DIY cascade adapter for tiller

Table of Contents:

Stage # 2 – production of main parts

When making and assembling the frame, it is important to provide for the arrangement of a fork with a sleeve. It is necessary to ensure free rotation of the trailer..

cascade, adapter, tiller

The frame of the structure is made of metal pipes and corners

The body of the structure is made of steel sheet. The height of its sides is made no less than 30 cm.

When making stands for the adapter wheels, you can use the diagram below

The simplest option for manufacturing a coupling assembly is a 15 cm long pin, which is stuck into the hole in the drawbar of the U-shaped motoblock “tow bar”. The disadvantage of this option is quick wear: under the action of a freely rotating trailer, the hitch holes are quickly broken. To reduce wear, it is advisable to lengthen the U-shaped chain.

Tiller adapter: how to build a good do-it-yourself seat cart?

Stage # 1 – drawing up a kinematic diagram

To ensure the balance of the structure and prevent additional overloads at the design stage, it is necessary to draw up a kinematic diagram. You can make it yourself or use a ready-made version..

This circuit was developed for the manufacture of an adapter designed to operate on the Neva trailer

What adapter designs exist?

With this attachment, you can significantly simplify the use of the tiller. After all, it acts as a transitional link connecting the unit itself with other functional elements: nozzles for planting and hilling potatoes, flat cutters, a plow … By installing the equipment, you can automate gardening work as much as possible. For example, when using special equipment with attachments, you can increase the working speed from 5 to 10 km / h.

There are several types of adapters. In general, the structure is a trolley attached to the rear of the tiller, equipped with a comfortable seat

Some models are equipped with a lifting lever, which greatly simplifies the control of the mechanism and the movement of the unit itself on the site. Other adapters, in addition to agricultural work, can also be used for transporting goods. They are equipped with a special body. The adapters can have short or long drawbars, depending on their function. Short drawbar models are designed to work with light tillers, while long drawbar models are designed for heavier implements..

There are also models with a telescopic drawbar on sale, as well as those in which you can adjust the track width.

The adapters are fixed to the tiller using a single enlarged hitch, which consists of two parts: the first part is needed to connect the equipment to the unit. And the second acts as an adjustable adapter between the equipment itself and its lifting mechanism. To increase the number of implements used simultaneously, the adapters are equipped with a double universal hitch.

Arrangement of a multifunctional model

For the manufacture of a multifunctional device, you must prepare:

  • Steel pipes and corners;
  • Sheet steel;
  • Two wheels;
  • Comfortable sitting;
  • Welding machine and tool kit.

This adapter is a multifunctional model. It can be used for basic agricultural work and for transporting goods over uneven terrain over short distances. The structure can be equipped with such agricultural implements as a plow, harrow, tiller, potato digger. Snow scraper can be attached to adapter during winter months.

The main elements of the equipment are: the frame and hitch devices, as well as the wheelset and seats

The manufacturing process of the adapter at home takes place in several stages..

Assembling a simple structure

A simple adapter model is a metal frame. It is made from a pipe with a rectangular cross-section 1.7 meters long. At one of the ends of the pipe, a 0.5 meter long pipe is welded perpendicularly, which will serve as the basis for attaching the racks for the adapter wheels. The height of the struts themselves from the wheel axis to the top point is 0.3 meters.

For the manufacture of the structure, you can use the wheels removed from the garden cart. They can be installed on bushings, which are quite simple to perform on a conventional lathe. Bearings of the appropriate size are put on the finished bushings

After that, the braces must be attached to the central pipe and the hubs of the wheels of the adapter by welding. The length of the products depends on the angle of their inclination relative to the structure. The square adapter frame can also be made in any size. In our case, this is a frame of 0.4×0.4 meters. To equip the attachments, a channel 0 with a length of 0.4 meters is welded to the rear end of the frame. The assembly and connection of the side pipes of the structure is carried out using bolts..

The seat is placed on a metal support that is welded to the central tube. The adapter is ready for use.

Stage # 3 – installing the seat

On the backbone frame of the adapter beam, stepping back 80 cm from the front edge, fix the seat. It is fixed with bolts. The adapter is ready. It remains only to check the functionality of the multifunctional device..

