Do-it-yourself pololnik for a tiller

EXCELLENT TOOL FOR MASTERS AND NEEDLEWORK AND EVERYTHING FOR THE GARDEN, HOME AND COTTAGE LITERALLY GIVEN FEEDBACK.

An increasing number of gardeners are abandoning the traditional digging of beds, preferring non-moldboard tillage. But for this you need the appropriate equipment..

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Surface treatment is especially effective on sandy and silty unstructured soils. It allows you to preserve and increase the surface humus layer. Remaining stubble on the surface protects the soil from air and water erosion. And of course, it promotes snow retention, reduces evaporation and, accordingly, improves moisture retention in the soil..

In our city, the method of gentle tillage is actively developed by Vladimir Khoroshev.

His garden is located on the slope of the oxbow. Therefore, the terrace beds are located across the slope. The paths between them are covered with boards. The width of the beds is strictly 40 cm or 80 cm.This allows him to most effectively use a homemade cultivator-flat cutter attached to the tiller.

The first tests of the unit were successful: in 12 s, a passage of 9 m, a turn – and another 12 s back. The soil is loosened evenly, without lumps, to a depth of 175 mm.

The cultivator, by the way, can be adjusted to a working depth of 70 cm to 195 mm. The unit allows you to walk along the edge of the tropics without pulling out the deck. And at shallow depth, it does not tear the roots of garden trees and shrubs.

Khoroshev’s cultivator consists of a frame welded from a steel corner 25-25 × 5 mm, 5 flat-cut stands, 2 polyethylene support skis, an adapter plate and a plate for attaching to the tiller made of S10 mm sheet steel.

For welding the frame, corners with a shelf of 25 × 25 mm were required: longitudinal, 525 mm long – 3 pcs. and transverse, 255 mm long – 2 pcs., 230 mm – 4 pcs., and 125 mm – 4 pcs..

For fastening skis, 2 plates 155x25x5 mm with holes with a diameter of 10.5 mm were used. In the transverse corners, it was necessary to first mark and drill holes with a diameter of 6.5 mm for MB bolts for fastening flat cutters.

On the welded frame, 5 racks-flat-cutters are fixed according to the 1-2-2 scheme and 2 support skis.

The design of each strut-plane cutter consists of a ready-made header segment of the combine and a strip of metal 250x25x5 mm. To facilitate digging into the ground, two tails are cut in the segment, and in the upper part of the rack, two holes with a diameter of 6.5 mm are drilled for the MB fastening bolts.

The support skis are made of thick polyethylene, steel lugs and two M10 studs. The pins to the ski are pivotally attached to the MB bolts. Skis are attached to the frame and adjusted in height with two pairs of M10 nuts.

The adapter plate for fastening the unit to the tiller can be one-piece, welded or prefabricated. The main thing is to be able to adjust the position in height. The plate is attached to the frame along the axis of symmetry to the transverse corners for three MB bolts.

During operation, the unit was improved – 3 flexible knives were added. They are made from scrap from an industrial band saw. The length of the segments is 560 mm each, they had to be cut off the teeth and sharpened the edge. For fixation at the ends with a welding machine, 2 holes with a diameter of 6.5 mm were burned through. These knives were installed on the cultivator frame instead of flat-cut tines..

Tests have shown the high efficiency of using such loop knives both when plowing beds and when processing row spacing in the garden..

Plane cutter for a tiller with your own hands: Plane cutter for a tiller – what is it and how to do it yourself – Plane cutter for a tiller – how to create it yourself

tiller WITH A FLAT CUTTER OWN HANDS – DRAWINGS

Flat cutter-ripper for tiller – purpose, manufacturing

The tiller planer ripper is a type of attachment whose function is to remove weeds. In the process of work, this device quickly cuts off the stems of harmful plants, leaving them to rot on the site. Subsequently, the weeds turn into high-quality organic fertilizer, which can significantly accelerate the growth and development of crops grown.

do-it-yourself, pololnik, tiller

Homemade tiller attachments

For tillers of medium and high power, suppliers and manufacturers today offer a huge number of attachments and attachments that provide mechanization of many operations. However, despite such attractive offers and ready-made options for supplying kits, many owners prefer to make attachments for the tiller with their own hands. And the reason is not that homemade products are cheaper. By no means, if we take the cost of materials, then this is absolutely not the case. The problem lies elsewhere. Hand-made inventory for a tiller is, for the most part, tools that are universally selected in terms of their quality parameters and that meet the needs of a particular person..

