During the engine run-in period (this is approximately the trimmer operation on 2-3 tanks), the amount of oil can be increased. For example, mix it with gasoline in a 30: 1 ratio.
A small amount of oil mixed with gasoline leads to increased wear of the cylinder-piston group. An excess of oil in the mixture, although not so fatal, is also harmful. Coking of the piston rings, rapid formation of carbon deposits in the combustion chamber, and a drop in engine power may occur. In addition, the muffler mesh screen is coked. Therefore, some users (after the end of the warranty period for the trimmer) recommend dismantling it.
Gasoline Used in lawn mowers. AI 92. The brand of gasoline is precisely prescribed in the operating instructions. You should NOT try to “force” the engine, pour 95th gasoline into it. This can cause overheating, erratic trimmer operation and breakage.
It is not recommended to leave fuel in the trimmer tank during extended shutdowns. It is better to end the working day with the entire mixture completely exhausted. If this is not done, then, since the gasoline will evaporate from the engine overnight, and a thin film of oil will remain, the carburetor jets may become clogged. This will cause difficulty the next time you start the engine.
It is also necessary to observe safety precautions when storing fuel. Many people pour gasoline into a plastic water bottle. Is it worth doing this?
Some tricks for working with the Benzotrimmer.
Summer time has come, and lawn-mowers are habitually clattering on the personal plots. Great tool, powerful and mobile. With the help of a gasoline trimmer, you can also mow the grass, and get rid of the dried grass. However, there are times when the lawn mower will not start, work intermittently or not at full capacity. Here, of course, it’s not work! And as they say, you pull the starter handle more than you mow.
Launching difficulties arise Not only in well-worn lawn mowers, but also in new ones. How to be in this situation? There is only one way out. to listen to the advice of experts and take advantage of their practical experience!
Common Causes of Low RPM Lawn Mowers
The problem, when the lawn mower is NOT picking up speed, occurs mainly in gasoline units. This affects the equipment of various models, for example, Husqvarna, Champion, Stihl.
Such problems are less common with high-quality products than with cheap ones from unknown manufacturers.
Some of the structural elements, with which problems may be associated, are available for visual inspection, and to check the functioning of the remaining units, you will need to disassemble the lawn mower.
The petrol trimmer does NOT develop revs
This article will solve the problem of lawn mowers when they stall at high speeds on gas
In no case should you store gasoline in a plastic container from under water. When mixing the fuel mixture, a static charge builds up, you can “catch” the spark.
Therefore, at gas stations it is not allowed to fill gasoline in plastic cans, only in metal ones. Before pouring gasoline into a metal canister, it is better to put it on the ground, so static is removed from the case.
But there are situations when simple manipulation of the lawn mower does NOT help. The engine will still not start. In this case, it is used to check the power supply and ignition system, guided by the rule “the engine does not work if there is nothing to burn or nothing to set on fire”.
If everything is in order with the fuel, filters and spark plug, then the next source could be a gasoline engine. He may have the following mechanical failures:
- Carburetor problems;
- Engine drive train problems.
There is a small cable in the carburetor section. It can save and lead to the problem in question. Therefore, when dealing with the carburetor, you should first check the condition of the cable, and, if necessary, tighten (but not to the limit). The main thing is not to overdo it with a stretch, so that under load it does not crack.
Then you need to check the operating settings of the carburetor, which must correspond to the parameters given in the instructions. If they are installed correctly, and the desired effect is present, then the part should be disassembled, rinsed, cleaned, pumped through all its gait and assembled back. The carburetor itself must be free of mechanical damage.
If it is impossible to independently restore the performance of the carburetor, it is better to replace it with a new part or resort to the services of professionals.
In the event that adjusting or replacing the carburetor does not give the desired result, it is necessary to clean the drive mechanism and lubricate the cable located inside it with oil.
Engine problems can be eliminated with your own hands if you have the required skills, but it is better to use the services of a service center for this. Its specialists will carry out a comprehensive diagnostics of the trimmer and establish the exact cause of the drop in speed.
How to put the knife on the trimmer
With the arrival of summer, many owners of personal plots are worried about the question of how to put the knife on the trimmer. No less relevant are the questions of why and when it is advisable to replace the line for lawn mowers with a more durable cutting element. In our article we will try to disassemble all this and give useful recommendations to summer residents.