Assembling a simple version of the adapter for the tiller with your own hands

To make it you will need:

  • rectangular pipes;
  • wheels;
  • channel 0 40 cm long;
  • coupling knot;
  • welding machine;
  • bearings;
  • mounting bolts;
  • sitting.

Before starting work, you need to create a drawing. You can use ready-made schemes or make them yourself.

After that, work begins. First, the pipe is cut into lengths of 1.7 and 0.5 m. The end of the short pipe is welded to the long one, and strictly perpendicularly. It will be the basis for attaching the wheel struts. Immediately make marks of 30 cm, indicating the height of the racks from the axis.

Then wheels are attached to the hubs, which can be used from an old garden cart. Bearings are first attached to the bushings, after which the braces are welded to the central tube of the bushing by welding.

Frames are made with dimensions 40×40 cm, but if necessary, these dimensions are reduced or increased. A channel is attached to the rear end of the frame by welding, and the side pipes are bolted to each other. Also, a lever is installed on the frame. To increase the adjustment force, install an additional lever 75 cm long.

The seat is attached to a metal support, which is welded in advance to the base of the frame, i.e., the central tube.

What is a tiller adapter

The appearance of the adapter resembles a two-wheeled trailer, which is additionally equipped with a seat. When installed on a tiller, all gardening work is greatly simplified, because it is automated. A home-made adapter increases productivity several times and reduces the labor intensity of agricultural work. This device can turn the tiller into a mini-tractor and make it functional and irreplaceable..

Some models have a special lifting lever, which makes the operation of mechanisms more comfortable. If necessary, the tiller is used to transport small loads.

Depending on the purpose of using the drawbar technique, there are:

  • elongated (for large machines);
  • shortened (for light structures).

To connect the adapter to the tiller, a single enlarged hitch is used, which consists of two parts. The first acts as a link, and the second is a regulator. If it becomes necessary to equip the equipment with several implements at the same time, then a double universal hitch is used..

DIY tiller adapter, dimensions and drawings

Almost all owners of personal plots need specialized equipment to carry out their work. It is necessary to constantly care for the land plot: loosen, plow, huddle the beds. If you do all this manually, you will have to spend a lot of time and effort. Not everyone can handle this, especially the elderly. That is why tillers were created, with the help of which it is quite easy to cultivate the land. But one caveat arises – the adapter, which is a special attachment and helps to cultivate the land. Such equipment will be very expensive, so many people make the adapter to the tiller with their own hands..

How to assemble an adapter for a tiller with your own hands

A simpler and more complicated design can be made. Both of these options will be given below..

Assembling a complicated version of the adapter for the tiller with your own hands

To make such an adapter for a tiller, you will need:

  • steel pipes;
  • Sheet steel;
  • seat;
  • corners;
  • a pair of wheels;
  • welding machine.

Such a tiller adapter will be more functional. The assembled equipment can not only cultivate the land, but also be used for the transportation of goods. Additionally, a harrow, plows, tillers, etc. are used. And in winter, the tiller can be equipped with a scraper to remove snow.

This design consists of the following elements:

  • rim;
  • seat;
  • wheels;
  • coupling devices.

Before starting work, a kinematic diagram is created. This is necessary in order to correctly calculate all loads. You can also use ready-made drawings..

When making a frame, do not forget about installing a fork with a bushing, which are necessary for the trailer to turn freely. A steel sheet is required for the bodywork. The hitch assembly looks like this: an iron pin 15 cm in size is inserted into the aperture of the drawbar, which has the shape of the letter “P”. However, it should be noted that this option wears out quickly, since the coupling holes become unusable very quickly due to the regular rotation of the trailer. In this case, it is necessary to lengthen the U-like chain..

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The seat is fastened at a distance of 80 cm from the front end of the frame. This process is carried out using bolts..

How to make an adapter to the tiller with your own hands?

Phased assembly of equipment is performed in a specific order. Be sure to adhere to the algorithm described below, otherwise you risk making a number of irreparable mistakes..

Before you start assembling the adapter to the tiller, carefully study the drawings and dimensions of each of the elements used. The location of parts in the structure will be shown in the figure below. Collecting a homemade adapter is best in the garage, as you will definitely need access to an electrical outlet. The further work plan is described in detail below..

