What oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor

What to pour oil into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor

Summer residents, entrepreneurs, farmers. everyone is interested in the garden equipment working for a long time and without interruption. Correct maintenance and operation of the walk-behind tractor or cultivator helps to extend the life of the equipment and increase its productivity. One of the most important structural elements of the walk-behind tractor is the gearbox, and its performance depends on what oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor. Each owner should know what kind of lubricant to use in the gearbox and what is the frequency of its replacement.

Oil level

How to know if you need to add oil:

  • Place the single-axle tractor level on the ground or on a solid platform so that it is convenient to open the gearbox and fill in the lubricant. To do this, the gearbox must be in an inclined position.
  • Check the lubricant level. To do this, insert a probe or any suitable diameter metal rod 65-70 cm long into the hole on the gearbox. If the measurement result shows that there is at least 30 cm of fluid in the gearbox, no top-up is required.
  • If there is not enough liquid, add it to the desired level, checking with a dipstick.

It is advisable to check the oil level before each work shift, as well as inspect the gearbox housing for leaks. After work, measurements are not carried out, since some of the liquid ends up on the parts, and the result will be unreliable. This simple operation should not be neglected: lack of lubrication can lead to parts breakage.

Motor-block reducer device

The gearbox is one of the most important components of the walk-behind tractor. It is available on absolutely all models, without it the equipment will not work. The function of the gearbox is the uninterrupted transmission of torque from the engine to the wheels through a V-belt transmission. In addition, it provides a change in the speed and direction of movement of the agricultural unit. Simply put, it provides movement and control of equipment.

The gearbox consists of a system of shafts and sprockets connected by a chain. The shafts take the rotation and are transmitted by the chain. The input shaft is equipped with a lever and a fork that shift the mechanism. Bolt-on plastic housing protects parts from dirt and dust.

Motoblocks are irreplaceable helpers in the household

All parts are made of metal and require lubrication. With a lack of lubrication, the load on the contacting parts increases sharply, which can lead to their rapid destruction. Timely oil change in the gearbox will ensure their serviceability and smooth operation of the mechanism as a whole.

Types of oils

Oils differ in types (mineral, semi-synthetic, synthetic), areas of application (motor, transmission), seasons (summer, winter). Gearboxes use gear oils with various additives.

Classification of gear oils by application:

  • GL-1 are mineral oils without additives or EP components. Designed for use at low speeds and loads. Used in spur, worm and spiral bevel gears.
  • GL-2. “mineral water” with increased requirements for antifriction properties, that is, abrasion resistance. They are used in worm gears, the work of which is accompanied by constant friction of parts against each other. May contain special anti-friction additives.
  • GL-3 is a grease with high antiwear and extreme pressure properties, that is, it prevents adhesion of the contacting surfaces. Designed for moderate speeds and loads. Used in spiral bevel gears.
  • GL-4 are oils with high quality EP additives. Designed to operate at high speeds in combination with low torque and vice versa. Used in hypoid gears in cars and trucks.
  • GL-5 and GL-6 contain an EP additive containing sulfur and phosphorus. Designed to operate at high speeds at low torques, as well as shock loads on the gear teeth. Oils of the GL-6 group, in addition, are designed to operate with gears with vertical displacement along the axes. Used in hypoid gears of cars.

Oil change does not take long

Oil change procedure

The replacement is as follows:

  • Start and warm up the engine.
  • Place a single-axle tractor on stands or on a raised surface.
  • Place an empty container for used oil under the drain hole of the tank and open the plug.
  • After completely draining the oil, close the drain hole tightly.
  • Pour fresh grease into the upper hole, checking the level with a dipstick. How much oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor depends on its volume. Typically a dry gearbox requires about 2 liters. The exact figure is indicated in the operating instructions.
  • Wipe both holes to remove any remaining grease.

When do you need to change the oil:

  • if the gearbox was repaired;
  • if the oil level is extremely low;
  • if a new grade of grease is used;
  • if the replacement period has come according to the instruction manual.

This is a fairly simple operation, for which you do not need to go to the service. High-quality gear lubricant is not cheap, but you can save on the work of replacing it.

