Homemade tiller mowers
At a cost, factory mowers are quite affordable for consumers. But, perhaps, someone has the desire and ability to make a mowing machine with their own hands, or, due to the characteristics of the site, there may be specific requirements for haymaking. Those who want to show their personal abilities and skills can easily find the corresponding drawings and diagrams on the Internet, and make a disc mower for a tiller with their own hands as an inexpensive functional attachment.
A metal profile or corner is used for the frame, the knives are cut from sheet metal, installed using bearings. The work of a homemade rotary tiller mower with an adapter is an excellent result:
Why buy mowers for tilers when you can try to make excellent equipment with your own hands. this is what some equipment owners think. And, despite the fact that a home-made segment mower will require more skills, special tools and accessories, they are confidently trying their hand.
We suggest evaluating the design and functionality of a home-made segmental mower for a tiller:
Tiller Balers Overview
With the help of a roll or bale baler, the pick-up greatly facilitates the collection of dried grass, straw on the field, packing it into dense rolls, bales that can be easily removed from the field and stored in the required place. Square balers compress the dried crop into rectangular blocks. Round baler forms small, compact packages.
The EASY way to CLEAR LAND!
Various models of balers have been developed, which are driven by a belt drive without additional alterations. The baler for a tiller or cultivator has a more compact size. mini than for large productive tractors, it is designed for an average tiller capacity. Depending on the design of the baler and cultivator, the device can be aggregated in the front or rear of the tiller.
Today manufacturers offer many models of tiller balers of various capacities. Farmers who want to create a hay collector with their own hands usually have no difficulty finding the necessary components.
Demonstration of an efficient tiller baler
Now let’s figure out the design of the tedders for tillers and mini tractors like the Sun. For tillers, it is better to use a three-wheeled tedder; for tractors, five-wheeled tedders are suitable. So, we need a metal pipe, wire 4-7 mm, steel sheets 4 mm thick.
We will make a welded frame from a metal pipe, on which we will install brackets to which the wheels will be attached. Cut out the impeller discs from steel sheets. From the wire, we will make fingers that will rake the cut grass. They must be replaceable. Attach them to the discs with bolts.
To mount each wheel, we will use two bearings housed in the hubs. It is best to install the hubs from the classic VAZ model, in which the tapered bearings are located. Thanks to the metal cap on one side and the gland on the other, this assembly will keep the bearings from rusting even if you store them outdoors. Now you need to make a hitch in order to hang a homemade rake on the car. Its design must include adjustment using steel springs.
Executive body. drums with bent fingers, driven by support-drive wheels or from the power take-off shaft. When the tiller is moved by the tiller, the drum fingers grasp the grass stalks, lift them up to the grate, from which the tilled hay returns to the soil.
Drum-type units are the most productive and convenient in operation. But their cost will clearly confuse the owner of a small farm.
Drum (rotary) tedder
Different types of tedder designs
Rake-tedders, or tedders, are designed for harvesting hay, freshly cut grass or straw. With the help of the working part of the rake. wheels with steel curved beams. efficient raking of hay takes place. Today, several types of such tedders have already been created. The most popular among them are rotary and wheel mounted rakes.
Rotary tedders are a finger-type design based on horizontal rotors, that is, rotating engine parts. Beams are fixed on them with the help of springs, which will be engaged in raking and tedding hay. Thanks to this design, the height and angle of tedding can be adjusted.
Wheeled mounted tedders of the Sun type are convenient, first of all, because from 3 to 5 wheels are located obliquely from each other, which increases the efficiency of work. It is also clear that the use of 3-5 rakes at once significantly increases the speed of work. The wheels in the agitator are interchangeable, each is fixed on two bearings, and this greatly facilitates their repair.
Also, the fingers on the tedders whip up the hay or straw mowed, increasing windrow ventilation.
It is this construction of the Sun type that is easiest to do with your own hands.
Of course, if you have certain skills, then a tedder for a tiller or mini tractor will not seem such an intricate invention.
