Which Tiller to Choose: Diesel or Gasoline?
Diesel powered units are designed mainly for work on large areas of land. This type of engine is capable of generating high tractive effort by operating at low revs. They are designed for a much larger amount of resources than gasoline.
Therefore, their work can be carried out for much longer without stopping. Do not often let the diesel engine idle, because this leads to its breakdown. Sometimes it is necessary to load the unit at full capacity for 3-4 hours. This will extend the life of the tiller.
The main advantages of a diesel tiller:
- Convenient maintenance and operation, since there are no candles and magneto, and there is also a carburetor, which must be constantly adjusted.
- Maximum ground grip due to heavy weight.
- Cooling is possible either with air or water. Gasoline engines lack this variety.
- The take-off run in fuel consumption can vary from 2 to 5 liters per 100 km, based on the power of the unit.
- Engine operation is ensured by stable rpm due to increased tractive effort.
The price can scare off when buying a diesel tiller. But it is worth considering that it consumes less fuel than gasoline, and diesel is cheaper than gasoline. Such an acquisition pays off over time.
1.1 Classification of oil grades by viscosity
The viscosity grade of engine oil grades is generally classified according to SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers).
High-quality flushing oil MPA. 2
- Summer grades. oils belonging to this category are used in summer, have a high viscosity and without a letter designation. These are: SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
- Winter grades. these oils are used in winter and have a low viscosity. The letter designation of this variety is W (Winter). These include: SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W.
- All-season varieties. The most popular at the present time, as they are used both in summer and winter. They are indicated by a double combination: 5W-30, 10W-40.
In addition to seasonal differences in lubricants, they are divided into two types according to their composition:
|Differences in chemical and physical characteristics of oils of different types for 4-stroke engines|
|Alkaline number, mg||5.5-10||5.10||5.5-10|
|Pour point, ° С||-fifteen||-thirty||-40|
All oils are also divided into lubricants for both 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines. Typically, Tillers are fitted with 4-stroke air-cooled engines. Such engines only need to be filled with 4-stroke oil.
Checking the oil level with a dipstick in the oil filler hole
An air-cooled engine runs more heat than a water-cooled engine under the same operating conditions. Therefore, the filling liquid must have low volatility and high thermal and oxidative stability. Also, modern oils must have environmental safety, i.E. The amount of smoke and toxicity of exhaust gases is controlled.
Since waste is often simply burned in boilers or steam generators, it must NOT contain components that generate toxic compounds when burned. In a motor cultivator, which runs on gasoline, and does not have instructions, it is better to pour 4-stroke oil of the 5W30 or SAE30 brand.
In winter, winter or gear oil, such as 0W40, is preferable. But this quality comes at a price. It is not worth saving on this, because high-quality oil affects less engine wear and its durability.
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2.2 Oil change in Tilleri
There are many different opinions about how often the oil for the tillers should be changed. But in this case, you need to rely on the manufacturer’s instructions. If there is no instruction, you can change the lubricant in a common way.
Changing the oil of the diesel tiller gearbox
The first oil change in the tiller is done after the unit has been running in. The engine and all its components must be run-in at idle speed. Before starting the engine, make sure there is a lubricant in it. When buying a unit, its engine can be generally dry.
After an hour of engine operation, the first grease change is made. The next change is after 5-6 hours of operation. It is recommended to change the oil in the Tilleri every 40 hours of operation, which is much more frequent than in a car. After the winter period, a grease change is mandatory. It doesn’t matter how many hours the tiller has worked, if its grease has become viscous, darkened, or a strong burning smell emanates from it, then it needs to be changed.
Before changing the oil, it is necessary to warm up the tiller. This is necessary in order for the lubricant to become more fluid. The tiller is installed in a horizontal position. The drain plug is unscrewed and the old fluid is removed from the engine crankcase.
After that, it is required to screw back the drain tank plug and fill the lubricant through the filler neck. You can check the oil level to be filled with a dipstick. The level should be between the Minimum and Maximum marks. Then the plug is screwed in completely.
