Varieties of finishing material
The first variety that I would like to consider is the tiled option. The name of the species is associated with their shape. This is the shape of the tile. But such tiles are made in different sizes (with side lengths from 30 to 98 cm). The advantage of this option is the ability to create an unusual, original and spectacular appearance. Showed creativity, you can combine different shades or create a special effect by combining textures. All this will only decorate the shower. Tiled MDF panels are also easy to install: glue is used to attach them to the walls.
The next view is represented by slatted MDF panels. As the name implies, the finishing material consists of slats, which can have different lengths (up to 3.8 m), width (no more than 28 cm) and thickness (from 8 to 14 mm). Thanks to such a variety, any wishes and needs can be satisfied, even with small financial resources.
And you can fix them using brackets or screws. The most popular panels are in the form of slats when it is required to sheathe small rooms.
There is a variety represented by sheet panels. They are made in the form of rather large elements (1.25 2.5 m). This variety is usually used in order to create an interesting interior in a room with a large area. They are distinguished by their ease and speed of installation. It is enough to fix it with glue. Moldings can be used to hide the joints. The structure of the sheet panels can also be different, due to which it can easily fit into the interior of any style. But it should be said that, in general, such a finishing material. An excellent option for finishing the front surface.
There is also such a variety as laminated panels. Here the second types of them are distinguished by the composition of their surface: a special PVC film is applied to it. The design is also really good: this finishing material can mimic the look of wood, stone or even metal. In addition, in addition to aesthetic characteristics, it has the ability to repel dust and moisture.
You can select a material with a surface sheathed with veneer and having the ability to acquire shades of trees. This type is called veneered panels.
Due to the special effective coloring agent the surfaces are provided with additional protection.
Choosing one or another waterproof finishing material, you must also remember to purchase the necessary components for it. Moldings. They are used for finishing and decorating corners and joints. Moldings are of various types: ceiling, end, starting, connecting and others. The choice of this or that variety is determined by the layout of the room and the chosen method of decoration.
Pros and cons
The main disadvantage of high quality materials for finishing shower cabins is their high cost. But, as mentioned earlier, a way out was found during the creation of MDF panels. Panels are really effective for bathrooms: they are affordable, strong, durable, practical, comfortable and easy to install.
The material is primarily processed in a special way to the formation of small chips. Then it takes the desired shape by dry pressing under the influence of high temperature and pressure.
It should be noted that the domestic market is characterized by a stable demand for MDF panels.
They have a number of significant advantages:
- Ease and simplicity of installation, which can be done with your own hands (no need to remove old coatings and leveling, installation can be done using improvised tools without the use of professional equipment, during operation there is practically no dirt, dust, waste)
- Versatility (suitable for finishing not only walls, but also the ceiling)
- Durability (with proper use, MDF trim will last more than 10 years);
- Resistant to moisture;
- Antiseptic properties (the panels are treated with substances that protect against mold and mildew)
- Easy maintenance (you can clean surface dirt with a damp sponge)
- Affordable price;
- Ease of cutting;
- Various options for surface attachment are possible;
- They are excellent heat insulators;
- The raw materials from which the panels are made are environmentally friendly;
- Are represented by a fairly wide range.
In addition to all of the above, the considered finishing material can be combined with any other finishing materials. For example, many people combine MDF panels with stone or tiles. This is one of the most attractive in appearance options. It is also possible to combine different finishes.
The resistance of MDF panels to high humidity makes it possible to use them also in bathrooms with a large area.
Despite the large number of positive aspects, negative aspects are also characteristic of MDF panels. However, you should not be afraid of this: this applies to all other finishing materials, just each of them has its own disadvantages. A correct approach to the installation and operation of such panels will help to avoid negative manifestations.
The disadvantages of MDF panels are usually:
- Low impact resistance;
- The surface is easy to cause damage, such as scratches;
- Insecurity in terms of fire safety.