Overview and types of mowers, lawn mowers and tiller trimmers
Many owners of personal plots, summer cottages, farms have adapted to use tiller mowers instead of standard trimmers and lawn mowers. Naturally, it will be difficult to mow hectares of fields with such devices, but it is quite possible to put in order 30-50 hectares.
When choosing a mower, they proceed from the specific work for which it is planned to use the device, what is the relief of the territory, the height and type of vegetation, the expected width of coverage when mowing.
Manufacturers produce rotary and segment mowers of various designs, which are optimally aggregated with various basic types of tillers: Pubert, Caiman, Neva, Kentavr, Ugra, Oka, Kaskad, etc. Models of mowers of domestic manufacturers are in great demand.
Rotary mower under PTO (power take-off shaft)
This attachment provides a cutting width of 850 mm and a cutting height of up to 70 mm. The mower is capable of mowing not only soft grass like a delicate lawnmower, but also rough dried vegetation. Installed at the rear of the tiller on the power take-off shaft. Suitable for medium power tillers.
Rotary mower for belt
The front mower is aggregated on heavy water-cooled tillers. Successfully mows tall grass, tough crops. Mowing parameters: working width 80-85 cm, in some models up to 110 cm.
Side rotary mower
The attachment is installed under the belt drive, cutting width 80-85 cm.
Segment belt mower
Such a model can provide a wide cutting width when mowing. up to 110 cm.When using an adapter, it can be installed on a tiller with a PTO.
A detailed, very thorough instruction on how to properly install a rotary mower on a tiller, make settings, maintain, use as a lawn mower, is described in a detailed video review:
The design of rotary (disc) mowers for the tiller is simple: the frame is equipped with cutting discs. one, two or three. According to the connection method, rotary tiller mowers are divided into three groups:
- mounted. mounted on the back;
- trailed or front-mounted. installed in the front of the tiller;
- semi-trailed. side-mounted.
When choosing the required mower model, you should focus on the power of the tiller or cultivator. The swath cut by the two-rotor mower is folded in the center between the wheels. The single rotor mower forms a swath on one side of the tiller.
The rotary mower is not afraid of obstacles for the tiller. in case of obstacles, thanks to a special design, the knives are folded under the discs.
Popular models of mowers for tillers: Zarya, front Scout RM1, rear Scout RM2, KM-0.5 Terminator, KR-0.5 Neva. How efficiently the rotary mower works can be seen by watching an interesting video.
Alfalfa Mowing: Tiller Mower
Rotary mower for tiller
Used in agriculture for more than III centuries. Our ancestors widely used a similar horse-drawn rake.
The modern design is based on an axle with two pneumatic wheels. A frame with semicircular springy teeth for collecting grass is movably mounted on the axis. The executive body can be raised and lowered, releasing the formed swath.
How to make a functional rake for a tiller with your own hands
On sale, as a rule, if you can find a rake, then most often they are very bulky and inconvenient or too expensive. Therefore, the best option for many is to make a homemade rake to the tiller from improvised materials with their own hands. Of the main types of rakes, universal and tedders can be noted.
The universal type of rake is most often used for harvesting hay in a swath. Their grip width is 115-200 cm. These are the most optimal dimensions for this design. The tedders are designed for raking and turning green or dry grass and straw. The working tool of such a rake looks like raking fingers on the rods.
Mowing grass and making hay are some of the most important agricultural jobs. To mechanize these processes, a wheeled rake for a tiller is used. Their use significantly increases the productivity of hay harvesting. Haymakers are also used for collecting hay, wrapping it, tedding and mowing, and wheeled ones can be used on all areas of land with flat terrain.
Description of the fixture
the tiller is an indispensable tool in any home garden. For active planting and harvesting, the monoblock is used together with special units, most often mounted, which are able to dig and harrow the ground with any structure, as well as loosen it. It can also be used for weed control.
The hay rake is a productive tool for working with soil in spring. Since hand tools are very small in width, a similar version with a large grip can be attached to the monoblock. It can make your gardening work more efficient.
Everyone knows that even the fastest manual work cannot be compared with the same mechanized one. Despite the best efforts made, in bad weather it is incredibly difficult to handle the huge volume of work. And it happens that efforts are simply wasted. After heavy rains, hay harvested can be irreversibly deteriorated. Even after drying such hay, it will have no value and can quickly become moldy. This animal feed is unsuitable and can only be thrown away.
