What cutters are needed for what in a manicure

What clients are suitable for hardware manicure?

Working with a manicure machine allows you to significantly speed up nail service procedures and achieve a better result. This technology is suitable for the majority of clients. It is recommended for people with the following problems:

  • Unimpressive color of the nail plate;
  • quickly growing, rough cuticles;
  • Layered, uneven, brittle nails;
  • tendency to traumatize the skin of instruments during a traditional manicure.

It is not allowed to use the hardware method if there are wounds, cuts, skin inflammations, nail fungus.

Manicure machine can replace many tools that were previously used for manicure purposes: files, clippers, scissors, buffs. By changing the cutters, it is possible to achieve a certain effect, as each milling head has its own purpose. By rotating, it treats the nail, the cuticle, the skin around the nail, etc.д. The main thing is to know what shape to choose for a particular area.

The most necessary nozzles of mini-set (for home or as a starter kit for professional use) should include cutters for the following purposes: grinding and polishing a nail, cleaning it from rough skin, cuticle care, removal of hard artificial coatings.

cutters, needed, manicure

Milling cutter with nozzles

The necessary kit should also include the router itself, which has a standard hole for router bits. Generally, the nozzles fit all machines. The leading manufacturers of cutters are Strong, nail power, Scarlett, Beurer, Irisk, Babyliss, Kads, Vitek, Runeil. Most of these companies also produce accessories. nozzles (cutters) and caps.

Overview of devices for pedicure proves that their market is large enough to make the right choice. Their dimensions are different, they also look different.

For salon use, the list of cutters is varied, including nozzles of different shapes and materials.

Needle nose

The name fully describes the shape of the nozzle. It looks like a needle. Often has a small abrasivity, refers to the fissural nozzle type. penetrates into the most hard-to-reach places (removal of pterygium, treatment of parainolar sinuses, cracks and corns during pedicure, etc.). Has a gradation in thickness. from 1.2 to 1.8 mm.

Needle shape

Inverse cone

Cone-shaped, with the expanded part turned outward. It is used for evening the nail plate, smoothing small calluses, correcting the nail shape. There are varieties with a rounded back or a flat back. It is a popular application in pedicures, as there are different abrasive options for this nozzle.

Inverse cone

Often called a bur, it is also used in dentistry. Variety of ball diameters (from 1 to 2.These (1mm), allow you to make the cuticle wire neat, and are used for trimming areas near the nail. The ball also helps to remove cuticles, cracks and other irregularities on the artificial nail.

Ball-shaped cutter

Rounded cylinder

Available in various widths. If it is 2.If it diameter is 3 mm, then it is convenient to work on lateral rollers, to correct the form of the nail plate on the free edge, to remove the layer from artificial nails.

If using 1.6mm, then the nozzle is suitable for treatment of the skin around the nails. Also used for the treatment of the area under the nail after the extension. Spherical tip of the cylinder gently removes keratinized skin and deposits.

Rounded cylinder

Cylinder with pointed tip

Represents a cylinder with a sharp end. They call it “the bullet”. Such nozzle for the milling machine is presented on a choice: 1.2 и 1.4 mm. The most popular for nail design, namely, for preparing the place for the insertion of a rhinestone or stone.

After gel nail extensions, the cutter helps to smooth the space under the nail. Also used for the treatment of the skin around the nail plate.

Sharp cylinder


An almost universal nozzle. Looks like a candle flame or an upside-down drop. There are variations in the size of the convex area and the tip. Suitable for treating the nail from all sides. cuticle, peri-nail rollers, removal of pterygium, buffing of artificial nail coating, pedicure.



Like most nozzles, has different diameters with varying degrees of abrasiveness. It can be used to cut off excess gel during extension, or to shape a nail. The cone-shaped nozzle is also suitable for removing cuticles during pedicure, care of the skin around the nail.

Cone cutter

Truncated cone

A good cutter for working with artificial nail coatings. Choosing the necessary diameter, the nozzle can do grinding gel nail coating or acrylic, remove a layer of shellac. Also suitable for rough nails, skin on the feet, correction of nail shape.

truncated cone

All nozzles in the hands of an experienced master will give the expected effect. For beginners, you should carefully select the nozzle depending on the task at hand.

Overview of cutters for hardware manicure

Depending on a particular operation, you need to pick up special cutters, so the machine for hardware manicure and pedicure can be equipped with the following types, depending on the material:

    Diamond. They are worth choosing if you plan to work with delicate areas. the ends of the nail plate, removal of thin cuticles (not cut with scissors and trimmers). They are considered the most effective and expensive, thanks to the smallest grains of diamond dust help not only to completely solve the problem of uneven nails, but also to ensure its prevention;

There are also types of cutters by purpose. You may have seen that there are a variety of nozzles in the sets: cylindrical, conical, trapezoidal, rounded. Let’s consider some of them:

    Reverse cone. It is used for processing the nails before the French manicure. Allows you to get an even tip of the plate, without jagged edges or height differences;

Reviews claim that even for home hardware manicure you need to buy at least 4 types of nozzles.

