How to use an electronic jigsaw correctly. Rules for use

Tips when working with an electrician article

We already wrote about how to choose an electric jigsaw, and also made a rating of the best models in the opinion of the buyers themselves. And in this article we will talk about how to use them correctly. Although this tool seems simple, but, as it usually happens, there are always nuances. We’ll say right away that for experienced people who have already managed to work with an electrician, most information in this material will not be new, but beginners will definitely find something useful for themselves. Of course, without practical experience, all these tips are useless in themselves, but at least they will help to quickly get comfortable with this power tool and get a really good result.

In reviews about different models, you can read about the quality of the cut, usually people write that it is even (accurate) or vice versa). But everything is not so simple here. In fact, any electrician has an uneven cut, because its design already contains some freedom of the saw canvas. Does this mean that it is impossible to make an accurate cutter with an electric jigsaw? Of course, no, you just need to understand that for this it is necessary to comply with the main principles of work, as well as have some dexterity. The basic rules that you need to know are only a few.

Electricity is not the tool that requires great efforts. It must be very weakly pressed to the surface and gently set the direction. Of course, such work does not look too fast, but here either slowly and accurately or fast and bad. There are no other options.

When working with this tool, in principle, you have to make a choice between quality and speed. You do not always need quality, this is a fact, but if a flat cut is priority, then here you need to not rush and do not use some functions. For example, the pendulum move will accelerate the work, but the quality will suffer. These are the design features.

With experience comes the understanding that each material needs its own frequency. No, everyone knows about it, but only with experience people really see how important it is. Below we will write a few recommendations on how to work with different materials, but we note that these are only general tips.

Additional functionality is useful, but in fact, the power of the electrician will be in the first place. It is she who determines how thick the tool will cope with the material. And how quickly he can do it. And the difficulty here is that for different tasks, both too powerful and very weak models can be bad. But this is partially leveled by the fact that modern jigsaws have the opportunity to change many parameters and, in this sense, more advanced (and expensive models) will be better. But in general, everything is like with any other power tool: it needs to be chosen under your tasks, and not try to tighten the nail with a screwdriver.

The saw canvas (saw) also is of no small value. And then and the most important. Today there are many varieties of files, which is good on the one hand, as it allows you to choose the best option for your tasks. But on the other hand, it makes you get confused and for beginners from variety eyes scatter. And there is always a desire to save, and not buy a bunch of files for different tasks. And this is also acceptable, but if the quality of work is not in the first place. In general, you can write a separate material about the choice of files for the jigsaw, there are a lot of nuances there.

These are the basic principles of working with an electrician, one might say, a kind of foundation. Of course, this is far from all, there are many others, which in themselves are not so important, but in aggregate very affect the result. Here are a few:

The workplace should be well lit. It is worth considering that the housing of the jigsaw will give a shadow, which is especially true when using the upper lighting. Therefore, professionals either choose linen linas or use additional light sources to illuminate the working area.

Do not forget about additional devices, such as stops, guides, etc.D. All this requires spending more time, but if you need an exact cut, there is no other choice. We recommend watching a video on YouTube on this topic, where there are very interesting examples and real life hacks. This is just the case when it is better to see once than read ten times.

It is believed that the thickness of the material should be at least three teeth of the saw. In itself, this is not so important in itself, but this proportion will make it easy to choose the right file. That is, the thicker the material, the larger the teeth. A very simple way, although not too accurate, because the characteristics of the material itself are not taken into account here. But for wood is relevant.

Files should be changed without unnecessary thoughts, do not forget that this is a consumable. If you feel that the teeth have swept away, you need to throw a file and take another. Dumb teeth very much affect both speed and quality of work.

Of course, changing the files is not too nice, because they can be expensive. Especially if you take them from well.known manufacturers. On the other hand, expensive saw canvases for electrician and serve much longer. But their service life also depends on operation. For example, do not allow overheating, which really affects their wear. When heated, the metal becomes softer, which leads to faster wear.

