Overview of manufacturers of oils for internal combustion engines
Among the manufacturers producing the best two-stroke oils, 2 leaders can be named with confidence. These are the companies Husqvarna (Husvarna) and Stihl (Stihl). The companies produce not only conventional mineral oils, but also synthetic lubricants designed for 2-stroke engines operating in severe conditions.
Fuel mixture preparation rules
It is necessary to dilute gasoline with oil in containers that are resistant to the effects of oil products (canisters made of plastic or metal). It is not recommended to use plastic water, juice or milk bottles for THESE purposes, as food grade plastic decomposes under the influence of gasoline. As a result of this process, the fuel mixture will change its properties, and it is difficult to predict what effect it will have on the engine.
The combustible mixture for the chainsaw is easy to prepare.
- Take the required amount of lubricant and pour it into the prepared container. You should not pour all the prepared gasoline into a container with oil, half of the required amount will be enough.
- Shake the container slightly, wait until the lubricant is completely dissolved in the gasoline.
- Now you can fill in the remaining gasoline, mix it well with the mixture in the container. This completes the preparation of the fuel mixture for the chainsaw.
It is better to use the ready-made fuel mixture immediately. Therefore, it needs to be prepared in such an amount that it is enough for the expected volume of work. If, nevertheless, the mixture remains, then it is impossible to store it for more than 1-1.5 months. During this time, it will lose a significant part of its lubricating properties.
The grease was specially developed for the engines of Stihl equipment. It has a mineral base, has high lubricating and cleaning properties and can be used at ambient temperatures NOT lower than 10 ° С.
The grease is red and can be stored for NOT more than 4 years in a closed container. The latter can have different capacities, both large and small (for one-time refueling). For example, there is a 20-gram container on sale, the contents of which are added to 1 liter of gasoline. This is a very convenient option for owners of chainsaws who use them occasionally. Important: a mixture of gasoline with this oil cannot be stored for more than 1 month, since it will already lose its lubricating properties during this time.
Stihl HP Ultra
The oil belongs to the highest category. It is created on a completely synthetic basis, has a green color and has high lubricating properties, and, thanks to salt-free additives, does NOT create carbon deposits.
The oil was specially developed for the lubrication of engines operating for a long time at high loads and low ambient temperatures up to 25 ° C. over, this lubricant does not harm the environment. If spilled on the ground, it will decompose by 80% in 21 days. The grease is packaged in bottles of 100 ml and 1 l.
What parts of a chainsaw need oil
If you look closely at a working chainsaw, you will immediately notice its main moving part. Saw chain that slides on the bar during sawing. Since the law of friction still exists, both parts gradually wear out. To slow down this process, it is common to use chain oil specially formulated to lubricate saw chains.
Chainsaws can be equipped with four-stroke engines. So also two-stroke. In 4-stroke units, the crankset is lubricated with oil in the engine crankcase. Two-stroke engines differ slightly in their design and operating principle. Gasoline in this type of drive enters directly into the space under the piston, where the crank mechanism is located, which has several bearings and bushings that need lubrication. Therefore, oil is added to gasoline for two-stroke engines of chainsaws, so that it, getting on the rubbing parts of this block, lubricates them.
Choosing engine oil
The oil intended for a 2-stroke engine must meet the following requirements.
- The lubricant should form a minimum of ash during combustion. Ideally, it should burn out completely.
- The lubricant must have good solubility in gasoline and a high degree of purification from various impurities that can cause clogging of very narrow channels of the carburetor.
- The oil must have high anti-corrosion, anti-wear and lubricating properties.
There are certain standards for oils intended for 2-stroke engines: TC-W3 and 2T. The grease complying with the TC-W3 standard is used for water-cooled engines (outboard motors, jet skis). 2T oil is used as an additive in gasoline for 2-stroke air-cooled engines (lawn mowers, mopeds, chainsaws, etc.).