So, MDF panels have high performance, despite the presence of certain disadvantages. But you need to keep them serious, because if they are not approached correctly, they can really cause some problems. At the same time, exaggeration of the shortcomings is useless. The correct approach will ensure getting rid of them, moreover, they may not appear at all.
In general, all indicators of the material do not require SEPARATE recommendations.
Moisture resistant MDF panels: advantages and disadvantages
When using the shower room, it becomes clear that it is a rather complex room. This may also be closely related to the fact that the humidity in the shower is always increased, besides, there is a large level of condensation and a large amplitude of temperature fluctuations.
Considering all the above, we can conclude that it is necessary to choose finishing materials with improved characteristics. Also, the product in question should not only withstand the effects of negative factors, but also be easy to install.
You can stop your choice on ceramic tiles, since it meets all the above characteristics. But she also has one significant disadvantage. The price is too high. But thanks to modern technologies, there is another option on the market, which also meets all the requirements, but at the same time it is also distinguished by an affordable price. This material. Moisture resistant MDF panels.
They are classified as materials of the new generation, so they can be a worthy alternative to tiles. They have both advantages and, of course, disadvantages.
Thanks to this, it will be possible to draw the right conclusions, ensuring that you save money, nerves and time.
Installation of MDF panels is quite simple: you need special skills or abilities, everything is easy to do yourself. However, there are several nuances that need to be considered when attaching panels to walls. So, the installation of some varieties is carried out on the crate, making the entire installation process much easier. In addition, the surface of the walls must be flat: in this case, it will be possible to fix the panel without spending a lot of time on leveling it. But the presence of flaws will make it necessary to correct them, which will require a primer or plaster. Plasterboard blocks can also be used for alignment, from which a neat partition can be made. As soon as all the preparatory work is completed, the area of the room is measured.
After that, you can fix the MDF panels. To do this, use glue, screws, nails, specialized staples, clips, and more. In this case, each panel is fixed, starting from its corners. Thanks to this approach, they can be easily removed if desired. As for the crate, as mentioned earlier, it can be wooden or metal. It is worth choosing this or that material, based on the characteristics of the selected variety.
It should be borne in mind that a horizontal arrangement will create a visual effect of expanding the area, and a vertical one will make the ceiling higher.
Also, during installation, it is recommended to use insulation as a filler of free space: it additionally insulates the room and additionally protects the surface from negative influences.
In addition, if crate is used during the installation of MDF panels, it will be possible to connect additional communications, install built-in lamps.
So, I would like to say that MDF wall panels have both pros and cons. However, the ease of installation allows us to conclude in favor of their positive aspects.
For more information on the installation of MDF panels, see the following.
Construction foam to glue MDF
In general, the main purpose of this glue is to seal, however, it is often used for mounting panels. To date, all manufacturers produce the Presented glue with two compositions: one type is suitable for all construction work, and the other is only for internal.
Decorative plaster is used for interior decoration. Here are various types of decorative plaster for interior decoration.
Today on the market you can find a wide variety of quality building materials. By clicking on the link, get acquainted with the technical characteristics of the Ceresit primer at 17.
Actually, both can be suitable for gluing panels to the wall. After the glue is completely dry, it becomes quite flexible and soft in structure, thereby eliminating the risk of deformation and damage on the surface.
In particular, this factor affects wood and tile products, since the properties of such materials change, depending on temperature and weather conditions.
Special series containing liquid nails
Experts have developed a special series of glue that is ideal for construction work and MDF sticker even on a concrete wall. The glue can be used Not only by professionals in their field, but also by amateurs. In addition, experts have invented an addition to the glue: a construction gun, which is very convenient to use and greatly simplifies the work with glue.
The composition includes the following substances: Installation, “Liquid nails”, Macroflex and others.
The presented components are characterized by super strong hold and durability. It is recommended for novice builders to use glue from the Liquid Nails series in their work. They are great for mounting your panels.
