Which Disc To Cut Slate

Features of slate and its scope

One of the most common materials, due to its low cost, strength and availability, is roofing slate. It is used in the construction of country houses, and in the construction of high-rise city buildings, and other structures, such as compost boxes and greenhouses.

Which Disc To Cut Slate

Hearing the word “slate“, everyone imagines themselves as a material with a wavy profile, which is made on the basis of asbestos cement. Although today there are different options for this coating, which include asbestos, for example, euro slate.

Traditional slate is made from the following components:

  • Portland cement;
  • Asbestos;
  • Water.

There is an opinion that slate is not an environmentally friendly building material, since it releases dust from a particle of asbestos into the air. However, this problem can be easily solved by painting the coating. over, painted slate is stronger than unpainted and has a longer service life.

Asbestos-cement slate can be used to cover roofs with a slope of more than 12 degrees. Distinguish between profiled wavy slate and flat. The latter is often used in the decoration of the walls of structures of various light structures.

Slate cutting methods

When preparing for work with the introduction of such material as asbestos-cement sheets, you need to be prepared for the need to saw it. Therefore, when purchasing slate, first of all, you need to decide how to cut it.

Below are the most common methods for cutting slate in the circles of home craftsmen.

Slate cutting methods

Other slate cutting tools

Slate Cutting Cutter.

You can use an electric jigsaw with reduced speed or the most ordinary hacksaw. In any case, the main criterion for work is accuracy and correct use of force in order to avoid breaking and splitting the letter.

It is very easy to cut flat slate with an ordinary cutter. To do this, you need to lay the sheet on a flat, flat surface and tents the line cut. Then, using a ruler, draw a line along the intended mowing line. After making two or three passes, deepen the line. Then break the letter according to the intended mowing line, after placing a rail under it. Wavy slate can be cut in the same way, when the cut line runs along the wave. With the introduction of a cutter, a slate sheet can be cut in two minutes. over, working with a cutter, you can significantly reduce the amount of asbestos dust in comparison with using an angle grinder.

Slate cutting angle grinder with diamond wheel

Before spraying the slate angle grinder, it is advisable to wet the cut area.

Using this method, it is imperative to resort to means of protecting the eyes and airway. Using diamond discs, you can cut slate in a wide variety of directions, plus it polishes the edges. To solve the problem of dusting, it is recommended to dust the material in the open air, Do not forget that you need to choose a location where the wind would carry the rising dust away from the person.

If you needed to cut the slate in the cold season (in the presence of snow), you can do this: put the letter of the material directly on the snow and the angle grinder is dusting on top of it. This will leave most of the dust in the snow.

Before cutting the slate letter, it is advisable to wet the line of the future cut with water. First, note the line along which the tool will pass. After that, put rags abundantly moistened with water on it. Leave the slate like this and wait two to three hours. As a result of this manipulation, the asbestos cement will get wet and become more elastic than the previous one. Wet slate can be easily cut with an angle grinder, conventional hacksaw or jigsaw. When using any of the named tools, do not press hard on the slate letter, or you may split it.

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How to properly work with slate?

From all of the above, we can conclude that slate is used quite often. It is often used by home craftsmen for a variety of purposes. But it is often difficult to figure out how to trim the slate. This is a very fragile material, besides it is rather difficult to cut it across the fibers.

Layout of slate on the roof.

We must also remember that the slate contains asbestos, which, if inhaled, can cause great harm to health. As a result, it is necessary not only to choose the method of cutting this material, but also to secure the whole process as much as possible. To this end, it is necessary to take measures to reduce the emission of dust and resort to the use of protective equipment: respirator, glasses and gloves.

You can also use the following methods to reduce dust:

Use water. When cutting wet asbestos cement, much less dust is emitted than from dry material. In addition, any type of slate is easier to cut wet, since asbestos cement becomes more elastic.

Correct location. It is best to cut the material in the air, and in order for the dust to be carried away by the wind, you need to stand on the leeward side.

Method number 4. Cut the slate cutter

If you have to cut flat slate right in the room. Forget about power tools, too much dust and noise. Take a good steel cutter and follow these instructions:

  • Step 1. Lay the slate letter on a flat place.
  • Step 2. Attach a ruler, and under it, slide the line cutter.
  • Step 3. Remove the ruler, and start pushing harder on the cutter, deepening and expanding the line.
  • Step 4. Now put a rail or a pipe under the sheet parallel to the cut mowing line, push. And it crushes a lot and is not necessary. Otherwise, the slate will simply split.
  • Step 5. If any piece does NOT come off, tap the cut line with the side of the hammer.

