Do-it-yourself units for a tiller

Do-it-yourself units for a tiller

do-it-yourself, units, tiller

In order to increase the capabilities of the tiller, it is enough to equip it with various attachments. For all models, manufacturers have developed numerous add-ons, the use of which makes it easier to work on the ground.

On sale you can find plows and seeders, hillers, furrow diggers, sledges. The choice, of course, is large, but many cannot afford the cost of such equipment. But it is quite possible to make it on your own from cheaper or used materials.

Required parameters

When making homemade products for a tiller, it is important to consider the factors that will allow the equipment to work correctly. You cannot assemble the machine like a neighbor working on a tractor and connect it to a tiller. The parameters of equipment and attachments must be appropriate. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the following points:

  • Tiller power. So, for equipment with a capacity of 4.5 liters. from. a load of 250 kg will be sufficient, taking into account the driver. Based on this value, you can calculate the mass of the transported cargo in the trailer, the number of allowed plows, and so on.
  • The size. The area near the house, even the largest one, is still not a field. Therefore, there will certainly be areas where large equipment will not fit. In addition, large (or, conversely, narrow) equipment is not always convenient to work with. It may not pass between trees, or, conversely, be too narrow for the garden bed. It is necessary to take into account such dimensions in advance.
  • Provide a unit for attaching the equipment to the tiller. It can be articulated, on bushings, bearing. It is necessary to select it specifically for your technique.
  • A method of attaching individual pieces of equipment to each other. One-piece units can be connected to each other by welding, rivets, bolts. The choice in this case depends on the availability of the tool, time and abilities.

These are the main questions that need to be thought through. But not the only ones. In the process of making homemade products for a tiller, there will be many questions and nuances that will need to be carefully considered in order to make the right decision.

Sizes and features of the manufacture of hedgehogs

a tiller with an attachment for growing potatoes will save time and effort when caring for this crop. Weeding hedgehogs are a functional attachment that allows you to quickly and efficiently defeat weeds. In the process of weeding, the plants are not simply cut, but uprooted. The land around the plant is well loosened and huddled. Thanks to this, the plant is not only freed from weeds, but also receives sufficient water and oxygen.

Based on diagrams and drawings, you can make them yourself.

Components for hedgehogs:

  • 3 discs made of metal or a ring;
  • a small piece of pipe with a diameter of 30 mm;
  • steel dowel rods.

It is preferable to use rings instead of discs, which will lighten the whole structure. The sizes of rings for making tiller’s hedgehogs are different. The most common are 240x170x100 mm or 300x200x100 mm. The rings are attached to the pipe through jumpers. The connection must be made at an angle of 45 degrees with a distance between the elements no more than 15-18 cm.

The spikes, cut from a steel rod 10-15 cm long, are welded onto the rings and the axle itself. Depending on the size, they are attached to a large ring in the amount of 15 pieces, to a small one. 5. Also, several pieces can be welded onto the axis.

To facilitate the work with the structure, the hedgehog tiller is equipped with additional wheels.

Do-it-yourself snowplow bucket

the tiller will come in handy on the farm not only in summer, but also in winter. It is often equipped like a snow blower. It is enough to make a bucket for the tiller, and the iron assistant will do the hard work.

A snow shovel is usually made from a 200 liter iron barrel. You will also need metal strips, a square pipe, rubber and steel plates and fasteners. bolts, nuts. From tools. pliers or pliers, drill and drill bits for metal, wrenches, grinder, welding machine.

an angle grinder at the barrel, the side parts are cut out. Then the workpiece is cut into three pieces. Two of them are welded along the contour. The remaining third of the barrel needs to be divided into metal strips, which will be the bucket knives. Three 6mm diameter holes are drilled into them for attachment to the edge of the bucket. Instead of a barrel, you can use a metal sheet, which will need to be bent by heating.

A strip of metal is welded to the bottom of the bucket to make it heavier. The metal strip is completely covered with rubber to prevent wear. The bucket is then attached to the tiller. To protect against corrosion, a homemade bucket is primed and painted.

You can turn a wheeled tiller into a snowmobile using a trailer and winter wheels. With the help of a channel, the trailer is fixed to the frame. Used truck cameras are used instead of expensive wheels. On each wheel, the deflated chamber is secured with chains and inflated again. Equipping a snowmobile machine is quite simple and homemade sleds.

