Do-it-yourself reversible plow for a walk-behind tractor

How to make?

Modern models of walk-behind tractors can be equipped with a reliable self-made plow. Varieties of this element: double-turn, reverse, double-body, rotary or Zykov’s product. There are quite a few options for manufacturing a structure. There are even options in which the body is made from a gas cylinder. It is not difficult to make a high-quality plow for motor vehicles on your own if you follow certain rules.

Rotary

The manufacture of a structure can be divided into several main stages.

  • A good cylinder-shaped blade is prepared. This must be done exclusively in accordance with the drawing. The part is made of alloyed metal. It is important to follow the drawn up drawing when making the structure yourself.
  • Expose a ploughshare. Insert the wedges into the iron sheet (3 mm) at an angle of 45 degrees.
  • Connect the ploughshare to the side of the shield. Be sure to make sure that the plowshare blade is located just below the shield itself (1 cm, no more).
  • Attach the blade to the share.
  • A working half with a share is welded to a metal tube, which serves as a base, using a welding machine. On the opposite side. fasteners to motor vehicles.
  • When the plow is ready, an axle with wheels can be welded in its lower half.

How to make a plow for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands?

Turning

The swivel type of the plow is rightfully recognized as one of the most functional and practical. This design is an excellent helper for plowing the land on the site, because it can cover a fairly large area. The plow is also good because you don’t have to waste time with it after each approach. You just need to turn the plow and move in the opposite direction. The performance of the equipment will increase significantly. The main actions are performed in the same way as in the case of the rotary mechanism, but in this case the cutting elements must be below the runner (at least 2 cm).

Disk

It is possible to assemble a disc plow for equipment with your own hands. A similar model is assembled from parts:

  • disks;
  • fist;
  • axles;
  • bracket;
  • scraper;
  • leading beam;
  • pens;
  • screeds.

Discs for the device can be taken from an old “seeder”, if there is one in the arsenal. Install these elements at an angle to increase productivity. The hiller is hung on the equipment through the coupling bracket. The T-shaped plow leash is screwed to it with bolts and a stopper. At an impressive speed, the hiller may begin to slip, so you will have to work exclusively at low speeds or with paired wheels.

Installation and adjustment

After finishing work on the construction of the plow, it should be fixed on the walk-behind tractor. But before that, preparatory measures are carried out:

  • moving the walk-behind tractor to the place where they plan to operate it;
  • dismantling the wheel drive. it must be replaced with special lugs (if they are not installed, then the plow will not work for planting the same potatoes. the equipment will slip and may “bury” in the ground).

After this stage, proceed to the installation of the plow.

Autumn plowing tillage 2019.

  • The plow is attached to the coupling of agricultural machinery using nuts. Thanks to this, it will be possible to independently set its performance characteristics.
  • 2 securing pins are prepared. With their help, the couplings and the plow itself are attached to the earring.

After completing the preparation, they begin to adjust the installed plow. It is this stage that will determine how efficient both the plow and the single-axle tractor will be. For the correct installation of the structure, you need to pay attention to:

  • width;
  • plowing depth;
  • incline.

Setting up takes place step by step.

  • On the extreme sections, the width is set. For this purpose, the edge should in no case move below or above the toe.
  • The equipment is placed as steadily as possible on special stands so that it becomes possible to set the depth required for plowing. We must not forget that this parameter can vary depending on the time of year.
  • It is necessary to carefully adjust the very attachment of the plow to the equipment.
  • Bolting is carried out in such a way that the rear half of the plow is located on a single mowing line with the soil.
  • Now agricultural equipment can be removed from the stand.

After that, the technique can be considered tuned and adjusted in the event that the steering wheel of the equipment is located at the same level with the belt of the working.

Blueprints

If it is decided to build a blade or a plow for motor vehicles, then you cannot do without drawing up detailed and correct drawings. The reliability and durability of a homemade part largely depends on its well-designed scheme. Based on the rich experience of professionals who regularly make good plows for walk-behind tractors, it is recommended to make the share in such a way that it can be removed without problems and quickly. With such a function, sharpening this part will be greatly simplified, and it will be possible to safely resort to it before plowing the land on the site.