MOTUL Outboard Tech 2T Oil
When using poor-quality lubricant, the entire piston group of the engine may fail due to the formation of carbon deposits under the piston rings. As a result, they will NOT be able to compress, and scuffs will form on the cylinder walls. Also, improper lubrication of the crank gear bearings leads to overheating and, ultimately, to seizure. Important: it is forbidden to use diesel oil to prepare the fuel mixture, since it does NOT correspond to any of the above parameters.
Husqvarna HP 2-stroke
Husqvarna HP, like its STIHL HP counterpart, is also specially designed for 2-stroke engines.
According to the manufacturer, this type of oil has additives, which compensate for the low quality of the fuel, which is important for our country. The declared octane number of gasoline at filling stations rarely corresponds to the real.
Husqvarna HP. Semi-synthetic, green. It is packaged in a liter or ten-liter container. The proportion of the mixture is 1: 50, i.e. 20 grams per liter. During the running-in period of the saw engine or when working in cold weather, it is allowed to increase the proportion by 1:40, which will give the engine more protection and increase its service life.
There are a large number of two-stroke engine lubricants on the market today from different manufacturers. For this reason, it is rather difficult to answer the question of which chainsaw oil is better. In our opinion, you should trust reliable companies, which are Stihl, Husqvarna, Oregon, Champion. It is their oils that will maximize the protection of the engine of your tool and extend its resource.
Unscrupulous manufacturers often disguise their products under well-known brands (Husqvarna, Stihl, etc.). Such oils are of poor quality and can damage the engine. In order not to be deceived, it is necessary to purchase lubricants from official representatives who have the necessary certificates for the products. How to distinguish a fake from the original can be learned from:
Another oil from Stihl. Has a synthetic base, due to which it has improved combustion characteristics, cleanliness and engine protection.
Recommended by the manufacturer for long-term use in harsh conditions. Ideal for low temperature applications. HP Ultra is environmentally friendly as oil spills on the ground will decompose 80% in just 21 days.
It is packed in two types of containers, 100 ml and 1 liter bottles. The proportion of the finished fuel mixture is 1:50, which means that a 100 mm bottle is enough to prepare 5 liters of the mixture. Green colour. Shelf life 4 years.
The cost of this oil is significantly higher than the cost of STIHL HP, therefore it is NOT profitable to use it constantly.
It is worth noting that Stihl oils, before they go on sale, go through the company’s laboratory, where they are tested for compliance with all requirements.
When developing oils, great attention is paid to fuel combustion, starting characteristics during cold start, biodegradability, viscosity change at different temperatures (information from the company’s official website).
Main brands of chainsaw motor oils
Stihl and Husqvarna are leaders in the production of quality lubricants for chainsaws and lawn mowers. Their range includes both conventional mineral lubricants for two-stroke engines and synthetic heavy duty oils. Let’s consider the assortment in more detail.
STIHL HP mineral grease has been specially developed by STIHL engineers for use in their tools. That is why owners of chainsaws and Stihl lawn mowers are recommended to use this type of oil.
Its color is red, the shelf life in a closed container is not more than four years. It is packed in several types of containers, so you can choose the most convenient packaging for yourself. Not so long ago, a convenient container of 20 grams appeared, which are diluted by one liter of gasoline. For those who rarely use a chainsaw, this is the best option. Can be thinned and consumed immediately.
STIHL HP fully complies with high European standards.
What oil to use for a chainsaw engine
To lubricate the internal parts of a chainsaw engine, special oils must be used, which differ from lubrication for four-stroke engines in several ways.
- The first is the quality of cleaning. Chainsaw engine oil should be cleaned as much as possible from various impurities. This is due to the fact that the channels in the carburetor of the chainsaw are too small and if the fuel mixture has any impurities, they will become clogged, and accordingly the engine stopped working.
- Second, it is low smoke when burning. As you know, saw oil must be mixed with gasoline, which subsequently burns out in the engine cylinder, and, accordingly, the lubricant burns with it. If a large amount of smoke is emitted from the burning mixture, this will negatively affect the exhaust system and, alternatively, the health of the operator.
