Cutting porcelain stoneware at home

Electric cutter

An electrical apparatus is devoid of the disadvantages of a mechanical one. Thanks to him, they achieve a very high-quality cut. It allows you to work with dense and thick porcelain stoneware without compromising on quality. In addition, he is able to cut thin pieces of ceramics; in the case of a mechanical tool, even if there is a new roller and lubricated skids, there is no guarantee of a positive result.

An electric tile cutter is not as fast as a manual tile cutter, but that hardly matters where impeccable quality is needed. The only drawback is the relative high cost. However, the price is comparable to a quality imported mechanical tool.

What is an electric cutter?

  • Table or mill.
  • Guide.
  • Cutting element (diamond wheel).
  • Electrical engine.
  • Water system.

Cutting with a diamond wheel is accompanied by a large amount of dust, therefore the device has a hydraulic system that cools the cutting element and prevents active spraying of the ceramic. The models differ in the water supply scheme. In one case, it is a reservoir with a liquid, in which part of the circle is constantly immersed, in the other, wetting is carried out by running water. The fluid must be changed periodically to avoid the accumulation of waste contaminating the diamond element. The latter should also be washed regularly, otherwise cutting particles become clogged.

cutting, porcelain, stoneware, home

Electric water cooled tile cutter.

Undercutting at an angle of 45 degrees on an electric machine.

4 ways to cut porcelain stoneware: tile cutter, angle grinder, waterjet

Many people dislike trimming tiles. This lesson is quite difficult for a beginner. If you have never encountered it, practice first on a clay tile. It is much softer and more pliable than porcelain stoneware. The tools are the same, and by stuffing your hand on ordinary ceramics, you can more confidently handle the artificial stone. Cutting porcelain stoneware involves the use of mechanical and electrical “helpers”.

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Angle Grinder

An angle grinder is the tool that will help out in the absence of any other cutting tool. Further about the advantages and disadvantages of the angle grinder.

The angle grinder can be trimmed to any shape and size, and the angle can be sanded at 45 degrees. For work, you need a special diamond disc for tiles: smooth and without holes.

  • Availability. there is an angle grinder in almost every home, it is enough to purchase a diamond wheel.
  • Possibility of curly cutting. The portability of the tool allows you to cut almost any shape. skill would be enough.
  • Many people have a certain skill of working with an angle grinder, this provides a quick mastery of the trimming process.
  • Noise and dust. Working with an angle grinder is accompanied by “audio” and a lot of dust.
  • An angle grinder is a dangerous tool. Careless movement and negligence in safety can easily lead to injuries.
  • Poor quality cut. Depending on the quality of the angle grinder, the degree of chips and microcracks in the tile is different, but there are always flaws. Finishing the cut by grinding partly solves the problem, but it is better to use an angle grinder for working with tiles, which, from an aesthetic point of view, are not of great importance. the cut points should be hidden.

Safe working techniques with an angle grinder:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fvqotukmgEo
Having outlined the cutting line, cut a couple of millimeters from it. the diamond wheel “eats” part of the ceramics. Set the circle in accordance with the direction of movement of the mechanism; there is an arrow on the cutting element. In the process, try to drive the car back and forth less, this will reduce the number of chips. This advice does not work when cutting thin pieces of porcelain stoneware, here the desire to cut in one pass will turn into a scrap of a slab.

Approach responsibly when choosing a diamond wheel, buy high-quality consumables. Otherwise, it is fraught with the destruction of the element, which at high speed leads to injury. Give preference to circles without ventilation (gaps), ceramics do not like them.
Video about choosing a diamond wheel for trimming porcelain stoneware:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Bn8ab9DkRI
A blunt “diamond” can be brought into working condition with a brick. Walk over it 2-3 times with a cutting element, this will rid the circle of accumulated dirt.
How to make a narrow crop:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uCTfHEy2j7g

Mechanical tile cutter

It is the most popular exclusively tiled tool. There are many variations, but a porcelain tile cutter should be relatively powerful and durable. It consists of a bed, rail guides, a cutting roller and tabs for breaking tiles. The machine (bearing or cylinder) with two guides has become widespread.

Manual tile cutter device.

To cut porcelain stoneware:

  • Mark the boundaries of the cut.
  • Place the plate on the tool bed so that one mark corresponds to the center of the bed and the other to the cutting roller.
  • Swipe the roller evenly from one mark to another.
  • Press your paws gently into the cut.

Cheap tile cutters chipped due to roller play and poor pressure.

We are talking about “standard”, popular, tile cutters with a relatively low cost. An expensive tool, especially a monorail, is free from this drawback. But for homework, for obvious reasons, it is not suitable.