The exact intervals for changing lubricants and other technical fluids are indicated in the instructions. On most motoblock models, this operation is carried out after the first 25 hours of operation (on new equipment or after replacing the gearbox), then after every 250 hours of operation, that is, on average, once a month with daily work or once a season with occasional use. Work on changing the lubricant should be carried out immediately after work, measure the level. before it starts.

For gasoline engines

Gear oil should not be confused with engine oil. When filling the engine with lubricant, the type of fuel must be taken into account. The basis for gasoline and diesel oils is often the same, the differences lie in additives. special components that provide the oil with the desired properties.

Gasoline engines run on a relatively light fuel with low sulfur, and reach relatively high maximum revs. This means that gasoline oils must provide protection and lubrication of friction parts at high speeds. In accordance with these requirements, a set of additives is selected.

What kind of oil must be poured into the gearbox

In the question of which oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor, the most reliable will be to rely on the manufacturer’s recommendations. They are set out in the instruction manual, and if it is lost, the text can be easily found on the Internet. In general, any gear oil can be used to lubricate the gearbox. It is undesirable to mix oils in order to avoid conflicts between additives. In rare cases, substances can, when mixed, turn the entire lubricant into an emulsion, which is fraught with damage to the gearbox or at least thorough flushing. Therefore, before adding new oil, you should check for the presence of the old.

What kind of oil to fill in a single-axle tractor OKA

What oil to pour into the engine and gearbox of the Oka walk-behind tractor should be known to every owner of this technique. Oil is a key factor for the perfect operation of the engine and gearbox, under load conditions, when working the land. After all, work on the ground is a difficult task, and motor vehicles work under extreme loads.

Therefore, the oil in the walk-behind tractor needs to be changed much more often than in the car. The most correct advice on the choice of oil is the recommendations of the manufacturers of the walk-behind tractor and the engine to it. Therefore, we turn to the user manual for Oka and to the operating instructions for the engines used.

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Manufacturer of MB-1 Oka motoblocks. JSC Kaluga engine, Kaluga, st. Moscow, 247

The official website of the manufacturer of the Oka MB-1 walk-behind tractor. http://www.kadvi.ru

Operation manual for single-axle tractor Oka MB-1D1 (2, 3) M and its modifications download

THEN every 25. 30 hours of operation of the walk-behind tractor

  • Carry out daily maintenance work
  • Check the tightness of the gas hose connection. Leakage of gasoline through the hose connections is not allowed.
  • Check the oil level in the gearbox, top up to 1.5. 2 liters. (See Oil Change). Gear oil: TCn-10 GOST 23652-79 or any other gear oil complying with SAE: 80… 85W API: GL3… GL4

Oil for single-axle tractor Oka

Volume Oil type
Crankcase 1,3 Automotive motor oil for carburetor engines M-53 / 10G1 or M-63 / 12G1, or any oil that meets API requirements: SF, SG, SH and SAE: 10W-30, 15W-30
Walk-behind tractor reducer 1.8 Transmission oil TAD-17I, TAP-15V and others GOST 23652-79

The frequency of oil change in the Oka walk-behind tractor

Gearbox oil change intervals During break-in first oil change after 25 operating hours After every 25 operating hours Check the oil level in the gearbox. Top up to 1.5. 2 l After every 50 hours of operation. Change the oil in the gearbox
The frequency of oil change in the engine of the Oka walk-behind tractor (excerpts from the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers) Briggs Stratton (brigs) First 5 hours. Change oil. Every 8 hours or daily. Check oil level. Every 50 hours or every season. Change oil.
Honda (Honda) Lifan (Lifan) Check Oil Level. Every Use. Oil change. first month or after 20 hours of operation, thereafter. every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation
Robin Subaru (Subaru) Checking the level and adding engine oil. every time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark). Engine oil change: First change after 20 operating hours; subsequently every 100 operating hours

Changing the oil in the gearbox of the oka walk-behind tractor

Many people ask themselves how much oil is needed in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor? What kind of oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor?