Preparing the tiller for oil change
To fill and check the level of grease in the gear case, place the chiller on a flat surface and clean the gear case around the filler hole. Then loosen the filler bolt. If the level is normal, oil will start to flow from the hole. If this does not happen, unscrew the bolt completely and pour oil into the gearbox until it flows out of the hole.
An important nuance is the Proper condition of the air filter. After all, without an air filter or with a filter, but without the required oil level, you cannot start the engine. To add lubricant, unscrew the nut on the filter cover, pull the filter element out of the sump, add oil to the level of the mark on the oil sump body. Put back the filter element and tighten the nuts.
Based on the above, before buying oil, you need to understand a few fundamental points:
- Decide on the season for using the oil.
- Purchase special additives to enhance the properties of the lubricating fluid.
With the right choice of product, a long service life of the unit is ensured and its performance is improved.
What kind of oil to pour into the tiller stenl
Over time, any citizen who uses a tiller is interested in the question of which oil to pour into the tiller, as well as how to do it. It is worth directing increased attention to this issue, because the service life of the tiller depends on the correct choice.
First you need to read the annotation about the applicable device model. This place indicates which oil to pour into the tiller and in what quantity. These rules should be strictly adhered to. First you need to find out which tiller is better. If you choose a machine that runs on diesel fuel, then you must use diesel oil accordingly. Today, the season is estimated because the summer and winter remedies meet.
It so happens that a person buys a gasoline tiller without annotation.
During operation, the tiller motor is constantly subjected to severe stress.
There is a huge selection of technical characteristics of oils. What kind of oil to pour into the tiller? When choosing you need to find out on viscosity and quality. These two indicators are the main ones. The first step is to choose which tiller is best to use for this type of product, in addition to the climate. Find the answers to all these questions on the motor water label.
- SAE. Its main indicator is resistance to different temperature changes. It is used NOT so much for the summer, but for the winter period. How to find? First you need to look at the number in front of the letter W. The lower its value, the more simply it is adapted to cool temperatures. The smallest value is 0W. If there is such a letter, it means that the oil is created for summer. Than not just the value, the better its quality.
- API. This value describes the operating conditions. There are two types of them: diesel and gasoline. The letter values indicate the quality of the oil, in addition where you need to fill it: gasoline or diesel tiller. Also, its appearance depends on the number of measures. In other words, figure 3.5 is an engine with 2 bars, etc. Some brands are used both for 2 bars and 4, called combined. The next indicator is the letter EC, which stands for energy conservation. The economy of oil is indicated by Roman numerals, the higher they are, the better it is.
- ASEA. Indicates the initial quality of the material. The oil is used Not only for passenger cars, but also for trucks running on diesel fuel. At the end, there is usually a number. If its value is the highest, then the vehicle works in languid criteria.
- CCMC. This indicator is rarely used. He indicated for which types of cars the oil is suitable.
- MIL-L. This indicator is used in military terminology and is divided into two parts. Code 2104. indicates that the tiller is diesel, and 46152 is gasoline.
- GOST 17479.1-85. This is the last trait that indicates the viscosity of the oil. Upon completion, there are different letters and numbers indicating the type of fuel. If they are absent, then the grease is universal.
When purchasing a tiller, it must be remembered that its durable operation depends not only on the replacement of consumables, parts, tightening the necessary nuts, but also on the timely oil change in the tiller.
The durability and performance of the equipment depends on how to choose the right engine oil for tillers. The question arises, which oil to fill in the tiller engine, how to replace it or check the level.
2.3 Oils to be added to the tiller
2.1 Gasoline Tillers
Tillers of this class are ideal for working small areas of land. In a gasoline engine, the fuel is ignited by the spark that is generated from the spark plug. Such tillers are very maneuverable and lightweight.
Gasoline Tiller Forte HSD1G- 105 G
Any gasoline used in modern cars will work for a gasoline engine. They can only work at high speeds. Repairs and maintenance are significantly cheaper than diesel engines.
