What kind of oil is suitable for lubricating chainsaw chains
Any chainsaw is a complex device that has not only a motor, but also a couple of tanks. One of them is for fuel. Gasoline is poured into it. The second tank is focused on oil use. This product is necessary in order to Lubricate the appliance chain.
How to lubricate the chain?
Subtleties of choice
What kind of oil should I put in my chainsaw to lubricate the chain when the device is actively operating at low temperatures? The choice here is extremely difficult, since the physical properties of the products must be taken into account. Lubricants will NOT make a product diluted in gasoline ideal. This is due to the increase in viscosity and crystallization processes. The main thing is here. Use of the device, which is adapted to work in such conditions. These are the tools that imply the maximum degree of engine warm-up.
Accounting for tool motor operation
What oil to use for a chainsaw, if the calculation is done on the motor? When the number of cycles reaches 8.5 thousand / min, then it is imperative to use a chain lubricator. Those tools, the power of which varies within 11-14 thousand / min, cannot work at all without oils. The presence of this product increases the service life of the device by an average of 10%. That is why experts are sure that the use of the so-called “Zhigulevsk” varieties of oils is excellent for special and household chainsaws.
Experienced Experts Insist that only one fate of the fuel composition should be used for the first two weeks. Otherwise, a chemical reaction is likely to form. Gasoline in such a situation can oxidize, and the oil will completely lose its useful properties. Why are such processes dangerous? They are fraught with:
- Overheating of the motor;
- Clogged parts;
- Failure in the functioning of the CPG.
That is why the product to be poured must be closely monitored.
When choosing the type of lubricant for the tool chain links, it is very important to give preference to the special varieties of the product. It is best to use oil with good viscosity. This consistency perfectly protects the elements of the chainsaw from friction. As a result, the inventory will last for a long time and will NOT upset its owner with constant interruptions in work. If it is difficult to find a special product, then it is recommended to use car oils.
The main criterion for choosing oil for a chainsaw
For most users, the operation of the device is NOT difficult. However, the main question remains the problem of which oil to lubricate the chainsaw chain to use. Choose the right product. Means to extend the trouble-free life of the device.
One of the selection criteria is the consideration of the saw manufacturer. For domestic instruments Druzhba and Ural, oil is excellent, used in conjunction with 76 grade gasoline or a motorcycle composition. The ratio with fuel is calculated according to the 1:25 scheme. That is, it should be poured into the tank no more than 4%.
If we are talking about such high-class foreign models as Stihl and Husqvarna, then it is recommended to use branded oil in conjunction with fuel of 92 or 95 brands. To maintain the chain in working order, such a product is produced directly by the chainsaw brands:
The use of this equipment implies a different ratio. The proportions of consistencies are calculated according to the scheme 1:40. This is only 2.5%. Foreign-made tools are very demanding on the quality of the poured product. Fuel must be cleaned and free from various impurities.
Weather. An important criterion
If it is necessary to choose oil for lubricating the chain of the device, experts recommend taking into account the season. Weather conditions have a significant impact on the use of the tool. It shows that for the summer months the mineral versions are the best option. This type of product tends to crystallize, which is unacceptable for low temperatures. For winter time, oils equipped with special synthetic additives are best suited. Such components reduce the degree of viscosity. At the expense of this tool, the chainsaw can be used up to 40 ° C. As for the semi-synthetic options, they can be poured at moderate temperatures.
Purchase of oil taking into account the manufacturer
Some owners of Ural, Taiga or Druzhba chainsaws, I think that the domestic manufacturer is less demanding on the quality of lubricants, decide to use recycled machine oils. In fact, this is strongly recommended to be avoided. Devices produced by foreign brands Husqvarna and Stihl also respond extremely negatively to the use of low-quality formulations. If, for one reason or another, it is not possible to fill in a high-quality product, it is better to use versions such as:
This is legal.
The photo shows tools that can function at very high temperatures. Such equipment for chain lubrication requires the use of compounds that are enriched with iron additives. They are necessary in order to stabilize the effect of high temperatures on the operation of the device.
What oil is used in a chainsaw?
Experienced experts recommend using one fate of the fuel mixture for two weeks.
The life of a chainsaw is determined by the type of lubricant used when working with inventory. The two-stroke saw and the fuel tank are used in accordance with the annotation. Often, a fuel mixture is made by mixing gasoline and oil, which are combined in a certain ratio. This information must be indicated by the manufacturer in the relevant instructions.
