DIY circular from tiller

Table of Contents:

We make a tiller with our own hands using the example of a design from Valentin Arkhipov

circular, tiller

It is not an easy task to process a plot with a large area, where a significant part of the territory is set aside for a vegetable garden, using only improvised tools. Loosening, digging, and weeding the garden by hand takes a lot of time and effort. It’s good when there is an opportunity to purchase a tiller, which will become an indispensable assistant on the site. But to facilitate the work on the ground, you can also make a tiller with your own hands.

How this whole thing works. video example

An illustrative example of a tiller application:

Step-by-step device assembly technology

The assembly of the structure begins with the arrangement of the running shaft. To do this, a housing with bearings is attached to it, an asterisk is welded on and overrunning clutches are mounted, which, during operation, will perform the function of a differential. After that, the structure is equipped with wheels and a frame. A telescopic rod, plow and rudder are installed on the fixed frame.

The main elements of the travel shaft: 1. shaft, 2. sprocket, 3. cover, 4. bearing housing, 5. support platform, 6. bearing No. 308, 7. overrunning clutch housing, 8. dog axle, 9. dog, 10. ratchet, 11. bearing No. 307, 12. washers, 13. wheel, 14. pawl spring

The agricultural tiller is equipped with special wheels, which, unlike rubber analogs, are able to provide better grip.

These metal wheels are not clogged with earth. When in contact with the ground, they do not compact it, but rather loosen it

To connect the frame of the unit with the engine mount and the frame of the scooter itself, two arcuate pipes are used. Between them there is a place for placing a fuel tank.

To equip the engine, a bracket is used, ending with a steel axle with a length of 150 mm. The bracket is welded cantilever to the U-shaped frame of the structure. A motor with a suspension is suspended on the axle itself. The assembled structure is connected to the arched arches of the frame. Only after that the secondary shaft is mounted, the control cables are pulled and the chains are pulled.

The main elements of the control unit: 1. connecting axle, 2. strip, 3. pipe, 4. handles

Connecting elements of the structure: 1. main link, 2. control link

What is good about this particular design?

There are more than a dozen analogs of such a model, but in comparison with them, the original model of the tiller of the Kaluga master has a number of undeniable advantages.

  • Swivel connection. Most of these machines are rigidly connected to the processing tools and tractors, which makes it difficult to maneuver the machine and thus make it difficult to work with it. The details of this agricultural unit are connected by means of hinges. This makes it possible to change the direction of movement during work, if necessary, without removing the plow from the furrow.
  • Offset of the axis to the direction of travel. Many owners, when cultivating the soil using a tiller, faced such a difficulty that in the process of moving forward under the influence of soil resistance, the unit is pulled to the side. A lot of effort should be made to align the furrow. To compensate for such a skid, the foreman positioned the plow axis at a slight angle towards the direction of travel. When plowing, the structure is slightly turned to the left. The desired position can always be adjusted with the three link pivots.
  • Level of the set plowing depth. If in other models the plowing depth is maintained by lowering or raising the plow, then when working with this tiller it is done automatically. Regulation is carried out by changing the angle of the plow in relation to the furrow. The structure is equipped with a field board, which acts as a lifting force when burying the plow. If, on the contrary, a ploughshare appears above the surface of the earth, then its angle of attack immediately increases, under the action of which it again plunges into the ground to a given depth.

Unit design features

The tiller’s device is a self-propelled car on two wheels, equipped with an engine removed from a VP-150M scooter. The reason for choosing this particular engine was that it has such a design solution, thanks to which forced cooling of the cylinder head with air is carried out.

Such a motor from a scooter is capable of operating at the lowest speeds at fairly high loads.

For the construction of the tiller, the master used control cables, engine mounts, and also a double arc of the frame, handle and chain taken from the scooter. The rest of the construction details were manufactured

Separately, the designer made a U-shaped frame welded from pipes and a wheel axle turned on a lathe. He also made 3 homemade hinges for the main and control rods. They will be used as connecting elements between the tiller itself, its rudder and the plow.

A steel pipe is attached to the frame of the unit by welding, ending with an axis, which is necessary to tension the cables going to the engine gearbox. The tension itself is carried out by means of a swinging rocker arm, the gearshift knob of which is a welded piece of steel pipe.

The pitch of the chains used to create the device is 12.7 mm and 15.9 mm. The number of teeth in the sprockets: output shaft. 11, output shaft. 20 and 60, travel axle. 40.

We build a tiller according to the instructions from Arkhipov

What can you generally build on your own?

The factory-made tiller market offers customers a fairly wide range of products for every taste. However, the for such agricultural machinery are far from being able to be mastered by many. Therefore, in the gardens in rural areas, you can often find a homemade tiller, which, in terms of operational parameters, is not nearly inferior to the factory analogue.

Craftsmen often use parts of old motorcycles and scrap metal when creating universal designs.

Morally outdated motorcycle models often serve as the basis for the manufacture of various homemade products and small-scale mechanization tools useful in the economy.

Since homemade tillers are often created from improvised old materials, the Druzhba saw motor, which is well-known to many, is often used as the engine of the unit.

On the basis of homemade tillers, craftsmen create tools that are no less important in agriculture, for example: plows, as well as hillers for hilling corn or potatoes

One of these masters is the inventor Valentin Arkhipov, who is the author of the manufacture of a number of useful devices and the construction of all kinds of household equipment.

A talented designer has created a multifunctional device with which you can not only plow and harrow the land, but also plant, huddle tuberous crops, as well as harvest and rake the tops

Therefore, thinking over how to make a tiller with your own hands, it is better to opt for this proven and successfully applied option. Anyone can handle a simple and easy-to-use agricultural unit.

