It is possible to make a high-quality and even cut without chips and cracks only with the help of special devices, each of which has its own advantages.
How to properly form an acute angle?
The next step after the process of cutting the tiles to a degree of a certain angle is its worthy use, as well as the organization of a right angle. To do this, the following points must be observed:
- using a special building level, it is necessary to evenly glue the first part of the tile. Its trimmed edge should slightly protrude beyond the base of the right angle;
- the second tile should be glued opposite in the same way, the fixing period of the glue allows you to move and adjust the touching tiles in order to achieve a tight contact.
Before you start facing the corner, you should check the vertical consistency of the wall. Even with the lowest elevation differences, the angle at the top may not converge and turn out to be even. It will be impossible to disguise or patch up this flaw in the future.
The scope of use of a sawn-off tile at an angle of forty-five degrees has certain limitations. As a result of the cut clay on the back side, the narrowed edges of the tile become thin and brittle, so they can easily break off.
It is not recommended to form right angles from cut tiles in places where there is heavy traffic.
What is it for?
Basically, the corner edge of the tile is washed down at 45 degrees in the following cases:
- to match the inner and outer corners of a rectangular tile when they are joined during laying;
- to form a beautiful beveled edge;
- with a diagonal tile layout.
Trimming the edge of tile products at a special angular slope makes it possible to forget about the use of overhead corners forever.
Manual tile cutter
The manual tile cutter is popular not only among professional tilers, but also among hobbyists. Many models of such tile cutters are equipped with a special rotary base and a built-in ruler, which allow you to make a high-quality cut of tiles at 45 degrees. After inserting the tile into the tile cutter at a certain degree, it is necessary to align the mark on the tile and on the construction tool. Having lowered the handle down, you need to move it in a direction away from you with slow movements at the same speed and even pressing.
When grouting tiles, it must be remembered that only clay can be cut, not reaching the glaze 0.5-1 mm. In this case, the corner of the tile will be beautiful and smooth, without damage or chipping.
Modern capabilities and the skill of specialists allow you to cut tiles at 45 degrees not only from the edge, but also in the middle of the product. To do this, the tiles must be measured and cut in accordance with the required size, and then cut at 45 degrees. To get a high-quality result, you should seal the cut edge with sandpaper.
The main advantage of this tile cutter is a clear and high-quality cut on the tile, which is carried out in two directions: an ordinary straight cut and a special cut at an angle of 45 degrees. Thanks to the turning of the cut-off wheel at a certain angle to the cut-off part of the tile, it is easy to make a cut, starting from 0 to 45 degrees. The electric machine can have a water supply function, due to which less dust is emitted, or it can have a conventional design. However, both versions of the devices provide the same quality of work and guarantee a large volume of tiles was washed down in a short time.
How to make a simple Jig to cut 45 degree tile edges. Резка плитки под 45
When cutting tiles with concave shapes, the electric tile cutter does not repeat the concave deflection of the product. Therefore, you can only cut off the back side so as not to touch the enamel on the front side. This is especially true for porcelain stoneware.
- special masking tape;
- simple pencil;
- small ruler;
- tile cutter;
- variable speed angle grinder.
On the part of the tile where the cut will take place, you need to stick masking tape. Make the necessary markings with a pencil and a ruler. Then place the tile on a certain area of the device at a 45 degree angle. On the principle of a circular saw, tiles are cut with a diamond band. In some models, water is supplied during the cut, which protects the tiles from melting and washes away dust.
In case of damage to the glaze of the outer part of the tile, the saw cut will turn out to be ugly with the presence of cracks and chipped edges, which, when laid to each other, will have a sloppy appearance. Therefore, when working with an electric tile cutter, you need to carefully remove only the clay layer.
Professional Secrets of Experienced Tilers:
- using a tile cutter, it is necessary to achieve an even cut;
- then form the required angle on the back of the product;
- glaze, which was touched in the working process, is rubbed with sandpaper.
How to cut a tile at 45 degrees?