If the inventory is of domestic manufacture, then gasoline of the AI-76 brand is usually used, as well as ordinary motorcycle oil. The proportions in which gasoline and oil are taken are 1/25. If foreign-made chainsaws are used, then the requirements will be different. They are reduced to the use of gasoline with an octane number equal to 95 and 92, at the same time a special oil is used that is suitable for THESE grades of fuel.
Oil and fuel are mixed in a ratio of 1/40. It is suitable to use a metered canister that will greatly simplify the process of making the fuel mixture. The use of foreign-made tools requires an appropriate refueling of motorcycle oils.
It should be borne in mind that certain types of foreign-made lubricants can be used by working with chainsaws, the cycle of which is 8.5 thousand per minute. Basically, a tool with a vibration cycle in the range of 11-14 thousand / min is used. The use of foreign oils in such saws is a prerequisite for reducing the motor resource by an average of 8%. If the chainsaw is operating at full power, then the lubricant is consumed half an hour after it is turned on.
Experienced professionals recommend using one fraction of the fuel mixture for two weeks, because otherwise a chemical reaction occurs. With all this, oil can lose all properties, and gasoline is capable of oxidation. In total, parts are clogged, the motor overheats and the CPG is jammed. The type of oil filled into the instrument must be carefully controlled.
What oil needs to be poured into the chainsaw to lubricate the chain?
Chainsaws, as a rule, have a two-stroke or four-stroke engine and two tanks, one of which is filled with fuel, that is, gasoline, and the second should be filled with oil, which lubricates the saw chain. The volume of the gasoline tank can include 0.3-1.0 liters of the consistency of fuel with oil, and the oil tank has a smaller volume. In fact, 2 times.
Recycled chain oil is not recommended.
Recommendations for the use of Special oils for chainsaws
Chainsaw Centrifugal Clutch.
The saw bar and chain must be lubricated with a special oil, other types of this substance are NOT suitable for this purpose. If applied, the oil pump may fail, as it is self-lubricating for high quality performance. Use waste, including filtered, oil compositions in a chainsaw. Means to disrupt the ability of the tool to high speed.
The chain requires proper storage, which involves immersion in oil. If the saw bar is worn out, no need to put a new chain on it. It is important to have a chain in stock, and it is best to purchase several chains at once. The optimal number of chains in stock is 4 pieces, which allows working with them in turn and periodically sharpening each of them. This ensures a reduced level of wear on each component, i.e. tire, chain and drive sprocket.
Professionals recommend NOT to sharpen the chain, but to correct it with the help of Special tools that allow you to sharpen the chain. Refills are made every 2 or 3 fillings of the fuel mixture into the saw tank.
One intended work with the tool requires the preparation of a certain amount of fuel mixture. At the same time, it is strictly forbidden to work with a chainsaw without oil in the tank. When refueling the saw with fuel, you should immediately provide for its required amount, with which you should lubricate the bar with the chain. The main thing is that its composition is purified, free of impurities, water, sand, debris, etc.
The tanks should be filled at the same time, that is, the oil is poured together with the fuel mixture into different tanks. Take into account the air temperature. If the temperature is below 20 ° C, then it must be diluted with dehydrated kerosene, Considering the ratio of 4: 1, that is, 1 part of kerosene is added to 4 parts. If there is an adjustment for oil supply, it is made maximum.
How to dilute oil in fuel correctly?
Chainsaw position when starting.
Dilute oil in gasoline, observing a certain sequence. Previously, it is poured into a canister or other container, after which a suitable gasoline used in one or another chainsaw is added to the same container. The volume of gasoline should be approximately half of the required amount of fuel.
After thoroughly shaking the mixture and stirring it, add the second part of the prepared fuel there. Pour the mixture into the container of the fuel tank after thoroughly shaking the mixture in the original container. Pour in the mixture carefully, being careful NOT to spill it.
It is not recommended to fill fuel to the very top of the tank. Usually some free space is left on top of the tank. The 0.5 liter fuel tank provides the tool power of 2 kW, i.e. 2.7 hp. Fuel is consumed in the amount of 1.2 l / h, so the fuel mixture can be enough to work for 30-40 minutes with the maximum load on the tool. The more power the chainsaw has, the smaller the volume of its fuel tank.
It is recommended to lubricate the chainsaw chain only with special oils, the quality of which is guaranteed by the manufacturer of the tool itself. Chainsaw manufacturers are engaged in the manufacture of special oils with m of adhesive additives that provide high-quality lubrication of the chain due to the long-term retention of the lubricant on it.
It is better not to save on buying oil, buying cheaper types of oil, but immediately take an adhesive one so that the saw chains and the tool itself do NOT break down. This way, the damage done can be reduced as the cost of the oil pump, chainsaw and tires is significantly less cost after they break.