Making a homemade electric chiller

Such an assistant is very useful in the household, and if an electric tiller is made with your own hands, then it is twice as pleasant for them to work, it helps to carry out light work on cultivating and loosening the soil in the personal plot. Compared to gasoline models, they are not as versatile and powerful, but endowed with their own advantages.

They weigh less, make less noise, are more economical to use, environmentally friendly and much cheaper than gasoline models. For a person who is completely unfamiliar with the technology, the operation and maintenance of electric chillers will not raise questions.

How to make an electric tiller with your own hands

Electricity is used in closed rooms or in areas limited in area. The ability to access the power grid is the only condition for their use. If the model is rechargeable, then the lack of an electrical network will not be an obstacle. When using the electric cooler, try not to overheat the engine, let it cool down.

It is also not recommended to use it on unplowed and heavy soils, thanks to which you will achieve an extension of its service life. Electric power units are equipped with additional functions that greatly facilitate the work of the operator.

For example, the service life will be extended by the automatic shutdown function when the engine overheats. Adjustable handle allows you to place it under the operator.

Let’s consider the design of the Electrokrot electric heater, made by hand from its gasoline predecessor. First, we will consider the advantages of the resulting electric chiller. it is easier and easier to repair and operate, the absence is needed in gasoline. Also, this model is assembled by hand, and common parts and materials that are easy to find are used.

Homemade electric tiller

To make an electric tiller with our own hands, we start work from the frame using two pieces of channel 0 and a corner 32×32.
We prepare two pieces of pipe by installing a bronze insert with a hole. An axis will pass through these holes. We weld pipes on both sides of the frame. Further, an insert is fastened through the pipe walls with screws. It can also serve as a plain bearing.

Although for this, ball bearings matched to the diameter of the pipe are better suited. Brackets are welded to the upper tube to attach the handles. And the bracket for attaching the cultivator or plow holder is welded in the middle of the pipe.
With the help of screws on the frame, a platform is installed in the slots of the side ribs. The electric motor will be mounted on the holes that are available at the platform.

The pulley of the electric motor is connected by a belt drive by a pulley on an axle, which is installed in the frame tube. An asterisk is superimposed on the other side of the axis. She, using a chain transmission, gives movement to the sprocket, which is located below. The chain drive uses a motorcycle or bicycle chain.

The movement of a home-made electric chiller is due to a device for cultivating the land. The curved knives are fixed to a square plate and are held in place by a key on the lower shaft. When they rotate, the soil is loosened and moved forward due to bends.
The chain drive and belt drive allow the engine speed to be reduced. Using the ratio of sprockets and pulleys, you can achieve 200 or 1000 rpm.

To control the movement, handles are attached to the bracket, on one of which the switch button is placed. To connect the engine to the electrical network, a coil with a wound wire is placed on the axis between the handles. To form and process the bed, you need to attach a holder to the frame, on which the land-working tools will be installed.

The only drawback of a homemade electric chiller is being tied to a wire, and, accordingly, to a power source. After all, he will not be able to move more than 50 meters from the network. Although this is quite enough for processing a personal plot.

Product design

The adapter looks like a cart with a seat, made on a single axle frame. It is needed to universalize the device. Thanks to him, a semblance of a mini tractor can be made from the device. As a result, the labor intensity of tasks in agriculture is greatly reduced.

It should be noted that the adapter for the Neva tiller may differ from the adapter for the MTZ tiller, since the former are of 2 types: elongated and short.

In addition to the seat, the adapter has two couplings and a frame. One hitch provides the use of various devices: plows, diggers, harrows, and others. And the second is necessary for the contact of the adapter and the device.

It should be noted that steering adapters can be of two types:

  • bodyless. used only for working with soil;
  • bodywork. for freight transport and agricultural work.

Short-bed adapters can only be used for lightweight tillers, long-bed adapters can be used for heavy-duty.

How to make an adapter to a tiller: instructions from a farmer

Tiller is an economical tractor option for small-volume jobs. Such a device is most often used to cultivate land in a country house or on a plot of a private house. It does not take up much space, it allows you to perform many procedures, for example, the whole range of measures for planting and harvesting potatoes. As a result, the unit enjoys great success among the villagers.

Transformation stages

  • It is best to use a ready-made drawing of the kinematic diagram of the minitractor to ensure proper balance. To do this, you can use the data of the tiller Neva adapter with a steering wheel.
  • The frame is created. For the trailer to turn, the structure must have a fork with a bushing.
  • Body creation. A sheet of steel is used. Manufacturing of a structure involves the construction of boards with a height of more than 30 cm.
  • The seat is mounted using bolts at a distance of about 80 cm from the beginning of the frame.
  • Installation of equipment for work.
  • Quality control.
  • Painting the required parts.
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Instructions

So, let’s figure out how to make an adapter. We make its base from a profile pipe (1.7 m. length), to which we weld the pipe (0.5 m. length) perpendicularly. The wheel fixing stands will be connected to the latter. The distance from the wheel axle to the top of the rack is 30 cm. The wheels can be taken from the garden carriage; bearings are put on its bushings. To do this, the bushings will have to be bored so that they fit the size.

Then we fix the braces, the length of which depends on the required angle. We weld them to the main pipe and to the wheel hubs. Next, we are engaged in welding the frame for an additional device. We attach the frame pipes located on the side to the wheel stands. To do this, we use bolts of a certain size that will withstand the expected loads.

We attach a channel at the rear of the frame (practice shows that it is better to use 0) using welding. The rear channel and the pipes located on the side are made 40 cm long.This allows you to get a square frame. A lever with 3 “knees” is also attached to it by welding, the length of which is 19, 30, and also 50 cm. To increase the applied force, another 75 cm long is welded to the side of the lever.

Such a structure moves quite well on different soil. In its front part there is a do-it-yourself coupling or purchase. A self-made snow blade can also be attached to the adapter.

