How to work with an electric jigsaw for wood

How to cut metal with a jigsaw

An electric jigsaw can serve as an alternative to an angle grinder in cases where you need to work with profiles, pipes, sheet metal. It is this material that gives the highest load on tools and files. Be prepared to take breaks from work and frequently change consumables.

The maximum metal thickness that household and semi-professional jigsaws can work with is 10 mm.

Before cutting metal with a jigsaw, you need to select special saw blades.

Set of metal saws Dnipro-M T 118 A are made of solid steel and are perfect for straight cuts. Use the pendulum function to reduce wear and prevent melting of the working part.

work, electric, jigsaw, wood

What is a jigsaw for?

Most often, an electric jigsaw is used to make wood products. This tool has found wide application in the furniture industry, where elements and parts of various shapes are made with its help.

If, when working with an electric jigsaw, you choose the right consumable and cutting mode, then you can:

  • make straight and curved cuts;
  • sawing circles without damaging the sheet;
  • cut thin metal;
  • to make products from wood up to 10 cm thick (the Dnipro-M LE-110R electric jigsaw model cuts 11 cm bars);
  • cut plastic;
  • sawing ceramic and porcelain tiles.

Whether a power tool can work with a particular material will depend on the power and type of the tool (household, semi-professional, professional). Not all electric jigsaws have additional functions, such as an angled cut or the ability to connect additional elements and tools. To find the right tool, read the article “How to choose a jigsaw”.

In this case, you also need to select the right saw blades. The pitch of the teeth, their length, material are taken into account.

How to cut sheet materials straight

The main purpose of a jigsaw is to get an even cut. The easiest way to make it.

The first step is to make the markup, which will serve as a guide when working. If the edge of the workpiece is straight and you just need to make it smaller, use a rip fence. It is a T-shaped device that attaches to the sole of an electric jigsaw.

To reduce the wear of the file, the pendulum stroke is switched on. Move the jigsaw slowly, without jerking. Moving too fast or jerking will have a detrimental effect on the mowing line of the cut and additional processing (e.g. sanding) will be required.

How to cut circles

Cutting a circle in a workpiece is one of the most difficult tasks for a beginner. But there is nothing incredible in it, since you can quickly learn how to work correctly with a jigsaw.

  • Disable the pendulum stroke.
  • Make the markup.
  • Drill a hole for the saw blade.
  • Install the compass and get to work.

You can make a compass with your own hands. To do this, you need a flat board and a self-tapping screw. The jigsaw is securely fixed on the bar. Next, the required segment is measured (equal to the radius of the circle), and a self-tapping screw is screwed into the center, which will serve as the axis of rotation.

How to make a curved cut

A curved cut, like a straight cut, begins with a markup. You should definitely connect a vacuum cleaner or turn on the purge to remove debris from the markings.

Sawing with a jigsaw of figured products is carried out without a pendulum motion. A narrow blade with fine teeth is used, which makes it easy to change the direction of travel.

Getting started: how to turn on the jigsaw and start sawing

  • Working with an electric jigsaw begins with a visual inspection. The tool and power cable must not be visibly damaged.
  • Next, the saw blade is installed (it should always be removed before storage).
  • Before starting work with a jigsaw, adjustment is carried out. First of all, the frequency of movement of the file is selected suitable for the material. If you want to make an edge cut, you need to set the cutting angle. On the Dnipro-M electric jigsaws, this is easy thanks to the inclined sole. If the task allows, the pendulum stroke is switched on, and the amplitude of movement of the canvas is selected.
  • If necessary, install a parallel stop or compass to make holes in the workpiece.
  • If a lot of dust is generated during operation, connect a vacuum cleaner.

How to cut thin and thick wood

The electric jigsaw was created for working with wood, and therefore it is not at all strange that most of the work is carried out with this material. over, you can cut with equal success:

  • solid wood;
  • lumber;
  • pressed wood.

Different webs are used depending on the thickness of the material. over, they will differ not only in length, but in the frequency and size of the teeth. The thinner the material, the smaller and denser the teeth should be.