- Third, chainsaw lubricant should be burned with minimal carbon deposits. Low-quality oils, when burning, form a large amount of carbon deposits, which coke the piston and the exhaust system.
The consequences of using low-quality oil can be very sad, up to the point that it will be necessary to replace the piston group of the chainsaw. Coking of the exhaust system entails a decrease in engine power, since the throughput of the muffler and the exhaust window of the cylinder is reduced, up to their complete clogging. Carbon deposits under the piston rings, and will not allow them to shrink, which will lead to the formation of scuffs on the cylinder walls and engine seizure.
Use special lubricants for two-stroke engines Not only useful for the engine, but also convenient, since the manufacturers add dyes to them, thanks to which it is possible to determine the dilution of gasoline or not, which is impossible in the case of conventional engine oils. Four-stroke engine oil mixed with gasoline is colorless.
The mixing ratio for a two-stroke engine is indicated on the packaging. Manufacturers recommend adhering to the dosage, since the use of the wrong mixture of oil and gasoline also affects the life of the engine, and it is harmful to both increase and decrease the proportion.
Choosing the right chainsaw oil
Almost all modern chainsaws and lawn mowers are equipped with two-stroke engines. Their lubrication is due to the oil that is added to gasoline, the oil sump and pump they have.
In order to extend the life of the engine, it is necessary to use special lubricants, which will be discussed in this article.
When to use special chain oil
The use of Special Oils for chain lubrication will be justified in the following cases:
- You have a new chainsaw under warranty and to preserve it, you must use oils recommended by the manufacturer of the chainsaw. Otherwise, if, for example, the oil pump fails, then the repair will not be carried out under warranty. This is especially true for expensive professional chainsaws.
- You respect the environment and prefer NOT to pollute it again. In this case, oils with the prefix “bio” are suitable.
- When working at critical temperatures.
Consider several types of oils from different manufacturers and sort them by price category, environmental friendliness and container volume.
Chainsaw chain oil. What and when to pour?
Very often, when selling a chainsaw, the question sounds: “What kind of oil should I fill to lubricate the chain?” The most common answer is “Anything except working off.” This is absolutely true, but there are some nuances. For example, sellers often offer to buy chain oils from chainsaw manufacturers or designed specifically for THESE purposes. This usually makes sense at low temperatures or when you place great emphasis on protecting the environment.
In the second cases, it is quite possible to replace the oil for lubricating the chain with any other, except for working off. However, there is one more nuance. Often a question arises in users. “Why is the consumption of oil for chain lubrication more than the fuel mixture? After all, their consumption is interconnected? »It should be borne in mind that manufacturers of chainsaws consider the consumption of oil for chain lubrication, fill in their own brand name. And the consumption of any other can differ both in the smaller and in the larger direction.
On many chainsaws, starting from semi-professional, it is possible to adjust the oil consumption for chain lubrication. This is done by adjusting the performance of the oil pump.
If such adjustment is not provided, then the settings come initially from the manufacturer. How to check if the consumption of chain oil on your chainsaw is normal? It is necessary to bring in dust, give gas and bring it to a board, log or other surface that is horizontal. When the chain is running, particles of oil to lubricate the chain should fly out and leave a thin, even oil trace.
Chainsaw chain oil brands
- Chain oil Nanotek Standard. Suitable for temperatures up to. 20 degrees.
- Adhesive oil Nanotech Premium. For operation at 30 degrees.
- Chain oil from a renowned manufacturer of machine tools and equipment. Anchor. Capacity 1 liter.
- And the last in this category is Champion. Capacity 1 liter.
Mineral oils with the prefix “Bio”
- Makita Biotop Oil.
- Adhesive oil Husqvarna Bio.
- Stihl Bio Plus Oil.
Branded oils intended for use according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
- Makita Oil
- Makita Biotop Oil.
- Adhesive oil Husqvarna Bio.