The presence of corners or bulges on the wall, different ways of laying tiles, as well as non-standard room dimensions play a huge role in the cladding workflow, causing additional difficulties. Therefore, you often have to deal with the need to grind tiles.
Outside straight corners, which are filed at 45 degrees, form a neat right angle with a smooth transition, so there is no need to resort to the use of overhead aluminum or plastic corners. However, in order for the cuts to be accurate and in line with other parts of the tile, special tools must be used.
Electric tile cutter
Electric tile cutter, or as it is also called by tilers. wet cutter. It has a water-cooled disk, and the same water extinguishes all possible dust. The tile cutter cuts along one clear, fixed path and minimizes human error such as hand shake, etc.
The tile cutter has two working positions. a straight cut and a cut at an angle of 45 ° (in fact, you can set any angle from 0 to 45 °, but this most often does not make sense).
Trimming (burr) under 45 degrees of mosaic
How to file (cut, trim) a mosaic at 45 degrees using an angle grinder?
You can find out about all the options for the mosaic at 45 degrees in this article.
How to veneer and form a right angle?
First you need to glue the first tile and set it in level. The trimmed edge will “fly out” beyond the plane of the wall.
Then immediately you need to glue the second (reciprocal) tile on the other side of the corner. As long as the glue is fresh and amenable to correction, you need to form a beautiful right angle.
And so gradually we move up, row by row.
Before tiling the corner, make sure that your walls are vertical.
Because if the walls are at least a little overwhelmed outward, then without steps the corner will no longer converge. And this is not very beautiful, believe me! And you will not cover it with anything or make up.
How and how to cut tiles at 45 degrees. Tile burr
In order to beautifully revet any right outer corner with ceramic tiles (porcelain stoneware, mosaic), the end of the tile is cut at an angle of 45 ° and a neat right angle is formed from two tiles.
A plastic corner is not fashionable for a long time, not interesting and not beautiful.
All the more it will not be beautiful if you just attach one tile to the end of the other. But this is also very common.
How to properly trim tiles at 45 degrees?
In order for the corner of two tiles to look beautiful, when trimming the tile, you need to slightly go to the glaze (0.5-1mm). That is, only clay is cut. If you walk over the glaze (the face of the tile), then it will be “torn” and chipped. It will immediately catch your eye, it is not beautiful.
We faced such a problem about trimming corrugated tiles. But more on that later.
Epic 45 degree tile cut. Perfect outer corners.
Surely many of you have seen such “art”, but more often than not everyone thinks that it should be so. And the tile-maker with twenty years of experience assures that it cannot be otherwise.
Even if there is a need to cut the corner of the tile not from the “factory” edge and you have to cut the glaze, there is still a way to do it beautifully.
First, to do this, you must first cut the tiles exactly (to the desired size), and then, again, before reaching the glaze, cut it at 45 °. This cut will be much cleaner and more beautiful.
You can also process the edge of the glaze with fine sandpaper, this will make it even smoother.
Secondly, you can still cut off the corner from the beautiful edge (factory end), and sand the trimmed opposite edge with sandpaper and hide it in the other direction. It will be less conspicuous.
So, for example, we once did when facing a toilet installation. Because the beautiful corner is more important than the bottom seam. over, it turned out to be very neat too, and if you do not know that it is cropped, you will never pay attention to it.
The easiest way is an angle grinder
It is more difficult to achieve a high-quality result with an angle grinder, but, in principle, it is also possible. This is the easiest way to sharpen a 45-degree tile angle with your own hands at home.
The process of grinding and grinding porcelain stoneware in the video below.
First of all, you must have a good diamond disc for tiles.
Place the tile on the edge (perpendicular to the one that is being trimmed) and grind the back of it (clay) at an angle of 45 degrees.
If it turns out a little uneven, then large rough irregularities can be passed again with a disc, and in order to get a cleaner and smoother edge, you can use this (pictured below) grinding attachment with sandpaper or diamond “turtles”.
