How to properly trim a ceiling moulding

How to cut the ceiling plinths

The chair is good to use in rooms with even corners. But often the angle between the walls is not equal to 90 degrees. which means that cutting the baseboard with a template designed for a 45-degree cut is unwise. In this case a manual marking with a pencil (or marker) and a ruler is used.

The method of cutting in this case looks like this:

  • The skirting board is attached to the corner, with a pencil drawing the fishing line for the trimmer along its outer edge.
  • Applied to the other side, the mark is repeated. As a result, you should get a cross on the ceiling, marking the place where the edges of the two baseboard elements converge.
  • Installed on the spot section of the baseboard, which will be glued to the appropriate wall. On it with a pencil mark the position of the cross on the ceiling, and on the lower edge. the junction point of the two walls. Read in a separate article about how to make stucco on the wall yourself.

The method of cutting with a pencil and ruler

How to trim a ceiling plinth?

Finishing finishing work in the house, many homeowners are faced with the problem of cutting ceiling baseboards, especially their corners. After all, it is on them that the attractiveness of the interior depends. Without these decorative elements, the room looks unfinished. It is not difficult to guess how to cut a ceiling plinth with an angle, a metal ruler or a flat plank, because it is only necessary to maintain a right angle.

But in the finishing works is required to trim baseboards and at other angles, such as 40 degrees. Therefore, the installation of these plastic elements is fraught with certain difficulties. To get the appropriate angle, you need to be very careful. One of the problems is to cut the ceiling plinth in the corners with further docking.

The following materials are used in the production of skirting boards:

  • Wood. Wood is considered to be the most difficult material to work with. Wood baseboards are sawn with a joiner’s hacksaw.
  • Extruded polystyrene foam. The finishing material of high density. It does not absorb moisture. It does not release toxic substances when burned. It is quite difficult to handle, but easy to cut. Only a carpenter’s knife is needed.
  • Styrofoam. It is fragile, the cheapest and easily workable material. Its brittleness is not a disadvantage, because the skirting boards are located under the ceiling and they are not afraid of mechanical effects. It is possible to cut skirting boards from expanded polystyrene without any effort.
  • Polyurethane. It is distinguished by plasticity and flexibility. Due to these qualities, it is used on uneven surfaces. Has water-repellent properties and resistant to temperature changes.
  • Polychlorvinyl. Difficult to fit the material because of the high rigidity. Manufacturers offer it in different finishes: imitation stone, metal, wood and even color. It becomes brittle in the cold.

Decorative elements made of aluminum look no less attractive under the ceiling. True, metal is much harder to machine and cut than the materials in this list. Increased demand for aluminum skirting boards due to the fact that they are cable channels, which is convenient to hide wiring and cables

Aesthetics is important, it does not react to aggressive environments and detergents

Aluminium ceiling plinth can be cut with a metal saw. In order not to break the blade, the reciprocating motion must be smooth and even.

Regardless of the manufacturing material, ceiling skirting boards can be considered the best solution to create a unique interior. They are mounted on the most difficult area, which is the junction of the wall and ceiling. Someone who knows how to properly cut the corner on the ceiling plinth, will quickly make the interior of the room completed, which will give it more attractiveness. With the help of these elements you can partially hide small defects.

The tool for cutting choose depending on the material and the necessary angles. In rooms of standard shapes with perfectly flat walls and ceilings, to cut the corners of the ceiling plinths use a plier. Wood is sawn with an ordinary carpenter’s saw, and for other materials a jigsaw should be purchased. You can also use a hacksaw for metal. To fit the corners manually, you will need additional tools: ruler, angle, protractor, pencil.

How to join in the corners

If the installation of the first corner is passed, you can assume that you have almost learned how to do. “Almost” because you still need to learn how to connect the corners and trim the bars to length. When some part is glued and there is a small distance to the corner, how not to make a mistake with the length? The answer is simple: leave a reserve.

At the beginning you can cut a piece longer by 10-15 cm: it will be possible to redo a few times, if something does not work at once. Then you do a corner the way described above, trying on dry, all fit, that the result has satisfied you. Only after that you can put the already cut bar in the corner and mark the place to which it can be shortened. It must be trimmed exactly at 90°. It is not obligatory to use a jointer. Just try to put the knife (hacksaw) perpendicular to the surface.

Ceiling plinth. fillet

To do it correctly, it is important to strictly follow the existing recommendations and rules of finishing works. And then you will be pleased with the result

In fixing the bar (as this element is called) there are no difficulties: in fact, all varieties of products are attached to a reliable adhesive.

