How to connect a mower to a walk-behind tractor

How to connect a mower to a walk-behind tractor

An important condition for effective work is the correct installation of the rotary mower on the walk-behind tractor. It involves following certain rules.

Before fixing the mower to the walk-behind tractor, put it in reverse. Place the attachment knot in the hitch seat. Lock the connection by means of pivots with a spring (its presence is necessary. without a spring, the mechanism will become unusable). It is advisable to equip the working part of the mower with a cover to increase safety.

If weights are installed on the walk-behind tractor, it makes sense to remove them, since they are not required during the mowing process. After starting, you should test the device’s performance at low speeds. If the mower is assembled by hand, before work, you need to make sure that all fasteners are reliable and ensure the safety of work.

Rotary mower “Zarya”

This attachment is designed for mowing grass, harvesting livestock feed. The attachment consists of two metal discs, with hidden cutting knives (4 for each disc). A rigid frame is attached to the front of the walk-behind tractor to the PTO shaft, which transmits torque to the rotors.

The weight of the Zarya mower is 24 kg, its dimensions are 810/930/780.

How to make a mower for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands. manufacturing options

Almost each of the listed types of mowers for a walk-behind tractor available on the farm is quite simple to make on your own. The only thing is that problems can arise when assembling frontal equipment, since it is quite cumbersome and requires the acquisition of many hinge mechanisms.

The most popular among enthusiastic farmers are rotary and segment attachments for walk-behind tractors. They have a simple design and do not require specialized equipment to be manufactured.

Standard differential

This is a universal walk-behind tractor that allows the walk-behind tractor to make a sharp turn at an angle of up to 240 degrees (one wheel is blocked). The maneuverability of the motorized device is increasing. In addition, the differential can be used as an axle extension to attach the rotary tillers.

Front mower for walk-behind tractor. design features

Such a mounted mower for a walk-behind tractor is mainly used to work together with heavy equipment equipped with a water cooling system. The main tasks that the front mower on the walk-behind tractor is designed to cope with are mowing a large number of tall and thick weeds, removing bushes, harvesting large volumes of hay.

connect, mower, walk-behind, tractor

Some models of front-end equipment are pre-equipped with a rake, so that the operation of a walk-behind tractor with a mower of this type allows you to collect the cut grass in felts, thus simplifying the process of working on the site. In the side parts of the front mowers for walk-behind tractors, there are separate skids, the movement of which allows you to adjust the cutting height of the grass. The complete set of most models of attachments of this type includes special pulleys that replace the standard elements of motoblocks.

BCS 750 walk behind Tractor with a leveler adapter plate on dozer blade-box scraper.

Overview

A review of attachments for OKA walk-behind tractors will help you learn about all the possibilities of heavy motor vehicles, which in recent years have gained immense popularity, both among farms and among summer residents and villagers.

The manufacturer of Oka walk-behind tractors is the Kaluga machine-building plant “KaDvi”, which produces both walk-behind tractors themselves and functional equipment for them. It is important to note that the produced attachments are perfectly aggregated with another brand of motoblocks, Ugra, produced by the same plant.

Installing the mower on a walk-behind tractor. in detail for beginners

The preparation of the walk-behind tractor available on the farm before mowing the grass consists in installing the selected mower on it.

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Installation of attachments is carried out in the following order:

  • First, you need to fix the tensioner from the mower kit;
  • Next, you need to put the pulley of the device on the upper clutch so that the front of the hub “looks” at the flange of the tensioner;
  • After that, it is necessary to fasten all the installed parts with a screw;
  • Then you need to install the mower and put on the belt, then fix the mower with pins;
  • At the next stage, you need to put on an apron that prevents grass from getting on the operator, and put the protective shield back on the walk-behind tractor. The video will tell you more about installing the mower on a walk-behind tractor.

Once the mower is installed, the belt tension will need to be adjusted. This is done by turning the handle in the direction of the walk-behind tractor. After that, you can start mowing the grass in the area.

Rotary

Equipment of this type is intended primarily for cutting weeds and thin bushes. Having a rotary-type device on the farm, you can effortlessly remove grass over large areas. The second name of this mower is disc, since the design of the device involves discs, inside of which there are moving knives. The number of discs differs depending on the design, but usually there are two or three. Installing a rotary mower on a walk-behind tractor usually involves front mounting, but there are varieties of disc devices that are mounted on the side or rear, being semi-trailed or trailed.

The principle of operation of this equipment assumes the transfer of torque from the support wheel to the discs. The discs themselves are mounted on a frame supported by a sled. Thanks to the same slide, the cutting height of the plants can also be adjusted. The discs are arranged in a row, and the more there are, the wider the swath. Such mowers are used both on pastures and on large vegetable gardens.