What knives does he put on an electric and lawn mower
Before buying and putting a knife on the lawnmower, find out what they are and in what cases they are used. Today manufacturers offer the consumer a large number of types of THESE consumables. In general, all cutting tools designed for mowing grass can be classified:
- By the type of material from which it is made;
- By the shape of its cutting blades.
The main material for making trimmer knives can be plastic or metal. The use of such consumables largely depends on two parameters:
- Lawn mowers type;
- Pokos square.
For safety reasons, manufacturers DO NOT recommend putting steel knives on electric trimmers. Almost all electric and battery powered lawn mowers are equipped with plastic blades. Depending on the manufacturer, they can be of a solid disc-shaped design, with several blades or in the form of a special mowing head providing for the installation of removable plastic blades.
Straight bar for petrol trimmer and curved for electric
Putting a metal knife on an electric trimmer is NOT allowed by its design features.
- The curved bar of the machine reduces the distance from its working part to the mower’s feet. In the event of a collision of the blades with a stone or other solid object, the scythe is thrown to the feet.
- The high torque we mentioned above, in the event of a metal blade hitting a hard object, transfers a large load to the trimmer flex shaft and its motor. What causes them to fail prematurely.
- The handle of the electric scythe most often does not have a Restraining bar acting as a stop. Which does NOT exclude injury to the legs.
It is these features that make it possible to use only plastic knives on a trimmer with electric motors. When colliding with an obstacle, the blades are destroyed, thereby protecting the mower’s legs from possible injuries.
The use of metal knives only on gasoline trimmers is also due to design features.
- Straight bar design increases leg clearance for complete safety.
- Comfortable U-shaped and J-shaped handles provide a firm grip. D-shaped handles of lawn mowers are equipped with stops resting against the mower’s leg, which does not allow the head to come up to the feet when the cutting disc meets a solid obstacle.
- The clutch of the gasoline engine allows for smooth acceleration to the optimum level. And when the blade collides into a hard surface, it is able to absorb part of the blow.
Thus, petrol trimmers with a metal blade installed are best used in large areas. They will successfully cope Not only with high coarse grass, weeds, burdocks and nettles, but also shrubs, as well as young trees.
The shape of the disc blades supplied to the trimmer in no way affects the quality of the work performed. Speed does not depend on them either. Triangular, trapezoidal, rectangular shapes are all marketing ploy of manufacturers.
Why you need to put the knife on the trimmer
A trimmer with a knife installed on it is most convenient to use for more comfortable Mowing of tall and coarse grass in the country. Lawn mowers’ line does NOT work in such cases. Thin breaks very quickly. Using 2.3mm thick cord or homemade rods with cables causes the vegetation to wrap around the spool. This increases the load on the engine. As a result, the piston group and other moving parts of the unit wear out very quickly.
If you mow Buryan with an electric trimmer without a knife, only a fishing line, even a thick one with a curly section, will not solve the problem. There is always a risk of overheating the motor and damaging the flexible shaft. And it’s all about the large torque of the electric motor. Grass wrapped around the spindle creates strong shaft resistance, reminiscent of a speedometer cable, which does NOT withstand and twists.
In order to protect the equipment from premature wear, manufacturers have provided the ability to install Special knives on trimmers. The design and shape of the existing cutting elements allows you to easily cope Not only with coarse and overgrown grass, but also successfully deal with young shrub growth.
How to put a knife on the trimmer correctly
Putting the knife on the trimmer is not that difficult. The manufacturer completes its tools with a special pin that allows you to lock the gearbox and a wrench with which the spool and fishing line are unscrewed. The most important thing is to observe safety precautions and the sequence of assembly and disassembly when changing cutting elements.
The algorithm for setting the knife to the trimmer is as follows:
- Remove the protective cover;
- Lock the drive. To do this, it is necessary to align two holes. in the shaft hub and in the gearbox cup. After combining them, insert a pin into the holes;
- Unscrew the spool with line or the attachment nut holding the boot in a clockwise direction from the hub (if the trimmer has NOT been used yet)
- Next, install the cutting knife so that the slots on the washer of the hub coincide with the recess in the hole of the cutting disc;
- Install the boot;
- We tighten the fastening nut (counterclockwise) while holding the locking pin;
- We tighten it using a tubular wrench;
- Replacing the protective cover.
As you can see, nothing complicated comments. Now you can safely start mowing Buryan on the site.