In addition to the main pipe, a metal “leg” must be welded to position the seat.

Scheme

Let’s give a drawing of the adapter to the tiller in order to clearly understand its structure and general view. The standard device includes the following components and mechanisms:

  • coupling elements;
  • seat;
  • wheelbase;
  • frame.

A homemade adapter to the tiller must have the necessary level of reliability so that you can safely sit in it and perform all the necessary manipulations.

The constituent elements that will be required to create a structure with your own hands, as in

It is both pleasant and economical to create designs on your own.

Indeed, by creating an adapter, as in the photo, with your own hands, you can save a little money, especially if all the component parts are in stock, you do not need to buy them. And as a result of the work done, you can get great pleasure from both the process and the result in the form of a convenient, practical adapter for any of the commercially available tillers. This will greatly facilitate many of the processes that have to be done manually, working the land. Consequently, efficiency will increase significantly and more time will be saved.

How to make a mini tractor from MTZ tiller?

To remake Tillers of this brand, you should also take into account their design and capabilities. MTZ units have a sufficiently high power, which makes it possible to make a full-fledged tracked mini-tractor out of them. It will be distinguished by high cross-country ability and excellent grip, due to which the quality of plowing the soil of such a machine will be several times higher than that of wheeled mini-tractors.

Before starting work, be sure to study the drawings, in which you will find all the information required for the alteration. The procedure for assembling a mini tractor is as follows:

  • First put the tiller into mower operation;
  • Then completely dismantle the front platform of the unit;
  • Install a caterpillar drive in the front of the mini-tractor being manufactured;
  • Install an adjusting rod in the niche for mounting the steering rod. This element will increase the rigidity of the entire structure;
  • Weld the driver’s seat to the top of the frame;
  • Next to the motor, arrange a platform for mounting the battery and hydraulic valve.

Such a manufacturing method is suitable for converting MTZ 05, MTZ 09 and MTZ 12 tillers into small tractors. Each of them has a sufficient power reserve to work together with a trailer and attachments at the same time.

Mini tractor from Tiller Neva

Converting a tiller into a small tractor may be slightly different. It all depends on the design features of the tiller and his abilities. Consider the principle of making a mini-tractor from Neva tillers.

As in the first case, before making a minitractor, you need to study the diagrams. They detail the dimensions of the elements and the order of their installation during assembly. The procedure for rework will be as follows:

  • The frame is made in the same way as in the first case. To create it, use pipes of different sections. Fastening of the frame elements is carried out by means of bolts and welding;
  • Next, proceed to the manufacture and installation of the chassis. To mount the rear wheels, use an additional axle, which can be made from steel pipe. Press the bearings and bushings into both ends of the latter, which will be equipped with the rear wheels;
  • Further, the tractor from the Tiller Neva must be equipped with a motor. over, the engine can be installed both in the front and in the rear of the frame. In the second case, the front and rear wheelbase of the mini tractor will need to be expanded;

In the end, the self-made unit will remain equipped with a driver’s seat, lighting devices and side lights. Due to its small size, the finished tractor will have high maneuverability, which will allow it to be used effectively in hard-to-reach places.

Mini tractor from Tiller Bison

Tillers of this brand have a reliable and powerful enough motor, the presence of which allows the unit to be converted into an all-wheel drive minitractor. Before starting work, be sure to study the detailed drawings, and also buy steel sheets, pipes and corners. The procedure for manufacturing a mini tractor is as follows:

  • When arranging the frame, you will need to expand the existing tiller frame. This is necessary in order to install additional wheels. Cut the corners and pipes into suitable pieces, then weld them to each other;
  • The front beam on the mini tractor is mounted by means of a ready-made hub equipped with brakes. Wheels in the front of the unit must correspond to the size of the rear wheels, or be slightly larger than the latter. this will prevent the mini-tractor from “burrowing” when driving over rough terrain;
  • Then install the tiller motor. It is best to mount it at the front to achieve the best balance of the overall structure;
  • Weld the towbar to the rear of the finished mini-tractor. it will be required for mounting the trailer.

A home-made mini-tractor, made on the basis of the Zubr tiller, will be able to cope with a number of the most difficult economic tasks: plowing the soil, mowing grass, collecting and transporting crops.

Do-it-yourself mini tractor from a tiller. manufacturing procedure

Before you start making a mini tractor based on a tiller, you will need to prepare the materials necessary for work. The conversion kit includes:

  • welding machine;
  • screwdrivers and wrenches;
  • electric drill and a set of various drills;
  • angle grinder and a set of discs for working with metal;
  • set of nuts and bolts.

Suitable drawings will help to correctly assemble a tractor from a tiller. In them you will find information about the order in which to connect the parts and what method of fastening is suitable for their reliable installation. Converting a tiller into a mini tractor is performed in the following order:

  • A mini tractor based on a tiller must be equipped with a strong, reliable frame. It must withstand an additional pair of wheels, plus the load transported in the tractor will press on the supporting structure. For making a solid frame, pipes or metal corners are best. Be sure to keep in mind that the heavier the frame, the better the adhesion of the mini tractor to the road, and the better the plowing of the soil will be. The thickness of the frame walls is also not very important. the main thing is that they do not bend under the pressure of the transported cargo. You can cut the blanks for making the frame using an angle grinder. Then all the parts are connected to each other first by means of bolts, after which they are finally welded to each other. To make the frame stronger and more reliable, equip it with a crossbeam;
  • Immediately after the frame has been manufactured, it can be equipped with a hitch, by means of which the small tractor will be equipped with additional accessories. The hitch can be installed both in the front and in the rear of the supporting structure. If in the future the minitractor being manufactured is planned to be used in tandem with a trailer, then a hitch should be welded to the rear of its frame;
  • At the next stage, the homemade product is equipped with front wheels. For this, the mini-tractor being manufactured is best equipped with two ready-made hubs with brakes provided on them. Next, you need to fix the wheels themselves. To do this, take a piece of steel pipe, the diameter of which fits the front axle. Next, attach the wheel hubs to the pipe. Drill a hole in the central part of the pipe, which is necessary for mounting the product to the front of the frame. Then install the tie rods and adjust them in relation to the frame by means of a worm gear. After installing the gearbox, install the steering column. The axle at the rear of the manufactured tractor is mounted through pressed-in bearing bushings. Wheels used should be no more than 15 inches in diameter. Smaller parts will lead to the “burying” of the unit with the front part, and larger wheels will significantly impair the maneuverability of the mini tractor;
  • The next step is to equip the minitractor with a tiller engine. It is best to mount the motor at the front of the machine, as this will improve the balance of the agricultural machine when operating with a loaded trailer. Establish a secure mounting system to mount the motor. When installing the motor, do not forget that the power take-off shaft must be secured coaxially with the pulley located on the rear axle of the mini-tractor. The force on the wheels must be carried out by means of a belt drive. details about converting a tiller into a mini tractor will be described in the video.

A self-made tractor will remain equipped with a reliable braking system and a high-quality hydraulic valve, which is necessary for the proper operation of the unit with attachments.

Mini tractor from a tiller: 4 do-it-yourself manufacturing option

Many tiller owners often think about upgrading their agricultural equipment. In fact, it will not be difficult to improve the available unit, and make a full-fledged mini-tractor out of it. However, you will be required to study the recommendations and follow the procedure. this will give you the opportunity to get an effective homemade mini tractor that will be able to solve absolutely all the tasks assigned to it.

Mini tractor from Tiller Agro

Before you start reworking the tillers of this brand, you should stock up on material and the necessary tools. To work you will need:

  • sheets and profiles of stainless steel;
  • seat and steering wheel. can be removed from an old car;
  • a pair of wheels. their diameter should not exceed 15 ”;
  • a set of fasteners;
  • angle grinder and electric drill;
  • hammer and welding machine.

After preparing everything you need, we advise you to study the diagrams that will tell you the correct procedure for installing the tractor elements. We also advise you to see photos that will certainly help you in the manufacture of an agricultural unit.
Unlike the tillers of the manufacturers listed above, the Agro brand equipment has one significant drawback, which must be taken into account when converting a tiller into a mini tractor. It lies in the fact that the tiller axis has very weak fracture strength. This kind of fracture will certainly affect if you exceed the maximum permissible load on the mini-tractor frame. To avoid further malfunction, the mini tractor will need to be equipped with wheel gears.

The procedure for assembling the unit is as follows:

  • The first step is to weld a sturdy tractor frame. To do this, use steel profiles and pipes. Be sure to keep in mind that the heavier the frame made, the better the adhesion of the minitractor to the ground will be. At the rear of the supporting structure, weld the tow hitch, which is required to hitch the trailer to the unit;
  • Then proceed to the manufacture and arrangement of the minitractor undercarriage. To do this, you can purchase a pair of ready-made front wheels, as well as hubs equipped with brakes. After purchasing the parts, attach the hubs to the steel pipe, and drill the holes in the front of the frame that will be required to mount the hubs to the mini tractor. Next, install the steering rods using a worm gear. After the rods, secure the steering column and rear axle. When installing the latter in the bushings used for mounting, press in the bearings. Install a pulley on the rear axle and secure the wheels;
  • Then mount the engine to the front of the frame. We advise you to do this by means of an additional frame placed on special shock absorbers. this will avoid strong vibrations at high loads on the motor;
  • Next, install the driver’s seat on the mini-tractor, connecting it to the frame through the springs. thanks to them, it will be much more convenient to work with the mini-tractor.

If you wish, your hand-made compact tractor can be equipped with a canopy that protects you from rain and sun. To make it, 4 steel pipes must be welded to the frame next to the seat and steering column, to which a steel sheet must be fixed by spot welding. As a result, you will get a reliable unit for a summer residence, which will quickly cope with all the tasks assigned to it.

Everything can be adjusted if you turn it in your hands for a long time.

Homemade world

Machine tools

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  • Homemade circular saw
  • Circular from “Angle Grinder”
  • Homemade drilling machine
  • Homemade pipe bending machine
  • Homemade saw and cutter sharpening machine
  • Machine for making foam parts
  • Drilling machine from dremel
  • Dremel copying machine
  • Universal 3D router
  • Lathe with foot drive
  • Lathe tools
  • Working on a wood lathe
  • Mini lathe from dremel
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Circular saw based on the universal tiller

Universal tiller. the module we built is not only suitable for transport. Its engine with a capacity of up to 2 hp. can successfully work in another field. For example, it will drive a circular saw. Power is enough to cut a board up to 50 mm thick and 20 mm chipboard, fiberboard. And you will appreciate the advantage already at the beginning of construction, when electricity has not yet been supplied to the garden plot.