Creating a trunk for the adapter

You will need a trunk for collecting and transporting crops. Due to the fact that after installing the trunk, the center of gravity of the tiller is transferred, this element will also become indispensable when driving on hilly terrain. The trunk is made in the following sequence:

  • First, assemble the frame – for this, take several water pipes. One of them should be central, and have a diameter of 1 inch. All other pipes should be ½ ”or ¼” in diameter;
  • Place the support pipes on the central tube and weld it to the trunk;
  • Fix the support pipes to the block rod and the gearbox..

You can choose the height of the supports based on the position of the trunk. At the same time, remember that it should not lie on the tiller, but hang over it. The trunk is mounted by means of supports above those elements of the tiller that do not require free access to themselves. Never fasten the part above the instrument panels, as well as the fuel and oil tank..

Frame fabrication and seat assembly

Using an adapter with a seat allows you to turn the tiller into a mini tractor. You can choose a chair to adapt to your taste. In doing so, we advise you to pay attention to the seat with a built-in shock absorber – this way, you will avoid the need to install springs. The frame is assembled in the following sequence:

  • Take a piece of pipe, 5.7 cm in diameter, and weld the shank to it – it is necessary for mounting the swing arm. The bracket itself must be fixed with a pin;
  • Weld a 5 × 5 cm cross-piece to the frame. Both parts should be perpendicular to each other;
  • Weld a steel sheet, 3 mm thick, to the corner and frame;
  • Bend the side edges of the sheet, about 1 cm long, down – this way you protect yourself from cuts;
  • Bend and weld the fenders, to the top of which you weld the wing flaps. Latest equip with reflectors.

Be sure to equip the main frame with an additional pull-out frame made of a tube, 51 mm thick. In this case, the telescopic tube is attached to the fixed main frame by means of a bolt.

Tiller adapter

Modern tiller is a high-tech agricultural machine that allows you to process a vegetable garden with high quality, saving the time and effort of its owner. Most tillers can be retrofitted with a variety of additional designs. One of these designs is the adapter to the tiller – its presence makes working with the unit many times more convenient and pleasant.

Swivel bracket and rear-view mirror manufacturing

To make this adapter part, proceed in this order:

  • Weld or bend a workpiece from a pipe with a diameter of 5–6 cm. Weld 2 steel bushings to its upper part – they are necessary to ensure the effect of rocking the adapter frame in the longitudinal and transverse axes;
  • Slip on the bracket and fix one side of it on the shank attached to the frame, and the other directly on the tiller.

In order to quickly install and remove the bracket, weld the handle to it.
You will need a rearview mirror when transporting a loaded cart. Mount the part on the tiller handle or clip it to the rear of the trunk.

To save time on making a part, you can take a ready-made mirror from a car or moped.

Tiller adapter – design and function

At its core, the tiller adapter is a trolley that significantly increases the functionality of the agricultural unit and makes working with it much more comfortable. Most adapters are equipped with seats, some of them are equipped with a lifting lever, which greatly simplifies the work with equipment.

Each adapter is equipped with foot rests, next to which the brake pedal is located. In addition to it, a hand brake lever is provided in the adapter device, lowering which the driver finally fixes the wheels in a stationary position. All parts of the tiller adapter are attached to a sturdy frame. At the bottom of the frame is a wheelbase consisting of two medium-sized wheels. There is a hitch at the front or back of the adapter that allows you to attach the structure to the tiller. The standard hitch is a single, two-piece design. The first plays the role of a connecting link, and the second acts as a regulator.

In the design of some adapters, there are also universal double couplings, which allow, in addition to the adapter, to install other devices necessary for operation on the tiller.

Types of adapters for tiller

The main parameter by which adapters to tillers are divided is the way they are connected to the agricultural unit. Depending on this, you can find on sale:

  • Rear Tiller Adapter – The hitch is located at the front of this design. Therefore, after connection, the adapter is behind the tiller;
  • front tiller adapter – this device is equipped with a coupling mechanism located at the rear of the structure. After connecting, the adapter is in front of the tiller. Each front adapter is shipped with the steering wheel – it is required to drive the entire mini-column. Steering adapters are more complex and therefore cost slightly more than the first type..