To obtain a clean cut on thick wood, use saws with progressive teeth, which are gradually reduced.

How to cut ceramic tiles with a jigsaw

Ceramic tiles are one of the most difficult building materials, as they combine hardness and fragility. It is necessary to work with it with a special blade, which allows you to get an even cut without chips.

Cut ceramic tiles with a jigsaw only evenly. Edging and curly cutting will not give a good result, as the tile will begin to break.

You need to cut the tiles with a jigsaw very carefully. This is done in one smooth movement. Stops should not be allowed. The pendulum movement of the canvas is turned off.

Features of preparing the jigsaw for work

File selection. One of the main parameters of high-quality sawing is a correctly selected file. For each material, the corresponding type of this cutting tool is provided:

  • If you want to make a straight cut in wood, then you should choose a blade with medium (or large) teeth. This file can be used to cut parquet, laminate, board. It is better to use files with a wide blade. On some saw models, you can see a special badge. clean for wood. this is how manufacturers mark products for wood processing. They are easier to manage without excessive effort. The smooth start function will help to ensure an even cut. the engine accelerates gradually, without jerking;
  • For metal, it is better to take a narrow saw with fine teeth. The thickness of the cut in metal is usually 3 to 5 mm. The strongest alloys and stainless steel are easier to cut with a blade with the finest teeth. And for durable plastic and non-ferrous metals, you can choose a larger tooth size. Files for such operations are marked with the inscription. for metal;
  • Ceramics or tiles are treated with a fabric without teeth. Instead, an abrasive compound is applied to the file, most often diamond spraying. The tool gently rounds the edges and makes a straight cut. Recognizing the canvas is not difficult. In addition to the absence of teeth, the lateral surface has a marker. special for ceramics;
  • It is easiest to perform shape sawing with a narrow and thin file with a fine tooth. Such a blade is not clamped during turning operations, which contributes to accurate, error-free cutting. Hitachi CJ65V3 is considered one of the best tools for shape cutting. even carved furniture is too tough for this jigsaw.
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How to insert a file into a jigsaw. Correctly fixing the file is necessary not only for accurate cutting, but also to prevent injuries during work. Jigsaws are available with different types of saw blade attachments:

  • Shoe. The most used type of clamp. The blade is inserted into the block and clamped against the stop with two screws. Tighten the screws carefully, not skewing the file. Replacing a blunt blade is just as simple. the screws are loosened, the file is pulled out, a new one is inserted in its place.
  • Screw. In such devices, the file is placed in a clamp and tightened with one screw. The canvas changes quickly and effortlessly. The main thing in the installation is to check the angle of the inserted saw. Experts recommend not to tighten the screw to the limit. this will lead to excessive vibration of the blade.
  • Keyless. Not universal. This attachment is only used for a certain type of file. In addition, users have complaints about the reliability of the file fixation. Installation and replacement of the blade is performed as follows: the lever on the clamp is pulled back, the blunt blade is pulled out, a new blade is inserted, snaps into place, the lever is returned to its place.

How to work with a jigsaw: features and rules

When cutting straight or circular holes, it is important to select the correct mode. Both the quality of cutting and the safety of the tool itself depend on this. Experienced craftsmen intuitively feel the work of the tool, but there are basic recommendations for working with various materials.

Working with wood. It seems obvious to many craftsmen how to work with a jigsaw on wood. But there are nuances. For example, for soft woods, it is more advisable to cut at high speed. The denser and harder the wood, the lower the speed of movement of the saw should be. The pendulum motion of the 1st stage should be connected when working with workpieces more than 3 cm, and if the board is more than 5 cm thick, then it is better to switch to the 2nd stage and higher. For example, the GRAPHITE 58G061 in pendulum mode can handle a board up to 65 mm.

An interesting fact: many models of jigsaws, for example, Sparky TH 60E, are equipped with a pendulum function. This function allows the file to move not only up and down, but also slightly to the sides. The multistage pendulum movement is used only for straight sawing, for oversized workpieces or a large sawing volume, when productivity is needed, and the cleanliness of the cut can be neglected. Pendulum sawing speed is dramatically increased with little loss of quality.

