How to make a do-it-yourself disc hiller for a tiller?
If you have a summer cottage, then you probably grow potatoes on it, the cultivation of which will be easier to produce with the help of special tools. Among them is the disc hiller for the tiller. With your own hands, this tool can be made with ease. A simple model of this type of hiller can be made from improvised tools.
Features of self-made disc hiller
Before making a do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller, you will need to prepare the necessary materials. You will need to use a template made of steel. The thickness of the latter should be equal to 2 millimeters. From the canvas, you will need to cut out the halves of the tool. These workpieces must be bent until they coincide with the radius, only then can you start welding. Weld seams should be machined with an angle grinder. If necessary, the elements need to be welded, and then cleaned well. Ultimately, you should get an even layer of metal, the surface of which should be perfect..
Features of making hiller disks
When a disc hiller is made for a tiller with his own hands, the master should certainly consider the drawings. In addition, it must be remembered that the working blades must be prepared from the steel of the same density. In order to make a tool, you need to choose the type of discs. They will be steel sheets with a thickness of 2 mm. These components of the hiller should have lower edges that should be bent. The main condition is that the disks should be located symmetrically in relation to each other. Otherwise, the tool will lead to the side, which will complicate the work of the summer resident. When creating a structure, you can use plowshares that were borrowed from an old seeder. These elements, when a do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller is made, the drawings of which you can take from our article, must be mounted at an angle. In addition, you will need to maintain a step between the lower points, which should be equal to the width of the wheel track. This parameter is equivalent to the width between rows. The elements can be connected to each other using bolts; it is permissible to use a welding machine. The discs must be mated with each other using an adjustable adapter. In addition to discs, stands, screw lanyards, and a leash act as the main elements of the tool. The last of them must be done in the form of the letter T.
The do-it-yourself disk hiller for the tiller should be made using lanyards, which are needed in order to adjust the axis of rotation of the disks. This tool should be fixed to the tiller by means of a beam that has wings. During the manufacture and installation of parts, the specified size must be carefully observed.
Making a lister hiller
The simplest option for making a hiller is to make a model that has a fixed working width. This design is represented by wings, which are connected and somewhat spread apart, as well as fixed to each other. There should be 2 such elements in the equipment. Due to the fact that the wings remain stationary, it will be impossible to adjust the working width. Therefore, the width between the beds will need to be adjusted to the tool, and not vice versa. A do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller, as a rule, is made according to the principle of factory equipment, the gripping width of the tool is 30 cm, which is not very convenient, because the width between the dispersion of potatoes assumes a parameter equal to 60 centimeters. The presence of thin racks acts as a feature of lister hillers. This allows you to withstand the overload of the cultivator when carrying out the destruction of the tool into the ground..
Tool manufacturing options
A do-it-yourself disc hiller for a tiller can be made using one of two technologies. One of them involves the use of a variable, the other is a fixed wing width. In the first method, the distance between the discs can be changed by the method of rearranging the stands.
A do-it-yourself disc hiller for a tiller can be made in such a way that it is possible to facilitate work with the tool. For this, it is necessary to provide for the presence of sleeve bearings. Once the bearings are installed, you can improve the reliability of the tool. In this case, you should not use slip bushings..
Before starting work, you need to study the drawings of a disc hiller for a tiller, but if you do not intend to do the manufacturing work yourself, you can purchase a propeller tool. At the heart of his work. special propellers, under the influence of which the soil is first crushed, and then weeds are removed from it. And only then the loose soil is used for hilling.
Features of the hiller with variable working width
If you are thinking about how to make disc tiller for a tiller, you should know that such tools are most convenient if they have a variable working width. This is due to the fact that they have an adjusting mechanism, with its help you can adjust the position of the wings. This allows for a variable width between rows. Such hillers are used in tandem with tillers, the motor of which demonstrates a power of up to 4 liters. from. and more.
Among the disadvantages of such tools, one can single out significant energy intensity. The main advantage of disc hillers is the successful combination of the tool with the tiller. In the process of using such a tool, you will achieve the greatest efficiency..
We make a snowblower bucket with our own hands
the tiller is useful on the farm not only in summer, but also in winter. It is often equipped like a snow blower. It is enough to make a bucket for the tiller, and the iron assistant will do the hard work..
