Installing a snow blower on a tiller – about installation in detail
The blade must be fastened to the tiller by means of a system of brackets that must be welded to the tiller’s supporting structure. Use two rods that will be inoperative as additional locks. The rods will serve to reduce the load on the brackets used.
It is not recommended to use bolts without brackets for fastening for a number of reasons. Firstly, they can freeze to the structure, which is why you cannot remove the blade from the tiller. Secondly, the bolts, even anchor bolts, during the operation of the tiller with a blade, will succumb to strong vibration, which will lead to their deformation or loss during cleaning. Third, the bolts will not be able to hold the bucket full of snow. As a result, the fasteners will break sooner or later..
Often so much snow falls over several winter days that it can be quite difficult to remove it with a shovel alone. In this case, a tiller will come to the rescue, which can be equipped with a homemade blade. This will help clear the area, saving you time and energy..
How to make a do-it-yourself blade for a tiller?
A shovel for a tiller is one of the simplest options for a blade, but this does not mean that it will take 30 minutes to make it and a minimum of scrap materials. On the contrary, if you want to make a shovel for a tiller, you will need to carefully prepare and purchase all the necessary tools and materials in advance..
In order for the homemade blade to turn out as high quality as possible, be sure to study the drawings. They will tell you the dimensions and order of fastening the elements of the clearing device..
After a detailed study of the drawings, prepare all the necessary equipment and materials. To work you will need:
- tin sheets, at least 3 mm thick. The dimensions of the sheets must be 85 x 22 x 45 cm;
- 1 metal stand – a steel pipe is suitable for this;
- 4 stiffening ribs, about 4 mm thick;
- a strip of steel long enough to cover the blade. The thickness of the strip must be at least 5 mm;
- 2 lugs for fastening the blade rod;
- a set of washers and nuts;
- square pipe, with a cross section of 4 × 4 cm and a length of 1 m;
- a set of drills with a diameter of 5–6 and 8–9 mm;
- a flat piece of rubber;
- 2 rods, 52 cm long each;
- 1 sheet of steel, 10–12 mm thick with dimensions 60 x 60 cm;
- welding machine;
- angle grinder with discs for cutting steel;
- hammer drill or electric drill.
Having all of the above materials and tools on hand will make it easier for you to make a mounted snow blower for a tiller. The correct procedure is as follows:
- Make the intake bucket first. To do this, take the stiffeners and weld the frame from them with three horizontal and four vertical guides. Next, heat the steel sheets with a gas burner and carefully bend the metal so that it takes the shape of a ladle. Weld the finished element to the frame made of stiffeners. As a result, you should have a snow plow identical to the one shown in the photo;
- Next, make a knife for clearing snow – this element should grind the packed snow and strengthen the snow blower on the tiller. To make a knife, take a steel strip and drill 3 identical holes in it, the diameter of which should be 5–6 mm. The distance between them should not be less than 10 cm. Next, fasten the knife with bolts, putting a rubber gasket between it and the bucket;
- The next step will be the manufacture and installation of the fastening mechanism. Cut a 4 x 4 cm piece of pipe and weld it to the back of the bucket about the middle of the element. In the middle of the tube, weld a piece in the shape of a semicircle – for this, take a thick piece of steel. In a semicircle, make 3 identical holes, which will later be needed to screw in the bolts;
- Then take the same piece of pipe and make a holder out of it that resembles the letter “G”. Carefully insert one end of the holder into one of the holes in the semicircle, and fasten the other end securely to the tiller frame;
- The bucket lift can be adjusted by means of two bolts screwed into the surface of the existing recesses in the square tube. The video will tell you more about the manufacture of a snow plow..
Having made a shovel on a snow tiller, it is imperative to check the operability of the device. First of all, test the serviceability of the blade height adjustment mechanism – this will give confidence that when cleaning in the yard, you will not damage the decorative coating of the local area. The snow plow attachment to the tiller should not outweigh the agricultural machine – if you notice that the center of gravity of the machine and attachments is broken, be sure to attach the weighting weights to the rear of the tiller.
Blade design features
The blade is an attachment in the form of a shovel or a bucket, installed on the tiller in order to clear the adjacent territory from snow and debris, as well as level the soil. A snow blower for a tiller greatly simplifies cleaning, and can be used both in the house area and in the common area..
- only forward;
- with a slope of 30 ° to the left;
- with a slope of 30 ° to the right.
Before proceeding directly to the manufacture of the snow plow, you should choose the optimal angle of the shovel position, and fix it on the tiller using the L-shaped mount.
Blade from a gas cylinder – how to do it yourself?
One of the most common options is to make a blade from a 200 liter barrel or from a gas cylinder. Such a nozzle for snow removal will successfully cope with clearing the local area from caked ice-covered snow masses, and will save you time and effort..
As in the first case, you will need a detailed diagram, which will describe in detail all the dimensions and installation location of the main elements of the snow blower. Further, to make an auger or rotary snow blower, you will need to prepare the same materials and tools as in the first case. Steel sheets and stiffeners do not need to be purchased – a cylinder or barrel will be used instead.