How to weed with a hoe
The chopper is a more traditional hand weeding tool, which is a hybrid of a hoe and a shovel. The advantage of the hoe is that it can be used not only for weeding, but also for hilling potatoes. The disadvantage is that working with a hoe requires significant physical effort and processing time.
When weeding with a hoe, it is important to follow these rules:
- Before work, you should check the serviceability of the blade, the reliability of its attachment to the handle;
- Work better with gloves, as calluses are quickly rubbed;
- Weeding should be combined with hilling bushes;
- The technique of strikes is important. the sharp edge of the hoe immediately enters the ground, then this action continues with a cutting movement towards oneself;
- Weeding and hilling should be done so as not to turn out the moist soil layers;
- It is better to leave weeds in the ridges of the beds;
- The beds should NOT be sharp, it is better to leave a groove in the middle into which rainwater will collect, thereby additionally feeding the bushes.
Method of growing potatoes without weeding
Particularly radical adherents of green farming argue that potatoes are not worth weeding at all without damage to the future harvest. over, this method was invented in the 19th century and is actively used by some agronomists. Weed control is also present in this method, but it has a different form.
For growing potatoes without weeding, the soil is prepared in the fall. To do this, it should be cleared of weeds in advance, Perekop or plowed, but without loosening, so that the soil breathes better. After that, humus is added to the soil mixed with ash, urea, nitrogen and potash fertilizers, which are fatal to the Colorado beetles and other pests. Above the area is covered with a thick layer of straw.
In autumn-winter, the straw will rot, prevent pests and weeds from entering the soil, forming a layer of natural mulch. Sprouted potatoes are planted without removing this mulch, fertilize the holes with prepared humus in advance.
After sprouting, a layer of mulch prevents the appearance of weeds, maintains a favorable temperature regime of the soil and retains moisture.
Thus, weeding potatoes is an integral part of potato cultivation, although there are cultivation methods that do NOT involve weeding. There are also many devices for weeding potatoes. from traditional manual to mechanized ones. Undoubtedly, the use of modern mechanized tools greatly facilitates and speeds up the process of weeding potatoes.
How to quickly weed potatoes
In any case, weeding potatoes will take some effort and time. At the same time, there are ways that allow you to do this faster, while weeding with an ordinary hoe is the slowest way.
First of all, it is important to remember that it is better to shed the soil 2-3 days before weeding, since it will be harder to weed into dry soil. At the same time, it is not worth flooding the area so that dirt will hold on to it for several days. This will not only delay weeding, but can negatively affect plant health.
Of the hand tools, faster weeding will be provided by flat cutters of the type “Swift”, “Gardener”, which can be additionally equipped with star-shaped wheels to facilitate movement. Weeding is carried out by forward movements from oneself, deepening the tool blade by 2-3 cm.
From power tools, a trimmer or tiller will provide quick weeding. As mentioned above, the trimmer can only weed, but not huddle the beds. At the same time, a V-shaped nozzle can be installed on the tiller, which will ensure cutting of high-quality combs in the potato beds.
Is it possible to weed potatoes during flowering?
Regarding this issue, experienced agronomists and amateur gardeners were divided into two camps: some believe that potatoes in no case should be overgrown with weeds even during the flowering of potatoes, others believe that at this stage of overgrowing of potatoes with weeds It will not harm the crop, therefore weeds it is no longer possible not to weed, but mows along with the tops when harvesting.
At the same time, everyone is unanimous in the opinion that weeding potatoes during flowering will NOT harm him. First of all, this will allow you to keep the beds clean until harvesting. In addition, during weeding, the soil is loosened and oxygenated at the same time. Since potatoes love loose soil and oxygen, weeding potato bushes during flowering will only have a positive effect.
DIY potato weeding tools
Recently, it has been quite difficult to find quality factory tools at an inexpensive price, which forces farmers and gardeners to make weeding tools with their own hands. At the same time, the tools are metal, so it will be difficult to make them without using a welding machine and welding skills.
So, for hand weeding, homemade products like a flat cutter are very popular. The working tool is a sharpened square frame, in front of which a hedgehog-style nozzle is attached, which facilitates the movement of the tool during weeding. The finished attachment is attached to the wooden attachment. This product is easy to make yourself, using a welding machine, as well as existing metal fragments and factory samples of tools that have become unusable.
To make a device that can simultaneously perform both weeding and hilling of potatoes, you can take the frame of an old bicycle and leave a wheel on it. On the other hand, a V-shaped plow attachment should be attached to the base of the frame.
