What Oil Should Be Poured Into The Tiller

Oil change in Tilleri

As a rule, the funds are poured after 100 hours of work. But it so happens that this procedure must be carried out every 50 hours. To make a replacement, you need:

  • Unscrew the plug from the drain tank;
  • Drain the oil into a special dish (this operation takes about 15 minutes);
  • We twist the plug from the drain tank;
  • We fill the gearbox with new oil to the required level;
  • Close the hole with a plug through which clean fuel was poured.

Changing the engine oil

It so happens that a person bought a tiller without oil. In this case, it is necessary to fill in a new clean agent before installing the unit. At the same time, attention is paid to the viscosity. It must correspond to a certain indicator. For THESE purposes, brands such as SAE and API are suitable, the features and characteristics of which have been presented above. But you should still look at the instructions. It is in it that a certain type of oil is indicated, which is most suitable for this type of engine.

Replacing it in the engine occurs after three hours of continuous tiller operation. But it should be borne in mind that different manufacturers of this fuel indicate their specific time. After the first replacement, the procedure follows the instructions, that is, every 25 hours.

  • Open the lid of the container where the oil is located;
  • We unscrew the cover of the drain tank;
  • The oil that remains in the engine is drained into a special container (the procedure takes about 15 minutes);
  • Close the cover of the drain tank;
  • We fill the gearbox with new oil to the required level;
  • Close the hole with a plug through which clean fuel was poured.

There is nothing complicated in this process. It can be done by adhering to certain instructions.

How to choose?

During operation, the tiller motor is constantly exposed to serious stress.

There are many technical characteristics of oils. What kind of oil to pour into the tiller? When choosing, pay attention to viscosity and quality. These two indicators are key. First of all, they choose which tiller is better to use for this type of product, as well as climatic conditions. The answers to these questions can be found on the labeling of the motor fluid.

Tiller grease

The most common is 10w30 tiller oil.

The price of lubricants for tillers depends on the brand of the manufacturer, as well as on their technical characteristics.

What kind of oil to pour into the tiller? Criterias of choice

Over time, every person who uses the tiller is interested in the question of which oil to pour into the tiller, as well as how to do it. It is worth paying special attention to this question, since the service life of the tiller depends on the correct choice.

Features of the gearbox

The oil in the tiller gearbox must be changed regularly. Why do this? After a while, the additives begin to lose their characteristics. In order for them to serve for a long time, they must be protected with oil. If you do not replace it, this will lead to foaming of the product, and the gearbox starts to jam. But there are vehicles in which it is not necessary to replace this fluid.

To replace it, use transmission types of products.

What kind of oil to pour into the tiller?

First you need to read the instructions for the used device model. It is here that it is indicated which oil to pour into the tiller and in what quantity. These rules should be strictly adhered to. First of all, you should find out which tiller is better. If you choose a machine that runs on diesel fuel, then you need to use diesel oil accordingly. In addition, pay attention to the season, as there is a summer and winter remedy.

It happens that a person buys a gasoline tiller without instructions.

Characteristics of product types

There are such types:

  • SAE. Its main indicator is resistance to various temperature changes. It is used not only for the summer, but also for the winter period. How to determine? First of all, you need to look at the number in front of the letter W. The lower its value, the more adaptability it is to cold temperatures. The smallest value is 0W. If there is such a letter, then the oil is intended for the summer season. The larger the value, the better its quality.
  • API. This value characterizes the operating conditions. There are two types of them: diesel and gasoline. The letter values ​​indicate the quality of the oil, as well as where it should be poured: into a gasoline or diesel tiller. Also, its appearance depends on the number of measures. That is, the number 2 is an engine with two strokes, etc. Some brands can be used for both two strokes and four, which are called combined. Another indicator is the literal value of EU, which means energy conservation. The economy of the oil is indicated by Roman numerals, and the higher they are, the better it is.
  • ASEA. Indicates the original quality of the material. The oil can be used Not only for passenger cars, but also for trucks running on diesel fuel. It is usually followed by a number. If its value is high, then the vehicle can work in difficult conditions.
  • CCMC. This indicator is rarely used. He indicated for which types of cars the oil is suitable.
  • MIL-L. This indicator is used in military terminology and is divided into two parts. Code 2104. indicates that the tiller is diesel, and 46152 is gasoline.
  • GOST 17479.1-85. This is the last characteristic that indicates the viscosity of the oil. It is followed by various letters and numbers indicating the type of fuel. If they are absent, then the grease is universal.

