DIY corn seeder for tiller

Spreader seeders

corn, seeder, tiller

Devices of this type have a simple and reliable design, do not require special maintenance and rarely need repair. The principle of operation of the spreader drills on the tiller is very simple: during operation, the seeds picked up by a special disc are subject to pressure, as a result of which they are thrown out of the seeder onto the site.

The advantages of such devices include high performance. Among the disadvantages should be highlighted the difficulties when using seeders at the edge of the site, in which most of the seeds are thrown out of the garden.

Seed drills

These tiller seed drills make nests at pre-marked points in squares or rectangles. Such structures consist of a frame, support wheels, a mechanism for unwinding measuring wire from a reel and sowing sections.

The pluses of these devices for the tiller include the ability to cover a large area of ​​the territory when working. Among the disadvantages of such seeders, a large mass stands out due to the presence of a large number of metal elements in their design. These drills are not capable of high speed, which leads to a loss of time when working with it.

Varieties and descriptions of seeders for tiller

Tiller planting of garlic and other crops can be done with different planters. Below we will consider the design features of each of the types of seeders for a tiller in more detail.

Nest seeders

Adaptations of this kind are best suited in cases where the farmer needs to sow crops exactly in the wells or nests prepared in advance. Tiller nest drills can be successfully used for sowing seeds of garlic, onions and other small planting material.

The advantages of nesting seeders for the tiller include ease of use. Such equipment is small in size and weight. However, seeders of this kind are very slow and therefore take a long time to work with.

Dotted planters

These attachments are used for sowing seeds of garlic, onions, corn and legumes in pre-prepared nests, which are located at a certain distance from each other. Despite the complex design and large dimensions, the dotted seeders to the tiller are quite easy to operate.

The advantages of such attachments include high sowing accuracy and good productivity. Among the disadvantages should be highlighted the inability to use such seeders in areas with heavy clay soil.

Homemade seeder for tiller. DIY options

There are several ways to make a seeder to the tiller. When choosing a method, be sure to consider your capabilities and experience with the equipment. Next, we will consider each of the methods in more detail.

Seeder for a tiller: the principle of operation, do-it-yourself manufacturing

A modern seeder on a tiller is a device that allows you to plant seeds of garlic, onions, corn and other crops, saving the farmer’s energy and time. The design of the seeder is simple enough that you can make it yourself.

What is required for this, and how to make equipment with your own hands. let’s talk in more detail.

Seeder to tiller. the principle of operation of the device

The tiller garlic planter works in a very simple way. The main structural elements include the chain drive and rear wheel, which function as a single unit. The transmission acts on the wheel and sets it in motion, as a result of which the seeds fall to the ground. All planting material is contained in a special hopper, previously designed for sowing simultaneously in all rows.

In modern planters, you can adjust the seeding speed of the seeds and the size of their bulbs. This also gives the farmer the opportunity to increase or decrease the number of plantings. Different models of seeders allow you to adjust the seeding depth, which, as a rule, varies from zero to a few centimeters.

In cases where carrot seeds or other small planting material are to be planted, the farmer can use fillers. As them, you can use various cereals or bran. However, river sand cannot be used for this purpose, as it can damage fragile seeds.

Dotted planters

These attachments are used for sowing seeds of garlic, onions, corn and legumes in pre-prepared nests, which are located at a certain distance from each other. Despite the complex design and large dimensions, the dotted seeders to the tiller are quite easy to operate.

The advantages of such attachments include high sowing accuracy and good productivity. Among the disadvantages should be highlighted the inability to use such seeders in areas with heavy clay soil.

Seeder for a tiller: the principle of operation, do-it-yourself manufacturing

A modern seeder on a tiller is a device that allows you to plant seeds of garlic, onions, corn and other crops, saving the farmer’s energy and time. The design of the seeder is simple enough that you can make it yourself.

What is required for this, and how to make equipment with your own hands. let’s talk in more detail.

Premium STV-2

The two-row motoblock seeder of the “Premium” series. CTB-2 is designed for the introduction of seeds of corn, garlic and other vegetable and grain crops, of various fractions, into the soil on pre-prepared areas. This model makes simultaneous furrowing, seed placement and incorporation into the soil, as well as compaction of rows. The seeder can be installed on tillers with a capacity of 6 hp and more.

