How to make a sander with your own hands

The fundamental structure of the grinding machine

Without thorough knowledge of the construction of grinding machines, it is impossible to assemble a high-quality device with your own hands. Before moving on to the structure, let’s get acquainted with the most common types of grinders:

  • Corner. Simply put, an angle grinder. Discs are consumables. Grinding wheels are intended for surface grinding. The pressure is adjusted manually.
  • Tape. Surface treatment is done with a sanding belt. Suitable for work on flat surfaces only.
  • Delta sander. For processing products with a curved structure.
  • Vibrating. Ideal for finishing smooth surfaces.

In addition to the above, there are several more devices that are less common:

  • straight;
  • polishing;
  • eccentric.

make, sander, hands

  • Drive unit. The performance of the device depends on its power. In devices assembled by hand, an electric drive is used, however, there are pneumatic homemade products powered by a compressor.
  • Reducer. Transfers the torque from the drive to the working tool. The basic part of the gearbox is the spindle.

The gearbox is an integral part of tools such as an angle grinder or drill. Some models, especially self-assembled ones, do without it.

  • Working platform. An abrasive material is attached to it. For this you can use circles, tapes, discs.
  • Housing. Protects the structure from mechanical damage and dust, so many factory models are equipped with dust collection systems. The materials used to make the device with your own hands, as a rule, are not able to compete with high-quality polymers that are used in the production of professional tools.
  • Control system. Includes power off as well as abrasive speed control.

3 ways to make your own sander

Homemade grinders: features and purpose. Types of grinding machines. General design of devices. Features of modernization of the angle grinder. Drill grinder: DIY step-by-step assembly. Homemade device from a computer hard drive.

There are many uses for the homemade sander in the household. We are talking not only about a private house or a personal plot, but also about housing in an apartment building. It can be used to process any surface. The degree of cleaning depends on the type and used abrasive materials. Unlike industrial models, a self-assembled device will favorably differ in cost, since the design budget will depend only on the master. With locksmith skills and basic knowledge in electrical business, you can easily assemble the device yourself.

Homemade designs options

Consider a few hand-made devices. Perhaps one of them is right for you.

Making a grinder from a drill

  • metal rods with and without thread;
  • profile pipe;
  • plywood;
  • steel sheet;
  • bearings;
  • hardware;
  • wood glue.

You should take care of the availability of plumbing tools, an inverter and devices for sawing metal.

Stages of work:

    Manufacturing of pulleys. The drive and driven pulleys are designed to transfer torque from the drill to the grinder. They are made from plywood.

For small and precise jobs, it is better to purchase compact drum or cymbal attachments, depending on the type of work.

Do-it-yourself angle grinder

As the name suggests, the angle grinder is designed for grinding. Scraping discs successfully cope with rough work: removing old paint, removing metal deposits or traces of corrosion. For finer cleaning, special attachments made of emery sheets of various grain sizes are sold.

Models for household use work in one mode, and the number of revolutions reaches 15 thousand per minute with an average of 11 thousand. This speed is great for sawing materials, but great for sanding work.

The angle grinder motor has excess power. For polishing, 300-400 W will be enough.

A grinder from an angle grinder will have a lot of weight compared to the factory tool, but it is possible to adapt the homemade product for yourself, which will increase the comfort when grinding.

If you do not want to use attachments, you can adjust the number of engine revolutions. Self-modernization of the circuit will require specialized knowledge in electrical engineering.

On professional devices, you can set the number of revolutions manually, however, their cost starts from 200.

Homemade sander from a computer hard drive

  • We open the case and remove all the elements located next to the magnetic disk.
  • Cut out a circle from sandpaper of the desired grain size to fit the top of the drive.
  • Using double-sided tape, we fix the paper on the surface of the disk.
  • We make a casing that protects against dust or abrasive grain.
  • To start the design, the hard drive must be connected to the computer’s power supply.

Such a hand-made device will allow you to perform minor work, such as grinding contacts, sharpening files or tweezers. The rotation speed depends on the factory settings. Average. 7200 rpm.

A hand-made sander will not have the attractive appearance of a factory tool, however, good performance and low assembly costs compensate for this disadvantage.

Have you tried assembling a sander with your own hands? What was used as a drive? Share your invention experience in the comments.

How to create decorative pillows for a sofa with painting

In our article, 10 of the best things you can do for your home with your own hands. we have already given a simple method for painting pillows and a method with an ombre effect. Today Dekorin introduces you to stunningly stylish pillows that have been dyed with. ice.

What does that require:

  • White fabric (such as cotton or linen);
  • Metal grate (can be used from the oven);
  • Sink or large container that fits the wire rack;
  • Powder dye for fabric;
  • Ice cubes;
  • Rubber gloves.

First of all, the fabric should be thoroughly moistened with water and laid out on a wire rack installed over a sink or other existing container. It is not at all necessary to spread the fabric evenly over the surface of the lattice, but on the contrary, it is better to crumple it so that the pattern turns out to be heterogeneous. Do you want to make several pillowcases at the same time? Feel free to dump them in a wet pile! Then ice is laid out on top of the fabric and sprinkled with powder dye.

That’s all! It remains to wait until the ice completely melts, after which the finished pillowcase for the pillow will need to be thoroughly rinsed in cool water, dried and ironed. How do you like the result?

We make knitted pillows on the sofa with knitting needles and crochet

If you know how to knit, why not try knitting or crocheting a pillow on the sofa? Below we offer you 10 photos of beautiful knitted pillows that will look great in both modern and rustic interior styles.

Also read: Festive knitted crafts for the New Year

And if you do not have knitting skills or want to quickly decorate your sofa in the living room with decorative pillows, then you can use an old knitted sweater and sew pillows with your own hands, following the step-by-step instructions below.

35 DIY Cushions Ideas

Every woman in her soul is a craftswoman-needlewoman, striving to create coziness and beauty in the family nest with her own hands. A good way to refresh the interior and give it originality is to make sofa cushions with your own hands, which will not only serve as decoration, but also make your stay in the living room more comfortable. Or maybe they even become the subject of fun pillow fights? In any case, creating a sofa cushion will not take much of your energy, but it will give you joy from the end result and admiration that your household and guests will reward you with. In this article, you will learn the best ways to make decorative pillows for a sofa with your own hands, and see inspiring photos.