It is very easy to use glue and does not require special skills, the glue is very economically consumed in the work, due to which it can be applied in thin layers and eliminate any defects.
How to attach to a concrete wall
Such an adhesive for a concrete wall must have certain properties:
- Specialization. You should see “universal” or “designed to work with wood-based panels”;
- Ensure high-quality attachment to mineral (brick, plaster) or organic (chipboard, smallpox) material;
- Also, the glue should quickly show its properties, quickly act on the finishing surface;
- Be resistant to moisture, chemicals (salt, acid, alkali), different temperatures.
But it is worth considering that this glue is not suitable for wood. It is not recommended to use glue for wooden MDF.
How to stick on the wall
- Prepare the finishing plane. At this stage, we align, remove the old wallpaper, apply a primer to the wall;
- Marking the panels with a tape measure, cutting to the desired size;
- Apply glue to the surface;
- Press down on the MDF, trying NOT to damage the outer layer;
- We trim the joints if necessary;
- We fill the seams with an airtight substance so that moisture does not get in, and the panels do not deform;
- Now we wait until everything is completely dry. It takes about a day.
Two popular methods are practically used:
- Fixing panels to the frame;
When choosing any of THESE methods, you need to Pay attention to the following aspects:
- If using lathing, are there any difference comments, curved walls or not. The direction of the finishing surface determines the frame;
- For rooms with high humidity, it is worth choosing a galvanized frame, which, in addition, does not corrode;
- It is worth fixing the panels with glue in small rooms, because it is important to save as much free space as possible.
Advantages and disadvantages
- The material must be available on the market;
- Low cost: five to twelve dollars per square meter of quality material.
The product is used not only for correcting the surface of the wall, but also for decoration. Frame facades, as well as 3D panels, are made of this material.
The products look pretty attractive. As a rule, the panels imitate a wooden surface. These materials are also used as heat and sound insulation layers, especially if the surface has an air layer.
Disadvantages of mdf panels:
- The material is NOT durable. This is especially true for slabs that have a small thickness;
- A small variety of textures and colors of panels;
- The presence of a frame and panels helps to reduce free space in the room;
- MDF consists of wood to a certain percentage, therefore it is NOT fire-resistant;
- Also, the material is NOT waterproof and should not be used in the bathroom or kitchen. Here in the bathroom furniture. The structure of mdf is damaged even under the influence of condensation, if the panels are installed as insulation.
If you are constructing walls from mdf panels with your own hands, think about their insulation, in which the voids are filled with foam, construction foam or silicone.
The second considered insulation can be applied unevenly, and this will entail the presence of protrusions, which are easily removed with a special construction knife.
It is a humid environment that is most optimal for the development of various pests. Here in the bathroom furniture. In addition to an additional insulation layer, foam, foam or silicone will additionally protect the room from the formation of possible condensation, which most often appears in cavities.
MDF, what is this material? Do not forget that mdf is a panel of sawdust, therefore it is recommended to follow them, along with a real tree.
Simply mdf on the frame Acts as a heat shield, which can reflect the elements. If a layer of foamed plastics material is added to the MDF, together they create double protection.
In this case, the reflection coefficient of the material exceeds 0.7 units of heat. Having carried out insignificant corresponding calculations, it can be understood that NOT more than a few units of heat will get into the room. How will the indicators of their outflow from the surface change in the winter months??
At high tariffs, this fact will significantly affect the savings in the budget.
Lathing with wooden bars
If you are interested in the visual issue of the described, find on the Internet “Decorating the walls with mdf panels with your own hands.” The lattice structure made of wood is always installed, starting with vertical posts, which are placed in all corners in pairs.
Visually, it should look in such a way that as a result a right angle is formed, which is visually visible from the edge of the window opening, door and base to the top cover. A stand is applied to the surface, the boundaries of which are drawn along the surface.
