What kind of oil to pour into a chainsaw for lubrication

What oil is required to be poured into the chainsaw to lubricate the chain?

  • 11-11-2014
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Chainsaws, as a rule, have a two-stroke or four-stroke engine and two tanks, one of which is filled with fuel, that is, gasoline, and the second should be filled with oil, which lubricates the saw chain. The volume of the gasoline tank can include 0.3-1.0 liters of the consistency of fuel with oil, and the oil tank has a volume that is actually 2 times smaller.

kind, pour, chainsaw, lubrication

Recycled chain oil is not recommended.

Storage features

For long-term storage in unheated rooms, it is recommended to put new and used saw chains in oil baths. This method compares favorably with applying grease, since it excludes the formation of condensate moisture and local corrosion.

Manufacturers of adhesive oils

Almost all manufacturers of chainsaws are engaged in the production of consumables for them, explaining that these products are most suitable for use in conjunction with their saws. There is no information about how true this is, but based on the experience of operating and repairing chainsaws, it can be noted that there are no significant differences in the service life of parts or at least visible wear.

But the fact is the fact, the manufacturers recommend and cannot be hidden. So, back to the manufacturers, and start with the popular Stihl brand.

Stihl BioPlus

Probably, every user knows Stihl brand products. Eco-friendly Stihl chainsaw chain oil is effective and is based on vegetable ingredients. The chain oil is of high quality that can be appreciated in all climates. Thanks to their environmental friendliness, Stihl products have always been popular with customers. Especially noteworthy is the Stihl BioPlus chain oil, which is formulated for the treatment of high-speed chains. It differs:

  • resistance to oiling;
  • excellent adhesion thanks to special additives;
  • excellent protection of the cutting head;
  • excellent fluidity that remains even at low temperatures;
  • oxidation resistance.

The most important thing is that the oil is absolutely safe for the environment, as it decomposes naturally.

Chainsaw oil. which oil is better to use for lubricating the chainsaw chain

You are a recent owner of a chainsaw, and you still do not know which chain oil is best to use. Lack of this knowledge can have a detrimental effect on the tool, since the type and quality of the lubricant determines how long the tire and the tool chain will maintain their performance.

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After reading this article, you will fill the knowledge gap, because we will consider the use of oils, of various manufacturers and brands, to reduce friction between the parts of the saw headset. And also we will figure out what additional lubricants are used to service the chainsaw in order to maximize its service life.

What to consider?

Saw chain lubrication should be given due attention. First of all, you should choose a special oil that will not harm the oil pump. In addition, this will ensure the quality of the self-lubrication system. The chain also requires proper storage, that is, immersion in oil, and in case of wear, you should not try to reanimate the old chain. it is easier to replace it. How to choose oil for chainsaw chains so that it is safe and meets all requirements?

The choice of a specific oil should be depending on where and how the chainsaw is used. Mineral compositions are suitable for summer and warm season. In other cases, it is better to use synthetic or semi-synthetic oils. If you need to lubricate the chain, do not use waste oils, which will lead to clogging of the fuel system, and then to serious damage to the tool.

Chainsaw oil must be thoroughly cleaned to ensure proper and accurate lubrication. If you use low-quality compounds, then there will be no contact between the saw elements and the tire, sparks will appear, and subsequently the moving parts of the saw will wear out.

How to choose?

Each chainsaw has a carburetor two-stroke engine and two tanks: one is filled with gasoline, the other is filled with oil. When choosing a composition for lubrication, zoning plays an important role. it should be minimal. Another important indicator is resistance to low temperatures: the oil should not solidify with a strong minus, which will ensure the quality of the entire tool.

For lubrication, it is advisable to use an adhesive oil for chainsaws, containing special substances, thanks to which the composition adheres well to the chain. High-quality oil will remain on the chain as it rotates, and the chain itself will be more reliable in operation.

Another important indicator of lubrication is density: if the composition is liquid, it will be consumed in greater quantities. In order not to harm the environment when using a chainsaw, it is important to use plant-based oil. its waste will decompose in the natural environment.

What kind of chainsaw oil to choose, because modern manufacturers offer a wide range of options? Specialized manufacturers include such brands as Divinol, Bio-Kettenol, Ravenol, VegOil, Mobil, Castrol, Shell. Let’s consider the features of their products in more detail.