The hand tool is good for quickly cutting a large number of slabs, the cut of which will later be hidden. In this he is much better than an electric apparatus. Considering that it comes with a template that helps you not to be distracted by marking the ceramics when trimming identical pieces, this is the best solution for volumetric and clean work.
The video shows how easy it is to cut porcelain stoneware with a hand-held tile cutter:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GTC9H3T_bLs

Waterjet cutting

How does a waterjet machine work?

  • Choosing a water-cooled electric tile cutter
  • 3 ways to cut tiles at home
  • Manual tile cutter: choosing a quality model and using

Traditional ways of cutting tiles

If you have to process a not very thick tile, with which it is planned to cover a small area, then, with sufficient dexterity and existing skills, the operation can be performed using a standard glass cutter. Problems may arise for those who are going to do it for the first time. Since some of the tiles will split in the most inappropriate places, some margin should be provided. Unfortunately, the material and costs incurred in this case are inevitable.

The next, more modern technology involves the use of a mechanical tile cutter. To begin with, the tile is inserted into the appropriate niche for fixing, after which an incision is made with the roller of the tile cutter. The procedure ends by breaking the element into two parts.

It happens that a cut is required not with a straight, but with a curly profile. There are also several options here, such as a diamond wire or a file that fits into a hand-held jigsaw. However, the cutting procedure itself is very long and painstaking. This method is appropriate if you need to process a small volume of tile material or in cases where the cut has a broken line and other methods are not suitable.

Another solution for forming a figured cut is an electric jigsaw, also equipped with a file for granite or tile. It is recommended to wet the cutting area abundantly during processing. this will reduce the risk of chipping, especially on tiles with a glazed surface or when the thickness of porcelain stoneware exceeds standard values.

Often, in finishing work, it is necessary to perform drilling on the tiles. For small holes, a standard drill with a special tile drill may work. If you need to create a hole with a large diameter, then use a device called “ballerina”.

We cut porcelain stoneware at home

Tiles may need to be cut or drilled when wall cladding or flooring. Exceptions may be those cases when it is possible to select tile elements with a size that will allow surface finishing without excess. But perfect match in size is achieved with difficulty, and in corner, difficult areas, the processing of porcelain stoneware is completely inevitable.

There are several available technologies for cutting porcelain stoneware at home, but first, let’s look at the traditional methods that are used in such works.

Methods for cutting porcelain stoneware

However, ceramic tiles differ in a number of qualities from porcelain stoneware. Mostly these are hard-to-machine elements with a solid structure. The glass cutter will allow you to cut only thin porcelain tiles, but even in this case, a high percentage of rejects is not excluded. Due to the already noted structure hardness, hand tools are not suitable either. In any case, you need to prepare for long and unproductive work.

Sawing gres with a hacksaw for metal or a jigsaw will be accompanied by a regular change of attachments (diamond saws for granite). Those who nevertheless decide to use a manual glass cutter should do the work according to the following method:

  • Scratch the tiles around the entire perimeter and prepare a flat and stable surface.
  • Lay in a thick, straight piece of wire.
  • Place the element on the surface in such a way that the cut point coincides with the line of the wire.
  • Step on both sides of the tile by pressing lightly.

With proper observance of the previous points, 70% of the tiles will have to split right at the intended place. The quality of the left trace from the glass cutter is of great importance, it should turn out to be even and deep.

If you plan to pave large areas with porcelain stoneware, then it is advisable to use an electric cutter. This tool is provided with a special disc for processing porcelain stoneware and is similar in principle to a circular hand saw. Working with an electric tile cutter is very easy, especially when compared to other methods. The cutting of granite tiles is going like clockwork, but you should carefully monitor the process of processing itself, which should be carried out without jerks. Otherwise, there is a possibility of temperature incandescence of the saw, which often leads to the appearance of chips and cracks. In addition to conventional cutting with an electric tile cutter, relatively even bends and neat corner cuts are made. for comparison, no glass cutter will allow you to cut a square-shaped element from porcelain stoneware tiles.

An electric tile cutter is not cheap and it is not profitable to purchase it for cladding several squares with porcelain stoneware. But today, at least in big cities, there are many companies that offer to rent such a power tool. Such rental costs an average of 200 rubles. per day, but this is enough to cut the required amount of porcelain stoneware in various configurations. However, if ventilated facades are made of porcelain stoneware, then the work may be delayed.

A small angle grinder equipped with a diamond disc also allows you to cut the tile material. But for cutting “granite” it is necessary to choose the right speed (if the possibility of self-tuning is provided). At the same time, the “angle grinder” is a rather insidious tool and at the slightest deviation from the given direction, not only damage to the entire tile is possible, but injury. In general, this tool has a high risk of injury, so an experienced master should work with it.