Spreader seeders

Devices of this type have a simple and reliable design, do not require special maintenance and rarely need repair. The principle of operation of the spreader drills on the tiller is very simple: during operation, the seeds picked up by a special disc are subject to pressure, as a result of which they are thrown out of the seeder onto the site.

#13 Best Garden Seeder? Planting Indian Corn with the Chapin 8701B. Review & first impression.

The advantages of such devices include high performance. Among the disadvantages should be highlighted the difficulties when using seeders at the edge of the site, in which most of the seeds are thrown out of the garden.

Seeder to tiller. the principle of operation of the device

The tiller garlic planter works in a very simple way. The main design elements include the chain drive and the rear wheel, which function as a single unit. The transmission acts on the wheel and sets it in motion, as a result of which the seeds fall to the ground. All planting material is contained in a special hopper, previously designed for sowing simultaneously in all rows.

In modern planters, you can adjust the seeding speed of the seeds and the size of their bulbs. This also gives the farmer the opportunity to increase or decrease the number of plantings. Different models of seeders allow you to adjust the seeding depth, which usually varies from zero to a few centimeters.

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In cases where carrot seeds or other small planting material are to be planted, the farmer can use fillers. As them, you can use various cereals or bran. However, river sand cannot be used for this purpose, as it can damage fragile seeds.

Classification of motoblock seeders

At the moment, motoblock attachments of various types are produced, depending on specific economic needs. According to the type of inoculation, the following types of equipment are distinguished:

  • Nesting. When sowing in rows, seeds are placed in nests.
  • Privates. Seed placement is also carried out for drill seeding.
  • Dotted or precision seeding. Seeding is done in the same row and at regular intervals when sowing in a wide row.
  • Square-nested. With this equipment, it is possible to sow seeds in pre-marked squares or rectangles.
  • Scattered. The equipment is designed to spread the seed over the entire sown area.

Precision seeder to tiller

Also, seeders can vary in seeding crops or be completely versatile. Universal seeders can be used both for sowing vegetables and grain crops. Precision seeders are also worth mentioning, which are distinguished by a brush seeding device that guarantees the introduction of a certain amount of seeds into the soil.

In addition to the main technical characteristics, it is worth paying attention to the number of rows that can be sown. And if the equipment installed on conventional tractors can handle up to twelve rows, then tiller seeders can sow no more than five.

Tiller Box Precision Planter. Complex Assembly Method

As in the first case, before starting work, study the detailed diagram that will help prevent assembly errors. A seed drill should be composed of several basic elements. You will need:

    • 2 wheels for moving around the site;
    • seed hopper;
    • seeding roller;
    • 2 bearings;
    • handle with bracket;
    • 2 brackets required to mount the opener.

    The manufacturing procedure is as follows:

      • You can make the bunker from wooden planks, approximately 1.5 cm thick. For the bottom of the bunker, use several bushes of sheet steel, welded to each other. Connect the sides of the box along and across with self-tapping screws, steel corners or spikes. At the bottom of the walls of the hopper, install wooden strips, 1.5 cm thick. Use nails or screws to fasten them. At the rear of the seed drill hopper, fix the bracket, by means of which the device will be connected to the tiller;
      • To mount the sowing roller in the walls and linings, cut the cutouts in the shape of a semicircle. Next, attach the fixing brackets to the overlays with screws. So that when sowing the seeds fall exactly to the intended places, install several rubber plates in the inclined bottoms;
      • The seeder wheels must have a diameter of at least 20 cm. To fix them, use hubs, 6 cm long. Make holes in the hubs that should be the same size as the holes in the seeding roller;
      • Use 1.5mm sheet steel for the opener. Next, attach the element using brackets. Make several holes in one of the brackets. you will need them to adjust the depth to which the seeds will be sown. To set this parameter, you will need to move the opener from one hole to another.

      A seeder made in this way will help to quickly plant seeds of garlic, onions, corn and legumes. In this case, the seed will fall exactly into the pre-prepared holes.

      Seeder for garlic tiller

      This type of equipment allows sowing seeds of garlic and other crops whose seeds are medium in size. The garlic planter for the tiller has diameter-adjustable inlet and outlet openings, which makes it possible to use such a device directly for sowing a number of other agricultural plants.

      The main advantages of this kind of household appliances include durability, wide functionality and the ability to adjust for work in specific conditions.

