Any work in the garden requires a lot of effort. To make the process comfortable, you should create a special seat. adapter.
How to make different elements
To expand the functionality of the cultivator, additional attachments are put on it. For the manufacture of such nozzles, diagrams and drawings are used.
From the washing machine
Craftsmen make a cultivation device from an old, unnecessary washing machine, which is still working, but can no longer be used for the main task. washing. The engine must be removed from the old technology. It will serve as the basis for the future cultivator and will give the washing machine a second life.
In addition to the power plant, you will have to find a two-wire wire, a gearbox, a three-meter metal corner, a switch, car springs, a start button and a drum with a piece of gestures.
Having prepared the necessary elements, you can proceed to the installation work. Initially, a quarrel is carried out, and then the preparation of the cutting elements. It is important to make sure that each knife does NOT intersect with any other.
The starting and working windings are connected to the motor itself. The first is only needed to start the device, and the second is used all the time.
After completing the above steps, you can start testing the device.
How to make a cultivator
Every summer resident is well aware of all the difficulties of cultivating garden crops. And most of all, the processing of the soil before planting and with the further care of garden plants tires. To simplify your life, it is enough to make a homemade gasoline or electric cultivator for a summer residence, which will be used to solve various agricultural problems.
Depending on the type of engine, electric and fuel cultivators are distinguished. The former are characterized by environmental friendliness and low energy consumption. However, they are tied to source of electricity, so they can only be used in greenhouse conditions or in a small vegetable garden, which has access to electricity. It is quite simple to make such a unit.
Models with internal combustion engines are superior to the previous type in terms of power and the ability to work without connecting to the mains. But the maintenance of the machine becomes more costly, and during operation, harmful exhaust gases are emitted.
According to the method of soil cultivation, home-made motor-cultivators are either self-propelled, equipped with wheels with a drive, or with a rotating working nozzle, which can be used as a means of movement.
In the first version, two gearboxes are involved. The first helps the mechanism move at a given speed, and the second rotates the rotary nozzle for soil cultivation. In the presence of driving wheels, the cultivator is additionally equipped with flat-cut knives.
There is also a simplified homemade product, where the wheels only rest on the surface, making it easier to move.
Of angle grinder
The option of a homemade mini-cultivator from an angle grinder does NOT differ in high productivity, but it perfectly solves the problem of weeding a small area with light soil. The angle grinder in this homemade invention plays the role of an electric drive. The rest of the units and parts can be taken from the old non-working cultivator.
An angle grinder is fixed to a frame created from improvised or taken from an old frame, as well as an extension cord on a reel for connecting to a power source.
After assembling the main elements, the machine can be tested. If done correctly, the cutters will produce up to 300 rpm.
The presence of a trailer will make the cultivator as useful and functional as possible. But before making such a structure, you need to make sure that the machine can drag it.
The accessory is necessary to improve the grip of the cutting elements with the soil. It helps the machine to operate freely in difficult conditions and to cultivate the soil without stopping.
A useful accessory for the cultivation device is the gait reducer. It is designed to reduce the speeds of the cultivator, which is necessary to redirect power not to speed characteristics, but to torque or tractive effort.
Such a product is easy to make on your own using the following components:
- Generator case.
- Rotor shaft.
- Flange bearing.
- Steel parts.
Before starting work, you need to carry out several calculations. The role of the generator can be played by a part from the domestic Ural motorcycle. The main thing is that it is powerful and demonstrates stable torque.
The next stage involves the arrangement of the drive shaft based on shells of two bearings, which will run the gear. Flange bearings are placed on the opposite side of the gearbox, and a metal washer is left inside.
A gear is fixed on the driven shaft, and at the end of the work, a pulley with a driven shaft is fixed. To do this, use a spring nut and washers.
After completing the installation work, the creeper must be checked by connecting the unit with the wheels to the coupling. If you do everything correctly, after starting the device, the wheels will spin more slowly, and the unit itself will be pressed to the ground.
From an old bike
An equally interesting home-made product is a hand-held cultivator from a bicycle. To make such a device, you need to prepare a metal pipe, a frame and a bicycle wheel. You will also need metal blanks, steel strips, a drill, an angle grinder and a cultivator head.
Installation work consists of the following stages:
- The cultivator head is attached to the bicycle frame. A crossbar and handles are made of a metal pipe. They are connected with bolts.