A snow plow for a tiller is manufactured as follows:
- Cut an empty barrel or cylinder into 3 parts – as a result, you should have 3 curved segments, from which you need to make a shovel;
- Weld 2 segments from the resulting three to each other along the contour. As a result, you will receive a product with a thickness of 3 mm – this is quite enough for high-quality snow removal;
- Install a sturdy steel blade to reinforce the bottom of the blade. Drill 3 holes in the knife with a pitch of 10 and a diameter of 6 mm. When installing the knife on the bucket, place a rubber gasket between the elements;
- In the middle part of the installed pipe, weld a semicircle in which 3 holes are made in advance – they will be used to securely fix the turning corners of the bucket;
- From another piece of pipe, make an L-shaped holder. Insert one end of the part into one of the holes in the semicircle, and fix the other on the tiller frame. You can see the result of the work done in the photo..
A ready-made snow shovel will help remove a large amount of freshly fallen and packed snow. Thanks to the large bucket width, you can clear a significant swath, saving you time and effort.
For better cleaning of the local area, a sweeping brush can be installed on the manufactured dump. It should be bolted just behind the bucket. If you want to use this element, then during the manufacture of the blade, 2 pipes must be welded to its side parts, at least 1 m long.A third pipe is welded perpendicularly to the pipes, and the brush itself is welded to it.
Rules for operating a tiller with a homemade blade
In order for the snow cleaning to take place without unexpected incidents, you should adhere to certain rules for using a homemade blade. These include:
- to save the engine resource, use a snow blade with a height of at least 5 cm – in other cases, you can use only a sweeping brush by raising the bucket;
- when using a tiller with a dump, put special anti-slip chains on the wheels of the unit in advance – they will prevent the machine from skidding on ice;
- when regularly removing a large amount of snow, check the tiller engine from time to time – when working with attachments, it lends itself to increased heating and wear, which can lead to oil boiling in the motor;
- regularly check the reliability of the fasteners – replace brackets with cracks immediately;
- so that the snow plow does not crack and deform, carefully set the height of its position above the cover of the adjacent territory;
- in no case try to scrape off the remnants of snow from the coating with the lower part of the bucket – for this you have a sweeping brush;
- always make sure that snow and ice blocks do not fall inside the tiller through the grille and openings in the body – this can lead to engine breakdown, damage to the piston group and carburetor, as well as a short circuit inside the tiller wiring. To protect the unit, cover all openings in its body with steel shields. In this case, the latter should be installed so that their rear parts are slightly bent away from the body. Thus, the air necessary to cool it will get to the engine;
- before installing and using the blade, install a protective plate in front of the front wheels of the tiller – it will prevent ice and snow from falling on the suspension parts of the unit, the melting of which will lead to the formation of rust on the parts;
- if, when raising or lowering the bucket, you find strange creaks emitted by the blade rods, be sure to lubricate the bolts and brackets with grease;
- at the end of the winter season, thoroughly clean and dry the blade of snow and dry before taking the blade to the garage for storage. After that, treat the bucket surface, rods, mounting brackets and bolts with a rustproofing agent;
All of the listed tips for the manufacture, installation and operation of a homemade blade are suitable for tillers Salyut, Agro, OKA, Patriot, MTZ, Agat, Kaskad, as well as Neva MB-1 and MB-2.
Basic rules and manufacturing criteria
An important point that cannot be neglected when drawing up a homemade drawing is the ratio of the amount of work to the power of the unit. When overloaded, components and mechanisms will quickly wear out, which leads to breakdowns and inoperability of the machine.
The manufacture of a blade for a tiller must be carried out with keeping certain conditions:
DIY Homemade Snow Plow
- Durable material. For normal service, at least for several years, the knife must have a strong base. Any part of the shovel must be manufactured with a load and strong impact in mind..
- Excerpt sizes. The self-made blade should not be very wide or high. The optimal width is considered to be the limit from 80 to 130 cm, and the height from 30 to 50 cm..
- Lifting mechanism. When developing a drawing, a lifting device in the form of hydraulics or levers can be added to the structure. This function will allow you to transport snow or use the unit as a loader..
- Swivel joint. With the help of such a device, you can change the angle and inclination of the shovel to the left and right, up and down. Thanks to this, the removal of snow or debris will be carried out better and taking into account human needs. For turning up and down, you can make a structure like a rotary plow.
- Rubber. It is imperative to install a thick rubber cushion strip on the bottom of the blade. In this case, the tiller is less damaged from impacts, and the bucket from deformation and failure. The road surface is also protected..
- Installation and dismantling speed. Since the tiller is a universal device, its rigging should be carried out as quickly as possible without the use of special tools..
The blade can be placed on the front bracket, under the chassis, or behind the tiller. For attachment at the rear, you can use the attachment of the plow to the tiller, which will greatly facilitate and speed up the work, but the most suitable position is considered to be located in front of the unit. With this setting, the maximum cleaning quality is ensured..
The finished product can be created and oriented in a horizontal or vertical position. The vertical option is chosen when space is limited.