A snow shovel is usually made from a 200 liter iron barrel. You will also need metal strips, a square pipe, rubber and steel plates and fasteners – bolts, nuts. From tools – pliers or pliers, drill and drill bits for metal, wrenches, grinder, welding machine.
an angle grinder at the barrel, the side parts are cut. Then the workpiece is cut into three pieces. Two of them are welded along the contour. The remaining third of the barrel needs to be divided into metal strips, which will be the bucket knives. Three 6mm diameter holes are drilled into them for attachment to the edge of the bucket. Instead of a barrel, you can use a metal sheet, which will need to be bent by heating.
A strip of metal is welded to the bottom of the bucket to make it heavier. The metal strip is completely covered with rubber to prevent wear. The bucket is then attached to the tiller. To protect against corrosion, a homemade bucket is primed and painted.
You can turn a wheeled tiller into a snowmobile using a trailer and winter wheels. With the help of the channel, the trailer is fixed to the frame. Used truck cameras are used instead of expensive wheels. On each wheel, the deflated chamber is secured with chains and inflated again. Equipping a snowmobile machine is quite simple and homemade sleds.
How to design a trencher?
A homemade trencher is a hinged attachment to the tiller, which allows you to quickly and effortlessly dig trenches and holes. It is a kind of compact excavator that is maneuverable and economical. Moves on a wheeled or tracked chassis.
The digger attachment allows you to dig trenches and holes even in frozen ground. The walls of the trenches are flat, without shedding. The excavated soil is light and crumbly and can be used for backfilling.
Two cutters are fixed on the front suspension, on the rear – a shovel for extracting soil from the trench. It is imperative to attach safety guards to the cutting discs and the chain drive. By the same principle, a drill bit is made from a metal rod and plates..
How to make attachments for a tiller with your own hands?
- How to make a flat cutter with your own hands?
- Dimensions and features of the manufacture of hedgehogs
- We make a snowblower bucket with our own hands
- How to design a trencher?
- Manufacturing of other suspended structures
In order to increase the capabilities of the tiller, it is enough to equip it with various attachments. For all models, manufacturers have developed numerous add-ons, the use of which makes it easier to work on the ground..
On sale you can find plows and seeders, hillers, furrow diggers, sledges. The choice, of course, is large, but many cannot afford the cost of such equipment. But it is quite possible to make it on your own from cheaper or used materials..
Dimensions and features of the manufacture of hedgehogs
a tiller with an attachment for growing potatoes will save time and effort when caring for this crop. Weeding hedgehogs are a functional attachment that allows you to quickly and efficiently defeat weeds. In the process of weeding, the plants are not simply cut, but uprooted. The land around the plant is well loosened and huddled. Thanks to this, the plant not only gets rid of weeds, but also receives sufficient water and oxygen..
Based on diagrams and drawings, you can make them yourself.
Components for hedgehogs:
- 3 discs made of metal or a ring;
- a small piece of pipe with a diameter of 30 mm;
- steel dowel rods.
It is preferable to use rings instead of discs, which will lighten the whole structure. The sizes of rings for making tiller’s hedgehogs are different. The most common are 240x170x100 mm or 300x200x100 mm. The rings are attached to the pipe through jumpers. The connection must be made at an angle of 45 degrees with a distance between the elements no more than 15-18 cm.
The spikes, cut from a steel rod 10-15 cm long, are welded onto the rings and the axle itself. Depending on the size, they are attached to a large ring in the amount of 15 pieces, to a small one – 5. Also, several pieces can be welded onto the axle..
To facilitate the work with the structure, the hedgehog tiller is equipped with additional wheels.
How to make a flat cutter with your own hands?
A practical addition to the tiller is the flat cutter. This is an irreplaceable assistant who creates beds, weeds and spuds plantings, levels, falls asleep, loosens the ground. The possibilities of such a nozzle are almost endless..
If you place the blades of the plane cutter on the left and lead in the same plane with the soil, then you can weed or loosen the ground. Raising the appliance slightly, the blades turned to the left will mow tall weeds. If the blades look down, then it is easy to create beds with them..
How the NY Cooperage Makes Up to 100 Whiskey Barrels a Week — Handmade
A flat cutter will again help to form grooves for planting and fill in the seeds. This is the function of the burier.
You can use the Fokin plane cutter as a hitch for a tiller. He has the necessary holes for hanging on the structure. If a flat cutter of a different size is required, then you can make it yourself. Drawings and a small metal workpiece will help with this..
