Cutting porcelain stoneware with a grinder
According to experts, cutting slabs with a grinder with a diamond disc is not a very difficult task. This process is within the power of both an experienced builder and a person who had no previous experience in cutting porcelain stoneware. It is recommended to use the dry cut method for cutting.
tutorial 02 – how to cut the porcelain large format Tiles / Large Slabs
This tool is equally good for straight cutting and for shaping curved elements or slices. It should be borne in mind that the edge of a tile processed with a grinder sometimes turns out to be not particularly aesthetic and has jags. For this reason, slabs cut with this method are best used in places where these imperfections will not be visible. You can also trim the edge of the tile and remove the jags.
- Cutting porcelain stoneware with a grinder is certainly accompanied by a lot of dust. This should be foreseen at the stage of choosing a room or place for performing work.
- A certain danger is caused by the high rotation speed of the diamond disc. Carelessness and carelessness of the master can lead to injury or amputation of fingers.
- When performing work, you need to take care of safety. wear a respirator, goggles and headphones.
Manual tile cutter.
The most common and optimal tool in terms of the price of the tool and the resulting quality at the output. Easy to use cutting device. Allows to cut tiles in a straight line only. The tile is clamped in the device, the cutting process takes place with a wheel made of hard metal alloy, by moving it along the line by the handle. Further, the tile is simply cracked. The cost of the tool ranges from 300 rubles to 7000 rubles
How to cut a tile with a tile cutter? In order to accurately cut the tile, you must first draw a fracture line on the tile, then bring it horizontally into the device and fix it with a ruler. It is necessary to cut with a movement away from you, raising the handle. Further, it remains only to slightly press on the fracture site. With a manual tile cutter, you can cut both thin wall tiles and thick floor tiles with high quality. A plastic tile cutter is fine for wall tiles, while a metal case should be chosen for heavy floor tiles. With the help of a manual tile cutter, it is impossible to make a curved cut, it only serves for a straight cut. Do not cut through the same place two or three times, as the result will be disastrous. the material will break completely in the wrong way. Also, precisely because of this, you need to carefully monitor the sharpness of the cutting device. on specialized professional models it is removable, therefore, if necessary, a dull roller can be easily changed.
How to fix the grinder?
Placing the instrument horizontally will place the disc outside the table. And then you will have to cut by weight. This is a more complex option, which should not be chosen only by mastering the intricacies of handling a grinder.
An angle grinder is the tool that will help out in the absence of any other cutting tool. Further on the advantages and disadvantages of the grinder.
The grinder can trim any shape and size, grind the angle at 45 degrees. For work, you need a special diamond disc for tiles: smooth and without holes.
- Availability. There is a grinder in almost every home, it is enough to purchase a diamond wheel.
- Possibility of curly cutting. The portability of the tool allows you to cut almost any shape. skill would be enough.
- Many people have a certain skill of working with angle grinders, this provides a quick mastery of the pruning process.
- Noise and dust. Working with a grinder is accompanied by “audio accompaniment” and a lot of dust.
- LBM is a dangerous tool. Careless movement and negligence in safety can easily lead to injury.
- Poor quality cut. Depending on the quality of the grinder, the degree of chips and microcracks in the tile is different, but there are always flaws. Finishing the cut by grinding partly solves the problem, but it is better to use the angle grinder to work with tiles, which, from an aesthetic point of view, are not of great importance. the places of the cut should be hidden.
Techniques for safe work with a grinder:
Having outlined the cutting line, cut a couple of millimeters from it. the diamond wheel “eats” part of the ceramics. Set the circle in accordance with the direction of movement of the mechanism; there is an arrow on the cutting element. In the process, try to drive the car back and forth less, this will reduce the number of chips. This advice does not work when cutting thin pieces of porcelain stoneware, here the desire to cut in one pass will turn into a scrap of a slab.