Let’s try to answer these questions. According to the representative of the Operational Repair Department (ERO) of the manufacturer, checking the oil level in the gearbox of MB-1 class motoblocks, such as Oka, Neva, Cascade, Luch and the like, is as follows:

  • We install a uniaxial tractor on a flat plane (that is, the wings of the walk-behind tractor should be parallel to the surface, while the gearbox itself is in a working, inclined position)
  • We find a suitable clean wire, a twig 50-70 cm long, or something else that can serve as an impromptu probe.
  • We bend it a little into an arc.
  • We insert the wire-probe into the filler hole of the motoblock gearbox and push it to the end (all the way) along the gearbox body, that is, to the very bottom.
  • We take out the wire.

The wire should be approximately 25-30 cm in oil, in other words, the oil level in the gearbox installed on a single-axle tractor (that is, in the working position) should be approximately at the level of the second bolt from the bottom, the middle bolt (position 10 in the diagram here). which secures the block of sprockets number two of the gearbox (position 9 in the diagram here).

An absolutely dry oil reducer requires 2 liters, when changing the oil 1.5 liters, changing the oil in the walk-behind tractor gearbox is necessary every 50 hours of operation.

Oils recommended by the manufacturer: transmission oils TAD-17I, TAP-15V or others in accordance with GOST 23652-79, mixing of these oils in any proportions is allowed.

What oil to pour into the gearbox of the oka walk-behind tractor

THEN every 25. 30 hours of operation of the walk-behind tractor

  • Carry out daily maintenance work
  • Check the tightness of the gas hose connection. Leakage of gasoline through the hose connections is not allowed.
  • Check the oil level in the gearbox, top up to 1.5. 2 liters. (See Oil Change). Gear oil: TCn-10 GOST 23652-79 or any other gear oil complying with SAE: 80… 85W API: GL3… GL4

What oil to pour into the gearbox of the oka walk-behind tractor

By composition

In addition to seasonal characteristics, lubricants are divided into types according to their composition:

  • mineral;
  • synthetic;
  • semi-synthetic.

The air-cooled engine heats up quickly during operation. Engine oil lowers its temperature. The wrong category causes damage to the motor. It is not recommended to use synthetic oil mixed with mineral oil.

What kind of oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor

Each single-axle tractor includes a gearbox. For it, transmission oil is also used, which is regularly replaced. Today there are mechanisms in which there is no need to change the oil. For replacement, you need to use transmissions. This will extend the life of the unit. For the gearbox of the Neva MB-2 walk-behind tractor, the TEP-15 transmission substance is required. It works in summer at air temperatures from 5˚С. For winter, TM-5 is poured. It can withstand up to 25˚С. Volume. 2.2 l.

For the Neva MB-1 unit, you need to prepare TAD-17I or TAP-15 V. The volume of lubricant is 1 liter. Salute 5 and Belarus 08N-09N uses M-10V2 and M-10G2 in warm weather. In winter. M-8G2. The TAD-17I or TAP-15 V transmission is poured into the Oka MB-1D1. The gearbox of the Celina MB walk-behind tractor is refueled at the factory. No grease change required. Tarpan is filled with TAD-17I or its analogues. Favorite. MS-20 or TAD-17I aviation oil.

Vario requires replacement of 80W90 every two years. The best oil for the Patriot Garden unit is 85W90. Recommended composition for Zubr reducer. TAP-15.

A few words about the timing of the replacement. In the Favorit gearbox, the first replacement is made after 25 hours of operation. Thereafter, it is changed every 250 hours. Replacement takes place better on a hot engine. The hot mining is drained through the oil drain, and fresh is poured through the opening for the inlet.

In the Celina device, the contents of the gearbox are changed for the first time after 50 hours of operation, then every 200 hours. Ugra and Oka are replenished daily with a small amount. Complete replacement is done after 100 hours of operation.

Can motor oil be poured into a uniaxial tractor?

This question is very relevant, especially among novice farmers. Many of them use automotive engine oil, considering that there is absolutely no difference between it and the composition for filling the motor-block motor.