The metal must be of sufficient thickness and strength so that in the future it can function as a blade. The sheet is heated with a blowtorch and bent according to the pattern. When the plane cutter is in shape, it is cooled with water. In order for this workpiece to become an attachment, it is necessary to make holes for fasteners and sharpen the workpiece with an angle grinder.
A sheet of metal can be replaced with a piece of pipe, to which pieces of metal are attached like blades. They need to be sharpened.
Manufacturing of other suspended structures
So, to cultivate the land, a plow is needed that can overcome virgin soil overgrown with grass, wet or stale soil. To make it, you need a steel plate about 5 mm thick. Using the rollers, the plate is bent into a cylinder. Edges sharpen angle grinder.
The resulting home-made plow is hung on the tiller’s stand through the hitch.
By the same principle, it is easy to make a furrow-forming attachment. It is good if there are stands from the cultivator. They can be attached to a corner or made two racks from scrap materials. For this, plates are cut from a metal sheet with a thickness of 1.5-2 mm. The size of the plates should correspond to the depth and width of the furrow. They are fastened with bolts to the struts of the structure. You can use such a nozzle for instillation. One has only to give the plates the required shape. They should be in the form of a disc or circle, located at a certain angle. From above, such plates are located closer than below. Due to this, the discs, while rotating, open the cavities outward..
The cranberry tiller attachment contains a self-propelled crawler platform. The intake is fixed on the swing frame of the platform. It is made in the form of a box with bent parallel teeth. Moving, the device with the help of the fan pulls the berries into the box. The fan is powered by the engine. Screw-shaped spirals are installed in the box.
Plucked cranberries are heavier than garbage, so they fall to the bottom of the container. Leaves, small specks that fall along with the cranberries, along with the air flow from the fan, are removed through the hole.
The tiller brush is used for cleaning the area not only from leaves, but also from shallow snow. Simplicity, efficiency and versatility of use are the obvious advantages of this hinged element. A brush shaft is vertically attached to the tiller. A ring and discs with brushes are alternately put on it. The diameter of the rings is 350 mm. The width of the grip of such a brush is usually made no more than one meter. This allows the tiller to remain manoeuvrable and cover a fairly large surface area for cleaning..
The length of the bristles is 40-50 cm, otherwise it will soon begin to wrinkle and wrinkle. It will not be possible to restore the properties of the bristles, just attach new discs. The speed of the tiller with the attached brush fluctuates in the range of 2-5 km / h, depending on the engine power of the unit.
To learn how to make a plow to a tiller with your own hands, see the next video.
tiller do it yourself
The advantage of a homemade tiller is in its price. If it is assembled with high quality, then its characteristics will not be inferior to the factory ones..
It is necessary to determine which area will be cultivated by the tiller, and what features the soil has. It depends on how much power the engine should be..
The motor will fit from other agricultural equipment (from a chainsaw), but in this case it is necessary to supplement it with a forced cooling system. You also need to create a frame to which the engine, wheels, handle will be attached..
More information on how to make a tiller with your own hands can be found here:
What homemade products for a tiller can be made with your own hands: amazing inventions and adaptations
Homemade products for the tiller are invented and manufactured by almost all owners of this technique. The purpose of these actions is to expand the functionality of the unit with minimal financial investment. In the basic configuration, the cultivator has extremely limited capabilities. Installing various options on it can turn a small car into a full-fledged mini-tractor. Often, homemade devices are in no way inferior to factory-made counterparts. In order to improve the tiller with your own hands, a set of tools that are available in every workshop of a country house or summer cottage is quite enough. The materials you need can be found in a junkyard, in a barn or at a scrap metal collection point.
Homemade products to Tiller Neva
Attached and trailed equipment significantly expands the functionality of the trailers. Some equipment is included, such as cutters, but the rest must be purchased. If you purchase the entire arsenal of additional devices for the Tiller Neva, then it will be too expensive, therefore, homemade products and inventions from improvised means are so in demand.
What adaptations for a tiller can be made at home?
- Adapters, trolleys
There are detailed articles and videos on the Internet on how to make these devices. Also an important improvement for the tiller is the muffler. It comes out of the box as part of the exhaust system, but does not always cope with noise suppression. You can make a quiet muffler according to this scheme:
Potato digger for tiller
Various types of potato diggers are very popular among farmers. These devices save people from hard manual labor, speeding up the harvesting process several times. The tiller digger has a very simple design. It can be made from metal that remains after the construction and repair of the house..