Approach responsibly when choosing a diamond wheel, buy high-quality consumables. Otherwise, it is fraught with the destruction of the element, which at high speed leads to injury. Give preference to circles without ventilation (gaps), ceramics do not like them.
Video about choosing a diamond wheel for trimming porcelain stoneware:
A blunt “diamond” can be brought into working condition with a brick. Walk over it 2-3 times with a cutting element, this will rid the circle of accumulated dirt.
How to make a narrow crop:
Disadvantages of a manual tile cutter:
Cutting strips of 6 mm or less is not possible, the edges of the cut may turn out to be uneven, material scrap is possible, the edges also turn out to be sharp, refinement with sandpaper is necessary. Large cutting volume is difficult.
4 ways to cut porcelain stoneware: tile cutter, grinder, waterjet
Many people dislike trimming tiles. This lesson is quite difficult for a beginner. If you have never encountered it, practice first on a clay tile. It is much softer and more pliable than porcelain stoneware. The tools are the same, and by stuffing your hand on ordinary ceramics, you can more confidently handle the artificial stone. Cutting porcelain stoneware involves the use of mechanical and electrical “helpers”.
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This method can help out if you need to make a small number of cutouts; it will be difficult to cope with a large amount of work with this method, since the process takes a lot of time. When working with a jigsaw, the place of the cut must be watered. there will be less dust and chips, and the thin file will not overheat.
Cutting tiles at 45 degrees: the best way to do it?
Tile cutting technology at 45 degrees allows you to aesthetically veneer any outside corner when decorating walls with ceramic finishing materials. At the same time, this allows you to get rid of the need for the purchase and subsequent use of special decorative corners, whose appearance can negatively affect the overall design of the room. Plastic and metal corners are not only not aesthetically pleasing and unfashionable, but also not practical. Given this fact, it is worthwhile to figure out how the tiles are trimmed at 45 degrees and what recommendations should be followed.
What tools are used to sharpen the ends of tiles at 45 degrees?
Cutting porcelain stoneware at 45 degrees can often be called gash, sharpening, trimming, burr. In this case, the meaning in each case is one. The end of the tile is ground so that it changes its right angle to an angle of 45 degrees.
A similar operation can be performed using various instruments. But the best result and the highest quality of sharpening of the ends is achieved with the help of an electric tile cutter, which is a special device for cutting and sharpening the ends of tiles. In extreme cases, it is allowed to use a grinder with a special circle for cutting tiles. True, in this case, the master must have sufficient experience and skills in order to do the job efficiently.
In any case, it is worth getting to know each of the methods for cutting porcelain stoneware and tiles at 45 degrees.
Recommendations for the correct trimming of tiles at an angle of 45 degrees
Cutting tiles at an angle of 45 degrees should be carried out in such a way that the disc of the grinder or tile cutter does not reach the glossy coating of the tile about one millimeter. This means that only the clay itself should be cut. That is, only the clay is cut, which acts as the basis of this finishing material. This is due to the fact that this technology helps to make the cut more accurate. When cutting tiles at once to the full depth, the likelihood of damage to the glossy coating and the appearance of chipping on it increases. Such a defect will no longer be possible to fix, so you will have to throw away the tiles or put up with its not the most aesthetic appearance.
In some cases, trimming tiles at 45 degrees forces the craftsman to cut directly into the glaze. At the same time, experienced craftsmen know several ways to eliminate the likelihood of damage to the glossy coating of the tile.
First of all, it is recommended to simply cut the tiles exactly to the specified dimensions. After that, you can start sharpening the resulting edge at the desired angle. As a result, the resulting cut will be smooth, neat and beautiful. True, to do everything right, you need to fill your hand. Therefore, it is recommended to practice a little on broken or damaged tiles in order not to spoil a lot of finishing material later.
Additionally, the edges of the tiles can be processed using sandpaper to give them maximum smoothness and evenness.
Also, craftsmen use the method of corner trimming from the factory edge. At the same time, they hide all the cuts made with a grinder or tile cutter under another tile.
