How to convert an engine from a tiller to an ant

Engine from Tiller to Ant

engine, tiller

Auto mechanic specializing in agricultural machinery

Agricultural machinery used in household plots, fields, vegetable gardens and summer cottages, at the present time, is a fairly technologically advanced device. It is almost impossible to find a person who has not used a tiller or cultivator to facilitate the labor associated with working on the soil.

You can choose a tiller for every taste and budget, or you can make it yourself. Often the motor from the unit is used to make a full-fledged motor scooter, which is also indispensable for farmers, because the movement of goods over long distances is always required. Consider how to make a motor scooter Ant with an engine from a home tiller.

Use a tiller motor to give life to a new device

How to install the engine from Tiller Ant

Work on installing the engine from the Tiller Ant should begin by moving the motor over. Then it is recommended to adhere to a certain plan in order to get a high-quality and reliable unit:

  • Frame manufacturing. This is done by welding a sheet of iron to a 4mm diameter pipe. The frame must be firmly attached to the engine.
  • Installing the carburetor, air filter and muffler.

Important! A cooling cover must be fitted to protect the unit from overheating..

In this video, we will consider an ant on an engine from a tiller:

Attention! You will have to open and close the carburetor flap manually.

  • we install the wheel in front of the tiller, and the level of plowing depth and ease of control will depend on the correct attachment;
  • we make nozzles from pipes and corners, fix them with a key in special grooves and, so that there is no movement along the axis, we fix them with bolts;
  • we determine the level of capture of about 1-1.2 meters, depending on the work performed.

The unit based on the motor scooter Ant will turn out to be a little bulky, weighing about 90 kilograms, and slightly clumsy. But special maneuverability in the garden and in the field is not required, since there are usually no obstacles that must be frequently bypassed. But the motor will perfectly withstand all loads, even with long and continuous operation..

When a homemade Ant with a motor from a tiller needs to be moved a long distance, then in the manufacture of equipment it should be possible to install wheels that are bolted through, or make an additional stand for transportation in the back of a truck or in a trailer.

It is also possible to make the wheels smaller and attach a plow, potato digger or tiller.

Tiller Engine Swap – It’s Toast!


Vasily, 32 years old

“The old Ant has been gathering dust in the garage for several years. After looking at several relevant articles on the Internet, I decided to adapt the motor from the tiller to it. It turned out to be an excellent au pair, an economical and reliable unit. Moreover, do-it-yourself production of Bosch would be much cheaper if I bought a new device “.

“Combining Tiller and Ant is a great idea, which miraculously came to mind. Having made the equipment, I received a unit that perfectly copes with all agricultural work on my personal plot. It not only loosens and digs up the soil, but also helps in harvesting and transporting various heavy loads. I am very pleased with the new technology. “.

Manufacturing of additional devices

Tillers go on sale assembled and with a minimum set. To carry out the entire volume of agricultural work, the plow and cutter are clearly not enough. A factory kit for reworking a tiller can cost more than the unit itself. You can make various attachments and attachments from scrap materials using the tools that are in every pantry of a country house and summer cottage.

It is worth considering some options for making additional equipment with your own hands:

  • Redesigned rake for collecting cut grass, debris, twigs and fallen leaves. If you do this work manually, then it will take a lot of time and effort. Trailed equipment will allow you to clean large areas in a few minutes. For work, you will need a wide strip of sheet iron and several meters of reinforcement with a cross section of 8-12 mm. The reinforcement should be cut into 10 cm long pieces and welded to the plate in several rows and at intervals of 3-4 cm. Long rods are welded to the plate to attach to the tiller frame. The trailed rake can be equipped with rollers for improved maneuverability and smooth running.
  • Blade for cleaning snow. Most units work much more efficiently in the cold, as they do not overheat. Snow removal can be mechanized in winter. The moldboard is made of two pieces of channel welded together. This makes it possible to obtain a cutting height of up to 40 cm. The blade width is selected according to the power and weight of the unit in the range of 40-80 cm. The blade is rigidly bolted to the front of the machine. Initially, it can be mobile or stationary..
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With a creative approach, you can make a hiller, harrows and a potato digger that are not inferior in quality to factory counterparts..

Increase in speed and cross-country ability

These questions are relevant for those who have to work on hard and wet ground, on ups and downs. Even the most advanced models can slip, forcing the operator to put extra effort in pushing the machine forward. Many are not satisfied with the speed of the unit when towing equipment or transporting various goods.

There are several ways to solve these problems:

    Increase the diameter of the wheels. Most of the tillers are equipped with wheels with a diameter of 25-30 cm. If you put wheels 45-50 cm from an old small car, then the speed of the unit will double. But, you should not make a racing car out of a tiller, since this device does not have high strength and good stability. You can accelerate to 25-30 km / h only on a flat road without sharp turns.

There are many opportunities for a radical transformation of even a small domestic-made tiller. This technique can be transformed into any agricultural implement and off-road vehicle..

