What Is The Difference Between A Drill Screwdriver And A Screwdriver

Difference between drill and screwdriver
The screwdriver differs from the drill in its purpose: it is intended for tightening screws, bolts and screws, and the drill is for drilling holes.

Difference between drill and screwdriver

In the modern market for power tools, you can find a wide variety of options that significantly facilitate construction, finishing and other types of work. When it comes to comparing a screwdriver and a drill, many people simply do not see any difference in these devices. Of course, they can be understood: in appearance, both power tools are very similar, even more – they can perform the same function. For example, many craftsmen use a screwdriver as a drill – that is, using a special drill, they make a hole (the main purpose of a drill). However, there is a difference between the two considered devices, and it is significant. In this article, we will primarily focus on the signs of the difference between them.


Screwdriver necessary for tightening and unscrewing small screws and bolts. The power tool has a built-in mechanism that stops the rotation of the chuck at the moment when the resistance to this rotation reaches its maximum. This is a very important point, because the mechanism prevents damage to the screwdriver attachment. By the way, you should definitely take into account that the above-mentioned mechanism is adjustable. Today, there are two main types of devices: screwdrivers that operate on the mains, and models that operate on a battery. Of course, the price of power tools is different.

Cordless screwdriver DeWALT

Drill essential for drilling holes on various surfaces. It is widely used in construction, decoration, carpentry and assembly work. An interesting fact is that the first electric tool for drilling holes appeared in the middle of the 19th century, and since then it has been constantly improved. The modern drill has two modes of operation: normal and percussion. If in the first case everything is more or less clear – a drill is necessary to drill ordinary holes in the wall and wood surfaces, then in the second one should be slightly more precise. Impact mode is activated when it is necessary to drill holes in stone or concrete, that is, in harder surfaces.

Impact drill BOSCH


We have already found out that these power tools perform completely different tasks. But the main differences do not end there:

  • The rotational speed of the screwdriver cartridge is significantly lower, plus there is no inertial moment. In other words, as soon as you turn off the screwdriver (release your finger from the button), the chuck immediately stops, while the drill is still spinning for some time by inertia.
  • Safety engineering. To work with a drill, experts recommend wearing safety glasses so that small particles formed during the drilling process do not get into the eyes. The screwdriver does not need to follow special safety precautions, you just need to be careful and careful when working with the attachment.
  • Various operating modes. It was already noted above that the drill can be turned on both normal and percussion mode. The screw gun is regulated only by rotation speed, no more.

Which is better wrench or screwdriver?

Given the many functions of a screwdriver, it performs a wider range of work, which is what wins over a nutrunner. In many cases, it replaces the nut device, performs the simple work of a wrench. The screwdriver works even more accurately: the tangential impact of a professional nutrunner, although it works quickly, but the screws do not withstand the stress and can fly out of the building material.

what is the difference between a drill screwdriver and a screwdriver

Tip: From the outside, the nut mechanism looks like a conventional drill, and its holder is equipped with an extension attachment.

The impact wrench becomes indispensable during large construction works, when working with cars, ships, airplanes and other units. A device for screwing in self-tapping screws and screws is often used at home for furniture repair. Since such a mechanism is free of mains power, the use of a wrench is often grown up.

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What is the difference between a wrench and a screwdriver: 3 main criteria

In some everyday situations, it is quite difficult to get by with a wrench. Then devices come to the rescue that help to assemble and disassemble threaded devices. Some of these are a screwdriver and a wrench. They have one task. Help when working with fasteners. But also a lot of differences. We propose to consider the main differences between the devices, find out which one is more convenient to use, and how you can upgrade an old screwdriver to a nutrunner.

An impact wrench is a mechanical tool for screwing in and out nuts and bolts. You cannot do without it when you need to unscrew a rusted nut in hard-to-reach places, and a simple wrench is powerless. The impact wrench can be confused with a drill. But an experienced owner will see the difference: the attachment installed in the holder. It is this nozzle that squeezes the nut and holds it while the engine twists it in or unscrews it.

Tip: DeWalt DW292 is considered a convenient option. The model consumes 710 watts of power.

Screwdriver – a device for screwing in and out screws, screws, self-tapping screws and other fasteners. Its peculiarity. Work at different speeds. Expands the range of possibilities. The device drives screws, drills, has an impact function.

Tip: Bosch has also established itself as a market leader in this niche. Especially popular are the models Bosch GSR 6-45 TE, Bosch GSR 14.4-2-LI Plus.