This approach to the formation of a fleet of agricultural machinery makes it possible to take into account all possible features of both the site and the owner himself in the process of designing and assembling inventory..

The equipment under development for the unit is conventionally divided into equipment:

  • universal purpose;
  • highly specialized focus;
  • auxiliary equipment and devices to simplify the management of the tiller.

The universal means include, first of all, adapters and various types of trailers, making the tiller a universal transport platform both for transporting goods and as a convenient vehicle. Some models of tilers are capable of speeds up to 25 km per hour. Although the comfort of a mini tractor is still far from here, you no longer have to walk.

Highly specialized types of equipment are most often designed to perform only 1 or a maximum of 2 operations. However, these are the most popular tools from the point of view of consumer qualities for high-quality soil cultivation, performing operations for the care of crops, harvesting forage, and even used in construction. In part, it should be noted that among special-purpose homemade products, relatively simple types of tools prevail – plows, cutters, hillers. This is something that can be done from scrap materials and using the simplest power tool. But more complex elements are made using units from other equipment..

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And, of course, what makes it easier to control – a counterweight on the tiller, wheel weights and anti-slip chains, all this allows you to work with the unit all year round.

Learn to create a do-it-yourself flat cutter for a tiller

As the most accessible and simple method, you can consider the following maneuver: you need to measure a certain length of a steel long plate and sharpen it, thereby creating a knife blade. Hand tools are often sharpened on both sides, but tiller cutters do not need this. In this case, only one-sided processing will be sufficient..

The sharpened plate must be attached to the brackets (supporting) attached to the tiller hitch. So that the resulting plate does not sink into the soil to too great a depth, special limiters are used.

For this task, ordinary toy car wheels are suitable, the main thing is to choose the right size. Moreover, in order for these wheels not to break during the first operation, it is necessary to fill them with metal bushings in order to increase the level of durability. You need to place the resulting parts from below so that the tool blade is immersed in the ground no deeper than 5 cm.

An important point: if there is no metal plate at hand, you can use the segment mower blade, having previously divided it into 2 parts. But without fixing the obtained segments, you cannot proceed, otherwise the product will “run” from side to side and create discomfort for the operator.

In order for the immersion process to take place without much effort, it is advisable to weld a heavy part on top. After completing all the operations, you need to take care of the hitch, which will become a connecting link with the body. To do this, it is necessary to attach a bearing to the inner side of the axis, on which a plate will be located, which is a “base” for further screwing a homemade flat cutter.

For the purpose of a more detailed acquaintance with the specifics of the object, we present to your attention special drawings:

As you can see, it is not so difficult to independently create a high-quality flat cutter for a cultivator, the main thing is to have the necessary parts and desire. It is also quite pleasing that the created hitch is suitable for such tillers as Neva, Salyut, Oka, Zorya, Centaur, etc. Therefore, you can safely use this lesson and make sure from your own experience that with a serious approach even at home you can get a very worthy and useful part for a tiller.

Tillage tools – a plow and a plow for a tiller with your own hands

Before you make a hitch on a tiller for tillage, you should decide what is more important and prioritize in terms of the technique of processing the site. For large areas used for planting potatoes, root crops, grain crops, the best option would be a do-it-yourself plow for a tiller. To make it simpler and easier. But for beds for vegetable crops, for processing strips between the rows of a garden or final processing for planting, it is better to make a cutter. This will greatly facilitate further work..

