How to install an alternator on a single-axle tractor Neva

install, alternator, single-axle, tractor

Many people experience residential power outages, and it’s not uncommon. Someone rescues by traditional methods, using candles, gasoline generators, etc.д. But there is another solution to the problem: made of a motor-block generator with their own hands, capable of generating electricity. An asynchronous electric motor comes in handy for this. Frequency of rotation. 800-1600 per minute with power up to 15 kW. It is connected by means of a drive belt and pulleys with the motor, removed from the motor equipment. In order to make the speed of the electric motor 15% higher than the technical value, you need to choose a pulley with a suitable diameter. Connect the motor windings in a star, in turn the capacitor is connected in parallel to each of them. It comes out as a triangle. It is mandatory to have the same capacity for all generators to work properly. The generator should be created according to the following video instruction:

The alternator is an important part of a modern power tiller, whose main function is to supply power to the battery, headlights, and other electrical appliances of the farm machine. Offers to consider the features of independent selection, installation and self-manufacturing of a reliable alternator for the power tiller in more detail.

How to choose the right generator ?

The first thing to note is that the power of the selected unit must exceed the power of the installed load, the generator must continue to operate without a surge in voltage during operation of all appliances on the power tiller.

For such equipment as a single-axle tractor, alternators from a car are suitable.

The alternator for a power tiller is a key element of the electric circuit of a machine, without which the battery and headlights cannot work properly. It charges the battery, so you can easily start the equipment with a starter and energize all the electromechanisms on board during operation. Its operating principle is quite simple: mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy. The design is also uncomplicated.

But, there are some nuances in its selection and installation, without taking into account which it will be impossible to ensure effective and uninterrupted operation of the machine as a whole.

How to put a generator on a single axle tractor. the algorithm in detail

Before installing the generator on an agricultural machine, you should study in detail the structure of the available element. The generator to the motoblock consists of the following parts:

  • housing. in most cases presented in the form of a metal box, equipped with a front and rear cover;
  • pulley. this part is designed to transfer mechanical energy from the motor to the shaft of the generator through the belt;
  • stator. the role of this part is played by the usual rewinding of steel sheets assembled into one compact package. In its shape, the stator resembles a tube, inside which the power of the generator is generated;
  • rotor. this part has the shape of a steel shaft equipped with two metal bushes. In the section between the bushings is the field winding, the wires of which are connected to the contact rings;
  • brush assembly. this is a plastic part, which is responsible for the correct operation of the alternator;
  • Voltage regulator. this part is responsible for stabilizing the voltage when the load on the alternator changes.

Massey Ferguson TEA20 Alternator how to fit and wire up.

Installing the generator on a single axle tractor with their own hands takes a lot of time, but after spending it, you will ensure trouble-free operation of your agricultural machine. The connection of the alternator to the machine must be made in accordance with the wiring diagram, which lists and describes all the connections required for installation.

Many people ask themselves the same question, how to install an alternator on a single axle tractor without a battery? To install the machine with your own hands, it is desirable to follow some rules and know what the machine consists of.

  • The housing is a steel container.
  • A pulley is a conductor of mechanical energy.
  • Voltage regulator.
  • The rotor. made of steel shaft and two bushings, between which is the winding.
  • Brush assembly. made of plastic and plays an important role in the proper functioning of the generator.
  • The stator. a classic rewind, inside it the power is generated.

To put a car generator on a single axle tractor does not require much time and effort, but it should be treated responsibly.

Because this will depend on the performance of the equipment as a whole. The generator is mounted to the motor vehicle by means of a special scheme, where all the connections are indicated. If connected incorrectly the winding can catch fire. Installation of the generator on a single axle tractor with their own hands is carried out thanks to the two wires. In total, there are 4 wires in the unit, including 2 blue. It is through two blue wires that the converter is connected. Then a red wire that feeds the lights and charges. The following drawing will help.

Troubleshooting and repair of the motor-block alternator

Problems in the work of the motoblock generator usually arise from the lack of voltage, which can disappear due to the following series of reasons.

Repair of the generator with his hands

To disassemble one of the most important parts of the motor-block for repair work, you must first remove the rotor, on the shaft of which the pulley is installed. To do this, unscrewing the retaining nut, it is necessary to remove the support sleeve and the pulley of the generator. The rotor is then easily removed, and access to the alternator winding and stator is opened.

The winding (copper wire) is wound on a plastic cage of the alternator coil, which easily and quickly melts when the winding overheats. As a consequence, the turns of the winding stick together and there is a short circuit to the stator.

The coil can be replaced with a self-made one (cut out of textolite or fiberglass). The winding wire should be the same diameter and wound according to the diagram. For example, the first section taken is wound to the left, the next is wound to the right, the third is wound to the left, and the fourth is passed (through it the stator is attached to the generator body). here the wire must be passed through an insulating sleeve. The going on fifth section should have the same winding direction as the first one, and the sixth and seventh should have the same winding direction as the second and the third section. And the remaining eighth section will be the anchoring section.

The final step will be to coat the winding with varnish in several layers, which will protect it from moisture, fuel fumes and dust. After the varnish has dried, the alternator is assembled and the device is tested.

Connection by means of an electric generator

The optimal way to connect the light on a power tiller is to use the alternator that comes with the machine. As a rule, standard power generators for all models of this special equipment have excessive power, which can be used to operate the lighting device. Connecting the headlamp to the power source follows the following algorithm:

  • using the wiring, the light element is connected to the generator;
  • one of the wires is equipped with a toggle switch, which should preferably be placed at the steering wheel or in another convenient place for the driver;
  • after testing the functionality of the wiring harness, place it in a protective sleeve and fasten it to the body of the mini-machine.

If the regular generator has enough power, the lighting will be bright and stable. When the lamp starts flashing and turns off when the load on the machine increases, it makes sense to think about replacing the standard electric generator with a device from any model of tractor.

Carefully! When using equipment designed for other equipment, it is necessary to provide the single-axle tractor with additional support frames, increasing the strength of the attachment.

How to install an alternator on a single axle tractor with your own hands

The generator for the power tiller is a key element of the electric circuit of the machine, without which the normal operation of the battery and headlights is impossible. It is he who charges the battery, thanks to which the unimpeded start of the equipment by the starter and power all the electromechanisms on board in the process of operation is made. The principle of its operation is quite simple: mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy. The design is also uncomplicated.

But, there are some nuances in its selection and installation, without taking into account which it will be impossible to ensure effective and uninterrupted operation of the machine as a whole.

Many people encounter power outages in residential areas, and this is not uncommon. Someone rescues by traditional methods, using candles, gasoline generators, etc.д. But there is another solution to the problem: made of a motor-block electric generator with their own hands, capable of generating electricity. An asynchronous electric motor comes in handy for this. RPM is 800-1600 per minute with power up to 15 kW. It is connected to the motor removed from the motor by the drive belt and pulleys. In order to make the speed of the electric motor 15% higher than the technical value, it is necessary to choose a pulley with a suitable diameter. Unite the motor windings in a star, in turn the capacitor is connected in parallel to each of them. Triangle out. It is essential to have the same capacity for all generators for trouble-free operation. It is necessary to create a generator according to the following video instruction:

The alternator for the power tiller is a key element in the electrical circuit of the machine without which the battery and headlights would not work normally. It is he who charges the battery, allowing the equipment to start the starter and powers all the electromechanisms on board during work without hindrance. The principle of its operation is quite simple: mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy. The design is also not complicated.

But, there are some nuances in its selection and installation, without taking into account which it will be impossible to ensure effective and smooth operation of the machine as a whole.