Drill stand made of old shock absorbers without welding or metal work
An all-purpose drill is not technically capable of producing perfect geometry and verticality. Let’s make a jig out of two old shock absorbers and turn an ordinary drill into a highly accurate and productive tool. In this drain you will not need to use metal for the holder and base, so the repeatability of this design is very high and easy. After all, it is always easier and more accessible to work with wood.
- Two old shock absorbers;
- Spray paint;
- wood workpiece;
- Screw studs, washers, bolts and screws;
- metal tubes;
- Regular and flanged nuts;
- liquid plastic, etc.
Quality and durable drills on AlieXpress at a discount. http://alii.pub/5zwmxz
How to Setup and Use the Drill Press. Woodworking for Beginners #5
Tools: sandpaper, rotary tool, circular saw, router, jigsaw, Grinder, ratchet, drill press, etc.
How to Make a Drilling Machine
The drill stand for vertical drilling is not difficult to make. effort will be needed when building a drill stand for drilling. This fixture has large dimensions. But if you follow the recommendations, you can make an improved compact device.
To make your own drilling machine, you need to use a stand, the creation of which was described in the last paragraph. Next, the following items need to be done:
- Disassemble the drilling tool and remove the motor and the starter.
- Secure the motor on the stand with clamps.
- Prepare a separate box in which to install the starter.
- Increase the length of wires from the starter and install the box on the base of the stand.
- Firmly fasten the chuck by pre-positioning it on the shaft.
Drilling machine of small size ready. You can not disassemble the tool, but then the machine would be bulky. Or it is possible to use the motors from any household appliances. In this case you will need to buy an additional chuck.
How to make a stand for the drill with their own hands?
The presence of a rack for the drill can significantly increase the range of applications of this device. By placing the drill on a special stand, which, by the way, can be easily made by your own hands, you can get a real multi-function machine.
A multifunctional drill stand that allows you to perform various jobs usually consists of certain components. First, you need a supporting frame. it is on it all elements will be fixed. Secondly, there must be a rack. a drill guide used to fix it.
This element allows you to move the drill itself with the handle and other elements. Thirdly, it is important the above-mentioned handle, which coordinates the vertical movement of the drilling part. Finally, there are also additional units, with the creation of which the machine turns out to be even more functional. The size of the bed depends on the direction of work to be performed with the device.
For example, when performing only vertical drilling, a sheet with sides of 500 millimeters is enough. In the case where you expect much more complex operations, the length should be increased to 1000 millimeters, and the width should remain the same. On the bed, a stand is placed vertically, which is fixed by a special support. Usually the two parts are joined together by screw joints.
Stand for a drill, made his own hands, has both advantages and disadvantages. If we talk about the pros, to begin with the cheapness. it is much more economical to produce a design by yourself than to buy ready-made in the store.
over, you can assemble a rack even from the things that are already in the household: different parts of outdated or unused appliances. Blueprints without any problems can be found on the Internet for free access, in addition, you can find educational videos, which are easy to repeat.
Finally, it is not forbidden to create a unique design that meets the specific needs of the craftsman and has no existing analogues.
As for the disadvantages, the first is the relative complexity of manufacturing. It happens that it is impossible to make some parts without special equipment, for example, for welding or lathe.
In this case, you will have to go to a specialist, which will certainly increase the amount of money spent. Another disadvantage of makeshift stands is called the frequent occurrence of backlash due to the fact that the parts of the structure were not properly fixed.
Backlash, in turn, negatively affects the further performance of work. In addition, a homemade stand is not suitable for all required operations.
For example, it is not possible to drill angled holes on it. The choice of material for the stand is determined depending on the further functions of the resulting machine. If it is planned to drill only with its help, it is allowed to assemble the construction from ordinary wooden bars. If the stand should be more mobile and functional, it is worth to make some parts from steel.
