How to set up a plow on a tiller, basic steps before starting plowing, photos and How to set up a plow on a tiller, basic steps before starting plowing, photos and Most home garden owners take care of themselves and make their work easier by purchasing a tiller.
How to set up a plow on a tiller, the main steps before plowing, photos and
Most homeowners take care of themselves and make their job easier by purchasing a tiller. This agricultural technique allows plowing, planting and harvesting, mowing grass and even removing snow. To do this, it is enough to purchase additional weights for the tiller. But acquiring such equipment, not all summer residents know how to plow with a tiller. It’s actually not that difficult. The main thing is to properly set up the technique before doing the work. If you don’t have a plow, you can do it yourself.
Preparing the tiller for plowing
The most important thing, before you start plowing, is to set up and assemble the plow correctly. This business is not difficult, especially if you use the instructions, or look at the topical.
Install the lug
In order to attach the lug, you need to remove the wheels and hubs. We install other hubs on the axle, which are specially designed for the installation of lugs. These hubs differ from conventional parts in their length, which allows the distance between the wheels to increase and the tiller will be more stable when it is plowed.
These special hubs are axle mounted and connected to the shaft drive. To do this, use special spiers, which are also included in the kit. And only then the lug itself is installed.
This technique is rear-wheel drive. Motor power 5-12 horsepower. The device is capable of treating a plot of half a hectare. The tiller weighs from 50 to 70 kilograms, its cost is 30-40 thousand rubles. Most tillers in this category can mount plows and other equipment.
This technique has 2 gears, is equipped with a headlight. Compared to a heavy tiller, the average is more maneuverable, but the depth of plowing by it does not exceed 12 cm.And this is unacceptable for planting some plants
Every time before starting the engine, the oil level is checked and the amount of fuel, the lack of both can damage the engine. The diesel engine is fueled with seasonal diesel fuel (for warm or cold seasons). Before starting, check the operation of the clutch, steering wheel. Movements in systems occur with a certain effort.
To start the engine, you need to free the tubes from air with an electric starter, which will subsequently be filled with diesel fuel. During manual start, it is necessary to give access to fuel, to produce gas and a certain amount of rocking by the starter. The decompressor returns to its original state and the engine starts.
For two-stroke engines, gasoline is used (the proportions of dilution with oil are indicated in the instructions). To start the tiller, open the gas tank, direct the handle to start, move the starter several times without turning on the ignition. And only then turn on the ignition to start the engine. Further, the handle should be at the Work mark.
Installing the plow
Thanks to the couplings (fasteners), the plow is mounted to the tiller. This work is best done with an assistant, as it will require some effort and skill. First, the hitch is mounted on the tiller, then connected to the plow mount with steel pins. The connection should not be installed tightly, a slight horizontal movement is necessary, otherwise, when processing the soil, the tiller will move to the sides due to the unevenness of the soil.
After basic assembly, the plow needs to be adjusted. The adjustment will have to tinker with the quality of plowing depends on it. The plows are tilted using the mountings so that the heel is horizontal to the ground. The adjusted tiller is placed on the ground and the steering wheel is checked; it should be in the area of the plowman’s belt.
It remains to check if the unit is ready for earthwork. It is necessary to make several test furrows with depth measurement, check the quality of the soil dump. Pay attention to the strip between the furrows, it should not be too wide (no more than 10 cm) or crossed by a plow.
A two-furrow tiller plow is needed for working large areas. In addition, made by hand, it can perform several functions at once, plowing and harrowing the earth. Connecting several frames with different tools allows you to create various modifications of models according to ready-made drawings.
To the menu
2.5 Testing a homemade tiller plow
2.1 Single hull
You will need rollers and steel up to 4mm thick to make the blades. We cut out the shape by welding or with ordinary scissors, and simply bend it in the shape of a cylinder on the rollers. There is an option when the dumps can be made from a piece of pipe or cylinder, with a diameter of 500 to 600 mm, with a thickness of no more than 5 mm.
To do this, the shape must be cut out by welding, rubbed with emery, and, if necessary, as in that long-forgotten anecdote, carefully brought to mind with a hammer. Then you will need to make other parts of the future unit.
Thus, according to the drawings, you need to make 6 parts:
- Steel share or disc;
- Spacer plate;
- Side shield for the rack;
- A plate for the base of the plow itself;
- Field board with an angle of 30X30 millimeters;
- Pipe for a rack 42 mm in diameter.
Then, using wedges, we install the finished share (on the auxiliary sheet), fasten it with two-point welding, and join the stand with the side shield so that the shield is 7-9 mm higher than the share, and the edges of the shield go over the edge of the blade by 6-7 mm. All parts are welded to each other again.
Then you need to weld the blade so that it becomes a single whole surface with the share. If the angle between the blade and the ploughshare is more than 7 degrees, they need to be finished with a hammer. So, the blade is welded to the share, the share to the side shield. Now we attach the side shield first to the base plate and then to the spacer bar.
The share corners are welded to the base plate last. Then we separate the auxiliary sheet, clean up the welding marks, and grind the share with the blade with sandpaper.
To the menu
Let’s dwell on such issues of working with a tiller as:
- Preparing the tiller for plowing the soil on your land
- Plow assembly and plow attachment to the tiller
- Tiller plow adjustment for plowing the soil
- How to plow with a tiller.
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Preparing the tiller for plowing
Tiller plowing can be carried out only with the use of lugs, since the load on the tiller when plowing increases significantly, and the use of lugs greatly facilitates this process. The first step is to remove the transport wheels and hubs that hold the tiller’s transport wheels. You can buy Tillery MTZ on the website pro-motobloki.Ru.
Tiller plow device
In the photo, we can see the device of a standard tiller plow. In some cases, plows have some differences, but in general, most tiller plows have just such a device.
First, we will adjust the plow for the plowing depth. To do this, you and I will need two stands with a height of 12-20 cm, the height of the stands depends on how deep you and I will plow our land plot. If the plowing depth is 15-18 cm, then stands 15 cm high are needed, if the plowing depth is 20-23 cm, then respectively we take the stands 20 cm high.
You can use bricks or blocks as coasters.
Types of couplings for tiller
If we use a universal hitch, as shown in photo 3, then I recommend not to fix the adjusting screw, leave the locknuts (A) loosened, we also loosen the locknuts (B) that fix the hitch to the plow post. Now we can start adjusting the plow.