Do-it-yourself assembly of a disc hiller for the Neva tiller

The best when operating in a garden is considered to be a self-made disc-type hiller. When working with him, you must apply a minimum amount of physical labor. By reducing the speed of movement, you can increase its maximum power, which has a good effect on the results of the work. Such a disc design of the hiller compares favorably with its versatility. With such a device, you can do chores after planting various plants and with their intensive growth.

The disc hiller includes:

  • racks;
  • metal frame;
  • disks;
  • special talers.

Special talers are needed to adjust the angle of rotation of the discs. The depth of the discs and the effort required to complete the task directly depend on this angle. To simplify the work of a person, the disc hiller is equipped with several plain bearings, which ensure the convenience and reliability of the product.

The discs must be made of high quality metal with a thickness of 2 millimeters. The outer edges should be bent, and a special hole for the adapters should be made in the center. They are fixed on the hiller frame. In the case when it is not possible to make disks with your own hands, then you need to take them from an old seeder or other similar equipment.

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The hiller is able to have a variable or fixed width of coverage of the surface. With a variable it is possible to adjust the distance between the discs simply by moving the rack. Attachment assemblies are assembled by welding or bolted connections.

Manufacturing of other suspended structures

So, to cultivate the land, a plow is needed that can overcome virgin soil overgrown with grass, wet or stale soil. To make it, you need a steel plate about 5 mm thick. Using the rollers, the plate is bent into a cylinder. Edges sharpen angle grinder.

The resulting home-made plow is hung on the tiller’s stand through the hitch.

By the same principle, it is easy to make a furrow-forming attachment. It is good if there are racks from the cultivator. They can be attached to a corner or made two racks from scrap materials. For this, plates are cut from a metal sheet with a thickness of 1.5-2 mm. The size of the plates should correspond to the depth and width of the furrow. They are fastened with bolts to the struts of the structure. You can use such a nozzle for instillation. One has only to give the plates the required shape. They should be in the form of a disc or circle, located at a certain angle. From above, such plates are located closer than below. Due to this, the discs, while rotating, open the cavities outward.

The cranberry tiller attachment contains a self-propelled crawler platform. The intake is fixed on the swing frame of the platform. It is made in the form of a box with bent parallel teeth. Moving, the device with the help of the fan pulls the berries into the box. The fan is powered by the engine. Screw-shaped spirals are installed in the box.

Plucked cranberries are heavier than garbage, so they fall to the bottom of the container. Leaves, small specks that fall along with the cranberries, along with the air flow from the fan, are removed through the hole.

The tiller brush is used to clean the area not only from leaves, but also from shallow snow. Simplicity, efficiency and versatility of use are the obvious advantages of this hinged element. A brush shaft is vertically attached to the tiller. A ring and discs with brushes are alternately put on it. The diameter of the rings is 350 mm. The width of the grip of such a brush is usually made no more than one meter. This allows the tiller to remain manoeuvrable and cover a fairly large surface area for cleaning.

The length of the bristles is 40-50 cm, otherwise it will soon begin to wrinkle and wrinkle. It will not be possible to restore the properties of the bristles, just attach new discs. The speed of the tiller with the attached brush fluctuates in the range of 2-5 km / h, depending on the engine power of the unit.

To learn how to make a plow to a tiller with your own hands, see the next video.

Homemade dump

Another popular tiller attachment is the blade. It can be used to clear snow, level the soil. The base is bent from a steel sheet with a thickness of 1-2 mm. Vertical stiffeners made of thicker metal are attached to it.

a tiller is very necessary when running a home garden. Equipped with various attachments, this technique is capable of doing almost everything from hilling plants to harvesting wood or collecting garbage. It is worth noting that Tillery is hardly a universal technique. The list of units that can be connected to the most expensive models is limited to a few types of attachments.

However, working only with factory units is also not worth it. Almost every tiller unit required for household needs can be made by hand using drawings.

Sizes and features of the manufacture of hedgehogs

a tiller with a potato growing attachment will save time and effort when caring for this crop. Weeding hedgehogs are a functional attachment that allows you to quickly and efficiently defeat weeds. In the process of weeding, the plants are not simply cut, but uprooted. The land around the plant is well loosened and huddled. Thanks to this, the plant is not only freed from weeds, but also receives sufficient water and oxygen.

Based on diagrams and drawings, you can make them yourself.