Before you buy oil, you should decide in what season it will be used.

So, we figured out how to choose the right lubricant for your tiller.

Changing engine oil in tilleri

The oil change process in the Tilleri is quite simple and takes a little time. For this work, you need to prepare in advance a container for draining the used lubricating fluid with a wide neck and a set of keys of the required size.

The entire replacement process consists of the following work:

  • The engine must idle for 4-5 minutes for the oil to warm up and drain quickly;
  • Gently tiller tilts and with a key of a certain size opens the drain hole;
  • Used oil completely flows out of the hole into a previously prepared container;
  • The drain hole is closed;
  • The filler hole opens;
  • New oil is carefully poured into the filler hole;
  • Filler hole closes securely.

After replacement, you need to check its level with a dipstick. The volume to drain the old and the new filled should be the same. It is very important to carry out the replacement with the simultaneous replacement of the spark plugs.

By composition

In addition to seasonal characteristics, lubricants are divided into types according to their composition:

  • Mineral;
  • Synthetic;
  • Semi-synthetic.

The air-cooled engine heats up quickly during operation. Engine oil Lowers its temperature. The wrong category causes damage to the motor. It is not recommended to use synthetic oil mixed with mineral.

Oil to fuel mixture

For normal operation of 2-stroke engines, part of the oil will need to be added to the fuel, ready-made so-called fuel mixture.

4-stroke engines do NOT need such a mixture and they are only fueled with clean fuel without adding oil. Diesel engines also do not need to add oil to gasoline, otherwise they can quickly fail.

The practical application of the above recommendations will make it possible to timely change the lubricant in the unit, which will allow it to maintain its mechanism in an efficient position and significantly save money on its repair.

What kind of oil should be poured into the tiller

Timely oil change in the tiller design is a very responsible and important job. Indeed, without this, it is impossible to ensure high-quality and long-term operation of the main units and systems of the tiller. The answer to the question. is it possible to fill the tiller with motor oil and which one to choose?

Here are the qualities of the engine oil poured into the tiller, the service life of the aforementioned unit largely depends. It should be remembered that a timely and correct engine oil change is much cheaper than buying and installing new engine parts that have failed due to improper care.

Classification of oil grades

To increase the service life of a gasoline or diesel engine, you need to make the right choice of engine oil. Untimely replacement thereof Reduces the life of the engine. How to choose it, in what quantity, how to pour it into the tiller. let’s talk about this in more detail.

Each mini-tractor or tiller kit includes instructions and a product passport. In the instructions, the manufacturer lists the suitable grades of fuel and lubricating fluids that can extend the life of the equipment. The engine oil performs the following functions:

With air cooling, the grease settles on the walls of the hot cylinder. These deposits contaminate engine parts and make lubrication difficult. Therefore, antioxidant additives are present in the lubricant. They remove carbon deposits from the cylinder walls and extend the life of the tiller. Different climates require the use of different oily fluids. They differ in viscosity, composition and purpose.

What kind of oil to fill in Tilleri Neva

The quality of the lubricant in the tiller is gradually decreasing and becoming unusable. Along with this process, engine wear occurs. To prevent the process of wear, it is necessary to change the lubricant mixtures in a timely manner. The instructions say the recommended brand and indicate its quantity. When buying, it is necessary to take into account the level of its viscosity, the classification of quality. For Tiller Neva, you need to purchase oil in the gearbox and in the engine.

Tiller Neva is equipped with different motors. They require lubricants of different brands and manufacturers. They should be filled into the engine taking into account the viscosity and category.