How to make do-it-yourself cushions

  • Painting old pillowcases and hand painting with different effects;
  • Sewing of cushions (from new fabrics, from old clothes, creating appliques);
  • Knitting a pillow on a sofa using a crochet hook or knitting needles;
  • Decorating pillows with embroidery, buttons, pieces of fabric

We have tried to collect for you here photos of the most stylish ideas that have been brought to life with our own hands. Take the best for yourself!

We sew pillowcases for cushions with our own hands

Also read: Modern home decor. 6 trends for home decor Also read: Cozy autumn interior. the best decor and decoration ideas Finally, useful patterns to sew beautiful pillowcases on sofa cushions:

We hope that our article has given you at least a little inspiration for creativity. Create beauty with your own hands, because it is so very interesting and exciting!

From paper

A paper garland is made quite simply, it can be made for a child’s birthday or just decorate a room for a holiday. It is not difficult to make the brightest and most spectacular garlands made of paper. the instructions will help you to cope in literally a matter of minutes.

We make a garland of flowers with our own hands.

We make beautiful and festive garlands ourselves

Just recently I read a master class on how to make New Year’s garlands, and adapted it for the summer holidays, and now I want to share with you and tell you how to make a garland out of paper or other scrap materials.

Funny roses

Another garland of paper flowers. this time it’s stylized roses. Making such a flower garland out of paper with your own hands is quite simple. draw it yourself or print templates for cutting, and circle them on any paper (by the way, you can use paper with a pattern).

Make a lot of roses. you need to cut out a spiral, and then glue the original rose from it. When there are enough flowers, we string roses on a rope, and a paper garland with our own hands for a wedding or birthday is ready!

Or you can cut a spiral with a wave, you get this kind of flower:

Print template (click on the picture to enlarge and download):

Stylized flowers

We cut out blanks for future flowers from colored paper. a semicircle with markings for the petals. Better to use bright colors and double-sided colored paper.

We collect flowers. we glue the cones and collect the buds. Three blanks should form one flower.

Cut out a spiral from green paper. it will be the basis for our garland. We straighten the base and glue the flowers at approximately the same distance.

You can decorate a garland of paper flowers with glitter.

From felt

It is very easy to make a garland out of felt with your own hands.

For this we need:

  • colored felt (it is better to take pure shades);
  • lace, ribbon or braid;
  • sharp scissors;
  • sewing machine (or thread with a needle).

DIY felt garland is done like this:

We cut out the elements of the future garland. these can be geometric shapes and simple symbols.

We sew a garland of flags with our own hands or using a sewing machine.

Sew a ribbon on both sides. the birthday garland is ready!

How to make?

When all the constituent parts are prepared, you can start directly to work. First you need to make a bracket for an angle grinder. It serves to securely hold the tool. The bracket is made of steel plates. They must be firmly clamped in a vice and bent into the shape of an angle grinder. Then the resulting sheets are welded to each other. In addition, adjusting bolts can be installed on the bracket, which will allow you to change the angle of the tool.

Then you can start making the driven wheels. In total, there are two of them in the design. This will require bearings and bolts. The bearings are bolted and secured with a nut. A rubber hose can be attached on top of it all for smoothness. Next, you need to make a work plane. The product will rest on it when working on a future belt sander. The working surface is made of steel plates that are welded together.

It is also necessary to well clean the seams from welding. Further, at the ends of the plane, holes are drilled in which the driven wheels are installed.

It is worth preparing the foundation for the entire structure. For her, you need a square pipe. Holes must be drilled in the pipe to hold the bracket and angle grinder. It is recommended to secure them with bolts and nuts. Then the work plane is attached. Everything is carefully welded. Next, you need to make the main drive wheel. A short rubber coated metal tube can be used for it. Such a pipe is firmly attached to the shaft of the angle grinder with a nut. Then, between the base and the bracket, a spring must be fastened, which will tighten the belt of the sanding belt.

Then you can install the sanding belt itself on the device. This device should be securely fixed at a convenient work place and you can start testing. It is imperative to tighten the belt so that it is centered on the drive and driven wheels.

It is also recommended to take proper care of the machine. With prolonged use, dust can accumulate on the belt and on the working parts, leading to early wear. Even specialized grinders with dust collectors are not immune to this problem. Therefore, all working parts must be accessible to clean them from the remnants of processed materials.

What is necessary?

So, before you start making a belt sander from an angle grinder, you need to prepare all the constituent materials and tools. For this you will need:

  • the angle grinder itself, which is the basis of the future apparatus;
  • bolts and nuts;
  • Sheet steel;
  • springs;
  • square tubes.

Among the tools you will need:

  • a vice, on which most of the operations for the manufacture of a grinder will be carried out;
  • drill;
  • hammer;
  • welding;
  • set of wrenches;
  • roulette.

Features of the

What you need to know about a belt sander before making it yourself? There are several important criteria that affect the performance and quality of the machine. The main one is power. After all, it is the main component of a homemade car. Devices with high power and high speed are suitable for intensive stripping of any materials. But the medium speed is useful for surface grinding. An angle grinder with a speed controller will be considered a universal option. In this case, you can independently adjust the rotation speed depending on the degree of processing.

You should also take into account the width of the future sanding belt. Depending on it, the dimensions of the driving and driven wheels of the home-made apparatus should be selected. Many tapes are 100 mm wide, but 75 mm wide tapes will also fit for small household needs. And don’t forget about safety. This also applies to the manufacture and use of the device. Welding will be used in the manufacture. Therefore, it is worth working strictly in a protective mask.

It is recommended not to keep any flammable objects or flammable liquids nearby. The homemade device itself is powered by the mains. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid high levels of moisture and monitor the insulation of the wires.

Making a belt sander from an angle grinder

  • Features of the
  • What is necessary?
  • How to make?
  • How to choose a ribbon?

Sometimes a belt sander is badly needed on the farm. This is an extremely useful tool thanks to which you can sharpen or grind any materials. You can make this machine yourself from an ordinary angle grinder. Such a tool is usually present in every home workshop, and the cost of a small angle grinder is very low.

How to choose a ribbon?

Sanding belt is one of the main components of a homemade sander. The main indicator of the quality of the sanding belt is the size of the abrasive grains. They are responsible for the quality of the grinding of the material. Belts can be coarse, medium and fine. By themselves, abrasive grains are artificial minerals with a high degree of hardness. Also, the tape material should not be overly rigid. Such tapes are often prone to breakage. You can also use rolls of regular sandpaper for a homemade sander.