Components for hedgehogs:

  • 3 discs made of metal or a ring;
  • a small piece of pipe with a diameter of 30 mm;
  • steel dowel rods.

It is preferable to use rings instead of discs, which will lighten the whole structure. The sizes of rings for making tiller’s hedgehogs are different. The most common are 240x170x100 mm or 300x200x100 mm. The rings are attached to the pipe through jumpers. The connection must be made at an angle of 45 degrees with a distance between the elements no more than 15-18 cm.

The spikes, cut from a steel rod 10-15 cm long, are welded onto the rings and the axle itself. Depending on the size, they are attached to a large ring in the amount of 15 pieces, to a small one. 5. Also, several pieces can be welded onto the axis.

To facilitate the work with the structure, the hedgehog tiller is equipped with additional wheels.

How to make attachments for a tiller with your own hands?

  • How to make a flat cutter with your own hands?
  • Sizes and features of the manufacture of hedgehogs
  • Do-it-yourself snowplow bucket
  • How to design a trencher?
  • Manufacturing of other suspended structures

In order to increase the capabilities of the tiller, it is enough to equip it with various attachments. For all models, manufacturers have developed numerous add-ons, the use of which makes it easier to work on the ground.

On sale you can find plows and seeders, hillers, furrow diggers, sledges. The choice, of course, is large, but many cannot afford the cost of such equipment. But it is quite possible to make it on your own from cheaper or used materials.

How to design a trencher?

A homemade trencher is a hinged attachment to the tiller, which allows you to quickly and effortlessly dig trenches and holes. It is a kind of compact excavator that is both maneuverable and economical. Moves on a wheeled or tracked chassis.

The digger attachment allows you to dig trenches and holes even in frozen ground. The walls of the trenches are flat, without shedding. The excavated soil is light and crumbly and can be used for backfilling.

Two cutters are fixed on the front suspension, on the rear. a shovel for extracting soil from the trench. It is imperative to attach safety guards to the cutting discs and the chain drive. By the same principle, a drill bit is made from a metal rod and plates.

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How to make a flat cutter with your own hands?

A practical addition to the tiller is the flat cutter. This is an irreplaceable assistant who creates beds, weeds and spuds plantings, levels, falls asleep, loosens the ground. The possibilities of such a nozzle are almost endless.

If you place the blades of the plane cutter on the left and lead in the same plane with the soil, then you can weed or loosen the ground. Raising the appliance slightly, the blades turned to the left will mow tall weeds. If the blades look down, then it is easy to create beds with them.

A flat cutter will again help to form grooves for planting and fill in the seeds. This is the function of the burier.

You can use the Fokin plane cutter as a hitch for a tiller. He has the necessary holes for hanging on the structure. If a flat cutter of a different size is required, then you can make it yourself. Drawings and a small metal workpiece will help with this.

The metal must be of sufficient thickness and strength so that in the future it can function as a blade. The sheet is heated with a blowtorch and bent according to the pattern. When the plane cutter is in shape, it is cooled with water. In order for this workpiece to become an attachment, it is necessary to make holes for fasteners and sharpen the workpiece with an angle grinder.

A sheet of metal can be replaced with a piece of pipe, to which pieces of metal are attached like blades. They need to be sharpened.

Do-it-yourself snowplow bucket

the tiller will come in handy on the farm not only in summer, but also in winter. It is often equipped like a snow blower. It is enough to make a bucket for the tiller, and the iron assistant will do the hard work.

A snow shovel is usually made from a 200 liter iron barrel. You will also need metal strips, a square pipe, rubber and steel plates and fasteners. bolts, nuts. From tools. pliers or pliers, drill and drill bits for metal, wrenches, grinder, welding machine.

an angle grinder at the barrel, the side parts are cut out. Then the workpiece is cut into three pieces. Two of them are welded along the contour. The remaining third of the barrel needs to be divided into metal strips, which will be the bucket knives. Three 6mm diameter holes are drilled into them for attachment to the edge of the bucket. Instead of a barrel, you can use a metal sheet, which will need to be bent by heating.

A strip of metal is welded to the bottom of the bucket to make it heavier. The metal strip is completely covered with rubber to prevent wear. The bucket is then attached to the tiller. To protect against corrosion, a homemade bucket is primed and painted.