Also, all commercially available adapters for tillers are divided among themselves according to the area of ​​application. On the market there are:

  • Shortened adapters are small fixtures that are designed to be paired with light tillers. Due to its low weight, such an adapter can be attached to one of the wheels of the tiller;
  • elongated adapters – designs of this type are used to work with heavy agricultural machines. They have a fairly large size and considerable weight..

It should be noted that adapters for tillers are divided among themselves according to the presence of a body. By this parameter, you can find the following designs on sale:

  • body adapters – their design includes a body that allows you to transport garden tools and crops over fairly long distances. Such adapters will become indispensable for sowing and harvesting;
  • bodyless adapters – such devices are not equipped with a body, therefore their tasks are completely different – they are used exclusively for soil processing.

When choosing an adapter, be sure to take into account the design features of the devices – this will allow you to purchase equipment that meets your specific requirements.

Tiller adapter – preparation and production of basic elements

Despite the simplicity of the design, making the adapter is a rather complicated procedure. To make a fixture, you first need to study the drawings. The more accurate diagrams you have at your disposal, the better the result of your work. Manufacturing will require certain tools and materials..

Be sure to prepare:

  • electric drill;
  • hammer;
  • file;
  • welding machine;
  • steel sheet, 5 mm thick;
  • several square pipes, 1 inch in diameter;
  • electric hacksaw;
  • square;
  • set of bolts and nuts.

Next, we turn to the manufacture of the main structural elements. You will need:

  • Make a hitch – it is a welded mechanism, which will later be installed in the base of the adapter frame and attached to it with bolts. The hitch consists of two pieces of square pipe welded together and one piece of water pipe, no more than 1 inch in diameter and 20 cm long each. Insert a stem with a welded tee, which is not completely pressed by the bolt, into the water pipe. Be sure to lubricate the stem with grease or grease – this will ensure free rotation of the tee along the horizontal axis when the tiller with the adapter moves over bumpy terrain;
  • To make a knot that fixes the wheels – for this take 2 pieces of pipe, 1 “in diameter and 10 cm long, and weld them perpendicular to each other. After that, insert the horizontal segment into the fixing pipe and securely fix it with the bolt. The vertical section of the pipe will serve as a place for attaching the axle and bearing with the wheel.

Having prepared the equipment, materials and having made the main elements of the adapter for the tiller, you can proceed to the assembly of the equipment. Be sure to follow the instructions in the drawings, since the slightest mistake will lead to incorrect operation of the entire structure..

How to make an adapter for Tiller Neva with your own hands

It is quite possible to make a convenient home-made adapter yourself if you have minimal skills in handling the main tool. The scheme of such a device is extremely simple and intuitive..

Tiller adapter: purpose and types of factory designs

Any attachments used during the operation of the tiller, including the Zubr, Cascade and Neva models, have specific design features. The factory attachment to the Neva tiller allows performing such operations as harrowing, cultivation, hilling, digging and mowing of grass stand. Currently, several types of adapters are produced, which are represented by the following details:

  • hitch;
  • seat for the driver behind the wheel;
  • frame construction;
  • wheels and wheel axle.

Some adapter models are equipped with a lifting arm, which makes it easier to service and trailer the body for transporting goods. A conventional coupler is used to attach to the tiller. The second hitch module allows for the connection of a lifting mechanism and attachments, as a result, the functionality is increased to the level of a mini-tractor. Such adapters successfully combine good quality and affordable cost..

The most popular are the following types of such units:

  • model “AM-2” for carrying out various agricultural works on personal plots. The presence of a special frame and a mechanism for the attachment of implements allows for convenient and simple use. The convenient swivel device makes it easy to move the tiller around the site. The dimensions of the adapter are 160x75x127 cm with a mass of 55 kg and an operating speed of no more than 3 km / h;
  • model “APM-350-1” can be used as a seat for driving short distances or for additional attachments, represented by a plow, a pair of hillers, potato planters and potato diggers. The connection is carried out by a frame with a pair of SU-4 locks. The series is equipped with an attachment pedal and a position change handle. The dimensions of the adapter are 160×70 cm at a working speed of 2-5 km / h;
  • the front adapter is characterized by a rear hitch mechanism. The rear mounting method is very convenient. This design is completely collapsible, which makes it possible to significantly simplify further transportation..
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It should be remembered that the universal adapter is most often equipped with a counterweight, as well as weights, hubs, a plow and a potato digger..

