Which trimmer oil to choose?
When using a device such as a petrol trimmer, it is especially difficult to maintain it. When it comes time to change the oil, many do not know which oil to fill in the trimmer.
In most of these types of devices, oil is poured along with gasoline. Therefore, the owner must definitely know, using a trimmer, the ratio of gasoline and oil. In most cases, 20 g of oil is taken per liter of fuel. over, the higher the quality of the fuel, the lower its consumption.
There are also 4-stroke trim engines available. In such oils for trimmers are poured into a separate container, which does not cause any particular difficulties. One of the main advantages of these devices is their low noise, which allows you to work without headphones. Trimmer oils with a four-stroke engine are marked 4T, which must be paid attention to.
What trimmer oils you need to use?
Today, there are few people left who use an ordinary braid on their personal plot. This “grandfather’s” the method practically does not occur. And many already have no idea how to handle it, sharpen it and rivet it. With the development of technology, devices called trimmers have appeared.
There are two main types of such devices. These are gasoline and electric. From the name it is clear that their main difference is the power source. Each type has both advantages and disadvantages. The advantage of gasoline engines is the absence of a power cord, which does not restrict the owner from moving around the site during work. The electric one needs a 220 V network for power supply. There is no way to do without an extension cord, which will constantly interfere and get confused under your feet.
A modern trimmer that runs on fuel, thanks to the presence of various replaceable heads, has turned from an ordinary scythe into a means of small mechanization with many functions. Having installed the appropriate nozzle, the owner will not be difficult to form a crown of shrubs on his personal garden plot. In the snowy winter, it can be used as a snow blower. The very replacement of the working heads of the trimmer does not take much time and can be done with or without a tool.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Gasoline Trimmers
Thus, summing up the above, it is necessary to note the main advantages and disadvantages of gasoline trimmers. The pluses include:
The disadvantages include:
- more weight;
- the amount of noise emitted during operation is greater than that of electrical ones. Despite this, the number of petrol trimmers in summer cottages is only increasing.
What kind of oil to fill in a gasoline generator?
Oil is one of the most important components of any engine, without exception.
The most popular questions asked by generator owners are related to the choice of generator oil. For example: “What kind of oil to fill in the gas generator?”, “How often to change the oil in the generator?” “What kind of oil to pour into the gas generator engine?” You can get an answer to all these questions by reading this article.
The question of choosing an oil for a generator should be approached with all seriousness, since the wrong choice often leads to malfunctions of the generator without a generator and to rapid engine wear.
To begin with, it is worth figuring out what types of oil exist.
In order for the gas generator to work properly, two types of oil are used: engine oil and grease (which is for lubrication).
Engine oil is needed to work between rotating and rubbing parts of the engine, while grease is intended to maintain the operation of plain and rolling bearings.
If you give your preference to one manufacturer, then you should adhere to it throughout the entire time, you should not change the brand too often.
What to do if you still used a low-quality product?
-Flush the engine system and refill with good quality oil.
Remember! The key to stable and long-term operation of your generator is high-quality oil.
Classification (marking) of oils
API. the system is designed so that thanks to it you have the opportunity to select the products corresponding to the required type of engine and service life.
Mark S (first letter). designed for oil on a gasoline engine.
The second letter characterizes the level of quality (the further the letter is from the beginning of the alphabet, the higher the quality of the oil is).
Today, the highest quality oil is considered to be marked with SN.
It is advisable to use engine oils that comply with API class SL, which are marked on the packaging.
The following SAE groups can be distinguished:
How To Fix Echo String Trimmer Leaking Oil Srm 225
SAE 10W30, SAE 10W40 engine oil is recommended as a universal oil for gasoline generators. for work at all temperatures.
It is also important that for each engine, individually, depending on the manufacturer, power, etc. all the oil cannot come up at once. Therefore, the temperature table (indicated below) of a specific product can help you in your choice.
For gas generators, high-quality oils for 4-stroke engines are used that meet the requirements of car manufacturers for service of a class not lower than SG.
As practice shows, it is not worth pouring synthetics. It is most likely to use semi-synthetics, which have the properties of synthetic and mineral oils.
So, the answer to the question.
“How often do you change the oil in the generator?”
