DIY tiller cultivator

How to make a cart for a tiller with your own hands: drawings and dimensions, photos, videos

Trolley trolley – trailed equipment for universal agricultural motor vehicles for transporting goods on personal and land plots. With the help of such a mechanism, garbage, animal feed, building materials, fertilizer, grain, inventory are transported.

tiller, cultivator

The trailer and tiller adapter are homemade varieties made by skilled mechanics. The adapter is a longitudinal beam with its own chassis, driver’s seat and footrest. This module makes it possible to work the soil in a sitting position, as well as attach 2 equipment at once – in front and behind.

The trolley is a type of adapter with a difference in the design of the undercarriage..

A purchased cart for a tiller is expensive. To save financial resources, craftsmen make it themselves, design construction drawings, select the necessary materials. The process of creating such a useful vehicle does not take long and is not difficult. Even a beginner, at least a little versed in technology, can handle it..

A brief overview will help you understand the question of how to make a tiller cart yourself with good performance.

Trolley making

In order to understand how to make a cart to the tiller with your own hands, you need to perform the following operation algorithm:

  • For the manufacture of a supporting welded rigid frame, take 5 pipe blanks, cut off the ends of an angle grinder.
  • Press with clamps to the chipboard sheet and weld the joints of 3 longitudinal blanks with 2 perpendicular ones so that they create a lattice frame.
  • Check the geometry of the structure with a regular construction square. The angles of the connected ribs must be 90 °.
  • Install spacers between the tacked workpieces in the corners of the bottom and in the center, tack with welding.
  • To the longitudinal pipes of the bottom, make tacks with a welding electrode 4 vertical posts in the corners.
  • Check the perpendicularity of the corners, check the dimensions of the sides of the structure with the dimensions in the drawing of the cart for the tiller.
  • Finally weld all the workpieces to each other, grind the welded seams, clean them of sagging and formations.
  • The body can be made of plywood or wooden planks, while the corner joints are fixed with steel corners.
  • Boards are mounted on the frame and bolted on.
  • More durable sides of the master are made of steel sheets. The sides can be hinged and fixed. Hinged sides of the body are considered more rational, because unloading cargo of large volumes is easier. The sides are also made of square or rectangular metal pipes. They are performed, like the frame, they are grabbed, the geometry is checked for strength and to avoid braces and deviations, they are finally welded, rigidly attached to the frame. The tailgate is fastened with ordinary door hinges and equipped with latches.
  • Take a metal rod with a diameter of 30 mm and a length of about 1050 mm to make an axle for wheels, connect it with a longitudinal hinge and corner supports. The length should be chosen so that the axle does not go beyond the limits of the wheels. Sharpen it to the required diameters of the bearings in the hubs.
  • As a running gear, you can take a wheelbase from a scooter, stroller, wheelbarrow or other agricultural machinery. Heavy wheels from a car trailer with hubs are not recommended to be installed.
  • For the manufacture of the drawbar, take 2 profile pipes with a diameter of 25×50 mm and a length of about 1.85 m, weld them to the frame beam so that a triangular structure is obtained. For reinforcement in the corners, metal kerchiefs with a thickness of 4 mm are attached by welding, a plate with a thickness of 8 mm is attached in front of the trolley.
  • Tipper technology provides for the installation of door hinges attached to the bottom of the beam and to the bottom struts.
  • Sheathe the frame of the structure made with wooden boards, plastic or metal.
  • The driver’s seat on the tiller with a trolley is installed ready-made or in the form of homemade boxes from a piece of chipboard and foam rubber sheathed with dermantin. Such boxes are necessary to hide inventory and materials..
  • The machine’s parking brake can be used as a brake. Fix the brake pedal made of 6 mm thick plate on the footrest under the seat, weld 2 corners. Install the pedal in the front part, in the back – a plate with 2 holes for fastening brake cables, the ends of which are connected to a T-shaped plate with a rod.

In this way, you can make a do-it-yourself trolley cart.

Trolley device

tillers and motor cultivators on trailers consist of the following basic elements:

  • frame;
  • body;
  • hitch or drawbar;
  • driver’s seat;
  • steering gear;
  • chassis.