So, you can make a belt sander from an angle grinder without any problems and pretty quickly with your own hands. And given the cost of ready-made grinding machines, making it independently is a rather relevant and reasonable solution.

For information on how to make a belt sander from an angle grinder, see the video below.

How to arrange a chimney on your own?

Let’s consider how to make a chimney on a pipe with your own hands using the simplest examples. Even a person who has never dealt with the manufacture of metal products can make such chimneys with his own hands.

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Chimney roof shapes

It is enough to carefully look at the roofs of houses in some village or suburban settlement to make sure that human fantasy is inexhaustible for various inventions. Chimneys are decorated with chimneys of various shapes, and some craftsmen adapt holey iron pots, kettles, buckets and even milk flasks instead.

If you want to make a real beautiful chimney with your own hands, you will be interested to know what shape it can be given. There are the following forms of chimney roofs:

  • Tent.
  • Vaulted (semi-cylindrical).
  • Gable.
  • Four-slope (hip).
  • Quadruple.
  • Hairpin.
  • Flat, etc.

In the photos below you can see some of the options listed.

Hip roof chimney

Chimney with four-gable roof

Materials (edit)

The materials for the manufacture of chimneys are most often galvanized or stainless steel, sheet copper. They can be polymer coated in various shades to protect against corrosion.

For reference: if your stove or fireplace is fired with wood, it makes no sense to install a painted chimney on the pipe. It will quickly lose color, covered with soot and soot.

Vaulted chimney

To make such a chimney with your own hands, you need only five simple parts: a rectangular sheet of metal bent by an arc and four racks.

The scheme of making a chimney with a vaulted roof

  • Cut a rectangle out of sheet metal such that, when bent in an arc, it overlaps the chimney opening with a large margin.
  • If you want to decorate the chimney, then make cuts of the same length and at the same distance from each other on two opposite edges of the rectangle, holding the scissors slightly obliquely to make trapezoidal elements.
  • Prepare four uprights from angle steel or multiple layers of roofing steel. Bend them as shown in the figure and drill the mounting holes at the ends.
  • Fasten the uprights with rivets at the corners of the metal rectangle.

Attention! Make sure that the distance between the pairs of racks is no more than the lumen of the pipe, otherwise you will not be able to correctly install the chimney.

How to make a chimney. pipe protection?

To prevent precipitation from falling into the chimney, so that it does not collapse with ice, it must be protected by a chimney. Tinsmiths can make a chimney on a pipe of the most bizarre shapes, sometimes a weather vane is installed on the chimney, indicating the direction of the wind. But you can make a chimney of a simple design on a chimney made of metal or brick with your own hands.

Since ancient times, chimneys have protected the chimneys of houses, they have not lost their relevance today. If wood-burning stoves in houses are rare today, then almost every country house has a fireplace, the exhaust pipe of which must be protected from precipitation, birds, autumn foliage and other foreign objects.

All other pipes going to the roof need the same protection: ventilation and chimneys of gas heating appliances. In addition to the protective and decorative function, chimneys are able to perform one more: they improve the circulation of hot air in fireplaces and stoves. Let’s figure out how to make a chimney on a pipe with our own hands.

Design features

Regardless of the shape, chimneys are often equipped with additional structural elements.

    Vane. It is both a decorative element and a wind direction indicator. Often, a weather vane is connected to a damper that covers the chimney from the wind and provides a free exit of smoke from the leeward side. Thus, the weather vane increases the furnace draft and ensures efficient smoke removal. The weather vane is made exclusively of metal. In order for the weather vane to rotate freely, bearings are included in the design, which will have to be periodically lubricated.

Chimney with weather vane

Smoke box with protective mesh

Tent chimney

A chimney with a hipped roof is a pyramid consisting of four identical isosceles triangles, it is easy to make it with your own hands. The steepness of the roof slopes depends on the size of the base of the triangles. the smaller they are, the steeper the slopes will turn out.

Attention! To do everything right, first make a drawing of the chimney (scan) on a large sheet of cardboard or paper. Cut out the model, bend it diagonally (OK, OL, OM) and try it on to the chimney. Based on the fitting data, increase or decrease the size of the base of the triangle (CL).

The scheme of making a chimney with a hipped roof

  • Transfer the finished reamer to a sheet of metal, not forgetting to leave the edges along the edges.
  • Cut the workpiece with metal scissors.
  • Put the reamer on the workbench and pierce the edges with OK, OL and OM with a mallet.
  • Bend the edges along the edges of the workpiece and pierce them. To make the structure more durable and rigid, wire can be rolled into the edge (see figure).
  • Connect the edges of the reamer with a simple fold. The picture shows how to do this: first bend the edges so that they are perpendicular to the base plane and parallel to each other. Then fold the higher edge (12 mm) over the short one (6 mm). Proceed the fold so that it is in the same plane with one of the edges of the chimney.
  • Prepare four metal racks and rivet them to each chimney roof slope.
  • Fix the chimney in the pipe with metal pins.

Types of chimneys

Chimneys may differ from each other by the shape of the roof, the material of manufacture, the presence of additional structural elements. Therefore, before starting to do the work with your own hands, you should get acquainted with their varieties.

Making a belt sander with your own hands

It is not at all difficult to make a belt sander yourself, you must complete the following steps:

  • select suitable materials and parts;
  • make a reliable basis for fixing the tool;
  • install a suitable countertop;
  • fix the vertical struts with a tensioner and a drum;
  • mount the motor and drums;
  • fasten the sanding tape.

To process fairly large parts and elements, it is necessary to make a large copy of a serial grinder. For example, if you take an electric motor with a power of 2 kW or more powerful with a rotor speed of 1500 rpm, then the gearbox can be omitted. The power of such an engine is quite enough to rotate a drum about 20 cm in diameter and process parts about 2 m.

You can also use an electric motor from an old washing machine. In this case, the frame is made of a thick sheet of iron, preparing a place for installing the motor and carefully fixing it with bolts to eliminate vibration. The design of such a machine consists of 2 drums, and one of them is fixed, and the second can be pulled and rotated on bearings around an axis. It is advisable to make the base for the machine from metal or several sheets of thick plywood. The drums are made on a lathe from chipboard. The tape is cut from sandpaper sheets with a width of about 20 cm and fixed on the bed. The larger the table size, the larger the parts can be stacked and processed in the future. Drawings of finished products can be found online.