In the absence of second equipment at hand, most often flat slate is sawn with a fine-toothed hacksaw. True, it will have to be sharpened from time to time.

How to cut flat slate at home. Required tools and materials

You will NOT surprise anyone with roofing slate. This is the most common roofing material throughout the vast territory of the countries of the former Soviet Union. However, how and how to cut flat or wave slate. Rather fragile products. For the younger generation, it often remains a mystery. We will try to clarify this issue.

How to cut slate with an angle grinder. What disc is cut

This procedure can be performed using two types of slate discs:

Disc for stone. In this case, NO Significant Efforts will be required. It is important to organize a constant supply of water with a thin stream to the point of contact between the angle grinder and the slate. In this way, the disc is cooled and dust is prevented. The easiest way to do this. Have a helper with a garden hose or cut plastic bottle next to it. When working alone, the water hose is secured in a convenient position for watering. Using an angle grinder and stone disc, it is best to cut along the slate wave. For convenience, before starting work, the letter is marked out and laid on a flat surface. If the cut is made near the edge of the sheet, a wide board is installed under it.

If it is necessary to cut in the direction transverse to the waves, the procedure is divided into two stages. First, an incision is made on the convex ridges. Then, turning the slate over, the procedure is repeated: it turns out that the ridges that were at the bottom are on top. If done correctly, the letter neatly splits in two. At the end of work, the tool should be thoroughly wiped off dust, especially its working part. The fact is that if the asbestos-cement layers become fossilized, it will be very difficult to remove them from the surface of the disc with an angle grinder on the slate. Use a soft dry cloth for cleaning.

Diamond wheel. Using an angle grinder with a diamond wheel, you can cut slate in any direction. For greater efficiency, it is pre-wetted, increasing the elasticity and pliability of the material. In addition, this will significantly reduce the amount of dust generated. If the cutting is carried out in winter, then the slate sheets can simply be laid on top of the snow: in this case, most of the asbestos dust will simply be absorbed into the snow cover.

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We cut with an electric saw and a chisel

This slate is traditionally cut using a chisel and an electric circular saw:

  • We take a ruler, a sharp chisel and make notches on both sides of the future cut.
  • We place the slate on a flat base with a sharp bar or edge so that the mowing line matches.
  • We carefully break the slate.
  • If the slate can’t break. We cut it with an electric circular saw, from time to time we cool it with water.

No dust and noise. How to cut wave slate quietly?

If slate trimming has to be done indoors, where it is important not only to avoid the appearance of dust, but also to do the job as quietly as possible, then in the case of even slate letters, a cutter made of good steel will come in handy. The slate letter is laid on a flat place and a line cutter is held under the ruler. Then, I removed the ruler, the line deepened and expanded, pressed harder on the cutter.

There is little left to do. Place a rail or pipe under the letter, placing them parallel to the cutting line of the cut, and apply slight pressure. If you tried at the previous stage, then there should be no problems here either. The corrugated slate cutter can only be cut along the wave. Filled your hand, you can cut off even very narrow strips of about 10 cm, and mind you, completely dust-free and with minimal noise.

How to cut off the slate if there is only a hammer from the tools? Then a method that belongs to the category of “grandfather’s tricks” will come in handy. Indeed, when there were no grinders and jigsaws, and for using a good hacksaw not for its intended purpose, the grandfather could have an overhead power line to his grandson with a savory slap on the head, the only way was slate cut. Although the word “cut” is somehow wrong to call this method. Rather, they break it. However, they break without dust and unnecessary noise, so the method will always be relevant.

So, you will need NOT any, namely a slate nail. Pre-mark the line of the cut, it is important that it passes along the bottom of the wave. That is, if the line runs along the top, just Flip the sheet over. Holes are punched along the mowing line with a nail. The more often they are located, the better. Then a pipe or wooden block is placed under the letter and gently pressed on the edge of the sheet to break the slate along the mowing line with holes. The evenness of the line depends on the number of holes and the accuracy. Sometimes, in order for the desired piece to come off, it is enough to tap the side of the hammer on the cutting line of the cut.