The main advantages of a gasoline engine:
- It can be turned on in all weather conditions without an electric starter.
- Reduced noise level.
- Significantly less vibration when driving.
The main advantage over a diesel engine is its low cost. They are suitable for small areas (20-30 acres), as they DO NOT withstand heavy loads. The diesel engine will be optimal in all other cases.
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1 Functions of engine oil
Each technique, including tillers, is supplied with a passport and instructions for sale. Manufacturers always recommend in the instructions those types of oil that will allow the equipment to last a long time and NOT a rebellion of salesmen.
You need to know that during the operation of the tiller, engine oil performs 4 functions at once:
Wide range of tiller oils
When the air-cooled chiller engine is running, the lubricant burns and remains on the hot cylinder, resulting in a smoky exhaust. Deposits of resinous substances dramatically affect the contamination of some parts and their lubrication becomes more difficult.
It is recommended to use antioxidant agents with oil, which clean the engine from dirty deposits. Correctly selected oil for tiller according to SAE classification is the key to the durability of the equipment.
For example, when using SAE 10W30 grease at a temperature of 5 ° C and higher, its consumption will be much higher and there will be a high probability of engine breakdown. Summer lubricants are undesirable to pour at air temperatures below 5 ° C. Such use leads to difficult engine starting and damage to the cylinder mirror.
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What kind of oil to pour into the tiller engine
In order for the tiller to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Oil is a key factor in engine performance. What kind of oil to pour into the tiller’s engine let’s try to figure it out on this page of the site.
The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the engine manufacturer’s recommendation for the tiller. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for the tillers and give excerpts from the instructions.
The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. the operating category and the viscosity class.
CLASSIFICATION OF VARIETY OIL
API classification by service category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here
CLASSIFICATION of graded OIL by viscosity
SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here
Winter. with the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W
Summer. no letter designation. Oils meeting these categories are highly viscous and are used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
All-season. at the moment the most widespread are universal oils, which are used both in winter and summer.
Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40
In winter use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous), and in summer use an oil with a higher value (more viscous).
Multi-viscosity grade oil is comprehensively stable under seasonal and temperature changes. For example, SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.
Manufacturer’s Recommended Tiller Engine Oil.
|Tiller engine make||Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||SAE 10W-30. in temperate climates||SAE 5W-30. in cold regions||Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher
(SG, SH or SJ recommended)
|Honda (honda)||SAE 10W-30 is recommended for use at all temperatures.
If you wish to use a seasonal oil, select an oil with a suitable viscosity index Based on the average temperature in your area
|Lifan (Lifan)||SAE-30||SAE-10W-30. all-season|
|Briggs Stratton (Briggs)||Briggs Stratton recommends the use of synthetic oil when operating at temperatures below 0 ° C. If you have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs Stratton 10W-30 non-synthetic oil part number 998208
Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 certification mark, API and API service symbol labeled “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be used at all temperatures. Change of synthetic oil is carried out according to the Usually schedule.
Air-cooled engines heat up faster than car engines.
Using a non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often.
|SF, SG, SH, SJ or above|
(JSC Kaluga engine)
|M63/ 12G1 or M53/ 10G1 GOST 10541-78, oil that meets API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30|
Instruction from OJSC “Red October”
|M10GY, M12GY TU 38.10148-85
M63/ 12G1 or M53/ 10G1 GOST 10541-78,
|Cascade MB-6||Motor oil M-5s / 10G1, M-6s / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use engine oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with the recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)|
Engines of THESE brands are installed on almost all currently produced tillers such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.
Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore, the result of operation in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too much oil can cause serious problems including engine seizure.
Manufacturers recommend NOT to use oil with additives for 2-stroke engines as well, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which will reduce engine life.
Use only SE, SF, SG engine oils for general gasoline engines.