How to weed potatoes with a trimmer
There are various methods of weeding potatoes, from traditional manual weeding to mechanical weeding. Each of them has its pros and cons, and experienced specialists say that the best effect is obtained if these methods are used in combination. The main tools with which you can weed potatoes include a trimmer (lawn mower), a hoe.
A trimmer is a lawn mower that is powered by electricity or burning fuel (gasoline, diesel). As a cutting tool used fishing line, plastic or metal knives, cutters. The advantage of the trimmer is the speed of weeding the potatoes, which cannot be achieved with manual weeding. At the same time, you cannot spud potatoes with lawn mowers alone.
The trimmer is used primarily by fans of organic farming. They believe that it is impossible to huddle or loose the soil too often, and even more so. to pick up cut plants from the garden, since nutrients that they managed to get from the soil are taken along with them. In contrast, organic farming advocates believe that weeds cut with a trimmer should be left in the garden. At the same time, they perform the following functions:
- Act as mulch, do not allow the next weeds to grow for a long time and retain moisture;
- Attract worms and microorganisms, which transform weeds into nutrients, thereby fertilizing the soil.
Trimmer weeding should be done when the weeds are still small and can be easily cut with a knife. At the same time, it is important to follow these weeding rules:
- You should work in a respirator and goggles, since when the trimmer is working, dust forms, and small stones fly around;
- You cannot work when other people are in front of the trimmer;
- The trimmer knife can be deepened into the ground by more than 1-1.5 cm;
- You can work with a trimmer when the first shoots of potatoes appear, otherwise there is a risk of cutting them off;
- If the trimmer is low-powered, take a break every 10-15 minutes so that the engine cools down;
- At the end of the season, the knives and working surfaces of the trimmer must be treated with fungicides, as there is a risk that pathogens of potato diseases remain on them.
Another tiller attachment suitable for weeding potatoes is the lancet feet. The attachment is a frame to which small V-shaped plows are attached. When weeding, this should be deepened by 2-3 cm into the soil with the plow blade attachment.
The method of weeding is to cut the weeds. Allows you to perform high-quality weeding in a small amount of time. The advantage of the tines in comparison with the milling cutter is that the tines are gentle on the soil, and do not turn out its wet layers and DO NOT form dense clouds of dust when working.
Weeding potatoes with a trimmer
It has already been mentioned above about the efficiency and rules of weeding potatoes with a trimmer. At the same time, the trimmer and attachment devices are so simple that you can make attachments yourself. At the same time, the lawn mower will NOT lose its effectiveness, but on the contrary, it will be more careful to influence the beds.
DIY trimmer attachments
Craftsmen suggest many options for making do-it-yourself trimmer attachments. Here are some examples.
To make a “three-layer” hedgehog blade, you need a piece of gesture 5 mm thick. With a marker, draw three circles with a diameter of 320, 220 and 110 mm. Next, you need to cut these circles with a cutter, and in the center of each circle make a hole for the working shaft. With the help of a quarrel and reinforcement, these “knives” are connected at a distance of 1-2 cm. Nails are welded to the discs. The result is a great hedgehog tiller attachment.
There is also another option. For this you need:
- A rectangular piece of perforated metal 100 mm wide, up to 5 mm thick;
- 4 nuts;
- 4 large and small washers;
- 2 hacksaw blades.
To make a nozzle, a 100×100 mm square is cut out of a piece of metal. A hole is drilled in the center for the working shaft. Next, the hacksaw blades are cut at the edges and grinded from the outside to acquire a rounded shape. The resulting blades are screwed to the corners of the square with the cutting side in the direction of the trimmer movement. For this, the bolt is inserted into the holes of the plate and the blades of the knives from below. First, a large washer is placed on top, then a small one, and on top. tightened with a nut that is not tightened too much so that the knives move freely.
What cannot be transported by plane
There is a list of items and substances that cannot be taken in either carry-on baggage or baggage, or there are strict restrictions on their transportation. They are dangerous, so they will not be allowed on a flight with them. These include:
- Any type of weapon (size does not matter);
- Any kind of explosives (quantity does not matter);
- Flammable liquids;
- Gases of any kind (compressed, liquefied)
- Flammable solids;
- Substances that pose a threat of radiation contamination, as well as other toxic materials;
- Chemicals (poisonous, dispatching, corrosive and corrosive)
- Stabbing, as well as cutting objects that can be used to inflict physical wounds (any scissors, knitting tools, manicure accessories).