      Seeder maize for tiller

      This fixture has large and usually non-adjustable inlets and outlets. Among the advantages of such seeders, experts point out an excellent balance, which makes this equipment more stable on uneven surfaces.

      Among the main advantages of such seeders, experts emphasize ease of use and compactness.

      Tiller bean seeder

      This kind of device has wide non-adjustable inlet and outlet openings, as well as a spacious hopper.

      The main advantages of seeders for leguminous crops are endurance and long periods of practical use.

      Seeders for tiller

      A seeder is a type of attachment designed for planting crop seeds. Its presence and active use allows sowing large areas, saving a lot of time and effort for the farmer.

      How to make a seeder for a tiller with your own hands?

      In order for a homemade seeder for an existing tiller to be balanced and multifunctional, you should strictly adhere to a certain scheme. The drawings used should promptly suggest the dimensions of the parts and how to install them in the overall structure.

      After studying the drawings, you should proceed directly to assembling the equipment with your own hands:

      • First you need to make a frame. It can be made from pipes or iron strips welded to each other in the shape of the letter P;
      • A hopper should be installed on top of the frame and bolted;
      • Inside the hopper, you need to place a seeding mechanism, which will need to be installed on 2 sliding bearings;
      • Next, you need to take a pipe, which will play the role of an axis, and put 3 undamaged discs on it. The latter must be installed at the same distance;
      • Further, in each of the discs, 12 holes must be drilled into which the planted seeds will be placed. During the movement of the seeder, the disks will pass through the hopper, and the seeds will fall into the holes, after which the disks will direct them into the furrows preset opposite the disks;
      • At the back of the frame made, a special bar should be installed that will embed seeds into the soil;
      • From the bottom, you need to attach 3 wheels to the frame. details about the assembly of the seeder for the tiller will be described in the video.

      In the process of using a homemade seeder, the seeding coil will rotate under the action of the bicycle chain. This will cause the perforated discs to move. In this case, the seeds, after falling into the holes made earlier, will be transported into the furrows, after which they will begin to fall out into the ground. At the same time, the bar at the back will embed the seed into the soil.

      Seeder grain for tiller

      Tiller grain drills are equipped with small bins located in the center of the structure. If necessary, such a seeder can be equipped with additional containers for grain.

      Equipment of this type is made of tough alloys with increased corrosion resistance.

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      How the seeder works on a tiller?

      The chain transmission of the seeder paired with the rear wheel provided in its design is the most important operating mechanism of the equipment. The seed drill hopper is preliminarily designed for simultaneous sowing in an area with a width of two to five completed rows. Larger planters or modular implements have a separate hopper for each row. When sowing, small seeds, for example. carrot seeds. should be mixed with fillers in the form of bran or boiled cereals. However, the seeds should not be mixed with sand, as it will only damage the structure of delicate seeds.

      Each vegetable seeder is pre-equipped with a brush for loosening the planted seeds. In the process of rotation of the support-drive wheels, the brush is driven, which agitates the seeds. This allows the seeds to flow more evenly into the hole in the rear of the existing seed drill hopper. The outlet in the hopper is closed with a special rotary disc, which can have different diameters. The size of the outlet can also be different. this allows you to sow seeds of different cultivated plants, as well as plant several seeds at the same time.

      The drill is designed to preset the sowing depth and speed as well as the number of seeds to be planted. Another great advantage. the seeder can be used with any tiller, regardless of its class.

      According to the designation of crops, the following types of seeders are distinguished:

      • Universal. They are suitable for cereals, legumes, oilseeds and bast crops, that is, they can plant any plant with high quality;
      • Special. Such devices are designed to work with certain crops. There are corn, linseed, cotton, vegetable, beet and other options;
      • Combined. Devices are placed in the soil not only seeds, but also fertilizers.

      It is worth noting that precision planters for tillers are considered the most common and popular.

      over, we are talking specifically about devices with a disc coulter, because thanks to them, the drop point of the seeds and the point for determining the seeding depth are located almost on the same mowing line.

      This contributes to the maximum copying of relief features and seed placement at the same depth.

      To carry out a variety of work on personal plots, people prefer versatile options, while professional farmers use highly targeted aggregates. over, many craftsmen are trying with their own hands to create a corn seeder for a tiller (or grain) that performs a task no worse than factory models.