To withstand heavy loads, a homemade tiller cart is reinforced with special stiffeners.

For a 1-axle trailer, a manual device is sufficient. A 2-axle tipper wagon with a heavy lifting capacity must be hydraulically operated against tipping..

With a lifting capacity of over 350 kg, the self-propelled cart is equipped with braking parts for safety. Mechanical brakes can be made by yourself. If these details are not taken into account, then when overloading during descent from a hill, the tiller’s trolley with its own hands will not be able to stop and overturn. In order for it to remain in the working position after disconnecting from the tiller, the stops are installed.

Materials and tools

To work, you need the following tools:

  • angle grinder for cutting parts;
  • welding machine;
  • welding electrodes;
  • jigsaw;
  • screwdriver;
  • regular construction square for measuring angles.

In the manufacture of a trailed structure, the following materials and parts will be needed:

  • metal profile pipes of square or rectangular cross-section;
  • wheels and springs;
  • duralumin sheets 2 mm thick;
  • steel sheets;
  • channel;
  • metal corners;
  • metal rod;
  • fasteners.

All parts, especially if these are remnants of old metal products, are carefully inspected for damage, cracks, cleaned of rust, cut off.

Do-it-yourself trolley for a motorized towing vehicle

A motorized towing vehicle (motorized dog) is a device for transporting goods, traveling through snow and wetlands. The towing vehicle itself has a caterpillar track and is complemented by a sled. A sleigh trailer is convenient in winter, provided there is a large snow cover, however, in summer or in snowless winters, using such a trailer is problematic.

Agricultural machinery manufacturers offer a wide range of trailers, adapters and carts, including those for a motorized towing vehicle. Some owners of such equipment create a cart with their own hands. Its device is practically the same as a tiller cart..

The main difference between a motorized towing vehicle, which dictates the features of the device of trailers, is a caterpillar track. These vehicles are ideal for off-road use, so the trailer must meet the same requirements..

Two types of trailers are recommended for motorized dogs: a loading platform and a skidder. Both options are difficult to implement, so it is better to adapt the finished trolley for the tiller. Drawings and dimensions for the trolley and tiller will be almost the same, so you can use any.

The main feature of the trailer for this type of equipment is the low pressure wheels. They have a high shock-absorbing effect and are excellent for off-road use. A cart with such wheels can be used at any time of the year. This modification requires axle reinforcement from the bogie, as well as wheel attachment. All other parts of the cart can remain unchanged..

Basic information

Before carrying out work on the manufacture of a trailer, it is necessary to develop a detailed action plan and adhere to it..

The work plan for the manufacture of a trailer for a tiller is as follows:

  • At the preparatory stage, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the device of the mechanism, analyze its functionality depending on the power of the tiller.
  • Sketch the structure. Self-made trailer diagram will greatly simplify the work.
  • Calculate the dimensions of the tiller cart.
  • Design a drawing of the trolley, on which to render the main units, parameters and dimensions of parts.
  • Plan the principle of operation of the main and additional mechanisms, think over ways of connecting all nodes and parts, their functioning.
  • Prepare a list of required materials and tools.
  • Start the assembly and finishing process.

Depending on the ability to transport cargo, trailers are divided into 3 types:

  • Simple 1-axle attachment for tillers up to 70 kg. Its design is simple and inexpensive..
  • Universal cart with carrying capacity up to 110-120 kg. It is often used in the household.
  • Trolley trolleys with a lifting capacity of over 120 kg. Such mechanisms are designed to move heavy loads, therefore, they have a more complex device, respectively, the cost of materials for the frame and cladding increases. The functionality of this technique is expanding.

Based on these parameters, the material is chosen according to its strength for the frame and finishing of the mechanism..

Do-it-yourself wheelbarrow for a tiller

A wheelbarrow for a tiller is an irreplaceable assistant in the household. Such a device allows you to transport goods (crops, garbage, building materials, etc.). You can make a trolley for a tiller with your own hands from auto parts or from individual materials. In both cases, welding and certain design skills are required. The wheelbarrow assumes the simplest design; any drawing of a trailer for tillers is suitable for its creation.