For each manufacturer, the question of changing the oil is individual. It is recommended to drain the break-in oil, and this must necessarily happen after 30-50 hours or 6 months. This should be done even if they write that it is not necessary to do this.
It should be remembered!
Changing the oil in the gas generator. these are not all procedures for the maintenance of your gas generator.
Depending on the operating time, it is necessary to carry out
timely procedures TO-0, TO-1, TO-2, TO-3, TO-4.
Works that include maintenance:
Cleaning or replacing filters: fuel, oil and air.
Cleaning the fuel cock.
Cleaning and adjusting the carburetor.
Replacing or cleaning the spark plug
Battery check. also check the battery charger
Diagnostics of all units of the generating set for extraneous noise.
10.Check the low oil protection system
11.Frequency and voltage setting.
12.Cleaning the fuel tank.
13.Checking and replacing the fuel hose,
14.Ignition diagnosis and adjustment
15.Checking the piston group
16.External cleaning from dirt
If the list of routine maintenance is not followed, the generator can:
100% quality oil change required or maintenance required?
Our experienced specialists will be able to quickly and efficiently, using special equipment and tools, to carry out any maintenance at affordable prices. Call: 063 202-90-70 or 097 023-42-42.
Types of fluids for power steering
Before answering the question of what kind of oil is in the hydraulic booster, it is necessary to decide on the existing types of these fluids. Historically, it so happened that motorists distinguish them only by color, although this is not entirely correct. After all, it is more technically competent to pay attention to the tolerances that power steering fluids have. In particular:
- mechanical properties;
- hydraulic properties;
- chemical composition;
- temperature characteristics.
Therefore, when choosing, first of all, it is necessary to pay attention to the listed characteristics, and then to the color. In addition, the following oils are currently used in power steering:
- Mineral. Their use is due to the presence of a large number of rubber parts in the power steering system. O-rings, oil seals and others. In severe frosts and in extreme heat, rubber can crack and lose its performance properties. To prevent this from happening, they use mineral oils that best protect rubber products from the listed harmful factors.
- Synthetic. The problem with their use is that they contain rubber fibers that are harmful to the rubber sealing products in the system. However, modern automakers began to add silicone to rubber, which neutralizes the effect of synthetic fluids. Accordingly, the area of their use is constantly growing. When buying a car, be sure to read in the service book which oil to pour into the power steering. If there is no service book, call your authorized dealer. In any case, you need to know the clear tolerances for the use of synthetic oil.
Let’s list the advantages and disadvantages of each of the mentioned types of oils. So, the benefits of mineral oils include:
- gentle effect on rubber products of the system;
- low price.
Disadvantages of mineral oils:
- significant kinematic viscosity;
- high tendency to foam;
- short service life.
The benefits of fully synthetic oils:
Differences in the color of different oils
- long service life;
- stable work in any temperature conditions;
- low viscosity;
- the highest lubricating, anticorrosive, antioxidant and foam suppressing properties.
Disadvantages of synthetic oils:
- aggressive impact on rubber parts of the power steering system;
- admission for use in a limited number of vehicles;
- high price.
In terms of common color gradation, automakers offer the following power steering fluids:
- Red. It is considered the most perfect because it is based on synthetic materials. Refers to Dexron, which represent a class of ATF. transmission fluids for “automatic” (Automatic Transmission Fluid). These oils are often used in automatic transmissions. However, they are not suitable for all vehicles.
- Yellow color. Such fluids can be used for automatic transmissions and for power steering. Usually they are made on the basis of mineral components. Their manufacturer is the German concern Daimler. Accordingly, these oils are used in machines manufactured in this concern.
- Green color. This composition is also versatile. However, it can only be used with a manual transmission and as a power steering fluid. The oil can be made on the basis of mineral or synthetic components. Usually more viscous.
Many car manufacturers use the same oil for automatic transmission and power steering. In particular, these include companies from Japan. And European manufacturers require a special fluid to be used in hydraulic boosters. Many consider this to be a simple marketing ploy. Regardless of the type, all power steering fluids perform the same tasks. Let’s consider them in more detail.
Signs of power steering fluid leakage
There are several simple signs of a power steering fluid leak. By their appearance, you can judge that it is time to change or top up it. And this action is associated with a choice. So, the signs of a leak include:
- lowering the liquid level in the expansion tank of the power steering system;
- the appearance of streaks on the steering rack, under rubber seals or on oil seals;
- the appearance of a knock in the steering rack when driving:
- more effort is needed to turn the steering wheel;
- the power steering pump began to emit extraneous noises;
- a significant backlash appeared in the steering wheel.