      Seeders for tilers: types and how to do it yourself

      tillers are reliable assistants in agricultural and land work, and their productivity is significantly increased thanks to specialized types of additional equipment.

      Tiller planters help to plant multiple crops evenly, achieving the desired grain density.

      Today, many companies offer absolutely various types of these devices for purchase, so it is important to familiarize yourself with the types and choose the most profitable option for your device. over, you should not exclude the possibility of creating a seeder with your own hands, which, oddly enough, with a competent approach, the presence of parts and drawings is an easy task.

      Seeders for tiller: a typology

      The features of the adaptation depend on the economic needs, therefore, today there are 5 types for the introduction of seed:

      • Nesting. In the process of sowing, the device places the seeds in a nesting way
      • Scattered. Seed material is evenly scattered over the entire area;
      • Privates. There is a combination of row sowing and seed placement;
      • Square-nested. Thanks to such tillers, sowing occurs along the previously designated rectangles;
      • Precise seeding (dotted). Seed bulbs are placed at a certain distance in a wide row.

      Homemade seeder for tiller: manufacturing features

      In order to obtain a truly practical device upon completion of all the necessary procedures, you must:

      • Two running wheels;
      • Seed box;
      • Screws and nails;
      • Steel sheets;
      • Rubber plates;
      • Sowing roller;
      • Self-tapping screws, spikes, steel corners;
      • Two bearings and brackets.

      The process itself is simple, but requires maximum concentration, so you need to pay attention to the following features:

      • A seed box can be crafted from planks (wood) (no more than 15 mm thick);
      • To close them from the bottom side, you can use steel overhead bottoms (1 mm thick);
      • The walls themselves are connected using self-tapping screws, iron corners and spikes;
      • From the bottom of the walls of the box, thanks to nails, wooden lining is mounted (15 mm thick);
      • The process of placing the seeding roller in the walls and linings is accompanied by the creation of cutouts (semicircular shape). Using screws, carefully screw the mounting brackets to the linings;
      • Special rubber plates, which are placed in the inclined bottoms, facilitate the loss of seeds from the cells;
      • Wheels of the created grain seeder for tiller (or corn) have hubs of 60 mm;
      • Special holes are created in the hubs (the diameter is similar to the seeding roller);
      • The opener can be made from a sheet of iron and then attached to the brackets;
      • You can adjust the depth to which the seeds will be placed by re-securing the opener in the special holes;
      • On the rear wall of the seed box, a bracket can be adapted to serve as a “connecting link” between the device and the tiller.

      If a person really set himself the goal of creating an excellent “helper” with his own hands, then the described features, steps, drawings and videos posted on our website will contribute to obtaining the desired result!

      How seeders work

      The chain transmission system is aggregated with the rear wheels of the equipment. The seed hopper holds the crop volume over several rows or beds. Some models have a separate container for each row. Often the seeds are mixed with some kind of filler or fertilizer.

      How to build a 5 Garden seeder! Save your back!

      The vegetable seeders are equipped with special brushes that loosen the seeds. There is a disc at the exit from the container, which opens the hole for the exit of the culture.

      The designs, as a rule, are suitable for almost any cultivator, for example, the tiller Neva, Oka, etc.

      Seeders for a tiller are quite convenient in the sense that the speed of planting the crop can be adjusted in advance. This is a big plus for planters for motor cultivators and other units. Another plus is that this tool can be installed on any type of tiller.

      For planters, there is a classification of sowing methods:

      • privates;
      • nesting;
      • square-nested;
      • dotted (exact);
      • scattered.

      For different types of seeds, different models are used: vegetable, grain, universal. But for some cultures, there is still an exception. These are the seeds of sunflower, corn and beans. Most often they use a bunker system, but sometimes they resort to vacuum ones, which are used as mini-pneumatic planters.

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      Vacuum seeder. it is pneumatic, precision seeder, dotted. The vacuum seeder for the tiller is SVTV 4-8. Its purpose is to sow vegetables and grains. Initially, the design is designed for 4 rows, but it can be converted into an eight-row one without drastically changing the unit.

      Pneumatic seeders are used to work with weighted tillers. The set includes 4 removable drums that can sow 2 rows each. You can plant both small grains and large ones, for example, corn. Sowing depth. up to 10 cm, row width. up to 70 cm.

