Tedder for power tillers. offers on the market of mini-agricultural machinery. How to make their own hands?
Among farmers and gardeners, one of the topical issues is how to make a rake for a power tiller with their own hands. This is a device that is far superior to a cultivator in terms of performance and convenience.
A single-axle tractor will be useful not only to the farmer, but also to the owner of a small plot. This is quite expensive equipment. Therefore, many farmers are trying to make a rake for a power tiller with their own hands. You will need a little time and a few auxiliary components.
Characteristics of attachments for power tillers
Such a device is included in the category of attachments. Rake is attached to a single-axle tractor with an adapter. It is convenient because it allows you to use different equipment on one power tiller. Very often one or more types of rakes are already included. However, there are also such techniques, where the complete set does not include any attachments. These are a cheaper option. But it should be taken into account that the additions will either have to buy or make their own hands, using pre-prepared drawings.
Most power tillers have the option of raising or lowering the rake with a handle. This is convenient and allows for better quality work and cleaning of the device.
Regardless of whether it is a homemade rake for a power tiller or a purchased one, it must be durable. often than not manufacturers make such equipment of high-quality steel. It should have excellent anti-corrosion properties, since the rake will often come into contact with water. This is the version that will last a long time. Steel attachments do not bend or rust, so they can be used for more than 10 years. The service life of the implement very much depends on where it is stored. Any attachment must be kept dry. Rake must be washed and dried after use.
Rake types for your power tiller
Depending on how the machine is built and what you want to do with it (e.g. hay or leaves), there are the following types of rotary rakes:
You can buy these types of rakes in specialised stores. Some models can be used as snow blowers.
Rake for a power tiller can be made by yourself
Additional equipment for the Neva power tiller
These hay rakes have one important feature: a universal mounting adapter, which allows you to mount them on machinery from other manufacturers. Adjusting the working area allows you to increase the working part, which greatly increases productivity and reduces fuel consumption. Also the possibility of adjusting the width increases the efficiency of treatment of hard-to-reach areas on the site.
The rake has a spring base design, due to what their working part during the movement over the site is constantly changing its position to achieve maximum cleaning efficiency. In addition, the tines will not be damaged during contact with stones and other obstacles. The presence of additional control lever allows you to manually raise or lower the equipment, which greatly facilitates its maintenance and operation of special equipment.
How to make a rake on a tractor with their own hands video
I will tell you about my scooter Muravey 1984 model 5.403k and what I did with it from May 2009 to September 2009. What will be described below is not a finished work, the author is fully aware of all the flaws and has long started to fix them from scratch.
We suggest you read How to grow persimmons at home
So, I will not tell you in detail how I got it, I will only say that I bought it from my friend’s grandfather for 3 thousand, and in addition I got a second engine, which was lying in the body, and a second gearbox. differential. Grandpa took us for a ride on this scooter when we were under 5 years old. When we took this wonder out of the garage when it was still in my grandfather’s possession we understood that the 13 years spent under the leaky roof, among rabbits and chickens had been a long time.
There are several classifications of harrows. Let us mention the most important ones.
- heavy harrows. work the soil well enough. Penetrate to a depth of 10 cm, break up large lumps of soil;
- medium harrows. they till the soil to a depth of 8 cm;
- Light harrows. are used for seed burial, leveling of surface layer of soil. Capable of penetrating into the soil to a depth of up to 6 cm.
By the design of working elements harrows are distinguished:
- tooth harrows. the oldest and most common type. Made in the form of a grid of thin metal plates, to which various teeth are welded (straight, curved). A special modernized version of this type of harrow is the spring harrow for the mini-tractor;
- active. harrows that are attached to the PTO and work independently, without additional attachments;
- combined. which work together with other attachments (e.g., seeders).
You can make a homemade harrow quickly and easily according to this algorithm:
- Make the frame. Tubes and metal profile are suitable as blanks. Do not make the frame too big and massive, so as not to overload the mini-tractor.
- Fix a shaft in the center of the frame, and reinforce it with posts. Diameter is selected based on the size of the discs.
- The discs are attached to the shaft at a slight angle, at a distance of 5-7 cm from each other. The discs must be placed symmetrically. Diameter. at least 25 cm.
- It is also worth making small notches on the edges of the discs with an angle grinder to increase efficiency.