How to cut different materials

About how to work with different materials, you can write separate articles. There are a lot of small nuances, but most of this will still come only with personal experience. However, it’s worth talking about the main points.


First of all (which is obvious) you need to choose peak for metal, which differ in small teeth. The jigsaw should be powerful, but at the same time the speed of the course is placed low. A substrate is placed under the sheet metal (from plywood, wood-bruise, etc.D.) what will prevent vibrations of the sheet and make work much more comfortable. The pendulum move is turned off, the process itself should be leisurely, without excess pressure.

The speed of the course should be low, which we wrote above, but it also depends on the thickness and type of metal. If we are talking about soft (like copper or aluminum), then it is quite acceptable to work at higher speeds. Also remember what we wrote above about the wear of the files due to their cooling. When working with metal, this becomes even more relevant, so they either take frequent breaks or use cooling.


This is at the same time the simplest and most difficult in working with an electric jigsaw. On the one hand, everything is simpler than with metal, on the other hand, wood has many different varieties and parameters that require different files. But in theory, most tasks can be performed with standard saws, even if it will not be too effective. General tips on the cut of wood with a jigsaw are as follows:

Speed ​​depends on the thickness, as well as on how quickly the saw canvas heats up. In most cases, exhibit the maximum move.

If there are no special requirements for the quality of the cut, and the performance is in the first place, then the pendulum course is already included here, which significantly increases the speed of work.

The file is most often chosen based on the thickness of the workpiece, and the type of wood can also pay attention to. In general, the widest assortment is precisely wood for wood, here you can find many different options.

Laminate and wood-piece plate

Everything is generally very simple here, but there is a problem that is a key. These are chips that are formed on the edge and which very strongly spoil the appearance of the coating. There is only the only way to avoid this, which greatly facilitates the laminate of the laminate by an electrician. These are special files with teeth that are directed in the opposite from the jigsaw. They prevent the appearance of chips. If there is no opportunity to use such a file, then they saw from the inside of the laminate. Chips will be, but not on the outside. Also consider that the laminate file, by virtue of its design, is, as it were, pushes away from the material, so when working you need to be careful and hold the jigsaw tightly. Similar rules should be followed when sawing a wood-based slab.

Plastic and plexiglass

Everything is simple here: a saw with small teeth, small speed. Small speed is needed and then so that the material does not heat up and does not melt. This not only harms him, but also contributes to the stuck of the file itself. But again, there may be nuances, because plastic can be of different types.

The remaining materials, such as ceramics, tiles, porcelain tiles and others, require special files that can be very expensive. For example, porcelain tiles can have diamond spraying, which increases their cost. But there is no choice in this case, other types will be either ineffective or quickly fail.

How to use it correctly. tips for beginners

The use of an electrician does not require special professional skills that are being developed over the years. At the first sawdrops, the master studies the possibilities of this instrument in speed of sawing, the behavior of the file, weight, power, etc.D. Further, everything you need to work is to hold the tool and accurately direct the file along the cut line.

You can not rush and put pressure on the file before she did it drank on the current section. The saw should have time to drink the site, completely throw the sawdust from the cut and only then move on. Therefore, the electrician should be moved smoothly and calmly, without reducing the speed of the electric motor.

To facilitate the cut in a straight line, on most models there is a “pendulum course” mode or swing. When it is turned on, the saw walks not only up and down, but also back and forth, which facilitates and accelerates the cut.

The regime of the pendulum passage is included only at straight sawdust, when speed is required and the gusts and chips of the material at the edges of the cut are not important.

We also recommend reading a useful article-breeding about how to cut an electrician correctly, it describes all possible and necessary situations when working with this tool, and also analyzed safety precautions.

What work can be done

This tool does not need to do what it does worse than other tools: stationary and hand disk saws, endings, chain and strip saws. Although no one prohibits this. In the absence of another tool, you can, for example, cut a small meter of the review and a jigsaw. But it is more rational to use it in their special capabilities, which are not given by other sawing tools.