  • 1. What parts of a chainsaw need oil
  • 2. How to choose oil for chainsaw
  • 3. Oil for chainsaws ROLF Garden 2T
  • 4. Physical and chemical characteristics
  • 5. How to determine the ratio of gasoline to oil
  • 6. Rules for preparing the fuel mixture
  • 7. Choice of oil for chain lubrication

Chainsaw engine oil must meet a number of requirements. First of all, this is high thermal stability and antiwear properties: when using a chainsaw, especially in summer, the engine can heat up to high temperatures. Since the exhaust goes directly into the work area, minimal smoke is desirable. Taking these points into account, ROLF Lubricants GmbH creates a special oil for gasoline-powered tools and garden equipment with two-stroke engines.

How to determine the ratio of gasoline to oil

The mixing ratio of oil and gasoline is indicated by the manufacturer in the instructions and is usually duplicated on the gas tank cap. However, it should be borne in mind that on old saws, the ratio concerned low quality mineral oils, which is why the lubricant had to be added to gasoline in an increased volume.

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Modern synthetic oils for two-stroke engines are able to reliably lubricate the engine already at a ratio of 50: 1, while earlier the norm was 25: 1 and even 20: 1. An increase in the concentration of synthetics in the fuel mixture will not reduce engine wear, but smoke and carbon formation will increase. Finally, operating costs will also rise. oil will have to be purchased more often.

Oil for chainsaws ROLF Garden 2T

The oil is produced on a synthetic base, which ensures the highest quality. Therefore, ROLF Garden 2T has a low smoke point, burns completely and with extremely low carbon deposits. At the same time, it reliably protects the engine from wear, since it has a balanced additive package. With prolonged engine operation on ROLF Garden 2T, rapid contamination of the muffler with carbon deposits and products of incomplete combustion of oil, which reduce the power of the chainsaw, is eliminated.

The oil was developed specifically for gardening equipment, where the main lubrication method is a ready-made fuel mixture. When creating ROLF Garden 2T, this was taken into account, and the product received excellent stability when mixed with gasoline. The ready-made composition during storage excludes delamination, clogging of the carburetor channels. The oil does not reduce the octane number of gasoline, eliminates the risk of detonation under load.

Due to its low freezing point, ROLF Garden 2T is excellent for winter work, which maintains the efficiency of engine lubrication with the fuel mixture. The oil burns well in the engine, reducing the risk of spark plug failure. Thus, the amount of maintenance required for the chainsaw can be kept to a minimum.

The quality of the oil is confirmed by the approvals of the largest chainsaw manufacturers. In addition, ROLF Lubricants GmbH offers a simple and effective anti-counterfeiting system: all the company’s products are packaged only in tin containers. As practice shows, counterfeit in such conditions practically does not occur on the market: packaging in plastic is more profitable for counterfeiters.

Fuel mixture preparation rules

The fuel mixture for chainsaws must be prepared in a clean container to prevent clogging of the carburetor and damage to the engine by mechanical impurities. The measured volume of oil is poured first. this way you can spend less time mixing until smooth. When filling with gasoline, it combines well with oil.

It is most convenient to prepare the mixture in the same quantity. For example, 1 liter of gasoline will require 20 milliliters of oil. The same measure can be used for any other multiples of volume.

It is advisable to use the prepared composition as quickly as possible. This is due to the inevitable aging of gasoline: a mixture that has been stored for a long time can impair the starting of the chainsaw. The smoke of combustion may also increase; detonation is likely at high loads. At the same time, the risk of mixture stratification, due to which the storage of benzene-oil mixtures was not previously recommended, is irrelevant for modern two-stroke oils.

Physicochemical characteristics

Density at 15 ° С, kg / m 3 876.8
Kinematic viscosity at 100 ° С, mm 2 / s 10.76
Kinematic viscosity at 40 ° С, mm 2 / s 81.36
Viscosity index 118
Flash point in an open crucible, ° С 158
Pour point, ° С -37
Quality classes JASO FD / ISO-L-EGD, JASO FB / API TC
Tolerances Husqvarna HVA 242, HVA 346, Stihl

Chainsaw oil

What parts of a chainsaw need oil

The quality of the lubricant directly determines the engine life. Despite the small working volume, chainsaw motors are used relatively heavily. The inertial loads on the parts of the crank mechanism are proportional to the square of the revolutions. Since most gasoline tools most often run at “full throttle”, chainsaw oil must retain its properties at high shear rates, avoid dry friction in the crankshaft bearings and piston group.