The basis of the machine is a solid table, connected from wooden blocks with a section of 80×60 mm and a length of about 650 mm, as well as boards with a section of 120×40 mm. All assembly is carried out on screws, but better. on bolts and nuts with M6 threads. Before assembly, wooden parts are additionally lubricated with glue. carpentry, casein or epoxy for strength.
The table top is cut from a whole 12.15 mm plywood sheet or 20 mm chipboard. Its dimensions are 1000×550 mm.
The power unit is located under the table and is mounted on a 120×40 mm cross-section board using a horizontal hinge consisting of two forks pre-bent from steel strips 4 mm thick and 80 mm wide. They are connected to each other using a long M8 threaded bolt or threaded rod with nuts and washers. One of the forks is attached to the cross member, the other to the docking flange of the power unit.
The spindle is a housing with bearings and a shaft. The easiest way for this purpose is to use a knot from an old bicycle, which rotates the pedals and a large sprocket. Cut it off the frame carefully with a hacksaw and take it apart. You will not need a bicycle sprocket. it will have to be replaced with another. from the D6 or D8 engine And so that it fits snugly on the shaft, grind the adapter sleeve on a lathe. Specify its dimensions locally. Weld the sprocket to the bushing according to the figure.
It is more difficult to mount a circular saw on the spindle. Here it will be necessary to take into account the diameter of the bore of the circular saw and, accordingly, determine the outer diameter of the adapter threaded sleeve. The sleeve is attached to the spindle at two or three welding points through the holes drilled in the wall. The saw is finally attached to the bushing with a nut with a locknut.
Weld a plate made of steel sheet with a thickness of 4-5 mm to the body of the spindle assembly and attach it to the tabletop with screws.
Install an additional sprocket on the shaft of the power unit, the diameter of which is 2.5 times larger than that installed on the spindle. Make sure that both sprockets are exactly in the same plane. The length of the chain is chosen so that the power unit is horizontal. If it turns out that the horizontal hinge is loose after assembly, secure the power unit at the back with two cables. they will prevent it from moving to the right or left.
The rotational speed of the saw blade is controlled by a pedal (see Fig.) Connected by a cable to the carburetor throttle valve. The pedal is bent from steel sheet 2.5 mm thick and is pivotally attached to the table leg on an M10 threaded rod with nuts and washers. The sheath of the cable is fixed on a stop bent from a steel strip with a cross section of 30×3 mm. The pedal pad is covered with corrugated rubber.
We warn you that a fast rotating saw can cause injury if handled roughly. Therefore, strictly follow the safety measures. The working area should be equipped with a movable cover that covers the saw during operation. The casing is bent from sheet metal or duralumin and is mounted on a lever hinged to the side of the table. When sawing a board on slats, feed it into the working area not by hand, but with a pusher — a wooden block with a length of at least 300 mm.
Working on a machine driven by an internal combustion engine is different from electric ones. This is due to the need to use the throttle pedal. Therefore, remember, before feeding the workpiece, you should fully gain speed by pressing the “gas” pedal all the way. And during work, you will have to correlate the feed force, the spindle speed and the optimal pedal position all the time.
It would be nice to equip the machine with a collection of sawdust. Make a box of roofing iron and set it at a slight slope under the disc. Make sure that the carburetor air intake hose is not in
dusty area. Otherwise, the engine will often stop, and its service life will decrease. Also, try to position the machine so that the engine is constantly blown by the wind.

N.Papiny, engineer
Source: Lefty 1991.

Circular saw based on a universal tiller: 1. leg of the bed (wooden block with a section of 60×80 mm); 2. longitudinal element of the base of the bed (board with a section of 40×120 mm), 3. table top (plywood sheet 12.15 mm thick or chipboard 20 mm thick (dimensions. 550×1000 mm); 4. sleeve-roller chain of the machine spindle drive; 5. disc saw; 6. universal power tiller based on a B50 or B-501 engine; 7. carburetor throttle cable; 8. pivot of the power unit suspension joint (bolt or threaded rod M8 with nuts and washers); 9. fastening the spindle to the tabletop (M6 screws with nuts and washers); 10. spindle axis (modified pedal shaft of a bicycle carriage); 11. circular saw attachment nut; 12. washers-spacers; 13. spindle mounting bracket (steel strip 4 mm thick); 14. bearing spindle body (bicycle carriage body); 15. driven spindle spindle (modified spindle from D6 or D8 engine); 16. retainer; 17. axis of the carburetor throttle actuator pedal (steel threaded rod M10 with nuts and and washers); 18. cable stop (steel strip 3 mm thick and 30 mm wide); 14. a returnable spring of a pedal; 20. throttle valve drive pedal (gas pedal); 21 — pad (corrugated rubber); 22. screw; 23, 27. fork of the hinge of the suspension of the power unit (steel strip with a section of 4×80 mm); 24. bolts with M8 thread and nuts for fastening the fork to the power unit; 25. cross member of the bed (board with a cross section of 40×120 mm); 26. screws

The scheme is as follows:

There are other options for making a set-top box on the Internet that use a belt drive and three-ribbed pulleys. in this case, the engine from the tiller is not dismantled.

We offer you to watch a video about the work of a homemade circular with a drive from a tiller:

Is it possible to make a homemade circular with an engine from a tiller

On the Internet, you can find many diagrams and descriptions for creating a circular attachment to the tiller yourself. One option is to use a plank table. The structure is connected together using bolted connections. In this case, the motor is disconnected from the tiller and fixed directly under the tabletop on the transverse board. A specially made hinge will securely anchor the power unit in a pre-marked position on the bed.

You will also need a spindle from a bicycle and a D8 or D6 sprocket from the motor. Naturally, you will need a shaft, a bushing, a metal plate 4-5 mm thick and the circular saw itself.

Description

A saw from a tiller is a reality that has made it possible to further expand the functionality of this agrotechnical equipment. Now, having in your arsenal only one tiller and various attachments, you can cope with any task at your summer cottage.

So, for example, using a circular saw attachment for a tiller, you can process wooden beams for construction and harvest firewood.

Varieties of circular saws for tiller

There are two types of attachments:

  • factory models;
  • homemade consoles.

To date, it is quite problematic to find a factory circular attachment for a tiller on sale, therefore, most owners of motorized agrotechnical devices prefer to make such equipment with their own hands.