Caravaggi Mini-Trencher for Walk-Behind Tractor

Classification

Note that various types of structures are known, and their list is not limited to the listed three. However, it is the rotary and segment-type mowers, as well as the “cart” type, that are not only the most demanded, but are also easily accessible for assembly at home. Each type of construction has its own characteristics and its own advantages and disadvantages, significant in some working conditions and insignificant in others.

Mower-carriage

Equipment of this type is usually aggregated with heavy walk-behind tractors equipped with water cooling systems. Mower-carts are intended for large-scale work. cutting in large quantities of tall and thick weeds and bushes, large hay harvests. Sometimes the design is equipped with a rake, which greatly simplifies the collection of the cut grass. As with other types of structures, there is a slide for adjusting the cutting height.

Do-it-yourself mower for walk-behind tractor

Auto mechanic specializing in agricultural machinery

The use of small agricultural machinery can significantly increase the productivity of a land plot and save time and effort required to carry out various types of work. Due to the possibility of aggregation of the walk-behind tractor with attachments, the process of performing almost any task can be optimized.

This can be fully attributed to the possibilities that a mounted mower for a walk-behind tractor gives: harvesting hay for livestock, mowing grass and small shrubs on arable land, mowing a lawn. tasks that manually require a lot of time and effort are easily and quickly performed when help attachments.

And since, on the one hand, the cost of such equipment cannot be called cheap, and on the other hand, the design and principle of operation are quite simple, many owners prefer to assemble the mower on a walk-behind tractor with their own hands. How to do this will be discussed in our article.

How to make a segment mower with your own hands

To assemble a segment mower, you need the following parts:

  • metal bar with parameters 15 × 50 × 120 mm;
  • knives;
  • disks;
  • wheel;
  • fasteners (bolts, nuts).

The variability of mowers will allow you to create the cheapest and highest quality option for you.

The toolbox is identical to all those listed for the previous design. To build, you need to follow these steps:

  • drill holes in the timber for M8 bolts;
  • make sure each knife has a segment on the back and a clip for the drive arm;
  • fasten the knives to the bar on both sides;
  • fix the clamps and sleds to the bar;
  • install the wheel.
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The mechanism is driven by a shaft, which causes the knives to rotate and back and forth, allowing the mechanism to easily cut thick weeds.

Segmental

The construction of the segment mower is extremely simple. It includes a frame and bars fixed on it (as a rule, there are two of them). Knives are placed between the bars, making back-and-forth movements according to the scissor principle. over, the work of the segments alternates. while one is in motion, the other is motionless. The grass is mowed quickly and evenly, and the design features of the device make it possible to successfully use it for mowing on surfaces with difficult terrain.

The frame is placed on support wheels, which makes it possible both frontal placement and fastening behind the walk-behind tractor. As in the rotary version, the design includes a slide that allows you to adjust the cutting height of the grass. Due to the peculiarities of the principle of operation, devices of this type cope well with weeds with thick stems, successfully mow dry plants and are very effective when harvesting green fodder.

One of the main advantages that users note is the accessibility, ease of use of this type of device and rather rare breakdowns. However, segment mowers have disadvantages. These include low productivity, in addition, equipment of this type is not very suitable for mowing low plants.

Device and principle of operation

There are several types of mowing equipment. The most popular and at the same time the most often made on their own are frontal. providing for the installation of the mower on the walk-behind tractor. Three types of structures can be distinguished:

  • rotary (disk);
  • segment;
  • “Carriage”.

These types of equipment differ not only in appearance, but also in the principle of operation. It is necessary to understand it, since the technical capabilities of the device must fully meet the expectations of its owner. Let’s take a closer look at each type separately.

Rotary

Equipment of this type is intended primarily for cutting weeds and thin bushes. Having a rotary-type device on the farm, you can effortlessly remove grass over large areas. The second name of this mower is disc, since the design of the device involves discs, inside of which there are moving knives. The number of discs differs depending on the design, but usually there are two or three. Installing a rotary mower on a walk-behind tractor usually involves front mounting, but there are varieties of disc devices that are mounted on the side or rear, being semi-trailed or trailed.

The principle of operation of this equipment assumes the transfer of torque from the support wheel to the discs. The discs themselves are mounted on a frame supported by a sled. Thanks to the same slide, the cutting height of the plants can also be adjusted. The discs are arranged in a row, and the more there are, the wider the swath. Such mowers are used both on pastures and on large vegetable gardens.