Among other disadvantages of using oil that is not adhesive, it is possible to highlight its leakage from the tank of an inoperative tool. Due to the inconsistency of the viscosity of the unsuitable lubricant with the standards during the pumping process, it does not come in the amount that is necessary, that is, more or less. As a result, it will be wrong to use oils and fuels in equal amounts.
Conditions for using oils in chainsaws
Synthetic Motor Oil Test Results Table.
Chainsaws operating at high temperatures can function well due to oils equipped with iron additives. Their main property. This is to provide lubrication at an elevated temperature level.
Important! Experienced craftsmen DO NOT recommend using a tool that works for a long time at “idle”.
With this operation of the motor, its running-in is not carried out. The use of a chainsaw with a four-stroke engine with a suitable oil, with its complete combustion, and not associated with Special Requirements.
Solvents in two-stroke oils can be 20%. The result of their use can be negative, since with an increase in temperature, the quality of chain lubrication decreases. If the chainsaw is equipped with a two-stroke engine, then the oil should not be used with the maximum number of additives, as they contribute to an increase in the viscosity.
How to use a chainsaw?
A ratio of the volumes of oil and fuel is used, in which the lubricant will be consumed when lubricating the chain at the same time, namely after 30-45 minutes of time that has been worked out, provided that the chainsaw is fully loaded. If the motor is two-stroke, then it most requires the use of a pre-prepared fuel mixture for lubricating the chain.
Chainsaw electronic ignition circuit.
The specificity of saw operation is determined by seasonality. When a two-stroke motor is operating, its cycle differs from that of a four-stroke engine of the instrument. The use of a mixture of gasoline and oil for lubrication Some structural elements of the chainsaw, such as the piston or shaft, is one of the highlights. Otherwise, an attempt associated with the use of a tool that works only on gasoline, and not on oil, will not lead to a positive result, but only to damage the tool.
You can use a domestic tool with the use of gasoline of the 76 brand simultaneously with oil, the ratio of which to fuel is taken equal to 1/25, that is, in an amount of 4%. If you use a saw model from foreign manufacturers, you will need a brand of 92 gasoline with branded oils.
These oils are created by manufacturers of chainsaws, while the ratio in the required consistency is 2.5%, 1:40. Two-stroke engines can be installed on foreign-made chainsaws, but it must be borne in mind that refined gasoline is required, without any impurities.
Circuit of electronic ignition for a chainsaw.
It is possible to select an oil per motor, the number of cycles of which can reach 8.5 thousand / min. In chainsaws from foreign manufacturers, cycles are provided that can reach power in the range from 11 to 14 thousand / min. The use of these lubricants reduces the presence of the saw motor resource by 7-10%, which boils down to the following: Zhigulevsk oils are suitable for all types of household and special chainsaws.
If the tool is used at low temperatures, then even the correct selection of the constituent lubricants does not bring the quality of the oil mixed with fuel to a positive result, that is, crystallization and an increase in viscosity occur. With all this, the tool must be adapted to the application, taking into account the maximum engine warm-up.
If you follow the recommendations, the chainsaw should be warmed up before use, especially if the storage place was a cold room, which is not heated. This will prevent a negative result if condensation forms in the saw mechanism.
How to remove a chuck from a screwdriver. details
How to make the correct chain lubricant mixture
If you use “native” oil for a chainsaw, then the required proportion is indicated on the package, usually 1:50 to gasoline. When another product is used, then it is better to dilute the mixture 1:40, in other words, it is necessary to divide 1 liter of oil by 40 and add the result obtained to 1 liter of gasoline.
For self-preparation of the mixture, you need to use A-92 and A-95 gasoline, if the octane number is lower, this can lead to engine breakdown. If gasoline has stood in a Canister or other container for a long time, it is considered stale and loses its properties. Chainsaw on poor fuel will NOT be able to work powerfully and efficiently.
Experts advise to choose oil for most chainsaws, which are used in our regions, having API-TB and API-TC classes, designed for two-stroke engines. Do not save on an ingredient, but buy high-quality oils from well-known manufacturers and precisely observe the proportions for preparing the mixture.
If you add more oil to the mixture, it will lead to the formation of deposits in the candles and pistons. Excess gasoline will contribute to the appearance of seizure marks on the pistons and the rapid failure of the chainsaw engine. Before preparing the mixture, you must carefully read the instructions for this model of equipment.
It is not recommended to store ready-made mixtures for a long time, a maximum of 1 month; it cannot be kept open or in the sun. Water or dust trapped in the mixture can damage the carburetor, since the installed filter will NOT be able to completely clean the fuel.