If at least one of the listed symptoms appears, it is necessary to check the fluid level in the reservoir. And if necessary, replace or top up it. However, before that, it is worth deciding which liquid to use for this.
Compliance of machines and power steering fluids
We give a small table of correspondences of fluids for power steering and direct car brands.
If you did not find the brand of your car in the table, then we recommend that you look at the article on the 15 best fluids for power steering. You will surely find a lot of interesting things for yourself and choose the fluid that is optimal for the power steering of your car.
Is it possible to mix fluids for power steering
What to do if you do not have the same brand of fluid that your car’s power steering system uses? You can mix similar compounds, provided that they are of the same type (“synthetics” and “mineral water” should not be interfered in any way). In particular, yellow and red oils are compatible. Their compositions are similar, and they will not harm the power steering. However, it is not recommended to ride on such a mixture for a long time. Change the power steering fluid as soon as possible with the one recommended by your car manufacturer.
But green oil should not be added to red or yellow in any case. This is due to the fact that synthetic and mineral oils cannot be mixed with each other.
Liquids can be conditionally divided into three groups, within which it is permissible to mix them with each other. The first such group includes “conditionally miscible” mineral oils of light colors (red, yellow). The figure below shows samples of oils that can be mixed with each other if there is an equal sign opposite them. However, as practice shows, mixing oils, between which there is no equal sign, is also permissible, although undesirable.
The second group includes mineral oils of dark tones (green), which can only be mixed with each other. Accordingly, they cannot be mixed with liquids from other groups.
The third group also includes synthetic oils, which can only be mixed with each other. However, it should be noted that such oils must be used in the power steering system only if this is clearly indicated in the manual for your car.
It is most often necessary to mix fluids when adding oil to the system. And this must be done when its level falls, including due to a leak. The signs described below will tell you about this.
What kind of oil to fill in the power steering
What kind of oil to fill in the power steering? This question is of interest to car owners in different cases (when changing fluid, when buying a car, before the cold season, and so on). Japanese manufacturers allow automatic transmission fluids (ATF) to be poured into the power steering system. And the European ones indicate that it is necessary to pour special fluids (PSF). Outwardly, they differ in color. According to this main and additional features, which we will consider below, it is precisely possible to decide which oil to pour into the power steering.
What to pour into the power steering
The answer to this question is simple. the fluid recommended by your car manufacturer. And it is unacceptable to conduct experiments here. The fact is that if you constantly use oil that is not suitable in composition for your power steering, then over time there is a high probability of complete failure of the power steering.
Therefore, when choosing which fluid to pour into the power steering, the following factors must be taken into account:
GM ATF Dexron III
- Car manufacturer recommendations. No need to engage in amateur performances and pour anything into the power steering system.
- Mixing is permissible only with similar compositions. However, it is undesirable to use such mixtures for a long time. At the earliest opportunity, replace the fluid with the one recommended by the manufacturer.
- The oil must be able to withstand significant temperatures. Indeed, in the summer, they can warm up to 100 ° C and above.
- The liquid must be sufficiently fluid. Indeed, otherwise, there will be an excessive load on the pump, which will lead to its premature failure.
- The oil must have a significant resource of use. Usually, the replacement is carried out after 70.80 thousand kilometers or every 2-3 years, whichever comes first.
Also, many car owners are interested in questions about whether it is possible to pour gear oil into the gur? Or motor oil? As for the second, it’s worth saying right away. no. But at the expense of the first. then they can be used, however, with certain reservations.
The two most common fluids are Dexron and Power Steering Fuel (PSF). over, the first is more common. Currently, fluids that meet the Dexron II and Dexron III standards are mainly used. Both formulations were originally developed by General Motors. Dexron II and Dexron III are currently manufactured by numerous manufacturers under license. Between themselves, they differ in the temperature range of use. The German concern Daimler, which includes the world famous Mercedes-Benz, has developed its own power steering fluid, which has a yellow color. However, there are many companies in the world that produce such formulations under license.