As you know, many troubles arise in cases where safety precautions are not followed and if the tool is used for other purposes. Accordingly, to work with an angle grinder, it is necessary to provide a high-quality and serviceable disc, a protective casing for it, a respirator and goggles.

Drills with “ballerinas” or a drill designed for ceramic materials are also used to form holes. When creating small curved cuts, you can use an electric jigsaw.

Drilling porcelain stoneware

The choice of a tool that will allow drilling in a porcelain stoneware tile is determined by the purpose of the future hole. If you need to pass a twisted network pair through the tile, or a 2-core cable, the mentioned conventional drill of the corresponding size will do. Usually, porcelain stoneware for the kitchen is drilled on the floor when it is required to conduct communications to the stove or other equipment.

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But often the task is to lay through a tile, for example, a plastic cable duct, or a water pipe. In such cases, you cannot do without a carbide or diamond tip especially for porcelain stoneware, and you should also choose the appropriate tip shape and diameter.

Regardless of the tool chosen, you must adhere to the following drilling rules:

  • Drilling should be done from the front of the element. When the tip comes out of the porcelain stoneware tile, the edges of the hole will be chipped anyway, but from the wrong side it will not be noticeable.
  • Work should be carried out at low speeds, but with a high-power drill. this will reduce the wear of the nozzle, and also eliminate the risk of damage to the tile coating.
  • During work, the drill for porcelain stoneware must be constantly watered with water to cool.
  • The work itself should be organized on a hard surface, preferably wooden. The plane of the porcelain stoneware element must be perpendicular to the surface.
  • To prevent the tile from cracking, do not press hard on it.
  • If a hole with a diameter of more than 0.6 cm is made, then first, its base is made to an incomplete depth with a smaller drill.

There are many ways in which you can give the desired shape to porcelain stoneware, and the cutouts can be of any complexity. Most of them are quite feasible at home. Nevertheless, even when buying a tile, you should think about its possible processing and look in the manufacturers’ collections for elements with the necessary fittings. probably some of them will eliminate the need for the use of cutting tools. Even for facing coal areas, manufacturers produce special models of porcelain stoneware tiles with bends of different shapes.

How to properly cut porcelain stoneware tiles at home

Porcelain stoneware is an excellent finishing material that combines the best qualities of ceramics and natural stone. The material is stronger than granite, wear-resistant and resistant to aggressive environments. The tiles are produced by the industry, various.

Types of porcelain stoneware:

  • Technical porcelain stoneware;
  • Glazed;
  • Matte;
  • Polished;
  • Structured or patterned porcelain stoneware;
  • Lapped;
  • Aged;
  • Slim. Slim.

You can cut any shapes and configurations from porcelain stoneware tiles at home. Porcelain stoneware tiles are often used in the design of the floor, steps of stairs, porches, walls and plinths of the house. Although the material is very hard, it often leaves unclean chips in place of the cut. Types of cutting porcelain stoneware tiles at home. using an angle grinder with a diamond disc (diamond), tile cutter, glass cutter, jigsaw, waterjet cutting (only industrial cutting on professional equipment).

An angle grinder with a diamond wheel is often the only option for cutting porcelain tiles. But when working with this famous tool, there are some nuances. The fact is that when tiles are cut, this work is associated with the release of a huge amount of harmful dust, an unpleasant burning smell and wild noise. Therefore, when working with an angle grinder, you must protect your eyes with protective goggles, and also wear a respirator.

When cutting tiles, you need to know that the diamond wheel must be kept straight without moving and clearly follow the mowing line, which is held on the back of the tile.

It is necessary to work with the disc carefully, drive the disc along the mowing line, retreating behind the cut line 2-3 mm from the mowing line towards the chips. It is also necessary to press the tool firmly and guide it along the mowing line calmly, with great pressure. If you make a cut in this way, then the cut will be neat, without chips. There is also one more piece of advice when working with porcelain stoneware. The ceramic granite tile must be rigidly fixed, clamped with clamps and screwed to a fixed surface, for example, to a table. The fact is that this must be done according to safety precautions. after all, when cutting, you must press hard on the tool.

Complex shaped cutting of porcelain stoneware

Very often it is necessary to cut curly sections in porcelain stoneware tiles. For example, for curved steps, holes in tiles for columns or pipes. How to do it?

What way to choose to cut the porcelain stoneware tiles figuratively:

  • Hole saw;
  • Ballerina;
  • Angle Grinder.