Categories of motor oils for gasoline engines
|SA||For low stress applications where no additives are required|
|SB||For use in the medium stress range. It features low oxidation properties, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.|
|SC||For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967. And NOT equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.|
|SD||For use in gasoline engines manufactured between 1968-1971 equipped with a PCV system. Better than SC category Reduces deposit formation over a wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.|
|SE||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972 Compared to SD category, better resists deposit formation over a wide temperature range, Reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SF||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared to SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, Reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SG||It appeared in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and differs in additional quality improvements.|
|SH||Highest category of motor oils, Introduced since 1992.|
Categories of engine oils for diesel engines
|CA||For low to medium stress applications in engines powered by low sulfur diesel fuels. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.|
|CB||For low to medium mechanical stress applications in engines fueled with high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category additionally Reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CC||For applications with medium to high mechanical stress in uncharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CD||For use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces high temperature deposits and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
We provide information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of tillers and cultivators of the Patriot (Patriot) brand
Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)
Special high quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, tillers, mini tractors and other equipment.
Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before oil change.
Specially formulated to provide oil film stability.
1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;
Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;
The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;
Reduction of noise during engine operation;
Extension of engine life;
Flawless engine cleanliness.
WE RECOMMEND TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL AFTER THE FIRST 5 HOURS OF OPERATION. Change the engine oil ONCE PER SEASON OR AFTER 25 OR 50 operating hours are reached, DEPENDING ON THE TILERRY’S WORKING CONDITIONS.
|Oil 4-stroke semi-synthetic Expert. Special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additives packages allows you to reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
|4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific. A special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additives packages allows you to reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
|Supreme Mineral 4-Stroke Oil. Special high quality performance engine oil for use in modern 4-stroke air and water cooled gasoline and diesel engines.
Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.
Tiller engine oil change intervals
|Briggs Stratton (Briggs)||First 5 hours
– Change oil.
Every 8 hours or daily
– Check oil level.
Every 50 hours or every season
– Change oil.
|Checking Oil Level. Every Use.
Oil change. first month or after 20 hours of operation, thereafter. every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||Checking the level and adding engine oil. every time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark).
Engine oil change: First change after 20 hours of operation;
Subsequently. every 100 operating hours
A few more recommendations from shhodo manufacturers, the use of oil in tiller and cultivator engines:
- Check the oil level, set the engine on a horizontal surface, wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
- When changing the oil Drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
- DO NOT use additives or additives in the oil
- Dispose of used oil in a way that does NOT harm the environment, do not Drain it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.
Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from a Honda engine user manual:
Is it possible to pour automotive engine oil into the tiller?
The difference between internal combustion engines for used in the household tillers and modern cars is:
- The specifics of the factory design;
- Forcing level;
- The material from which the motor components are made.
The use of automotive factory engine oil for continuous lubrication of parts of the tiller’s internal combustion engine gradually leads to an accelerated daily wear of the standard chrome-plated cylinders of the latter, its piston group, as well as to mechanical damage to the carburetor, factory filter elements and rubber fuel pipes.
How much oil is required for a tiller motor?
Before pouring new oil into the tiller yourself. The owner of agricultural machinery must find out how much fluid is already in the internal combustion engine. It is quite possible that at the moment a complete replacement of the existing lubricant is NOT required, and instead of it you can simply top up the missing amount of technical fluid.
To check the content level in the oil tank yourself, you must:
- Unscrew the plug of the standard filler hole provided in the crankcase of the utility tiller;
- Insert the oil dipstick into the factory engine crankcase through the hole provided by the manufacturer, pull it out and check the level of the oil contained;
- There are special marks on the built-in dipstick, as a rule, these are marked “MIN” and “MAX”. After removing the dipstick, you need to look at what mark the oil stain is. It should be located in the middle between these marks. If the fluid level is below the “MIN” mark, then you will need to add grease;
- If there are factory marks on the stylus being used, then the operator will have to navigate the length of the fixture. After measuring the volume of the liquid, its volume should reach the middle of the probe;
- In some cases, the operator may NOT have a probe. In this case, the amount of grease can be checked visually. To do this, you need to look through the filler neck. if the liquid level reaches almost the neck, then the owner does not need to add engine oil for the tiller.