In fact, using car oil is a big mistake. The fact is that such a tool does not have the characteristics that are needed for the proper operation of the walk-behind tractor. This results in accelerated wear of the cylinders and the piston group of the motor, which leads to a breakdown of the walk-behind tractor and the need to completely replace its engine.

To prevent this, you should use a specialized motor oil for a walk-behind tractor, the composition of which fully meets the requirements of an agricultural machine. To fill the motor, you can use 2-stroke or 4-stroke oil. it all depends on the type of engine of the walk-behind tractor.

The manufacturer of the lubricant is also of great importance. formulations from popular brands have proven themselves best in practice: Shell, Mobile, Castrol and Liqui Moly. they work equally well in engines manufactured by BriggsStratton, Subaru and other well-known companies. The third important factor is the seasonality of the engine oil. it depends on this characteristic at what temperatures the composition begins to lose its most important properties. In order not to miscalculate, we advise you to choose an oil for an all-season walk-behind tractor. it does not lose its characteristics at temperatures ranging from 25 to 40 ° C.

Classification of grades of oils

To increase the service life of a gasoline or diesel engine, you need to make the right choice of engine oil. Failure to replace it in a timely manner reduces the service life of the engine. How to choose it, in what quantity, how to pour it into a uniaxial tractor. let’s talk about this in more detail.

The kit of each mini-tractor or walk-behind tractor includes instructions and a product passport. In the instructions, the manufacturer lists the suitable grades of fuel and lubricating fluids that can extend the life of the equipment. The engine oil performs the following functions:

With air cooling, the grease settles on the walls of the hot cylinder. These deposits contaminate engine parts and make lubrication difficult. Therefore, antioxidant additives are present in the lubricant. They clean the cylinder walls from carbon deposits and extend the service life of the walk-behind tractor. Different climatic zones require the use of different oily fluids. They differ in viscosity, composition and purpose.

Oil in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor. how to check and change?

The gearbox is an important element of the walk-behind tractor, the function of which is to transfer torque from the motor to the wheels of the unit by means of a V-belt transmission. Gearbox parts are susceptible to increased wear and therefore require regular lubrication. Let’s make a reservation right away that not all the means available on the market are suitable for this purpose.

The best option for lubricating the gearbox is gear oil. This type of compound is excellent for lubricating moving parts. The second important question is how much lubricant to add to the gearbox. To find out, you will need to perform a number of specific actions:

  • Position the uniaxial tractor carefully so that its wings are parallel to the ground;
  • Take a wire, at least 70 cm long, and bend one of its sides into an arc;
  • Push the wire through the filler hole until it stops, then pull it back.
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Next, look at the wire. If its wet side is 30 cm, then there is no need to add oil to the gearbox. If the lubricant level is lower, then you will need to add as much oil as is required to reach the 30 cm mark on the wire. Fill the lubricating fluid into the gearbox in the following order:

  • Place the single-axle tractor on stands;
  • Find the drain plug under the walk-behind tractor at the bottom of the gearbox. Place a wide container under it and start slowly unscrewing the lid;
  • Wait 10 minutes, during which all oil will drain from the gearbox;
  • Tighten the drain cap to the end, unscrew the filler plug and put a funnel in it;
  • Fill the gearbox with about 2 liters of gear oil;
  • Check the compound level with a wire. if the oil contains less than 30 cm of wire, then add some more material.

In most cases, it is required to change the lubricant in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor at least once every 100 hours of operation of the unit. At the same time, the replacement frequency may differ depending on the recommendations of the motoblock manufacturer. If you use your agricultural machine more than 4 hours a day, it means that you need to change the composition 1 time in 50 hours of operation of the walk-behind tractor.

How to change the oil in a walk-behind tractor

The oil in the cylinders of the walk-behind tractor is changing on a hot engine. This applies to both two-stroke and four-stroke engine operations. The heated waste mixture flows well into the substituted container. The following actions:

  • unscrew the breather plug;
  • drain the used oil;
  • pour fresh;
  • screw in the breather plug;
  • the operation of the unit is checked.