Read more:  How to make a barrel for a tiller

For the Neva MB-2 tiller, a hinged wheelbarrow with an H-shaped coupling is suitable. This type of connection is universal and easy to manufacture. The hitching point of the wheelbarrow and the tiller is one of the most important units that receives a large load, therefore the materials for its creation must be strong, it is mandatory to check for defects (cracks, rust).

A wheelbarrow for a tiller consists of a frame, sides and wheels. If you add a seat and a steering column to it, you get an analogue of a mini-tractor. Any of the options for a wheelbarrow for a tiller can be made from improvised means, there are many photos and videos on the Internet with the process of assembling devices.

Do you use trailers, adapters and tiller cars?

Tiller cultivator

Cultivator for Tiller Motor Sich photo

Tiller mounted, tiller cultivator.

A cultivator for a tiller, this is an attachment for cultivating the land.

Cultivators are used for continuous tillage before sowing and for cultivating crops, loosening, weed control, moisture conservation, hilling.

The difference between a cultivator and a plow – the cultivator performs loosening without turning the soil layer.

Cultivators consist of a cultivator rack and a cultivator arrow photo.

  • flat-cut duckfoot cultivator share
  • universal cultivator share
  • loosening rigid cultivator share
  • loosening spring cultivator share

Arrows of cultivator paws are made of steel grade 65G, when sharpening cultivator arrows, the metal must not be overheated.

It is also possible and necessary to harden the cultivator arrow, heat it. For hardening, the paw is heated to 820 ° (light cherry red heat), after which the arrow is cooled by lowering it into an oil bath. After cooling, the cultivator arrow is released, that is, heated again to 400 ° (gray tarnishing) and slowly cooled in air.

After such operations, the file does not leave any trace on the cultivator arrows and the cultivator paws normally perform their work on tillage.

Disadvantages of MTZ tillers

  • High cost in comparison with analogues from other manufacturers;
  • Fuzzy gear fixation (as noted by the owners);
  • The need to apply effort to switch the differential;
  • Compulsory running-in before use.
  • The weight. It can be attributed to the advantages and disadvantages at the same time, because with such tillers it is rather difficult to manage on wet soil..

Flat cutters on the tiller: advantages and disadvantages of operating the device

Flat cutters can be safely called a kind of hybrid of a harrow and a knife. They are mounted parallel to the ground or at a slight angle. As a result, the device is immersed in the soil to a shallow depth and cuts off the roots of weeds, thereby turning the soil itself, contributing to a better preservation of moisture and nutrients.

In addition to these positive aspects, flat cutters:

  • improve the condition of the soil;
  • destroy the crusts and lumps formed after heavy rain;
  • scare off pests;
  • prepare the soil for long-distance planting of plants;
  • carry out inter-row cultivation of crops;
  • saturate the upper layer with oxygen.

Naturally, in some cases, the owners purchase flat cutters with a ripper for a tiller, which not only perform the mentioned tasks, but also remove unnecessary load from a person, are easy to operate, do not need to be lifted and are distinguished by excellent productivity. Such devices often have a fairly affordable cost, but some craftsmen manage to create flat-cut rippers for a tiller with their own hands.

How to make a cultivator for a tiller with your own hands. The main stages of creating a cultivator and the importance of their indispensable observance

How to assemble a cultivator on a tiller with your own hands? This lesson is quite simple for those who have the skills to work with similar devices and understand their design. To further simplify the work, there is a certain structure, implying a breakdown of the entire process into certain stages, different in their purpose and functional performance. These subsections look as follows and characterize the entire procedure for creating a device in the best possible way:

  • drawing up a plan for the future device;
  • collection of the necessary tools;
  • assembly of the device.

A home-made cultivator, assembled in accordance with these criteria, will have the best qualities and will become an indispensable assistant both in the summer cottage and in your own garden.

At the same time, a self-made device will be convenient and practical, since in the process of assembling all the parameters and design features should be performed based on your own anthropometric data, in addition, based on your own preferences and desires.