- metal tube (an old motorcycle frame is often used);
- brackets to attach the wheels;
- 4-8 mm thick spring steel wire for raking fingers
- steel sheets for making the impeller discs;
- 2 bearings in the hubs for each wheel;
- parts for making the linkage for attaching the tedder, made by your own hands, to the power unit.
For hubs it is best to use hubs from Zhiguli, because they have tapered bearings. This will increase the wear resistance and durability of the undercarriage. The above illustration shows the unit. It is necessary to be careful when creating the rotor, so that in case of a probable failure it would not cause a failure of the power plant, as well as not to harm the health of the person controlling the equipment.
optimal variant, when making a rotary assembly is to use the rear car axle. Properly assembled tedders allow to greatly facilitate the collection and tedding of dry plant mass, as well as its subsequent baling. Rotary rakes are notable for their gentle handling when assembling crops such as alfalfa. Using a tedder rake will minimize losses during haymaking.
Second and third installation steps. reinforcing the construction
Now let’s mount horizontal supports for rake and drawbar. To mount the uprights (stands), take two metal squares with a 25×25 mm profile width and about 1.2 m long. Mount them parallel to one another. If their length is different after installation, use an angle grinder to remove the excess. Then mount the drawbar. To install it properly we measure with a tape measure the distance from one to the other support, we divide it in half, it will be our center and here we weld the drawbar. As this construction you can use any thick-walled tube with minimum diameter of 30mm and length about 1.4-1.5m, it depends on mounting height and individual peculiarities of your technique.
Homemade single axle tractor
Attention! It is important to use exactly the thick-walled tube for the drawbar. Use of material with thin walls may cause breakage.
Net weight of the rake without axle, reinforcements, wheels, supports is about 15 kg, which puts a significant load on the whole structure. To prevent breakage and to make the machine more resistant to damage, you need two metal squares with a profile width of 15×15 mm. They are welded at the most vulnerable points. Mount the first parallel in the middle between the two stands, and then weld to it in the center of the push-pull prop, and its other end to the drawbar. The second reinforcement of the structure will be the drawbar. It is the one that is responsible for raising and lowering the rake of the power tiller. Don’t rush to weld it, you need to take care of other things before.
On sale, if you can find a rake, it is usually very bulky and inconvenient, or too expensive. That is why the best option for many people is to make a homemade rake for a power tiller out of improvised materials with their own hands. The main rake types are universal rakes and tedders.
A universal rake is most often used for tedding hay into a windrow. Their working width is between 115 and 200 cm. These are the most optimal dimensions for this design. Rake rakes are designed to rake and turn green or dry grass and straw. The working tool of such rakes looks like raking fingers on rods.
On the market, if you can find a rake, it tends to be either too big and awkward, or too expensive. Therefore, the best option for many remains to make a homemade rake for the motorblower from improvised materials with their own hands. The main types of rakes are universal rakes and tedders.
A universal rake is most often used for tedding hay. Their working width is 115-200 cm. These are the most optimal sizes for this design. Rake rakes are designed for raking and turning green or dry grass and straw. The working tool of such a rake looks like raking fingers on pins.
Single axle tractor and multi-purpose rake. what are they?
Field power tillers are small-sized mobile devices based on a single-axle chassis, designed to perform various agricultural tasks. This technique is suitable for working small plots, making it possible to avoid using a tractor or heavy physical work. As additional attachments and accessories can be used attachments, digging tools, moldboards, rakes.
Field single axle tractor
The main purpose of a universal rake is to remove green and dry grass from the fields, and cut hay. Optimal capture. 1,15-2 m. The working mechanism is a raking bars, rounded from the base to the end. The basic list of necessary constructions for making a self-made rake includes: wheels with diameter of 0,3-0,4 m, an axis in the form of a metal bar or pipe, bars with diameter of 0,6-0,8 cm for the operating mechanism, support pipes for mounting (0,3-0,4 m), a drawbar and springs. Additional parts can be used, depending on the complexity of the construction.
Rake for power tiller
In order to make life easier for gardeners, the manufacturers of power tillers supplement it with various attachments. However, not always all the most necessary is included in the set and it is necessary to invest in the purchase of a separate device. This also applies to rake tedders, which will be discussed today.
First, let’s understand what they are for. This device can level the overkoped vegetable garden, collect cut grass and hay, as well as clean the territory from weeds and debris.
The above work takes a lot of time and effort if done manually. Therefore, such an attachment as a rake to a power tiller is an indispensable helper. However, not everyone can afford to buy this device, and then there is another option, to make them yourself.