In any case, taking into account the latest trends in bathroom and kitchen decoration, craftsmen and designers prefer the technology of trimming tiles at 45 degrees rather than corners. Therefore, if you strive to create a truly cozy and modern interior, then you will have to work a little in order to master the technology of cutting tiles at a certain angle.
Electric tile cutter
The tile cutter is a machine for cutting tiles at 45 degrees, as well as for longitudinal and cross cutting. Such a device has a water cooling system. In addition, water helps to remove almost all the dust that occurs during the cutting of porcelain stoneware or ceramic tiles. The main advantage of the tile cutter is its accuracy. It cuts along one predetermined path. This eliminates the influence of factors such as shaking hands of the master. As a result, the drink turns out to be as smooth and accurate as possible.
Tile cutters can cut virtually any angle. True, often craftsmen cut tiles at an angle of 90 degrees or 45 degrees.
Cutting tiles with a grinder
Cutting tiles under 45 with a grinder is a rather laborious and technically complex process. Not every experienced craftsman will be able to accurately trim the end of the finishing material. True, with the proper skill and with experience, this can still be dealt with. In fact, using a grinder is the most affordable way to trim tiles at home, as many houses have a similar tool, which cannot be said about electrical devices for sharpening or cutting ceramic finishing materials.
Before you start using the grinder, you should make sure that you have a good diamond blade suitable for cutting ceramic tiles and porcelain stoneware.
The presence of diamond dusting on the edge is obligatory
The ceramic tile is placed on the edge, after which the other edge, which is in a perpendicular position, is carefully sharpened with a diamond disc to an angle of 45 degrees. In this case, it is worth remembering that the opposite, not glossy side of the tile should be sharpened.
If the surface is not perfectly flat the first time, then it can be trimmed by going through the diamond wheel again. A belt sander may also be suitable for these purposes. True, not everyone in the house has such an instrument. Therefore, as an alternative, you can suggest using a wooden block wrapped with sandpaper.
You can also use Velcro emery wheels. Such nozzles are simply screwed onto the grinder, after which sandpaper is glued to them. You can use diamond tips with a longer resource and higher productivity. True, they cost significantly more than ordinary sandpaper with Velcro.
The Mitre Wiz is making cutting simple!
When finishing large areas, it makes sense to spend money on buying diamond tips. If we are talking about finishing a small section of the wall, for example, an apron in the kitchen, then you can limit yourself to using emery wheels.
Important: when using diamond tips to wash down porcelain stoneware at 45 degrees, you will need to use a grinder with a speed control function, while the speed must be set to a minimum.
Advantages of tile edge sharpening technology
The technology of sharpening the ends at 45 degrees eliminates the need for decorative corners when finishing outside corners. Thanks to this, it will be possible to create an aesthetic appearance of the wall. These corners have a neater and more stylish appearance than those with corners. Agree, this is much more interesting than imposed tiles on tiles or inserted plastic.
Facing and forming right angles with ceramic tiles and porcelain stoneware
It is important to understand that the grouting of porcelain stoneware at 45 degrees, as well as ceramic tiles, is carried out when the need arises for facing external right angles.
First, the first tile with the previously trimmed end is glued and set according to the level. In this case, the previously trimmed end will slightly protrude beyond the edge of the wall.
After that, on the other hand, a second tile is glued, serving as a counterpart of the formed corner from porcelain stoneware or ceramic tile. Until the glue is completely dry, the tiles need to be leveled and compared with each other so as to create a perfectly even and aesthetic angle.
So, the tile is laid gradually row by row upward.
Important: before starting to work on finishing the wall with tiles, you need to make sure that the wall is vertical. This is due to the fact that with an uneven wall it will be extremely problematic to ensure the possibility of matching the sharpened ends of the tile. At the same time, it will be extremely difficult to correct the resulting defects and only when using overhead plastic corners attached to a sealant.