  • clipping ornaments on panels, platbands;
  • cutting holes, ovals in size of more than 50 mm;
  • washed out spikes, grooves, samples, etc.D;
  • rounding of straight angles on the ends of the blanks;
  • Cream of thin sheets of plywood, wood.fiber slab, etc.P.

Electrolobzik, as a rule, is much easier than a disc saw and work with large areas of a large area can be more convenient for them.

In addition, the use of special files allows you to use an electrolobian for work on the following materials:

Cutting wood and wood.containing materials

Listen wood.containers include materials based on chips, sawdust, wood fibers, compressed and glued with various adhesives and tar according to different technologies. This is a wood-fiber plate (wood-fiber plate), wood-bruise (wood-bearing plate), laminated woody plate (laminated woody plate), etc.P.

For their cutting, special files with appropriate marking are used. For example:

Many pieces are universal, they can be sawed by both wood and leaf materials based on wood.

  • for a quick rough cut (large tooth);
  • for pure cut (smaller tooth);
  • for cutting without gusts of laminate, plywood (small tooth with specially oriented inclination and sharpening).

Artistic thread on wood and faner

In such processing, an electrician is indispensable. Some work can be done with a manual jigsaw, and then not all. At a hand.lobby, the saw is attached on both sides. It cannot be introduced, for example, into a hole with a diameter of 8 or 12 mm to continue sawing along long lines. With a file of an electrician you can start sawing with a hole anywhere in the workpiece.

Electrolobsik saws fast enough. You can saw several layers of thin blanks at the same time, for example, from plywood, so that several blanks are made at once in one pass.

We also recommend reading an interesting article about cutting a jigsaw.

Crinoline cuts

To cut out curved profiles, use files with a small tooth and the highest possible canvas. A wide canvas maneuvers worse with steep turns to drink, sometimes they just can’t do it in a narrow radius.

With such a thread, it is important to quickly and accurately mark the markings. Unique products are marked according to their own drawings and sketches. For non.monitor, you can use ready.made patterns. Also, one pattern can be marked with repeated elements.

With a curved thread, files break more often due to turns. Therefore, crooked lines saw more slowly and more accurately. Better to have several spare pieces.

Riding a circle

In the kit of most models, there is a compass for cutting along the radius (in a circle). This is a bar (rod or plate), one end of which is fixed on the electric electrolobian case. And the second due to the acute tip is installed in the center of the circle. Separately, you can buy both the same simple and more complex device with linear marking.

By the same principle, you can cut a semicircle. Ovals, ellipses and other figures cut out by preliminary marking with a pencil, marker, sharp tip, etc.D.

The holes of a small diameter are sometimes easier to drill, in the presence of a drill or crown of the desired diameter.

Work with metals

For cutting metal, special files are used on non.ferrous or ferrous metals. But an electrician for cutting metal is ineffective. Other tools are better handled by other tools. “monkey” (corner grinder) with metal disk, gas cutter, rapid saws, metal scissors, etc.D.

There are cases when the use of an electrician for cutting metal is justified. For example, when cutting thin metal, when there is no other tool. Also, an electrician can be indispensable when you need to cut a round or curved hole in the middle of the workpiece. You can also cut a small corner, channel or pipe with a good file with a good file.

When sawing thick metal, it is advisable to lubricate the file with any machine oil. On machines for these purposes, a water.oil emulsion is used. It not only lubricates, but also cools the file.

We also recommend reading an interesting article about the work of an electrician with metals.

How to saw plastic

Plastics are very different from each other in their properties. These are polypropylene, polyethylene of high and low pressure, polystyrene foam, etc.D. All of them saw in different ways.

Solid but fragile materials can crack under the influence of a file. Too soft. to knit in the teeth and clog them, which makes sawing it impossible. However, many plastics are well sawed in the jigsaw. You can saw specific plastic with an electrician or not, is determined by trial saws. At the same time, the correct selection of saws is important.

The rest of the plastics is drunk with the same techniques as other materials.

