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What wood cutters are needed for what

Milling is one of the most popular ways to work a variety of materials, including stone. Hard and tough stone products are machined exclusively on reliable equipment, and the nozzles are selected according to certain factors mainly from carbide material.


Circular cutters are coated with diamond chips and tool itself is available in various diameters. Use for machining and making small parts. Suitable for both preprocessing and finishing.

Carbide-tungsten tools

Manufactured from tungsten carbide. Have structured teeth. Wear out quickly if subjected to high impact loads and need to be resharpened.

Specialized carbide tips

These bits are designed for work with soft types of stone and give a clean cut on the workpiece. Particularly suitable for finishing and engraving. In spite of the fact that such tool endures temperature and shock loads quite well, it wears out quickly when used for roughing work.

Finger tools

Small-diameter tool, which is used for stone engraving, work with small details and volumetric drawings. The main working part of a finger tool is the narrow tip. This is why they are also called end mills. In terms of type, these are most often solid carbide polycrystalline cutters.


There are 3 types of diamond tools, depending on manufacturing technology:

  • Vacuum and electroplated tools are considered the cheapest and are designed for work on soft stone such as marble or travertine. A metal alloy, copper or aluminum, is used as a bond for the diamond grit. It is the cheapest option in comparison to other diamond bits.
  • Polycrystalline diamond. It is a steel tool with diamond edges. Used for the finest finishing work on stone, including engraving and fine detailing. Not suitable for work with impact loads.
  • Pressed diamond. Used for roughing all hard stone. This type of tool can withstand heat up to 700 ° C, but the water supply is still needed during work, so as not to burn the stone.

Also cutters are divided into several groups, depending on the type of processing and technological operations that they perform on the machine.


This is an extended group of cutters that includes tools of regular cylindrical shape as well as rounded, spherical and hemispherical tools. Most often a sintered and electroplated tool with coarse diamond grit. They are used in cases of roughing, when high precision is not required, but there is a need to select a lot of material. Contains straight or helical teeth depending on the width of the machined surface.

Cylindrical: By type of design

Varieties of common cutting tool design:

  • prefabricated. Consists of a shank and a steel ingot to which the cutting edges are rigidly attached. Provide high quality of machining, practically maintenance-free. The disadvantage of such tools is the possibility of chipping or chipping of the cutting edges off the base. Can be used for the production of furniture fronts;
  • With replaceable edges. Suitable for volume production where cutting edges blunts or fails quickly. The rest of the tool is quite serviceable, so it makes sense to change the blade and keep working. Usually double-sided edges are made, which are flipped over as they fail. Complete replacement of the cutting part is also possible;
  • monolithic. This type of tool is made from a single piece. High-strength, load-resistant, but relatively short tool life. They do not allow overheating; working at high speeds or blunt edges quickly puts the tool out of commission.

The vast majority of the tools available on the market are prefabricated. They are inexpensive and have a long service life. Cutters with replaceable edges are less common, as they require some skill and experience. They are also noticeably more expensive than prefabricated tools, which limits demand. Monolithic patterns are used for machining hard materials and require certain rules, cutting modes. Sharpening of such milling cutters is a difficult task and requires experience, so most home masters try not to use them.


Copy router bits belong to the edge tool family.

They consist of a support bearing and a cutting part with the same diameter.

The work requires a template, which is attached to the surface of the workpiece with clamps or double-sided adhesive tape. The protrusion of the cutter is adjusted so that the bearing rolls on a template, and the working part cuts off all the excess and leaves the edge with the desired outline.

Sometimes ordinary slot cutters with the diameter of the working part equal to the diameter of the shank are used as copying cutters. Smooth part slides on the template and the working part removes excess material. For such work, it is recommended to use metal templates, as wood does not tolerate the friction of the shank and burns with delays or strong pressure.

Cutter types

Cutters for a hardware manicure come in different materials and alloys.

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Diamond nozzlesDiamond cutters are designed for working on very sensitive, thin nails and cuticles. With their help, one can easily and delicately remove thin skin, which has grown on the nail (pterygium).Diamond tips can be natural or synthetic. But the latter dull and crumble quickly in work, so give preference to the natural diamond chips.

Ceramic cutters Ceramic nozzles are softer and more delicate in comparison. They are ideal for beginners. Ceramics eliminate trauma to the skin and nail plates, allowing the treatment of the most difficult areas during the hardware manicure.Cutters made of ceramic are not amenable to oxidation and corrosion. Ceramics do not get hot and uncomfortable during long machining, which is undoubtedly a plus.