Making a grinder from a drill

To turn an ordinary household electric drill into a grinder, you need to equip it with a special attachment. a working drum or a special support plate, depending on the task.

The backing or sanding pad is a plastic or rubber base with sandpaper glued on and a shank for clamping into a drill chuck. Trays with a flexible shaft are suitable for working with a loose drill, and with a rigid one it is better to use only for a well-mounted drill.

Grinding drums for household drills are structurally an ordinary cylinder, a shank and sandpaper glued to the cylinder. When using drums, the working surface of the grinder is parallel to the axis of rotation.

Making an orbital sander

Currently, making an orbital machine with your own hands is possible only from a broken orbital machine. This is due to the complex device for rotating the working disk, which is quite problematic to repeat on your own. It should also be borne in mind that a machine made by a specialized company will not cost too much, and it will be very difficult and time-consuming to make it yourself.

Existing types of grinders

The industry produces several types of machines that differ both structurally and in purpose. Here are the main ones:

  • Eccentric or orbital, in this case the sole of the instrument simultaneously rotates around its axis and in a certain orbit. It turns out that each time it passes a little in a different place, so scratches and burrs are rubbed with each pass more and more.
  • Vibration model. Here, the work sole performs reciprocating movements with a frequency of about 20,000 movements per minute. It is due to these movements that grinding occurs.
  • Angle grinder, which is popularly called “angle grinder”. With the help of this tool, rough processing of parts, large logs, etc. is carried out. Abrasive wheels of the required grain size are used for processing.
  • Belt sander that is usually used for working on large surfaces. Structurally, it consists of rollers driven by an electric motor, on which an emery tape is put on.

We make a grinder from an angle grinder

Many might say that an “angle grinder” is an angle grinder, but there are some subtleties hidden here. It should be borne in mind that the angle grinder has a very high speed and is often quite a decent weight. To polish the surface of an angle grinder, you must have considerable experience in this matter and use special polishing discs and wheels. The sander has a much lower engine speed and weight. To work with a factory grinder, no specific experience and dexterity is required.

It is possible to independently make a good grinder out of an angle grinder, which is not inferior in its parameters to a factory machine, only by modifying its electrical circuit, by mounting the regulator at lower speeds and by using special grinding nozzles.

How to make a sander

When work with a wooden surface comes to an end, the stage of finishing sanding begins. To perform grinding without burrs, scratches, beautifully round off sharp corners of any part, you need to use a wood sander. This tool will help to perform professional grinding, even for a beginner who first took the device in his hands. If you wish, you can make a grinder yourself, using only available tools.

We make a grinder from a computer hard drive

Any old hard drive can be converted into a miniature sander. To do this, follow these steps:

  • completely disassemble the hard drive and remove from the case everything that is located to the left of the magnetic disks;
  • cut out the working circle from sandpaper, make a hole for the spindle in the center of the circle;
  • stick several strips of double-sided tape on the rotating disk of the hard drive and fix sandpaper on it;
  • make a protective screen that protects the eyes from the possible departure of the manufactured emery disc;
  • connect the finished structure to the power supply from the computer and use.

Of course, this design does not have high power, but it is quite possible to sharpen a small knife or scissors.

We make a grinder from an angle grinder

Many might say that an “angle grinder” is an angle grinder, but there are some subtleties hidden here. It should be borne in mind that the angle grinder has a very high speed and is often quite a decent weight. To polish the surface of an angle grinder, you must have considerable experience in this matter and use special polishing discs and wheels. The sander has a much lower engine speed and weight. To work with a factory grinder, no specific experience and dexterity is required.

It is possible to independently make a good grinder out of an angle grinder, which is not inferior in its parameters to a factory machine, only by modifying its electrical circuit, by mounting the regulator at lower speeds and by using special grinding nozzles.

Making a grinder from a drill

To turn an ordinary household electric drill into a grinder, you need to equip it with a special attachment. a working drum or a special support plate, depending on the task.

The backing or sanding pad is a plastic or rubber base with sandpaper glued on and a shank for clamping into a drill chuck. Trays with a flexible shaft are suitable for working with a loose drill, and with a rigid one it is better to use only for a well-mounted drill.

Grinding drums for household drills are structurally an ordinary cylinder, a shank and sandpaper glued to the cylinder. When using drums, the working surface of the grinder is parallel to the axis of rotation.

Existing types of grinders

The industry produces several types of machines that differ both structurally and in purpose. Here are the main ones:

  • Eccentric or orbital, in this case the sole of the instrument simultaneously rotates around its axis and in a certain orbit. It turns out that each time it passes a little in a different place, so scratches and burrs are rubbed with each pass more and more.
  • Vibration model. Here, the work sole performs reciprocating movements with a frequency of about 20,000 movements per minute. It is due to these movements that grinding occurs.
  • Angle grinder, which is popularly called “angle grinder”. With the help of this tool, rough processing of parts, large logs, etc. is carried out. Abrasive wheels of the required grain size are used for processing.
  • Belt sander that is usually used for working on large surfaces. Structurally, it consists of rollers driven by an electric motor, on which an emery tape is put on.

How to make a sander

When work with a wooden surface comes to an end, the stage of finishing sanding begins. To perform grinding without burrs, scratches, beautifully round off sharp corners of any part, you need to use a wood sander. This tool will help to perform professional grinding, even for a beginner who first took the device in his hands. If you wish, you can make a grinder yourself, using only available tools.

Making an orbital sander

Currently, making an orbital machine with your own hands is possible only from a broken orbital machine. This is due to the complex device for rotating the working disk, which is quite problematic to repeat on your own. It should also be borne in mind that a machine made by a specialized company will not cost too much, and it will be very difficult and time-consuming to make it yourself.

Making a belt sander with your own hands

It is not at all difficult to make a belt sander yourself, you must complete the following steps:

  • select suitable materials and parts;
  • make a reliable basis for fixing the tool;
  • install a suitable countertop;
  • fix the vertical struts with a tensioner and a drum;
  • mount the motor and drums;
  • fasten the sanding tape.

To process fairly large parts and elements, it is necessary to make a large copy of a serial grinder. For example, if you take an electric motor with a power of 2 kW or more powerful with a rotor speed of 1500 rpm, then the gearbox can be omitted. The power of such an engine is quite enough to rotate a drum about 20 cm in diameter and process parts about 2 m.