- Oregon chain oil 1 liter.
- Stihl Bio Plus Oil.
- Stihl oil 1 liter
Oils packaged in containers of large volumes allow you to save money when buying. Relevant for enterprises with a large volume of work.
Often the simplest oil of the M-8 or M-10 brand will be the most optimal choice of oil for lubricating the chain and bar. Its characteristics are quite satisfactory for the necessary purposes.
At low temperatures, it is necessary to pour oil with a low thickening point, otherwise the pump for oil supply may fail.
Types and composition
The choice of a specific oil should be based on where and how the chainsaw is used. Mineral compositions are suitable for summer and warm seasons. Otherwise, it is better to use synthetic or semi-synthetic oils. If you need to lubricate the chain, do not use waste oils, which will lead to clogging of the fuel system, and then to serious damage to the tool.
Chainsaw oil must be thoroughly cleaned to ensure proper and accurate lubrication. If you use low-quality compounds, then there will be no contact between the saw elements and the tire, sparks will appear, and Subsequently, the moving parts of the saw will wear out.
The products of this brand also do NOT need unnecessary introductions, since they have only proven themselves from the best side. Attention is drawn to the Vegeil Husqvarna chain oil, which is plant-based, has good lubricating properties and is highly environmentally friendly. The oil is economical, biodegradable, has a low viscosity, even when used at low temperatures. Due to their excellent performance characteristics, oils of this brand are considered one of the best.
Stihl semi-synthetic oil
Stihl chainsaw chain oil is an environmentally friendly lubricant, as it is made from high quality virgin raffinates. The oil contains impurities that can pollute the environment. This tool can be used in any climatic conditions, and it will behave equally effectively even at low temperatures. Stihl chain oil reliably protects saw chains from wear. This composition can be purchased in different volumes. It depends on the characteristics of the chainsaw and the degree of load on it.
What kind of oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain and how to choose one so that it can be used at any time of the year? The Oregon brand offers formulations that are suitable for all types of instruments. Viscosity stability. The guarantee that the oil is suitable for use at any time of the year. The composition includes refined mineral oils, to which additives are added. A feature of Oregon formulations. In their manufacture on the basis of high molecular weight compounds. Distinctive features of the oil include:
- Overheating protection of the guide bar and chain;
- Reduced vibration;
- Prevention of corrosion due to oil film formation.
Thanks to special adhesion additives, such oil acquires a high stickiness, viscosity, therefore, even at high speeds, it will not splash and remain on the chain and tire. Thanks to the regular use of oil, you can reduce the load on the cutting attachment, and in general on the entire chain saw mechanism. Special additives help to reduce the energy consumption of the saw, increasing the efficiency of the sawing process. The main thing is that when using these funds, resinous deposits are NOT formed.
How to choose?
Each chainsaw has a carburetor two-stroke engine and two tanks: one is filled with gasoline, the other. Oil. When choosing a lubricant composition, zoning plays an important role. It should be minimal. Another important indicator. Low temperature resistance: the oil should not solidify at a strong minus, which will ensure the quality of the entire tool.
For lubrication, it is advisable to use an adhesive oil for chainsaws, containing special substances, thanks to which the composition adheres well to the chain. High-quality oil will remain on the chain as it rotates, and the chain itself will be more reliable in operation.
Another important indicator of lubrication. Density: if the composition is liquid, it will be consumed in greater quantities. To avoid damaging the environment when using your chainsaw, it is important to use a plant-based oil. Its waste will decompose in its natural environment.
What chainsaw oil to choose, because modern manufacturers offer a wide range of options? Among the specialized manufacturers, one can note such brands as Divinul, Bio-Kettenul, Ravenul, VegOil, Mobil, Castrul, Shell. Let’s consider the features of their products in more detail.