Advantages of motoblock circular saws

Let’s name a few compelling advantages that affect the choice of owners of summer cottages and private houses:

  • Ability to perform various carpentry work without access to the mains.
  • The mobility of the device. it can be quickly mounted, and just as quickly disassembled, sawing construction materials directly near the workpieces.
  • Profitability. the owner of the tiller makes the most of the unit, without spending on other target equipment, which will also require investments.
  • Compact dimensions. a nozzle, it is always less than a full-fledged device, so it does not take up much space during storage.

It is worth paying attention to the performance of the tiller engine, it is she who will provide the necessary power to the circular attachment, powered by a walk-behind tractor, and not from the usual electric motor.

It is best to use units with a capacity of 3, 4 and higher horsepower. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that professional circulars operate from a 3-kilowatt electric motor, and 1 kW is 1.35962 horsepower.

Manual circulars, designed for short cutting of thin boards, have enough power of 1.5-2 kW. Therefore, based on the planned work, we also select a working body with the appropriate characteristics.

Saw from a tiller. Advantages of motoblock circular saws

Anton, 32 years old:

My tiller has a power of 5.5 liters. from. adapted it for the time of construction (a new shed was built) as a circular saw. I suffered a little, read Internet forums and made such a prefix. I cut the boards without any problems. Later, when the construction was finished, he cut firewood (we love to indulge in the living heat of the fireplace, and to heat the bathhouse). The idea turned out to be successful, I did not have to spend money on a chain saw. everything was done by Tiller.

Oleg, 29 years old:

On the advice of my brother, I made a circular to the Tiller. It turned out. the necessary device in the economy: here and cut the branches, and saw the boards. I welded a small tabletop, the tiller is connected by a belt drive, installation and dismantling takes very little time.

How to make electric power Tiller Machine for Agriculture

Anatoly, 49 years old:

When choosing an option, I preferred a design with a non-removable motor. you rarely use a saw, it takes longer to assemble and disassemble. I use a three-groove pulley and belts. I quickly put it on and the work began to boil, just as quickly I disconnected the attachment and went to plow. The construction turned out to be light, so I move it as needed when and where I need to (it is faster to transport the tiller than to pull the boards one by one). I’m satisfied with my work.

Homemade circular machine with a tiller engine. The world of homemade products. homemade circular saw. How to make a homemade circular

A saw from a tiller is a reality that has made it possible to further expand the functionality of this agrotechnical equipment. Now, having in your arsenal only one tiller and various attachments, you can cope with any task at your summer cottage.

So, for example, using a circular saw attachment for a tiller, you can process wooden beams for construction and harvest firewood.

Adjustable side stop

It is possible to put a high-quality stop from a steel corner with a section of about 80 mm, which is 3. 4 cm longer than the table structure. The flat sides of the corner are bent down so that their width is one and a half cm more than the thickness of the table. After installation, the emphasis is fixed on a homemade circular table in a predetermined position with bolts. The adjustment of this element is carried out according to the template placed between it and the cutter.

The shaft installed on the circular is the most critical unit, therefore, only a specialist using special equipment should be engaged in turning and testing it together with a disc. A product made from a pipe with a casually fixed circle is excluded immediately, because the slightest errors in the operation of this element will turn into major troubles such as equipment breakdown, damage to the workpiece and injury to the operator. The optimal solution would be to purchase a ready-made shaft with a cutter seat. It is better to give preference to self-aligning ball bearings, which have a curved inner surface, otherwise a self-made unit will quickly collapse and a shaft installed on a homemade circular will become unusable.

Is it possible to make a homemade circular with an engine from a tiller

On the Internet, you can find many diagrams and descriptions for creating a circular attachment to the tiller yourself. One option is to use a plank table. The structure is connected together using bolted connections. In this case, the motor is disconnected from the tiller and fixed directly under the tabletop on the transverse board. A specially made hinge will securely anchor the power unit in a pre-marked position on the bed.

You will also need a spindle from a bicycle and a D8 or D6 sprocket from the motor. Naturally, you will need a shaft, a bushing, a metal plate 4-5 mm thick and the circular saw itself.

Circular saw with angle grinder

This is perhaps the most common version of the DIY circular saw. The advantage of this option is the simplicity of the design. You do not need to think about how to transfer the rotation of the motor to the spindle, how to organize all the necessary structures of the pulleys, etc., in the design of an angle grinder, this is all already provided. Naturally, to turn into a circular saw, you need to use a fairly powerful model that will provide a high-quality cut. In principle, the transformation itself is reduced to replacing the grinding disc with a saw and attaching the device to a stable surface.

However, there are also such disadvantages:

  • a disc with a large diameter cannot be placed on the angle grinder tongue;
  • attachment of an angle grinder is possible only from the side, therefore the width of the sawn wood will be limited.

Circular table

A table for a hand-held circular saw with a slot in the center is sometimes reworked from a regular kitchen or assembled from beams or metal profiles. Experts strongly recommend covering a table for a circular saw with a sheet of galvanized metal, since an uncoated base is threatened with abrasion in the center from constant friction of lumber, which in turn will negatively affect the quality of the cut, and the depth of cut will be uneven. It is better to make the cross braces that strengthen the sawing table from a steel angle of 60. 80 mm with a horizontal segment outward in order to simplify the installation of the side limiter. A homemade table on which a circular saw from a circular saw will be installed must be strong and stable, and it must also be securely fixed in a stationary position.

Read more:  How To Cut Chipboard Without Chipping With A Circular Saw

Advantages of motoblock circular saws

Let’s name a few compelling advantages that affect the choice of owners of summer cottages and private houses:

  • Ability to perform various carpentry work without access to the mains.
  • Device mobility. it can be quickly mounted, and just as quickly disassembled, sawing building materials directly near the workpieces.
  • Profitability. the owner of the tiller makes the most of the unit, without spending on other target equipment, which will also require investments.
  • Compact dimensions. a nozzle, it is always less than a full-fledged device, so it will not take up much space during storage.