In order to. even inexperienced repairers have no difficulty. They are concerned about something else: how to properly cut a ceiling plinth? Virtually every room, no matter how intricately shaped, is equipped with corners.

And here in these internal corners, the individual elements of the baseboard must be beautifully and evenly docked. And in rooms of particularly complex configuration will have to fiddle with the outer corners. Let’s try to figure out how to be in each of these situations, and how to cut the right piece with the tools available.

Skirting boards materials and cutting methods

First of all, let’s try to determine what the baseboard can be made of, and what a particular material is better to cut.

On sale today you can find products made of foam (polyvinyl chloride), wood, polystyrene foam and polyurethane.

Perhaps some of the cheapest skirting boards are made of foam plastic, which is a brittle, soft and brittle material.

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Even the fingers of the hands can leave dents on them, they are easy to form creases and defects. It is quite difficult to cut a nice and even corner of a PVC baseboard.

An inexperienced craftsman could have a large amount of purchased material go to waste for this very reason. Also, this polymer has high electrostatic properties, which explains its ability to collect dust.

It is best to cut such a skirting board with a hacksaw or a sharp construction knife.

Products made of polystyrene foam are also inexpensive, although this material is a stronger analogue of traditional foam.

They can also be cut with a sharp tool.

Skirting boards made of extruded polystyrene foam are a little more expensive, they are somewhat denser and more difficult to cut. But they are much less likely to crumble and break.

Therefore it is more convenient and easier to cut them. For this purpose it is convenient to use a hacksaw or a sharp knife.

Polyurethane skirting boards for the ceiling are currently probably one of the most expensive.

But they are worth their price: they are moisture-resistant, fairly strong and dense, and quite elastic.

Placed over the kitchen stove, the baseboard can become deformed and even crack a little.

They cut well with a special knife without crumbling. But these products are very sensitive to temperature differences.

Wooden ceiling skirting boards are quite heavy and dense products, hard and durable.

They can be processed well with a special fine-toothed hacksaw. You can also use a sturdy metal blade. So how to trim a ceiling plinth properly?

Prefabricated corners

Note that each master has the opportunity not to pore over the precise cutting and fitting corners.

In a construction store you can buy a factory-made corner element, into which the prepared edges of the baseboard can easily be inserted.

It is enough to measure the required length of the workpiece, and cut it at right angles.

All defects and imperfections will hide this special element. But such a convenient way to use is not always possible, because the standard sizes of such factory corners can differ markedly from the size of the baseboard itself.

Such corners will stand out for their disproportionality, and it will not look very neat. But if the design of the room and the size of the blanks allow you to use this method, then you should not neglect it.

For those who have to use one of the methods of trimming the ceiling plinth, the following tips will be useful.

What tools can be used to cut corners

Cutting the ceiling plinth (outer corner) with explanations will be a good help to the novice craftsman.

How to cut a baseboard without a joiner

Suppose you urgently need to glue the ceiling plinth.

How to make a corner without a chisel? It is possible, but it will take more time. Proceed in this order.

  • Both parts of the skirting board are trimmed at right angles first.
  • The position of the elements is marked on the wall and a trimmer line is applied to join them. As a result we will see two intersecting lines. The point of their intersection is projected directly onto the baseboard details.
  • The skirting board is placed against the ceiling and a cut line for the trimmer is drawn from one edge to the other.
  • Finishing details are made with a box cutter or a construction knife.
  • A virtual jig is drawn on the paper, with lines drawn at the right angles. The skirting boards are attached to such a scratchboard and the cutting is performed (at the same time the blade of the knife should be kept vertical).

How to cut the corner of the ceiling plinth with Комментарии и мнения владельцев from a specialist will help to solve this problem.

Tip! Since the inner or outer corners are not always perfectly shaped, ceiling skirting will have visible gaps in the joints.

To make them less noticeable, plaster putty should be applied to its ends before gluing the baseboard. After docking the elements remove excess putty with a rubber spatula. All gaps will be filled and the joint will be less noticeable.

It is not easy to glue and properly dock the tacks with the pattern. How to act in such a case? The answer will prompt a video.

Chisel. a tool for cutting baseboard corners

There are two ways to cut corners. with a tool (chisel) and without it. We will consider both methods.

Chisel. a carpenter’s tool, which is a small rectangular tray (you can make it yourself from wood or buy ready-made of plastic or metal), in the walls of which there are grooves. Grooves guide the blade of the hacksaw at a certain angle to the axis of the tray.