Which chainsaw oil to choose? Many people note the formulations of the Ravenul brand. So, Ravenul Saegekettenoel S 85 is a special mineral oil created in Germany from high quality base oil with the addition of a number of additives. It is suitable for saw chain lubrication and has good adhesion and lubrication properties. Thanks to special additives, oil remains on the chain even at high saw speeds, and the chain itself becomes more reliable in operation. Provides oil and reliable protection against corrosion, even if the work is carried out in not the most favorable conditions. Thanks to the use of this composition, you can:
- Reduce vibration of the saw chain;
- Reliably protect it from corrosion;
- Cool the circuit due to good thermal conductivity;
- Cut all types of wood quickly and cleanly.
The company offers its customers Husqvarna Bio Advanced oil for use in normal and extreme conditions. The oil is made from plant components and is safe for the environment, it is supplied in one liter and five liter containers.
As an economical solution, the company has Vegoil oil, according to the manufacturer, its consumption is reduced by 40% in comparison with others. Supplied in a liter container.
The company also produces bearing grease, which it recommends for lubricating the bearings of the drive sprocket and the sprocket on the saw bar.
Less common, but popular among chainsaw owners, are:
- Pular Lube mineral. Uleo-Mac Digging;
- Adhesive CHAMPION, sold in containers up to 10 liters, which is convenient for use in forestry;
- Makita Biotop;
You can get acquainted with some oils for chains by looking below, there is a seller of a large network of tools, comments on the use of adhesive oils from various manufacturers.
Manufacturers of adhesive oils
Almost all manufacturers of chainsaws are engaged in the production of consumables for them, explaining this by the fact that these products are most suitable for use in conjunction with their saws. There is no information about how true this is, but Based on the experience of operating and repairing chainsaws, it can be noted that there are no significant differences in the service life of parts or at least visible wear.
But the fact is the fact, the manufacturers recommend and cannot be hidden. So, back to the manufacturers, and let’s start with the popular Stihl brand.
Stihl adhesive oils
The following adhesion oils are presented on the company’s website, designed for various operating temperatures and having a good lubricating performance:
- ForestPlus adhesive oil. Recommended for use at temperatures up to. 15 ° C, shelf life 3 years if stored properly. Supplied in 1 liter or 5 liter containers;
- Bioplus. Its peculiarity. Vegetable base, which allows it to decompose quickly when it enters the soil. It is used at minus 15 and is supplied in three, five and one liter containers;
- The latest SynthPlus oil is characterized by its ability to maintain performance at minus 25 ° C.
How to replace the original expensive oil and is it worth
In situations where it is not possible to use original ones, they can be replaced with oil for car engines. Cheap automobile oils such as autol or diesel lubrication options, due to low adhesion properties, are unsuitable for long-term use.
Some owners, despite the recommendations, still use analogues, preferring to change the tire and chain more often, but here everyone decides for himself. Such oil cannot have any negative effects on the lubrication system, which means that the only difference is in the quality of the tire protection against chain friction.
What oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain
The answer to this question is quite simple, for this you need to open the instructions for any dust and it will indicate that you need to fill in oil that has a good adhesion effect.
What is it for? The fact is that the chain moves along the tire at a high speed, and if oil with low adhesion is used as a lubricant, then most of it, by inertia, flies off the end of the tire and lubrication of its lower part does not occur. This phenomenon can be observed with a little experiment. Start the chainsaw, direct the end of the tire towards a bright surface and add maximum gas. As a result, oil stains will appear on it, which are proof of the theory.
Chainsaw sprocket lubricant
To increase the service life and reduce friction on the drive sprocket, the manufacturer equips this mechanism with a needle bearing, which must be lubricated periodically. Stihl multipurpose grease can be used for lubrication.
If you DO NOT want to overpay, it is better to use an inexpensive, but no less high-quality option, Litol or Litol 24 grease. Due to its viscosity, Litol will easily replace the original.
Lubricate the sprocket of the chainsaw tire, you can use the same lubrication as the leading one, using a special filler for this. This allows the lubricant to be pressed in, through the technological holes in the tire, to the sprocket bearings.