Functions of fluids for power steering
The functions of oils for power steering include:
- transfer of pressures and efforts between the working organs of the system;
- lubrication of units and mechanisms of power steering;
- anti-corrosion function;
- transfer of heat energy to cool the system.
Hydraulic oils for power steering contain the following additives:
PSF fluid for power steering
- reducing friction;
- viscosity stabilizers;
- anticorrosive substances;
- acidity stabilizers;
- coloring compositions;
- antifoam additives;
- compounds for protecting rubber parts of the power steering mechanism.
ATF oils perform the same functions, but their differences are as follows:
- they contain additives that provide an increase in friction at rest of clutches, as well as a decrease in their wear;
- different fluid compositions are due to the fact that clutches are made from different materials.
Any power steering fluid is created on the basis of a base oil and a certain amount of additives. Due to their differences, the question often arises as to whether different types of oils can be mixed.
The question in the title can be classified as eternal, that is, those about which motorists will argue to the point of hoarseness as long as power units that need this technical fluid are in use. Of course, it is impossible to say unequivocally that only mineral, semi-synthetic or synthetic oil should be poured into a car engine. there are too many factors to consider when choosing it. Today we will consider all the possible options that can affect the choice of lubricant for the “heart” of the machine.
To begin with, let’s remember why, in fact, the engine needs oil. It performs several useful functions: it lubricates the rubbing surfaces of engine parts, protects them from corrosion, removes heat in the places of friction of parts of the power unit, reduces shock loads, and, finally, serves as a “detergent”, washing out all the debris accumulated in the engine casing during its exploitation. Now we will build on what types of oil mankind has invented in order to protect the power plant of the machine from all of the above troubles.
The first motor oil was produced naturally from petroleum feedstocks. It is the most “natural” lubricating fluid, the composition of which is rich in natural hydrocarbons. Unfortunately, these natural components of the oil are highly unstable, changing their properties under the influence of external factors, such as ambient temperature. The first engines, which used mineral oil, suffered greatly from the effects of temperatures, as a result of which the technical fluid could not perform its main functions for a long time, and needed frequent replacement, which in itself did not please car owners. With the development of chemistry, scientists have figured out that it is possible to stabilize the properties of mineral motor oil with the help of special substances. the so-called additives. They began to be actively added to the composition of the oil, but although the expected effect was, it also turned out to be short-lived. And all because the additives added to the lubricating fluid under the influence of all the same factors collapsed very quickly, extending the life of the “mineral water” for a short time.
A real breakthrough in the “oil” business was the invention of synthetic technical fluids for engine lubrication. Obtained by the synthesis of hydrocarbons, these oils were distinguished by greater resistance to unfavorable factors, did not require, due to their stable composition, many additives inherent in “mineral water”, and, most importantly, significantly extended the life of the engine.
Then a third type of motor oil appeared. semi-synthetic. It was created by mixing bases of synthetic and mineral oils in a 30/70 ratio (some semi-synthetic oils are based equally on “synthetics” and “mineral water”). This oil is the “golden mean”, as it has absorbed the best properties of the other two lubricants.
Talking about which oil is better to fill in a car engine, you need to remember a few more of its parameters that must be taken into account when choosing this technical fluid. These include viscosity (the ability of an oil to become thinner or thicker under the influence of certain temperatures), the presence of additives and the approval of an automobile manufacturer.
It cannot be said that some oil is better, and some worse. for one type of engine, for example, “mineral water” is suitable, and the other will work like clockwork only on “synthetics”. As a rule, mineral motor oils are filled into older engines (carburetor). Modern injection engines (it doesn’t matter if a gasoline or a diesel engine in a car) of new cars is best tolerated by synthetic oil. it is this oil that is poured into the engines of cars while still on the conveyor. But in the same modern engines, with an increase in mileage, such a property as increased waste (degree of combustion and oil consumption) is manifested. To reduce the degree of waste, semi-synthetic oil is used. Thus, we came to the conclusion: mineral water. for engines of old cars (they can work on synthetics and semisynthetics, but what’s the point of paying more?), Synthetics. for motors of completely new cars, semisynthetics. for units of new, but already passed a certain kilometers (from 60 to 90 thousand km) of cars.