The bed for the drill is traditionally made of either a wooden sheet with a thickness greater than twenty millimeters, or a metal plate with a thickness of at least ten millimeters. The specific choice of material and its thickness should depend on the power of the drill used.
In addition, it can be reinforced by an additional layer of plywood of the required size. so the surface is perfectly flat and more convenient to use.
The stand, on which the drill itself will be placed, is also made of either metal or wood plate. In addition to the guides, it must have a clamp for securing the drilling tool. The carriage, again, can be realized from wood or metal.
Separately worth mentioning is the possibility of making a machine from an old photo enlarger.
Such a system is usually equipped with both a suitable bed and a stand, and even a control mechanism equipped with a handle. The drill in this case will be moved by means of the handle of the enlarger, which should be rotated. Before use, you will only need to remove the tank with the bulb and lenses and install a drill clamp on the vacant space.
In addition, it is also possible to create a machine tool from the steering rack. In this case, the part is taken most often from domestic cars, such as VAZ, Tavria or Moskvich, and acts as a rack and lifting mechanism. The base will have to be made by yourself.
The advantages of handmade construction are called a low price and availability of materials, which can be purchased at factories or even found on their own among the waste. previously used parts are not a problem.
Among the disadvantages of such a specific machine tool are called its unpresentable appearance, as well as not too outstanding accuracy.
By the way, for the manufacture of a homemade machine tool, there is an important rule: the more powerful drill that is intended to be used, the stronger should be the entire auxiliary structure.
Stand for a drill: creating a drilling machine with their own hands
If you need a drilling machine, you do not have to buy it right away. Special drill stands allow you to expand the functionality of the most affordable home tool so much that the purchase of a machine becomes impractical. They cost considerably less, and if you want you can make a stand for a drill with your own hands according to the drawings.
Purpose and features
Working on the principle of vertical drilling the holder for a drill (or screwdriver) is used to perform such technological operations as:
- Precise drilling of holes to a given depth, their boring and finishing;
- Chamfering, shaping recesses and grooves (countersinking);
- Thread-cutting (if the power of the drill and the strength of the stand design allow).
However, it is worth understanding that such devices do not have a carrying capacity comparable to factory equipment. This is why it is not recommended to drill hard material with great force.
The quality of work performed depends directly on the quality of the tool. So when you choose (or assemble) a stand you should avoid backlash, structural inaccuracies, and shakiness. You should not economize on the quality of materials: stands made of cheap plastic and dubious metal can fall apart under the load while working.
Studying photos and drawings of racks for drills (homemade or factory-made), you can highlight the main design elements inherent in all machines without exception:
The base plate, placed in the basement, adds stability to the construction and dampens vibration from the tool being operated. It accommodates fasteners for the rest of the stand elements, vise, and workpiece retainers. In the base it is allowed to leave holes for through drilling parts.
Metal or wood (solid wood, plywood) are suitable as the table top material. To combat vibration, it is not superfluous to add a layer of dense rubber under the base. The base must be solid, the minimum size in terms of 600 x 600 x 30 millimeters. Holes can be drilled into it for attaching to the workbench, which gives additional stability during work.
The guide rail is a vertical rail that is mounted on the base and holds the drill mount. Slats can be metal (pipe, channel) or wood (bar, plywood). In some models (often metal) the guide is combined with a lifting and lowering mechanism. Removable slats are installed on the bolted connection, rigid connection is made by welding. The tripod of a busted magnifier or a microscope will serve as a donor of a ready base with a guide.
The drill is fixed on clamps or brackets with a hole in the center. As with the rail, the mounts can be designed to be removable for different types of drills. The handle is placed on the side or on top of the design, with its help regulate the position of the cutter relative to the bed.