You can also use an electric motor from an old washing machine. In this case, the frame is made of a thick sheet of iron, preparing a place for installing the motor and carefully fixing it with bolts to eliminate vibration. The design of such a machine consists of 2 drums, and one of them is fixed, and the second can be pulled and rotated on bearings around an axis. It is advisable to make the base for the machine from metal or several sheets of thick plywood. The drums are made on a lathe from chipboard. The tape is cut from sandpaper sheets with a width of about 20 cm and fixed on the bed. The larger the table size, the larger the parts can be stacked and processed in the future. Drawings of finished products can be found online.

We make a grinder from a computer hard drive

Any old hard drive can be converted into a miniature sander. To do this, follow these steps:

  • completely disassemble the hard drive and remove from the case everything that is located to the left of the magnetic disks;
  • cut out the working circle from sandpaper, make a hole for the spindle in the center of the circle;
  • stick several strips of double-sided tape on the rotating disk of the hard drive and fix sandpaper on it;
  • make a protective screen that protects the eyes from the possible departure of the manufactured emery disc;
  • connect the finished structure to the power supply from the computer and use.
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Of course, this design does not have high power, but it is quite possible to sharpen a small knife or scissors.

Making a grinder from a drill

To turn an ordinary household electric drill into a grinder, you need to equip it with a special attachment. a working drum or a special support plate, depending on the task.

The backing or sanding pad is a plastic or rubber base with sandpaper glued on and a shank for clamping into a drill chuck. Trays with a flexible shaft are suitable for working with a loose drill, and with a rigid one it is better to use only for a well-mounted drill.

Grinding drums for household drills are structurally an ordinary cylinder, a shank and sandpaper glued to the cylinder. When using drums, the working surface of the grinder is parallel to the axis of rotation.

Making an orbital sander

Currently, making an orbital machine with your own hands is possible only from a broken orbital machine. This is due to the complex device for rotating the working disk, which is quite problematic to repeat on your own. It should also be borne in mind that a machine made by a specialized company will not cost too much, and it will be very difficult and time-consuming to make it yourself.

How to make a sander

When work with a wooden surface comes to an end, the stage of finishing sanding begins. To perform grinding without burrs, scratches, beautifully round off sharp corners of any part, you need to use a wood sander. This tool will help to perform professional grinding, even for a beginner who first took the device in his hands. If you wish, you can make a grinder yourself, using only available tools.

We make a grinder from an angle grinder

Many might say that an “angle grinder” is an angle grinder, but there are some subtleties hidden here. It should be borne in mind that the angle grinder has a very high speed and is often quite a decent weight. To polish the surface of an angle grinder, you must have considerable experience in this matter and use special polishing discs and wheels. The sander has a much lower engine speed and weight. To work with a factory grinder, no specific experience and dexterity is required.

It is possible to independently make a good grinder out of an angle grinder, which is not inferior in its parameters to a factory machine, only by modifying its electrical circuit, by mounting the regulator at lower speeds and by using special grinding nozzles.

Making a belt sander with your own hands

It is not at all difficult to make a belt sander yourself, you must complete the following steps:

  • select suitable materials and parts;
  • make a reliable basis for fixing the tool;
  • install a suitable countertop;
  • fix the vertical struts with a tensioner and a drum;
  • mount the motor and drums;
  • fasten the sanding tape.

To process fairly large parts and elements, it is necessary to make a large copy of a serial grinder. For example, if you take an electric motor with a power of 2 kW or more powerful with a rotor speed of 1500 rpm, then the gearbox can be omitted. The power of such an engine is quite enough to rotate a drum about 20 cm in diameter and process parts about 2 m.

You can also use an electric motor from an old washing machine. In this case, the frame is made of a thick sheet of iron, preparing a place for installing the motor and carefully fixing it with bolts to eliminate vibration. The design of such a machine consists of 2 drums, and one of them is fixed, and the second can be pulled and rotated on bearings around an axis. It is advisable to make the base for the machine from metal or several sheets of thick plywood. The drums are made on a lathe from chipboard. The tape is cut from sandpaper sheets with a width of about 20 cm and fixed on the bed. The larger the table size, the larger the parts can be stacked and processed in the future. Drawings of finished products can be found online.

Existing types of grinders

The industry produces several types of machines that differ both structurally and in purpose. Here are the main ones:

  • Eccentric or orbital, in this case the sole of the instrument simultaneously rotates around its axis and in a certain orbit. It turns out that each time it passes a little in a different place, so scratches and burrs are rubbed with each pass more and more.
  • Vibration model. Here, the work sole performs reciprocating movements with a frequency of about 20,000 movements per minute. It is due to these movements that grinding occurs.
  • Angle grinder, which is popularly called “angle grinder”. With the help of this tool, rough processing of parts, large logs, etc. is carried out. Abrasive wheels of the required grain size are used for processing.
  • Belt sander that is usually used for working on large surfaces. Structurally, it consists of rollers driven by an electric motor, on which an emery tape is put on.

We make a grinder from a computer hard drive

Any old hard drive can be converted into a miniature sander. To do this, follow these steps:

  • completely disassemble the hard drive and remove from the case everything that is located to the left of the magnetic disks;
  • cut out the working circle from sandpaper, make a hole for the spindle in the center of the circle;
  • stick several strips of double-sided tape on the rotating disk of the hard drive and fix sandpaper on it;
  • make a protective screen that protects the eyes from the possible departure of the manufactured emery disc;
  • connect the finished structure to the power supply from the computer and use.

Of course, this design does not have high power, but it is quite possible to sharpen a small knife or scissors.

Do-it-yourself belt grinder for knife makers

This banding machine is very convenient to use, it quickly changes the belt. It is also reliable, there is practically nothing to break, such a powerful engine is difficult to overload. The machine is also easily assembled from available materials. The most important thing is to find the right engine for your DIY. So. Let’s consider in more detail how to assemble such a machine.

Materials and tools used by the author:

List of materials:
– motor 220V, 2 kW, 2800 rpm;
– square steel pipes;
– Sheet steel;
– wires;
– nuts and bolts;
– shock absorber (will work as a tensioner);
– finished wheels (or you can carve them yourself out of wood);
– paint.

Tool list:
– cutting machine or angle grinder;
– drilling machine;
– Angle Grinder;
– vice;
– welding machine;
– chisels, hammers, wrenches other.