But it was we who decided on what types of oils to choose in terms of chemical composition under ideal conditions. In fact, the process of choosing an oil for a particular engine is a little more complicated. First of all, you need to consider which oils the manufacturer recommends. Information about this can be found in the car manual, but if you bought a used car and there is no “manual” for it, then data on the types, brands and viscosity characteristics of engine oil can be found on the Internet, on the websites of the automaker.
As a last resort, you can call the dealership that sells cars of your brand and check all the parameters with a consultant. Then you need to determine which oil was filled from the factory (if the car is new) or the previous owner of the car. In modern cars, as mentioned above, synthetic oils are used, while used cars in the engine, most likely, are filled with “semi-synthetics” or, if the device is rare, “mineral water”. Having determined what composition and viscosity the oil has already been used in the unit of your car, you can select the brand.
Currently, the automaker does not name specific brands of oils that they pour into the engines of their cars, telling customers that there is branded oil (for example, “Mercedes” or “BMW”).
They do this because they want to keep the owner of the car on the service “needle” for as long as possible, selling him “branded” oil at a price much higher than it is sold by the spruce plant of technical fluid. Therefore, the task of the motorist is still to find out the specific brand of oil in order to save his money. In addition, it is not at all necessary to pour oil of a certain brand into the engine of your “iron horse”. for sure there are a lot of analogues on the market, which, perhaps, will suit you more on the “price. quality” scale. Indeed, the main thing in oil is not the brand, but its chemical composition (mineral, synthetic or semi-synthetic) and the degree of viscosity.
Based on all of the above parameters, you can determine which type of oil is suitable for your particular engine.
Engine oil is a special blend of solvent and friction-reducing additives. They form a certain viscosity and do not allow the composition to thicken when the temperature is lowered. Usually oils are specially colored in different colors: green, red or blue. This allows them not to be confused.
Please note that they may vary in composition, so petrol trimmer oil will be labeled “for gardening”. In addition, it may still differ in marking: “2T” or “4T”. The first is two-stroke oil, which is poured into the corresponding engine. And the second is intended for pouring into the crankcase.
In addition, you should be aware that under no circumstances should mineral and synthetic oils be mixed due to the fact that they have a different base.
Now let’s try to figure out how to choose a quality gasoline trimmer oil. The main feature to look out for is the base number. This moment excludes the oxidation of the parts in which friction is observed and slows down their deformation as much as possible. The more this compound is used, the faster it loses its alkalinity and becomes more oxidized. The optimal indicator of acidity (PH) is a value of at least 8-9 units.
The second important factor, which also has a serious impact on the performance of a gasoline trimmer, is the viscosity of the oil. This characteristic determines the ability to use the device at different temperatures. Summer brands of oils begin to thicken already with a minimal decrease in temperature.
But given that such trimmers are usually used in autumn and spring, it is best to use just oil with summer markings.
The third point, the importance of which should not be underestimated, is the flash point. This indicator should not be less than 225 degrees. Otherwise, the composition will burn out very quickly and the load on the piston group will begin to increase, which will cause its accelerated wear. Also, 4-stroke oil is not suitable for 2-stroke. Namely, the latter type of motors is used in the vast majority of lawn mowers.
If we talk about manufacturers, then you can make a small rating that will allow you to navigate the formulations offered by various manufacturers. For example, Stihl offers quality synthetic and mineral oils, which have already proven themselves as an excellent solution at any time of the year.
Shell Helix Ultra oil is considered very good. Experts note its high characteristics and excellent indicators of alkalinity and viscosity. In addition, the products of such brands as Oleo-Mac, Motul, Hammerflex, Echo are considered worthy. If we talk about the products of domestic brands, then you should pay attention to Lukoil oil. Its price is several times lower than foreign counterparts, but at the same time it has high quality and good technical characteristics.
In general, the ideal solution would be a synthetic or semi-synthetic oil labeled TB or TA.
A quality oil that can be poured into a gasoline trimmer must meet a number of requirements and standards to ensure reliable operation of the device and its performance. The oil should:
- provide an increase in wear resistance for various elements (in particular, the gearbox is especially susceptible to this);
- to ensure the formation of smoke and exhaust gases is as low as possible;
- do not allow premature ignition;
- mix well with gasoline when exposed to low temperatures;
- have good viscosity and flow characteristics in various temperature ranges;
- be as safe as possible in terms of environmental impact.