Do-it-yourself flat cutter for a tiller: a simple method of manufacturing

If the tiller has quite impressive characteristics, it is advisable to make several flat cutters and place them on the device. Thus, an even more productive unit will be obtained, which will not only save time, but also energy..

For excellent cross-country ability of the created plane cutter, you need to take care of the appropriate wheels. Almost any material is suitable for them. An iron tube is an excellent choice as an axis..

Then, on both sides of the concrete cutting, it is advisable to weld two circles. Several wires must be attached along the diameter (using a welding machine), the diameter of which does not exceed 8 mm.

On the axis from the inside, it is necessary to leave room for placing the bearing and further installing the homemade flat cutter. Since the tiller body is not always made of a very durable material, the main focus is on the axle. After the bearing is attached, a plate should be welded to it.

Plane cutter knives can be crafted from split sections of the mower. Their lightness and compactness make them ideal components of the cutting element. It is important to make sure that they are securely fastened, otherwise the structure will walk from side to side and not perform its task efficiently..

Small wheels are often used to limit the immersion depth. An excellent “donor” can be a standard children’s car.

The wheels themselves can be supplemented with iron parts so that the plastic does not deteriorate while driving. The immersion depth must be at least 5 cm.

Any part of the weight can be welded on to increase the weight on the cultivator cutter and increase the pressure to enter the soil. In the case of a lack of necessary components, you can use a basket with bricks, but such a solution is not very convenient..

For a better understanding of the design features, it is suggested that you familiarize yourself with the drawings. The videos presented can also become a guide, because on these materials many craftsmen share their experience with users and reveal the secrets of creating truly durable and reliable attachments for a tiller.

It is worth noting that the created plane cutter is suitable both for Neva tillers and for equipment of the Centaur, Salut and others brands. The versatility of the product allows you to create a truly excellent assistant at home and without special financial costs.!

Advantages of MTZ models

  • Versatility, thanks to which you can connect any attachment to the tiller to facilitate agricultural work. The design provides not only the use of plows, cutters, harrows, and other things, but also brushes, plows and snow blowers for cleaning the territory.
  • Small dimensions, allowing the tiller not to take up much space during storage.
  • Maneuverability thanks to a well-thought-out design despite the significant weight of the unit.
  • Easy to maintain.
  • The ability to repair without resorting to the services of service centers.
  • Low requirements for the quality of fuel and lubricant.
  • Spare parts availability.

Do-it-yourself cultivator for a tiller drawings and dimensions. How to make a tiller cultivator

Before making a cultivator for a tiller with your own hands, it is necessary to treat all metal elements with a special anti-corrosion compound against the premature appearance of rust after frequent contact with the ground.

Simple models can be made without drawings. To make and correctly assemble more complex devices, it is necessary to plan the work, calculate the dimensions of the module and parts.

A homemade pitchfork cultivator is an easy way to recycle (rework) products. For this, the teeth of the mechanism are bent with a hammer like a corkscrew and are mounted on the handle. A shovel handle is used as a handle. Use electrical tape for fastening.

Some craftsmen manage to make a cultivator with their own hands from a bicycle frame with a wheel. A steel bar is welded or bolted between the 2 base blocks. The head is mounted to the cross member. For this design, it is recommended to take a medium-sized wheel..

Read more:  DIY tiller jack dimensions

In order to correctly assemble a disc cultivator and work correctly with cutters, it is necessary to design schemes of assemblies and individual parts. Taking into account the deformation of the discs, special adjusting nuts are used. The discs are welded to bushings located on a rotating axle with brackets. On the bracket, it is necessary to provide a protrusion where the pipe will pass. The cultivator handle is attached to the pipe surface.

Best Helper for Plowing / Handmade Motor-Cultivator

Grousers for a homemade motor cultivator

Our cultivator has to ride somehow. Select the wheels you want. Remember that small wheels will get stuck in the ground and interfere with your work. Too large wheels will be difficult for a homemade cultivator to turn. The selected wheels are fixed on steel corners, which are placed on the gear housing. Attaching the wheels to your homemade gear is not all. Secure the lugs to the wheels. With the help of them, the cultivator will better bite into the ground..