If a device with a Honda engine is purchased for a land plot, you can fill it with SAE 10W-30 grade in summer and winter. For the Lifan engine, the same universal tool is suitable. Subaru produces lubricant for its equipment itself. With a Subaru engine, you need to buy grease from the same company. Her brand is Ow20. It is suitable for winter and summer engine operating conditions. Let’s fill in 5w-30 of the same manufacturer instead.

The Briggs Stratton engine is filled with summer SAE 10W-30 engine oil. For winter conditions, SAE 5W-30 is suitable. Its consumption is higher than that of other motors, so the level should be checked more often. If necessary, the lubricant is added to the norm.

The gearbox is an important part of the tiller. For proper operation, it is necessary to fill the Tiller Neva gearbox with good quality oil, periodically replace it. These oils include TEP-15 and TM-5. Its volume is 2.2 liters. The spent liquid in a hot state is drained through a special hole and poured fresh. These types are suitable for MB-1 devices. When replacing, the unit is installed in a vertical position, a container is placed under it for draining the mining.

If the tiller is rarely used for work, the replacement is done at least once every two years. The Neva MB-2 unit needs to be filled with TAP-15V oil; instead, you can use the TAD-17I brand.

You need to know when the oil changes. Check the level of the unit you just bought. Some tillers are sold without lubricants. If necessary, you can add oil and the run-in device within 20-25 hours. Then the replacement is done after 100-250 hours. Terms are indicated in the instructions.

What kind of oil to pour into the tiller engine

In order for the tiller to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Oil is a key factor in engine performance. What kind of oil to pour into the tiller’s engine let’s try to figure it out on this page of the site.

The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the engine manufacturer’s recommendation for the tiller. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for the tillers and give excerpts from the instructions.

The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. the operating category and the viscosity class.

API classification by service category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here

CLASSIFICATION of graded OIL by viscosity
SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here

Winter. with the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W

Summer. no letter designation. Oils meeting these categories are highly viscous and are used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.

All-season. at the moment the most widespread are universal oils, which are used both in winter and summer.

Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40

What Oil Should Be Poured Into The Tiller

In winter use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous), and in summer use an oil with a higher value (more viscous).

Multi-viscosity grade oil is comprehensively stable under seasonal and temperature changes. For example, SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.

Manufacturer’s Recommended Tiller Engine Oil.

Tiller engine make Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil
summer winter operational class
Robin Subaru (Subaru) SAE 10W-30. in temperate climates SAE 5W-30. in cold regions Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher
(SG, SH or SJ recommended)
Honda (honda) SAE 10W-30 is recommended for use at all temperatures.
If you wish to use a seasonal oil, select an oil with a suitable viscosity index Based on the average temperature in your area
Lifan (Lifan) SAE-30 SAE-10W-30. all-season
Briggs Stratton (Briggs) Briggs Stratton recommends the use of synthetic oil when operating at temperatures below 0 ° C. If you have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs Stratton 10W-30 non-synthetic oil part number 998208
Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 certification mark, API and API service symbol labeled “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be used at all temperatures. Change of synthetic oil is carried out according to the Usually schedule.
Air-cooled engines heat up faster than car engines.
Using a non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often.
SF, SG, SH, SJ or above
(JSC Kaluga engine)
M63/ 12G1 or M53/ 10G1 GOST 10541-78, oil that meets API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30
Instruction from OJSC “Red October”
M10GY, M12GY TU 38.10148-85
M63/ 12G1 or M53/ 10G1 GOST 10541-78,
Cascade MB-6 Motor oil M-5s / 10G1, M-6s / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use engine oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with the recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)

Engines of THESE brands are installed on almost all currently produced tillers such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.

Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore, the result of operation in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too much oil can cause serious problems including engine seizure.

Manufacturers recommend NOT to use oil with additives for 2-stroke engines as well, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which will reduce engine life.

Use only SE, SF, SG engine oils for general gasoline engines.

Categories of motor oils for gasoline engines

SA For low stress applications where no additives are required
SB For use in the medium stress range. It features low oxidation properties, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.
SC For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967. And NOT equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.
SD For use in gasoline engines manufactured between 1968-1971 equipped with a PCV system. Better than SC category Reduces deposit formation over a wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.
SE For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972 Compared to SD category, better resists deposit formation over a wide temperature range, Reduces engine wear and corrosion.
SF For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared to SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, Reduces engine wear and corrosion.
SG It appeared in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and differs in additional quality improvements.
SH Highest category of motor oils, Introduced since 1992.