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DIY front adapter for Neva tiller

Construction device

The Tiller Adapter is a special trailer with a seat. Such a unit is made on the basis of a two-wheel frame and makes it easier to work with the tiller. You can make your own steering device, which is characterized by a rigid articulation with the tiller and the steering gear in the form of a separate unit. The steered wheelset can be located in front or behind. In the design of the movable joint, you can change the angle about the vertical axis located from the tiller to the trailer.

The main elements of the device are presented:

  • ladder or backbone frame;
  • pavement, axle, portal or rotary suspension;
  • if there is a rear location of the adapter, the attachment portal is used;
  • if there is a front location, a tiller portal or blade attachment is used;
  • a workplace for the driver;
  • steering with a rigid hitch.

The most important structural element is the coupling device, which is designed to provide the most reliable connection between the adapter and the tiller and is necessary to create the stability of the vehicle. Steering assumes a rigid hitch. The swivel device, when changing the articulation angle, needs to fasten the horizontal hinge.

Manufacturing steps

The step-by-step technology for self-manufacturing of the structure is as follows:

  • the kinematic diagram is independently developed. It is allowed to use ready-made options that are adapted to specific goals. A prerequisite is to ensure the maximum balance of the structure being created;
  • the main frame is made on the basis of a fork with a bushing, which will allow the trailer to turn freely;
  • the body is made on the basis of sheet steel. It is allowed to purchase a factory product that is suitable in size and shape. It is tedious to pay attention to the sides, the height of which should be at least 30-40 cm;
  • fixing the seat with a distance of 75-85 cm from the front of the frame;
  • installation. Hex pipe is often used for connection.

At the final stage of self-production, testing of the completed design will be performed without fail, which will allow you to detect and correct all the flaws and shortcomings. It is recommended to paint all metal parts to protect against rust..

How to make an adapter for the Neva Tiller with your own hands

It is not too difficult to make a high-quality, reliable and durable adapter for the Neva tiller with your own hands. To make such a device yourself, you will need to prepare the correct drawings, as well as familiarize yourself with the features that factory units have.

Recommendations for use

As practice shows, “Niva” goes for sale already assembled, but after purchase, before installing attachments, it is required to perform the correct adjustment of the main units. Competent preparation of equipment allows you to perform full-fledged work with the maximum use of characteristics.

Correct adjustment of the engine and the fuel system requires special attention. In accordance with the recommendations given in the instructions, the level of gasoline that enters the carburetor float chamber must be adjusted by squeezing and pressing a special reed device.

For the full operation of the engine, the valve system must be tuned. For this purpose, the carburetor is disassembled, as well as all screw connections on the upper and lower housing are unscrewed, followed by cleaning the elements. The next step is to adjust the valves using the adjusting screws..

In order for the equipment to serve as long as possible and maintain its performance, the following operating recommendations should be followed:

  • during the installation of cultivation sheds, it is necessary to control the direction of the knives in the direction of the equipment movement;
  • if in the process of agricultural work the wheels slip, then it is recommended to install additional weights;
  • it is very important to control the quality and purity of the fuel used in the tiller;
  • when starting up a cold device, it is necessary to close the air supply by means of a special valve;
  • after starting, the throttle is set to position XX, and the engine warms up for about three minutes;
  • it is strictly forbidden to set the speed to maximum values ​​at the stage of engine warm-up;
  • it is especially important to prevent oil from getting onto the surface of the air filter element during operation.

Before starting to work with adapters and tillers, it is very important to familiarize yourself with the instructions supplied by the manufacturer..

Additional Drawings of Simple Adapter

Below is a drawing of one of the most structurally simple adapters.

The following are welded to the frame made of a square profiled tube 5050 mm in size and 2 mm thick:

Drawings of key adapter assemblies

Coupling mechanism. It looks like a welded structure inserted into the main frame and bolted to it. Consists of two pieces of square pipe welded onto each other and a piece of regular “water” pipe with a gauge of 1.1.5 inches.

In the pipe, not fully inserted, clamped by a bolt, a stem with a welded on homemade tee. The stem is lubricated with grease and allows the tee to rotate along the axis, to provide a rolling effect when moving on uneven ground.