- Then locknuts are taken. They will be needed to fix the wheel to the frame.
- After performing such actions, the mechanism can be considered ready. You can attach a plow and related accessories to such a cultivator, which will make it more functional.
How to assemble a tiller cutter
Nowadays, the process of cultivating the land takes much less time than even half a century ago. Modern manufacturers of agricultural machinery offer a wide variety of all kinds of equipment, a vocation to make the work of farmers and land owners automated. For example, a tiller is a kind of compact and multifunctional special equipment designed to solve various problems related to the processing of small plots of land. The tiller itself is a basic unit, which is equipped with additional equipment. Later in this article we will figure out how to assemble a tiller cutter and achieve the maximum level of its performance.
How to properly assemble cutters on a tiller?
Assembling the cutter can be a little difficult, especially if doing it for the first time and alone.
First, you should familiarize yourself with the structure of the cutter.
The drawing below shows its main constituent elements:
- Rotary here (it can be of different lengths, it can be one-piece and detachable)
- Pin with a retainer;
- Knives (right and left)
- Structural fasteners (nuts, washers and bolts).
Also, do not forget to take into account the fact that the movement of the knives during operation is directed counterclockwise. Be careful when assembling the module. any deviation in the design will lead to the fact that the balance of the wasp will be disturbed, the unit will skid to the side during operation.
We also offer to get acquainted with. Which describes in detail the process of assembling the cutters for the tiller:
It is not difficult to install the cutter on the tiller, but for this you have to first assemble it, having correctly organized the direction of rotation: the sharpened part should cut into the soil.
The tiller must be leaned on the opener, then tilted somewhere at the level of forty-five degrees, substitute the tragus under the rudder handle. Further “a matter of technology”: just remove the wheel.
Before you start assembling the cutters on the tiller, you should think about its design, as well as the functions that it should perform. To do this, it is important to view similar products using the information in detail. Otherwise, the product will not do the work that is needed. This means that the actions will be meaningless.
First you need to make at least an Approximate drawing, one of these is shown in the photo. Based on this, all the necessary components are selected. And then you need to act according to the drawing, we collect every detail in stages.
When the tiller cutter is assembled, testing should be done. This will allow you to immediately make adjustments to its design if the result deviates somewhat from the expected.
They are needed when cultivating the land. Therefore, the quality of processing and the complexity of the procedure itself depend on the model: load on the motor, ease of control and labor intensity.
How to assemble cutters?
As a rule, the cutter is included with the tiller. But that may not be enough. Sometimes an increase in the depth or width of processing is required, so the device can be supplemented with other products. This solution also improves the forward movement of the tiller. In addition, this will increase the service life of the mechanism.
If the ground is clayey, then it is better to use two pairs of tiller-cultivators. And even if the soil is light and has already been worked before, additional elements will NOT become an obstacle.
Depth change is possible due to the adjustable coulter. It is a sturdy element that is placed vertically in the tiller hitch. And the final loosening depth is influenced by the diameter of the cultivator cutter.
If you want to make do-it-yourself cutters for a tiller, you should start by defining their types. Two types of construction can be distinguished:
- “Goose’s feet”;
- With saber knives.
The last option is the most popular, it can be called standard. After all, these types of products have been tested by time: their effectiveness is quite high. They have an optimal shape and material. Knives are made of high quality high strength steel. Additionally, the material undergoes thermal hardening and high-frequency current treatment.
It should be noted that the cultivator cutters have a collapsible design. This feature is due to the fact that the material does not take a quarrel well. As a result, before installing the product on the tiller, its preliminary assembly is required.
As for the products “crow’s feet”, such products are used for hard soils. They have a solid construction, non-separable. Due to this, their strength is high.
Characteristics of crow’s feet:
- Weight. 16 kg;
- Speed. 2-5 km / h;
- Height. 38 cm;
- Length. 38 cm;
- Width. 41 cm.
Such products are effective in weed control and virgin lands. However, their disadvantage is the material of manufacture. carbon steel. This affects the strength of the products: therefore, it is necessary to process virgin soil very carefully so that the products do not bend. However, this allows, firstly, to carry out a quarrel, and secondly, repair.
It should be noted that the cutter is a self-sharpening tool. Additional manipulations in this direction are not required.
Which cutters are best for a tiller?