Homemade rotary mower for walk-behind tractor

A home-made rotary mower is used for a walk-behind tractor for mowing grass for hay and for mowing a lawn. If the grass is small, then the mower will simply chop it, and the tall grass will be mowed.

Consider a model made for the Neva walk-behind tractor and similar models. We use two discs from the grain seeder, and from the chainsaw. a chain and a gearbox. One disc requires four knives. They are made from hardened metal. To install them, holes with a diameter of six millimeters are drilled on each disc with a carbide drill. Using a shredder, we attach the knives to the discs. We also keep the gap between the knife and the shank, which is 1-2 mm more than the thickness of the knife itself.

Thanks to this, the centrifugal force, when rotating, will straighten the knives from the disc, and they will mow the grass. At the same time, it should be possible to rotate the knives 360 degrees, which is done for greater safety of the knives when they collide with something solid.
Strong carbon steel is used to make the axle to which the knives will be mounted. The diameter of the axle must be at least eight millimeters. In order for the knives to have free movement, you need to tighten the axle with a disc until it stops.

These two discs are mounted on a welded frame and communicate with the PTO drive. The rotation of the discs should occur towards each other, which will allow the mowed grass to be folded into rows.

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Homemade mower for walk-behind tractor, characteristics and description

Usually, home-made mowers for a walk-behind tractor, construct a frontal type: a rotary mower, a segment mower and a carriage mower.

The welded frame is the basis for the segment and rotary mowers. It is made from metal corners, 4×4 cm in size. For the wheel axle, the bearing housings are mounted on the frame. Then the working part of the mower of the selected type is made.

Homemade segment mower for walk-behind tractor

Such a segment mower for a walk-behind tractor is made of metal beams 15x50x120. They need to drill 12 holes so that their dimensions fit the M8 bolts. In the future, a guide rail (89 cm) with teeth and knives will be attached to these bolts. Knives are installed on both sides of the timber.

Runners and clamps are attached from both ends of the timber. A wheel is attached to the main frame, which can be removed from an unnecessary stroller. Under the influence of the PTO of the walk-behind tractor, the cutting part of the mower begins to work. This can be seen in more detail in the figure:

main welded frame (1), braces (2), gear wheel (3), fixing and adjustment of the braking system (4), pawl for fixing the brake (5), main arches (6 and 8), articulated body (7), leg (9), fuel line (10), regulator valve (11), container for gasoline (12), handle (13), levers (14 and 17), latching mechanism (15), fastening bolt (16), throttle control lever ( 18), clamp (19), engine muffler (20), engine (21), fixing hardware (22), fairing (23), cutting blades (24 and 25), cover (26), slide (27), element fixation (28), knife frame (29), rod (30), pin (31), plates for holding the lower and upper parts (32 and 33).

The mower, assembled according to this drawing, easily mows the grass. This homemade mower can be seen in action in the video.

Homemade mower for walk-behind tractor (rotary, segment)

To facilitate the physical labor of a person on a personal plot, more than a hundred different sheds for the walk-behind tractor are offered. But not everyone can afford to buy such equipment, because its cost is not cheap. The article describes a homemade mower for a walk-behind tractor, the pros and cons of popular designs.

When assembling such a mower, the most important thing is to get a safe and high-quality model. To make a mower for a walk-behind tractor with their own hands, they usually use improvised units from agricultural machinery. After all, the main goal pursued by the creators of a homemade mower is to save money and achieve maximum results. Some models that ordinary gardeners come up with often surprise professionals with their idea and simplicity of design.

How to connect a homemade mower to a walk-behind tractor

A manually assembled mower will not bring the desired result if it is incorrectly attached to the walk-behind tractor. There are certain rules to follow when installing the mower.

First of all, you need to turn the walk-behind tractor into reverse mode. Before attaching to the PTO shaft, a connecting unit is placed in the hitch socket. Using a king pin with a spring, you need to lock the connection. The absence of a spring will lead to a malfunction of the trailer mechanism.

For greater safety, cover the mower blades with a protective cover. The wheels of the walk-behind tractor contain weights that help in soil cultivation. Since they are not necessary when mowing grass, they should be removed. Cutting grass with the mower should be started at the lowest speed. No need to rush when cornering and make them smoothly.
If you assembled a mower for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands, first of all its work should be safe.

When the homemade mower is connected to the walk-behind tractor and it works, quite high revolutions of the discs with knives are achieved. In the event of a breakdown of the mount, you or people around you may be injured. Therefore, first, think about whether you have enough skill to make such a device. After all, it will be much cheaper to purchase a ready-made mower for a walk-behind tractor than medicines and treatment of crippled organs or nerves.