The lubrication in the cylinders of motoblocks of different designs is replaced in the following order:

  • a single-axle gasoline tractor is installed horizontally;
  • using a screwdriver, the plug on the tank is removed;
  • drain mining;
  • the plug is twisted;
  • pour fresh oil into the box;
  • filling hole closes.

You can drain the oil and pour fresh oil in 15-20 minutes. If you replace the used oil with low-quality products, problems will arise that lead to the repair of equipment. This applies to engine lubrication and gearbox oil. Lubricants age and require timely quality replacement. After how many hours you can fill in car oil, it is written in the manufacturer’s instructions. You need to read it so that the purchased expensive unit will provide assistance for a longer period.

Used lubricating fluid is disposed of at special points.

Changing the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor

The working life of the engine of an agricultural unit depends not only on the quality of its components and assembly, but also on how correctly and how often you will change the engine oil. Adhering to the manufacturer’s recommendations, you can extend the life of the unit and save it from typical breakdowns.

To change the lubricant in the walk-behind tractor, it is necessary to preheat the motor of the unit. To change the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor, you need to proceed in the following order:

  • First place the unit in a horizontal position. Holes for filling and draining oil are always located on the left side of the walk-behind tractor engine. The oil remaining inside the motor must be drained through the drain hole, which is closed with a conical threaded plug. If the plug is twisted too tightly, then you can unscrew it with a long screwdriver;
  • Place a wide container with a minimum volume of 2 liters under the drain hole and slowly unscrew the plug. After finally removing it, wait 10 minutes until the lubricant is completely drained from the walk-behind tractor engine;
  • After that, tighten the drain plug and start filling with new engine oil. It is best if you choose 10W40 synthetic or mineral oil as a new formulation. Its volume should be equal to the amount of previously drained oil.
pour, gearbox, walk-behind, tractor

The lubricant in the engine of the walk-behind tractor should be changed at least once every 25-30 hours of operation. If you do not use the unit too often, and all the work takes you about the same amount of time, then you can change the oil once a year. At the same time, remember that if you do not have time to work 30 hours per season, then the oil still needs to be changed, since during the idle time of the walk-behind tractor, the properties of the composition noticeably deteriorate.

If you have just purchased a single-axle tractor, then you need to change the lubricant in its motor after the first 5 hours of operation of the unit. The fact is that after assembling new motoblocks, small debris remaining inside the motor enters the oil, which leads to engine jamming and the appearance of minor breakdowns. In order for the motor of the new unit to be completely cleaned, the oil in it will need to be replaced three more times. 2 times after 5 hours of operation, and the third. after 10 hours.

Device

The gearbox is a special device included in the design of any walk-behind tractor. It is this part that is responsible for converting and transmitting the torque that is generated from mechanical transmissions. In fact, the gearbox drives the single-axle tractor, making it work.

The operational life of the entire walk-behind tractor, as well as its normal functioning, will depend on its quality, as well as on the correct lubrication of its components.

For more information on the reducer, see

Depending on the model of the walk-behind tractor, be it Caiman, Patriot Ural, Patriot, Texas, Foreman or any other, the gearboxes may differ in some design features. Conventionally, gearboxes can be divided into several types:

pour, gearbox, walk-behind, tractor
  • Angle gearboxes. Such units are quite effective, they allow you to dock the engine and transmission.
  • Gear reducers. In this case, the gearbox transmission acts as a kind of intermediary between the engine and the wheelbase of the walk-behind tractor.
  • Reducing gears. These units achieve an increase in power indicators, reducing the total number of revolutions. Such gearboxes are the most preferable because they have an air cooling system in their design, which allows them to work at maximum loads.
  • Reverse gearboxes. The main advantage of such gearboxes is the ability to reverse the walk-behind tractor. However, units equipped with this type of gearbox do not show high performance and speeds.

Regardless of which gearbox is used in the construction of the walk-behind tractor, they all consist of almost the same components:

  • shaft;
  • gearbox housing;
  • flange and its fastening;
  • pulley with V-belt transmission (or chain);
  • ball bearing;
  • asterisks;
  • drain plug;
  • steel washer and nut;
  • input shaft.