After self-checking the level of the existing lubricant, you need to close the standard filler cap as tightly as possible and make sure that the liquid does NOT leak out.
Where to pour oil into the Tilleri
As indicated in the tiller usage table, the oil should be changed after the first 20 hours of operation or the next year, which is why I decided to change the oil.
If you are in doubt, looking ahead I will say that the oil was black, so it really was worth replacing.
As you know, changing the oil allows the tiller to work longer, but which oil to replace to choose.
In fact, the question is NOT idle.
There is mineral oil.
If the car is filled with mineral oil, the engine must be flushed.
I have semi-synthetic oil poured into my tiller, so I bought a container of 1 liter of semi-synthetic oil.
How to replace
Periodic maintenance of the gearbox and engine provides for timely oil change.
Oil is poured into the cultivator through a special hole; a watering can is required to simplify the procedure.
Do I need to add oil to gasoline for a tiller?
The answer to this common question can be given based on the type of factory engine of the existing tiller. Agricultural units are equipped with 2 or 4-stroke power units. Gasoline for a tiller with a factory 2-stroke engine must be diluted with engine oil, always adhering to the proportion indicated by the manufacturer.
It is important to remember that 2 and 4-stroke internal combustion engines operate on different principles. The combustion of fuel in engines of the first type occurs continuously in 2 strokes. At the same time, branded oil, with which the fuel mixture is prepared. Contains not only lubricating components, but also additives that improve the quality of fuel. In 4-stroke factory engines, oil and refueling fuel for the tiller are always poured separately, into the tanks specially designed by the manufacturer for this.
The tiller needs to be warmed up. this way the oil will merge faster and without residues. Will be more fluid.
2. I muffled the tiller, take a capacity of 0.6-0.7 liters and, by unscrewing the plug, raise the tiller so that the oil will drain out.
We unscrew the plug and Drain the oil and a previously prepared container
Raise the tiller and fill in 0.6 liters of oil.
For an accurate filling, you need to take a measuring container or fill it in from a jar, focusing on the measuring ruler in it. Fill the engine with oil
So, poured oil, you can let the tiller stand, so that the oil glass and get to work.
After transportation, I was recommended to hold the tiller for a day, so that it stood in the assembled state, because I was carrying it in the trunk, disassembled, on its side.
Material taken from the site http://letnijsezon.Ru
Diesel Tiller Engine Oil Change
In suburban areas, tillers and cultivators are often used. Similar designs Are represented by a combination of engine and transmission. Engine maintenance provides for a timely oil change. Its purpose is to reduce the degree of friction between individual elements, as well as to extend cooling. There are several different criteria for choosing a cultivator oil.
For petrol cultivator
Gasoline engines are widespread because they are highly effective when applied. Unlike diesel devices, gasoline ones vibrate less during operation, there are no problems with starting in winter. In such cases, fill in the following oil:
- SA. a similar option can be used at low mechanical stresses, when an additive is NOT required in the composition.
- SB is a substance suitable for use in the medium stress range. The special composition provides a low oxidation state, stable lubricating properties.
- SC. lubricants of this group are suitable for servicing motors that are NOT equipped with a PCV system. This option eliminates the likelihood of the formation of various deposits at high temperatures.
- SD. a product in this category is used for motors equipped with a PCV system. In comparison with the previous version, it copes more effectively with the task of protecting the surface from the formation of deposits.
- SE. used for servicing engines that were produced after 1972. The special composition protects the device from wear and corrosion.
- SF. the substance is used for servicing motors, which were released after 1980. New production technologies have improved the performance of the substance.
- SG. similar oils began to be produced for engines manufactured after 1988. In terms of basic qualities, the product is similar to that which belongs to the SF category, but, at the same time, it differs in additional properties.
- SH is the version of the grease that has been on the market since 1992. This category includes universal lubricants.
The most common cultivator is gasoline, because it is easier to maintain and operate.
In the engine
Changing the oil in the engine is carried out depending on the manufacturer’s instructions. Engine oil changes taking into account the following points:
- The first replacement is carried out after running the engine. It is carried out exclusively at idle, because excessive load can cause wear of the main structural elements.