Each type of cutter has its own disadvantages and advantages. When choosing cutters for a tiller, you should take into account its power, as well as the operating conditions.
For example, the saber tiller is very durable due to its construction and the material from which it is made. This type of cutter has integral knives, and they are made of high-carbon hardened steel. It has versatile functionality as it can work in any conditions and on different soils. Also, the knives of this cutter are easier to repair. you just need to install and fix a new cutting element.
The goose foot cutter is also suitable for tilling heavy soil and for cultivation, but areas with turf or roots will be difficult for it to navigate. On them, the equipment will clog and work poorly. Also, due to the peculiarities of its design, it is more likely to breakdown, and repairs are usually carried out using welding, which is longer and unprofitable.
As you can see, each of the cutter sets is NOT devoid of advantages. When choosing, resist the technical characteristics of your unit and the features of the work ahead.
Making a hand cultivator with your own hands
Hand cultivators are even easier to build than others. A standard set of parts and tools for manufacturing includes: metal tube, frame and bicycle wheel, metal blanks and steel strips, angle grinder, drill, cultivator head.
- The cultivation head is attached to the bicycle frame. The crossbar and handles are formed from pipes and bolted to the frame.
- Locknuts are taken, and with their help the wheel is attached to the frame (it is better that it is medium in size).
- The mechanism is ready, but the attachment on such a device can be changed to a plow and other equipment, which makes it multifunctional.
Of angle grinder
A homemade cultivator from an angle grinder does not have much power, but nevertheless it does a good job of weeding the area. An angle grinder in such a device acts as an electric drive. Everything else is taken from old non-working cultivators.
Important! A conventional angle grinder is capable of up to 600 rpm, so when creating a cultivator, a pulley with a V-belt strand is used for it, and not cutting wheels.
To a frame made or taken from an old cultivator, you need to Weld a suspension unit for an angle grinder, and so that the product can be connected to electricity, they take an ordinary extension cord on a coil.
After the cultivating base is put together, you can try out the machine. Cutters of a similar assembled device Should produce 300 rpm.
The active milling cutter consists of a set of four powerful knives set at 90 ° to each other. There can be from two or more such sets on one axis. The number of additional cutters, as well as the size of their knives, depends directly on the tiller’s performance. The knives in this cutter are in the form of curved strips bent alternately in different directions. Their design and strength allow you to safely handle virgin soil, as well as areas where stones and roots come across.
It should be noted that the procedure is quite clear, but for clarity, the assembly of the tiller cutter is also presented. This will allow you to more thoroughly understand the procedure, to do all the steps correctly. Then you get a worthy product and addition for the tiller, which allows you to cultivate the soil especially productively and efficiently. This means that the result of such actions with your own hands will be achieved.
Popular materials. Do-it-yourself cultivator for a tiller drawings and dimensions. How to make a tiller cultivator
Before making a cultivator for a tiller with your own hands, it is necessary to treat all metal elements with a special anti-corrosion compound against the premature appearance of rust after frequent contact with the ground.
Simple models can be made without drawings. To make and correctly assemble more complex devices, it is necessary to plan the work, calculate the dimensions of the module and parts.
A homemade pitchfork cultivator is an easy way to recycle (rework) products. For this, the teeth of the mechanism are bent with a hammer like a corkscrew and are mounted on the handle. A shovel handle is used as a handle. For fastening use electrical tape.
Some craftsmen manage to make a cultivator with their own hands from a bicycle frame with a wheel. A steel rod is welded or bolted between the 2 base blocks. The head is mounted to the crossbar. For this design, it is recommended to take a medium-sized wheel.
In order to correctly assemble a disc cultivator and work correctly with cutters, it is necessary to design schemes of assemblies and SEPARATE parts. Taking into account the deformation of the discs, special adjusting nuts are used. The discs are welded to bushings located on a rotating axle with brackets. On the bracket, it is necessary to provide a protrusion where the pipe will pass. The cultivator handle is attached to the pipe surface.
