What type of oil is recommended for a tiller and how should it be changed? The solution to this issue needs to be taken seriously, since the period of operation and the quality of engine operation depend on which oil to fill into the tiller.
Engine oils for four stroke ICE cultivators
Most modern tiller trucks are equipped with four-stroke engines, the design of which does not include the installation of an oil pump. The plain bearing of the lower connecting rod head is lubricated by scooping up grease from the crankcase. All other bearings, CPG, gas distribution mechanism receive oil power by spraying.
Additives used in tiller oils should have anti-friction, anti-seize and detergent properties
The engine, which is equipped with a four-stroke motor cultivator, operate in unstable temperature conditions. The reason for this is mainly an air cooling system.
Cultivator Engine Oil Requirements
Motor oil, the use of which is allowed for the lubrication of four-stroke engines of tiller engines, does not matter. this diesel engine, or gasoline unit, must satisfy a certain set of requirements:
- In order to avoid oil starvation during engine warm-up, the lubricant must have a reduced kinematic viscosity over a wide temperature range. The use of excessively viscous oils in power plants that are not equipped with oil pumps inevitably leads to scuffing on rubbing surfaces and subsequent jamming of the motor.
- In order to maintain stable operational properties for a long time during cyclic heating and cooling, a package of additive additives with high antifriction and extreme pressure properties should be integrated into the tiller oil.
- The protection of the piston-cylinder group from the capture of metal particles by the piston under extreme high-temperature exposure should be ensured by a high-strength oil film.
- 4 cycle oils for tiller units should include additives that give the grease good detergent properties. This effectively counteracts the formation of varnish deposits in the crankcase and on the lubricated surfaces of the internal combustion engine, as well as the formation of dirt in the form of sediment.
- For tillers, low coking oil should be used. This is especially true in power plants equipped with air cooling. the area of the piston rings can be heated to a temperature of 300 ° C. Oil soot formed as a result of critical temperature exposure provokes loss of mobility of the rings. As well as reduced compression, which leads to increased consumption of lubricant.
Taking into account all these preliminary features, oil should be chosen for four-stroke engines of tiller units.
The most suitable oils for tiller
The SAE viscosity grade for the upper temperature should be no more than 30 units for operation in temperate regions and 40 units in hot regions. The viscosity index for lower temperature viscosity should not be more than 10W.
In severe temperature conditions, it is recommended to use tiller oil with a low viscosity
These parameters are satisfied with 10W30, 5W30, 0W30, 5W40, 10W40 oils on a synthetic or semi-synthetic base. If we consider purely summer modifications, then synthetic or semi-synthetic greases SAE 30 or SAE 40 are suitable. The quality class according to API oil for a four-stroke engine of a motor-cultivator must be at least SG.
It should be understood that practically all the specific requirements that apply to motor liquid lubricants for tillers with a 4-stroke ICE are met by automobile lubricants of well-known brands.
The difference may lie in the consumption and amount of soot, which inevitably occurs during operation in all air-cooled engines.
Despite the fact that the physical and technical parameters of automotive lubricants are identical to specialized oils for tiller, it is advisable to use in practice the type and brand recommended in the passport documentation of the unit. This is due to the design features of motors for cultivators and the specific mode of their operation in conditions of high ambient temperature background.
There are a large number of different killers, each of which has its own characteristics, specific characteristics and other differences, so you can choose exactly this type of equipment to care for your site, which will seem to you the most attractive.
However, it is worth considering that like any other equipment, Sadko, Don, Huter, Pro, Plowman, Champion, Carver, Husqvarna, Lifan 6.5 and others need constant care, proper use and good attitude. After all, this unit is very similar to a car, therefore, care for it should be consistent.
For more information about the tiller, see the video:
What types of grease should be used?
There are two types of grease for tiller:
- For 4-stroke engine
- For a 2-stroke engine
What kind of oil to pour into the tiller?
The whole procedure, based on which oil to fill in the tiller gearbox and how to replace it, begins with the use of transmission substances. Before starting the replacement, you should initially track the level of oil used, then wipe the dipstick with a rag. In the normal state, the lubricant level in the tiller should be between the divisions, meaning the minimum and maximum. If the level of lubricants dropped below a certain level, then it must be increased.
Oil change in the tiller
After about 100 hours of using the engine, it is necessary to change the oil in the tiller, sometimes this procedure needs to be done after 50 hours. It is only necessary to use the type that meets all the requirements and conditions of use. So what kind of oil is poured into the tiller?