Important: the angle of cutting the edge of the skirting is always oblique and equals 45° when processing elements designed to install butt joints in the corners of the ceiling. The oblique cut provides a tighter fit of the fillets.

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How to make a jig for a ceiling plinth with your own hands

If you do not have such a useful tool as a plane, you can replace it or make it yourself.

In simple cases, for example, for cutting foam plastic, the role of the jib is performed by a regular cardboard or a sheet of heavy paper. On it set aside 2 parallel pieces, and using protractor mark the planned places of the cut. Then simply attach a fragment of the product and cut, using the cardboard as a template.

If the material is wide, hollow inside, or made of a solid material like wood, you can’t do without a wire cutter or its equivalent. Then proceed as follows.

  • On cardboard or heavy paper make a template.
  • Then, from any suitable material, make corners for ceiling plinth. from two slats, for example. The material is inserted into the element as in the jigsaw.
  • Then the device is placed over the stencil so that the end of the plinth was above the pattern. Put in a substitute for the jigsaw profile and cut with a knife or saw at the mark.

In this case, the blade of the knife rests only in the homemade product, so you need to be careful when working.

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Tips

Despite the fact that it is not so difficult to glue the ceiling skirting boards, there are tips worth heeding:

  • The walls must be clean and dust free. Any dirt will reduce the adhesive properties of the base.
  • The underside of the slats is better to make rough, because the smooth surface has a low quality of adhesion to the surface.
  • It is important to choose a quality glue with a good fixation, especially for heavy baguettes. Also, do not use solvent adhesive for Styrofoam skirting boards, such a compound can ruin the material.
  • After attaching the ceiling skirting boards for a day should not be allowed draughts in the room, the glue must be well cured.

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Selection of tools for cutting ceiling plinths

To properly and accurately cut the ceiling plinth, you need to use the right tool for cutting. It is chosen depending on the material from which the baseboards are made:

    Styrofoam. It has low durability and is relatively inexpensive, so foam models are becoming more and more popular. Their strength does not particularly affect the performance characteristics, because usually the ceiling plinth is not subjected to mechanical stress. An ordinary office knife is suitable for cutting.

You can buy it in a construction store or make it with your own hands according to these instructions:

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    Three 5015 cm planks nailed with a long rib in the shape of a three-sided, rectangular box. Pay attention, between the side planks and the cross plank, an angle of 90 degrees must be observed.

To work with this homemade device was convenient and safe, the planks should be well sanded before stapling.

Technology of cutting ceiling plinths

For prompt and high-quality work, you need to select a tool in accordance with the material of the plinth and choose a way of cutting. If you have a jig, then there will be no special difficulties in the process. If you do not have it, then you have two options: to cut by a template and measurements on the ceiling, or to make this tool yourself.

Features of cutting ceiling plinths in a wire cutter

Work with this device should be extremely carefully so as not to blunt the tool and not to leave jigsaws in unnecessary places. In the process, we adhere to the following instructions:

    Fix the baguette in the jig the way you plan to place it on the wall. The side that will be pressed to the ceiling on the jig, must be adjacent to the sidewall.

When cutting and trimming foam and polyurethane products, remember that these materials crumble and squeeze, so tools must be sharp enough, and strong mechanical action on them is undesirable.

Technique of cutting ceiling plinths using a template

This method can be used if your corners are straight, and you want to trim the baguette exactly 45 degrees. To do this, before you cut the ceiling plinth in the corners, you need to draw a jig on heavy paper. Draw two parallel lines and mark corners under necessary degrees, using a protractor.

We place the fillet in this case in the same way as in a traditional jigsaw. Take into account, that the plinth should be cut, keeping the tool in a strictly vertical position.

Rules of cutting ceiling plinths according to the marking

This method is used to cut the baseboard in cases where there is no jigsaw, or parts from which it can be made.

To do this, you need to make a marking on the wall in this order:

    We put the baguette in the corner to the fixing point.

When cutting in this way, it is important to draw all lines and mark points accurately. A mistake of even a few millimetres will result in a gap. This method is suitable for cutting and joining both inside and outside corners of a ceiling plinth.

How to cut a ceiling plinth without a jigsaw

To accurately dock in the inner corners of the baseboards, you can do without a joiner.

    We enclose the end part of the baguette to a sheet of paper and trace the contour of the convex side. It is more convenient to use a small section of the skirting board (if available).