What is the advice of a specialist in these cases? Hole saw. perfectly copes with the task when it is necessary to make round holes in porcelain stoneware. But alas, it works slowly but neatly. The ballerina also copes with the task of sawing round holes in the tiles, but she does it very carelessly, the edges remain uneven and often have to be refined by hand, and trimming is inevitable. an angle grinder is the best option for curved cuts.

When cutting tiles, the cutter should go a little further than the mowing line of the cut by 2-3 mm towards the chips.

Thus, it is possible to correct the unevenness of the cut with a grinder. It is necessary to work with a grinder “from oneself”. All tile ends must be sanded with a grinder or sandpaper. Next comes the final processing of the tile cuts. it is necessary to finish with a grinder, using flexible grinding wheels with a grain size of 0-100.

How and how to cut porcelain stoneware floor tiles

It is best to cut your porcelain stoneware floor tiles using an angle grinder with a diamond wheel. But at the same time it is necessary to use personal protective equipment against dust and noise.

Personal protective equipment when working with an angle grinder:

  • Protective gloves;
  • Glasses;
  • Headphones;
  • Respirator.

Experts give a few tips for beginners when working with an angle grinder, if you need to cut porcelain stoneware floor tiles, because these tiles are thick. Place foam plastic under the tiles on a firm, flat surface. To reduce the number of chips, in the place of the cut on the tile on the front side, it is necessary to stick masking tape and apply the cut thread with a pencil on top of the tape.

Tiles need to be cut only on the front side.

With a large tile thickness, to control the accuracy of the cut, it is necessary to use a metal building angle, it is attached with clamps to the tile, on the front side, and thus it is possible to correctly cut the tile.

Cutting porcelain stoneware: 8 kinds of material

The better to cut porcelain stoneware

Sizes of ceramic granite tiles (cm):

  • 30×30;
  • 45×45;
  • 60×60
  • 120×360.

The last size of the porcelain stoneware tile belongs to the so-called thin porcelain stoneware, which is most often used in the renovation of residential premises. It is especially beautiful when decorating the walls and plinths of the facades of private houses. There is another way to cut porcelain stoneware tiles, but with small amounts of work, it is working with a glass cutter.

Simple cutting of porcelain stoneware with a tile cutter

It is necessary to find out what kind of tile cutters are. The types of tile cutters are manual and electric (this is a stationary machine). Basically, the principle of operation of an electric and manual tile cutter is almost the same. But they differ in price.

An electric tile cutter has more convenience and quality in cutting tiles, compared to a manual tile cutter, but an electric tile cutter has a rather high price, no one leases it, and it has a high energy consumption. But the quality is of course excellent. During work, there is practically no dust from the tile, since when cutting, water is supplied to the wheel and cools it.

Granite processing at home

It is clear that cutting porcelain stoneware tiles is quite difficult. And more often than not, beginners should seek professional advice. They have special tools and experience.

Cutting porcelain stoneware at home

When facing the floor surface with porcelain stoneware, it may be necessary to cut the tiles in order to fit the coating strictly to the size of the room.

Porcelain stoneware. this is not linoleum, which can be cut in no time with an ordinary clerical knife. This material is highly durable. Therefore, in order to cut porcelain stoneware at home, you will have to make some effort and, of course, acquire a set of necessary tools.

The most convenient way to perform this operation is with a tile cutter. Such a tool is similar in design to a glass cutter, but has a larger cutting disc. Usually, several such cutting elements are included with the machine. Specifically for working with porcelain stoneware, a diamond disc is suitable.

Before proceeding with the cutting of porcelain stoneware, the line of the future cut is marked on the back of the tile with a marker. Then the tile cutter is installed on a solid support and securely fixed: during operation, the tool should not move from side to side. Tiles are inserted into the device face up.

Now you need to press the tile against the special limiter of the tile cutter. When cutting material, keep away from you. Smoothness of movement should be observed and sharp pressure should be avoided, especially in the final part. It is best to press on both sides of the porcelain stoneware to avoid the tiles crumbling into fragments while working with the machine.

When the cut is done, the tile can be broken off by lightly pressing on any of its halves.

The use of a tile cutter is beneficial in that it allows you to achieve the most smooth cut edges with rounded corners. Pliers can be used in addition to the tile cutter to make a curved tile cut.

If there is no tile cutting machine on the farm, you can use an angle grinder with a diamond disc, which allows you to do both simple and curly cutting. In this case, the incision must be performed, making movements from oneself. The very same ceramic granite tile is placed on a hard surface with the back side up.

The advantages of this method of cutting porcelain stoneware at home include its relative simplicity. To cut the tiles with an angle grinder, you do not need any particular training or any special skills. You just need to be extremely careful to avoid injury and mutilation while handling the tool.