- Some manufacturers recommend replacement at 40 hour intervals. The lubricant must be replaced after a period of winter operation.
- It is recommended to warm up the tiller before direct replacement. This is required to increase the fluidity of the substance. In this case, the tiller is installed in a horizontal plane. At the bottom of the structure there should be a drain tube, after unscrewing the plug, the old substance is removed.
- After draining the old substance, the plug is screwed back. There is a filler neck in the upper part of the structure, level control is carried out using a dipstick.
After checking the lubricant level, you can tighten the plug and start the engine. The first few minutes need to be run in at idle speed, because it takes time to lubricate all structural elements.
What kind of oil to fill
A large number of different oils are on sale, which can be poured into the gearbox and motor. The main classification is as follows:
- Summer varieties are characterized by high viscosity, intended for use in the summer. High ambient temperatures become a prerequisite for an increase in viscosity, thereby reducing the load.
- Winter varieties are used in winter and have a low viscosity. A negative ambient temperature becomes a prerequisite for an increase in oil viscosity. Manufacturers take this point into account and make the substance less viscous.
- All-season options are considered the most popular. They can be used in any operating conditions of the cultivator, are suitable for four-stroke engines and other options.
Various bases can be used in the manufacture of the substance. On this basis, there are:
- Mineral. This option is much cheaper, but does not cope well with the load.
- Synthetic. A similar substance is produced using modern technology. Therefore, it provides the required level of protection of the motor against wear and overheating.
- Semi-synthetic. A product from this category is cheaper and, at the same time, is considered universal, because added to various devices.
Manufacturers produce options for two-stroke and four-stroke engines. A motor cultivator with the first type of motor is much cheaper, maintenance involves adding a lubricant to the fuel.
Where to fill the transmission oil?
- Where to fill the transmission oil?
- How to fill in transmission oil?
- Can gear oils from different manufacturers be mixed??
- How often to fill in transmission oil?
Change of transmission oil. NOT a less important procedure than a motor procedure, especially for vehicles with a manual gearbox. This consumable is a special compound that creates a protective film that can withstand incredible loads during contact between parts. In addition, transmission oils absorb shock loads on gears and reduce noise and vibration during operation of all transmission mechanisms. Oil is also designed to remove excess heat from surfaces that are in contact with each other, releasing excess energy. Frictional energy is reduced in well-lubricated mechanisms.
How to fill in transmission oil?
We want to say right away that the procedure for replacing the transmission oil should be carried out either on a lift or in a garage pit, and if there are no such options, then you can use jacks. In addition, you must have a syringe for filling in new oil (after all, this will NOT work from a standard container) and a container for draining waste material.
Provided there is a manual gearbox in the car, proceed as follows:
First, you need to drive about 20 km in order for the old oil to warm up enough to achieve the required fluidity level. In this state, it will be much easier to drain the waste material.
DO NOT operate the vehicle for about 15 minutes, no more. Place the car in one of the positions specified above in this section.
Let’s talk about how to fill the automatic transmission with transmission oil. For an automatic transmission, the initial preparations and tools will be similar to a manual gearbox. The differences will begin only after the car is installed above the inspection pit. Disconnect the inlet hose from the radiator connection and lower it into a container with a volume of no more than five liters. Start the engine in neutral. The working fluid will pour out. In this mode, it should work no more than 60 seconds.
After that, unscrew the drain cap and drain the remaining waste material. Screw the cap back on and syringe 5.5 liters of new material into the filler hole on the top of the crankcase. Next, use a syringe to inject two liters of fluid through the supply hose. Start the power unit again and drain the 3.5 liters of transmission oil through the hose.
Stop the engine and pour the same amount of material through the hose again. Carry out the last two operations until 8 liters of fluid are poured out through the inlet hose. At the end, pour the required volume of transmission fluid into the automatic transmission. Remember that transmission oil must be filled only in the amount indicated in the car’s service book, no more, no less.