Not every interior design involves the use of a ceiling plinth, but most often the overall appearance of the room seems incomplete without it. In the attachment of this element. the baseboards. there is nothing difficult, almost all types of baseboards are attached to the glue. But the question of how to properly cut the ceiling plinth in the corners of the premises, can puzzle many.

After all, even in the simplest rooms have interior corners, where ceiling plinth trim strips must be precisely and beautifully docked. And in a more complex configuration of the room will also have to dock the baseboards, performing the outer corner. In this article we will consider different options on how to cut a ceiling plinth with or without the help of hand tools.

First we should deal with the question of how to cut the ceiling plinth, the answer depends on the material from which the fillet is made. Currently sold ceiling skirting boards made of PVC, polystyrene foam (plastic foam), polyurethane and wood.

PVC ceiling skirting boards are the cheapest.

Dents and creases easily form on them, which cannot be removed, so the product has to be discarded. Also their disadvantage is electrostatic. the ability to attract dust. They can be cut with a sharp construction knife or a hacksaw.

Skirting boards made of polystyrene foam are also cheap. This material is very fragile, during processing easily crumbles, so cut polystyrene foam must be sharp knife or hacksaw for metal, not making too strong pressing efforts.

Skirting boards made of expanded polystyrene are a bit more expensive than polystyrene boards, they are denser and harder to cut. However, they are less crumbly, so they are easier and more comfortable to work with. They can be cut with a construction knife and a metal hacksaw.

Polyurethane skirting boards are the most expensive at the moment. They are strong, flexible and watertight; they are easy to cut with a construction knife and do not crumble.

A disadvantage of polyurethane skirting boards is their dependence on temperature differences. For example, over a gas stove, a polyurethane skirting board will become warped and begin to crack slightly. If you try to trim or trim it, it might warp or warp in other ways.

Wooden ceiling skirting boards are thick, heavy pieces of wood that can only be trimmed with a hacksaw, preferably with fine, frequent serrations. A metal blade can also be used.

Before proceeding to the listing of ways, how to properly cut the ceiling plinth, I would like to note that there is a possibility not to cut the plinth with particular precision.

Special skirting board corners are available for purchase, into which the edges of the skirting boards can be inserted. In this case, the baseboard plank is enough to trim at an angle of 90 °, and the corner element will hide all the flaws. But this method is not always used, because the size of the corner elements are somewhat larger than the baseboards themselves, so the corners in the room will stand out against the general background.

Sometimes it can look awkward. Nevertheless, if the room design allows the use of corner elements for ceiling plinths, it makes sense to use them. The following instructions are helpful to those who still decide to cut the skirting boards exactly to a given angle.

How to cut the corner of the ceiling plinth with a wire cutter

The chisel is a simple carpentry tool that allows you to cut the workpiece at the necessary angle.

Most often it is a tray of plastic, wood or metal with vertical slots for cutting at an angle of 90 ° and 45 °. There are also more complex designs of plinths. for cutting at angles of 90, 60 and 45 degrees. For more professional work, use a skewer with a pivoting mechanism, where the hacksaw can be fixed at any angle to the workpiece.

How to cut the ceiling skirting board with a power plank. the inside corner:

  • Apply the skirting board to the ceiling, measure the required length.
  • Then put the baseboard plinth in the jig so that the position coincides with the position of the plinth on the ceiling.
  • The skirting board must be pressed against the far wall of the jig saw.
  • Hold the skirting board with your left hand.
  • We choose the position of the hacksaw when the angle is 45 degrees and the handle of the hacksaw is as close as possible to the left hand.
  • We cut the workpiece without exerting excessive pressure on the saw.
  • The next step is to trim the baseboard mating strip. Install it also to the far wall of the baseboard.
  • Press it down and hold it with the right hand.
  • We choose a position for the hacksaw when the angle is 45 degrees and the handle of the hacksaw is close to the right hand.
  • Cut the skirting board.
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Then join the cut skirting boards and check the accuracy of the cut. For a more accurate orientation still say that to do the inner corner, you need to start cutting from the front of the baseboard. Wooden baseboards, after trimming, will probably need to be adjusted with a file.

How to cut a ceiling plinth with a wire cutter. the outer corner:

  • In order not to make a mistake with the dimensions, it is better to start with the marking of the inner corner, and then already cut the outer corner. Otherwise the skirting board might not be long enough.
  • Place the skirting board against the ceiling and mark its measurements.
  • Install the ceiling plinth trim and press it to the nearest wall.
  • We hold with the left hand and choose the position for a hacksaw at an angle of 45 degrees, when the handle is close to the left hand.
  • Trim the piece.
  • We establish a mating bar to the nearest wall, hold it with the right hand.
  • Set the hacksaw at a 45-degree angle, with the handle close to your right hand.
  • We cut the workpiece and dock the corner.