Velcro emery discs, worn out. removed and attached a new one. The base itself with Velcro is screwed onto the thread of an angle grinder. Diamond tips have a much longer resource, but they also cost many times more. If you are constantly laying tiles, then it makes sense to take diamond turtles. If you are doing the first and last repairs in your life, then it is quite possible to do with emery wheels.
When working with such a thing, you need an angle grinder with adjustable revolutions (revolutions to a minimum!), Otherwise the edge of the tile will melt and burn, and not be sanded.
How to trim (sharpen) tiles at an angle of 45 degrees?
Everyone calls this action differently: washed down, sharpening, trimming, gouging, the Kremlin corner. the meaning is the same.
For high-quality trimming of the end of the tile at 45 degrees, you will need an electric tile cutter (tile cutting machine) or, in extreme cases, an angle grinder (angle grinder) with a disc on the tile.
Cutting tiles at a corner, at 45 degrees.
Decorating a tiled corner without using a plastic corner has been gaining popularity lately. There are several probable reasons for this phenomenon: Because it is new, and is still rare. “Like not everyone else” is often the main argument. The absence of unnecessary elements in the design has always been and will be the best solution. This is the law of harmony. There is no need to match the color of the corner to match the color of the tile.
Sawing tiles at 45 degrees at a corner.
How and what to make washed down at 45 degrees at the end of the tile?
The most optimal option is to get a cut on a tile using a cutting machine, where it is possible to turn the cutting wheel at an angle to the tile being cut. The machine can be with or without water supply to the cutting zone. This does not affect the quality of the cut. A wet cut provides a more comfortable working environment. less dust. In any case, the bevel quality is acceptable and you can quickly cut a large volume of tiles.
Washed down the tiles at 45 degrees on the machine.
The only difficulty arises when cutting concave tiles. This is not a marriage. the tile has this shape. The machine cannot repeat the deflection when filing:
Therefore, the cut-off part should not reach the front edge of the tile. where the enamel begins. Chips appear. Especially on porcelain stoneware. It is better to finish this area by hand. This can be done with a grinding wheel on the impeller. It’s faster and easier. But not always better. The grinding wheel can choose stronger or weaker in certain places.
A smoother plane is obtained by hand, from longitudinal movements along the tile with a bar covered with sandpaper. Longitudinal movements comb off the protrusions, making a bevel in one plane. Another trick. The bevel on the tiles must be done at a sharper angle (less than 45 degrees). Visually, nothing changes, and the convenience of facing is significant. This method is not suitable for ceramic skirting boards, where the joining of the ends of two tiles is visible from above.
Docking ceramic skirting boards at 45 degrees.
It is better to make a cut on the painted end of the tile (many tiles have one end out of 4, half or completely covered with enamel). In this case, you can not bring the bevel at 45 degrees to the very edge, but leave a strip of one millimeter at the end. The edge of the tile on the corner is chip-free and less vulnerable to impacts. This is especially important for dark colored tiles with a dark grout. When sharpening their end, light stripes appear and it will not work to hide them with grout. This often arises from that. that the tile has a slightly convex surface in the middle, and when trimmed at an angle, the circle clings to the front enamel at the ends of the tile.
White stripes appeared when trimming the end of the tile at 45 degrees.
Dry tile cut at 45 degree. Сухая резка края плитки под 45 градусов.
In the case of light-colored grout, the unpainted tile tip is less visible.
Disadvantages of a 45 degree tile angle:
The corner becomes more vulnerable to impacts. Especially if you are on the aisle. It is enough to hook the slope with an empty metal bucket so that a piece of the grinded corner on the tile will fly off. The complexity of the work increases, and hence the price.
You can hook such an angle with anything, even with a harmless trouser belt buckle:
The opinion of the masters about cutting the tiles at an angle of 45 degrees.
You can also prepare an angle of 45 on the tile using an angle grinder. A lot of dust. Not that quality. But really. The main thing is cheap and always possible.
It is especially important to indicate the correct angle when laying decorative stone. Often, corner elements for such products are not provided or are not available. Cutting a stone at an angle of 45 degrees is the only way out of this situation.
Angle on decorative stone at 45 degrees.
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