In addition to the engine, the tire also needs lubrication: the sliding chain inevitably wears it out. Forced oil supply from a separate reservoir saves resource both for the tire and for the chain itself. The oil used for lubrication should, if possible, be as viscous and sticky as possible in order to better adhere to the chain and tire, and not fly apart. Additionally, according to the requirements of environmentalists, such oils are usually biodegradable.

Performance properties

In the production of branded and standard oils, standards related to viscosity or density, as well as the concentration of impurities, are taken into account. Among the features, we note the following points:

  • Organic and mineral compositions practically do not differ in their performance. This is due to the fact that grease flies off the tire surface rather quickly. It is not worth overpaying significantly for the purchase of expensive lubricants, since the difference is insignificant.
  • The protective properties of mineral compounds are significantly higher than those of natural ones. That is why it is recommended to use such oils for one-time work.
  • If there are only a few days between works, then it is recommended to use organic compounds. They are much cheaper than mineral ones, while they are characterized by high efficiency in application.

If this is the first time you are using the lubricant, you should hold the saw at medium speed for a few minutes and check if it is suitable for your particular model. Such oils are also characterized by the temperature at which they can maintain their performance.

How a chain oil system should work?

To ensure reliable operation of the chainsaw, a special chain oil lubrication system is installed. An example is the following information:

  • Fuel tanks are selected in terms of volume, taking into account that a little oil should remain at full fuel consumption. In addition, it is important to properly tune the carburetor so that fuel is not used up quickly.
  • With a slow decrease in oil at the time of using the saw, the lubrication efficiency decreases several times, the conductivity of the channels also decreases. Over time, a malfunction may appear, which will be quite difficult to fix.
  • It is recommended to check the condition of the oil pump from time to time. If necessary, you can adjust the performance using a special screw.
  • You can check the correct operation of the pump yourself. For this, the tire is brought to the illuminated surface. If oil splashes appear on it, then the structure is working correctly. Grease consumption is adjustable depending on the specific situation.

Saw chain lubrication system

A sign that an insufficient amount of lubricant gets into the cutting zone can be called strong heating and the appearance of smoke, an unpleasant odor at the time of cutting wood. With strong heating, the metal expands, due to which the circuit is pinched in the groove.
The effectiveness of the degree of lubrication decreases when the tire hits the ground. That is why, if the saw is used carelessly, it wears out quickly. When in contact with the ground, the chain oil collects various substances on itself, due to which the heating of the metal is accelerated.

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Self-selection criteria

Problems often arise when the right branded oil cannot be found. Many experts recommend choosing an analogue from well-known manufacturers that will ensure long-term operation of the device. Among the features of the choice of chain lubrication, we note the following points:

The operation of the lubrication system must be monitored in a timely manner. With the wrong choice of oil, the service life of the saw is reduced several times.

What parts of a chainsaw need oil?

A modern chainsaw is represented by a complex mechanism, which consists of a large number of different elements. The following elements need lubrication:

  • The chain is the element on which the blades for sawing wood are attached. It consists of a large number of individual elements, movably connected to each other. At the time of use of the device, the surface may become very hot. At the same time, due to high humidity, the metal can rust, due to which the operational life is significantly reduced.
  • The engine is the part of the chainsaw, due to which rotation is transmitted to the tire. Modern engines also require a lubricant that can significantly extend their service life. Different lubricating products are used to lubricate the chain and the motor, which should be considered.

Filling the chainsaw with oil

The operating instructions also indicate which parts of the chainsaw need lubrication.

Chainsaw chain oil

Chainsaws are most widely used in everyday life and industry. Features of their design determine that in order to ensure a long service life, it is necessary to periodically lubricate the chain and many other elements. Lack of lubricant can negatively affect the performance of the tool, reduce its efficiency and duration of operation.

When to use special chain oil?

Manufacturers recommend the use of a special chain oil whenever the chainsaw is used. This recommendation is related to the points below:
  • The oil pump may be damaged. This is due to the special properties of the lubricant.
  • The use of waste or other oils for other purposes reduces the ability of the tool to high revs.
  • If the tire is heavily worn, a new chain must not be put on it. This is due to increased surface wear. It is recommended to purchase at least four chains with frequent work.
  • It is strictly forbidden to work without the oil being poured into the tank. At the time of refueling the chainsaw with fuel, the tire must be lubricated.

When using a special oil for lubricating the chain, you need to pay attention to its quality, since the composition should not contain various impurities or debris. Otherwise, the oil pump can quickly fail.

Chainsaw chain lubrication

Almost all manufacturers of chainsaws and accessories are engaged in the production of lubricants. Chainsaw chain oil protects metal from rapid wear and corrosion. In addition, the chain oil stays on the surface for a long time even with prolonged operation of the device.