With the ready hitch on the tiller, the most difficult thing in the manufacture of the plow is its shape. The body has a shape that is difficult to form and therefore it is better to make a plow from several components. It is better to make a do-it-yourself opener for a tiller of steel. The large force that this element will experience should not lead to its deformation. Moreover, it is the opener that is responsible for the plow lowering depth.

The plow share must be of the hardest metal possible. This is the part of the plow that cuts into the ground and cuts through its seam. The strength and power of this element will allow you to work with a plow both in the conditions of arable land, and to do preliminary processing of virgin lands. Despite the complexity of the blade design, it is quite simple to make it. For a curved blade, it is better to take a ready-made round or oval blank. Make a dump from it according to the drawing. Craftsmen for this usually use large pipes from 350 mm in diameter or gas cylinders. The moldboard is almost perfectly shaped.

One of the questions on how to make a plow for a tiller will be the manufacture of a field board – a stabilizing element for a plow that sets the direction of its movement when working on arable land.

A do-it-yourself plow for a tiller, just like a plow, is assembled from several elements. True, for the use of the plow in soil cultivation, it is better to provide a dump from the reinforcement, so that during the cultivation the soil looses as much as possible when the seam turns. In the design of the plow, it is better to provide not a frontal dump, but a double-sided dump with reinforcing rods.

Flat cutters on the tiller: advantages and disadvantages of operating the device

Flat cutters can be safely called a kind of hybrid of a harrow and a knife. They are mounted parallel to the ground or at a slight angle. As a result, the device is immersed in the soil to a shallow depth and cuts off the roots of weeds, thereby turning the soil itself, contributing to a better preservation of moisture and nutrients.

In addition to these positive aspects, flat cutters:

  • improve the condition of the soil;
  • destroy the crusts and lumps formed after heavy rain;
  • scare off pests;
  • prepare the soil for long-distance planting of plants;
  • carry out inter-row cultivation of crops;
  • saturate the upper layer with oxygen.

Naturally, in some cases, the owners purchase flat cutters with a ripper for a tiller, which not only perform the mentioned tasks, but also remove unnecessary load from a person, are easy to operate, do not need to be lifted and are distinguished by excellent productivity. Such devices often have a fairly affordable cost, but some craftsmen manage to create flat-cut rippers for a tiller with their own hands.

Disc cultivator for tiller

One of the most popular types of attachments for a tiller during the summer care period is the cultivator. You can make a do-it-yourself polisher for a tiller:

  • following the example of a classic cultivator in the form of a trailed ripper;
  • in the form of disc hillers used for processing root crops.
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The processing technology provides for the passage of the tiller between two rows of crops or when using a multi-box cultivator of three or even four rows.

Ripper hiller can have several types of tools installed in one body:

  • ripper;
  • two double-moldboard plow-flat cutters;
  • 2 disc harrows for the formation of ridges;
  • two discs for plant protection.

Do-it-yourself plant protection discs for a tiller are usually made of sheet steel. Depending on the purpose of the device to which they will be applied, their diameter is calculated. For cutters, usually the diameter is less than the cutters by 5-7 cm, and for a cultivator, they should be 30-35 cm in diameter. It is just that during milling, the plant area usually has a small height. But cultivation is carried out when the plants reach significant growth, and their breakdown at this stage can result in the death of the vegetable crop.

Medium-sized discs can be universal, with a diameter of 20-25 cm.At the same time, it is necessary to provide for a universal type of attachment to each type of attachment.

DIY tiller cutter

Tiller attachments in the form of a ground cutter can be used mainly for light and medium machines. For heavy models with a separate power take-off and the transmission of torque to trailed units for the tiller, the milling cutters with a chain drive are optimal..

The simplest cutters for loosening the soil can be four segment reciprocating cutters. Structurally, such a cutter is a pipe on which saber cutters are rigidly planted. For medium and light units, the axle shafts for the tiller are made collapsible. In this way, the width and speed of soil cultivation can be adjusted. If two segments are installed on each side of the gearbox, then the processing speed is significantly higher. True, the width in this case will be small. For axle shafts of two or even four elements, the working width can be increased up to 1.5 meters.