Cutting laminated coatings

When cutting an electrician of any materials with a laminated coating, the main problem is chips and decorative ruptures. Sometimes this is permissible if the cut is hidden when assembling the product is hidden. But in many cases, such damage spoil the workpiece.

Beginner’s guide to hole joinery | WOODWORKING BASICS

The laminate is sawn with a jigsaw with a file on the laminate “pure cut” or metal. The pendulum move is not used.

What tool is needed

All tasks are performed by different tools. 3 main groups of tools working on the principle of lobe are applied.


This is the simplest option, saws of different sizes that are held within the framework. In principle, a jigsaw can be called a metal file in a frame and a small beam wood saw. But classically, the so.called jewelry jigsaw, a short thin saw in a high frame.

jigsaw, correctly, rules

Manual electric

Electricity has a number of advantages and minuses in comparison with a simple manual tool. He saws fast and easy. The efforts of the master are only to guess his file for sure.

The minus is that this tool is quite clumsy. The saw is fixed with only one end in the rod. Therefore, it is inclined to go away from the marking. Visual control over the progress of the saw is somewhat difficult.

Therefore, the finest and exact work is performed by a manual tool, more rough. electrical.

If you need an electric jigsaw, then before buying, we strongly recommend that you get acquainted with 9 tips that will help you choose an electrician.

Table electric

This is a variant of a mobile (manual) electrician. The only difference is that it is stationary. If a hand tool moves through the workpiece, then in a stationary workpiece is pulled under a file. For this reason, it is more difficult to work with bulky details.

At the same time, among table options there are highly effective and productive tools. Especially those who work on the principle of tape saw. Instead of a file, they have a closed saw tape in a circle on two guide wheels. In its pure form, such a tool is called not a jigsaw, but precisely a desktop tape saw. But on it it is quite possible to perform tasks for the jigsaw.

There are also stationary jigsaws of different capacities and classical performance, where the saw makes reciprocating movements. At the same time, on some models it is fixed with more than one end in the leading rod, but also the second in the passive (led) rod, which makes the cuts more accurate.

What plywood to use

Plywood. popular material for such carving. Outwardly it imitates a tree. At the same time, it is less prone to drying, the formation of cracks and the warfare. This is achieved by the fact that individual layers when gluing are laid alternately along and across the fibers. At the same time, the fibers of one layer work on transverse stretching, others for longitudinal, which holds the material from cracks.

Choose plywood plywood and thickness. On sale you can find sheets of five varieties, from the first to the highest (elite) variety. Photos of samples:

Quality choice depends on the type of product that has to be done. When selling sheets do not cut plywood. From a sheet of plywood 2-4 varieties in size, for example, 1.5×1.5 m, you can cut the highest quality pieces. At the same time, you need to ensure that the low.grade plywood does not lay.

It does not always make sense to buy grinded sheets, since products after manufacturing are most often polished by a “zero”.

The second choice parameter. sheet thickness. On sale you can find sheets with a thickness of 3 mm to 30 mm. A special plywood is also sold up to 50 mm thick.

Plywood is more difficult to drink with a thickness of 5 mm, but gives greater strength to the product. The thickness is selected based on the optimal ratio of “sufficient strength x Opportance, the ease of drank x Price.

How to cut out patterns

After the sawing technique is mastered, you can go to more complex options, for example, to obtain figures. The principle of operation is exactly the same, but you need to act more carefully. Drinking with an electrician on wood of patterns instructions are this:

  • Transfer the pattern to thick paper.
  • Cut the stencil, helping with a sharp knife.
  • Attach this template to the material and circle with a pencil.
  • Prepare the device for work, as described above, and start sawing. To make the cut accurate, cutting a wood with an electrician can be carried out using a parallel emphasis. It is attached to the tool using screws.
  • To drill a hole, first it can be done with a drill, and then insert a file. There is another option. the file is smoothly lowered into the thickness of the material until it becomes a vertical. This is a cutting technology.
  • Then move along the contour and finish the work. This is the main way to cut out the patterns.