You can turn a wheeled tiller into a snowmobile using a trailer and winter wheels. With the help of a channel, the trailer is fixed to the frame. Used truck cameras are used instead of expensive wheels. On each wheel, the deflated chamber is secured with chains and inflated again. Equipping a snowmobile machine is quite simple and homemade sleds.

Manufacturing of other suspended structures

So, to cultivate the land, a plow is needed that can overcome virgin soil overgrown with grass, wet or stale soil. To make it, you need a steel plate about 5 mm thick. Using the rollers, the plate is bent into a cylinder. Edges sharpen angle grinder.

The resulting home-made plow is hung on the tiller’s stand through the hitch.

By the same principle, it is easy to make a furrow-forming attachment. It is good if there are racks from the cultivator. They can be attached to a corner or made two racks from scrap materials. For this, plates are cut from a metal sheet with a thickness of 1.5-2 mm. The size of the plates should correspond to the depth and width of the furrow. They are fastened with bolts to the struts of the structure. You can use such a nozzle for instillation. One has only to give the plates the required shape. They should be in the form of a disc or circle, located at a certain angle. From above, such plates are located closer than below. Due to this, the discs, while rotating, open the cavities outward.

The cranberry tiller attachment contains a self-propelled crawler platform. The intake is fixed on the swing frame of the platform. It is made in the form of a box with bent parallel teeth. Moving, the device with the help of the fan pulls the berries into the box. The fan is powered by the engine. Screw-shaped spirals are installed in the box.

Plucked cranberries are heavier than garbage, so they fall to the bottom of the container. Leaves, small specks that fall along with the cranberries, along with the air flow from the fan, are removed through the hole.

The tiller brush is used to clean the area not only from leaves, but also from shallow snow. Simplicity, efficiency and versatility of use are the obvious advantages of this hinged element. A brush shaft is vertically attached to the tiller. A ring and discs with brushes are alternately put on it. The diameter of the rings is 350 mm. The width of the grip of such a brush is usually made no more than one meter. This allows the tiller to remain manoeuvrable and cover a fairly large surface area for cleaning.

The length of the bristles is 40-50 cm, otherwise it will soon begin to wrinkle and wrinkle. It will not be possible to restore the properties of the bristles, just attach new discs. The speed of the tiller with the attached brush fluctuates in the range of 2-5 km / h, depending on the engine power of the unit.

To learn how to make a plow to a tiller with your own hands, see the next video.

What are the Tillery equipment

The tiller itself is only a power unit with wheels. In order for it to be able to perform useful work, it must be turned into an agricultural machine, supplemented with attachments. Only then do the positive aspects of this energy-rich device begin to manifest.

A small list of the main attachments and attachments:

  • Lugs allow the tiller to move around the arable land.
  • Plow and cutter. For a long time, deep cultivation of the land with a seam turnover was carried out by plows. The soil tiller is a device that can loosen the fertile layer.
  • Potato planter will facilitate the work of a villager and summer resident when planting potatoes.
  • The plane cutter is one of the ancient tools that is experiencing a rebirth with the emergence of the ideas of organic (ecological) farming.
  • Hillers. An increase in the yield of root crops, as well as an increase in the efficiency of the root system of plants is achieved by using hillers.
  • The trailer turns the tiller into a vehicle that can transport goods on the site and on public roads.
  • The snow blower extends the period of use of the tiller, in winter it is actively used for clearing snow.
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This is not a complete list of tiller attachments.

It is not necessary to purchase the entire set of attachments for the tiller at once. Additional tools are purchased or manufactured as needed.

Do-it-yourself attachments for a tiller

With the purchase of a tiller, the user has a desire to use it in all household chores for a summer residence, a vegetable garden, etc. Some strive to immediately purchase the maximum possible set of attachments for a tiller, others buy only a minimum row, gradually purchasing the rest. The third category of owners is taken for the independent manufacture of devices and additional devices with their own hands. Sometimes they are in many ways superior to what the industry has to offer.

Do-it-yourself hiller for a tiller

The hiller creates a soil ridge. The soil is scooped up to the roots, and the feeding area increases several times as the ground level rises around the stem of the cultivated plant. There are hillers on Tilleri:

  • The lister (fertilizer) hiller is structurally similar to a plow body with two dumps; it moves between rows, moving the soil from the groove to the ridge. They are used with a relatively small row spacing;
  • disc hiller in the form of two discs, covering the ridge. When they move, the crest is created on both sides at once;
  • rotary (propeller), with active plates that push the soil into the ridge.