Belt sander manufacturing process:

Step one. Base and stand
And as a base, we need thick sheet steel. The metal must be strong, since this is where we will mount the engine, as well as weld the rack. Choose a suitable piece of metal and mark it out. The author drills holes in the corners of the sheet, they are needed in order to screw the legs. You will need rubber feet, we fasten them with bolts and nuts, so our machine will not walk on the floor and will be confidently fixed.

Next, we prepare blanks for the manufacture of the rack. Our stand is telescopic, that is, it is a pipe of larger and smaller diameters, they fit into each other. We cut off the necessary pieces of pipe on a cutting machine or an angle grinder. Next, weld the wider pipe vertically to the base. The pipe must be welded evenly and as tightly as possible. We use corners to weld the pipe strictly vertically. That’s all, the rack is ready, let’s move on.

Step two. Adjustment unit
Making the adjusting unit is the longest in this homemade product. This node is needed in order to change the angle of the upper driven wheel. Thanks to this parameter, we center the belt on the wheels. This unit is made of steel plates, in more detail the assembly and operation of this unit is shown in the photo. There is nothing complicated in manufacturing, we cut blanks, drill holes, cut threads where required.

This adjuster is then assembled on a long steel plate that is welded horizontally to a thinner steel tube that slides out.

You will also need to install work planes on the frame, this is the table itself and the thrust platform. This is all made from sheet metal of a suitable thickness and should not be a problem.

As for the wheels, you can carve them yourself out of wood, plywood is suitable as a material, several layers must be glued to obtain the desired thickness. We grind wheels on a lathe or on an engine that you found for a grinder. We fix the driving wheel on the motor shaft, and the driven wheel rotates on the bearing.

Finally, fasten the engine with bolts and nuts, but before that it is recommended to paint the machine so that it looks beautiful and does not rust. That’s all, the car is ready, how everything works, look at the photo. The metal is processed very efficiently, the sparks fly thick, this indicates that the belt speed is sufficient. The belt is changed very easily, in just a few seconds. Simply push in our telescopic stand and put on the belt. Then it will remain with a slight movement of the hand to center the belt and the machine is ready for use.!

At this point, the project can be considered finished, I hope you liked the homemade product. Good luck and creative inspiration if you want to repeat this. Do not forget to share your homemade developments with us!

Homemade belt sander

Do-it-yourself wood sander

Grinding machines are represented by the following types:

  • eccentric or orbital;
  • vibrating;
  • corner;
  • tape.

When making a typewriter, you will need:

  • electric motor;
  • source of power.

The power unit must be taken from household appliances, for example, from a fan, the power supply is a computer, the battery is a household one. As a basis for the above elements, a wooden board is suitable, on which the battery with an electric motor should be fixed with screws. The “start” button must be attached to the base with self-tapping screws. Wire strands are secured with industrial stapler staples.
The working part of the tool is a grinding wheel, which you can purchase yourself. The abrasive disc will be driven by an electric motor using two bushings.
You can strengthen the design of the device if you take a motor from a washing machine as a motor. In addition to polishing discs, in this case, grinding and abrasives can be installed on the tool.

How to make a sander

You can make a simple typewriter from your PC’s hard drive. To do this, you will need the hard drive itself, an abrasive, a PC power supply. It will be designed to work with small details. When disassembling the disc, glue the abrasive onto the rotating surface. After that, the structure must be connected to the power supply unit (power supply), and then the entire structure must be fixed on the working surface of the table, equipped with a speed controller, a switch.

We make a belt sander with our own hands

When working with wood, the final stage of processing the material will be sanding. A sander will help you with this. There are many different models on the market, but if your budget is bursting at the seams, you can make such a machine yourself.

How to make a mini sander with your own hands

First, you need to find some Styrofoam to prepare the base for the device. After that, you need to cut a hole to install the switch in it. Then you will need electrical tape and a power source, for example, the famous Krona battery. We fasten the power battery (Kronu) to the foam base with electrical tape. We take the champagne cork and the handle rod. We cut the rod to the desired length, then put the handle rod on the cork with a blunt end and insert the tip of the rod into the hole for the motor shaft. After that, you need to cut a strip of abrasive tape with scissors to fit the size of the plug. After you have cut the tape, it should be glued around the cork around the circumference. This cork construction will be the working part of the machine. We carefully inspect all the wires and connect them with twists, insulate the connections with electrical tape. We are trying to launch the resulting device. Now you have your own mini car. Such a device is useful for performing simple small jobs for which an ordinary grinder would be too large and inconvenient. If you are an observant and patient, as well as a diligent person, making a sander with your own hands is not difficult at all. To do this, you only need dexterous hands and a little patience.

The widest free assortment

However, you can make original items using any suitable, improvised materials and devices that are at home. They can often be found in nature, in the forest.

The results are crafts made at home. They become decorative elements of home design or, for example, a summer cottage landscape.

You can supplement the tools at hand with craft materials such as epoxy for creativity and polymer clay. Such products retain their original shape for a long time and delight with their appearance.

Interest plus development

The benefits of independent work are enormous. It is not surprising that children are taught from an early age a love of independent creativity. And crafts play an important role.

As a result, many of them become not just decorative elements, but carry a useful, practical purpose. They give the child the opportunity to develop, learning the secrets of the world around him.

Children show interest in everything. Therefore, any material at hand will certainly cause them a storm of imagination and an immediate desire to do something with it.

Tree branches, fallen leaves, seashells and pebbles become interesting for children. A lot of interesting things are made from such materials.

What can be turned the most common objects

For example, consider the following handicrafts from improvised means:

Sea pebbles are stones polished by water. The surface of the pebble is covered with red paint, a thin black fishing line is carefully drawn in the middle, small dark dots made of fabric or paper are glued, beads are glued instead of eyes and the ladybug is ready.

    She can be placed in a flower pot or glued to it so that it seems that she wants to climb a flower.

    Plastic containers (bottles) are taken as blanks for original vases. The plastic is trimmed from above (the upper part is removed), leaving a wide throat. Sand or fine shavings are poured inside to a certain level. This makes the bottom heavier and makes the bottle stable.

    The outer walls are painted with paints, one or several colors. Children love to paint. Undoubtedly, it will be a bright palette.

    For such a vase, dry branches with a cotton imitation of willow are very suitable.

    Glass vases. DIY bottle crafts usually involve the use of plastic and glass.