Wheel attachment assembly. The structure consists of two perpendicularly welded pipe sections. The horizontal section is inserted into the fixing pipe and bolted together. On the vertical part, an axle with a wheel is fixed (on bearings).

Other nodes of the adapter are not so important, and we will not consider them..

The purpose of the adapter

Here, I think everything is clear, there is a fairly large amount of work on the ground, which is easier, faster and more convenient to do with an adapter. And working with such attachments as a rotary tiller, in general, it is safer.

Tiller adapter design diagram

The adapter for the tiller is a kind of towing device made on the frame and having two wheels. Structurally, adapters are divided into several types, in terms of simple, they can be simple and more complex. The main types are considered universal, these are those that are able to transport goods and perform soil cultivation, and simple ones, capable of performing only soil cultivation.

For tillers of different power, different adapters are used, for a low power one, an adapter with a short drawbar is installed, for a powerful one with a long one. Also, universal adapters are equipped with additional functionality, an increase in track, lifting attachments, etc..

DIY tiller adapter drawings and dimensions

Below, there are drawings and dimensions, as well as materials necessary for the manufacture of an adapter for a tiller of complex design..

What you need when making an adapter

Below is a kinetic diagram to help balance the structure and avoid additional stress. The drawing below shows a diagram of a mini tractor made from Tiller Neva.

The engine of the power unit (2), driving the front wheels (1), transmits the torque through the chain (3) to the reverse gear (4), and from it through the cardan transmission (5) to the rear axle (6), driving rotating rear drive wheels (7).

How to make an adapter for a tiller with your own hands

We make an adapter for the tiller with our own hands

At the moment, there are several types of adapter, as a rule, their designs are similar, and are, attached to the rear of the tiller, adapt with a comfortable seat.

The adapter is made of a square metal profile, from 160 to 180 cm long. Across this profile, another one is welded, 50-60 cm in size, depending on which track you need, (wheel stands are attached to it). The height of the struts to the wheel axle from the top to the adapter wheel axle can be from 25 to 40 cm, depending on the design.

Further, braces are welded to the main metal profile and wheel hubs, they also serve as stiffeners. Their length depends on the angle of inclination relative to the entire structure and other parameters. Then, the frame structure is calculated and welded in the same way, to which the attachment will be attached. Side rails of this design are bolted to the wheel struts.

3pt Tiller conversion on the cheap

After that, a control lever is welded to the main frame, which has three knees, sizes 35, 55, 20 cm.To increase the applied force, another lever is attached to the lever, but already with dimensions of 80 cm.

Adapter seat, mounted on a support welded to the central metal profile. As you can see, making an adapter to the tiller with your own hands is not so difficult.

Adapter for Tiller Neva

Drawings and dimensions for different tillers may vary depending on the design. So for the popular models of Neva, MTZ, OKA tillers, homemade adapters can differ significantly.

By making a homemade adapter to the tiller, using various types of attachments with it, you can not only facilitate the work, but also significantly increase productivity.

Drawings and dimensions

An example of a simple circuit

The adapter will be based on a square metal profile. Usually it is taken with a length of 160 to 180 cm. A smaller profile is attached to it directly perpendicularly – 50-60 cm (depending on the size of the desired track).

Wheel stands are attached to the resulting structure. As for the racks, their size is 25-40 cm. It is determined depending on the tiller itself. Then braces are welded, the length of which is determined from the desired size of the entire structure and other parameters.

Next, a frame is created, the side rails of which are attached to the wheel struts with bolts. The attachment is subsequently attached to the frame, then the control lever. It has 3 knees in sizes 20, 35 and 55 cm.

To increase mass and effort, another lever is created with a larger size – 80 cm.

How to make an adapter to the tiller with your own hands

It is not difficult to create a homemade adapter for a tiller with your own hands, it will take time, desire and a small amount of money.

Varieties of adapters for tiller

Externally, the adapter looks like a two-wheeled trailer with a driver’s seat. When installing such a trailer, almost all work performed is automated. The tiller itself becomes practically a mini-tractor. In addition, several models have a dedicated lever that allows you to raise and lower the seat, making your work even more comfortable..

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Tiller adapters can be of several types. To make the unit yourself, you need to decide which type will be more convenient and comfortable for the owner. Depending on the type of clutch, they come with a steering and a movable joint. Depending on how the main power plant is located, there are two types: front and rear adapters.