Carbide cuttersThis category includes both metal and other carbide cutters. Metal nozzles for hardware manicure. hard. They are most often made of medical steel. They do not dust, but cut a thin layer, forming a chip. Metal nozzles are convenient for work with rough skin, to cut gel-lacquer and for treatment of the zones under the nails. Carbide cutters are made of tungsten carbide. They are convenient for removal and correction of artificial materials. But it is better to put them aside when working on cuticles and natural nails. There is a greater chance of oversawing and damage.

Corundum bitsCorundum bits are easy to work with. They are best used in the secondary phase of nail and cuticle treatment. Corundum cutter. acts delicately and gently. for cuticles, cuticles that are sensitive and fragile, and nails.

Polishers and buffersFinishing your manicure, you’ll need the following:1. Polish. helps to bring nail plates to perfection, smooth out all imperfections and remove excess gel or acrylic coating.2. A polisher has the same function, but is designed to work on cuticles. It removes burrs, improves the appearance of lateral rollers, and gives acrylics a glossy sheen.

What materials are made of cutters for manicure and pedicure in 2022

Nozzles for pedicure and manicure machines are made from different raw materials.

  • Ceramics. They have a gentle action, do not heat up during work and do not clog with skin and horny dust. However, they wear out quickly.

Machine selection criteria

To understand what cutters are needed for hardware manicure, it is not difficult. However, it is necessary in this case to understand for what type of manicure they are designed.

Cutters used for hardware manicure, thanks to the rotational motion creates a smooth surface on the surface of the nail and skin. In this case, the shape of the nail plate acquires a beautiful appearance! Cutters are used all the same way. they are a kind of attachments for manicure apparatus.

What Cutters Need for a Manicure Novice?

If you still do not understand what you need notches on the cutters, it’s time to get into it. The fact that cutters differ in hardness and abrasiveness (granularity of the spray). They are selected according to the material you are going to work with. On the shelves of our store ( you can find hard cutters, soft, medium-hard, soft, and very soft. To distinguish them, the cutters are marked in colorby The notches are. What the colored notches mean: White. These are cutters that you will work with as infrequently as possible. The thing is that they are extra soft, so they are suitable for very narrow Spectra work. For example, you can to use a cutter with a white notch when processing sensitive skin, or in cases with very fine work on a natural nail. Yellow. Soft nail cutters are marked with. They can be used for the removal of coats, but the process takes a very long time, so it is not advisable to use a yellow serrations. Use the yellow notch only in situations with Sensitive skin or when working on a natural nail. Red notches mean you can work on the skin and nail plate. It is a soft Universal cutter. Sometimes you see two red notches on diamond cutters, so denotes increased softness. Most often cutters with red notches are used for work with pterygium and lateral sinuses. The blue color is These are medium-hard cutters for working with the outer areas of the skin. In addition, with the blue cutter you can remove gel polish or acrylate. But by no means In the case of the nail plate can not be used for treatment. Be careful during blue notch work. Green. are rigid cutters that are only used to remove material from the nail. For example, it can be gel polish, acrylic, gel or acrygel. Green cutters can Treat the rough surface gently during pedicure, but remember not to use these cutters if the client has a sensitive skin. Black and purple notches. These are the toughest cutters, which can only be used To work with false nails. Do not use them for manicure, they are for that too coarse.

What are the different materials of cutters used for

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Cutters differ not only in abrasiveness, but also in material. The denser the material, the more difficult it is to remove rougher” work can be performed by the mill. Corundum cutters are most often used by beginners because of the ease of operation. These cutters do not scratch the nails, do not damage the skin during manicure and perform well during remove old coatings. It is a soft cutter. But it has a drawback: it heats up quickly, so It is necessary either to let it cool down, or to observe optimal speed. Diamond cutters. the most functional in a manicure, it is convenient to process lateral rollers and free edge of the nail. They are more rigid in structure than corundum and are used for grinding both natural and artificial nails. Diamond cutters can use and to work with calluses. Cutters of hard alloy. most often used to remove the old coating of acrylic, gel or gel varnish. But they can also be used to treat calluses, ingrown toenails and similar complex nail pathologies. The cutters are very comfortable to work with and seldom heat up. Ceramics Ceramic cutters perform well in the same situations where they are used tungsten carbide. The only difference is that they are more durable cutters and heated even less. Silicone cutters (and silicone-carbide). As a general rule, cutters made of this material Used for grinding skin, nails and any artificial surfaces. The felt cutters are is used in the final stage of manicure to polish natural or acrylic nails. Felt cutters can also be used to rub oil into the nail plate or skin near the nails. Silicon-carbide cutters in the form of sanding caps. are disposable cutters with different abrasiveness. The lower the abrasiveness, the rougher the cutter. They are most commonly used for blisters and rough skin during pedicure. Mounted on a rubber base. Sanding sand drums. These are disposable attachments that are more suitable for skin treatment. They are put on a metal base.