Chainsaw chain oil: which to use and how much to pour
For owners of private houses and summer cottages, a chainsaw is an indispensable technique. With its help, you can quickly and easily perform various tasks. Spraying firewood, building timber structures and trimming old trees. In order for such a technique to serve for a long time and reliably, it is necessary to correctly follow the rules for operating a chainsaw.
One of those rules. Preparation of a fuel mixture for a chain of gasoline-powered tools. How to do it correctly and what should be the composition of the fuel, we will try to find out in our article.
Fuel mixture preparation container
You can use simpler containers, which are always at hand, for example, plastic bottles or glass, but static electricity appears in such objects. Necessarily make sure that dust or moisture, solid particles miss the container, if all proportions are observed, then you need to mix everything well.
When the mixture is finally ready, it can be poured into the tank without carefully developing the fuel and so that it is not completely filled. Depending on the use of the chainsaw, you need to either completely use all the lubricant or drain it into a container and then refill it as needed, but no later than 30 days.
It is good to use various additives recommended by equipment manufacturers so that the fuel is of higher quality. There are a lot of additives on sale and you can choose the right one for your chainsaw.
Chain saw oil
Experts advise using synthetic chainsaw oil, but the price is always higher. The main advantage of this type of lubricant is that during the operation of the equipment, carbon deposits do not form in the cylinder, and this prolongs the service life of the equipment.
If mineral oil was used for 100 working hours, then it is better to continue using it, since carbon deposits could accumulate during operation. The synthetic product has the ability to cleanse and wash away the deposited layer from the walls of the cylinder, and this will lead to equipment damage.
Operation of the chain lubrication system, types of oils
It is necessary to periodically check the oil level in the tank and the operation of the lubrication system. If you look at the rotating chain with an illuminated surface, if there is oil splashing, the system is operating normally and correctly adjusted. If the cutting attachment heats up quickly, this indicates a minimum level of lubricant in the chain, so it can get pinched during operation.
There are a lot of types of oils, they can be different in price, environmentally friendly, sold in containers of different volumes. You can consider several options for products.
- A budget option. Nanotek Standard, you can work with it at temperatures up to 20 ° C, Nanotek Premium up to 30 o C. Also, this category can include a product from Enkor, with a capacity of 1 liter.
- Mineral oils with Bio prefix. Makita Biotop, Stihl Bio Plus.
- Oils Recommended by chainsaw manufacturers. Makita Biotop, Makita, Oregon.
- Fucking large volumes. Enkor oil 3-5 liters, Stihl 5 liters, Oregon 5 and 25 liters.
The main task of creating a mixture for lubricating the chain. Uninterrupted operation of the engine, complete combustion of fuel, so that as a result smoke, carbon deposits or scuffs cannot form. Observance of the necessary proportions, correct operation and high-quality ingredients will help to use the chainsaw for various household tasks as long as possible.
Leading manufacturers of chainsaws produce consumables and lubricants for them, including those specifically for chains and tires. All other things being equal, you should give preference to the products of the manufacturer of the chainsaw itself. But the quality of the best brands is such that the use of lubricants from a second manufacturer will NOT have a negative impact on performance.
The most famous brands are the German company STIHL, the Swedish company Husqvarna and the Japanese company Makita. They provide a fairly wide selection of adhesive oils, among which there are:
- Mineral Stihl ForestPlus is designed to work at temperatures up to 15 ℃. Standard packing. 1 and 5 liters. For long-term work, it has recently been produced in a 20-liter container;
- The highly sustainable Stihl BioPlus is plant-based. Got into the soil, quickly decomposes, and does not pollute it. The working temperature is also up to 15 ℃. Packing. 1 and 3 l
- For low temperatures, the semi-synthetic Stihl SynthPlus is suitable, working usable up to 25 °.
- Eco-friendly, biodegradable Bio and Bio Advanced. It is presented as a universal multigrade oil. Bio Advanced option. Improved oxidation resistance and up to 10% better lubricating properties;
- Makita. Biotop oil;
- Champion adhesive oil.
Of the Russian brands especially for chains there is ZUBR ZMPM-M. There are other, less well-known manufacturers, whose lubricating oil is noticeably lower in price.
What oil should you use
It is widely believed that quality branded chainsaw oil should only be used in the engine’s gasoline-oil mixture. Still the choice of oil for lubrication. It’s a simple matter. Anyone will do, if only it gets to the right place.
But apply lubricant to the chain. Half the battle. It is necessary that it stay on the metal and remain on the lower edge, with which the tree is sawn. For this purpose, substances with increased adhesion are used, that is, the ability to adhere to the surface and adhere to it. Oil with poor adhesion will fly off the rapidly rotating chain, splattering around uselessly. Of course, some part will remain, but it is not known if this will be enough so that during intensive work the circuit does NOT overheat.