It is in order that all your work is not in vain that you can make mechanized wide hay harvesting nozzles for the tiller with your own hands. They will help you quickly collect dried grass from vast hay areas. The material used for self-assembly of the rake is most often metal pipes for the water supply.
The diameter of the pipes should be about fifteen centimeters. Making a functional rake for a tiller with your own hands is not difficult. For specimens with a wide hay grip, water pipes of different diameters are excellent.
How to do it yourself
If you decide to make a cross rake yourself, you will need the following set:
- welding machine;
- two wheels;
- metal axle;
- profile pipe;
- metal rods;
- rake tubes.
Experienced gardeners recommend choosing a rake model not in one piece, but in a folding version. The transverse homemade rake to the tiller, which can be folded in practice, turns out to be more comfortable and mobile during transportation. With a hand-made rake, you can achieve maximum mobility in raking hay. That is why they must be fully mechanized to work. The technological process for the manufacture of these devices is quite simple.
In the process of their design, you need to pay attention to the presence of such components as levers, drawbars, rods, struts, axles for wheels and crossbars for teeth. It is from the tube that all the elements for the rake are made with their own hands, except for the teeth. Ordinary metal rods can serve as them.
As the drawings describe, the pipe sections are assembled into a structural solution. They can be tightly welded into one piece, or you can firmly insert one pipe into another. The traction mechanism will determine the free rotation of the tiller, so the wheels do not need bearings. Having calculated the efficiency of cleaning the hayfield, you can choose any diameter of the rake grab with your own hands.
There are a lot of ideas for making homemade elements for working units. As well as the required blueprints, they are available. Therefore, the best solution would be to use them and make a multifunctional rake for the tiller yourself, because they will significantly increase the productivity of your work.
The tiller segment mower is a type of front-mounted mowing machine, designed for mowing grass and hay in areas with different terrain, and the grass is cut directly at the root. These mowers can be attached to the tiller in two ways:
- in front with a drive belt (it is better to use a three-ribbed pulley);
- rear, using a power take-off shaft (PTO) and a special adapter (adapter).
The attachment is used for both soft and hard grasses, it is also relevant for stubble mowing.
The design is very simple and unpretentious to maintain. The mower consists of a rigid frame, on which two bars with cutting elements (fingers) are fixed, one of which is completely motionless, the other reciprocates right and left. Scissor principle. grass falls between the cutting edges and is cut by them.
We offer you to watch a video of the work of a Chinese mower for a tiller:
The “Sun” tedder rake consists of a tubular frame on which from two to four independently rotating discs can be mounted. These tedders are ideal for areas with uneven terrain. The discs are equipped with high quality bearings, and are fixed to the frame with special holders. The processing width can reach more than 2 m. This equipment is mounted at the rear of the tiller and is suitable for both domestic units and Chinese equipment. If desired, the “Sun” rake can also be aggregated with a small tractor.
How these rake tedders work for a tiller will be told in a short
Mowers, rakes, balers for tiller
Trimmers for tiller
There is also such equipment as trimmers, which can be attached to the tiller, used independently, or have their own wheelset. The main working body of the trimmer is cord (dense line), but special knives may also be included in the package.
Homemade dethatcher attachment for tiller or cultivator (Under 20)
In addition, petrol hand trimmers can be equipped with different attachments: brush cutters, pole saws, etc.
We offer you to watch the work of a homemade wheel trimmer for a tiller:
The rotary nozzle on the tiller can be attached in all three ways (rear, front, side), depending on the location of the cutting bodies for a particular mower model.
The range of disc (rotary) mowers assumes the presence of one, two, or three discs, which are fixed on a rigid frame. A support wheel is attached to the same frame, which is connected to the working bodies of the mower by means of a transmission. This support wheel, by its rotation, drives the working elements of the mower.
The main application of a rotary mower to a tiller with a PTO:
- weed control;
- mowing grass;
- hay mowing;
- fallen grass.