Take car springs or just corners and cut out the hooks of the desired diameter from them. For maximum effect, set the hook angle to 120 °.

When you finish the work with the connection of all the parts, you will be able to use your own hand-made cultivator for several years. If you want the machine to simply smash the whole earth into large chunks, you will need to go with it quickly. The lower speed of the passage grinds the earth into the smallest particles – it all depends on the speed of work with the cultivator. Before using it, lubricate the shaft of the mechanism with oil so that the homemade product will last longer without breakdowns..

By the same principle, you can also take an engine from a washing machine for a homemade cultivator. Disassemble the children’s bike and fit the sprockets and bicycle chain to your unit. As a result, you will get such a self-made electric cultivator. True, if you decide to make this unit with your own hands, keep in mind that the wire will constantly get tangled under your feet and interfere. Due to the fact that the power supply of the mechanism depends on the network and the cable, you will not go further than its length will allow.

How to make a cultivator with your own hands: simpler options

There is such a cultivator – “Nimble kid”. Let’s see how you can make one at home..

Take the wooden axle. It will become the connector for the rest of the parts. On this axis it is necessary to fix a pipe 24 mm in diameter. It will serve as a handle, therefore, in order not to bend into three deaths, choose the length of the pipe for your height.

Attach wheels with a diameter of not more than 200 mm to the axle mentioned. the cultivator will rest on wheels, the height of the tool above the ground depends on the height of the wheels that we have adapted to it. By the way, the wheels need to be cut out of metal 2-3 mm in thickness. After you have connected all of the above, you can work on the ground.

The word cultivator does not only mean motor units. You can also use hand tools in your country house. It is much better than a standard boot and is much easier to make at home than a motorized cultivator. Have you heard of the Tornado cultivator? It looks like a defective pitchfork.

DIY tiller cultivator

Do-it-yourself flat cutter for a tiller: a simple method of manufacturing

If the tiller has quite impressive characteristics, it is advisable to make several flat cutters and place them on the device. Thus, an even more productive unit will be obtained, which will not only save time, but also energy..

For excellent cross-country ability of the created plane cutter, you need to take care of the appropriate wheels. Almost any material is suitable for them. An iron tube is an excellent choice as an axis..

Then, on both sides of the concrete cutting, it is advisable to weld two circles. Several wires must be attached along the diameter (using a welding machine), the diameter of which does not exceed 8 mm.

On the axis from the inside, it is necessary to leave room for placing the bearing and further installing the homemade flat cutter. Since the tiller body is not always made of a very durable material, the main focus is on the axle. After the bearing is attached, a plate should be welded to it.

Plane cutter knives can be crafted from split sections of the mower. Their lightness and compactness make them ideal components of the cutting element. It is important to make sure that they are securely fastened, otherwise the structure will walk from side to side and not perform its task efficiently..

Small wheels are often used to limit the immersion depth. An excellent “donor” can be a standard children’s car.

The wheels themselves can be supplemented with iron parts so that the plastic does not deteriorate while driving. The immersion depth must be at least 5 cm.

Any part of the weight can be welded on to increase the weight on the cultivator cutter and increase the pressure to enter the soil. In the case of a lack of necessary components, you can use a basket with bricks, but such a solution is not very convenient..

For a better understanding of the design features, it is suggested that you familiarize yourself with the drawings. The videos presented can also become a guide, because on these materials many craftsmen share their experience with users and reveal the secrets of creating truly durable and reliable attachments for a tiller.

It is worth noting that the created plane cutter is suitable both for Neva tillers and for equipment of the Centaur, Salut and others brands. The versatility of the product allows you to create a truly excellent assistant at home and without special financial costs.!

DIY motor cultivator: where to start and how to make

The main parts of a homemade motor-cultivator are a gearbox and an engine. First of all, we make the frame of the future cultivator, drill holes for installing the main units, and make handles for controlling the unit from two curved pipes with a diameter of 32 mm. Between the self-made handles, it is necessary to put another pipe, which will be like a spacer for us, increasing the strength of the structure. We will subsequently install a start button to one of the handles..