DIY snow plow for a tiller
In our country, there are such winters that often the owners of individual households are faced with the difficulty of removing a huge amount of snow. Usually this problem was solved by means of ordinary shovels and all kinds of home-made devices. At the moment, when most farms have motor cultivators available that can be equipped with various types of attachments, snow cleaning, garbage collection and other work has become much easier. In this article, we will look at how to create a do-it-yourself blade for a tiller..
From a balloon
According to this principle, a dump is made from an old gas cylinder. There is no need to reinforce it additionally, since the walls of the cylinder are quite strong..
It is advisable to use the second part of the cylinder for the manufacture of a replaceable blade, since the metal will wear out and wear out. In this case, if necessary, it will be possible to quickly replace the device..
From the barrel
It is desirable to carry out the work in the following sequence:
- First, you need to mark the barrel. The bottom and sides are divided into 3 identical parts. Then the product is divided using an angle grinder. The rest of the bottom is cut in a circle. The end dense part must be left for better blade rigidity.
- When using a thin-walled barrel, the 2 parts must be folded and stapled. Before bonding, it is better to lubricate the material using hot bitumen, which will improve the metal’s resistance to corrosion. This will increase the bucket weight and reduce impact noise. Parts are fixed with rivets or bolts.
- Around the perimeter of the shovel, you need to attach a stiffening strip of steel at least 3 mm thick. The strip is welded with a welding machine using bolts or rivets. It is better to strengthen the upper and lower parts of the shovel by cutting out the inserts from the remnants.
- The width of the transport belt attached to the bottom of the blade should be such that it protrudes from 3 to 10 cm, but this depends on the area of operation of the snow blower. The tape can be made removable, which allows you to work with bulk material.
The finished tiller shovel must be cleaned of corrosion and scale. Treat with anti-corrosion agent and paint.
Why does a tiller need a brush?
With the help of a brush, you can sweep the area neatly and at a decent speed. It also does a great job with snow. The advantages of the brush are that it can be used both on paving slabs and on asphalt, without fear that removing the layer of snow, it, like a snow shovel, will scratch the surface. True, she will not remove it especially – it will only distribute it evenly over the surface, throwing it to the sides. Also, such equipment is much easier to clean in corners and other hard-to-reach places, in contrast to bulky and clumsy dumps and rotary auger snow blowers..
Factory models allow you to turn the brush 20-25 degrees in both directions, and its width is 80 or more centimeters, which is very convenient. And she removes about 50 millimeters of the layer.
The simplest homemade brush
The manufacture of this snow thrower for the tiller, in fact, became a kind of intermediate option between the blade we discussed above and a full-fledged snow blower. Therefore, in order to understand how to collect it according to the presented scheme, it is enough to learn the following points:
- The work item itself will most likely have to be bought ready-made. It is very difficult to make it due to the fact that it is unrealistic to find a hard enough pile. Old plastic brooms can be a solution, but they will be needed in very large quantities. You can, of course, use ordinary rubber mats with a hard “hedgehog”, but its height is too low to really shoot snow, and not ram it. If you managed to get the bristles somewhere, then the process is very simple;
- A shaft is made, only without blades, following the example of a rotary snow blower, and this sweeping brush blade is screwed or securely glued to it;
- Then a screw is made with attachment to the bearings of the shaft and transmission – thanks to it, rotation will be carried out;
- In a rectangular metal plate at an angle of 120 degrees, long edges are bent (approximately equal in width to the brush) so that the brush attached to the central part does not rest on these sides, but is covered by them during free twisting;
- Then parts of the brackets are welded to this plate for connection with the tiller, as well as the transmission casing and adjusting mechanisms, as on
Making a moldboard shovel from a gas cylinder
Another available tool for making a moldboard shovel is a gas cylinder. This event will certainly require a detailed diagram. It should indicate the parameters of the spare parts used and the procedure for assembling them into a single structure. Work on the creation takes place in the following order.
Best Husqvarna Garden Tiller Plow Furrower Attachment
- Release excessive pressure from the cylinder, if any.
- Cut off both edges of the lid so that the width corresponds to one meter.
- Cut the resulting pipe lengthwise into 2 halves.
- Using a welding machine, connect these 2 segments so that the blade height is approximately 700 millimeters..
- The holder for fastening is made as follows. Cut a kerchief out of thick iron. Make a number of holes in it to rotate the blade in different directions. Weld a piece of pipe to the kerchief.
- Weld the prepared product to the plow at the level of the holder location on the tiller.
- Installation is carried out using a cylindrical rod.
The thickness of the walls of the cylinder is sufficient, there is no need for reinforcement. However, the bottom can be fitted with durable rubber that will remove loose snow and not damage the rolled road. To do this, you need to take hard rubber from the rotary – conveyor lines. The width of the rubber strip is 100 × 150 mm. Using an electric drill, make holes in the shovel to fix the rubber. To firmly fix the rubber strip, a 900x100x3 mm iron strip is needed. Drill holes in metal and rubber, marking in advance with a shovel. Secure with bolts.
What to make a bucket from
When choosing a barrel for making a bucket, it should be made of thick metal. The best option would be stainless steel. If there is no strong barrel and cylinder, then you can choose the usual.