We offer you to watch a video of the work of a disc (rotary) mower for a tiller:
The bale tiller baler works on a different principle. The hay enters the bale chamber in the same way with the help of the auger, then the chamber is filled to the stop and the knitting mechanism starts. two threads tie a rectangular bale, after which it is pushed out. Bale-type units have the ability to adjust the density and height of the finished bale, in addition, rectangular blocks of hay or straw are more convenient to store and transport.
We offer you to watch a video review of the work of the square baler:
Another useful tiller-powered canopy is a hand-made straw chopper. It will help you grind the feed just before serving it to your pets. tiller drives cutter knives.
How this happens. we suggest looking at
This device allows the owner of the land plot not only to carefully select the mown hay or grass, freeing up the soil for further processing, but also to compactly pack them and prepare them for further transportation. The tiller baler can be of two types:
Basically, due to the more compact size and simpler design, in private households they prefer to use roll-up sheds. Bale. more typical of farms.
Homemade rake for tiller: blueprints for manufacturing
We make a rake for the tiller with our own hands: drawings with dimensions, photos of production, a video showing the rake at work.
Harvesting hay manually is a rather laborious process, in order to facilitate work and not to rake the cut grass manually, you can use a tiller with a hay harvesting device.
In this article, we will take a closer look at how to make a homemade rake for a tiller with our own hands.
Diagram of a homemade hay picker.
- 1. drawbar;
- 2. lever;
- 3. traction (raises-lowers the rake);
- 4. brace;
- 5. rack;
- 6. rake with teeth;
- 7. hub;
- 8. axis;
- 9. wheel.
Materials for making homemade products:
- Pair of wheels with a diameter of 30. 50 cm.
- Metal rod, pipe, for making axle.
- The drawbar can be made from a profile pipe.
- For the teeth, you will need rods with a diameter of 6. 8 mm.
- Rake mechanism. pipes with a diameter of 30 mm for the axle and 40 mm for its fastening.
- Springs can be used ready-made or bent independently.
Tiller rake drawing.
Detailed dimensional drawings for DIY hay picking with a tiller.
- 1. bushing (pipe 33.5 x 3.2 mm. 2 pcs).
- 2. cross member (pipe 21.3 x 2.8 mm).
- 3. cross member bushing (tube 26.8 x 2.8 mm).
- 4. brace (pipe 21.3 x 2.8 mm).
- 5. leg (pipe 26.8 x 2.8, 2 pcs).
- 6. bushing (pipe 33.5 x 3.2, 2 pcs).
Rod, pivot joint.
- 1. draft (pipe 21.3 x 2.8mm).
- 2. bolt М 8.
- 3. nut М 8 (2 pcs.).
- 4. bracket.
- 5. rake console.
- 1. handle (pipe 21.3 x 2.8 mm).
- 2. drawbar (pipe 26.8 x 2.8 mm).
- 3. bracket (St3, sheet s5, 2 pcs.).
- 4. stop (St3, sheet s5, made with the dimensions of pos. Z without a hole).
- 5. adapter sleeve (pipe 33.5 x 3.2 mm).
- 1. lever (StZ, strip 30 × 4 mm).
- 2. handle (StZ, rod with a diameter of 12 mm).
- 1. console (pipe 26.8 x 2.8 mm).
- 2. bracket.
- 3. tooth (steel 45, bar d8,17 pcs).
In this video, the author shows the principle of operation of a homemade hay harvesting device for a tiller.
Convenient homemade seeder for tiller
Conventionally, seeders for tillers are divided according to the number of simultaneously sown rows. from 1 to 5, vegetable seeders and precision seeders are also distinguished.
Vegetable seeders are used for dotted sowing of vegetables: carrots, onions, beets. The device for feeding the seeds is driven by the support-drive wheels of the sections. In addition, the rotational speed of the apparatus is regulated by replaceable sprockets.
Seed drills for vegetable precision seeding have a brush seeding device. In such a device, a rotating brush agitates a layer of seeds in the hopper so that they pour out into an opening located in its rear wall. The hole is closed by a rotary disc with holes of different diameters. By turning the disc, you can change the size of the holes and thus change the seeding rate.