Then a fastening hole is drilled through the material with a pitch of 70 cm, elements for fasteners are driven into it. Their border is marked on the rack, then a hole is drilled in two-thirds of the diameter of the Fastener.
professional repairers can drill holes in advance and mark them on the surface directly through them. Then the horizontal wood beams are installed using the same step.
When finishing the ceiling, MDF panels should be located along the vertical or sloped structure and across the beams. Here is mdf for the ceiling.
If the surface on which the MDF will be installed on the walls was once covered with mold or fungus, there is a damp smell in the room, while wet traces are noticeable, if the lime mortar is covered with bumps and deformed, while its layer is more than 1.2 cm, it necessarily cleared.
Such simple manipulations will not only ensure the durability of the future structure, but also significantly reduce the cost of fasteners. It will also allow you to determine if there are hidden flaws on the surface. Naturally, decorative elements that separate the floor from the wall must also be dismantled.
Do-it-yourself MDF wall cladding is carried out by two technologies:
- Using a lattice structure made of wooden bars;
- Using a base of professional profiles made of galvanized material.
It will not be difficult to design a crate made of wood. To do this, you need to use a small amount of metal fasteners.
Do not forget that it is recommended to pre-treat the crate made of natural wood with a professional agent against fungi, an antiseptic, which will also eliminate possible rotting and staining.
If you live in a house made of bricks, or if your room has an increased percentage of humidity, it will not be worth installing a crate made of natural wood.
Moisture and fungal spores will certainly penetrate through the brick voids, in addition, the space between the cladding and the wall is considered the optimal environment for the reproduction and life of microorganisms.
In rooms with high humidity, such as a bathroom, a kitchen, it is recommended to use laminated panels, install furniture made of moisture-resistant MDF.
The company produces fasteners (“ears”) and connectors for the sd profile, which are rational to use for large volumes of work, the term of their installation is strictly limited.
If the MDF cladding for the walls is carried out by a master with his own hands, the work that can be found in the vastness of the worldwide network, it will not be advisable to specifically acquire them.
For more details on wall decoration with MDF panels, see:
Lathing made of metal elements
This type of lattice structure is carried out in a similar way: beams at corners and openings, then crossbars. Lattice step. Used similar to wood. Beams should be constructed from a yud profile, in which sd profiles are mounted and installed in places.
Details must be fixed to each other. For this, small screws are used.
The curly pointed rod is mounted to the wall of the SD. It is irrational to use a plug-in spike for this purpose: you either will NOT finish the element you need, or you deform the profile. The elements of the SD profile must be fixed in advance with each other in the selected length.
Work on the lathing with metal elements should be carried out with the smallest size and functional features of the angle grinder.
You can also purchase a hand-held circular saw. With an electric jigsaw, even if it is equipped with a metal saw, the installation will be significantly delayed and you will get a lot of defective panels.
If you are interested in: “How to sheathe the walls with MDF panels with your own hands?”, First, take care of the structure in question. Wood variation is attached to supporting structures with curly nails or professional dowels.
The latter are similar to self-tapping screws, only with a smooth and asymmetrical thread profile. It is driven into a special plastic hole with an ordinary hammer. On the head of the dowel there is a recess for the tool for screwing in and out of screws. The metal crate is mounted exclusively with curly nails.
To attach it, use special fasteners with a diameter of 0.4-0.6 cm. The stronger the base, the lower the indicator will be. You purchase each curly nail or dowel at the same time as the plastic fastener.
For example, if the plaster layer is 1.2 cm and the lattice structure is constructed with slats or a profile 4 cm thick, and the panel thickness is 1.6 cm, then the length of the metal product will be equal to the sum of all the characteristics described:.
That is, when purchasing, pay attention to parts with a length of 7-8 cm. The distance from the surface to the bottom should be identical with the length of the socket. An error of 1.2-2 cm is allowed.When buying a longer drill, it must be equipped with a restrictor tube.