To work you will need:
- Angle Grinder;
- welding machine;
- electric drill;
- heavy hammer;
- profile steel pipe 20×40 mm;
- reinforcement 12 mm;
- tin (preferably stainless);
- bayonet shovel without handle.
The attachment to the tiller is made in suspended or trailed (modular) design. The hanging tool only digs out the tubers, leaving them lying on the surface for subsequent manual harvesting. The modular type potato digger not only extracts the crop from the ground, but also collects it in a mobile container on the chassis.
The digger is made in the following sequence:
- Drawing up a drawing. The width of the digger should be within 25-30 cm.The angle of attack of the point is taken perpendicular to the opener so that the tool does not burrow into the ground.
- The reinforcement is cut into pieces of a given length. Using a hammer and anvil, they are given the required bend.
- A container for tubers is assembled from a profile pipe and sheet metal. The chassis or runners are welded to the container frame. The runners are made from pipes, and the chassis is taken from an old stroller, cart or lawn mower..
- The holder and reinforcement rods are welded to the shovel. The drawbar is welded to the holder, which is fixed to the assembly container. Connections are made movable by bolts or hinges.
- Rust and weld build-up are removed. The finished product is treated with an anti-corrosion agent and painted.
Adjustment and adjustment of the digger is carried out using stands and steel ties.
In the kit for the digger, you can immediately make a disc hiller. This tool will be needed when planting tubers after they have been buried in a plow trench. Hillers are made from old lids from pots, shaped pipes and bolts. A trolley is assembled from pipes and small wheels, onto which holders for lids are welded at a certain angle. After sharpening on stone, the discs are mounted on holders.
Reducing unit noise
Even the most modern and expensive cultivators make a lot of noise during operation, especially at high speeds. This factor greatly tires the operator and can serve as a reason for the deterioration of relations with neighbors. A homemade muffler will help to solve the problem. This is a task that is within the reach of any craftsman with initial skills in handling iron..
In order to make a muffler for a tiller with your own hands, you will need the following tools and materials:
- welding machine;
- Angle Grinder;
- electric drill;
- aluminum clamp;
- stainless steel 2 mm thick;
- metal shavings.
Having collected everything you need, you can begin to improve the exhaust system..
This is done in the following sequence:
- Make 2 tubes of oval section from stainless steel. The diameter of the pipes should differ by 1-1.5 cm. Fasten the pipe joints with a welding machine.
- In a pipe with a smaller diameter, make the maximum number of holes with a diameter of 8 mm. Wrap it with metal shavings. Coil up the shavings with steel wire.
- Insert the smaller pipe into the larger one. Fix them in position with steel bars and welding.
- Attach the muffler to the exhaust pipe and secure with a hose clamp.
The noise level after such an improvement will decrease several times. The service life of a homemade muffler will be at least 5 years. So, being content with little, you can significantly improve the conditions for agricultural and other work using a tiller.
Homemade loader from Tiller
A loader from a tiller is a necessary thing in the household. Buying a ready-made forklift is very expensive, it is necessary only if there is constant work with the transportation of goods, clearing the area, etc. Mostly forklifts in the household are used to remove snow and transport various goods, so it will be cheaper and more rational to make a forklift with your own hands..
Craftsmen are constantly coming up with new versions of this equipment, so there are many modifications, among which there is a suitable option for everyone. A loader can be assembled from special parts, or you can use what many have in garages. Parts from old cars and motorcycles are suitable.
How to make a wine barrel
the tiller must be equipped with a powerful engine. The heavier the loads, the more powerful the equipment should be. Even tillers with 15 hp motors. lift no more than 250 kg. Counterweight is required.
As a basis, you can take the drawings of the fracture mini-tractor. The frame is made of a channel, the fracture unit is a fist from a VAZ, a steering column and shortened axles from any car, a P40 hydraulic valve, a bucket can be made independently, or you can use a ready-made.
Improvement of the undercarriage
The first thing tiller users think about is how to make a trolley with a seat for it. The use of equipment in a normal mode with the use of levers involves the application of great physical effort. However, the use of a trailer reduces the stability of the vehicle. This problem can be eliminated by expanding the wheelbase. This is done using extension cords that are attached to the axle shaft with pins or bolts. Having solved the problem with stability, the operator is faced with another question: the unit is poorly controlled. The tiller differential helps give it good maneuverability. This device is made by analogy with the nodes of cars. Homemade unlockers for tiller are made using ordinary household tools – an angle grinder, welding and a grinder.