How to make a rake for a power tiller with your own hands and what you need for this?
Tools you can’t do without when making a rake:
- 1. A drill with good power;
- 2. Lacquer and chalk;
- 3. Profile pipe and wire;
- 4. Ruler;
- 5. Welding equipment;
- 6. Solidol;
- 7. Seeder.
The following will be an instruction with drawings for making a rake.
Farmers who make their own hands create attachments for power tillers, never regret their undertaking, as such equipment serves long and well. The main thing in this case, follow all the rules and do not deviate from the instructions. The drawing of the rake for the power tiller is shown below.
Work on creating the wheel axle
- Production of a metal wheel. We need a disc with a diameter of up to 40 cm. After you knock out the inner bearing, you can not take it out and place the same metal bar. Then wrap the strip around the disk and carefully weld. The result should be a wheel with a wide tread.
- Creating and mounting the axle. The rod is slipped into the wheels with a few centimeters left. It is very important that the locking ring is welded on the inside, and on the outside it is necessary to drill a hole for the cotter pin. The drill creates a seating place in the center of the rod. If there is no cotter pin, you can use an electrode with a diameter of 3 mm instead.
- Making a place on the axle to attach it to the frame. To make the homemade rake easy to use, make special fasteners for the frame out of metal. Namely two plates, located 10 cm from each wheel. Using welding equipment, we attach the metal strips to the axle according to the weight, so reinforcements should be installed.
Fit the drawbar and stanchions
- Installing the bevel supports. Weld several metal squares parallel to each other strictly along the axis. The difference in length can be removed with an angle grinder.
- Fixing the drawbar. Measuring the distance from foot to foot, we determine the center, where the drawbar will be located. You will need a pipe with a thick wall with a diameter of 3 cm. The height can be set as desired. Make sure that the pipe is thick-walled, because of the big load of the windrower.
- Drawbar hitch making. Here already all is done according to a wish of the master: to weld usual straight pipe or to bend it. It is important that the drawbar itself is properly secured.
Checking the reinforcement system
The average weight of an already made rake is about 15 kg. Therefore, in order to avoid unexpected breakage, it is necessary to fix the weak areas with 15×15 squares. This method of strengthening is suitable for rakes that are positioned in the middle, and after attaching them to each other in the center of the parallel reinforcement, weld a strut. The lowering and lifting arm is also the top reinforcement. That way, the rake will not fall over on its side.
Working on the rake’s bar
- Fixing the rake axle. We make a working grip on the device by cutting off 150 cm from the pipe. Then two pipes are welded horizontally to the struts, where the axle will be located. As a result, we get a tube that rotates in a circle in the bracing.
- Making the lug. The rod in this case should be welded to the upper corner of the pipe. Its other end will be located on the eccentric, touching the center of the drawbar. By applying light pressure on the handle, you can lower or raise the rake.
- Welding the springs. Springs can be bought or bent out of wire by yourself. Then they are welded to the angle or installed in a hole made with a drill. Photos of finished rakes can be seen below.
After the rake has been assembled, you need to lubricate all the rubbing parts with solidol. And then, over time, this procedure should be repeated to avoid breakage. Also you can watch the video “Rake for the power tiller Neva”.
How does the tedder work?
Rake tedders for power tillers are equipped with a special element for power takeoff or chain drive, which is needed to transfer rotation from the main motor to the rotary mechanism of this equipment. Five pairs of wheels can work at the same time, which allows you to cover a large area of the necessary type of work.
Thanks to the special construction with tine wheels along the rim, the farmer can pick up swaths of grass, turn them upside down, and gather them in a pile or rake everything behind him. This type of rake will allow a person to perform several different functions at once, thanks to the angle of the needle wheels. Combine tasks by changing the direction of torque.
The tedder works according to a certain principle
For example, when one side of the machine spins like clockwise and the other side spins the other way around, all the hay or straw will gather into a central track, making it easy to gather them into one pile later on. If the rake should serve as an ordinary tool, but with a larger width, the angle of the fence should be changed to 180 degrees. That way, the wheels will stand in one row and collect all garden debris from the surface. The principle of operation of the device is quite simple, which is why the rake on a single-axle tractor can be assembled by yourself according to the previously made scheme.