Do-it-yourself attachments for the tiller are made from a profile pipe. The profile is easier to install on the wheel reducer. And it is much easier and easier to articulate them when building up..

It is enough just to insert them into each other and secure with pins. Do-it-yourself half-shafts for a tiller are made from a square or hexagonal pipe with thick walls. For 1 set of cutters you will need:

  • pipes for the semi-axle body with a wall thickness of 2.5-3 mm and a length of 50-80 cm;
  • for connecting pipe segments of a smaller diameter 50-60 cm long;
  • 8 saber elements for the working body;
  • clamps on the axle shafts – 4 pieces;

The cutters themselves are recommended to be made from steel strip with a thickness of 5 mm or more. The best solution for making cutters is to use forged metal. In this case, the strength is higher and there is no need to sharpen the tool frequently. It is recommended to use, when developing the shape of a cutter for a tiller with your own hands, the drawings of the most successful models – a saber, curved or cutter with a triangular pointed element.

Universal trailer for tiller

The presence of a trailer provides mobility, because it is one thing to run a tiller with already installed units, another when a plow, cutter or potato planter is simply loaded onto a trailer and transported by the tiller itself.

It is necessary to calculate the parameters of trailed equipment for a tiller based on its power, the principle here is simple – 1 liter. from. means the ability to transport 100 kg of payload on a trolley. The simplest and most reliable scheme is a single-axle trailer with a central axle load. And although the carrying capacity of such a trailer is small, only up to 500 kg, this is quite enough to install a seat on the trailer and operate the tiller sitting on the trailer..

The most difficult thing here is to select the necessary components. It is easiest to use ready-made parts. For example, a do-it-yourself hub for a tiller is made from an automobile, for passenger cars. This allows the use of standard vehicle wheels and tires for the equipment of the unit. On the other hand, the hub from the VAZ classics is perfect for making other useful homemade products – lugs, winches, wheel weights.

For the trailer, a rectangular pipe structure is mainly used, but both a channel and an I-beam can be used as a frame base. It is better to provide for the sides for the trailer removable. It is preferable to immediately provide for the possibility of installing several types of boards on the platform:

  • wooden or metal for the transportation of bulk cargo;
  • lightweight, mesh for harvesting green mass for animals;
  • folding, with the possibility of increasing the usable area for hay transportation.

But in order to move comfortably on the roads, it is worth making wings for the tiller. If possible, immediately install mud flaps on them. After all, not all roads have asphalt and hard surface.

a trailer with a trailer can not be called a vehicle according to the law, today it is impossible, but this does not mean that the trailer should not be equipped with light signaling means.

Be sure to install at least 4 reflective elements on the trailer – 2 red at the rear and 2 white at the front. This will help the driver to identify the vehicle in the dark..

Tillage tools – a plow and a plow for a tiller with your own hands

Before you make a hitch on a tiller for tillage, you should decide what is more important and prioritize in terms of the technique of processing the site. For large areas used for planting potatoes, root crops, grain crops, the best option would be a do-it-yourself plow for a tiller. To make it simpler and easier. But for beds for vegetable crops, for processing strips between the rows of a garden or final processing for planting, it is better to make a cutter. This will greatly facilitate further work..

With the ready hitch on the tiller, the most difficult thing in the manufacture of the plow is its shape. The body has a shape that is difficult to form and therefore it is better to make a plow from several components. It is better to make a do-it-yourself opener for a tiller of steel. The large force that this element will experience should not lead to its deformation. Moreover, it is the opener that is responsible for the plow lowering depth.

