The use of various electrical appliances greatly simplifies the implementation of many types of work, but unfortunately, all complex products break down sooner or later. Failure of the electric trimmer
will lead not only to the inability to carry out work in the garden, but also to significant financial waste for repairs. Significantly save money and increase your own knowledge in the device of this technique is possible if you repair the trimmer yourself. Before you begin to perform this type of work, you should carefully study the principle of operation of this type of household appliances.
Electric trimmer: device and principle of operation
The electric trimmer consists of:
- Enclosures with an electric motor.
- Detachable rod.
- Trimmer coil with protective cover.
- Riveting for the shoulder strap.
Electric trimmer device
A power cable with a plug is connected to the trimmer body, through which electric current is transmitted. A flexible shaft is located in the cavity of the split rod, due to which torque is transmitted to the trimmer coil. The device is turned on by pressing the button located on the handle of the device.
This trimmer design is the most common, but
if desired, you can find products running on battery power, as well as with the bottom location of the electric motor.
Do-it-yourself grass trimmer repair: common causes of breakdowns
The trimmer may fail during operation under high loads. This situation may occur when the treated area is covered with tall grass.
Mowing tall grass
When working in such areas, the engine may fail, bearings may break, and the electric braid coil may be destroyed. When working in rainy weather or in very foggy conditions, the trimmer may “burn out” as a result of a short circuit.
Damage to this electrical appliance can occur as a result of frequent use. If the household appliance will be used in this mode, then after operating a certain number of hours, it will be necessary to carry out mandatory repairs and preventive adjustment of many parts of the electrical appliance.
Start button repair
If the electric braid does not show signs of life, then perhaps an electric cable breakage inside the handle of the housing, or the electric motor power button is faulty.
In order to diagnose electricians, you will need to disassemble the handle of the electrical appliance. The work is carried out in the following sequence:
- The control knob is removed from the frame of the electric braid.
- The handle is disassembled.
When access to the inside of the electric braid is provided, a multimeter measures the resistance of the trim button. If there is no resistance after pressing, then this
The item must be replaced. It is also necessary to check the connection points of the power cable with the internal electrics located in the handle
device. The contacts should be checked “open” with a multimeter. Often such a malfunction can be determined “by eye”. After contact breakage is detected, it is enough to solder the damaged area to restore the trimmer.
In the absence of a multimeter, diagnostic work can be done with an indicator screwdriver. For this purpose, plug in the power supply and using this diagnostic tool
find the “phase wire" and thus check for the presence of electric current before the power button and after. If the phase current is detected in a different electrical circuit, it is enough to install the electric plug on the contrary in the socket so that the correct diagnostics can be carried out
trimmer malfunction. The second diagnostic option should be done with great care, since there is a danger of electric shock during the integrity check of the wiring.
If the power button of the device and sections of internal wiring are intact, then you should proceed to check the electric motor. For this purpose, it is necessary to remove the housing cover, having previously unscrewed several screws with a screwdriver.
Video: How to Fix a Grass Trimmer
The first thing to do after accessing the electric motor is to check the functionality of the brush assembly. If the brushes are worn above the maximum permissible value, then the electric motor can completely stop or work unstably. In the case when the brushes and the collector are in perfect order, you should proceed to the "ringing" of the motor winding. In order to exclude the possibility of breakage in both circuits, it is necessary to alternately carry out
check the stator and rotor of the motor. To perform this operation, you must:
- Remove engine from electric braids.
- Turn the multimeter into resistance measurement mode and check for a break in all collector plates. When checking, there should also be no significant deviations in the readings of the diagnostic tool.
- Check for a breakdown of the rotor winding to ground. For this purpose, one probe of the multimeter should be connected to the "mass" of the rotor, and the other to any collector plate. The multimeter should be set to a resistance measurement mode of more than 1 MΩ. The resistance of a working motor between the winding and the "mass" should be very large.
- Measure the stator winding resistance. If there is no resistance, then we can state in this case its malfunction.
- If the stator wiring is in perfect order, then a possible breakdown of it on the housing is checked, in the same way as in the diagnosis of the stator.
When checking in this way, in 90% of cases it is possible to establish the cause of the motor failure. Check for inter-turn short circuit, which can manifest itself only during the operation of the engine, this will not work, but you can diagnose such a malfunction
by indirect signs, which are manifested in a decrease in electric motor power and its overheating. If the electric motor is equipped with a thermal relay, then such an electric braid, with an interturn circuit, will work for a short time, after which the trimmer will automatically turn off. In some cases, a thermal relay can cause a malfunction of the trimmer motor, therefore, a set of test
events, the “ringing” of the thermal relay should be enabled using a multimeter or tester.
It is very simple to do this: in good condition, on a cold engine, the thermal relay passes electric current,
malfunctioning, the electrical circuit will be open.
The problems of operability of the electric braids associated with wire breakage are easily eliminated by soldering the contacts, but if the motor "burned out", then it will be necessary to perform a complex rewinding process, which can
Perform only by a qualified technician. In many cases, it is much easier and cheaper to purchase a new engine and install it in place of a burned out one. This work can be done independently.
in reverse order of removal.
If the trimmer electrician is in good condition, you should pay attention to other types of malfunctions that may occur during operation of the electric braid.
Trimmer mechanical failures
If the electric motor of the device turns on, but the line does not rotate, the cause of such a malfunction may be a break in the flexible shaft transmitting torque. This problem is especially often manifested with improper care of the appliance. For example, in the absence of lubrication inside the rod of the electric braid, the cable will undergo excessive friction and for a short time this part will fail. To replace it, it is enough to disconnect the upper part of the electric braid, in which the electric motor is located, after which it will be possible to remove the flexible shaft from the rod.
Flexible shaft grease
If there is a difficulty in removing the second part of the cable remaining in the cavity, the lower part of the braid with the spool and shaft is disconnected. The assembly of the mechanism is in the reverse order.
Before installation, the flexible shaft must be carefully lubricated with grease to reduce the likelihood of a repeated failure of this part.
Bearing shaft bearing
Rupture of the flexible shaft can only occur on trimmer models with an overhead motor.
Electric braids with a lower engine position do not have a flexible shaft, but malfunctions of such devices can manifest themselves in the form of destruction of the bearing of the main shaft of the electric braid on which the reel with fishing line is installed.
It is very simple to repair such a malfunction; it is enough to replace a failed bearing with a new part.
With frequent use and improper care of the electric braid, the listed malfunctions can appear with enviable regularity. To minimize the likelihood of damage, it is enough not to overload the device, lubricate the rubbing parts in time and do not work at high humidity. Despite some limitations when working with this device with an electric trimmer, unlike gas trimmers, malfunctions in the ignition unit cannot occur. And such a malfunction as: “the trimmer motor immediately stalls”, in principle, can not be. The engine of the electrical device cannot stall, since it does not need to be started. To start, just press the power button, so many summer residents choose, to care for the surrounding area, electric trimmers.