The oil change procedure consists of several operations:
- it is necessary to install the tiller horizontally;
- using a strong screwdriver, remove the plug on the drain tank;
- pour the contents into a previously prepared container (the volume must be at least 2 l), the duration of the whole process will take about 20 minutes;
- screw the drain plug back on;
- pour the required amount of oil for the tiller into the gearbox, then close the hole. Use caution when filling with oil so that it does not run down the walls.
The most suitable for use is 10w30 brand oil. A 4-stroke oil for tiller will do just fine, and thanks to its anti-corrosion properties, the engine will last an order of magnitude longer. When combined with special additives, the effect of the work is enhanced.
Video: How to Choose the Right Oil For Your Tiller And Pour It
Sometimes users buy tilleries without lubricants, in this case they will need to be filled with fresh ones before they start to be used. In order not to make a mistake in the choice, you need to use high-quality, reliable and suitable oil for the tiller. Particular attention should be paid to viscosity (the indicator is indicated on the label). According to this criterion, the best option would be oil labeled SAI, API. But first you need to carefully read the manual, which will clearly indicate the recommended variation of the lubricant.
The oil for the tiller gearbox is different, and its quality almost always depends on the cost. But in any case, its high cost will pay off, because the repair of the engine will fly into a pretty penny, and even become a big nuisance.
It is important to use oil of well-known manufacturers whenever possible, their high-quality lubricant will protect the tiller gearbox. The main thing in this matter is not to fall for a fake. When choosing oil, pay attention to its properties, as well as what season it is intended for.
Oil change in the tiller engine
The first time to change the oil in the tiller engine follows at the end of the break-in process, which usually lasts about 25-30 hours of operation (depending on the model). Subsequent replacements should be made no earlier than 2 times a year. in summer and winter. Even if the tiller was idle, the oil should still be checked and replaced if necessary, since it may be watered. It is also recommended to take into account the loads that the tiller was subjected to. If during a visual assessment of the condition of the oil you see that it has a very dark color. the change should be carried out immediately.
The replacement process itself is simple and does not take much time. To do this, you need a container for draining and a funnel with a wide neck. It is necessary to drain the oil while the motor has not yet cooled down after operation. The drain hole is usually located either on the left or bottom of the engine. Prepare a container for draining, slightly tilt the tiller with the drain hole to the container, unscrew the drain plug and the oil filling holes. Wait until the liquid has drained completely. If the manufacturer has not provided a drain hole for waste oil. drain is carried out through the same hole as the bay. To do this, you will have to tilt the tiller to one side. This procedure is best done together, in order to avoid the fall of the unit or oil spill.
Pour oil into the tiller in the same amount as it was drained. After, be sure to measure the level with a probe. If there is no dipstick, just pour a full sump, right up to the plug. After changing the oil, it is also recommended that the spark plugs be replaced.
Some engines are particularly sensitive to the type of oil. For example, tilleri with engines Subaru, Honda, Briggs&Stratton requires an oil of class SE and above, but no worse than class SG.
How often to change the grease in the tiller?
The first replacement should be carried out after engine break-in (26-33 hours of continuous operation).
Further oil changes should be carried out twice a year:
- Before the start of the winter period.
- At the beginning of the spring-summer season before the intensive use of the unit in the field.
If it has not worked for a long time, anyway, it is necessary to change the oil in it, since it will begin to be flooded under the influence of time. If it has changed a relatively transparent color to a darker one, then the replacement must be carried out immediately.
Why car engine oil is not suitable?
First of all, you need to be guided by the instruction manual for the tiller and only on the basis of this document choose the right brand and type of lubricant. In this article, we will consider all the most important issues of lubricant replacement in the main units of the tiller.
Many tiller owners are wondering if it is possible to use automotive engine oil to lubricate the main components of the unit. Experienced mechanics responsibly declare that even if there is a sufficient amount of automobile available, it is not recommended to use it for pouring into a tiller.
The thing is that the engine of the car and the tiller have a different lubrication scheme and a fairly different temperature regime.
In addition, the engines of the tiller and the car are different from each other:
- Specific design
- The degree of forcing
- Specific material
Therefore, the use of automotive engine oil to maintain the tiller in working condition is strongly discouraged. After all, the use of automobiles leads to accelerated wear of the cylinders and the engine piston group as a whole, which ultimately causes engine failure.
As mentioned above, the gearbox is the main force of the tiller and an important structural element. Depending on the manufacturer, there may be differences in the gearboxes.