Metal cutting. The metal is cut at low speed without the use of a pendulum mechanism. To improve the quality of the cut and reduce the loads on the tool, it is recommended to apply a special composition to the cutting line. water mixed with machine oil. In addition, it is imperative to pause in work to cool the tool. Makita JV0600K has proven itself to be excellent for such operations. you can connect a vacuum cleaner to it to collect sawdust.

Plastic cutting. The difficulty of sawing plastic and similar materials, such as plexiglass or PCB, is the fragility of the materials being processed. Despite their low hardness, they can deform, crack or chip. Therefore, it is better to cut them slowly, using a fine-toothed saw.

Working with other materials. A household jigsaw is often used to cut or round tiles and ceramic tiles. Its strength is low, so the processing speed should be set low, avoiding shock loads.

In any case, when trying to saw a material whose “behavior” is unknown, you need to consider its strength, thickness and hardness. To understand how best to set up a jigsaw for this material, you need to try different modes in non-critical areas of the workpiece, and the work of various files.

Here you can see the key parameters of jigsaws from leading companies:

Safety engineering

Do not neglect the rules of working with such a tool. this can lead to injury. Therefore, it is important to know how to work correctly and safely with a jigsaw. A few tips for using:

  • Be sure to wear safety glasses and a respirator;
  • Do not lean on the jigsaw, achieving more significant pressure on the material;
  • With any pause, the jigsaw should be turned off;
  • Do not dismantle the protective screen;
  • Securely fix the processed material;
  • Turn off the instrument if smoke, sparks or abnormal noise appears.

How to use a jigsaw: 5 features of working with the tool

Connoisseurs of unusual design solutions are often delighted with pictures with beautiful rounded elements of furniture, stairs and structures that adorn the interior of houses. At first glance, such details are not available to ordinary users. But, having special electrical tools and learning how to work with them, you can create interesting interior things that emphasize the uniqueness and individuality of the style of the room.

One such hand tool is a jigsaw. This article describes how to work with a jigsaw for novice craftsmen, how to set it up, choose files and get the desired result.

5 important recommendations

It takes a lot of practice to get used to working with a jigsaw like the Bosch GST 8000E and getting smooth cuts. The main thing is not to forget about the basic features of working with this power tool. So, tips for beginners on how to work with a jigsaw correctly:

  • Before any operation, you should check the serviceability of the tool. only a well-functioning device can give a smooth and high-quality cut.
  • The files must not be blunt. This is checked visually. sharp peaks of the teeth indicate a good condition of the cutting blade.
  • When cutting, the bottom plane of the jigsaw must fit entirely on the surface of the workpiece. This guarantees a smooth cut and prevents vibration.
  • Deformation of thin sheet material can be avoided by using a backing.
  • It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions when selecting saws and cutting modes.
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To better understand how to work with a jigsaw on wood, you should watch a video from experienced craftsmen.

Additional accessories

The jigsaw with an electric drive is a hand tool, however, if necessary, it can be secured using a stop bar and a parallel stop.

Sometimes you need to saw off a part covered with a layer of paint or varnish, and I really don’t want to scratch it. For this case, a plastic shoe or self-adhesive felt is provided.

In addition to files, rasp and grinding attachments can be installed on the tool. Thanks to the first, the corners are rounded, and with the help of the second they clean the finished product.

Some models provide for the use of a pendulum mechanism, due to which the sawing process is accelerated. This function is good for making rough cuts, as the quality and accuracy of the cut line will be reduced. When working with plastic and metal, the use of the pendulum mechanism is unacceptable.

When working with a jigsaw, a lot of fine dust is formed, which harms the respiratory system. You can get rid of it by connecting a construction vacuum cleaner to the nozzle of the device, which will suck in all the dust generated during the operation of an electric jigsaw.

DIY jigsaw jig: cutting wood straight with a jigsaw

If the purchase of two tools is not affordable, a jigsaw with the function of blowing the working area will be enough for work.