What are the differences between manicure cutters of different shapes?

Not all cutters are equally good and useful. some shapes of cutters can be considered Universal and very convenient for any stage of manicure, while others perform only one function in a particular step. Below are described the shapes that are most commonly used by masters in the nail industry: Flame. it is the most top and most versatile cutter shape. Its tip is very handy to treat the grooves at the nail, the master cleans up the rollers with the convex part of the cutter, and the cuticle the flat side of the mold can be machined. And remember one important point: with such It is better to work at a 45-degree angle with the burr. Needle. phrase with a sharp tip, which is always available from a professional. The needle is handy Raise and open the cuticle, remove pterygium, and make corrections to false nails. But you have to work with this shape very carefully, so as not to accidentally damage the skin or client’s nail plate. Hold the cutter parallel to the nail during work. Corn is a cutter that is ideal for beginners and is used by the nail technician to remove gel polish and other materials from the nail plate. In addition, the corn is comfortable correct the length of the client’s nails. Hold the cutter parallel to the nail plate, then your manicure session will be successful. Cone. a very specific cutter shape that is only used for cuticle work and only at an angle of 90 degrees. Not everyone is comfortable working with a cone, but you can try and decide for yourself whether you need this form in your arsenal. Ball (sphere). a very popular cutter shape that excellently cuts burrs, rollers at the nail and cut the cuticle perfectly. Perhaps this is the best solution for working with cuticle. The spheres come in different sizes. Generally, a medium-sized sphere is used to trim the cuticle, and a small one to trim the pterygoid. Drum (Cylinder) It is a cutter that is very useful for beginners, but you have to work with it Extremely careful not to traumatize the cuticle. The drum is best suited for work with artificial material. The bullet (Lentil) an ambiguous but popular cutter shape among nail technicians. Used exclusively for removing the cuticle after the cuticle has been lifted. Roller (Rounded Cylinder) a very comfortable cutter shape to work with You can safely cut cut the cuticle and perform a high-quality lateral roll treatment.

Purpose of the cutters for hardware manicure

Diamond cutters due to their physical properties are used by manicure masters during work with the delicate cuticle, fragile nails and when it is necessary to clean off the pterygium (a thin layer of cuticles, which is attached directly to the nail plate). But the diamond also has an abrasiveness, the degree of which can be easily determined by the color of the nozzle:

Ceramic nozzles are designed for both home and salon use. Unlike their diamond counterparts, they are softer, allowing them to be used for manipulating hard nails and cuticles, as well as for removing a coarse layer of epidermis or calluses.

Metal cutters. the choice of true professionals. As they are made of strong surgical steel alloys, use them to work on cuticle and lateral rollers.

Combination, silicone and plastic cutters. usually inexpensive disposable cutters. They do not require special storage, disinfection or sterilization. But in the disposable purpose and hides their flaw: if the client flow to the master manicure constantly filled, economically more profitable to get a full tool reusable. You can lose a lot of money on individual products.

One of the best representatives on the market are cutters produced by Stalex LLC, which has been producing manicure tools for more than 17 years.

Recommendations on cutters from experienced specialists

For professional care of nails will need the following set of nozzles:

The form of cutters for manicure: which for what is needed?

You came to a manicure store and the first thing that caught your eye in the window with cutters. is the variety of their forms. Round, thin, “puzata”, spherical, cylindrical. What for and which one??

Masters use cutters for two purposes:

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For work on the skin and nail plate;

Some cutters are used in one stage of manicure and perform only one function. They are called non-functional.

But there are also functional cutters. Are those that cope with several functions and stages of manicure. Work such cutters very much saves time the master. And an experienced technician can even perform a manicure with a single cutter.

Below we will consider the most popular cutters and their functionality.

    . This is probably the most popular and functional cutter in the master kit. They are used for treating the sinuses with the tip, for cleaning the cuticle with the flat part and for treating the lateral rollers with the “belly” part. It is a 45 degree angle cutter that helps remove cuticles and helps lift and open the cuticle. It is also used for correction of false nails. a natural nail is cut from the inside. The cutter should be held almost parallel to the nail plate, as the sharp tip can injure the client. Work at 90-degree angle with this cutter Such cutters are used for cut of cuticles, lateral ridges and burrs. They come in several diameters. A small-diameter ball, for example, cleans the pterygium, while a medium-diameter ball cleans the pterygium. Cuticle cutter This cutter is used in the work to remove the cuticle after lifting and opening the cuticle with a cone This cutter removes gel nail polish and nail extension materials. Also it makes the correction of the length of the nail plate. During use, the cutter must be kept parallel to the nail This cutter is suitable for removing the length of the nail plate and artificial material. Due to the fact that the cutter has sharp edges, there is a risk of injury to the cuticle, so beginners should use it very carefully These cutters make a safe cut of the cuticle and lateral rollers.