      Homemade garlic planter for tiller is used for planting bulbous species (garlic, tulip, onion). Farmers also use this seeder for vegetables. CTB is an excellent garlic planter. SV-6, SVTV 4-8. these models are vacuum. There is a special garlic planter specifically for garlic. The design includes small spoons that pick up the onion and guide it directly into the furrow, which is prepared in advance.

      But on some models there are no plates with which the wheels burrow into the soil and compact it. However, this attribute can be made by hand.

      Manual

      The manual seeder provides that it will be driven by human labor. Outwardly, such models are similar to a garden cart and can have either one wheel in the center or two on the sides for stabilization. Its main advantage is simplicity of design and use, and its disadvantage is the high load on a person.

      Landing marker and its types

      A planting marker is a metal or wood device that allows you to mark the beds for planting many crops. Such a device has undoubted advantages:

      • planting material is laid at an equal depth;
      • planting culture is greatly simplified;
      • holes are marked with perfect accuracy;
      • using a homemade seeder does not require additional costs;
      • landing time is significantly reduced;
      • the process becomes less labor intensive.

      There are several types of markers, you can make them yourself from scrap materials. They can be metal and wood. The main thing is to decide on the geometry, type of device. Planting devices are of three types:

      • Acicular.
      • Toothed.
      • Transverse or slatted.

      Four-row

      The four-row seeder is also very common in agriculture. A distinctive feature of this unit is that this type of technique allows sowing as accurately as possible, in 4 rows. Thanks to this, you will not have problems with a pinpoint fit.

      In addition, you can sow bulbs of a wide variety of diameters. This technique is convenient, allows you to work in a wide variety of areas and do it really efficiently.

      If we talk about the acquisition of such equipment, you need to navigate the cost. vary depending on the type of device. So, a seeder for a tiller can cost you about 300, manual equipment will most likely cost no more than 150, and a four-row seeder can be purchased for 200.

      Used equipment can cost about 20% less than new.

      The average technical characteristics of the tiller seeder models can be described as follows. They can have 2 or 3 rows, which allows you to sow a variety of seeds by size and do it quickly enough. The calibration of the teeth can be changed from 10mm to 30mm.

      The productivity of the machinery is from half a hectare to a hectare. The mass of such devices starts from 40 kg. As a rule, row spacing and planting depth depends on the specific implement model. Hoppers can hold approx. 10 kg.

      Seeder for garlic, do-it-yourself planting device and garlic planter for tiller. drawings

      In agriculture, there is a wide range of work that must be performed both every day and seasonally. So, you have to work almost round the clock.

      But, fortunately, modern progress helps farmers and makes their work much easier. After all, now almost all processes are replaced by machine labor.

      Traditionally, one of the most time consuming and time consuming activities is the process of sowing various crops.

      After all, for this you need not only to scatter the seeds, but also to properly prepare the soil. One of the common crops that is planted every year is garlic. So, in order to make the process of sowing garlic as simple and convenient as possible, you can use a manual garlic seeder and a precision seeder.

      Planting garlic with a planter (seeder)

      The seeder is a versatile device, it will help to accurately plant not only garlic, but also small potatoes, saffron, and onions. If the crops are planted correctly, a rich harvest is guaranteed.

      • Prepared cloves of garlic or other seeds must be poured into a special container.
      • With the help of the opener, grooves are made for sowing garlic.
      • Seeder sows seeds in loose soil.
      • Loose soil is sprinkled on the planted material.

      It should be remembered that it is necessary to carefully prepare the garden, dig it up so that the soil becomes soft. If you try to start the device in an unprepared area, it may break.

      The manual seeder is functional, easy to clean and environmentally friendly. It is perfect for a small suburban area. For growing in areas of a larger area, it is better to use a walk-behind tractor.

      Manual

      The manual seeder is simpler and requires manual adjustment and transport. As a rule, such units are in demand among owners of small plots, as well as among those who wish to use equipment in agriculture as economically as possible.

      Of course, you will need more time to complete the work than using a tiller.

      The best seeders for a tiller and how to make a planter with your own hands

      Many farmers ask how to make a tiller seeder. In modern agriculture, motor-cultivators are increasingly used, which are supplied with various devices and designs. These tools include tiller grain seeders.

      The tiller seeder is designed to evenly distribute cultivated seeds in the ground. The type and type of structures resemble those of a tractor, only several times less.