Mineral materials that provide chain and bar lubrication at positive temperatures crystallize and thicken in the cold. This will cause the lubrication to be difficult to feed and increase the load on the oil pump. Its service life is shortened and it can fail prematurely. In winter, it is necessary to choose synthetic materials with special additives that provide reliable lubrication in frosts down to 40 ℃. At low frosts and temperatures around zero, use semi-synthetics.
Estimates of the use of different oils for lubricating chainsaw chains boil down to the fact that the wrong choice can increase the engine load by up to 10%. The service life of the chain and guide bar is further reduced.
Due to the fact that recently great importance has been attached to ecology, more and more branded oil products are made on the basis of decomposing substances. But during long-term operation, the consumption of chain lubricant can be measured in liters. And for people who are not indifferent to nature, this will be another reason to choose an environmentally friendly product. If you do not care what your area is sprayed with and what marks remain on the wood after cutting.
Chainsaw chain oil selection rules
All modern chainsaws have a separate oil circuit for lubricating the cutting elements of the chain.
The quality of the saw operation largely depends on their condition and working conditions. Therefore, companies that produce chainsaw accessories create special brands of oils that provide reliable lubrication of the surface.
- What oil should you use
- When and how to fill
- Sprocket lubricant
- Main manufacturers
- How to replace expensive oil
- Oil does not flow to the chain, what are the reasons
When and how to fill
Where to pour chain oil. Clear. There is a separate container for this. In most chainsaws, the size of this container is calculated based on the volume of the saw’s gas tank. When filling both Bachkovo to the eyeballs, they empty at about the same time. Therefore, it is recommended to fill the full volume of the oil tank at the same time as filling the fuel tank. Then you DO NOT have to be distracted by topping up twice.
Before starting work, it is useful to check if oil will flow to the chain. To do this, it is enough to direct the end of the tire onto a flat surface. Some of the grease will fly off the edge of the tire. Droplets on the surface indicate normal system operation.
At high negative temperatures, summer oil thickens and its lubricity deteriorates. Therefore, it is worth using brands designed for winter conditions. If possible, it is worth taking the time to dilute the existing oil to reduce its thickness. It is best to dilute with kerosene in a ratio of 1 to 4.
Some models have an adjustable feed rate in the lubrication system. It is useful for correcting in the event of a change in grease type.
If you run out of oil from one manufacturer, and the same type is available, but from a different company, then their mixing is allowed, provided that they are used immediately. Leaving such a mixture for a long time does not cost.
How to replace expensive oil
The disadvantage of Special Branded Chain Lubricants is their high price. Buying a liter of other expensive oil is not burdensome. And if work is coming, requiring several liters, or even tens of liters. Surely thoughts about saving will arise. The main thing is, when considering options, DO NOT go to extremes. You can save on oil to such an extent that you have to change the chain several times, or even the tire itself or the oil pump.
There are three replacement options. Firstly, you can use specialized products of little-known manufacturers for chain lubrication. But such oils still need to be looked for. In addition, there is a risk of stumbling upon a low-quality product.
Application of oils for automobile engines. They can be used as a temporary replacement, but they cannot boast of high adhesion, so the quality of their work will be clearly worse than Special ones. For this reason, spindle and diesel oils are not recommended. Worst in adhesion.
And I must definitely say about one more option. Working off. This is the name of the oil that has worked out its life in the engine and is drained from it during replacement.
In fact, this is NOT an option at all. Metal particles are always present in mining. And if they, perhaps, will NOT damage the chain itself, then the oil pump and the entire lubrication system. For sure. On the forums on the Internet, you can find a “killer” argument in favor of working off. That the Soviet Druzhba chainsaw did not have chain lubrication at all and worked. So you can pour whatever you want. And so it will do. Well, Stihl will also work with a working off or even with a non-lubricated chain. The question is how long it will work and how many chains will have to be changed during this period.
Caution to those who have a chainsaw within the warranty period. Masters of warranty workshops are able to identify cases of the use of low-quality chain lubrication. Especially when using mining. Repairs under warranty will be denied immediately.
At the end of the chainsaw bar is a driven sprocket that rotates the chain. It also needs to be lubricated periodically. For this, thick materials are used. STIHL multipurpose grease can be used. Domestic lithology-based lubricants are also suitable. There is a special hole on the sprocket lubrication tire. You need to pump grease into it with a grease can or a syringe.
Please note that with frequent toe work, for example, when grooving, the load on the sprocket increases and you need to lubricate it more often.