Flexible joint adapter

With a movable joint, the angle relative to the vertical axis between the adapter and the tiller changes. It is much easier to make such a trailer, but more effort will be required when making a turn. However, this type of adapter is inferior in geometry: the turning radius, as well as its angle, is much larger.

Required materials and tools

To make a trailer yourself, you need the following materials and tools:

  • metal corners;
  • metal sheets for leg support;
  • square metal profile;
  • wheels (2 pcs.);
  • welding machine;
  • other tools (saw, screwdriver, etc.).

Steering adapter

This species is rigidly articulated with the tiller. The steering is presented as a separate unit, while options with both rear and front wheels are possible. the tiller becomes practically a self-propelled car, which is quite simple and light to operate, practically does not differ from motorcycles or cars.

Scheme and structural elements

As already mentioned, the above adapter is a trailer that is located either behind the tiller or in front. Schematically, it looks like this:

Drawing of the MTZ-0.5 tiller with homemade attachments

The tiller adapter provides the following basic structural elements:

How to make an adapter to the tiller with your own hands

Owner reviews

Sergey Petrovich, 53 years old, farmer

For several years, when using the tiller, I had to walk behind it all the time and hold it by the handle. Our site is located at a great distance from the house. Therefore, on the advice of friends, we purchased an adapter that is equipped with a steering and a seat. Now it has become convenient to work. Labor productivity has increased. In addition, with the new attachment, crops can be transported over long distances..

Victor, 42 years old, summer resident

We experienced great difficulties in clearing snow in winter. For this purpose, we used a tiller and a snow blower that is attached to it. My neighbor helped me make the drawings and assemble the design of the tiller adapter. After the construction of the device, the snow removal work became much easier. The trailer turned out to be durable and reliable.

Tiller adapter features

The adapter is a special attachment for driving a trailer. Using it, you can drive a tiller and work the soil at the same time..

Tiller adapter to turn it into a mini tractor

Working with the tiller will be much easier if you use an adapter. You can change the attachments, depending on what kind of work you need to do – hilling, planting, weeding, transportation. With the help of this device, all processes will be doubled..

This unit allows you to sit comfortably on the seat with which it is equipped. Now you can do household chores, but with more comfort. There are steering adapters on the market. However, you can make them yourself..

With movable joint

Such units are also called a break adapter. It is the lightest and most economical device to manufacture. The movable clutch is located at the front. The disadvantage is that you have to turn the entire mechanism, without using additional control. Because of this, the radius and angle of rotation will be larger..

Recommendations for use

Regardless of the type of assembled and connected product, you need to start working with it taking into account the safety rules. Before starting the engine, you need to conduct a visual inspection of the equipment to exclude visible damage and malfunctions. Do not add fuel to the fuel tank when the engine is running.

If, when turning on, an abnormal noise is heard, you need to stop the engine and identify the cause of the problem..

Do not use inappropriate gasoline or fuel mixed with oil and other impurities. Before each start, you need to check the oil level, since this is often the reason for the engine to stop..

In order to extend the service life of motor vehicles, a new product must be run-in. It will contribute to the trouble-free functioning of the tiller..

In the process, the working surfaces of the parts are usually worked out. The running-in duration, as a rule, differs for products of different brands and modifications. In some varieties, it can be up to 20 hours or more. At this time, you should not load the equipment to the maximum volume..

One recommendation is to change the oil after the first five hours of operation. As for warming up the engine, this should be done at medium speed without load for about three minutes.

Based on the modification of the tiller, the first hours of its operation need to operate the unit in first gear (with the middle position of the throttle lever). It is important to try to avoid not only the maximum, but also the minimum speed. At the end of the use of the technique, you need to check the tightness of the threaded connections..

As for the cultivated soil, it is better to cultivate uncomplicated soil in the first hours. In addition, it must be taken into account that they do not run in on stony and clay soil..

Before work, you need to inspect the site and remove stones, as well as large debris. In general, when working with motor vehicles, you need to constantly monitor the maintenance of its cleanliness, check the fastening strength of the available adapter and tiller elements, including attachments.

We must not forget to tighten the weakening of the fasteners. You also need to remember about timely maintenance..

Front and rear adapters

The front adapter is similar in design to the steering adapter. However, the clutch mechanism is located at the back. This type of construction is very convenient, since it can be disassembled and easily transported..