A little about the lubrication of the chainsaw chain by working off

Waste oil is oil that has already served its life in an engine or gearbox. It is often used to save money, including when servicing your chainsaw.

It should be borne in mind that mining can lead to rapid wear of the structure.

This can be attributed to the following points:

  • Often, the breakdown is associated with a large amount of metal chips in the composition. It gets there at the time of operation of the engine and gearbox, then accumulates in the pallet.
  • Metal swarf becomes abrasive when it hits the tire. Due to this, the process of surface wear is significantly accelerated. The sprocket with the bearing is worn out.
  • Working off has a negative effect on the connection points of the moving elements of the chain. Due to strong wear, the likelihood of its breakage increases at the time of operation.

The above information indicates that in all cases it is necessary to use a special product that is designed for this. Work that was previously used in an engine or gearbox is not suitable for a chainsaw.

Choosing engine oil

Saw chain oil is not always used as a universal option. Often, the filling is also carried out for the engine, from which the tire receives rotation. When choosing it, the following points are taken into account:

  • It is necessary to give preference only to the versions recommended by the manufacturer of the saw.
  • Mineral lubricants are more popular, as they are more effective in application.
  • Products from well-known manufacturers are characterized by higher performance characteristics.
  • It is necessary to take into account the recommended temperature regime. Some versions cannot be operated at too low temperatures, as this leads to an increase in viscosity. Too high viscosity causes structural damage when operating at high speeds.

Various brands of chainsaw oils

If the lubricant is not added to the engine in a timely manner, then it can wear out quickly or completely fail.

When to Use Special Chain Oil

The use of special oils for chain lubrication will be justified in the following cases:

  • You have a new chainsaw under warranty and to maintain it, you must use oils recommended by the manufacturer of the chainsaw. Otherwise, if, for example, the oil pump fails, then the repair will be carried out not under warranty. This is especially true for expensive professional chainsaws.
  • You respect the environment and prefer not to pollute it again. In this case, oils with the prefix “bio” are suitable.
  • When working at critical temperatures.

Consider several types of oils from different manufacturers and sort them by price category, environmental friendliness and container volume.

Chain oil

In other cases, it is quite possible to replace the oil for lubricating the chain with any other than working off. However, there is one more nuance…. Often users have a question: “Why is the consumption of oil for chain lubrication more than the fuel mixture? After all, their consumption is interconnected? ” It should be borne in mind that manufacturers of chainsaws consider the consumption of oil for lubricating the chain, filling in their own brand. And the consumption of any other can differ both in the smaller and in the larger direction.

On many chainsaws, starting from semi-professional, it is possible to adjust the oil consumption for chain lubrication. This is done by adjusting the capacity of the oil pump.

If such an adjustment is not provided, then the settings come initially from the manufacturer. How to check if the consumption of chain oil is normal on your chainsaw? It is necessary to start the saw, apply gas and bring it to a board, log or other surface that is horizontal. When the chain is running, particles of oil to lubricate the chain should fly out and leave a thin, even oil trail.

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Chainsaw chain oil. What and when to pour?

Very often, when selling a chainsaw, the question sounds: “What kind of oil should I fill to lubricate the chain?”. The most common answer is: “Anything except working off.” This is absolutely true, but there are some nuances…. For example, sellers often offer to buy chain oils from manufacturers of chainsaws or designed specifically for this purpose. This usually makes sense at low temperatures or when you place great emphasis on protecting the environment.

Chainsaw chain oil brands

  • Chain oil Nanotech Standard. Suitable for working at temperatures up to. 20 degrees.
  • Adhesive oil Nanotech Premium. For operation at 30 degrees.
  • Chain oil from a well-known manufacturer of machine tools and equipment. Enkor. Capacity 1 liter.
  • And the last in this category is Champion oil. Capacity 1 liter.

Mineral oils with the prefix “Bio”

  • Makita Biotop Oil.
  • Adhesive oil Husqvarna Bio.
  • Stihl Bio Plus Oil.

Branded oils intended for use according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.

  • Makita Oil
  • Makita Biotop Oil.
  • Adhesive oil Husqvarna Bio.
  • Oregon chain oil 1 liter.
  • Stihl Bio Plus Oil.
  • Stihl oil 1 liter

Oils packaged in containers of large volumes allow you to save money when buying. Relevant for enterprises with a large volume of work.