Power plant tuning

Its power and equipment performance depend on the stability of the engine. It is very expensive and unpromising to upgrade a regular motor. But, there are several ways to make the engine work more efficiently..

This requires:

  • Install a quality spark plug. Regularly clean it from carbon deposits, periodically check the gap. At the first sign of a decrease in power, replace the plug.
  • Use the best strips on all joints. This allows you to maintain the desired pressure in the unit, prevents a decrease in power and the formation of smoke during operation..
  • Fill the engine with the best oil up to the upper mark. It should be remembered that when the unit is tilted, oil outflows from rubbing parts.
  • Check the quality of fuel before filling the tank. It is advisable to let it settle for a while so that the water sinks to the bottom of the container. The tank itself must be cleaned and wiped dry every 2-3 days.
  • Install an additional radiator. To do this, steel plates are welded to the engine housing, which will effectively remove excess heat..

A radical solution is to replace the power plant with a more powerful and perfect one. Today, Japanese, Chinese and European engines are available for high performance and reliability. It is possible that the frame will have to be redone for a new power plant..

External tuning of the unit

Structurally, light, medium and heavy tillers practically do not differ. They consist of a power plant, chassis and controls. The operator resembles an ancient plowman, holding the machine handles with both hands. However, it is not protected from sunlight, rain, snow and heat from the engine. There is no need to spend additional funds to create additional comfort. Everything you need is at hand. External retrofitting of the tiller involves the installation of a removable or permanent awning, an additional protective casing or a hood above the power plant.

To work you will need:

  • roulette;
  • building level;
  • Angle Grinder;
  • welding machine;
  • electric drill;
  • set of wrenches;
  • steel or aluminum corner 30 x 30 mm;
  • paint brush;
  • acrylic paint;
  • tarpaulin or cellular polycarbonate;
  • flexible plastic.

Outboard Tiller Conversion

External revision of the tiller is carried out in the following sequence:

  • Drawing up drawings. It is necessary to accurately calculate all dimensions of the frame, provide options for its attachment to the frame and handles.
  • Marking, sawing out blanks for awning, casing, fenders and hood.
  • Welding the frame from the corner. Drilling mounting holes, cleaning metal from rust, oil and dirt. Painting of the manufactured structure.
  • Fitting the frame to the frame. Basting and making holes in it. Fastening the frame with bolts and nuts, checking the reliability of all connections.
  • Installation of plastic covers and awnings on frames.

There is an option for mounting the instrument panel on the handle. So the unit will look solid and representative. The operator additionally gets the opportunity to monitor the state of the power plant, know the speed of the machine and the distance traveled. When reworking the tiller from the outside, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that air freely penetrates to the motor, cooling it qualitatively.

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How to remake a tiller

Many owners want to improve the tiller to increase comfort during work. The most common modifications are adapters and trailers. This upgrade allows you to expand the functionality of the tiller, because the adapter allows you not only to transport various goods, but also to use the tiller as a vehicle..

Improving the tiller will allow you to create a whole mini-tractor. Adapters and trailers can have their own steering, which is much more convenient than using a tiller steering wheel. There are many step-by-step photo tutorials and videos showing how to create a trailer. One of the most important elements of such a device is the frame, which is made of a channel or pipes. Wheels can be taken from any car, ideally wheels from an ATV. Bridges can be taken from VAZ 21-09, they must be shortened. The steering column can be taken from the same vehicle. The driver’s seat will allow you to work with maximum comfort.

In addition, a mini-excavator can be made from a tiller, for the creation of which a hydraulic system is required. Such an excavator is very convenient for construction on a personal plot, because it is compact and can drive where heavy equipment cannot.

How to improve a tiller with your own hands: revision and modernization

Often, alteration of a tiller is carried out in cases where the operational characteristics of the unit, functionality and ease of operation cease to satisfy the owner of the equipment. In some cases, individual craftsmen carry out tuning of the tiller to realize their visual fantasies or to impress others. Today, almost every private house and summer cottage has a tiller or a motor-cultivator. However, the capabilities of this technique are limited. To expand the functionality of tillers, you can contact a specialized workshop, but the cost of such a conversion can be very high. There are several ways to do it yourself inexpensive and practical tiller upgrade.

Do-it-yourself Tiller Cascade modernization

Most of the upgrades of tillers are aimed at improving important characteristics, for example, performance, cross-country ability, expanding functionality. Upgrading the tiller Cascade will help improve certain characteristics or correct shortcomings.

Engine replacement may become necessary to improve performance. Lifan engines have proven themselves for their quality and long service life, and in addition, they are excellent for the Cascade tiller. It is important to take into account that if a motor is purchased from an imported manufacturer, the rotation of the shaft may differ (clockwise), while domestic tillers are adapted to engines in which the shaft rotates counterclockwise. The problem is easily solved – just move the tiller pulley to the other side.

Larger wheels can be fitted to improve flotation and stability. Pneumatic wheels show themselves well. Also, instead of wheels, you can install lugs, which are easy to purchase from the manufacturer or create with your own hands..