If you need to know how to properly make a pedicure at home, we recommend reading about it here. Here we have posted and step-by-step photos of the process itself.

Additionally current article: instructions on how to do a manicure at home with a video.

What are the cutters for the hardware manicure and what are they for? How to choose the right nozzle?

Cutters. nozzles for the machine, through which the manicure is performed. For a nail service professional it is not difficult to choose the right tool, while for a beginner it can be a difficult task. In order not to make a mistake when choosing, it is important to carefully examine all types of cutters for manicure, their functional features and the purpose of each nozzle.

  • 1. Materials: types, features, pros and cons
  • 1.1. Garnet
  • 1.2. Silicone
  • 1.3. Combination
  • 1.4. Carbide (steel)
  • 1.5. Diamond
  • 1.6. Corundum
  • 1.7. Ceramic

#26 Tools and products used in manicure & pedicure (English)

  • 3.1. What is the best way to remove gel nail polish and other coatings??
  • 3.2. What works best with skin and nail plate?
  • 3.3. What is the difference between manicure heads and pedicure heads?
  • 4.1. Flame
  • 4.2. Needle
  • 4.3. Corn
  • 4.4. Cone
  • 4.5. Orb or sphere
  • 4.6. Lentil or bullet
  • 4.7. Drum or cylinder
  • 4.8. Rounded cylinder or roller

What cutters you need for a manicure beginner?

If you still do not know what the notches on the burrs are for, now is the time to find out. The point is that cutters differ in hardness and abrasiveness (spray grit). They are Selected according to the material you are going to work with. On the shelves of our store (https://gellak.pro/catalog/apparatnyy_manikyur_i_pedikyur/frezy_nasadki_kolpachki/) you can find hard cutters, soft, medium-hard, soft and very soft. To distinguish them, the cutters are color codedFor example: notches. What the colored notches mean: White. they are the cutters that you work with as infrequently as possible. The thing is they are extra soft, which means they are suitable for very narrow Spectra work. For example, you can Use a cutter with white notches when working on sensitive skin, or in cases of very Fine work on the natural nail. In yellow are used to mark soft burrs. They can be used to remove the coating, but the process will take a very long time. Only use the yellow notch in situations with sensitive skin or when working with natural nail. Red notch means you can work on the skin and nail plate. It is soft universal cutter. Sometimes you can see two red notches on diamond cutters, so means high softness. The most common applications for red-cut cutters are with pterygium and lateral sinuses. The color blue is These are medium-hard cutters for work on the outer areas of the skin. In addition, the blue cutter can be used to remove gel polish or acrylate. But under no circumstances The green milling cutters can be used for nail plate. Be careful during Work with blue notches. Green. These are hard cutters that are only used to remove material from the nail. For example, it can be gel nail polish, acrylic, gel or acrygel. Green burrs can be used Treat the rough surface gently during pedicure, but remember not to Use these cutters on purpose, if the client has sensitive skin. Black and purple notches these are the hardest cutters that can only be used To work with artificial nails. Do not use them for manicures, that’s what they are for too coarse.

What are the different materials of cutters used for?

Cutters differ not only in abrasiveness, but also in material. The denser the material, the more difficult it is to remove rougher” work can be done by the cutter. Corundum cutters are Most often used by beginners because of the ease of use. These cutters do not scratch nails, do not damage the skin during manicure and perform well during removing the old coating. This is a soft cutter. But it has a drawback: it heats up quickly, so You have to either let it cool down, or keep the speed optimal. Diamond cutters. the most functional in manicure, they are convenient for treatment of the lateral rollers and the free edge of the nail. They are harder than corundum and are used for For grinding both natural and artificial nails. Diamond cutters can used also for working on corns. Cutters made of hard alloy. most often used to remove the old coating of acrylic, gel or gel varnish. But they can also be used for blisters, ingrown nails, and similar complex nail pathologies. Cutters are very comfortable to work with and rarely get hot. Ceramics. Ceramic cutters perform well in the same situations where used tungsten carbide. The only difference is that they are more durable cutters and are heated even less often. Silicone cutters (and silicone-carbide). As a rule, cutters made of this material used for grinding skin, nail and any artificial surfaces. felt cutters. used in the final stage of manicure to polish natural or acrylic nail cutters. The felt cutters can also be used to rub oil into the nail The plate or the skin near the nails. Silicon-carbide sand-cap cutters. These are disposable cutters with a variety of abrasiveness. The lower the abrasiveness, the rougher the cutter. They are most often used for For blisters and rough skin during pedicures. Mounted on a rubber base. Sanding sand drums. These are single-use bits that are more suitable for skin care. They are put on a metal base.

What is the difference between manicure cutters of different shapes?