Often, the simplest oil of the M-8 or M-10 brand will be the best choice of oil for lubricating the chain and bar. Its characteristics are quite satisfactory for the necessary purposes.

At low temperatures, it is necessary to pour oil with a low thickening point, otherwise the pump for oil supply may fail.

What oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain

The answer to this question is quite simple, for this you need to open the instructions for any saw and it will indicate that you need to fill in oil that has a good adhesion effect.

Adhesion is a measure of the adhesion of a material, in this case oil, to the metal surface of the bar and chain.

What is it for? The fact is that the chain moves along the tire at a high speed, and if oil is used as a lubricant, which has low adhesion, then most of it, by inertia, flies off the end of the tire and lubrication of its lower part does not occur. This phenomenon can be observed with a small experiment.

Start the chainsaw, point the end of the tire towards a bright surface and add maximum gas. As a result, oil stains will appear on it, which are proof of the theory. Also, we definitely recommend reading an interesting article on how to start a chainsaw.

Manufacturers of adhesive oils

Almost all manufacturers of chainsaws are engaged in the production of consumables for them, explaining that these products are most suitable for use in conjunction with their saws. There is no information about how true this is, but based on the experience of operating and repairing chainsaws, it can be noted that there are no significant differences in the service life of parts or at least visible wear.

But the fact is the fact, the manufacturers recommend and cannot be hidden. So, back to the manufacturers, and start with the popular Stihl brand.

Other manufacturers

Less common manufacturers of adhesive oils specifically designed for lubricating saw chains, but popular with chainsaw owners, are:

  • Carver;
  • Adhesive CHAMPION, sold in containers up to 10 liters, which is convenient for use in forestry;
  • Makita Biotop;
  • Caliber;
  • Fubag;
  • Oregon;
  • Makita.

Stihl adhesive oils

The company’s website contains the following adhesive oils designed for various operating temperatures and having a good lubricating performance:

  • ForestPlus adhesive oil. recommended for use at temperatures up to. 15 ° C, shelf life under storage conditions is 3 years. Supplied in 1 liter or 5 liter containers;
  • BioPlus. its peculiarity is a vegetable base, which allows it to decompose quickly when it enters the soil. It is used up to minus 15, it is supplied in three, five and one liter containers;
  • The latest SynthPlus oil is characterized by its ability to maintain performance at minus 25 ° C.

We also recommend reading an interesting article about all Stihl oils.

Chainsaw sprocket lubricant

To increase the service life and reduce friction on the drive sprocket, the manufacturer equips this mechanism with a needle bearing, which must be lubricated periodically. Stihl multipurpose grease can be used for lubrication.

If you do not want to overpay, it is better to use an inexpensive, but no less high-quality option, Litol or Litol 24 grease. Due to its viscosity, Litol will easily replace the original.

It is possible to lubricate the sprocket of the chainsaw tire with the same lubricants as the leading one, using a special filler for this. This allows the lubricant to be pressed in, through the technological holes in the tire, to the sprocket bearing.

Husqvarna oils

The company offers its customers Husqvarna Bio Advanced oil for use in normal and extreme conditions. The oil is produced from plant components and is environmentally friendly, it is supplied in one liter and five liter containers.

How To Fix A ChainSaw If It Won’t Oil The Bar And Chain. Video

As an economical solution, the company has Vegoil oil, according to the manufacturer, its consumption is reduced by 40% compared to others. Supplied in a liter container.

The company also produces bearing grease, which it recommends for lubricating the bearings of the drive sprocket and the sprocket on the saw bar.

We recommend reading an interesting article about all Husqvarna oils.

You can also get acquainted with some oils for chains by watching the video below, in it a seller of a large network of tools, comments on the use of adhesive oils from various manufacturers.

Chainsaw chain oil. which one to use

You are a recent owner of a chainsaw, and you still do not know which chain oil is best to use. Lack of this knowledge can have a detrimental effect on the tool, since the type and quality of the lubricant determines how long the tire and the tool chain will maintain their performance.

After reading this article, you will fill the knowledge gap, because we will consider the use of oils, of various manufacturers and brands, to reduce friction between the parts of the saw headset. And also we will figure out what additional lubricants are used to service the chainsaw in order to maximize its service life.

  • What oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain
  • Chainsaw sprocket lubricant
  • Manufacturers of adhesive oils
  • Stihl adhesive oils
  • Husqvarna oils
  • Other manufacturers
  • Expert oil comparison
  • How to replace the original expensive oil and is it worth?
  • A little about the lubrication of the chainsaw chain by working off