It is worth paying attention to the performance of the tiller engine, it is she who will provide the necessary power to the circular attachment, powered by a walk-behind tractor, and not from the usual electric motor.

It is best to use units with a capacity of 3, 4 and higher horsepower. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that professional circulars operate from a 3-kilowatt electric motor, and 1 kW is 1.35962 horsepower.

Manual circulars, designed for short cutting of thin boards, have enough power of 1.5-2 kW. Therefore, based on the planned work, we also select a working body with the appropriate characteristics.

Varieties of circular saws for tiller

There are two types of attachments:

  • factory models;
  • homemade consoles.

To date, it is quite problematic to find a factory circular attachment for a tiller on sale, therefore, most owners of motorized agrotechnical devices prefer to make such equipment with their own hands.

Customizing the tiller with your own hands. attachments and accessories

DIY hiller-ripper

I supplemented my tiller with a convenient hiller connected to a ripper (photo 1 p. 1) and adjustable in height. Instead of a standard fastening strip, I welded an elongated (2) strip from a strip with a cross section of 50 × 10 mm to a prefabricated plow. I selected the length based on the distance from the bottom of the tiller to the ground, an allowance of about 10-15 cm.

The ripper was made from a U-shaped bar (found in the garage, you can cut it out of sheet metal of a suitable thickness) and three pins from the harrow.

The latter were fixed on the plate, having previously drilled holes d 12 mm in it. At one of the ends of the pins, I cut M 12 threads, inserted them into the holes and fixed them on the bar with nuts. Flattened the free ends of the pins and bent.

To attach the ripper to the hiller, I made a crossbar (3) from a metal plate with a section of 50x 10 mm and a length of 20 cm.At one end of it, I cut a groove 10 mm wide and 60 mm deep in the middle and welded a bar with a tightening bolt (4) to this end, and at the opposite end, stepping back 2 cm from the edge, drilled a hole d 12 mm.

I strung the bar on the axis of the middle pin and fixed it with a nut. Having made two assemblies, I fixed them on the tiller beam (photo 2, item 1) from a profile metal pipe with a cross section of 50 × 50 mm. For fixing the hiller and other equipment, I made universal brackets (2).

How to do something yourself, with your own hands. home master’s site

DIY accessories and attachments for the tiller

With your own hands. How to do it yourself

Do-it-yourself Fokin flat cutter for a tiller

When the potatoes have already bloomed, I just cut the grass between the rows. For this I use a flat cutter. Cutter (photo 3 p. 1). from steel sheet 5 mm thick.

I cut out a workpiece of the desired shape, warmed it up by 40 degrees. I sharpened the edge of the lower part on emery. Bolted on a mounting plate (2) with a cross section of 50 × 10 mm. In total, I made four such parts, I fix them on the beam with staples.

Ripper

I use this device after weeding, when the soil needs to be given oxygen.

From reinforcement d 10 mm I made five hooks and welded two parts from them in the form of a rake. During work, they can be used both one at a time and together (it all depends on the width of the row spacing and the height of the cultivated crop).

To fix the ripper on the tiller beam, I welded a rectangular sleeve 8 cm long from two scraps of a 65 mm wide channel.

I welded a plate with a cross section of 50 × 10 mm to the last one. I drilled a hole d 10 mm in the sleeve next to the plate, cut a thread in it for the fastening bolt. I made two such devices, I fix them on the beam with staples.

© Author: Vladimir Sidor, Shchechitsy village, Grodno region. Photo by Nikolay Golovachev

Moving parts

Having successfully connected the engine from an automatic washing machine with your own hands, and having checked how it picks up and decelerates, you can start making our circular. The diagram below shows a simplified drawing of a homemade circular saw made using a washing machine motor.

The diagram can be further simplified by being away from the bearing assembly. For household circulars, this is quite acceptable.

For now, we will only be interested in the moving elements of the circular, which will bear the main load, namely:

  • circular saw shaft;
  • washing machine motor shaft;
  • drive belt;
  • washing machine motor pulley; automatic;
  • saw blade pulley.

The drive mechanism should work as follows. The motor from the washing machine drives a shaft with a small pulley pressed onto it. The small pulley is equipped with a drive belt, which transmits revolutions to a large pulley, which is put on a shaft, which drives a circular saw. It seems at first glance everything is simple, but when you make a circular, a lot of subtle difficulties emerge that have to be resolved.

  • It is imperative to grind the small pulley with your own hands, making 3-4 transverse grooves on it, so that the belt clings to them and does not slip.
  • The drive belt does not have to be taken from the washing machine, you can take a similar part from any other equipment, if only the belt is strong and has serrated.
  • On a large pulley, you will have to weld a disc of a slightly larger diameter with your own hands on the edge, so that a kind of protrusion is formed that will prevent the drive belt from jumping off during operation. On a large pulley, it is not necessary to grind the serrations, the grip with the belt will be normal without it.
  • The shaft on which the circular saw will be held, as well as the nut and washer, must be reliable so that, firstly, the circular saw does not deform at high speeds, and secondly, so that the circular saw does not jump out and cause harm to the person working with the circular. It is better to take the finished shaft, washers and nut from the standard factory circular.

The described mechanism is designed for a three-hundredth disc. There are many skeptics who say that the engine from the washing machine will not pull such a disc, and that it will stop at some point during operation, and the saw will get stuck in the board. Our specialists answer such skeptics as follows.

In the future, do not overload your homemade circular with work, and most importantly, do not let the engine run for a long time without load.

Circular from the engine from the washing machine

Such a useful thing as a working motor from an automatic washing machine should not idle around in your garage.

Any self-respecting homemade product will itch at the sight of such a promising detail.

In this article we will tell you how to make a very good lightweight and compact circular on the basis of such an engine, on which you can easily dissolve a fiftieth board or even a 10×10 bar.