As a minus, it can be noted that when processing porcelain stoneware, an angle grinder will invariably generate a large accumulation of dust. Therefore, before starting work, you need to put on overalls, goggles, a respirator and cover all exposed areas of the body.

Finally, another disadvantage of cutting porcelain stoneware with an angle grinder is the roughness of the corners on the cut side. Therefore, the use of an angle grinder can be recommended only in cases where tiles are planned to be reliably hidden by furniture, household appliances, household items, etc.

How to cut porcelain stoneware tiles at home

In terms of technology, there are two main ways to cut porcelain stoneware. To do this, you can use various tools and devices, but, regardless of the number and type of technical equipment, porcelain stoneware is still cut in two ways:

  • Mechanical sawing of a porcelain stoneware array. In this case, the cutting line is sampled with an abrasive tool;
  • Injection method. A deep scratch is cut on the surface of the porcelain stoneware along the future mowing line of separation. Further, a bending or shear force must be applied to the porcelain stoneware, and the tile splits exactly according to the markings.
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At home, you can use both methods, depending on the tool available, the amount of work and the thickness of the material. In addition, the complexity of the cut line configuration must be taken into account. For example, if you want to cut a tile that is large enough in size at home, which simply does not fit into a tile cutter, then you will need to look for a diamond cut-off wheel and an angle grinder. For cutting at home, this is one of the most reliable ways.

Having laid the tiles on a sheet of drywall, you can cut the porcelain stoneware angle grinder along almost any path, it is only important to take your time and evenly press the edge of the disc against the surface of the porcelain stoneware. Otherwise, you can easily overheat the tile at the cut point, which will lead to the formation of a pinch.

Professional advice

Oddly enough, but the greatest number of problems arise not even with the drive or the tool used to process porcelain stoneware, but directly with the diamond disc. The main complaint about the diamond is the rapid loss of cutting ability. As a result, with an increase in feed and force, the edge of the wheel heats up and begins to lose diamond powder. If you try to cut at home in this mode for at least 10-20 seconds, then nothing will remain of an expensive disc.

In this case, before each cut, the edge is cleaned and restored; at home, this can be done on an ordinary red brick by performing several small cuts. This removes soft material adhering to the diamond strip.

Experienced craftsmen, before cutting porcelain stoneware tiles, soak the material in water for 10-15 minutes. Artificial granite absorbs moisture very poorly, but a small amount of water still remains on the edge of the slab. As a result, the first time the cutting edge touches the surface, a beautiful, chip-free entry hole is guaranteed.

Features of cutting porcelain stoneware

It should be noted that cutting a very dense and hard porcelain stoneware slab is sometimes even easier at home than in the case of ceramic tiles. Those who don’t believe can try to cut overheated ceramics made on old Soviet or Chinese equipment at home. In comparison, cutting porcelain tiles does not look so problematic.

It is quite possible to cut porcelain stoneware without chips, although some masters argue that it is impossible to achieve this in principle. If this were really the case, then most of the walls and steps tiled with porcelain tiles would be with wide seams, curves and unattractive.

It’s not even about the hardness of porcelain stoneware. The technology for the manufacture of artificial granite is such that as a result of pressing and deep firing, material is obtained practically without internal stresses, and this is the guarantee of high quality mowing line sawing.

In order to accurately and accurately cut porcelain stoneware at home, only two conditions must be met:

  • Choose the right cutting mode, ensure constant and uniform pressure with the cutting tool on the line of the cut of porcelain stoneware;
  • Choose the right tool for your specific cutting conditions.

It is clear that at home the possibilities of cutting the material are significantly limited, but even in an apartment it is quite possible to cut porcelain stoneware without a tile cutter, although initially the amount of dust generated when working with electric machines is frightening.

Water cutting of porcelain stoneware

The most efficient and at the same time accurate method of sawing very hard natural and artificial granites is considered to be the waterjet system. It allows you to cut out entire designs and 3D images. The system is powerful enough to cut porcelain stoneware up to 200 mm thick. At home, such equipment is not used for obvious reasons.

Cutting using water can be done on a hydromechanical machine. The use of water or water emulsion can significantly reduce the heating temperature of the tool and the porcelain stoneware itself. The result is less wear and better surface quality. The emulsion is applied to the edge of the wheel, but not to the surface of the ceramic.

The diamond wheel, mounted on the rotor of the motor, is fed along the guides of the machine along the surface of the porcelain stoneware, the coolant is supplied from a special reservoir directly to the cutting zone. This method is considered the most harmless, since almost all dust is washed off with water and removed from the surface of porcelain stoneware. It is clear that you can cut the material in this way if you can find a separate room at home, for example, in a garage or in a barn.