From this list it can be seen that there is an exact answer to the question of whether it is possible to carry a knife in the luggage of an aircraft. It all depends on what type of knife you are carrying with you.
Requirements for the carriage of edged weapons in aircraft baggage
Usually, if the requirements for the transportation of knives, as well as other cutting and piercing objects, are met, there are no problems and difficulties with the transportation of cold weapons. When a person is going on a flight, a knife, manicure supplies or a shaving machine may be on the list of useful things taken with him. Due to the fact that the rules for transporting such things are strict, most of the airlines, When asked whether it is possible to carry a knife in the luggage of an aircraft, gives a negative answer. But this applies only to those cases when the item carries a threat of harm to the life and health of passengers.
- What cannot be transported by plane
- What items are classified as melee weapons
- Regulations for the carriage of edged weapons
- What can be carried into the aircraft cabin
Regulations for the carriage of edged weapons
In order for employees of airlines and the airport to let the owner of cold weapons on the plane, there are strict rules that must be followed:
- Availability of a weapon permit. It defines its purpose (permission to store or carry).
- Special permission for export (in the event that the owner is going to fly to another country).
- The documents of the owner of the weapon, which confirm the participation in sports competitions, hunting, artistic performance, exhibition.
- During the booking procedure, you need to warn about the carriage of edged weapons on the plane.
- Upon arrival at the airport, you must inform the security service and the police about the import of cold steel.
- When the transfer of weapons for storage is carried out, it is imperative to observe the paperwork, verify the data in the weapon permit.
- The drawn up act, which indicates the transfer and acceptance of weapons for storage, must be signed in triplicate. Leave one copy.
- To receive a special cargo, they present documents and an act for the storage of weapons to airport employees.
- If the passenger’s flight takes place with a transfer, then registration of a special cargo to the destination is impossible. When a person leaves the plane, the weapon is handed over to him at the transfer airport. That is why the registration and delivery of special cargo for storage takes place before each boarding.
- The weapon must be in a case.
What items are classified as melee weapons
Carriage of knives is permitted if they have a peaceful purpose. For example: a person went hunting or on an expedition, transports antiques, or is engaged in a certain sport and flies to a competition. These things must be officially confirmed in the form of a document, which must be taken with you on the flight. These documents are obtained where a person bought a sharp-pricked object. If it is received as a gift, then the donor is obliged to take care of the necessary papers for him. It is allowed to carry a knife on the plane if it is a part of national clothing, but on condition that during the entire flight time it will be in the crew.
NOT every knife with a blade over 10 centimeters is a melee weapon. There is a difference between weapons and household and household knives according to special criteria: blade length, thickness, retainer, stop. The list of edged weapons includes:
- Finnish knife;
- Hunting knife;
- Dagger (officer)
This is not the whole list, there are others that are similar to the above. This type of knives is put in baggage by air.
What can be carried into the aircraft cabin
There are rules and restrictions imposed by some countries on the export and import of various items. Therefore, in order to hold a knife in the luggage of an aircraft, you need to know about them. According to the law of the Russian Federation, it is prohibited to export knives with a certain value (artistic and historical) from the territory of the country. They also require certain permits, which are certified at the STATE level. The best option would be to get acquainted with the prohibitions on this topic established by the state.
If you still need a knife, then take a plastic one with you. They can cut food, but they cannot damage any hard surface or inflict certain injuries on a person.
The ceramic knife fits only after that it cannot be detected during the examination of the suitcase on the detector. They will be able to seize it during personal search.
Foldable. plastic card, prohibited on board. They put it in a wallet, keeping it with them, but during a personal search it can also be removed.
Penknife. not prohibited in aircraft luggage. They put it in a suitcase and hand it over before boarding. If the blade is NOT more than 6 centimeters, then you can try to take it to the salon, but questions may arise.
The rules for passenger air transportation allow the transport of edged weapons. When it is bought in the host country as a gift, the carriage is NOT limited to anything. It is worth considering what type of knife you take in order to prepare special documents for permission.
It is allowed to put a knife in baggage in case of a break on the plane, subject to the requirements. But when melee weapons are carried into the cabin by air, problems may arise, so you need to prepare in advance and clarify the information with the carrier on the website or by calling the help desk.
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