A homemade seeder to the tiller is usually connected to the tiller using a universal coupler, thanks to which the tiller can be equipped with two-row and four-row seeders.
Making a homemade disc hiller for a tiller
We begin to make a homemade disc hiller for a tiller by looking for covers from steel pans that are unnecessary in the household (better not enameled, but just metal). The required diameter is about 40-50 cm, taking into account the fact that the depth of germination of potato roots into the ground is no more than 15-20 cm. Next, we sharpen the blades of the covers, and in our case they are already the disks of the hiller, on a grinding machine. If the covers are flat, then they are slightly bent to one side with a hammer.
Further, in order to make a convenient hiller, you need to make a cart, to which the disks that move the soil will be attached. It can be a structure of pipes and bushings; we attach small support wheels to its lower frame.
After that, you can proceed to testing such a hiller right on the potato plot of the garden.
Homemade Tiller Shovel
The tiller often acts as a bulldozer, leveling the ground, as well as clearing sidewalks or roads from snow and mud. For it is equipped with a shovel blade.
A homemade shovel is made for a tiller without any difficulties if you have an “angle grinder”, a drill and a welding machine on your farm.
You will not have to look for a suitable metal for a long time, since an ordinary two hundred liter steel barrel is suitable for making a shovel-blade. By carefully cutting it into three pieces, you get three curved segments for the shovel. Having welded two of them along the contour, you get a shovel. A blade with a metal thickness of 3 mm, which is quite enough for the required rigidity of the blade-blade.
Homemade gadgets for the tiller, description, video, photo
The first thoughts to make homemade devices for the tiller, appears after the need to transport goods, so I started an epic with useful devices for the tiller and was the first to make a homemade trailer.
Homemade rake for tiller
If you wish, you can easily make a homemade rake for the tiller. For the wide hay rake, you can use conventional water pipes with different diameters. You will need to put a special sleeve on the round rod, and then tap its surface, slightly twisting.
When making, a round rod is best suited. Most of the parts of the rake are fastened with electric welding, since this method is simple, and at the same time a reliable design is obtained.
Greater design simplicity can be achieved if the swivel parts on the axles are fixed without rolling bearings.
It is better to fold the hay rake to the tiller, as this will simplify their transportation.
How to make a homemade plow for a tiller correctly
Do I need to make a plow for a tiller if you don’t have special metalworking skills? Yes, it’s worth it. The design of this agricultural tool is quite simple and therefore it is correct for everyone to make a homemade plow for the tiller.
Before starting to implement your idea, you need to look through the previous posts on our site, where we described the manufacturing process in detail with drawings.
Professional tools are best suited for work, they will allow you to perform all technological operations with your own hands at the required level and at the same time maintain their quality. An amateur tool for this kind of work is unsuitable because its level of strength is insufficient to perform some of the operations.
How to make a homemade tiller blade
The tiller can serve as a bulldozer for leveling the ground, cleaning sidewalks or roads from dirt and snow. To do this, you need to make a homemade dump on the tiller, as a rule, sheet metal with a thickness of 1-2 mm is used. Inside the blade, four steel ribs (stiffeners) are welded from a sheet with a thickness of 3-4 mm.
Holes are drilled in them in place to fasten the blade with the rods in a strictly vertical position with respect to the front end of the tiller. It is also better to sheathe the bottom of the blade with tin, so that it does not burrow into the ground.
- 1. dump sheet (tin);
- 2. rack 4pcs (stiffeners);
- 3. the bottom sheet of the dump (tin);
- 4. knife; 5. tie rod fastening eye.
We do homemade products to the tiller with our own hands
For quick and high-quality soil cultivation, you need to make homemade “crow’s feet” cutters for the tiller, which will mix the soil to a sufficient depth and break up hard clods.
A homemade tiller rake is also a useful attachment. It is most correct to have several rakes of such different types.
A homemade hiller for a tiller will also be needed by every gardener. The hiller will allow the formation of even and high ridges on all beds with root crops.
A homemade tiller blade will make it easier to remove snow and sand from the land, create good conditions for further soil cultivation.