A wrench, unlike a screwdriver, is considered a more professional tool. According to the method of application, the mechanism for nuts is: gasoline, pneumatic, hydraulic and work from the network. It is designed for screwing in or out bolts or nuts. Unlike a screwdriver, a chuck is not attached to the nutrunner. A rod with a nut head is installed in its place.

The second difference. In tightening power, here the impact wrench has an advantage. With it you can “master” any crafts.

Another difference lies in the volume and weight of the mechanisms, for example, not every person can lift some wrenches. Also, screwdrivers are able to regulate their work process, while another representative of mechanics does not have this opportunity. The nutrunner copes with complex tasks no faster than the screwdriver, which creates a lot of noise during operation. This fact is the key difference. In such a situation, equipped with a 3-speed gearbox, the DeWalt DCF895M2 screwdriver can replace any nut tightening device in light tasks.

In terms of operational capabilities, the nut mechanism has serious limitations. It is good to use drills when drilling. So, for soft wood, it is not necessary to use a professional mechanism, you can get by with a tool for screwing in Black screws&Decker EPC12CAB.

It may also be interesting: How to choose a drill

How to convert a screwdriver to a wrench?

Consider how to convert an unusable screwdriver into a new wrench. For such a design you will need:

  • Set of adapters.
  • Device battery.
  • Control indicator.
  • Button for wrench.

Tip: Store the devices in a case, so the chance of breakage if dropped is minimized. It is important to remember that attachments for mechanisms are very fragile and require careful maintenance.

For the device, you need to set the horn for the brakes. Then you need to connect and solder all the connectors of the indicators. If you connect the components correctly, you get a screwdriver. Watch your voltage. The battery is difficult to tolerate. Assembly of parts will take no more than 20 minutes; you can also convert the device to its original state. Such a device will be able to screw in the screws, but for this you need to put a suitable nozzle.

In summary, it is not necessary to buy new home appliances. Practical expert advice will help you build your wrench. At home, it can be easily replaced with a screwdriver. For more serious construction, the impact wrench is irreplaceable. We hope our material has helped to understand the main differences between devices for screws and nuts.

See clearly in how to make a new wrench from an old screwdriver: Turning a screwdriver into a wrench

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Is it worth buying a tool

Sometimes buying a tool may be impractical, for the reason that a screwdriver is simply not suitable for performing certain jobs. Despite the convenience and mobility of drills with batteries, you need to be aware of their disadvantages:

  • The weight of the device is quite significant due to the fact that the battery is installed in the tool body. It will not be very convenient for working with a canopy.
  • In the process of discharging the battery, the power and quality of work decrease. This deficiency causes severe discomfort.
  • When the battery is discharged, you will have to wait until it is recharged, and if a household screwdriver is used in the work, then this is at least 3 to 4 hours.
  • Over time, the battery loses its power and charge, so sooner or later you will need to purchase a new charger.

We definitely recommend looking at:

However, if you take into account the peculiarities of the operation of a cordless drill, you can purchase a screwdriver that will fully meet the stated requirements and will work for a long time without being connected to the electrical network. In order to choose a suitable model, the following factors should be remembered:

  • Through the autonomous mode, the preparation time of the tool for work depends on the voltage, which ranges from 9 V to 24. This value forms the power, on which the weight of the battery itself depends.
  • The battery will hold a charge longer if the current / time ratio is highest.
  • All types of batteries have their own characteristics. Perhaps the best option would be nickel – metal hydride batteries. Although they can withstand fewer charges than lithium ones, they do not have hazardous substances. However, they are small in size.

For convenience, it is better to choose a model with a separate charging mode. This way, you don’t have to wait for the drill to charge. While one battery is charging, the other will work. The batteries are easy enough to change as needed.

What is a drill and screwdriver?

Screwdriver necessary for tightening and unscrewing small screws and bolts. The power tool has a built-in mechanism that stops the rotation of the chuck at the moment when the resistance to this rotation reaches its maximum. This is a very important point, because the mechanism prevents damage to the screwdriver attachment. By the way, you should definitely take into account that the above-mentioned mechanism is adjustable. Today, there are two main types of devices: screwdrivers that operate on the mains, and models that operate on a battery. Of course, the price of power tools is different.