For the manufacture of the shaft, I used unnecessary scrap, welded an asterisk to it from the camshaft of a VAZ engine, and scalded the chain and both sprockets with metal making a cover.

I connected the three-phase motor according to the standard “triangle” scheme, place the capacitor starter button on the handle to make it more convenient.

Trailer

The presence of a trailer will make the cultivator as useful and functional as possible. But before making such a structure, you need to make sure that the machine can drag it.

Wheels

On a homemade motor-cultivator, you can put wheels from an old tiller, moped, bicycle or other vehicle with suitable dimensions.

Manufacturing scheme

Many experts argue that you should design a gasoline-type tiller on your own and at home..

Homemade dethatcher attachment for tiller or cultivator (Under $20)

How to make a cultivator from available materials

Before starting work, it is worth understanding the types of mechanisms that are designed to cultivate the land. According to the type of the power mechanism installed in the unit, they are divided into products with an electric motor, as well as with an internal combustion engine. The first type of mechanisms should be chosen only if there is power supply on the site.

All designs with an internal combustion engine can be used on any site, as they run on gasoline. It is worth remembering that when using them, you need to spend more money, but at the same time they are more effective. It should be remembered that their maintenance is more complicated..

Also, motor cultivators differ in the methods of soil cultivation. Some products are equipped with driven wheels, while others are equipped with attachments that simultaneously serve as a means of movement and a tool for working the land. In the first case, two gearboxes are used. The first is necessary to move the device at a certain speed. The second one rotates the attachment.

It is worth noting that there are also tillers in which the wheels are not driving, but are installed as a support on the ground, thanks to these elements, the movement of the unit is simplified. In this case, the movement of the unit occurs due to the rotation of the attachment. It is worth noting that when using mechanisms without driving wheels, you have to spend more effort in order to keep a home-made cultivator on a given trajectory. That is why many land owners create cultivators with driven wheels, which makes the process of soil cultivation easier..

Read more:  DIY tiller hubs

The cultivator wheels allow you to more effectively control the depth of the attachment in the ground. It is worth remembering that products with one drive axle have several advantages. For example, you can put wheels on an axle, and a plow behind them. Also, instead of wheels, you can attach volumetric cutters for loosening. It is worth remembering that a creeper must be installed on the cultivator. Such a device helps with wheel slip, as well as when working on heavy soils..

With a motor from a moped

a moped tiller is a tiller with a D-8 engine or with an Sh-50 engine. That is why for the full functioning of the structure, it is necessary to install an analog of the cooling system. Usually, for this, a tin vessel is soldered around the cylinder, which is intended for pouring water into it..

Important: the water in the vessel must be changed regularly, make sure that the temperature of the cylinder does not exceed 100 degrees Celsius. That is, if you notice that the water has begun to boil away, then you need to suspend work, cool the engine and replace the fluid..

Also, the device must be equipped with a gearbox using a bicycle sprocket. The bottom of such a design will be a thrust, so the output shaft must be secured and reinforced with metal bushings, which must be tightly attached to the gearbox.

In addition, the tiller can be made from a snowplow, from a trimmer.

Homemade motor cultivator: making an electric and gasoline unit

  • Internal combustion engine or electric motor. The electric drive can be borrowed from an old industrial compressor or ventilation system. As an internal combustion engine, an engine from a moped is optimal. There are often cases when a home-made motor-cultivator was assembled on the basis of a chainsaw. In any case, you will need to take care of an effective cooling system so that the motor does not overheat;
  • A gearbox is an indispensable part of any agricultural unit. The high speed that is observed on the shaft turns out to be too high for a small motor, therefore, the reduction gear will help to reduce the speed and increase the force on the working shaft;
  • Handles for operating the unit. They serve as organs for holding the cultivator. Also on the handles you need to place the speed change levers and clutches. In any case, the device should be as comfortable as possible..

Having found all these elements, you can start assembling. To make as few mistakes as possible, we advise you to prepare an approximate drawing, in which you need to indicate the connection sequence for each of the nodes..