Not all cutters are equally good and useful. Some shapes of cutters can be considered versatile and very handy for any stage of the manicure, while others Perform only one function at a particular step. Below are described the shapes that are most commonly used by masters in the nail industry: Flame. this is the topmost and most versatile form of cutter. Its tip is very handy process the sinuses at the nail, the rollers of the master clean up with the convex part of the cutter, and the cuticle can be machined with the flat side of the mold. And remember one important thing: with a gel nail extender, you can cut off the top of the cutter to fit your nails the cutter is better to work at a 45-degree angle. Needle. phrase with a sharp tip, which is always available from a professional. The needle is comfortable lift and open the cuticle, remove the pterygium, and do the correction of false nails. But work with this shape should be very careful not to accidentally damage the skin or the client’s nail plate. Hold the cutter parallel to the nail while working. Corn. it is a cutter that is ideal for beginners and is used by nail technician To remove nail polish and other materials from the nail plate. In addition, it is convenient to use the corn correct the length of your clients’ nails. Hold the cutter parallel to the nail plate, then Manicure session will be successful. Cone. a very specific shape of the cutter, which is only used to work on the cuticle and only at a 90 degree angle. Not everyone is comfortable working with a cone, but you can try and Decide for yourself whether you need it in your arsenal. Ball (sphere) a very popular cutter shape that works well with burrs, rollers at the nail and perfectly cuts the cuticle. Probably the best solution for working with cuticle. Spheres come in different sizes. The medium-sized ball is normally used for trimming The small one removes the cuticle and the small one removes the pterygium. Drum (Cylinder). is a cutter that will be very useful for beginners, but you have to work with it extremely careful not to traumatize the cuticle. The drum is best suited for work with artificial material. Bullet (Lentil). ambiguous, but popular with nail techs. Used exclusively for removing the pterygium after the cuticle has been lifted. The drum (rounded cylinder) Very comfortable to work with, the shape of the cutter You can cut the cuticle safely and efficiently trim the lateral rollers.

Types of cutters for manicure

If you’ve ever had a manicure with a master, you’ve obviously seen a tool that resembles an electric pen, in which different blades are inserted. These blades are called cutters. Cutters are cutting blades for hardware manicure.

Manicure machine with cutters

Each cutter performs its function:

  • Removes the old coating;
  • Treats the nail plate from the pterygium;
  • Grinds the lateral grooves and rollers;
  • Raises the cuticle.

Don’t be intimidated, no one is forcing you to cut off your finger with a blade. The technician should cut the excess skin accurately and at lower speeds of the machine.

Nail Extension Courses

Pedicure and Manicure courses

Ceramic and tungsten carbide cutters are used for the first stage of the hardware manicure: they remove the coating on the nails. Experienced craftsmen prefer corn cutters made of these materials with blue or green notches, as they are stiffer and allow you to work faster.

Cutters for the second stage are diamond. They clean the nail plate, peel off the pterygium, and lift the cuticle. These cutters are called “Flame”.

Pterygium. enlarged cuticle around the nail plate.

Each person’s skin type is different, so it is possible that you do not have to peel pterygium. With a regular manicure, it simply will not have time to grow back.

In the photo, the master is working with the cutter “Flame”

If you already have a lot of experience in working with a manicure machine, you can make a cut with a diamond cutter. For this, the “Ball” with a red notch is suitable.

Silicone cutters for the final stage of a manicure. nail grinding and polishing. They are so called. “Grinder”.


The beauty industry is evolving every day. Today there are more and more technologically advanced grooming products available. Hardware manicure. a real revolution in nail service. Using an electric cutter doesn’t just make the master’s job easier. It takes on the hue of jewelry art when the nail is ground or the cuticle is treated. This article describes the different types of gel polish remover cutters and the actual protocol of the procedure.

Cutters for a hardware manicure: a variety, purpose and tips for choice

The hardware manicure is considered a fairly hygienic and simple procedure that allows you to make your nails beautiful without the help of cutting tools. If you learn how to use it, the device will become an indispensable thing. Nail-masters around the world have already appreciated the charm of working with the machine for manicures.

Sterilization of tools

Tools for manicure nails should not be dirty, there should not be germs on them. They must necessarily be sterilized with a variety of disinfectant solutions, such as “Alaminol”, “Optimax”, “Gigasept”, “Korzoleks”. These formulations are sold as concentrates, and they need to be prepared for the upcoming disinfection.

During the disinfection procedure, the hardness of the material and depth of cuts of the nozzle must be taken into account. If the coating is soft, it can be damaged by prolonged disinfection, so the procedure time should be reduced. Sterilization lasts on average from half an hour to 40 minutes.

Having passed disinfection in compositions, cutters pass to the further stages of sterilization: cleaning under flowing water, manual cleaning with a brush, ultrasonic cleaning, placement in an autoclave.

For the equipment to serve for quite a long time, they need to be cared for.

  • Doing a manicure, you can not put too much pressure on the nozzle. This can cause deformation of the head at the base of the handle, making the instrument unusable.
  • The handpieces must be replaced according to specific rules and these are usually given in the user manual of the instrument.
  • After disinfection the tool is stored in a case, where it will be preserved from humidity, dust and various external influences.