How to prepare the instrument

It will be useful for beginners in this business to learn how to work with a jigsaw correctly, but first we will talk about preparing the tool for use:

  • The first step is to carefully study the operating instructions for the electrical appliance.
  • Visually assess the appearance of the device for damage: cracks, chips, cable integrity.
  • Choose a saw in accordance with the quality of the material with which you have to work.
  • Select the appropriate mode. Here are some examples: to work with soft tree species, it is necessary to set the maximum speed and apply a pendulum mechanism. If you need to cut a chipboard sheet, then leave the high speed of the cutting blade, but the pendulum mechanism will be superfluous here because it will contribute to the appearance of chips.

To avoid injury, you need to adhere to safety precautions when working with a jigsaw: wear protective goggles and gloves.

Device device

The electric jigsaw is designed for cutting various sheet materials. Depending on the purpose, jigsaws are:

  • professional;
  • semi-professional:
  • household.

The differences lie in the technical characteristics and functionality of the tools.

Before you learn how to use a jigsaw, you need to familiarize yourself with its device. The tool consists of:

  • Aluminum body.
  • Electric motor. Powerful tool will be able to cut thicker and stronger material.
  • Gearbox covers.
  • Pendulum stroke control buttons. The pendulum mechanism allows you to make an accurate cut of materials with a low density (soft woods, plywood, foam).
  • Covers and brackets for safe work.
  • Support roller for sawing.
  • Chip blowing regulator.
  • Regulator of the number of strokes of the saw, on which the speed of its movement depends.
  • Slab tilt adjuster. It allows you to cut wood at an angle of 15, 30, 45 and 90 degrees.
  • Laser guide. Allows you to adhere to the drawn mowing line for cutting.
  • Keyless chuck, which acts as a saw.
  • Battery, thanks to which you can saw for some time with a jigsaw without being connected to the mains.

Markup

Marking is an important detail, because you need to avoid chipping on the front side of the part. Please note that chips are often formed on the side of the sheet towards the person working. Most often this applies to chipboard and fiberboard sheets. Based on this, the markings must be applied on the back side, and the canvas must be placed with the front side away from you.

For an accurate cut, you need to mark without allowances, and guide the saw near the mowing line of the marking. For the convenience of work, the workpiece must be secured using a bench clamp or sawing table.

Choosing saws for a jigsaw

Saws are purchased separately and are selected depending on the material of the cutting blade and whether you need a straight or curly cut. The packaging indicates the purpose of the saws, what material they are made of, as well as the direction and size of the teeth.

What can you saw with a jigsaw?

  • wood, plywood;
  • drywall;
  • metal;
  • aluminum;
  • Styrofoam;
  • glass;
  • ceramics;
  • rubber;
  • skin;
  • carpets.

One or another type of saw is selected depending on what you need to saw off.

Consider the varieties of jigsaw saws and determine what each of them can do.

  • With a wide canvas. Designed for cutting saw blades along a straight mowing line. With a saw like this, you don’t have to put in a lot of effort, just make a little directional correction. For a more accurate cutting line, you need to turn on the “Soft start” function, in which the motor gradually picks up speed.
  • Narrow saw. Needed for cutting material along a curved mowing line. To cut with maximum precision, use a tilting tool. The head turn radius depends on the selected jigsaw model.
  • With coarse teeth. Their purpose is to cut quickly, while the quality is poor.
  • Saws with fine teeth and a thin blade can cut the most complex shapes.

The quality of the jigsaw depends on the method of fastening the saw. When processing thick sheets with a high density of material, it is necessary to use equipment with a rigid mount.

Working with blunt saws can lead to tool breakage due to the increased load on the jigsaw motor. And also the quality of the cut will decrease.

How to use a jigsaw correctly

Every man, being a real owner, should not only have repair tools in his arsenal, but also be able to apply them in practice. It will be about one of the modern tools, namely the jigsaw. Let’s figure out what kind of device it is and how to work with it.