These components traditionally form the gear unit itself. How well they are lubricated will affect their performance and service life.

Otherwise, with insufficient lubrication, the parts will wear out a lot, because they come into contact with each other during operation, and the resulting friction negatively affects their surface.

In the engine

The primary oil change in the internal combustion engine occurs after 28-32 hours of operation. The next replacement can be done no more than 2 times a year. in summer and winter, even if the unit has been idle for some time. To start the replacement process itself, it is necessary to prepare special attributes. a funnel and a container for draining the spent liquid.

At the bottom of the engine there is a hole with a cap through which old oil can be drained. In the same place, a container for draining is substituted, the locking cap is unscrewed, and the waste liquid is drained. It is necessary to wait a while for the residues to completely drain out of the engine system. Then the plug is screwed into place, and fresh oil can be poured.

Its quantity must be identical to the merged one. If it is not possible to make a measurement, it is better to look at the technical data sheet of the unit, where the required number is indicated in grams. After new oil has been added to the engine, the level must be checked. To do this, just use a special probe.

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Changing Manual Shift Transmission Fluid On A Ford 2000 Tractor

It is worth noting that in some engines that are sensitive to oil fluids, for example, Subaru or Honda, it is assumed that a certain class of oils is used, that is, SE and higher, but not lower than the SG class.

This instruction is a general guideline for both two-stroke and four-stroke models. specific information on how to change the oil fluid in the walk-behind tractor is best considered in the instructions for a specific unit.

Appointment

When buying a new walk-behind tractor, the kit must contain accompanying documents, in which there are special sections with recommendations for proper care and operation. The names of oils ideally suited to the unit are also indicated there.

First of all, you should understand the basic functions of oil fluids. Liquids do the following:

  • system cooling;
  • getting the smearing effect;
  • cleaning the inside of the engine;
  • seal.

Changing the Transmission Oil in a STANDARD BCS Tractor

During the operation of the walk-behind tractor in an air-cooled engine, the oil liquid begins to burn, respectively, the burnt particles remain on the cylinder. That is why the formation of a smoky exhaust occurs. In addition, resinous deposits are the strongest contaminant for the rest of the walk-behind tractor, due to which the lubrication of parts becomes more difficult.

It is preferable to fill in oil for a walk-behind tractor together with antioxidant fluids, which are a cleaning agent for the inside of the unit.

For the correct choice of oil fluid, it should be remembered that each individual composition is intended for a specific season and climatic temperature.

In simple terms, you cannot use summer oil at temperatures below 5 degrees. this can lead to engine start failure.

  • The summer type of oily liquid is used exclusively during the warm season. Has a high level of viscosity. No letter designation.
  • Winter oils are used during cold weather. They have a low level of viscosity. The letter designation is W, which means “winter” in translation from English. This variety includes oils with the SAE index 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W.
  • A variety of multigrade oils is more popular in the modern world. Their versatility allows you to fill the engine with fluid at any time of the year. It is these lubricants that have a special index in the general classification: 5W-30, 10W-40.

In addition to seasonality, oils are divided according to their composition. They are:

  • mineral;
  • synthetic;
  • semi-synthetic.

In addition, all oils differ in the performance requirements of 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines.

In walk-behind tractors, a 4-stroke air-cooled system is usually used, respectively, and the oil must be 4-stroke. During the winter season, the most preferred option is a transmission engine oil, for example, 0W40.

The price of the issue, of course, is high, but the reaction of the unit lies in its long service life.

How to check the level?

Checking the oil level is carried out according to standard technology, to which every person is accustomed. To do this, a special probe is present in the walk-behind tractor device, which goes deep inside the unit. By removing it from the hole, at the tip of the dipstick, you can see a limit strip, the level of which is equal to the level of the oil. If there is not enough liquid, then it must be topped up. On the other hand, this nuance forces you to check the entire system, since a low level of lubricant indicates that it is leaking somewhere.