From the chainsaw “Friendship”

Most often, home-made motor-cultivators designed for processing a small private area are made using a Druzhba chainsaw. The thing is that the manufacturing procedure itself is quite simple, and the Druzhba saw can be found in the household of many homeowners.

First of all, you should take care of the manufacture of the frame for the unit. Remember that the frame must be cubic. The engine from the chainsaw is placed and firmly attached to the upper corners of the designed frame, and the fuel tank is installed slightly lower, and the fasteners for it must be prepared in advance.

It is also imperative to use the vertical frame racks: they will accommodate the intermediate shaft supports.

Important: remember that the center of gravity of this design is above the wheels..

Transmission

For a homemade diesel tiller, however, like a motor-cultivator, you will need chains, sprockets, and an adapter shaft. They are mainly borrowed from decommissioned motorcycle, auto, agricultural machinery. The hubs of the stars are not difficult to make yourself, using pieces of iron and a lathe, since it is easy to find a detailed drawing or video on this topic on the Internet. A ready-made gearbox for a homemade product is taken from any moped model. In the preparation of a homemade gearbox, steel plates and cylindrical discs with teeth are used. You can install a homemade differential.

The kinematic scheme of homemade products is created as simple as possible in order to ensure greater reliability of the functioning of its mechanisms. The transmission of torque from the engine to the intermediate shaft is organized by means of a standard roller chain with a driving and driven sprocket. At the same time, the gear ratio of the intermediate is increased and the rotational speed of the output shafts is reduced..

Sometimes a so-called creeper is included in the transmission of a tiller or motor cultivator. This is a reduction gear that is necessary to obtain slow operating speeds (The video shows step-by-step instructions on how to assemble a creeper).

The installation of this device allows you to improve the management of homemade products and make its operation safe for humans. The creeper is bought or assembled on their own. How to make a hodo reducer yourself and what you need for this, you can watch both on the video and ask in thematic forums organized by skilled techies.

Do-it-yourself cultivator with an electric drive

Two 1500 W electric motors are used as a power plant. They are combined into a single system using a belt and pulleys of the same diameter. On one of the motors, the pulley is double, and with the help of the tension roller, the torque is supplied to the working pulley connected to the primary shaft of the gearbox.

The rear wheels are not driving; when installed on the front axle of the rotor nozzle, they become a supporting structure. If you put wheels on the drive axle, the rear axle gives stability to the structure. With this arrangement, you can attach a variety of attachments, from a flat cutter cultivator to a lance ripper..

The gearbox in this design is used ready-made, from a broken tiller “Neva”. After replacing worn out gears – performance is restored.

The advantage of such a gearbox is the durability of the casing. Therefore, it is used as a constructive element of the cultivator. The front drive axle is an extension of the output shaft of the gearbox.

The frame is assembled from scrap materials, from a powerful ventilation system, from decommissioned military equipment. From the same place, taken aluminum pipes for the rack of the control sticks. The attachment bracket is made from a plow holder from discarded agricultural machinery. Wheels were taken from her.

The only item purchased is the power cable. The length of 20 m is enough for processing a land plot with an area of ​​4 ares, with a socket installed in the corner of the field.
Motor-cultivator with a moped engine.

A drawing of the device is shown in the illustration:

The D8 moped motor was used as a power plant. Air cooling on the cultivator does not work due to low speed. Therefore, a tin container is soldered around the cylinder, into which water is poured. Periodically adding liquid, you do not allow the cylinder block to heat up above 100 ° C.

Chain reducer, two-stage.
Bicycle and moped sprockets are used. The casings are welded from 3 mm thick sheet steel. The lower stage of the gearbox has a power function, therefore the output shaft is reinforced with steel bushings fixed on the gearbox housing.

Conclusion: The designs turned out to be durable and reliable, tested by more than one dozen gardeners. You can always make changes to any of them, based on the materials you have..

A motor-cultivator with a moped engine – video. A homemade frame is welded from a 40x40x5 corner and a 20×20 profile pipe. A gearbox from a VAZ 2101 is installed, the transmission from the engine to the box is carried out through a chain. Everything is simple and tasteful. The rest of the details in the video clip.