Can gear oils from different manufacturers be mixed??
The situation with gear oils is in many ways similar to motor oils. And he and the other product is not fully unified. Simply put, lubricants with similar characteristics are actually very different. Therefore, mixing of transmission oils is not recommended by specialists, unless this is an extreme case of force majeure.
Of course, the transmission does NOT endure such extreme temperatures as inside the engine itself, you think. So why NOT topping up a similar product from a second manufacturer instead of completely replacing it? After all, it would seem that there is nothing wrong with that. This is a totally wrong judgment. When oils are mixed, there is a high probability of precipitation in the form of white flakes.
What are the consequences of these experiments? They clog the entire transmission system, especially automatic transmissions and variators. The filters become clogged, as a result of which the entire system can very quickly fail. Is it worth the risk? Of course, there is also the option “maybe it will carry it through.” But it’s not worth playing with fire. Such manipulations represent a kind of lottery, where the correct functioning of the most important transmission unit is at stake.
Transmission lubricants, like motor lubricants, are divided into three types: mineral, synthetic and semi-synthetic. Even experienced motorists are sometimes delusional that when adding synthetic lubricant to mineral lubricant, the output will be a semi-synthetic cocktail, which does not depend on the manufacturer. So it turns out that you can mix absolutely any oils? But this is an absurd statement.
We advise you not to even try to experiment in this way, but rather listen to the experts. Such mixing promotes foaming, and after half a thousand kilometers, precipitation occurs in the form of the same whitish flakes. And when the distance traveled is doubled, the sediment turns into a thickening substance, which clogs all possible holes and the entire system.
In addition to all this, the oil seals can be squeezed out. To get rid of this, you will need to completely remove the unusable composition and thoroughly flush the entire system, and then fill in new material, which is recommended by the manufacturer specifically for the transmission of your car. This information is placed, as a rule, in the service book or on the official website of the company. We kindly ask you not to engage in amateur performances.
So, Let us summarize all of the above. You should NOT mix gear oils from different manufacturers, no matter whoever tells you, because this can adversely affect the further operation of your car’s transmission. Yes, even if such extreme temperature phenomena do NOT occur in the gearbox, as in an internal combustion engine, but on the other hand, there are high-precision mechanics and electronics, which, especially in an automatic gearbox, can be disabled very simply by such a topping-up. But still, mixing gear oils is allowed in emergency cases.
For example, if you are on the way far from the city, and the system is leaking, then in order for the car to drive to the nearest service or to your garage, you can carry out such a procedure. But in order to avoid more serious problems, observe at least the oil labels. Already upon arrival at the place, it will be necessary to completely replace the transmission fluid with the proper one and flush the gearbox.
How often to fill in transmission oil?
If strange sounds occur in the box
During the operational process of the gearbox, drops of moisture and metal particles get into it, breaking off from the gears as a result of their wear. This leads to a loss of quality and function of the box. To prevent further problems Listen to the checkpoint for any strange sounds that have NOT been noticed before. It can be grinding, and buzzing, and an eerie howl.
During diagnostics, the oil became too dark with a characteristic burning smell
To be completely sure, inspect the transmission oil with a dipstick. If it turns black and smells like burning, then an immediate replacement of the transmission lubricant is simply necessary.
Depending on the mileage
The vehicle manufacturer and operating conditions vary when the gear oil is changed. Some experts advise making a replacement after about 40 thousand kilometers, others. 60,000 km. There is also a practice of changing transmission oil even after 13,000 kilometers.
Remember that although the gearbox is a fairly stable car system, changing the oil every 60,000 kilometers will be the best option. Most experienced professionals recommend this. When purchasing a used car, immediately change the oil in it, because there is confidence that the previous owner changed it correctly and regularly.
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Oil change: how to do it right
First, check the oil level by unscrewing the filler plug of the engine crankcase. An important point: there should be an oil trace between the maximum and minimum mark on the dipstick, and if it is absent, moisten it in the middle.