As mentioned, two-stroke engine oil will differ from four-stroke engine oil. It has higher power, which is why fuel for it is obtained by mixing a certain amount of gasoline and oil. For each lawn mower, the ratio will be different. You can find out its meaning in the instructions for the device. These proportions must be observed with maximum accuracy. When adding additives, take into account the type of motor.
If mineral oils are used, the mixing should be somewhere in the ratio of 1: 25, 30 or 35, depending on the type. If we are talking about a synthetic analogue, then the proportion will be 1: 50 or 80. That is, a certain amount of oil dissolves in the volume of gasoline.
The oil that is poured into the engine may differ in the production method. According to this criterion, it happens:
- mineral. this type is obtained during the processing of petroleum products;
- synthetic. it is obtained by processing or synthesizing gas;
- semi-synthetic. this type has better characteristics due to the introduction of synthetic-based components into it.
Lawnmower oil refers to formulations intended for use in air-cooled engines that have a combustion chamber volume of 50-200 cubic centimeters. In addition, any two-stroke oil can differ from analogs in additives that give it certain additional characteristics. They are of the following types.
- Antiwear. The main task of the oil will be to reduce wear of parts during the operation of the device.
- Antioxidant. They do not allow oxidation to occur and make it possible to maintain the performance of the oil for a long time.
- Anti-corrosion. Their task is to prevent corrosion from forming on engine parts.
- Friction modifiers. These additives can significantly reduce the coefficient of friction.
Two-stroke oil from different manufacturers may differ in the combination of additives used, which means that their properties will differ.
Recently, when purchasing oil for dilution with gasoline, users very often come across the fact that special letter abbreviations are applied to the cans. These designations are made within the framework of the API classification. Consider what types of oils exist in accordance with it.
- The TA is used for air-cooled lawn mowers with an engine displacement of no more than 50 cubic centimeters. It can be used not only for mowers, but also for mopeds, lawn mowers and other types of machinery. For a petrol trimmer, this is the optimal solution.
- TB is used to refuel a chainsaw, scooter, moped or motorcycle, the engine of which does not exceed 200 cubic centimeters. Can also be used for refueling petrol trimmers.
- TC is suitable for thinning with gasoline and pouring into a snowmobile, motorcycle and other types of equipment.
- TD is intended for refueling boats, yachts and hoverboards.
But in addition to this classification, other letter designations of the FA-FD type are often found. It should be said that the API is an American standard that is used in Europe. But there is a discrepancy between European and American smoke emission regulations. For this reason, additional letter designations should also be taken into account.
- FA can be used in countries where minimum exhaust gas emissions are required by law. Barely noticeable smoke may be emitted when using oils with such markings.
- FB. can be used in countries where the restrictions on the emission of smoke and gases are much stricter. In this case, the smoke will practically not be emitted.
- FC. a transparent smoke appears here, which the human eye cannot notice.
- FD is a special category of oils for 2-stroke engines, they do not create smoke at all. They have increased chemical properties. Usually this oil is used for mixing with gasoline and subsequent refueling of boats and yachts.
In addition, oils come in two more categories:
In the first case, this will mean that it is necessary to carry out self-mixing, which does not require shaking, and in the second case, you will need to do it too.
Petrol trimmer oil: types and recommendations for use
- Selection Tips
- How to use?
Gasoline trimmers are some of the most popular lawn mowing attachments. They are easy to use, mobile, allow a person to be independent of an outlet and show excellent results where they are used. But for the stable operation of a gasoline trimmer, high-quality consumables are needed. In particular, we are talking about gasoline and oil. It is about the last component that we will talk about in this article.
How to use?
For the proportions of oil used, see above. We must say right away that you should not deviate from the indicated values and dilute gasoline by eye. At best, you just need to change the oil, and at worst, engine damage cannot be avoided.
It is also important to be able to prepare the mixture correctly. It cannot be poured into the gas tank. It is better to pour the oil into a special container that already contains gasoline. A plastic bottle of mineral water is perfect for this. It is very important that it is clean, which is why beer or milk bottles will not work. And it is better that it be a liter or two-liter, since it will be difficult for many to calculate how much oil to fill in a 1.5-liter or 1.25-liter bottle. You will also need to have a syringe on hand that will function as a dosimeter. It is best to take a regular medical one for 10 or more cubes.