Drilling machine drives
Making the project of assembling a holder for a drill with their own hands, you should decide on the type of lifting and releasing mechanism, which serves for vertical feed of the drill to the workpiece. It is the main characteristic of the machine. The following mechanisms are distinguished:
Spring, spring-hinged and hinged units are the easiest to assemble with your own hands. Blueprints drilling machine from a spring-type drill suggest placing a spring either directly at the handle, or at the base of the carriage in special slots. If there are no additional locks, it will be impossible to perform milling with such machines, because they require constant manual control of the drill position.
Devices based on the rack and “sprocket” (cogwheel, car bendix) should also provide additional locks. They can be performed, for example, by placing on the drill mount an additional screw, working on the principle of a friction. When the cutter occupies the desired position, the screw on the guide is tightened, you can proceed to chamfering and development of grooves.
Screw mechanisms work on the principle of the same-name jacks. They are based on a vertically threaded tube that allows rotation about its axis. On the tube there is a nut welded to the drill holder. As the pipe rotates, the nut and the tool mount change their position. For additional stability of the tool during work, the mount is also allowed to be equipped with a friction.
The cable carriage drive consists of a tightly tensioned metal cable, a spool welded to the tool mount, and support bars at the top and bottom ends of the guide. A metal rope is wound on a spool and tightened on the wishbones so that under the weight of the equipment the spool doesn’t slip down. The cable ends are coiled into loops and remain on the stand. It is recommended that the cable length is oversized, so that it is possible to use the same mechanism on guides of different sizes.
Independent design of the installation allows you to provide additional design elements that extend the functionality of the product and simplify technological operations. You can add a swivel plate, vertical level, coordinate table, electric drive and more to your self-made reel.
The swivel plate allows you to make angled holes. To do this, holes are drilled on the frame along the arc at common angles. The drill in operating position is secured with pins. Coordinate table is used for milling surfaces and grooving. It consists of two mutually perpendicular screw jacks welded together.
The rotation of the lower screw moves the upper part of the table with the workpiece, the upper screw moves only the workpiece. With such a device increases the accuracy of work, the main thing is to weld the moving elements without distortions.
The list of materials:
Let’s make the base of the machine from a steel plate, to the plate we will weld a piece of pipe vertically.
On top of worn another tube, which is the carriage. The diameter of the carriage can be reduced by cutting the pipe lengthwise and working with a hammer. The smaller is the gap, the more accurate will be the stand.
Making a simple clamp or drill clamp. The author simply picked up a piece of pipe according to the diameter of the nose of the drill and welded a nut. The drill is fixed by only one screw. Here, of course, it is a good idea to make a full clamp by cutting the pipe lengthwise and welding two nuts.
And then through a piece of pipe we weld the clamp to the slide. Here it is important to carefully measure everything before welding, so that the drill is at right angles to the table.
In the end there is a ready carriage with a clamp for the drill, the only thing left is to put a strong spring and a washer on the stand that will lift the carriage with the drill.
We take a piece of chain of necessary length and weld it to the steel plate. The steel plate can then be welded to the carriage, with the chain interacting with the sprocket.
Weld the steel plate with the sprocket attached to the base. The sprocket must be pressed tight against the chain, we use bolt and nut as axis.
Then a piece of pipe is welded to the sprocket, and a lever can be welded to the pipe.
Paint the stand, the carriage and guide can be lubricated, this also applies to the chain with sprocket. Clamp the drill and you can drill. Now it is much easier and safer to work with large-diameter drills.
What parts will the attachment consist of?
Drill holders are sure to have the following assemblies:
- Stand. This is the main support element of the future machine.
- Stand. It is necessary for fixing the carriage with the drill and its movement.
- Drive mechanism. The most common option is a special handle. It can be used to move the drill to the workpiece to be drilled.
- Additional units. They can be used to extend the core drill rig’s capabilities.
How to make a bed?
Makeshift holders for drills must be installed on stable stands. For the manufacture of this unit, you can use a steel plate 1 cm thick or a strong wooden board, the thickness of which should be at least 2 cm. Also suitable for this purpose is a thick piece of chipboard, plywood or textolite.