Such machines have very high characteristics and cutting speed, therefore, if you plan to cut porcelain stoneware of complex shapes and sizes at home, then using a hydromechanical machine will be the best option.

How to cut porcelain stoneware tiles with a tile cutter

A tabletop or floor device for cutting all types of tiles is a small frame with rails installed at the top and a carriage with a carbide head. The carriage is driven by a lever or electric drive. Simple and convenient mechanism at home.

At home, the tile cutter turns out to be the most affordable tool for cutting porcelain stoneware.

Before cutting the porcelain stoneware, the tiles are laid on the frame and fixed with plastic or metal stops. This is to ensure that the material does not shift during the notching process. Next, we bring the head to the edge of the tile until it touches and push the lever away from you, the carriage with a diamond or carbide tip evenly passes over the surface of the tile, leaving a deep scratch behind.

It remains only to break the porcelain stoneware into two parts with a slight but sharp movement. One of the ways to cut porcelain stoneware with a manual tile cutter is shown on

  • It is very easy and comfortable to cut porcelain stoneware at home, you can master the cutting technique even with minimal experience and qualifications;
  • A minimum amount of dust is formed, which is very valuable at home, especially if you plan to lay porcelain stoneware tiles on a small area of ​​the floor or wall.

An electric tile cutter resembles a circular saw for processing and sawing wood in its structure. In order to cut porcelain stoneware, you just need to set the size of the cut strip, after which you can cut in unlimited quantities.

Home compact electric tile cutter

The disadvantages of the device include the fact that only material of a certain shape and size can be cut, for example, it is very difficult to cut a thin strip of porcelain stoneware or make an incision of a non-standard, curved shape.

A thin strip of porcelain stoneware is easier to cut with an angle grinder

How to cut porcelain stoneware with a jigsaw

Quite an unusual way of sawing porcelain stoneware slabs. Using an electric or hand jigsaw to cut very dense and hard material always raises some doubts among beginners. Nevertheless, it is quite possible to cut ceramics and porcelain stoneware with a jigsaw even at home, but only if certain requirements are met:

  • The tool must be prepared for sawing porcelain stoneware. A thin, necessarily soft material is glued to the sole, you can use paper or rubber. This is done in order not to scratch or damage the front surface of the plate;
  • The second step is to turn off the pendulum vibration-movement on the hacksaw blade feed mechanism, otherwise the saw will cut with chips on porcelain stoneware;
  • A special type of diamond-coated hacksaw blade is used for sawing tiles.

Testing the Cheapest Tile Cutter on AMAZON

In addition, the slab itself must be securely fixed on the countertop using clamps, and a rubber strip must be placed under the porcelain stoneware to reduce vibrations. The method for cutting porcelain stoneware is quite simple and does not require special skills, ideal for use at home. It is valuable that the curly cutting of porcelain stoneware is very easy to perform with a jigsaw.

You can also cut tiles with a hand jigsaw, sometimes there is simply no other tool at home, however, it will take several times longer, but it is possible to get a very accurate and high-quality cut. In this case, the side edges of the hacksaw blade are ground off, and emery powder is fed into the seam during the sawing process.

Curved cutting of porcelain stoneware

It is believed that this method is the cleanest of all mechanized options, which is especially important if you have to work at home, without a hood and vacuum cleaner.

How to cut porcelain stoneware with a circular saw

Porcelain stoneware tiles can be cut and cut without any problems with a more powerful cutting tool, such as a hand-held circular saw. Engine speed and power allow you to cut almost everything at home, from wood to metal profiles.

In order to cut porcelain stoneware, the tool must be equipped with:

  • First, a standard carbide-tipped saw blade must be replaced with a diamond disc;
  • Secondly, a bandage ring is placed under the disk mounting, thanks to which it is possible to damp vibrations and uncontrolled bending of a thin and flexible diamond wheel.

Alteration of a saw for porcelain stoneware

The process of sawing material is not much different from working on an electric tile cutter, the only difference is that the engine power is noticeably higher. Therefore, you need to carefully control the supply of the diamond wheel with minimal effort, otherwise the porcelain stoneware quickly overheats and cracks.

If you need to cut large quantities of porcelain stoneware, then there is no better option than an electric machine.

This method of sawing porcelain stoneware is considered the most productive, but at home it is used for short-term cutting of a small amount of material. You can work only in the yard, in the garage, in the shed, but in no case inside the dwelling. The amount of dust that is generated when cutting even a small amount of material is about an order of magnitude higher than all other cutting methods. The only indisputable advantage of this option is that with the help of a circular and a diamond wheel, you can cut porcelain stoneware at 45 degrees.