9XC alloy steel is the best choice for making the cutting part of the plow. The material is mainly used for making discs intended for simple hand saws. Steel marked 45 can be used that has been hardened to the optimum hardness during the hardening process. If there is only simple steel in stock, for example, carbon steel, which cannot be heat treated, then by removing the cutting edge piece (using an anvil) and then grinding it off, you can safely use the steel to work with the soil.

Read more:  How to set up a tiller plow for plowing

When drawing up a drawing of a future plow on your own, it is recommended to rely on accurate diagrams. A self-made structure will be assembled from the following components:

  • a metal pipe that serves as a load-bearing part;
  • wheels required to move the structure over the soil;
  • working cutting part with or without blades (cutting elements of old devices can be fixed);
  • fastening mechanism to the walk-behind tractor itself.

When drawing up a drawing of a future plow, it is important to indicate in it the parameters of the future design. Not a single element is left unattended. In this case, when using the circuit, you will get a high-quality and reliable device.

Plow shank attachment

To secure the plow stand, 31×16 mm holes are drilled or cut out on both sides in the wide part of the pipe that was used to create the frame. Through holes of 10.2 mm are also made in the narrow walls of the frame for fastening, using M10 bolts, a handle.

The plow arms must be made separately from a pipe, about half an inch in diameter. You can use an old water pipe, which needs to be flattened with a sledgehammer on both sides. Drill holes with a diameter of 10.2 mm in the planes obtained and fasten them with bolts to the frame. To give greater rigidity between the handles, weld the cross member.

Benefits

Self-creation of a plow for a walk-behind tractor has certain advantages. The parameters of the share and blade will meet all the requirements for the processing of a particular type of soil. These parameters include:

  • blade angle;
  • quality and depth of plowing of the land;
  • capture area;
  • efficiency.

Given the power of the walk-behind tractor, you can make a plow that will not cause excessive loads on the engine and slip, but at the same time will have a maximum grip. It is necessary to use only high-quality materials, which will make it possible to significantly increase the life of the plow. It is also possible to provide for the attachment of various attachments, which will significantly expand the functionality, making it possible to achieve a full range of land cultivation.

Plow design

There are several types of plows installed on a single-axle tractor “Neva”, and each of them has its own design features. Currently, single-hull, rotary and revolving structures are used to cultivate the land on personal plots.

The single-body plow is the most popular design and a large number of drawings of this particular variety can be found on the net. In addition, it is considered the most optimal option for those who do not have the appropriate skills.

The most difficult to manufacture is the rotary plow design. It looks more like a cultivator, since not one, but several plowshares are provided, fixed on one axis. In the process of cultivating the land, the axis is scrolled, due to which the overturning of the soil layer occurs. The advantage of the design is that the soil can be worked up to a depth of 30 cm with little effort. In addition, the rotary plow allows you to plow the area along different trajectories.

Manufacturing and fastening of plow working elements

The main elements of the single-body design are the blade and the share, for the creation of which durable sheet steel with a thickness of 3-5 mm is required. First of all, a ploughshare is made, for which it is worth using an old disc from the “circular”, since it is made of high-strength steel. To sharpen the cutting edge of the share, it must be beaten off on the anvil.

Next, you need to make a dump from a metal pipe with a diameter of 50-60 cm and a wall thickness of about 5 mm. A template is created from cardboard or thick paper, which is applied to the metal and traced around the entire contour with chalk. After, along the lines obtained, a workpiece is cut out by gas welding, which is brought to the required size using an “angle grinder” or a hammer and emery.

Plow coupling

The hitch is an important structural element that ensures reliable attachment of attachments to the Neva walk-behind tractor. The most popular option is the U-shaped mount from the channel, and which is installed under the steering wheel of the walk-behind tractor.

When creating the hitch, you will need to drill holes to attach the bracket and mounting pin. The bracket for attaching to the walk-behind tractor is either at the top or at the bottom, so as not to interfere with hanging.