The massive base depends on the power of the power tool. The higher it is, the thicker must be the base. The bed should preferably be 200 mm wide and 500-750 mm long. To the bed, located horizontally, using screws or screws should be attached the main vertical stand and the support.
It is advisable to screw these machine parts from below through the base.
Holders for drills will be stronger if additionally their stands are connected to the supports with metal corners.
How to make a rack?
Holders for drills must necessarily be equipped with stanchions. It is from the quality of manufacturing of this unit in the future will depend on the quality of drilling work.
To prevent the drill from deflecting and therefore from damaging or breaking the workpiece, it is important for the craftsman to maintain a strict verticality in relation to the bed when making the stand.
You can make a guide vertical stand from a bar, plywood plate, pipe or metal profile. All depends on imagination and the availability of the necessary material.
Holder for a drill with their own hands
Drill holder. This is a simple device for those who do not have an emery. Useful for every craftsman.
Drill holder for vertical drilling must be equipped with a special mechanism by means of which the tool can be moved. This mechanism consists of two elements:
- Handles. It is used to bring the drill to the surface of the workpiece.
- Springs. With its help, the drill returns to its original position after drilling. It is important that the lifting of the bracket with the drill is smooth, and drilling is not tiring.
Making additional units
If you adapt in a homemade machine tool additional attachments, it can perform simple turning, milling operations, as well as drilling holes at an angle. To make these works available, the master should be able to move the workpiece in the horizontal plane.
This is made possible by a movable horizontal drill stem with a vice to hold the workpiece. The barrel is set in motion by turning the handle. In order to drill holes at an angle, homemade machines are additionally equipped with special rotary plates containing holes in an arc. They are used to fix the workpieces to be machined.
To cope with this work, the master should perform the following steps:
- Drill an axial hole on the additional rotary plate and the machine stand.
- Using a protractor, drill a swivel plate at angles: 30, 45 and 60 degrees.
- Equip the stand with three holes into which the pins of the swivel plate will be inserted. They will later be used to secure the swivel and fixed part of the machine.
To make the hole at the required angle, simply turn the electric drill attached to the additional plate at the required angle and fix the tool in that position using the pins.
How To Use A Drill Press
How to make a drill press
A drill stand for vertical drilling isn’t hard to make. effort is required when constructing a drilling machine. This device has large dimensions. But if you follow the recommendations, you can make an improved compact device.
To make your own drilling machine it is necessary to use the stand, the creation of which was described in the last paragraph. The following items should be performed next:
- Dismantle the drilling tool and remove the motor and starter unit.
- Use clamps to fasten the motor unit to the base plate.
- Prepare a separate box in which to install the starter.
- Extend the wire length from the starter and mount the box on the base of the stand.
- Firmly fix the chuck by first positioning it on the shaft.
The small drill press is ready. Do not disassemble the tool, but then you get a bulky machine. Or it is possible to use motors from any household appliance. In this case, an additional chuck must be purchased.
Making additional assemblies
Modernization of the design will allow you to get a multifunctional machine, which can be used to mill small parts and drill holes at an angle.
To mill a part, it must be moved to the side. For this purpose an additional horizontal strut is fixed to the plate. Fix a vice on it that moves on the carriage with the furniture rails. The control handle can be made similar on a spring or put a screw mechanism.
To drill the holes at an angle of 30, 45 and 60o an additional plate is installed. It is made rotatable, for which the holes are drilled along the arc. Fix the plate to the main stand of the machine, where it will rotate along the axis. The feeder carriage is fastened to the additional plate.
Correctly measure the location of the holes with the help of a protractor. Take the center hole for the axis as a base and measure points from it at the desired angles.
Position the additional plate horizontally during turning and level drilling work. To drill at an angle, turn the plate until it reaches the desired hole. Fix the additional plate with screws from the back of the rack.
The simplest design allows you to get a multi-function machine at home, where you can mill small parts and drill holes at different angles.