Do-it-yourself cultivator for a tiller drawings and dimensions. How to make a cultivator for a tiller. Cultivator for a tiller do it yourself drawings. DIY manual cultivator
The simplest option for making a cultivator at home. This is a small structure, the capabilities of which will suffice to delight a strip 20 cm wide. The basis of the device will be a handle in the form of a metal tube with a diameter of 2.4 cm. The length of the element is selected specifically for the height of the user. On the bottom of the pipe, you need to install a sturdy one made of wood. The processing organs will be attached to it. Despite the simplicity of the design, homemade hand cultivators can be supplemented with wheels. They can be cut from sheet metal 0.3 cm thick and secured with nuts.
There is another design option, assuming a base in the form of a springy metal strip. In this case, the parameters of the workpiece should be as follows: length. 5 cm, width 2 cm, and thickness approx. 2 mm. A wooden handle is attached to this part, through which the processing will be carried out. The tape is folded, so it can be shaped into a loop and then filed on both sides. The diameter of the loop can be any, this parameter is calculated based on the area of the garden.
Cultivator for MTZ tiller. Description
The active growth and development of small-scale farming in the 90s prompted industrial enterprises to produce compact units to facilitate agricultural work. These machines outperformed the tractors that the average farmer couldn’t afford. They were not only compact in size, but also highly maneuverable and efficient.
However, the Minsk Tractor Plant (MTZ) by this time had already presented small-sized models Belarus-05, MTZ 082 and MTZ 112 on the agricultural market, which immediately gained popularity due to their reliable design and ease of maintenance. Serial production increased and it was decided to transfer further production to the Smorgon Aggregate Plant, which was a branch.
The MTZ lineup was expanded by tillers with different characteristics and, accordingly, they wore different indexes in the name 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10 and 12. But only some 05, 06, 08, 09 and 12 gained popularity thanks to the successful combination functionality and reliability. Today, the main attention at MTW enterprises is paid to the production of models 06 and 09.
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Cultivator for Tiller Neva. Land plowing equipment
Most often, a motor unit is bought to be used as a motor cultivator for performing the most difficult work on the ground: autumn plowing and cultivation of fertile layers. Due to the very high torque at the output from the power reducer of 7-10 hp. Enough to process even loamy or saline soils in several passes.
To restore the soil structure, the manufacturer offers the following tool options for work:
- The plow for the tiller neva with a hitch is most often equipped with a standard or universal design of a hitch with a frame. The tiller allows you to plow medium-heavy soil, roots and young growth of trees;
- Cultivators and cutters for the tiller “Neva MB 2” allow deeper and more thorough plowing of the soil, chopping down weed roots, turning the remains of vegetation into mulch, using the tiller as a multicultivator.
In addition to the Single design, there are paired plows that allow processing with a pair of cutting edges with a soil dump in two rows, as in the photo. But it is recommended to work with such serious devices on motor units “Neva MB 23” or “Neva MB23SD”.
You should NOT expect to plow virgin lands with a tiller, medium-heavy soil with a large number of roots and weeds, as a rule, “too tough” even for heavy MB 23 tillers. The Neva was created to work on already plowed soil. In this case, milling cutters, cultivators and plows work great.
On salt marshes and clay soils, the power of rotation of the lugs and their weight is not always enough to plow the compacted layer of earth. Often the hooks are welded with additional weights, for example, flywheels from trucks, which reduces the center of gravity of the tiller, makes it more stable and makes it 20-25 kg heavier. The width of one lug wheel is 210 mm with a diameter of 460 mm.
With the help of the nozzle on the motor unit, the hiller can be quite successfully loosening the soil, both before planting and for male weeds in the rows between plants. But it is quite difficult to work with such a device, it requires knowledge of the specifics of the instrument setting.
Advantages of MTZ models
- Versatility, thanks to which you can connect any attachment to the tiller to facilitate agricultural work. The design provides not only the use of plows, cutters, harrows, and other things, but also brushes, plows and snow blowers for cleaning the territory.
- Small dimensions allowing the tiller NOT to take up a lot of storage space.
- Maneuverability thanks to intelligent design despite significant machine weight.
- Easy to maintain.
- The ability to repair, rather than resorting to the services of service centers.
- Low requirements for the quality of fuel and lubricant.
- Spare parts availability.
Disadvantages of MTZ tillers
- High cost in comparison with analogues from other manufacturers;
- Fuzzy gear fixation (as noted by the owners)
- The need to apply effort to shift the differential;
- Mandatory run-in before implementation.
- Weight. It can be attributed to the advantages and disadvantages at the same time, because with such tillers it is rather difficult to manage on wet soil.