The low weight of the tiller is the reason for the poor grip of the wheels. Slipping is common when picking up virgin soil, working on wet ground, or driving on snow. To avoid slippage, weights are attached to the tillers..
These devices are categorized as follows:
- Wheeled. They are discs that are mounted on wheels or hubs. Discs are made monolithic from metal, concrete or hollow filled with sand. The weight of the wheel weights can be 30-70kg.
- External. They are made of any heavy material (steel, lead, concrete). Attached to the body with hooks or bolts. Some craftsmen weld a frame from a corner to the body. Sandbags, bricks, scrap metal and other heavy objects are placed in it..
You can improve the permeability of the tiller by installing lugs. The easiest way to make lugs is to make a rim from a strip of metal and weld the blades onto it. The rim diameter should be larger than the rims and smaller than the tires. Fitting the rim is carried out with the tires flat. After the lug is installed, the wheel is inflated.
You can improve the transmission by installing a homemade variator on the engine. The system of belts and discs will allow you to smoothly change the speed of the unit, without jerking and vibration.
Making a field sprayer for a tiller
A homemade sprayer for a tiller is necessary in cases where the area of cultivated crops exceeds 20 acres. It is very difficult to do such work manually, it can take a whole day. Mechanizing this process will save a lot of time and effort..
To manufacture a sprayer you will need:
- welding machine;
- Angle Grinder;
- electric drill;
- soldering iron for polypropylene pipes;
- shaped or round water pipes;
- plastic or steel barrel with a capacity of 80-100 liters;
- wide pneumatic wheels;
- plastic pipes;
- rubber hose;
- nozzles or nipples from wheel tubes.
The assembly of a homemade sprayer is carried out in the following sequence:
- Frame manufacturing. Its dimensions are adjusted to the size of the container. The chassis is attached to the frame. For good cross-country ability, at least 4 wheels are required. In the absence of wheels, wide skids are made of aluminum.
- The container is installed and fixed on the frame. For this, spacers and ties are used. Holes are made in the tank for the supply of high pressure hoses. The filler neck is sealed.
- A bracket for the pump is being manufactured. A model is selected that works from a power take-off shaft (belt drive) or from electricity (tiller generator).
- The watering system is being assembled. A durable holder is made of steel profiles. Plastic pipes are attached to it with clamps or plastic ties. Overpressure relief valve and nozzles are being installed.
- All parts are connected together, the quality of the fasteners is checked, the tightness of the joints. The tank is filled with water, the unit is tested in various modes, the final adjustment and adjustment is performed.
A self-made sprayer will fully justify the effort invested in the first season. Thanks to this device, spraying and watering of the garden will be carried out quickly and efficiently..
How to create a snow plow from a barrel?
Making a shovel on your own is easy when you have a welding machine, an angle grinder and an electric drill in your home. Here’s one easy way. You do not need to search for the necessary material, since you can use a simple 200-liter iron barrel.
Carefully cut it into 3 slices and you will have 3 curved pieces for the snow plow. Having welded 2 of them along the contour mowing line, we get an element with an iron thickness of 3 mm, which is fully enough for the rigidity of the shovel. The lower segment of the shovel is reinforced with a knife. This will require a metal strip 5 mm thick and the same length as the blade grip. Holes are made in the knife with a caliber of 5-6 mm with an interval of 10-12 cm for mounting a protective rubber strip.
The mechanism of the attachment point of the shovel to the cultivator is quite simple and can be done at home. A pipe with a cross-section in the form of a square 40×40 millimeters in size is cooked to a shovel, assembled from two parts of a barrel, approximately in the middle of its height for reinforcement. Then, in the middle of the pipe, a semicircle of thick iron is cooked, in which 3 holes are pre-made, required to stabilize the angles of rotation of the moldboard shovel.
Next, a bracket that looks like the letter “G” is welded from the same tube, one edge of which is placed in a hole in a semicircle, and the second is connected with bolts to the chassis of the unit.
To adjust the level of the blade lift, bolts are used that are screwed into the holes in a piece of tube welded to the hitch and put on the L-shaped bracket.
How to work with a tiller snow plow
The tiller mouldboard must be properly installed before performing its functions. She turns her hands to the right or to the left at an angle of up to 30 °. The process of adjusting the position ends by setting a suitable angle and fixing the shovel in the chosen position using cotter pins. The grip area of a snow plow for a mobile power unit is usually one meter (some modifications may have different values) with a shovel material thickness of 2 to 3 mm. In an industrial environment, these devices are made from high quality steel..