INTERESTING! Cutters came to the nail industry from dentistry. They were originally designed for dental treatment. Subsequently, the masters of manicure began to use those shapes that are suitable for the treatment of nails.

What cutters do a beginner need for a manicure?

What cutters are needed for a manicure beginner?

The faster and better you do the job, the more likely it is that the client will come back to youto you again. And considerably speed up the process of manicure will help the machine with cutters. Beginners oftenget confused and don’t understand which burr is needed and what it is for, because there are so many of them and they are so different.over, in the basic kit to the machine go not the most suitable and rough cutters thatAre not suitable for professional work. One way or another, as time goes by, you have toYou can manually upgrade the machine to the required minimum. In this article you will find answers to all the questions that relate to the cutters and may arise frombeginner nail-master.:

  • What cutters are necessary for a manicure for a beginner: a set of the most necessaryinstances
  • What is the “abrasiveness” of nozzles? Why do you need colored notches?
  • For what different materials are used cutters
  • What is the difference between manicure cutters of different shapes?

What cutters you need for a manicure beginner: assembling a set of the most necessary specimens

It should be noted at once that the novice nail-master does not need to assemble a “completean “ammunition kit” of routers for all occasions. There will be enough “basic set”, whichonly the most indispensable and universal cutters are included.

  • Ceramic cutter “corn” (or corundum corn). with its help it is convenient to remove old gel polish or trim the length of nails. It is the most universal cutter,If you’re new to nail art, this is the first choice;
  • The small and medium diamond ball with blue notches are great for removing cuticles and smoothing the lateral rollers on the nail. It is also the most comfortable to useTo get rid of burrs;
  • Diamond bullet, flame and cone with red notch. used to open and lift the cuticle, as well as convenient to treat rollers with them;
  • diamond-coated cone. to treat pterygium. This cutter doesn’t have that wide of a purpose, but The ball is almost unbeatable when working with pterygium;
  • Drum” or cylinder-shaped carbide cutter. used to remove old nail polish or to shape nails. TryWorking with a burr very carefully so as not to accidentally damage the cuticle. Drum orthe cylinder is inherent in inexperienced hands. If you plan to do additional pedicures, be sure to get one:
  • Needle with a diamond coating. will come in handy for treating cracks in the nails, as well as when working with pterygia. And it will be useful, including, for manicure, when you file a nail from the inside. Needle can not be called safe, so be with itBe extremely careful;
  • Silicon carbide caps. necessarily with a rubber base, this is a basic cutter for pedicure;
  • Sanders. useful for both manicures and pedicures, try to choose different softness and sizes.

What is the “abrasiveness” of nozzles? Why do you need colored notches?

If you still do not understand what you need notches on cutters, it’s time to figure it out.

The fact that cutters differ in hardness and abrasiveness (granularity of spraying). They Selected according to the material you want to work with. On the shelves of our store ( you can find hard cutters, soft, medium-hard, soft and very soft.

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To distinguish them, the cutters are marked with color notches.

What the colored notches mean: White are cutters that you will work with as infrequently as possible. The thing is they are extra soft, so they are suitable for very narrow work. For example, you can Use a cutter with a white notch when treating sensitive skin, or in cases with very fine work on the natural nail.

Yellow are marked soft cutters. They can be used to remove the coating, but the process will take a very long time. Use the yellow notch only in situations with on sensitive skin or when working on a natural nail. Red notch means you can work on skin and nail plate. it is soft universal cutter. Sometimes you can find two red notches on diamond cutters, so denotes increased softness. Most often red-cut cutters are used for with pterygium and lateral grooves.

The blue color is these are medium-hard cutters for work on the external areas of the skin. In addition, with the blue cutter you can remove the gel polish or acrylatic. But in no way should not be used for nail plate. Be careful during blue-cut work.

Green. These are hard cutters, which are only used for removing the material from the nail. For example, it can be gel polish, acrylic, gel or acrylate. Green files can be used for Treat the rough surface carefully during a pedicure, but remember not to to use such cutters as intended, if the client has sensitive skin. Black and purple notches. These are the toughest cutters you can use only For working with hardwood nails. Do not use them for manicure, that’s what they are for too coarse.

What the different cutter materials are used for

Cutters differ not only in abrasiveness, but also in material. The denser the material, the rougher” work can be performed by a mill.