In the rear, the layout is opposite to the front one – the hitch is in front of the unit, respectively, the adapter itself is at the back.

The front one is most often used in those works where the strength of the unit plays a key role, namely, digging, loosening.

Attention! The rear one is perfect for hilling, as the operator must closely monitor the process.

Wheels

There are 2 types of wheels – metal and rubber. The former are used for heavy types of work in the field. The latter are designed for driving on a dirt road.

Types of adapters

Depending on the attachment to the device, the tillers can be:

  • rear – the hitch is located in the front, and therefore the adapter itself is in the rear;
  • front – hitch – in the rear, respectively, it is located in front of the unit, but with a steering wheel.

For the area of ​​use:

  • shortened – small in size. Used with units designed for light work;
  • elongated – oversized and heavy, used with heavy type tillers.

Depending on the selected tiller, you can choose an adapter suitable for him
Depending on the body:

  • body – there is a body for transporting goods of different dimensions;
  • bodyless – used exclusively for clutching the tiller.

In addition to the above classification, they can also be conditionally divided into simple and universal. The latter are used, in addition to their direct purpose, also for the transportation of goods..

Conversion of Tiller Oka into a mini tractor

Owners of Oka heavy tillers often resort to improving their equipment by converting their tiller into a mini-tractor. For such a modification, it is better to take the heaviest models, such as the MB-1D1M1 “Oka” tiller, the engine capacity is 8 liters. from.

Less powerful tillers “Oka” MB-1D1M13 and MB-1D1M14 (capacity 6 and 7 hp) can also be subject to alteration.

EMK module

This is a simpler design from KaDvi, equipped with a seat that allows you not only to ride the trailer, but also to attach various attachments to it. The riding module is distinguished by high ergonomics, the controls are conveniently located in close proximity to the tiller operator.

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Overview of motoblock adapters aggregated with Oka

The design of the motoblock adapter is very simple:

  • drawbar (lengthened or shortened);
  • pair of wheels;
  • seat;
  • double hitch.

There are several types of these attachments:

  • Front adapter for tiller Oka.
  • Rear motoblock adapter.

The tiller can be controlled by pedals or levers.

The following brands of adapters are aggregated to Tiller Oka:

  • AMPK-500 (from KaDvi).
  • Forza (front).
  • EMK module and others.

Let’s consider each construction more fully..

Trailer TM-360 and TM-500

They are also single-axle trailers used to transport various loads with a carrying capacity of 360 and 500 kg. The trolley is completely collapsible (the sides are folded out), there is a dump truck function.

Forza front adapter to Oka tiller

This attachment is the brainchild of the Forza brand and is aggregated with various tillers, including Oka. The adapter is attached to the front of the tiller, turning it into a mini tractor.

The design is completely collapsible, the steering wheel of an automobile type serves for control. For the operator’s convenience, the attachment is equipped with a headlamp, which allows working in the evening. Collapsible front adapter weighs 65 kg.

AMPK-500 characteristics:

Length 2550 mm
Height with wheels 1350 mm
Width 1070 mm

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Description

In this article, we present reviews of trailers and adapters for the tiller from KaDviOKA, as well as options for converting the OKA tiller into a mini tractor. Any attachment, including trailer and adapter, is designed to facilitate agricultural work for the owner of the tiller.

Agree – you can manually control the tiller, spending energy on your own movement, holding the tiller in the desired position and controlling its movement. And you can further simplify agricultural work by attaching a nozzle called an adapter to the tiller, which will already allow you to control the unit while sitting, spending effort only on switching levers and pedals. Work will go faster and more efficiently.

Trailed trolleys for Tiller Oka

The trailer trolley is a drawbar on which the following are fixed:

  • pair of wheels;
  • trailer (body);
  • seat;
  • coupling mechanism.

A trailer is used to transport various goods (bulk, piece, etc.). Trailers can be either manually unloaded or equipped with a dump truck function. The lifting capacity can vary from 200 to 1500 kg. For Tiller Oka, the most acceptable option is trailed trolleys with a carrying capacity of up to 500 kg..

Let’s take a closer look at some models of prefabricated trailers:

  • PMG 300-1.
  • TM-360.
  • TM-500.