Now we will explain step by step how to make a good gasoline trimmer oil.
- First, you need to find out exactly what type of oil is required for a particular model of the scythe, as well as find out the exact ratio of gasoline and oil to create a mixture.
- Then you need to fill the container. The container should not be filled with gasoline to the end, because oil must still fit there;
- Now we draw the required amount of 2-stroke oil into the syringe and pour it into a bottle of gasoline. You can not do the opposite, otherwise all the ingredients will need to be replaced, and the mixture will need to be done again.
- Close the bottle with a lid and stir. It is important not to forget that you need to stir the mixture if there are the words Premix on the bottle of oil. If it says Selfmix, then after mixing the substances, everything is poured into the tank.
Now all that remains is to fill the petrol trimmer, and you can carry out the necessary work.
For information on how to choose oil for gasoline trimmers, see the next video.
How much oil should be poured into the Balkankar loader? What kind of oil to pour into the loader.
There are often questions. what kind of oil to fill in the Balkankar loader. in this article I will try to give a detailed answer on the number and name of all technical fluids.
How much and how much oil should be poured into the Balkankar loader?
For diesel engines D2500 and D3900, motor oils of the M10G2K type (according to the operating instructions) or any diesel oil with a viscosity of 10W40 or 10W30 are provided. For the D243 engine (installed on a loader DV 1792M). M10DM for turbocharged engines.
To change the Balkankar oil, the following amount is required:
The volume of D2500 engine oil. 7.5 liters (DV 1621, DV 1661)
The volume of D3900 engine oil is 8.5 liters (DV 1784, DV 1786, DV 1788, DV 1792, DV 1794, DV 1798, Dimex D35 and others)
Engine oil volume D243. 12 liters (DV 1792M)
For your convenience, I will attach photos of the engines so that you can clearly compare.
How much oil to pour into the gearbox?
From the factory, two main types of gearboxes were installed. these are GDP (hydrodynamic transmission) and on earlier versions of the manual transmission forklift, a conventional manual transmission. Automatic transmissions are divided into two types of GDP 6844 (old type) and GDP 6855/6860 (new type)
To change the oil of the automatic transmission Balkankar, we need:
For the gas drive unit 6844/6855/6860/6870/6865, 12 liters of oil (together with a torque converter) TYPE “A” or ATF Dexron II are used for the old and new types, without a fluid coupling about 9 liters.
Differences in automatic transmission. on the left GDP 6844, on the right GDP 6860
How much coolant is included?
According to the manual, water or antifreeze should be poured, but practice shows that it is quite possible to use antifreeze. Balkankar produced engines with a cast iron and steel block, they are not whimsical to coolant. It is best to use TOSOL or green antifreeze G11.
Up to 2 tons (DV 1621, DV 161). from 15 to 18 liters of coolant.
than 2 tons (DV 1784-1798). 20 liters (in practice, less is included)
For loaders DV 1784, DV 1786, DV 1788, DV 1792, DV 1794, DV 1798, the amount of 65 liters I20A, or other gear oil H32, H46 is set. For small lift trucks DV 1621, DV 1661 and other modifications. liters of the same transmission.
Oil in axle loader Balkancar
On forklift trucks up to two tons (DV 1621, DV 1630, DV 1636, DV 1661), 5 liters of TAD 17A transmission oil are used or according to API GL4, GL5 80W90 approval, on forklift trucks over two tons (DV 1784-1798), the same amount is used, exactly 5 liters.
Brake fluid quantity
According to the technical literature, 0.5 liters of brake fluid is used for all Balkankar loaders, although in reality a little more is included, it is worth taking 1 liter, it is not so expensive. You can use ROSA or NEVA brands.
Frequency of replacement of technical fluids Balkancar
Oil change. every 250-300 m3 / h
Gearbox oil change. 500-1000 m / h
Hydraulic oil change. every 1000 m3 / h
Change of transmission oil. every 1000 m3 / h
Brake fluid change. every 1000 m3 / h
Coolant change. every 1000 m3 / h or 3 years, whichever comes first
Performing routine maintenance on time, you can guarantee the correct operation of the loader for many years, use original filters and oils, beware of counterfeits. Be sure to check the condition of the air filter. the loader will work for a long time and bring profit to your company.