How to glue a decorative gypsum stone How to glue a decorative gypsum stone Decorative gypsum stone is a modern finishing material, a kind of wall tiles. Manufacturers offer a wide selection of textures and shades
What kind of glue is used when working with decorative stone?
Depending on the material of the surface to be finished, you can use different types of glue:
- Putty, tile or cement-sand mixtures for brick, concrete, plastered walls;
- PVA, acrylic, Bustilat. For installation on drywall under filler;
- Liquid nails, thickened paint, sealants and mastics for fastening to metal, plastic and similar partitions and architectural elements.
Advantages and disadvantages of decorative stone
Despite its low cost, gypsum stone differs little in strength from other types of wall coverings and has the following advantages:
- Simple installation;
- The ability to absorb and release moisture, while maintaining an optimal indoor climate;
- Absence of volatile and harmful substances in the composition;
- Color fastness and long service life.
During operation, gypsum materials can be damaged by strong mechanical impact (impact with a hard object). The advantages of using tiles include the ease of repairing the coating: it is enough to remove the damaged element and glue a whole one in its place.
It is necessary to glue the artificial stone on the wall in compliance with the requirements for the installation of coatings of this type. There should be no voids or irregularities under the tiles, since a thin layer of gypsum above them will be especially vulnerable to impacts. The gluing technology is simple and does not require special skills and abilities.
How to make decorative plaster brick in siding
An easy way to get quality castings without the hassle of making a mold. The basement siding panel is used as a matrix for the tiles; the pattern can be selected at your discretion. The tiles are easily detached from the vinyl, the elements are thin and very high quality.
Wall decoration will cost several times less than with purchased tiles.
For the manufacture of stone, large working areas are not required. Enough two square meters.
We will provide a workplace with a table in advance. Shelves with shelves should be at hand, where all the necessary items and inventory will be placed.
Plaster facing stone and its properties
Facing stone from gypsum in antiquity Even in ancient times, craftsmen from India, China, Egypt used gypsum for external and internal decoration. Plaster was used to cover walls, floors and ceilings in various rooms.
This widespread use is explained by its uniqueness: the mineral stone had the ability to regulate the microclimate of the premises due to good air permeability.
How is the installation of decorative gypsum stone
Laying decorative gypsum stone During the fixing of such gypsum tiles to the base (for example, a wall), the contact surfaces are primed.
After that, glue the gypsum stone. Mastic, assembly, water-acrylic glue, a mixture of gypsum and PVA, sealant, cement-glue mortar are suitable as glue.
In one of the articles, the process of how the walls are decorated with decorative stone, which, in fact, can be found, have already been considered.
In fact, it is not difficult to make a decorative stone from plaster. Of course, the first pancake is not ruled out, but nevertheless, the result is worth it.
A rich imagination and a flight of imagination will help you find original colors and textures (you can even make artificial marble from plaster). Thanks to this decoration, your house will be filled with a peculiar color, and the elements decorated with its help will add extraordinary comfort and beauty to the interior.
Stone Cutting Tools
According to the degree of hardness, decorative stones can be divided into two groups: harder porcelain stoneware and cement-based stone, and less hard acrylic and gypsum stones. To cut them in the conditions of finishing work at a construction site, two types of tools are used.
A decorative stone of high hardness is cut with a rapidly rotating disc mounted on an angle grinder, colloquially referred to as an angle grinder. There are two types of discs: abrasive, reinforced inside with a fine mesh mesh and metal with a diamond coating. Diamond discs are significantly superior in resistance to abrasive discs. Allows you to work faster and do not change the disk longer. They cost significantly more.
Plaster and acrylic imitation of decorative stones is noticeably softer. Therefore, they can be cut with a fine-toothed saw. The saw blade can be installed in a hacksaw for metal. productive tool electric jigsaw. The file in it must also have a fine tooth, which ensures the removal of a thin layer of material in one pass. The small thickness of the removed layer reduces the load on the cutting tool, increases the cleanliness of the cut and makes the work more productive.
You can also cut these stones with an angle grinder, but the gypsum is very dusty. In addition, since gypsum stone is fragile, it can be broken, like glass, by first holding a deep risk in the right place. Homemade cutters with a sharp hook-shaped end are used as a tool in this case. Question How to cut? Allows multiple answers. The answer to it is given by the finisher at a specific workplace, based on the prevailing conditions and personal experience.
How and how to properly cut decorative stone
Decorative stone is understood as materials of artificial origin, repeating the appearance and, in part, the properties of natural stones: granite, marble, tuff, sandstone, etc. Modern development of technologies allows not only to imitate any natural finishing material, but also to ensure its good workability
It is important for a finisher on an object to know how to cut a decorative stone, how to drill it, how to assemble a solid object from separate parts. Solving these problems requires familiarity with the properties of such materials.
- Physical properties of decorative stone
- Stone Cutting Tools
- Technology and instructions for cutting stone
- Helpful advice from professionals
Technology and instructions for cutting stone
Since decorative stone can be cut with two types of tools, each of them will have its own technology. At the same time, the beginning and the end of the processes are the same, so let’s combine them into one instruction:
- Before starting work on cutting a stone, you should make sure that the safety requirements are met.
- Carefully mark the cutting line.
- Clamp the workpiece securely. Make sure that the cut off part of the stone, separated from the main massif, will not pose a threat to the worker and others.
- Cut the workpiece according to the markings.
- If you have to cut a closed contour with a jigsaw, for example, an opening for a sink in a kitchen countertop, you should first drill a hole inside the contour with a diameter larger than the width of the file.
- Unfasten the workpiece.
- After finishing work, clean the workplace.