Trimming blanks with a wire cutter is suitable only if the angle between the walls is even. 90 degrees. If, however, accuracy leaves much to be desired, you will have to use other methods.

Trimming the fillet

Trimming with a ruler

How to evenly trim the corner of the ceiling plinth with it?

The pliers are simple tools used by carpenters. Use it to cut any workpiece at the desired angle.

It is usually a wooden, metal or plastic tray, which are made to cut at an angle of 45 ° and 90 ° special vertical slots.

There are more complicated constructions, on which in addition to the named angles there is also a hole to make a 60-degree cut.

For professional work, a special plier is available. Its swivel mechanism allows fixing the cutting blade in relation to the workpiece at any given angle.

Inner corner

The prepared skirting board is then pasted onto the ceiling, and the required length is marked off.

Then this very plank is inserted into the planking tool exactly as it will be positioned on the ceiling. It must be pressed against the far wall of the device. In this position, the skirting board is held with the left hand.

The blade of the hacksaw should be in such a position that its angle is 45 degrees, and the handle is as close to the hand as possible. Trying to avoid exerting pressure on the saw, we carefully cut the workpiece.

Next, the skirting board must be cut off a mating strip. It is also placed at the far side of the tool, held and pressed, this time by the right hand.

The same position of the hacksaw as in the previous procedure. its handle is close to the hand at an angle of 45 degrees. The skirting board is cut.

Then the finished, already cut slats are docked together. the accuracy of fit is checked. It is believed that for better orientation, in the manufacture of the inner corner, cutting is better to begin with the front of the product. The places of cuts usually need to be further trimmed with a file.

Outer corner

The correct way to observe more precisely the dimensions, first start to measure the inner corner, and only then move on to the outer corner.

Otherwise it may happen that the entire length of the strip is not enough.

The skirting board is laid on the ceiling, and marks are made according to its size. Holding with the left hand, the ceiling plinth is pressed to the closest wall, the handle of the hacksaw is close to the hand. The workpiece is cut.

The counter slat is pressed against the nearest wall, holding it in place with the right hand. The blade of the hacksaw should be at a 45° angle, with the handle of the tool close to the hand of the craftsman. A piece of the workpiece is cut, the corner is carefully joined.

Such processing of the edge of the parts with mash is good if the angle between the walls is flat and straight (90°).

If it leaves a lot to be desired, it is worth using another method.

Marking on the ceiling

The method with a marking on the ceiling allows you to cut the corner exactly and straight. It has one drawback. the baseboard plank is quite inconvenient to hold by weight during the procedure.

Otherwise, with this method, you can mark the angle for cutting even more accurately than with other methods.

When the skirting is applied to the intended installation location, all dimensional deviations and inaccuracies are visible and immediately taken into account.

Trimming the corner

First you need to take a couple of blanks, then cut them at right angles. Perpendicular to the perpendicular wall at the end of the strip, we put one strip. We outline on the ceiling line for a trimmer along the contour of the baseboard. Remove the first lath, then the same way, resting against the wall at the end, we put a responsive lath. Exactly the same way we mark along the contour of the line for the trimmer.

The intersection point of the two separate lines is the mark at which the workpiece is cut. Each skirting board is placed on the surface again, and the point of the future cut is marked on both of them. From the point found to the other edge of the skirting board, draw a trimmer line. Baseboards trimmed by the previously made marks, neatly dock, place in the place of their installation.

This method allows us to trim inside corners more accurately.

How to trim a ceiling plinth correctly. Important trifles

Measurements required for trimming the skirting board on the ceiling, should be done in a special way. To determine and mark the inner corner, the length must be measured from the corner itself. To mark the outer corner, be sure to take into account that the baseboard will protrude into the interior of the room at a distance that equals its width.

It is not desirable to secure baseboard strips until the exact positioning is verified and the counter baseboard has been cut. Only when both skirting boards are perfectly aligned in a corner can they be assembled and fastened. If the work is done with polyurethane or wooden baseboards, defects and errors can be corrected with a file or file. To fit a foam product you need a sharp knife.

If, even after finishing skirting boards remain even a small gap, do not rush to upset. it is not difficult to patch with an ordinary putty. Trimming a ceiling moulding accurately and neatly is not that difficult. But in order to acquire at least a little skill, first try to train on small workpieces.