It is not recommended to make a hole too deep: the thickness of the load-bearing walls between rooms can be insignificant, even less than 20 cm.
In addition to the classic home tools, which almost everyone has in stock, you should buy plumb lines (you can make them yourself without any problems using nuts, fishing line or thread).
It is desirable that it be metal, with legs of different thickness. A square can be used to cut material for slopes without any problems, a more massive leg is used as a stop. A special screwdriver does NOT hurt either, but you shouldn’t buy it on purpose.
It stands out for its compact size and ease of use. In terms of its size and shape, the saw is similar to a men’s haircut machine. Besides, such a device. Universal.
But, the saws differ as the material is processed, so evaluate which one will be cheaper for you to purchase.
Tools that can be used to saw panels
As already mentioned, MDF panels. It is an excellent facing material. Most often they are used to decorate an office, loggia, hallway, corridor. Of them, you can mount Not only walls, but also the ceiling.
They go well with wooden or plastic clapboard, tiles. Experts do NOT advise using such boards in damp rooms, as the moisture will swell the wood. A variety of equipment is used to cut MDF boards.
Many recommend dusting the plates with a jigsaw. This tool is suitable when cutting will be carried out indoors. Then it will be possible to connect a vacuum cleaner to it. The result is a straight cut. In which case, you can trim it with sandpaper or zero.
The main thing before sawing the slab Tents are neat markings. To do this, use a corner, ruler, tape measure, laser level or an ordinary level (photo 2).
You can also cut MDF with a hacksaw for metal. Such a tool cuts carefully and accurately, but very slowly. Therefore, it is recommended to use a hacksaw when you need to adjust something. The angle grinder will cut the slab much faster.
The cut is accurate, only during operation the tool generates a lot of dust. It is best to work an angle grinder on the street, or when a major overhaul is being carried out in the house (photo 3).
What makes MDF panels dusty?
MDF is a chipboard. Such a plate is environmentally friendly, because there are no phenol and paraffin compounds in it. The panel contains wood dust, which was obtained from sawdust. They are pre-crushed, then dried and sent to the oven for heat treatment. When heated, sawdust releases lignin.
It is he who glues the powdery mass. Next, the mixture is sent for pressure testing. When the product cools down, it is processed again and cut into certain pieces. Next, they are pasted over with melamine film, which imitates the wood pattern.
The resulting panels have good thermal conductivity. Their only drawback. The melamine film is easily damaged. It often has scratches and stains. But it can be easily fixed with paint. This material is easy to work with. Note that the panels differ in size and design, although they are made using the same technology.
So, on sale you can find veneered panels in which the top layer. This is a natural wood veneer. Such a product looks natural and expensive. Laminated panels are in demand. They are often used for wall cladding. There are also panels painted with paint (photo 1).
Installation of plates
At first glance, the installation of MDF boards seems to be very difficult. But the structure is just as easy to assemble as a regular children’s puzzle. The connection of the panels is the same as in PVC: by means of spikes and grooves. One side of the panel will be pointed and the other will be forked. Therefore, insert sharp panels into the groove, you will receive a prefabricated structure.
If the panel will be attached to the wall, then it is imperative to equip the crate. MDF does not like moisture. The air gap will provide air circulation. over, the crate is best done from wooden planks. Fix the panels on them with glue or mechanical fasteners (photo 4).
As already noted, the panels can be glued. This is the most common and simplest option. Used “liquid nails”, which must be applied in a thick layer from the wrong side to the MDF board.
This method is suitable for flat surfaces. over, the consumption of glue is very high. You can also use staples as fasteners. Also an easy-to-use option. A construction stapler is used in this case (photo 5).
Sooner or later, any home craftsman is faced with the need to cut chipboard. It can be making furniture with your own hands or wall cladding with MDF or chipboard panels. As you know, chipboard is easy to get dusty, so make the spray even and without chips. This is not an easy task.