Drinking advice

Since figured sawing is a special type of work, it is first recommended to practice on the workpieces. After that, you can start the main stage, and it is advisable to adhere to such rules:

  • Focus. Thanks to this, you can saw not only standing, but also sitting.
  • If you need to cut a section of a small area, preliminarily a hole is made in the center.
  • When changing the angle, you need to change the place of the canvas itself. In this case, the tool is left in the same position.
  • Drinking an electrician from plywood for obtaining figures involves smooth and leisurely actions. Even one uneven movement can ruin the entire result or create a significant defect.
  • Even if you work carefully enough, after sawing there are irregularities and roughness. This is a completely normal phenomenon. the surfaces are processed so that they are smooth.

Thus, even complex openwork details can be sawed with an electrician. The principle of operation of the equipment is simple, so even a newcomer will cope with sawing. In almost all modern models, the depth drank sufficient to make any blanks. But it should be borne in mind that if the canvas is too thick, it will not be so difficult to pull the sawdust. In addition, it is important to observe safety precautions, since the saw does not have a protective mechanism.

Guide tire for a jigsaw

auxiliary devices of a loading saw

The guide for the jigsaw is an elementary, at first glance, a device similar to a large metal ruler or rule. The main difference between the tire from the above devices is a special groove, according to which, as along the rails, the sole with an electrician installed on it moves. Most guides have rubberized stripes that prevent sliding on the surface of the material, and as additional fixation, are attached with small clamps. The average length of such devices is from 1.5 to 3 meters, and can be increased by another, similar to a ruler, using an adapter.

How to make a curved cut

Crinoline cut, like even, start with markings. Be sure to connect the vacuum cleaner or turn on the purge to remove the garbage from the markings.

Drinking with an electrician of figured products is carried out without a pendulum. In this case, a narrow canvas with small teeth is used, which allows you to easily change the direction of movement.

Safety precautions

The jigsaw refers to the tools quite easy to use. But still, the presence of a fairly acute cutting element requires compliance with some safety rules:

  • The cut of any materials should be carried out on a flat stable surface during preliminary fixing of the canvas. In this case, the cutting of parts on weight is completely excluded.
  • Cut the blanks at a distance from the eyes of at least 40 centimeters. For protection, it is recommended to use special glasses.
  • Before work, you should make sure of the strength of fixing the file and the rest of the adjacent parts.
  • Before including an electrician on the network, it is necessary to check the integrity of the electric cable.
  • The handle of the cutting device must be securely fixed. Otherwise, the tool can slip and injure.
jigsaw, correctly, rules

When cutting out blanks from various materials, you should always take into account the technical capabilities of the tool. The competent use of the jigsaw and compliance with all safety rules in the process of its operation will easily cut out any detail according to the planned sketch.

Work with metal

Speaking of metal parts is carried out using files with small cloves. The speed of the course is selected low, the pendulum course is not used at all. In the process, the metal vibrates, so it is pressed with clamps to the plywood or pinched inside two sheets, forming a “sandwich”.

To reduce friction and prevent overheating of the material, in the direction of movement of the electric saw, literally a drop of oil is applied. This will improve the speed and quality of the cut, as well as facilitate the process of work.

The specifics of using an electrician is associated with its universality. Cut the part “without complaints about quality” is very simple. Knowing the subtleties and special techniques of working with an electrician will allow the master to perform work not only quickly, but also of efficient.

And, of course, experience is important. No theory can replace it. We repeat here the advice that is given above: train on pieces of unnecessary material, try various nozzles, change the operating modes.

Smooth radius washed down

When trying to make a steep radius of washed down, a wide saw is not able to turn, and move smoothly along the drawn contour. In this case, the cut is uneven. However, it is quite possible to make it perfectly, if you pre.perform the cuts, as shown in the photo.

Thanks to cuts, segments will be separated with the cut, thereby releasing the file. As a result, she will not jam, and will be able to move exactly along the drawn contour.