As for refueling, transmission oils must be used. Many tiller owners have a question: how to choose oil for the tiller gearbox, in what time frame to change it, what oil to fill in to the tiller, in what volumes. All these data must be known.
The most correct solution would be to use the recommendations of the unit manufacturer.
If there is no instruction manual for your device, then Here is an example of popular gear oils:
- Synthetics: zicg-ftop 75w90, Castrol Syntans Transaxle SAR 75W90, Total Transsynfe 75w90;
- Semisynthetics: Tdl75w90, Nfj 75w80. TNK trans gipoid super 75w90;
- On a mineral basis: 75W80 BV, EPX 80W90 GL5, Lukoil 80W90 TM-4.
The most popular uses are domestic tillers: Tap-15, Tm-5, Tap, Tad-17i. Semisynthetics. ZIC 10W40.
Important! Before you start working on a new tiller, it is imperative to run it in. After 25-30 hours of break-in, you should change the oil. Subsequently, it changes after 180-200 hours of operation, but if the unit is not in operation, then every one and a half to two years.
How to change?
Naturally, if you saw that there is not enough oil, then you just need to add it. This can be done either through a funnel, or through a hose, or directly from the neck of the bottle into the neck of the crankcase. Oil in the crankcase tiller poured smoothly, without rushing.
After topping up, you need to measure the oil level again to make sure that it is normal. After that, the oil change in the tiller can be considered complete.
To add engine oil, tilt forward a little. To replace the lubricating fluid in the gearbox has a special plug. Please note that it is not necessary to turn or tilt the tiller, as this can lead to oil leakage, as a result of which it can get into the engine cylinders.
Tiller owners usually change their oil for the first time after 5 hours of operation on their unit, and then change it every 25 hours. But preferably change lubricant every spring before first use.
In any case, check that the oil level is sufficient before each use of the tiller.
It is worth considering before you turn off the oil sensor on the tiller, because thanks to it you can also monitor the level of lubricant without any extraneous tools.
As we have already said, the oil level must meet two criteria: if you measured the level without a dipstick, top up until the oil is visible to the eye through the neck opening. But, in any case, it is advisable to check the level with a probe.
To do this, simply lower it into the crankcase and make sure that it is normal. This way you can make sure that exactly the amount of oil required for normal operation unit.
Diesel tiller oil
As for the choice of lubricants for other models of tiller, in this case, one should also be guided by the operating instructions and recommendations of the manufacturer. In general, oils for diesel tiller are divided into such
- CA. for tillers subject to low to moderate loads. Significantly reduces the degree of corrosion of bearings and deposits on engine parts at high temperatures. Not suitable for use in high voltage environments;
- CB. as well as the previous view, this oil is designed for low and medium loads. Compared with the CA category, it further reduces the degree of corrosion formation;
- CC. for use in tillers subject to medium and high loads, the engines of which are air-cooled. Reduces deposits on parts at high temperatures and reduces the risk of corrosion on bearings;
- CD. for air-cooled diesel engines that are designed to operate at high speeds.
Like any other product that is used for the normal maintenance of equipment, oil can cause malfunctions. Consider the most common problems that occur with lubricating fluid for the engine and transmission.
Oil inside the cylinder
It often happens that during operation the tiller leans on its side. Usually the owner does not attach much importance to this, however, in vain. It often happens that oil flows through the valve stems into the engine cylinder. Because of this, the technique may start to smoke, which obviously will not please the owner of the tiller.
To get rid of this problem, it is necessary to clean the cylinder and candles. Such a problem can also be caused by the fact that the tiller was piled on its side especially when changing the oil. You do not need to do this!
The oil in the tiller cylinder is an unpleasant, but quite easily fixable problem.
High oil consumption
But what if the tiller eats oil in liters? Some try in this case just to use a more viscous oil, but this is guaranteed to not help solve the problem. Most likely, it consists in worn piston rings. To solve it, just change the rings.
If, after the replacement, the problem persists, then it is worth giving the unit for diagnosis, because an increase in oil consumption indicates a malfunction in the operation of this part of the tiller. If no measures are taken, then soon the equipment will begin to smoke, which is clearly not good. Therefore, fix any problem on time.
If you can not do it yourself, then contact the professionals. Timely solution to any technical problem will help you save on a new tiller or engine.
And so, you decide what oil is needed for the tiller. It is advisable to follow the instructions if they indicate the brand of lubricant.
If not, it is better to consult with professionals, they are guaranteed to help determine which oil is better to fill in the tiller to guarantee the protection of moving parts of the engine and transmission. Also, always make sure how much oil is in the tiller.