Rake Rake Rake
Grass dries faster and retains its useful properties if it is tedded or turned upside down. The simplest rake has straight tines, and the console is located at an angle to the windrows. The hay is lifted from one side and turned over to the other.
Practical and handy “sunshine” rakes for the power tiller are more difficult to make. They are designed to have each rake wheel rotate from the drive. This can be accomplished through chain or belt drives. As the discs rotate, the bent wires attached to them toss the grass. They not only turn it over, but also whip it up, increasing ventilation in the windrow itself.
Making homemade equipment for a power tiller, it is important to consider factors that will allow the equipment to work properly. You can not assemble the unit as a neighbor working on a tractor, and connect it to a power harvester. The parameters of machinery and attachments must be appropriate. So attention must be paid to the following points:
- Power of a power tiller. So, for the 4.5 L equipment. с. A load of 250 kg including the driver will be sufficient. the weight of the load to be carried on the trailer, the number of ploughs allowed, and so on.
- Size. A plot of land next to the house, even the biggest one, is still not a field. There are bound to be areas, therefore, where larger equipment cannot fit. Large (or conversely narrow) equipment is not always easy to handle. It may not fit between trees or may be too narrow for a bed. Such dimensions need to be taken into account beforehand.
- Provide a node for attaching equipment to the power tiller. It may be articulated, sleeved, bearing. It is necessary to choose it for your equipment.
- How to attach individual pieces of equipment to each other. Solid units can be connected by welding, rivets, bolts. The choice in this case depends on the availability of tools, time and abilities.
These are the basic issues that need to be thought through. But not the only. There will be many questions and nuances in the process of making a homemade for the power tiller, which will need to be carefully considered in order to make the right decision.
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Self-Made Steps for Moto-Block
Necessary hangers in the economy can include:
- For tillage. plows, tillers, rippers;
- for tending crops. hoeing tools;
- snow shovels;
- planters, planting aids.
Rake for power tiller
Self-made rakes for a power tiller are used for making hay for the livestock on a small farm. They are made with their own hands from narrow metal pipes and rods. To obtain a solid construction, the parts are assembled by welding.
Self-made rakes are folded for easy transport.
By constructing a rake yourself, you can make the width of the rake at your own discretion. The height of the swath can be adjusted. Rake bars make for collecting hay or grass clippings on a plot. In the second case, both the design width and the tine size can be reduced.
Homemade goosefoot hoes for the tiller
The goosefoot tillers help to loosen soil deeply and crush large clods of soil.
This device is a one-piece welded construction, so it is stronger and more durable than conventional tillers for a power tiller. Rake rake makes good work of hard soil for sowing potatoes. They can also be used for snow plowing.
Quality of plowing depends on the degree of sharpening of the self-made cutters. The soil becomes lush, rises by 5-10 cm, if the edges of the ploughshare are sharp. They crush large and small roots, destroy harmful bugs and wireworms, saturate the soil with oxygen.
Homemade “goose feet” for a standard input mount must be made with a diameter of 52 cm, grip. 1.25 m, the number of beams. 30 pieces. Each beam is bolted to a reel.
Even someone with minimal experience in metalwork can easily make a homemade plough for ploughing. Cutters are used to loosen soil that is already in use. The plow is used to till virgin and hard packed soil. It has a bigger safety margin. The plow is expensive, not every dacha owner can buy it, but you can try to make it with your own hands.
You will need a 4-5 mm thick plate and a pipe with the same wall thickness. Construction is mounted on a frame. The main element of the device is a sharpened plate, it must be cut with an angle grinder in the shape of the moldboard. The beam is shaped like an elongated flat trapezoid. Fasten the pipe and assemble the entire structure. It is attached to the tiller with a coupling.
In a separate article you can find a drawing of a plow for a power tiller.
This one is a little more complicated. A rounded feather is attached to the top of the homemade. Not only does it plow the land, but it also dumps the cut layer, which is sometimes necessary when cultivating virgin lands. The complex structure of a reversible plough requires that it be made by a professional plough builder, who can calculate the exact parameters of each part.
One of the varieties of such a design is the Zykov plow. To assemble your own hands will need a stand, with which it is hooked to the tiller, plow body with ploughshare, board for support and a curved blade for overturning layers. The plow blade is made of a 50 cm diameter pipe.