Description of assembly work

First of all, you need to make a frame for which you can take a metal pipe with a cross section of 52×40 mm and a wall thickness of about 7 mm. For the fork, it is necessary to cut off the wide sides of the frame located opposite each other. Next, mark the middle on the frame, where the transverse traverse will be installed, as well as welded pins-pins, to which the drawbar is attached.

In the front of the frame, at the beginning of the fork, there is a hole that is welded tight to avoid dirt.

do-it-yourself, reversible, plow, walk-behind, tractor

Plow drawing

Currently, making a plow for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands is not a problem, especially since now you can find drawings of a wide variety of designs. Very often they are accompanied by detailed instructions for creating and assembling a plow.

  • pipe handle. 2 pcs.;
  • frame;
  • fixing the rack with an M10 screw;
  • plow;
  • fastening fork of the hinge to the frame;
  • drawbar;
  • wheel;
  • nylon bushing for bearing;
  • jumper between the handles;
  • hinge axle made of M10 bolt;
  • lock-nut;
  • axis;
  • distance washer;
  • drawbar handle;
  • tee.

The main thing to be guided by when creating such a structure is to adhere to all instructions exactly and observe all the parameters of the selected drawings. Even an insignificant inaccuracy, which at first glance may seem insignificant, can greatly affect the characteristics of the plow or subsequently negatively affect the operating parameters during operation.

Homemade single-body plow

The simplest, but at the same time effective design of the plow is a single-body.

This design is applicable for making it with your own hands at home. Manufacturing does not require special tools and devices, as well as special skills, the tools available in the workshop of home craftsmen will be enough.

How to remake a finished plow?

A ready-made plow can always be altered if necessary. For example, a simple horse version can be easily changed to a walk-behind tractor. Almost all horse plows are distinguished by an impressive weight due to the presence of a heavy blade. If such an element is installed on a single-axle tractor without preliminary alteration, the earth will simply not be thrown away. To convert a horse plow into a walk-behind tractor, work is carried out in a certain sequence.

  • A dump is being built. A detailed drawing is prepared for him in advance. Based on the diagram, a dump is cut out of the steel billet. It is advisable to prepare a cardboard template for this.
  • Gives steel the required shape.
  • They remove the horse blade and fix a hand-made part in its place.
  • Remove handles that were on a vertically oriented axis.
  • Instead, metal fasteners are fixed. Through them, the plow is attached to motor vehicles.
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If, in the course of “tests” in the field, it suddenly turns out that the device does not throw the ground very well, then you can gently bend the share so that it can hit the soil harder.

How to make a plow for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands

Rotary

The manufacture of a structure can be divided into several main stages.

  • A good cylinder-shaped blade is prepared. This must be done exclusively in accordance with the drawing. The part is made of alloyed metal. It is important to follow the drawn up drawing when making the structure yourself.
  • Expose a ploughshare. Insert the wedges into the iron sheet (3 mm) at an angle of 45 degrees.
  • Connect the ploughshare to the side of the shield. Be sure to make sure that the plowshare blade is located just below the shield itself (1 cm, no more).
  • Attach the blade to the share.
  • A working half with a share is welded to a metal tube, which serves as a base, using a welding machine. On the opposite side. fasteners to motor vehicles.
  • When the plow is ready, an axle with wheels can be welded in its lower half.

Types of plows

When completing motoblocks, plows of three types are used, all of them have their own field of application:

  • single-hull and double-hulled;
  • rotary or revolving;
  • rotary.

Blueprints

If it is decided to build a blade or a plow for motor vehicles, then you cannot do without drawing up detailed and correct drawings. The reliability and durability of a homemade part largely depends on its well-designed scheme. Based on the rich experience of professionals who regularly make good plows for walk-behind tractors, it is recommended to make the share in such a way that it can be removed without problems and quickly. With such a function, sharpening this part will be greatly simplified, and it will be possible to safely resort to it before plowing the land on the site.