Categories of engine oils for diesel engines

CA For low to medium stress applications in engines powered by low sulfur diesel fuels. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.
CB For low to medium mechanical stress applications in engines fueled with high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category additionally Reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.
CC For applications with medium to high mechanical stress in uncharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.
CD For use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces high temperature deposits and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.

We provide information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of tillers and cultivators of the Patriot (Patriot) brand

Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)

Special high quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, tillers, mini tractors and other equipment.

Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before oil change.

Specially formulated to provide oil film stability.

1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;

Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;

The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;

Reduction of noise during engine operation;

Extension of engine life;

Flawless engine cleanliness.


Oil 4-stroke semi-synthetic Expert. Special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additives packages allows you to reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific. A special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additives packages allows you to reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
Supreme Mineral 4-Stroke Oil. Special high quality performance engine oil for use in modern 4-stroke air and water cooled gasoline and diesel engines.
Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.

Tiller engine oil change intervals

Briggs Stratton (Briggs) First 5 hours
– Change oil.
Every 8 hours or daily
– Check oil level.
Every 50 hours or every season
– Change oil.
Honda (honda)
Lifan (Lifan)
Checking Oil Level. Every Use.
Oil change. first month or after 20 hours of operation, thereafter. every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation
Robin Subaru (Subaru) Checking the level and adding engine oil. every time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark).
Engine oil change: First change after 20 hours of operation;
Subsequently. every 100 operating hours

A few more recommendations from shhodo manufacturers, the use of oil in tiller and cultivator engines:

  • Check the oil level, set the engine on a horizontal surface, wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
  • When changing the oil Drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
  • DO NOT use additives or additives in the oil
  • Dispose of used oil in a way that does NOT harm the environment, do not Drain it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.

Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from a Honda engine user manual:

Tiller today cannot surprise anyone. He became a faithful assistant in performing work on the site and cleaning the territory. The owners of such units know that they need constant care: replacing some consumables, checking and tightening the nuts, refueling. But you still need to change the oil for the tiller.

How often to change the lubricant in Tilleri?

Further oil changes should be carried out twice a year:

  • Before the start of winter.
  • At the beginning of the spring-summer season, before the start of intensive use of the unit for field work.

What kind of oil to fill in the tiller gearbox

Each tiller is equipped with a reducer. For it, transmission oil is also used, which is regularly changed. Today there are mechanisms in which there is a need to change the oil. For replacement, you need to use transmission compositions. This will extend the life of the unit. For the Tiller Neva MB-2 reducer, the TEP-15 transmission substance is required. It works in summer at air temperatures from 5˚С. For winter, TM-5 is poured. It can withstand up to 25˚С. Volume. 2.2 l.

For the Neva MB-1 unit, you need to prepare TAD-17I or TAP-15 V. The volume of the lubricant is 1 liter. Salyut-5 and Belarus 08N-09N uses M-10V2 and M-10G2 in warm weather. In winter. M-8G2. The Oka MB-1D1 is filled with a TAD-17I or TAP-15 V transmission. Tiller Tselina MB gearbox for refueling at the factory. Grease change is NOT required. Tarpan is fueled by TAD-17I or its analogues. Favorite. MS-20 or TAD-17I aviation oil.

Vario requires replacement of 80W90 every two years. The best oil for the Patriot Garden unit is 85W90. Recommended composition for Zubr reducer. TAP-15.

A few words about the timing of the replacement. In the Favorit gearbox, the first replacement is made after 25 hours of operation. Thereafter, it is changed every 250 hours. Replacement takes place better on a hot engine. The hot mining is drained through the oil drain, and fresh is poured through the opening for the inlet.

In the Celina device, the contents of the gearbox are changed for the first time after 50 hours of operation, then every 200 hours. Ugra and Oka are replenished daily with small amounts. Complete replacement is done after 100 hours of operation.