Design features of the device
Snow shovels are effortlessly attached to any type of equipment, significantly speeding up and simplifying the procedure for clearing snow. All snow plowing equipment for a multifunctional implement includes 3 basic parts: a snow shovel, a plow angle adjustment mechanism and a mounting module that holds the snow plow to the frame of the implement..
There are a number of designs of factory shovels that are part of the attachments, however, such a device for a tiller can be built with your own hands, especially since there is a wide variety of information and drawings on this problem in the global network.
This makes it possible not only to manufacture equipment with the required characteristics, but also to significantly save money..
The blade is an integral part of the attachments used in conjunction with a motor cultivator. With his support, you can facilitate such everyday work on your own plot of land as collecting garbage in summer, in winter – clearing snow, in addition, leveling the surface layer of the earth and transporting it from one site to another. Snow plows come in different variations, but in their total mass they are endowed with one principle of operation and design. They mainly have a number of standard working positions..
These are almost always the 3 points below:
- to the left (with a turn of 30 °);
- to the right (with a turn of 30 °).
Making a moldboard shovel from a gas cylinder
Another available tool for making a moldboard shovel is a gas cylinder. This event will certainly require a detailed diagram. It should indicate the parameters of the spare parts used and the procedure for assembling them into a single structure. Work on the creation takes place in the following order.
- Release excessive pressure from the cylinder, if any.
- Cut off both edges of the lid so that the width corresponds to one meter.
- Cut the resulting pipe lengthwise into 2 halves.
- Using a welding machine, connect these 2 segments so that the blade height is approximately 700 millimeters..
- The holder for fastening is made as follows. Cut a kerchief out of thick iron. Make a number of holes in it to rotate the blade in different directions. Weld a piece of pipe to the kerchief.
- Weld the prepared product to the plow at the level of the holder location on the tiller.
- Installation is carried out using a cylindrical rod.
The thickness of the walls of the cylinder is sufficient, there is no need for reinforcement. However, the bottom can be fitted with durable rubber that will remove loose snow and not damage the rolled road. To do this, you need to take hard rubber from the rotary – conveyor lines. The width of the rubber strip is 100×150 mm. Using an electric drill, make holes in the shovel to fix the rubber. To firmly fix the rubber strip, a 900x100x3 mm iron strip is needed. Drill holes in metal and rubber, marking in advance with a shovel. Secure with bolts.
Shovel for a motor cultivator
Mouldboard shovels for motor cultivators can be equipped with a knife attachment, which is convenient for leveling the soil, as well as rubber attachments designed to eliminate the effects of snowfall. The choice of models of snow plows is extensive, when choosing such a hinged mechanism, you must certainly make sure that the structure can be mounted on an existing motor cultivator.
Manufacturers do not equip these devices for tillers with a device for damping (damping) or preventing vibrations (spring dampers), since due to the low speed of movement, special protection against contact with uneven soil is not needed. When equipping your rototiller with additional snow removal equipment, purchase specialized steel lugs.
Replacing pneumatic wheels with similar devices significantly increases the quality of snow cleaning..
Recommendations for creating a do-it-yourself blade for a tiller
- Design features of the device
- How to work with a tiller snow plow
- Shovel for a motor cultivator
- How to create a snow plow from a barrel?
- Making a moldboard shovel from a gas cylinder
- Sheet steel shovel
In our country, there are such winters that often the owners of individual households are faced with the difficulty of removing a huge amount of snow. Usually this problem was solved by means of ordinary shovels and all kinds of home-made devices. At the moment, when most farms have motor cultivators available that can be equipped with various types of attachments, snow cleaning, garbage collection and other work has become much easier. In this article, we will look at how to create a do-it-yourself blade for a tiller..
Sheet steel shovel
Some craftsmen prefer to use new material, rather than used elements. So you can assemble a homemade blade from an iron sheet with a thickness of 3 mm. To strengthen the device, you can use a steel strip with a thickness of at least 5 millimeters. Metal cutting is carried out according to the schemes. The blade itself contains 4 segments: front, bottom and 2 side. The assembled structure requires reinforcement. For this, components cut from metal with a thickness of 5 mm are welded vertically..