      But glass is dangerous for small children, so do-it-yourself children’s crafts made from glass bottles are best trusted to be done by children when they are old enough.

      The procedure for making a decorative glass vase is simple. The surface of the walls is coated with plasticine. Then small “details” are attached to the coating. Such elements can be white and dark beans, large beads, dried watermelon seeds.

      You can advise the child to develop a specific drawing in advance to make it easier to create. Perhaps during the period of work, he will have his own ideas.

      New meeting with childhood

      Products made on their own have been called crafts for a long time. The word is familiar to many from childhood, as well as the occupation itself. Who does not remember how, as a child, he collected cones in the forest and made funny animals out of them. Or the same acorns. an excellent natural material that contributes to the development of children’s imagination.

      Read more:  How to Make a Network Out of a Cordless Screwdriver

      For the same purposes, colored plasticine, paper, plastic and glass bottles, and so on were used.

      Sometimes for adults, making beautiful DIY crafts is a kind of invisible thread connecting them with childhood.

      And today’s children, like mothers and fathers before, sculpt figures from plasticine, glue applications, assemble cardboard stands or photo frames.

      Parents themselves are ready to sit with their children with pleasure, observing and helping them in difficult moments. If there are any snags, the Internet usually comes to the rescue.

      In other cases, beautiful illustrated editions help, where photos of hand-made crafts are located and working stages are described.

      DIY crafts. the most interesting ideas and a master class for creating crafts from improvised means (105 photos and videos)

      Many people are engaged in needlework. Some people think that they have this temporary hobby, but for some it becomes a lifelong favorite hobby.

      Handicraft encompasses many activities. Embroidery, knitting, wood cutting, painting, modeling, other interesting work. Some are interesting for both men and women. The phrase means. work, do it yourself. In a word. create.

      Brief content of the article:

      • The widest free assortment
      • New meeting with childhood
      • Interest plus development
      • What can be turned the most common objects
      • Remember repair
      • Photo of DIY crafts

      Remember repair

      The house has been renovated, so it’s worth taking a look at the remnants of the building material. There are pieces of wooden plinth, trimmings of plywood or plasterboard sheets and other remains of construction products unsuitable for finishing work?

      You don’t have to throw everything in the trash. Some of them can be used as handy material. Real intelligent craftsmen do just that. Their skillful hands produce beautiful coasters for tablets and books, finishing boards, shelves and other things necessary in everyday life.

      Safety engineering

      • Use linen gloves to avoid splintering.
      • Wear safety goggles to keep sawdust out of your eyes.
      • The working tool (knife, saw) must be sharp. Remember that a blunt instrument can easily be injured, it does not fit well in the tree and strives to slip.
      • Check the health of the power tools.
      • Use the ladder when hanging the finished birdhouse.
      • If you want to paint your birdhouse, use a water-based, odorless paint that is not bright colors. Try to keep the birdhouse invisible to predators.

      DIY birdhouse

      At the moment, in big cities there are few hollow trees, and it is difficult for birds to find a house for themselves. Let’s help them and make a birdhouse with our own hands. Thus, we will save the birds from the cold. In this article we will look at: how to make a do-it-yourself birdhouse?

      What to make a birdhouse?

      The best material for making a birdhouse is natural hardwood, for example: oak, aspen, linden, birch. Fiberboard (fibreboard), chipboard (chipboard), and plywood are also suitable for a birdhouse. You can use thick cardboard, but such a birdhouse will only last a couple of months. Do not use coniferous wood, as it gives off a sticky resin and negatively affects the health of birds.

      Master class for making a birdhouse

      You will need: untreated hardwood boards, nails 4 cm long, impregnation or odorless non-toxic water-based paint (optional), a hacksaw or jigsaw, tape measure, hammer, pencil, drill with a 5 cm cutter, brush.

      • Check out the size of the birdhouse shown in the image and get to work.
      • Lay out the boards using a tape measure.
      • Cut the boards with a hacksaw or jigsaw.
      • Make a tap hole using a drill with a 5 cm cutter.
      • Pre-fill nails from the outer sides of the walls at the joints.
      • Install a perch under the hole using a drill.
      • Build a birdhouse consistently.
      • Paint and decorate the birdhouse (optional).
      • Hang the birdhouse at a height of 3 meters with a slight inclination forward so that moisture does not get inside.

      The bird house is ready! I recommend watching the video master class!

      Making a device with a grinding wheel

      The manufacturing principle is the same. It is also made from an old motor. It is installed on a work surface made of metal or wood. It is important to fix it as tightly as possible so that there is no vibration and loosening. An abrasive disc is attached to the shaft from the motor. The latter is easy to make, cut out of wood or metal and glue a layer or several layers of sandpaper on it. On the machine, it will be possible to grind not only wood, but also other materials, as well as edit knives, drills and similar tools.

      Instead of emery, you can use felt or a similar material, then the machine will perform the function of polishing.

      Such a small-sized machine is easy to make by taking a broken old hard drive from a computer and an old computer power supply. It’s very simple, the disc is disassembled, there is a rotating spindle, a grinding disc is mounted on it and connected to the power supply.

      When working with the machine, one should not forget about safety, the motor and open unsafe parts, rotating drums are covered with casings.

      6×48″ belt sander build

      Mains connection, open leads must be well insulated.

      When working with wood, the final stage of processing the material will be sanding. A sander will help you with this. There are many different models on the market, but if your budget is bursting at the seams, you can make such a machine yourself.

      Homemade belt sander

      How to make a sander

      You can make a simple typewriter from your PC’s hard drive. To do this, you will need the hard drive itself, an abrasive, a PC power supply. It will be designed to work with small details. When disassembling the disc, glue the abrasive onto the rotating surface. After that, the structure must be connected to the power supply unit (power supply), and then the entire structure must be fixed on the working surface of the table, equipped with a speed controller, a switch.

      The process of making grinder and machine tool independently

      • select and prepare the necessary parts and materials (described above);
      • make a stand for the machine, table, base, fix it;
      • mount a tabletop of the required length (the more, the more sizes of material can be processed);
      • vertical struts with a tensioner and a drum are mounted;
      • install the motor and drums;
      • install an emery tape.

      As an example, a conventional series production belt sander is taken. You can make such a device or the like if you have spare parts from broken power tools and readily available materials. In such a machine, the abrasive belt moves along the sole of the device with a rough plane outward.