You can use a power tiller to level land plots for the construction of outbuildings. It can bulldoze sidewalks and trails from mud and snow drifts like a bulldozer. For making a self-made mouldboard, you need to take a sheet of metal 2 mm thick. For durability, plates of thicker metal are welded vertically inside the moldboard. they will not let the rear wall of the moldboard sag. You still need the bottom part of the shovel, it is lined with tin, so the bottom does not get stuck in the ground or snow. The bottom of the shovel is placed at right angles to the lower base.
DIY for power tillers with their own hands can be made from waste materials.
To make a homemade shovel, you will need a metal saw, a drill, and a welding machine. A 200-liter steel barrel is the right material. It should be cut along the height of the barrel into 3 parts and welded together the two outermost of them. The barrel metal is thick enough for the strength of the device.
Very popular and indispensable equipment for the garden is a homemade potato planter. It has a tuber expander with a hole at the bottom and discs for burying them in the ground. The rear wheel on the inside must be closed with a plate to prevent the planting material from getting under the wheel of the power tiller. The whole structure is mounted on a steel frame. The depth of its fixture is adjustable.
The hopper can be made of plywood or galvanised sheet metal. The wooden box can be painted with waterproof paint. To prevent damage to the tubers, the inside of the hopper is lined with rubber.
You may be interested in the harrow for power tiller with your own hands.
The planting device consists of a metal tube with a diameter of 10 cm, to which the furrow-cutting coulter is attached. Its height, and therefore the depth of the furrow, can be adjusted by moving it vertically.
The furrows are covered with discs, directed towards each other at an angle. They are moved by bearings. The width of the row is adjusted by loosening the pins of the stirrups and repositioning the discs. To avoid leaving traces on the ground from the planter’s wheels, the soil can be loosened with paddocks that are welded to the frame.
The seat of the homemade planter for the power tiller is attached to the metal base frame.
With the help of improvised materials you can assemble a handy tool for dip planted rows of vegetable crops. The main elements of the home-made hinge will be two metal lids from pots or disks of the same size. Their diameter is at least 50 cm. Edges of caps or metal disks need to be ground like milling cutters. These are the main parts of the rake. The flat covers are rounded inward with a hammer.
Read more in the article about homemade planters for the power tiller.
The discs that gather the earth into a roll around the stalks of potatoes or other crops, mount on a metal frame. To the bottom of it small wheels are welded for support. You need to mount the discs movably, so you can adjust the angle of inclination of the machining surfaces.
Making the rake bar. step by step instructions
Next we need to make the bar itself, which will be the location of the springs and attach it to the rod. It is necessary to check the process of lowering and raising the working element, to control the force on the ground. Let’s look at everything in detail.
First of all, let’s take a metal pipe 30 mm in diameter and cut exactly 1.5 meters. this will be our working tool grip. After that we are placing it on its place: to stands we are welding horizontally 2 tubes with length of 10-15 cm and diameter of 40 mm. inside them we are inserting axle. We have a tube, which freely rotates in a circle in the fixture. To make sure that the single-axle tractor rake will not run away to the side, on both sides of the tubes at 40 mm you need to weld locking rings or just pins. the force is small, it should easily withstand everything.
For this task we can use an ordinary metal angle or a 15 centimeter long tube. Let’s weld the rod to the upper corner of this tube, the second end of the rod will reach the middle of the drawbar and sit on the eccentric. Press the handle. the rake goes down, raise it. it goes into “standby” mode.
If you want to build a simple rake for a power tiller with your own hands without significant cost. you need to make quick-release elements. You can buy and screw on ready made springs, but it will be expensive and time consuming. It is much easier to buy 20 meters of 5-6 mm stainless wire and bend C-shaped elements from it. Weld them directly to the angle or insert them into a thick hole that can be drilled with a drill. The second option is a little dangerous, because the metal can spring and fly out of the seat when hitting a rock. you can take on a clamp or make the bottom mount under the corner to fly down.
Rake for power tiller is almost ready, now it remains to thoroughly lubricate everything with grease, especially those elements that have a friction. The first thing to pay attention to is the tube under which the C-pieces are fixed. it needs to be lubricated in places where it goes into the inserts 40 mm in diameter. Do not forget about the wheels. it is also better to lubricate them periodically, regardless of whether you leave bearings there or not.
If you do everything correctly and go through your own scrap metal in the yard, it will be very cheap to make a rake on a single-axle tractor with your own hands, no more than 2 thousand, which you will spend to buy axles and old wheels from a grain seeder.
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