Rototiller Gearbox Oil Change

In addition to the standard dipstick, some models of walk-behind tractors have special sensors that automatically show the amount of lubricant present. Even in the process of replacing the oil fluid, it can be used to determine how much the size of the lubricant composition has increased or its lack.

How to change?

Anyone can change the lubricant in the walk-behind tractor, but if there are any doubts, it is better to contact a highly qualified specialist. The procedure for updating with oil liquid in any models of walk-behind tractors does not differ from each other, whether it is an instance of Enifield Titan MK1000 or any other motor from the Nikkey line.

First of all, it should be remembered that the oil changes exclusively on a hot engine, that is, the system must first work for at least 30 minutes. This rule applies not only to four-stroke, but also to two-stroke engines.

Thanks to the above nuance, the warm spent mixture easily flows into the container placed from below. After the used oil is completely gone, you can start the replacement process.

First you need to unscrew the breather plug, drain the remaining used oil and, if necessary, change the additional oil and air filter. Then you need to fill in fresh liquid and return the plug to its place. Pour new oil carefully so that it does not get on other parts of the system, otherwise an unpleasant odor will arise.

Which is better to choose?

As mentioned earlier, there are several types of oils for motoblocks. It is necessary to use the liquid recommended by the manufacturer of the unit. for this, it is enough to carefully study the labeling of the device and read the instructions.

In addition, each separate type of oil is divided into several types according to its chemical composition. In most cases, manufacturers try to manufacture units with the ability to use the most common types of oils. synthetic, mineral, and semi-synthetic, for example, Mannol Molibden Benzin 10W40 or SAE 10W-30.

It is worth noting that this lubricant contains a friction modifier that creates a strong film on the inner surface of the parts. This significantly reduces the wear rate of the walk-behind tractor.

Another marking that should not be forgotten is the designation of the properties of oil exploitation. It also comes in several varieties. For example, category C is used for 4-stroke diesel engines, and category S is used for gasoline.

A certain total can be derived from this data. Given the engine variety, a high level of demand is directed to multigrade oils labeled 5W30 and 5W40. Of anti-corrosion oils, 10W30, 10W40 are popular.

At temperatures above 45 degrees, oils marked 15W40, 20W40 should be used. For winter cold, it is necessary to use oil liquid 0W30, 0W40.

In the gearbox

The gearbox is the most important part, because it is he who is responsible for converting and transmitting torque from the gearbox. Careful care and high-quality oil used for the device significantly extends its life.

To replace the oil composition in the gearbox, it is necessary to perform a number of manipulations.

  • a single-axle tractor must be placed on a hill. best of all on a pit.
  • Then the hole for the disposal of used oil is unscrewed. The stopper plug is usually located on the gearbox itself.
  • After that, a prepared container is substituted for draining the spoiled lubricant.
  • After completely draining, the hole must be tightly closed.
  • When these manipulations are carried out, clean oil must be poured into the gearbox.
  • Then you need to screw the hole plug.

It is worth noting that in some models of gearboxes, for example, in the Efco line, there are through bolts that determine the amount of oil, which can be guided when filling with fluid. In other models, there is a special dipstick by which you can see the total volume of the filled oil composition.

The initial oil change is made after the break-in time has elapsed. For example, for the Energoprom MB-800 model, the running-in time is 10-15 hours, for the LANDER ТСР-820 unit. 8 hours. But the line of “Oka” motoblocks was developed taking into account a running-in of 30 hours. Subsequently, it is enough to drain and fill in new oil every 100-200 hours of full operation.

Oil for a walk-behind tractor: which is better to fill in and how to change?

The purchase of a walk-behind tractor is a rather serious step that you should prepare for in advance. For the long-term operation of the unit, it is necessary to carry out timely preventive work, if necessary, replace parts and, of course, change the oil.

Can I use car oil?

It is strictly forbidden to use machine oil in walk-behind tractors. Unlike a car engine, a walk-behind tractor has certain principles of lubrication and an appropriate temperature regime for operation. In addition, the motors of motoblocks have certain features. These include the material of construction from which it is made, as well as the degree of forcing. In many cases, these nuances are incompatible with the characteristics of automotive oils.