How to cut porcelain stoneware with a glass cutter

The technology of cutting tile material using a manual glass cutter is not much different from the previous method. The only differences are that instead of a carriage moving along the guides, you have to cut porcelain stoneware with a small tool held in your hand.

In fact, this is ideal if you want to cut material at home. Instead of a frame fixture, a regular table, a metal ruler and the glass cutter itself are used. In order to cut the porcelain stoneware, it is enough to lay a ruler on the mowing line of the marking and draw a diamond along the mowing line of the cut.

To break the material, the tiles are laid on the table so that the scratch line coincides with the edge of the table top, pressed on top with a board and with a sharp movement break the material into two halves. For home conditions, there is no simpler way, but in order to master the technique, you need to practice cutting on the waste of porcelain stoneware or glass.

The advantage of this method is the simplicity and the minimum amount of equipment required. It is easier to store a manual glass cutter with a diamond at home than a tile cutter. The disadvantage of this method is that it is necessary to learn how to draw a line with a diamond along the markings at a constant speed, and most importantly, to do it continuously, in one motion, while accurately measuring the force applied to the surface of porcelain stoneware.

In addition, it is very difficult to cut the material with a glass cutter without chips, therefore, if possible, it is best to use a diamond, and not a carbide roller.

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Professional advice

Oddly enough, but the greatest number of problems arise not even with the drive or the tool used to process porcelain stoneware, but directly with the diamond disc. The main complaint about the diamond is the rapid loss of cutting ability. As a result, with an increase in feed and force, the edge of the wheel heats up and begins to lose diamond powder. If you try to cut at home in this mode for at least 10-20 seconds, then nothing will remain of an expensive disc.

In this case, before each cut, the edge is cleaned and restored; at home, this can be done on an ordinary red brick by performing several small cuts. This removes soft material adhering to the diamond strip.

Experienced craftsmen, before cutting porcelain stoneware tiles, soak the material in water for 10-15 minutes. Artificial granite absorbs moisture very poorly, but a small amount of water still remains on the edge of the slab. As a result, the first time the cutting edge touches the surface, a beautiful, chip-free entry hole is guaranteed.

Water cutting of porcelain stoneware

The most efficient and at the same time accurate method of sawing very hard natural and artificial granites is considered to be the waterjet system. It allows you to cut out entire designs and 3D images. The system is powerful enough to cut porcelain stoneware up to 200 mm thick. At home, such equipment is not used for obvious reasons.

Cutting using water can be done on a hydromechanical machine. The use of water or water emulsion can significantly reduce the heating temperature of the tool and the porcelain stoneware itself. The result is less wear and better surface quality. The emulsion is applied to the edge of the wheel, but not to the surface of the ceramic.

The diamond wheel, mounted on the rotor of the motor, is fed along the guides of the machine along the surface of the porcelain stoneware, the coolant is supplied from a special reservoir directly to the cutting zone. This method is considered the most harmless, since almost all dust is washed off with water and removed from the surface of porcelain stoneware. It is clear that you can cut the material in this way if you can find a separate room at home, for example, in a garage or in a barn.

Such machines have very high characteristics and cutting speed, therefore, if you plan to cut porcelain stoneware of complex shapes and sizes at home, then using a hydromechanical machine will be the best option.

How to cut porcelain stoneware tiles at home

In terms of technology, there are two main ways to cut porcelain stoneware. To do this, you can use various tools and devices, but, regardless of the number and type of technical equipment, porcelain stoneware is still cut in two ways:

  • Mechanical sawing of a porcelain stoneware array. In this case, the cutting line is sampled with an abrasive tool;
  • Injection method. A deep scratch is cut on the surface of the porcelain stoneware along the future mowing line of separation. Further, a bending or shear force must be applied to the porcelain stoneware, and the tile splits exactly according to the markings.

At home, you can use both methods, depending on the tool available, the amount of work and the thickness of the material. In addition, the complexity of the cut line configuration must be taken into account. For example, if you want to cut a tile that is large enough in size at home, which simply does not fit into a tile cutter, then you will need to look for a diamond cut-off wheel and an angle grinder. For cutting at home, this is one of the most reliable ways.

Having laid the tiles on a sheet of drywall, you can cut the porcelain stoneware angle grinder along almost any path, it is only important to take your time and evenly press the edge of the disc against the surface of the porcelain stoneware. Otherwise, you can easily overheat the tile at the cut point, which will lead to the formation of a pinch.

Where to cut porcelain stoneware tiles

Oddly enough, but it is the smallest ceramic dust that forms when cutting artificial ceramic granite that turns into the main problem. At home, it is most convenient to cut the material directly at the place of its laying.

If you plan to cut tiles with a tile cutter, then you can cut out porcelain stoneware in any suitable place for this. The amount of shavings and dust in this case is insignificant, but the performance at home is relatively small.