Tool manufacturer

In order to choose a screwdriver, one should not forget that the choice of the tool manufacturer plays an important role. Naturally, a household drill and a professional drill will differ in price and quality, but it is clearly not worth overpaying for a regular screwdriver. You can choose a household screwdriver from Bosch, Hitachi or Hammer.

Most professional drills are manufactured by Dewait. The company’s products are distinguished by a decent value for money. When buying, you should take into account the fact that the cost of the tool, as a rule, doubles, depending on the popularity of the manufacturer. Also, you should pay attention to the list of possible functions – most of them are rarely useful in work, and the price of the tool is greatly increased.


The screwdriver can only be used for tightening self-tapping screws, since it has only a hexagonal seat for the bits. Although it should be said that there are drills with a hexagonal fit, like bits, but usually they are only of small diameters, and they are not available everywhere.

Thus, for this tool, we conclude that it can only be purchased for tightening self-tapping screws. At the same time, remember that it is tied to the network, which means that it will not work autonomously with it.

It is most convenient to use this unit in any assembly shop, where work is carried out at one working place to screw in self-tapping screws or screws.

What is the difference between a drill and a screwdriver?

Hello! In today’s article I will tell you how a drill differs from a screwdriver, since not everyone understands the difference between them and in the end they do not know what to choose.

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To begin with, I propose to define the terms. If we start from the terminology of manufacturers, then screwdrivers they call the device shown in Figure 1. This is a network screwdriver with adjustable speed, reverse, and also having a device thanks to which it is possible to avoid breakage of the nozzle splines (bits).

Picture 1

And the manufacturers call drills both the machine shown in Figure 2 and the devices shown in Figure 3 and 4, which are popularly called screwdrivers (mains or cordless) or simply screwdrivers.

Picture 2 Picture 3 Picture 4

In order not to get confused, in this article we will assign the following names to each unit:

  • The tool from Figure 1 I will call the screwdriver
  • From figure 2 – drill
  • From Figures 3 and 4 – drill-driver.

At the same time, I note that the difficulties of choice arise precisely between the last two types, since everything seems to be so clear with an ordinary screwdriver. But I’ll describe all three devices early.


The main function of the drill is drilling. However, if there is an adjustment of revolutions and reverse (and they are now on most models), it can also be used as a screwdriver.

However, they lack any mechanism to automatically prevent bit stripping.

Therefore, here you have to rely only on your hands and head.

On the drill, the verdict will be as follows. Buy it if you are going to mainly drill. But keep in mind that sometimes it can also be used as a screwdriver – after all, it is in any case more convenient than turning with a screwdriver.

There is a way out – drill-screwdriver

Of course, one cannot ignore the fact that buying two power tools separately dramatically empties the wallet, however, there is a way out of this situation! Universal drill / screwdriver! This is a truly unique building tool that is essential in everyday life. The work of the drill driver does not depend on electricity, it is compact and convenient. Such a tool will become an indispensable assistant in finishing and repair work.

How is a screwdriver different from a drill?

The main purpose of the screwdriver is tightening and unscrewing self-tapping screws, small bolts. In addition to the listed functions, if necessary, the screwdriver can also be used for drilling holes with small drills. Many people who are far from construction believe that, in fact, a screwdriver in its structure is no different from an electric drill, only it is smaller in size. And that one has only to put a special nozzle in the drill chuck, as it automatically becomes a screwdriver. This is a completely wrong opinion. A screwdriver and an electric drill are two completely different tools. For example, when the screws are tightened with a screwdriver, if the load on the chuck is excessively exceeded, it automatically starts to scroll. This is necessary so that the edges on the head of the screws are not deformed and in the future you can turn them out. Also, a screwdriver has a significantly lower chuck rotation speed compared to an electric drill. In addition, the screwdriver has no moment of inertia. That is, as soon as you remove your finger from the trigger, the rotating chuck of the screwdriver immediately stops, unlike a drill, in which the chuck still rotates for a while by inertia. Screwdrivers are distinguished mainly by the type of power supply. There are mains-powered screwdrivers. And there are models that run on batteries. The advantages and disadvantages of the first and second are obvious. If the mains screwdriver does not require recharging, but it is necessary to pull the electrical wiring to the place of work, then you can work with the battery even where there is no electricity. The next thing to consider when choosing a screwdriver is the amount of work ahead. If you only need a screwdriver for mounting several plastic windows, then it makes absolutely no sense to take a professional model with a wide range of speed adjustment and a capacious battery.