We cut with a jigsaw

With this tool, you can also cut slate both along and across, but much more forces are required than in the first case. The problem is that, as a rule, jigsaws have a rather low power, and besides, even an expensive saw breaks down very quickly. In this case, you will need a high-carbon steel blade with victorious teeth.

First of all, you need to install the slate on a reliable support. The clearance underneath should allow the saw to move unhindered. Do not place the letter on a base that is too high. It can fall and break.

The cut line is drawn with a pencil and poured over with water. Additionally, still wet rags are placed on the sides. The jigsaw is moved parallel to the curvature of the slate with minimal effort. It is easier to cut along the waves. In the same way, you can cut the sheet using a circular saw or a chainsaw. But it will take some experience.

Cutter

This tool resembles a boot knife. It has a short, triangular, rather thick, blade. A wooden block or metal strip is placed near the mowing line drawn with a pencil. She acts as a guide.

Further, applying maximum effort, it is necessary to cut the surface of the slate. To be sure, this is done several times. Then there is only a break off. An unnecessary piece, pressed the letter to the corner of the table. In the absence of this tool, a regular wallpaper sectional knife will do.

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Angle Grinder

As noted earlier, using this tool greatly simplifies your work. The procedure in this case is as follows:

  • The slate is laid evenly, always on two longitudinal supports;
  • Mark the cutting line with a pencil;
  • Water the surface with water (this will avoid dust)
  • The machine is set at low speed (the circle is used on a stone or diamond)
  • Start cutting from any convenient end.

Basic requirement. Does not put too much pressure on the slate and constantly wet it with water.

See also: How can you cover the roof with corrugated board after slate with your own hands and

How to cut slate with an angle grinder. What disc is cut

This procedure can be performed using two types of slate discs:

Disc for stone.

In this case, NO Significant Efforts will be required. It is important to organize a constant supply of water with a thin stream to the point of contact between the angle grinder and the slate. In this way, the disc is cooled and dust is prevented. The easiest way to do this. Have a helper with a garden hose or cut plastic bottle next to it. When working alone, the water hose is secured in a convenient position for watering. Using an angle grinder and stone disc, it is best to cut along the slate wave. For convenience, before starting work, the letter is marked out and laid on a flat surface. If the cut is made near the edge of the sheet, a wide board is installed under it.

If it is necessary to cut in the direction transverse to the waves, the procedure is divided into two stages. First, an incision is made on the convex ridges. Then, turning the slate over, the procedure is repeated: it turns out that the ridges that were at the bottom are on top. If done correctly, the letter neatly splits in two. At the end of work, the tool should be thoroughly wiped off dust, especially its working part. The fact is that if the asbestos-cement layers become fossilized, it will be very difficult to remove them from the surface of the disc with an angle grinder on the slate. Use a soft dry cloth for cleaning.

Diamond wheel. Using an angle grinder with a diamond wheel, you can cut slate in any direction. For greater efficiency, it is pre-wetted, increasing the elasticity and pliability of the material. In addition, this will significantly reduce the amount of dust generated. If the cutting is carried out in winter, then the slate sheets can simply be laid on top of the snow: in this case, most of the asbestos dust will simply be absorbed into the snow cover.

How to properly work with slate?

Learning to work with slate

Slate is a rather fragile and unsafe material if improperly organized work with it. Therefore, every builder must know how to cut slate., so that the sheet cut is even, so that the material does NOT crumble, and also so that your work does not harm health.

As you know, slate consists of asbestos, which belongs to the class of silicates and, if inhaled, is unsafe for the human body.

In order to protect yourself and others as much as possible when working with slate letters, strictly follow the basic rules:

  • When working, be sure to use personal protective equipment such as respirator, gloves and goggles;
  • Wet material to reduce dust;
  • Position yourself outdoors so that when cutting slate, dust is blown away by the wind.

Slate sheet cutting methods

Using a circular saw to cut slate

They use several methods, depending on what we cut the slate with:

  • Angle grinder with stone disc,
  • Angle grinder with diamond disc,
  • Cutting machine,
  • Jigsaw,
  • Hacksaw, cutter, slate nail.
  • Let’s consider each of the letter slicing methods in more detail.

For this we use ordinary water.

We wet the rags with water, put them on the intended line, along which the slate will be cut, and leave them for a couple of hours. The material has become softer, but you still need to be careful when pressing on it to avoid splitting. An angle grinder, jigsaw or ordinary hacksaw is used to cut wet slate.