Diesel Tiller Oil
Tiller, like any technical device, requires careful operation and periodic maintenance. Oil is a key factor in ensuring proper engine performance. But you need to figure out the oils, their types, replacement features and possible problems.
What oil is better for pouring into a tiller diesel engine?
Naturally, the most correct recommendation is exactly the option indicated in the operating instructions. You should carefully study the document and follow the described points.
But if the necessary information was not obtained, one should understand the species presented on the market today. According to the classification of the American Petroleum Institute, according to operational categories, diesel engine oils are divided into classes such as:
- API СJ-4. It was created specifically for powerful devices of 10-12 liters. With. Which are constantly exposed to serious stress. The oil is fully compliant with the current NOx and particulate matter regulations for 2007 engines. It should be noted that limits are introduced for CJ-4 oils according to certain indicators: ash content less than 1.0%, sir 0.4%, phosphorus 0.12%;
- API CI-4. This type is relevant for engines with various types of pressurization and injection. It is distinguished by its increased resistance to thermal oxidation and is known for its high despersing properties;
- API CH-4. This oil is used for four-stroke diesel engines. It fully complies with the strictest requirements of American and European manufacturers. Oil is less sensitive to fuel containing more than 0.5% sulfur, which is its significant advantage;
- API CF-2. This option is ideal for tillers with 2-stroke engines operating in severe conditions. The oil contains additives that protect internal engine parts from rapid wear;
- API CA. Suitable for the tiller running on low-sulfur diesel fuel (low and medium voltage, for high mechanical stresses Not suitable). Protects against the formation of harmful deposits;
- API CВ. Ideal for engines running on high sulfur fuels. Significantly reduces the possibility of bearing corrosion;
- API CС. The oil is suitable for turbocharged engines without a supercharger. Withstands high voltages and is a reliable protector for parts.
If you classify the Specified substances by viscosity (SAE), you can display all the features on a special diagram and briefly supplement it with the following information:
- The letter “W” denotes the types of oils that can be used in harsh winter conditions (SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W)
- The absence of a letter designation is accompanied by highly viscous species, which are ideal for the summer (SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60);
- All-season are the most common and versatile, therefore they are indicated by a double combination (5W-30, 10W-40, etc.).
Often, oils for winter and summer are marked with different numerical values, in winter with a lower (higher viscosity), and in summer with a higher one. Oil for diesel tillers with and without air cooling should be selected according to viscosity, because if you make the wrong choice, the lubricant will burn and remain on the cylinder.
The replacement procedure is quite simple:
- First, you should Place the tiller in a horizontal position;
- Then you need to remove the plug on the drain tank (you can use a screwdriver)
- The next step is to patiently drain the entire contents of the tank into a container with a volume of at least 2 liters (the process takes 15-20 minutes) and tighten the cap;
- Now you can very carefully fill in fresh oil up to a certain mark, do not spill it.
An important fact: in recently purchased chillers, with and without air-cooled engines, it is necessary to change the oil after the first 5 hours of operation, then this procedure should be carried out after every 25 hours of operation. Experienced owners of the specified equipment carry out the process before each spring.
For what reasons a diesel tiller takes a lot of oil?
Sometimes situations arise when the tiller’s work does not go as smoothly as desired. Among the reasons for this problem are:
- Malfunction of the PCV system causing oil to be sucked back into the engine. To get rid of the trouble, the PCV valve should be replaced;
- Mechanical problems can also lead to excessive oil absorption. It is necessary to check the compression, because due to its poor performance, the oil may not enter the combustion chamber, but simply “disappear” along with the fuel;
- Preexisting problems with a damaged catalytic converter can also be the cause. It is not excluded that dust and particles of a scattered catalyst got into the combustion chamber and led to mechanical damage to the cylinders. The solution is to replace the cylinders;
- Worn valve seals allow oil to easily seep through the engine, so check them carefully if necessary.
The tiller engine is the “heart” of the device, therefore, the choice of oil and its care should be taken with the utmost seriousness, then the unit will “thank” the caring owner with a long service and a minimum number of malfunctions.