9XC alloy steel is the best choice for making the cutting part of the plow. The material is mainly used for making discs intended for simple hand saws. Steel marked 45 can be used that has been hardened to the optimum hardness during the hardening process. If there is only simple steel in stock, for example, carbon steel, which cannot be heat treated, then by removing the cutting edge piece (using an anvil) and then grinding it off, you can safely use the steel to work with the soil.

When drawing up a drawing of a future plow on your own, it is recommended to rely on accurate diagrams. A self-made structure will be assembled from the following components:

  • a metal pipe that serves as a load-bearing part;
  • wheels required to move the structure over the soil;
  • working cutting part with or without blades (cutting elements of old devices can be fixed);
  • fastening mechanism to the walk-behind tractor itself.

When drawing up a drawing of a future plow, it is important to indicate in it the parameters of the future design. Not a single element is left unattended. In this case, when using the circuit, you will get a high-quality and reliable device.

How to make?

Modern models of walk-behind tractors can be equipped with a reliable self-made plow. Varieties of this element: double-turn, reverse, double-body, rotary or Zykov’s product. There are quite a few options for manufacturing a structure. There are even options in which the body is made from a gas cylinder. It is not difficult to make a high-quality plow for motor vehicles on your own if you follow certain rules.

The main characteristics of the plow

  • Plowing depth 20cm;
  • Plowshare (capture) width 22 cm;
  • To adjust the plowing depth, 3 holes are made in the rack;
  • Height 76 cm;
  • Width 32 cm;
  • Length 48 cm;

The plow is connected to the walk-behind tractor using a suitable hitch. The plow must be adjusted so that the side edge of the field board during operation is parallel to the direction of travel, i.e. along the furrow wall. And the support triangle formed by the cutting edge of the share, the heel and the bottom edge of the field board should be in the horizontal plane.

In order to adjust the plowing depth, the angle of inclination of the plow body must be adjusted in the vertical-longitudinal plane. To do this, use additional holes in the mini-hitch bracket and plow strut, or the hitch adjusting screw.

During work, you can correct the correct installation of the plow. The design of this reversible plow allows you to roll off the soil layer in one direction, both during forward and reverse travel. To change the body of the reversible plow, it is enough to turn it 180 ° around the axis and fix it in the working position. Before you start working with the plow, you need to equip it with lugs to ensure reliable adhesion of the drive of the unit to the processed soil.

Adjustment and adjustment of the plow for the walk-behind tractor

After the plow is done, you need to set it up. But before that, you need to set up a single axle tractor. After the uniaxial tractor has been taken out to the field, wheels with rubber tires must be removed and replaced with wheels that are equipped with lugs.

Otherwise, a single-axle tractor with a reversible plow will start to slip during plowing due to soil resistance. Then the plow for the walk-behind tractor is attached to the hitch. To adjust the device, the nuts on the mount are not fully tightened. Then, using two metal pins, we fix the unit with a fastening eyelet for the walk-behind tractor. The quality of plowing directly depends on the most correct setting.

Safety when working with a reversible plow

Before starting work, check that all screw connections are securely tightened. Remove all foreign objects from the treated area. Be especially careful when maneuvering the machine with the plow in place, or when reversing. To avoid injury from protruding sharp corners and edges, keep a safe distance from the implement during operation.

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Wear protective gloves when servicing the implement. When you are done with the work, you need to clean the plow. All unpainted parts and threaded connections must be lubricated. The plow must be stored indoors.

How to make a reversible plow for a walk-behind tractor

To understand what a reversible plow is, and how to make a reversible plow for a walk-behind tractor, let’s consider the process of plowing. the usual turning over of the earth, i.e. what was below turns out to be above, and vice versa.

Plough, Home made.for walk behind tractor

After passing the plow on the ground, a furrow remains, dividing the area into plowed and not. Depending on the direction, the plow turns the land either to the left or to the right. There are downsides to working on small plots of land. When plowing into a dump, when turning the tractor, a small mound is obtained.