Jigsaw tips

To find out how to properly saw with an electric jigsaw, our tips will help:

  • Stronger is not better. This concerns the force of pressure on the device during operation. This style of sawing will break the tool. The correct use of the jigsaw is to firmly fix the device in the hand and direct the saw in the right direction.
  • Vibration occurs when processing thin metal sheets. To eliminate it, you need to reduce the speed of the saw and put a sheet of plywood under the metal. When cutting such material, there is a large load on the jigsaw motor, so you should periodically turn off the device to cool the motor.
  • For a high-quality and accurate cut, you need to fix the workpiece.
  • In order to avoid chipping from the bottom or top side, for example, laminated chipboard, you must choose the right saw or turn the board the right side. But if there is a need to get a cut without chips on both sides, then on top of the chipboard you need to put a small piece of the same plate and start sawing. The chip will remain on the additional material, and the desired plate will be with a clean cut.
  • To prevent chips from appearing, you can resort to this trick: glue adhesive tape according to the marking.
  • When sawing such fragile material as plastic, we recommend installing a saw with medium teeth, turning off the pendulum mechanism and setting the saw speed to the smallest.
  • In the event that it is necessary to cut out a part with a closed contour, and it is impossible to start sawing from the edge, then a hole is drilled in a convenient place, an electric jigsaw is inserted into it and work continues.
  • To cut plexiglass or non-ferrous metals, the saw must be treated with machine oil.
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We hope that our tips will help you, and if you have additional questions about how to use an electric jigsaw correctly, you can always watch the training video.

As it turned out, the jigsaw is an indispensable tool in everyday life that even a beginner can handle. And with the right approach and work experience, you can not only make straight cuts, but also cut out various curly details for decoration.

Bevel sawing

On all jigsaws, it is possible to cut under bevel, it is not very convenient and high-quality, but it happens that without it there is simply no way.

As a rule, there is a fixing screw at the bottom of the ski, release it and turn the ski to the required degree, focusing on the degree scale applied to the side of the ski. We fix this position with a screw and now you can start. I must say right away that free sawing under a bevel is extremely inconvenient and not of high quality, it is best to use a ruler or guide, or an auxiliary.

We cut a hole

Quite often, situations arise when it is necessary to make a cutout inside the workpiece, and in general it is not difficult to make it. In order to cut a hole inside the workpiece, in the corner we drill a hole (but so that it does not go beyond the line), with a drill having a diameter greater than the width of the jigsaw file. Next, we put the file into the hole and make sawing, adhering to the mowing line from the side of the waste part.

If the part to be cut is rectangular, then for ease of operation, it is worth making holes in each of the corners. And then approaching the next corner, you can make it with high quality.

If the corners have a rounded shape with small radii, then you can act a little differently.

Approaching the next corner, take the jigsaw file back, about 20-25 mm, and make another cut, towards the waste part, you can repeat this operation several times.

This way we expand the cut hole, which allows us to make a normal turn with a file without breaking it or making a “tan” on the wood.

7 applications of jigsaw. instructions from Dnipro-M

The electric jigsaw is widely used for working with sheet materials. It will come in handy in repairs, carpentry or furniture workshop. With a jigsaw, you can cut soft wood, plastic, drywall, as well as complex materials such as ceramic tiles and metal. Depending on the hardness and brittleness of the material, as well as the type of cut you want to get, the technique of working with a jigsaw will have some peculiarities. In this article, we will talk about how to cut the most popular building materials.

How to work with a jigsaw correctly?

Before starting work, without fail, make a markup with a pencil, and if the material is black or any other dark color, then you can use a black marker. Only you need to choose the one with the least thin drawing strip.

How to make powerfulJigsaw machine cutting from wood, how to make machine art ,wood working art

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How to cut ceramic tiles with a jigsaw

Ceramic tiles are one of the most difficult building materials, as they combine hardness and fragility. It is necessary to work with it with a special blade, which allows you to get an even cut without chips.

Cut ceramic tiles with a jigsaw only evenly. Edging and curly cutting will not give a good result, as the tile will begin to break.

You need to cut the tiles with a jigsaw very carefully. This is done in one smooth movement. Stops should not be allowed. The pendulum movement of the canvas is turned off.

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How to work with a jigsaw on wood