      For grinding large parts, a grinding machine is made of sufficient overall dimensions, the principle of its operation is the same as for smaller devices. It can handle parts of about 2 m and larger.

      To assemble such a device, an electric motor with a power of approximately 2 kW or more is needed, the number of revolutions is 1500. You can do without a gearbox, since such a motor easily reaches speeds of 20-25 m / s, the size of a drum in diameter is 20 cm.

      Circular sander device.

      The engine can be taken from a used washing machine. The bed is made of a thick iron sheet with parameters 500x180x30 mm. On the one hand, it is cut on a milling machine, a place for the motor will be mounted here. Dimensions are as follows: 180x160x10. It is attached to the bed with three bolts, holes are drilled in it for them. Mount the engine tightly so that there is no vibration.

      The design consists of two drums, one is firmly fixed on the shaft, the second is tension, it rotates on bearings around the axis. The tension of the grinding surface is adjusted by pulling it to one side. The base for the machine is made of wood, and preferably of metal plates. Such a base plate is made from three sheets of thick plywood, textolite. The second shaft is equipped with a bevel, which ensures a smooth touch of the tape to the edge of the table. The drums are made of wood-based board (chipboard), they take blanks and grind them on a lathe to a diameter of 20 mm. It can be made 1-2 mm larger in the center, so the tape holds on tightly. Circle spindles are made of two single row ball bearings.

      The emery tape is cut from the canvases, its optimal width is 20 cm. It is mounted on the frame (sole), along which it moves. Such a machine is also used for sharpening tools. The length of the table on which such a machine is mounted determines the size of the parts that can be processed on it, so the larger it is, the better for materials of different sizes.

      How to make a mini sander with your own hands

      First, you need to find some Styrofoam to prepare the base for the device. After that, you need to cut a hole to install the switch in it. Then you will need electrical tape and a power source, for example, the famous Krona battery. We fasten the power battery (Kronu) to the foam base with electrical tape. We take the champagne cork and the handle rod. We cut the rod to the desired length, then put the handle rod on the cork with a blunt end and insert the tip of the rod into the hole for the motor shaft. After that, you need to cut a strip of abrasive tape with scissors to fit the size of the plug. After you have cut the tape, it should be glued around the cork around the circumference. This cork construction will be the working part of the machine. We carefully inspect all the wires and connect them with twists, insulate the connections with electrical tape. We are trying to launch the resulting device. Now you have your own mini car. Such a device is useful for performing simple small jobs for which an ordinary grinder would be too large and inconvenient. If you are an observant and patient, as well as a diligent person, making a sander with your own hands is not difficult at all. To do this, you only need dexterous hands and a little patience.

      A belt sander (grinder) with his own hands was conceived for such a task as finishing grinding, polishing parts from different materials. It can be used to process, polish, grind wood surfaces, and to other various coatings. This device is mainly used in the manufacture of furniture, as well as in blacksmiths.

      Such a machine will be useful in the home workshop, but factory-made models are usually quite expensive for the average locksmith. A much more profitable and realistic solution is to make a grinding machine with your own hands. It is assembled from an electric motor of 550 W, 2400 rpm, with a belt of 15 m / s, which is a very good result. The machine is based on a 120 mm channel frame; standard 30 mm wide wheels are also used. For the manufacture of a spring-loaded rod-holder, a profile pipe with a square section is taken. The sanding belt is tensioned with a spring.

      List of materials used:
      electric motor 550 W, 2400 rpm;
      channel 120 mm;
      wheel, width 30 mm. 2 pcs.;
      bearing;
      sanding belt.

      Tool list:
      welding machine;
      Angle Grinder;
      spanners;
      screwdriver.

      Do-it-yourself wood sander

      Grinding machines are represented by the following types:

      • eccentric or orbital;
      • vibrating;
      • corner;
      • tape.

      When making a typewriter, you will need:

      • electric motor;
      • source of power.

      The power unit must be taken from household appliances, for example, from a fan, the power supply is a computer, the battery is a household one. As a basis for the above elements, a wooden board is suitable, on which the battery with an electric motor should be fixed with screws. The “start” button must be attached to the base with self-tapping screws. Wire strands are secured with industrial stapler staples.
      The working part of the tool is a grinding wheel, which you can purchase yourself. The abrasive disc will be driven by an electric motor using two bushings.
      You can strengthen the design of the device if you take a motor from a washing machine as a motor. In addition to polishing discs, in this case, grinding and abrasives can be installed on the tool.

      Use of devices: features

      Devices of this kind are used for:

      Belt sander diagram.

      • curved planes using a free grinding surface;
      • for flat surfaces with a fixed table or manual mechanized movement;
      • for the ends of parts, edges;
      • for preparatory processing for paintwork.

      You can design a grinder, the frame of which will be made of wood. Equipping it with three shafts, an inclined horizontal and vertical work plane is obtained. Such a device has a frame made of wood, which effectively reduces vibration. Wood is used like maple, it is quite soft and durable at the same time. The work surface is faced with plastic, but it can be made entirely of wood. It is made so that you can tilt it. The length and dimensions of the tape are matched to the appropriate size. She moves along three wooden pulleys. The upper arm with a drum is equipped with a spring, this allows the belt to be tensioned. Belt position is adjusted by a guide pulley with two adjustable bolts.

      In operation, such a construction looks as follows. A motor with a 90 mm drum rotates another 75 mm in size, and that, in turn, a third. Rotation is carried out using an abrasive belt. Thus, the device has one vertical grinding surface and one inclined.

      The frame is made of six elements, it is mounted on a plywood base with a thickness of 25 mm. The supporting parts and the frame are made of wood, this is the base of the bearing supports, the rocking table, the rear stand, the upper arm, the plane for the material being processed. Bearing arrangements must be placed on a block that is large enough to mount a support on the bearings of the drive shaft.

      Rollers, drums and pulleys are made from 7 or 8 pieces of 6 mm thick fiberboard glued together, sawn to the appropriate shape. They have a bearing bore. The axis on which the drum with bearings is held is made of metal. For axles, you can take shafts from broken electric motors, they are smooth and already polished. The design is the same for the two idler pulleys. Ball bearings are used, ordinary, they prevent lateral sliding of the drums if the belt moves inaccurately.

      The design may differ in the size of the parts. For the frame, you can also use various materials. metal, plastic.

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