Lister hillers are often equipped with adjustable headers. This allows you to change the width of the working body. Propeller hinges are used by many for hilling potatoes, but pruning the rhizomes of perennial weeds, they contribute to the clogging of the field.

The most common disc hillers, they are easy to manipulate in the process. They are also easy to make with your own hands.

DIY lugs

The engine torque is transmitted through the transmission to the wheels. To move through arable land, you need to create sufficient effort. Traction can be increased by increasing the coefficient of wheel traction. Therefore, the lug increases this coefficient several times, allowing not to increase the mass of the power unit.

To make this attachment, you need to purchase:

  • sheet steel with a thickness of 2-3 mm, steel of ordinary quality st3 is sufficient;
  • isosceles corner 35-50 mm;
  • pipe with an inner diameter of more than 25 mm.

This set of blanks is sufficient to get started. It remains to choose a design or develop your own.

The lug can be leading and overhead. The leading lugs are installed in place of the base wheels of the tiller. Overheads are worn over the base wheel. Leading homemade lugs are more often made.

DIY potato planter for a tiller

The potato planter mechanizes the work of sowing potatoes. This attachment consists of:

  • bunker, where the seed is concentrated;
  • a dispenser in the form of a drum rotating jointly by the wheels of the tiller, it grabs the potatoes and directs them into the seed tube;
  • a seed tube that directs seeds into the soil;
  • a ripper that creates a seed furrow in the soil;
  • disc hillers completing the potato sowing operation.

There are many different designs of potato planters. The craftsmen use the containers they have for the bunker, select options for manufacturing the dispenser using plywood. In some planters, the air stream accelerates the movement of the planting tubers into the soil. There are very simple designs, in which plywood discs replace several actuators at once for dosing and placing potatoes in the furrow. Many homemade authors have invented original attachments.

To make a potato planter for a tiller, you will need:

  • thin sheet galvanized steel;
  • shaped pipes for forming the body of attachments;
  • strip steel with a thickness of 4-5 mm;
  • small rolled corner.

Do-it-yourself flat cutter for a tiller

Cutting off the rhizomes of weeds, loosening the soil to a shallow depth without turning the layer can be such attachments as flat cutters. The flat cutter for the tiller is quite simple to manufacture. For him you will need:

  • sheet with a thickness of 5 or 6 mm;
  • sheet 2 mm thick;
  • profile pipe 40×40 with a wall of 3 mm.

The procedure for making this homemade attachment:

  • A rack is cut from a thick sheet according to a template. Mounting holes are drilled on the rack.
  • A paw of a flat cutter is cut from a thin sheet. The paw is bent according to the template on the anvil according to the drawing. The element of the plane cutter is assembled with rivets or welded into a single unit.
  • Frame blanks are cut from the profile pipe to fix the working body. The scheme of raising and lowering the frame is being worked out. Next, the hitch is welded, on which the elements of the plane cutters will be installed later.
  • A diagram of attachment attachment to the tiller is made. The received data is transferred to the frame. Plates are made to fix the hitch. The performance for lifting and lowering is checked. All products are painted with a 2-in-1 primer enamel to protect against corrosion.

The attachments are tested in the field. If necessary, adjustments are made to improve performance.

DIY Tiller Trailer

The trailer expands the capabilities of the tiller. With him, he turns into a vehicle capable of delivering various goods. The parameters of this homemade tiller attachment depend on the available power. The higher it is, the more difficult the cart can become.

For high-energy tillers with engines over 10 HP two-axle trailers are possible, which can carry up to 1000 kg of cargo. Usually small single-axle trailers are built, the carrying capacity of which is 300-500 kg.

There is an important requirement. The reliability and controllability of the hitch must comply with the characteristics required for vehicles used on public roads. Therefore, axles or bridges from other wheeled vehicles are most often used. Many are guided by the use of ready-made bridges from cars and scooters.

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The scooter wheels are designed for a load of more than 150 kg each. Therefore, they are taken as a basis for design. Some DIYers equip the trailer with a spare wheel to make a quick change on the road.

The main thing is to create a solid frame, as it will take the load from the transported materials. At the same time, the safety of all road users depends on a strong frame when operating a trailer with a trailer on roads where there are other vehicles.