Then a rotary device is created. It is a lug with a hole for the axle. The eyelet is fixed by welding to the angle, which is attached to the shovel. The axle is fixed at one end of the pipe, and at the other end it is fixed to the chiller. The required degree of rotation is fixed with a cylindrical rod (dowel). 3 millimeters is a small thickness, which means you need to strengthen it. Cut a strip of 850x100x3 mm from a sheet with a thickness of 3 mm.
You can fix it with bolts, but you will need to first drill or weld the strip by welding.
To carry out the work you will need:
- sheet metal;
- angle grinder with discs;
- electric drill;
- set of drills;
- bolts with self-locking nuts (with plastic inserts);
- welder with electrodes;
- profile or round pipe.
If you have the necessary abilities, the job is not difficult. And the created device can be used not only in winter, but also in summer. Improve the site after the completion of construction and installation work, plan a site for a children’s sandbox, and the like. What type of construction to choose is to make a decision for you.
How to make a blade-blade for the tiller “Neva” MB-2, see the video below.
How to make a tiller blade from a barrel
An old metal barrel is a good material for a shovel. However, the thickness of the metal should be at least 2 mm, and preferably 3 mm. Thin sheet metal will simply bend from the load. To get the workpiece of the desired oval, the barrel is cut by an angle grinder lengthwise into three equal segments.
The next step is to measure the length of the workpiece, on which the width of the shovel will depend. If the barrel was about 1 m high, this will be sufficient. When low capacity is available, the length of one piece is short. The cut segments are welded together. The workpieces are overlapped, the joints are welded on both sides. For reinforcement along the seam, you can drill holes and put rivets.
If the segments cut from the barrel are small, they are welded together to obtain the desired shovel width.
So that the self-assembled dump for the tiller from the barrel cleans the snow well and does not scratch the pavement, the shovel is equipped with a knife. In its lower part, along the edge, a metal rail with a minimum thickness of 5 mm is fastened with rivets or bolts. Additionally, holes are drilled with a 100 mm pitch for bolts for fastening the conveyor belt strip. Rubber pad will prevent metal tires from scratching paving slabs or asphalt.
The next step is to make the frame of the hitch and the adjusting unit for turning the blade. First, the middle of the shovel is found along the height. In this place, a piece of a profile pipe with a cross section of 40 × 40 mm is welded to its entire length. In the center of the lintel, a semicircle is welded, a cut out angle grinder from metal with a thickness of 8 mm. Three holes are drilled in the plate: one in the center and two indented, so that the bucket turns sideways by 30 o.
From a profile pipe of a similar section, the frame of the trailer device itself is welded. The bracket is obtained in the form of the letter “L”. One side of it will be connected to the tiller, and the other is brought to the turning control unit. So that a homemade shovel on a snow tiller can be adjusted in height, an adjusting screw lever is adjusted. One side of it is attached to the L-shaped bracket, and the other is inserted into the hole in the profile pipe of the trailing device.
Attaching a homemade snow blade to the tiller
Typically, the dump weight does not exceed 20 kg. You can hang it on any tiller. Depending on the model of the unit, the manufacturer provides for the connection of the hitch to the front or rear. In the second version, the steering column of the tiller has the property of turning 180 °.
Each implement is equipped with a hitch to connect attachments. Sometimes it is adjustable and unregulated horizontally. The hitch also differs in configuration for each brand of tiller. Examples of the most common models are presented below on
If we talk about the lifting mechanism, then it can be manual and hydraulic. In the first embodiment, the adjustment is performed with a lever. The hydraulic lift is powered by a hydraulic pump.
Each tiller manufacturer describes in the instructions the nuances of installing attachments. Recommendations worth following.
Homemade tiller blade from a gas cylinder
Instead of a barrel, a gas cylinder will serve as a material for a shovel. The principle of making an attachment for a tiller is similar, but there are a number of nuances:
- If there are gas residues in the cylinder, it is vented by unscrewing the valve. However, no less dangerous condensation may still remain inside. The bronze valve is completely unscrewed with a key from the cylinder and, turning it over, the remaining liquid is drained.
Further work on assembling a snow plow on a tiller with your own hands is based on performing the same actions as with a barrel: making a knife, a frame and a swivel mechanism. The only difference is that the metal from the cylinder is thicker and stronger. The reinforcing lintel from the profile pipe does not need to be welded. Instead, holders for the frame are welded at an equal distance from the edges on the back of the blade. The connection of yo and the elements of the coupling device is made on bolts. The swivel shovel assembly can be positioned directly between the tiller hitch and the main blade frame.