Do-it-yourself tiller Oka revision

Do-it-yourself tiller improvements can be almost any, it all depends on engineering skills and the availability of the necessary resources. tiller Oka can be upgraded in different ways: improve what is already there, or add various devices and devices.

The most common revision is engine replacement, as a factory-fitted engine may not suit the owner. When changing the engine, it is necessary to take into account the weight of the tiller itself, as well as the loads to which it will be subjected. Depending on the class of the tiller, an engine of appropriate power is selected – the heavier, the more powerful the motor.

You can modify the Oka tiller in the same ways that are used for other brands: creating trailers, various attachments, replacing wheels, improving driving performance, etc..

Alteration of the Ant Under the Engine From Tiller

Now tiller “Ant” and possibly a completely harsh proprietary unit of factory assembly. When using it, there is an option to do different agricultural work on a personal plot, avoiding long and exhausting manual work. Along with this, its weight is at least 100 kg, which makes it possible to transport the device in the trunk of a car. Its dimensions are rather small, it does not ask for any special storage criteria, it simply fits both in the utility room and in a residential apartment in a city high-rise building. But since the cost for this address starts from 25 thousand rubles, it makes obvious sense to make such a tiller in artisanal conditions from an old scooter. Especially popular are home-made tillers with an engine and a gearbox from the “Ant” scooter, which in their features are close to similar parts of a factory-assembled tiller..

It is made by the Russian industry at agricultural engineering enterprises. It is an internal combustion engine on a two-wheeled platform, capable of both turning the wheels of the undercarriage and driving the cutters for tillage. “Ant” is able to handle hard and virgin soil. In addition to cutters, it is possible to install a plow or a hiller at this address. The engine is a four-stroke gasoline engine with a capacity of 7 horsepower. This allows you to plow the soil to a depth of 30 cm.The fuel tank holds up to 3.6 liters of gasoline, the crankcase volume is 0.6 liters.

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The box is a belt drive and a chain reducer with a metal pulley. Of course, switch speeds when moving forward, reverse movement foresees only one speed. The engine has a manual start system. the tiller can provide the width of the plowed strip up to 80 cm. You can adjust the control column both vertically and horizontally. For this reason, the device comes out quite massive and comfortable in the process of use. The only drawback is the comparatively higher price, which forces most of the owners of summer cottages and land plots to prefer making its analogue on their own. A home-made tiller will cost less with good returns, and the consumer properties of the mechanism will be practically no different from its factory-assembled counterpart..

Gearbox ant under the engine from tiller

In order to assemble a tiller from a scooter, it is necessary to disassemble the vehicle itself into its component parts. First, the engine will come in handy, which must be sorted out and put in order in advance. Then a support frame is welded from an iron sheet with a width of about 4 mm and steel water pipes with a diameter of 40 mm, on which the engine is aggressively attached to 3 supports. After that, a carburetor, magneto, air filter and muffler are installed on the frame. So that the engine does not overheat, a cover can be mounted above it, capable of ensuring its forced cooling.

For the tiller from “Ant” the wheels from the scooter will come in handy. They are wide enough to provide good traction. The chain drive is done by means of a drive that connects the engine with shafts with flanges, which there is an option to remove from an old combine. By selecting gears, you can ensure a good shaft speed, alas, the lower crankcase on the frame must be calculated carefully so that the frame reaches the ground. The control is done using an iron telescopic pipe, which there is an option to take from a broken vacuum cleaner, which will allow you to adjust the height. The box predicts three positions, but only the 1st gear will be working. Manual choke control.

A homemade tiller serves as the basis for various more complex units that are used not only for cultivating the land. On the basis of homemade products from the “Ant” scooter, you can make a mini tractor, a snow blower, a towing vehicle or other mechanized device. Particularly popular is the manufacture of a tractor from “Ant”. For this purpose, an iron bar from a channel or beam is attached to the tiller frame under the engine. Then a sprung two-wheeled cart with a seat at the top is made. There is an option to remove the springs from the removal of all additional parts of the same scooter.

alteration of the ant engine in the manual transmission

Under the cart with the seat, the same rod is welded to the frame, which is connected to the tiller rod by an expensive coupling with bolted connections. This allows such a tractor from “Ant” to tow quite severe loads. The iron bar will allow you to distribute the force over the entire tractor frame. There is a full opportunity for the production of a trailer for a tiller from “Ant”. On a frame made of a metal beam, 4 wheels are mounted on springs, and a rectangular platform made of boards, in other words, sheet metal, with folding sides, is mounted on top. On the front side, instead of the tailgate, of course, install a seat for the driver.

There are enough different homemade products from “Ant”. It depends first on technical literacy and ability to work with metal and machinery. Apart from the old scooter, of course, a variety of parts and mechanisms, otherwise inevitably sent to scrap metal, will be used.

Such home-made devices are able to constructively facilitate a person’s work on a personal backyard in another summer cottage..

Their main advantage, in addition to their rather low cost, will be that they are, of course, very adaptable to the specific needs of the owner..