For curly cutting or cutting sufficiently thick slabs of porcelain stoneware, you will have to use an angle grinder or machine. You will have to work at home either in the courtyard of the house, or you will have to sacrifice a bathroom or a toilet.

How to cut porcelain stoneware with a circular saw

Porcelain stoneware tiles can be cut and cut without any problems using a more powerful cutting tool, such as a hand-held circular saw. Engine speed and power allow you to cut almost everything at home, from wood to metal profiles.

In order to cut porcelain stoneware, the tool must be equipped with:

  • First, a standard carbide-tipped saw blade must be replaced with a diamond disc;
  • Secondly, a bandage ring is placed under the disk fastening, thanks to which it is possible to damp vibrations and uncontrolled bending of a thin and flexible diamond wheel.

Alteration of the saw for porcelain stoneware

The process of sawing material is not much different from working on an electric tile cutter, the only difference is that the engine power is noticeably higher. Therefore, you need to carefully control the supply of the diamond wheel with minimal effort, otherwise the porcelain stoneware quickly overheats and cracks.

If you need to cut large quantities of porcelain stoneware, then there is no better option than an electric machine.

This method of sawing porcelain stoneware is considered the most productive, but at home it is used for short-term cutting of a small amount of material. You can work only in the yard, in the garage, in the shed, but in no case inside the dwelling. The amount of dust that is generated when cutting even a small amount of material is about an order of magnitude higher than all other cutting methods. The only indisputable advantage of this option is that with the help of a circular and a diamond wheel, you can cut porcelain stoneware at 45 degrees.

How to cut porcelain stoneware with a jigsaw

Quite an unusual way of sawing porcelain stoneware slabs. Using an electric or hand jigsaw to cut very dense and hard material always raises some doubts among beginners. Nevertheless, it is quite possible to cut ceramics and porcelain stoneware with a jigsaw even at home, but only if certain requirements are met:

  • The tool must be prepared for sawing porcelain stoneware. A thin, necessarily soft material is glued to the sole, you can use paper or rubber. This is done in order not to scratch or damage the front surface of the plate;
  • The second step is to turn off the pendulum vibration-movement on the hacksaw blade feed mechanism, otherwise the saw will cut with chips on porcelain stoneware;
  • A special type of diamond-coated hacksaw blade is used for sawing tiles.

Important! It makes no sense to even try to cut the slab with standard titanium knives, the cutting edge wears out literally in the very first minutes of work, and the process itself stops without even passing a few centimeters.

In addition, the slab itself must be securely fixed on the countertop using clamps, and a rubber strip must be placed under the porcelain stoneware to reduce vibrations. The method for cutting porcelain stoneware is quite simple and does not require special skills, ideal for use at home. It is valuable that the curly cutting of porcelain stoneware is very easy to perform with a jigsaw.

You can also cut tiles with a hand jigsaw, sometimes there is simply no other tool at home, however, it will take several times longer, but it is possible to get a very accurate and high-quality cut. In this case, the side edges of the hacksaw blade are ground off, and emery powder is fed into the seam during the sawing process.

Curved cutting of porcelain stoneware

Advice! If possible, it is better to replace the blade with a diamond-coated wire, this method gives less chips, especially if you cut porcelain stoneware with periodic addition of water to the cutting point.

It is believed that this method is the cleanest of all mechanized options, which is especially important if you have to work at home, without a hood and vacuum cleaner.

Features of cutting porcelain stoneware

It should be noted that cutting a very dense and hard porcelain stoneware slab is sometimes even easier at home than in the case of ceramic tiles. Those who don’t believe can try to cut overheated ceramics made on old Soviet or Chinese equipment at home. In comparison, cutting porcelain tiles does not look so problematic.

It is quite possible to cut porcelain stoneware without chips, although some masters argue that it is impossible to achieve this in principle. If this were really the case, then most of the walls and steps tiled with porcelain tiles would be with wide seams, curves and unattractive.

It’s not even about the hardness of porcelain stoneware. The technology for the manufacture of artificial granite is such that as a result of pressing and deep firing, material is obtained practically without internal stresses, and this is the guarantee of high quality mowing line sawing.

In order to accurately and accurately cut porcelain stoneware at home, only two conditions must be met:

  • Choose the right cutting mode, ensure constant and uniform pressure with the cutting tool on the line of the cut of porcelain stoneware;
  • Choose the right tool for your specific cutting conditions.

It is clear that at home the possibilities of cutting the material are significantly limited, but even in an apartment it is quite possible to cut porcelain stoneware without a tile cutter, although initially the amount of dust generated when working with electric machines is frightening.