And when the plow is plowed, there is a furrow in the middle. As a result, the garden turns out to be uneven. To avoid this, when using a walk-behind tractor or tractor, they try to move back and plow again. But idling occurs, because when the tractor drives in one direction, it plows, but not in the other. To solve this problem, various reversible plows have been invented. There are a lot of designs of such plows, but when using them, fuel is significantly saved, time and work becomes more convenient.

The main stages of plow adjustment

For balancing, a single-axle tractor is installed with wheels on specially prepared stands. The plowing depth depends on the height of these supports. For winter processing of the soil, the height of the supports is 20-25 cm, for spring processing. about 15-20 cm.

do-it-yourself, reversible, plow, walk-behind, tractor

Using the adjusting bolts, you need to set the angle of inclination of the plow. Make sure that the “heel” of the plow remains parallel with the ground surface. After securing the plow, the single-axle tractor is placed on the ground. The control sticks are adjusted to the height of the plowman’s waist. At the last stage, we evaluate the correctness of the plow setting by the experimental method.

We plow two or three furrows, and determine the depth of cut, the distance between the ridges and the quality of the soil dump. If the distance between the furrows is more than 10 cm, or they overlap, then we repeat the adjustment.

DIY reversible plow for walk-behind tractor drawings and description

If there is no experience in this type of activity, you first need to consult with a specialist in order to understand the main difficulties of the process.

Home-made undercut disks on a revolving plow. TESTING !!!

Each type of plow has its own design features. The simplest design has a single-body plow, and this is the best option for beginners who do not have the appropriate skills in this matter. At the top of the body of the reversible plow there is a curved blade, which allows you to work the overturned layer of soil. Therefore, this product is ideal for working hard soil.

In the process of manufacturing such a structure, it is very important to follow all instructions and carefully observe the parameters of the drawing. The slightest inaccuracy made will significantly affect the characteristics of the product, and during operation will negatively manifest itself in the results of work.

For the manufacture of a plow, you need to use steel with a thickness of 3-5 mm. The share is made first. It must be removable. The cutting part must be beaten off on the anvil and sharpened.

A pipe with a diameter of half a meter with a wall thickness of 5 mm is used as a workpiece. The blade blank is cut out by gas welding according to the template, and subjected to grinding with an angle grinder. After the manufacture of these two parts, the plow body is made of steel with a thickness of 2-3 mm and the structure is assembled.

From the manufacturer

The official website presents one type of reversible plow. the universal PU-00.000-01 for the MTZ-09N walk-behind tractor. It is suitable not only for the MTZ-09N model, but also for any other MTZ walk-behind tractor. The universal plow is used for plowing any land by Belarus, including virgin lands.

Various plow designs

First you need to decide on the design of the device, because there are several different types.

Lemeshny

There are also plowshares, but it is quite difficult to make them with your own hands, so they should not be considered.

Such equipment is capable of transporting goods weighing up to 350 kg.

Do-it-yourself reversible plow for a walk-behind tractor

Diagram of actions for creating a plow with your own hands:

Regardless of the design features of the plow, its size and shape, it is attached to the walk-behind tractor with a special hitch. It can be of a universal or stationary type. The first option is optimal due to the great possibilities for configuring the device.

The type of hitch does not affect the features of mounting the structure on motor vehicles.

You can hook the plow to the walk-behind tractor following a simple scheme:

  • The unit is installed on a raised platform. You can use bricks or logs;
  • The plow hitch is attached to the hitch. Both holes on the devices must match exactly;
  • The clutch on the towbar must be secured with a bolt.

Do not tighten the bolt forcibly when attaching the attachment. A too rigid connection will negatively affect the quality of plowing the soil. When creating resistance during the operation of the plow, it will be thrown a little to the sides. To avoid this, it is necessary to leave a horizontal gap of approximately 50.

With your own hands

Cylindrical

The cylindrical form of the plow is distinguished by excellent versatility, because it is suitable for almost any type of soil and field size. This shape makes it possible to cope well with soil crushing. In addition, making such a unit yourself will not be a problem.

Cylindrical

The only drawback of this design is shallow penetration into the ground.