Drinking the inner opening in sheet material

Sprinkle the inner hole in the sheet material can be two ways. If you attach a jigsaw to the working surface at an angle, touching it at the same time with the edge of the sole and files, then when starting the latter will make an through insert. After that it will already be easy to saw in a circle, cutting out a hole.

The method is excellent, but sometimes the canvas hit at an irregular angle, from which it can break.

It is safer for the tool to first drill the part with a large drill, in the opening of which the pile canvas of the jigsaw. Then we insert it, and cut the workpiece.

a way how to make an ideal cut with an electrician

Probably, many faced such a problem when, when sawing plywood or laminated wood-bearing plate using an electrician on the surface of the workpiece, chips and bullying remain.

Of course, such a quality of sawing is no good. But what to do to avoid this?

As an option, you can buy a high.quality wood saw with a small tooth. However, this does not guarantee the perfect cut.

However, there are four ways how to saw off plywood or laminated wood-brown stove without chips and bullying. Not perfect, but still as neat as possible.

The author of YouTube The Maker shared his personal experience with us. We recommend taking note!

with painting tape

On the surface of the workpiece (plywood or wood-piece plate), glue the strip of painting tape. After that, we make a cut with an electrician.

But it is advisable to use a file with a small tooth.

Such a simple way will allow you to reduce chips and lifts in the process of cutting many times. You can see the result at the photo below.

Using plastic

Cut a piece of plastic of a suitable size, and make it drank a jigsaw under a file in it. After that, we fasten a piece of plastic to the sole of the electrician.

Make markings on the workpiece, then saw. Chips and bullying on the surface of plywood or laminated woody stove will be much smaller.

And if you stick a strip of paint tape on the workpiece (that is, combine the first and second method), then the result will be even better.

with the help of a stationery knife

We apply a square to the workpiece, and with the help of a stationery knife we ​​cut out a fishing line for a trimmer along the site of the saw. Then we cut through the same fishing line for a trimmer on the other side.

The resulting groove should correspond to the thickness of the saw canvas.

Next, with the help of an electrician we make a cut. The result is much better than if you saw without prior preparation.

using a wood-cutting stove

This method is very simple, but also quite effective.

On top of the workpiece we lay a piece of wood-bearing plate with the laminated side down. We fix it with a clamp.

Then, using a jigsaw, we make a cut. The result can be seen in the photo below.

So we examined 4 methods of how an electrician can be cut a plywood billet or a wood-piece plate with a minimum number of chips and bullets. Choose the most suitable method for you and try!

You can also combine several different ways to achieve the most good and high.quality result.

How to make a flat drink by an electrician

A manual electric one is more intended for curly cuts: for cutting squares, triangles, circles, etc.D.

Therefore, when it is necessary to cut off the workpiece strictly in a straight line. this does not always succeed the first time.

However, there is a simple way to make a perfectly flat drinking electric. Even if you are not a professional master.

To do this, you will need to make a simple device (equipment). The idea was shared by the author of YouTube Channel Enredando No Garaxe.

Please note: a home.made device is designed for sawing blanks of a certain thickness.

The main stages of work

First of all, we cut off a piece of plexiglass of the required size.

Install an electrician on it and glue the cupsglass blocks (lateral limiters) along the edges.

After that, with the help of a jigsaw, we make a cut in the workpiece. Again, set the jigsaw in its place and glue another piece of plexiglass in front.

Using the jigsaw correctly. instructions for working with a jigsaw

At the next stage, we saw off a piece of a wooden bar and a plywood blade. Cut the groove in the cube. We glue a strip of plywood into it.

Assembly of the device

In the supporting platform, we drill four holes from the plexiglass and insert the fasteners into them.

Then we install an electrician and fix it along the edges using metal washers and lamb nuts.

In the end, it remains only to fasten the part from the bar and plywood to the screws. We fasten the bearings to the bar, which will not allow the file to deviate to the side.

Homemade is ready! Now you can test the equipment for an electrician in work. We fix the board on the table and make a straightforward drain.

The first test showed that she coped with her task perfectly! The cut turned out to be perfectly flat.