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The plow share must be of the hardest metal possible. This is the part of the plow that cuts into the ground and cuts through its seam. The strength and power of this element will allow you to work with a plow both in the conditions of arable land, and to do preliminary processing of virgin lands. Despite the complexity of the blade design, it is quite simple to make it. For a curved blade, it is better to take a ready-made round or oval blank. Make a dump from it according to the drawing. Craftsmen for this usually use large pipes from 350 mm in diameter or gas cylinders. The moldboard is almost perfectly shaped.

One of the questions of how to make a plow for a tiller will be the manufacture of a field board – a stabilizing element for a plow that sets the direction of its movement when working on arable land.

A do-it-yourself plow for a tiller, just like a plow, is assembled from several elements. True, for the use of the plow in soil cultivation, it is better to provide a dump from the reinforcement, so that during the cultivation the soil looses as much as possible when the seam turns. In the design of the plow, it is better to provide not a frontal dump, but a double-sided dump with reinforcing rods.

Do-it-yourself flat cutter for a tiller: a simple method of manufacturing

If the tiller has quite impressive characteristics, it is advisable to make several flat cutters and place them on the device. Thus, an even more productive unit will be obtained, which will not only save time, but also energy..

For excellent cross-country ability of the created plane cutter, you need to take care of the appropriate wheels. Almost any material is suitable for them. An iron tube is an excellent choice as an axis..

Then, on both sides of the concrete cutting, it is advisable to weld two circles. Several wires must be attached along the diameter (using a welding machine), the diameter of which does not exceed 8 mm.

On the axis from the inside, it is necessary to leave room for placing the bearing and further installing the homemade flat cutter. Since the tiller body is not always made of a very durable material, the main focus is on the axle. After the bearing is attached, a plate should be welded to it.

Plane cutter knives can be crafted from split sections of the mower. Their lightness and compactness make them ideal components of the cutting element. It is important to make sure that they are securely fastened, otherwise the structure will walk from side to side and not perform its task efficiently..

Small wheels are often used to limit the immersion depth. An excellent “donor” can be a standard children’s car.

The wheels themselves can be supplemented with iron parts so that the plastic does not deteriorate while driving. The immersion depth must be at least 5 cm.

Any part of the weight can be welded on to increase the weight on the cultivator cutter and increase the pressure to enter the soil. In the case of a lack of necessary components, you can use a basket with bricks, but such a solution is not very convenient..

For a better understanding of the design features, it is suggested that you familiarize yourself with the drawings. The videos presented can also become a guide, because on these materials many craftsmen share their experience with users and reveal the secrets of creating truly durable and reliable attachments for a tiller.

It is worth noting that the created plane cutter is suitable both for Neva tillers and for equipment of the Centaur, Salut and others brands. The versatility of the product allows you to create a truly excellent assistant at home and without special financial costs.!

Tiller attachments have always been of particular interest to DIY craftsmen. A simple and at the same time universal device of the power unit of medium and heavy tillers allows you to create several types of attachments. And this means that all these relatively simple devices will make the tiller a real competitor to a modern tractor..

DIY How To Sharpen Tiller Tines

Homemade products for tiller

The question of where to start designing attachments for tillers is quite reasonable. The fact is that almost all tillers are equipped with trailers of a factory sample, designed for the use of standard types of equipment. It is necessary to clarify that it is the standard equipment that does not meet the needs of buyers – the trailed systems turn out to be too delicate and fragile when used in harsh operating conditions.

For domestic tillers, trailers are mainly made of steel by a welded method, but for mass Chinese production, it is mainly cast iron, or an alloy of metals. It is clear that for one body plow, even the most powerful cast iron adapter will not withstand.

Because the first thing that needs to be created is a do-it-yourself plow trailed to the tiller. Here, it is better to take the standard scheme as the basis for the design – the adapter is a hinge with the ability to fix the plow in different positions, which is especially convenient for plowing small areas when a plow is used with both left and right blade.

The adapter itself is recommended to be made with the possibility of fixing not only in the vertical, but also in the horizontal planes using lanyards and bolted connections.

This option will help to use it for plowing, and for hilling, and for installing a seat adapter for a mower or a rake for turning hay in hayfields..