Attention! Do-it-yourself assembly of the circular saw and its continued use can be dangerous! Therefore, do not take up this business if you are not confident in your skills and do not follow the safety rules! This article is not a call to action. And remember, all responsibility for what you do rests only with you.!

How to connect a motor?

Connecting the engine is the most important stage of work, if you cannot connect the engine from the washing machine correctly, then you will not be able to make a circular with your own hands. The whole difficulty is not even in the connection, but in achieving a stable adjustment of the motor speed, without this the circular will not work normally. the disc will tear the lumber.

The manufacturer installs a so-called tachometer or speed control sensor on the engine from the washing machine. But the problem is that the operation of this sensor is controlled by the electronic module of the washing machine, you cannot put such a module on the circular, so you have to think about a device that will control the engine speed. Details on how to adjust the engine speed from the washing machine is described in the article of the same name.

Bed and frame

Having assembled the parts for the moving parts of the circular, we just have to make a reliable frame and bed for our circular. In principle, for the frame of a household circular, you can take the most common improvised material, for example, a piece of thick flat slate. Cutting a rectangle out of it and cutting a hole for a circular saw costs nothing. But we are supporters of capital structures, so we prefer to take a sheet of metal 3 mm thick for the circular bed, and a metal corner for a 30 mm frame.

In the picture above, you can clearly see what elements the frame of a homemade circular consists of. In this case, it is also welded by hand, only not a static metal corner is used as supports, but special home-made racks. The stand is made of two metal pipes of different diameters, which are inserted into each other, so the circular bed can be adjusted in height.

Experts insist on a welded frame for the circular, since vibration is bad for static fastenings created with bolts. Although if you do not have welding, as a last resort, you can make a frame from the corners by fastening them together with bolts and nuts. It is also better to weld the bed to the frame.

So, making a circular from the washer engine with your own hands is quite possible if you have experience in making various homemade homemade products. Try it yourself and, perhaps, you will gain some experience, which you will later share with our readers. Good luck!

Design features

The saw for logs has a slightly different structure than its wood splitting counterparts. The range of her tasks is cutting large diameter logs. There is a groove on the metal bed, an electric motor and a saw blade are attached to it.

The workpiece is placed in a special chute. The required length of the finished log is adjusted manually by the operator. over, the operator can work both with round parts and with branches, logs.

The advantages of the machine include:

  • durable metal frame is able to withstand heavy loads;
  • a powerful engine over 5 kW has a long working life;
  • the fuse will protect the engine from excessive loads;
  • The serrated saw blade has a diameter of more than 700 mm, has increased strength to cut dense pieces of wood;
  • a protective casing ensures the safety of the master from flying fragments of wood;
  • massive supports will help to hold the necessary balance and provide the necessary rigidity of the structure;
  • powder coating of the frame eliminates the appearance of corrosion;
  • metal hooks will prevent the legs of the stand from folding;
  • the spring system returns the chute to its original position after cutting;
  • a well thought-out shape of the chute and design prevents the log from turning during operation;
  • high rotation speed of the saw blade, as well as a large number of teeth, allows you to make high-quality cuts without chips.

Wood cutters

  • Disc diameter: 700 mm
  • Power, W: 5000 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Weight: 88 kg
  • Power, W: 2200 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Maximum log diameter: up to 120 mm
  • Weight: 35.5 kg
  • Maximum log length: up to 1370 mm
  • Power, W: 3000 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Maximum log diameter: up to 200 mm
  • Weight: 98 kg
  • Maximum log length: up to 1370 mm
  • Disc diameter: 505 mm
  • Power, W: 2800 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Weight: 67 kg
  • Disc diameter: 700 mm
  • Power, W: 5000 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Maximum log diameter: up to 250 mm
  • Weight: 92 kg
  • Maximum log length: up to 1500 mm
  • Disc diameter: 700 mm
  • Power, W: 5200 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Weight: 81.5 kg
  • Disc diameter: 700 mm
  • Power, W: 4500 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Weight: 82 kg
  • Power, HP: 12 HP.
  • Disc diameter: 700 mm
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Weight: 120KG
  • Disc diameter: 505 mm
  • Power, W: 2600 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Weight: 68 kg
  • Disc diameter: 405 mm
  • Power, W: 2200 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Weight: 39 kg
  • Disc diameter: 405 mm
  • Power, W: 2200 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Maximum log diameter: up to 200 mm
  • Maximum log length: up to 1330 mm
  • Disc diameter: 405 mm
  • Power, W: 2200 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Maximum log diameter: up to 135 mm
  • Weight: 35KG
  • Power, W: 2800 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Maximum log diameter: up to 505 mm
  • Weight: 64 kg
  • Maximum log length: up to 170 mm
  • Power, HP: 10.3 HP.
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Maximum log diameter: up to 230 mm
  • Weight: 133 kg
  • Maximum log length: up to 700 mm
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Weight: 90KG
  • Disc diameter: 700 mm
  • Power, W: 4000 W
  • Construction: wood cutters
  • Weight: 110 kg

The woodcutter is a reliable piece of equipment for fast logging. Processing logs, preparing chocks for the winter will require a lot of effort from the owner of a country estate. For such purposes, special machines are purchased that will help not only save the time of the master, but also his physical efforts.

The unit will cope with wood of different density, soft or hard, dry or wet, even with twisted fibers. It is advisable to buy the installation if long-term work with large volumes of wooden blanks is expected.

Application

A circular saw for logs her possible field of application is household. Due to the high productivity of the unit, it is used in farms in Ukraine, in small business.

The wood splitter is useful for larger tasks in production or areas of wood processing workshops. Sufficiently small dimensions allow the use of equipment on construction sites, in furniture shops.