How to make a do-it-yourself blade on a tiller
When making attachments yourself, you first need to carefully study its device. The presented photos, do-it-yourself moldboard drawings for the tiller give only a visual representation of the design. It is best to first consider the snow blower in reality. To do this, you can visit a retail outlet or ask to take measurements from the dump from a friend of the owner of the equipment. When this is not possible, you need to be prepared for the fact that during work errors may occur that will have to be corrected..
Benefits and working principle
The main advantage of mounted snowplow equipment is fast snow removal. The main load falls on the tiller, not the person. In a short time, the device makes it possible to clear a large area or a long section of the road from drifts.
If we consider a self-made self-made blade for a tiller assembled with your own hands, then another advantage is cost savings. Factory-made attachments are expensive. A homemade blade will be cheaper, even if you have to buy metal to assemble it.
If sheet metal, pipe or profile trims are available, snow removal equipment is free to manufacture
The working principle of attachments is simple. The dump is connected to the trailer hitch. The unit may differ depending on the brand of the unit. Select the position of the angle of rotation of the shovel. The operator starts the tiller engine, starts moving. As the wet snow sticks, the bucket is periodically cleaned to reduce the load on the motor. Since the optimal shovel width for most tillers is 1 m, a strip of the appropriate size will be cleared in one pass. If the bucket is installed at an angle, then the parameter will be slightly less.
When assembling a shovel blade for a tiller with your own hands, experts advise using sheet steel with a thickness of 3 mm. Thin sheet metal will bend under load. Thick metal will increase the weight of the attachment, which will create additional stress on the tiller engine.
Rubber on a knife is a must. It is fastened so that the edges step on the edge of the metal bus. With this arrangement, the rubber wears out less and prevents the steel knife from destroying hard pavement..
When cleaning snow drifts, anti-slip chains or lugs are put on the wheels of the tiller
with a tiller with a mounted blade, it is optimal to remove snow drifts with a thickness of more than 50 mm. If there is little snow, instead of a shovel, it is better to put another hinge – a brush. To prevent the wheels from slipping, wear anti-slip chains. When cleaning an area without a hard surface, instead of transport wheels, you can put metal devices – lugs.
During cleaning, do not bring the tiller engine to overheating. Periodically, he is given time to cool down. If the snow is wet, the shovel sticks quickly. It needs to be cleaned more often. In case of damage to the blade or hitch, work continues after the defect is eliminated. Otherwise, when some parts are bent, the entire hitch will be skewed, which will lead to serious damage..
Homemade blade (shovel) for the tiller, photos, drawings
A do-it-yourself dump for a tiller is made of rolled metal. To simplify the task, used gas cylinders or a thick-walled barrel are used as the material. The assembly principle is the same, but the workpieces cut by the angle grinder have a ready-made semicircular shape. To make a structure, you will need a welding machine and skills in working with it. Some parts can be bolted, but the main frame elements only need to be welded for maximum strength.
- Design features
- Benefits and working principle
- How to make a do-it-yourself blade on a tiller
- Do-it-yourself blade drawings for a tiller
- How to make a tiller blade from a barrel
- Homemade tiller blade from a gas cylinder
- How to make a sheet metal tiller snow shovel
- Attaching a homemade snow blade to the tiller
- Professional advice
How to make a sheet metal tiller snow shovel
When only sheet metal is available, the blade design will depend on the thickness and size of the sheet. The easiest way is to make a shovel from a single piece of rolled steel 3 mm thick, about 1 m long and 500-700 mm wide. The workpiece is given a slightly oval shape, do the same actions as with a barrel or cylinder.
The reinforcing frame of the blade is welded from a profile pipe
When only small pieces of sheet metal are available or about 2 mm thick, a reinforcing frame needs to be welded to make a snow shovel for the tiller. The material for its manufacture is a profile pipe. You will need 4 vertical bucket members. They are given an oval shape. This can be done on a machine or by cutting the pipe with an angle grinder in several places and welding them. Vertical elements are welded together with three horizontal bridges. Their length is equal to the width of the shovel.
When the moldboard frame is ready, the outside is sheathed with sheet steel. A knife from a metal tire and a conveyor belt is attached below. On the back side, the swivel assembly and the hitch are adjusted exactly as it was done in the example with a barrel or a cylinder..