Varieties of power plants
Initially, these cars were equipped with units from the Zavolzhsky Motor Plant. All of them have an in-line arrangement of cylinders. From 1994 to 2003, the engine (carburetor) was installed on the GAZelle 402. Which is better to choose. we will consider later. With the release of a new generation of “GAZelles” (this is 2003), the line of engines was replenished with one more power unit. This is the ZMZ-406 motor.
This engine with a volume of 2.3 liters develops a power of 145 horsepower. It is a new line of units with a 16-valve timing mechanism. However, the timing mechanism is still driven by a chain. The motor has a carburetor power system, but it has a high torque, which is so important for commercial vehicles. The main advantages are higher resource and power.
Which engine is better on the Gazelle: comparison and photo
When buying commercial vehicles, it is important to pay attention not only to the carrying capacity and other characteristics, but also to the engine. GAZelle is the most popular light commercial vehicle in Russia. This machine has been mass-produced since 1994. During this time, various power plants were installed on it. We will tell you about which engine is better on the GAZelle in our today’s article.
This is a more advanced unit based on the 406th motor. Has a more modern injection injection. With a volume of 2.5 liters, it develops a power of 152 horsepower. Also, the piston group was changed in the design. It feels strongly in overclocking.
What is finalized?
Answering the question about which engine is better to put on “GAZelle”, it is worth considering the technical improvements of this unit. In this motor, minor design changes have been made. So, engineers have modified the head of the block, eliminating the channels of the idle system. The weight of the cylinder head has been reduced by 1.3 kilograms. If an asbestos-free cylinder head gasket was used on the 406th engine, then on the 405th there is a two-layer metal part. It provides better sealing of the cooling system channels, lubrication and gas joints. Thus, the engineers managed to achieve the best sealing of the joints in critical places. By the way, this motor became the first in the lineup, which officially met the requirements of “Euro-3”.
What is the bottom line?
So which engine is best. 402 or 406? GAZelle, equipped with the first engine, picks up speed very poorly and carries heavy loads. Because of this, the motor overheats and consumes oil. What is the best engine on the GAZelle? As for the 406, it is an excellent alternative between the 402 and 405. The cost of “GAZelles” with this engine is an order of magnitude lower than with an injection unit. At the same time, the 406th engine has a modern 16-valve timing mechanism and a huge potential for tuning. If desired, it can be forced by replacing the piston group with the Ulyanovsk one. The main drawback of this motor is the carburetor. Now there are very few specialists involved in setting them up. But the carburetor requires constant maintenance and adjustment.
So, we found out which engine is better on the “GAZelle”.
Which engine is better for Gazelle?
GAZelle is one of the most popular vehicles in Russia for light-duty trucks. Indeed, most of the cargo transportation carried out over relatively short distances (often we are talking about intercity logistics) is carried out on these vehicles. However, any gazelist will confirm that the Russian power plant (engine on the Gazelle) is technically imperfect (and this is also, to put it mildly). The fact is that in commercial trucking, breakdown directly affects profit. In other words, the technical serviceability of transport has the highest priority.
The CHRYSLER 2.4L DOHC engine has been installed on Russian GAZelles for a fairly long period of time. Unfortunately, new modifications of the aforementioned truck are already being produced on other power plants. According to the recognition of a huge number of GAZelle owners: CHRYSLER 2.4L DOCH is the best existing engine for today. The difficulty lies only in finding spare parts. However, Chrysler parts can always be purchased online at affordable prices.
Technical advantages of CHRYSLER 2.4L DOHC
Those in the aforementioned power plant are present in large numbers:
- high degree of reliability (in comparison with ZMZ 406);
- the engine does not lose oil throughout its entire service life;
- the motor does not create problems during cold start (which is especially important for Russia);
- works much quieter than ZMZ 406;
- the frequency of internal combustion engine maintenance is reduced (you will have to put the car at the service station three times less often).
Indeed, the engine from Chrysler cannot be compared with the ZMZ 406 in any technical way. It is enough to use this power plant to get an actually guaranteed mileage of 300,000 km.
At the same time, the driver is only required to control the level of technical fluids and carry out their timely replacement.
CHRYSLER 2.4L DOHC tested not only on gazelles
Note that not only in Russia, the above engine is very popular. Until now, CHRYSLER 2.4L DOHC is installed on Dodge Stratus, Jeep (Liberty and Wrangler), Chrysler (Voyager and Sebring) and Plymouth Breeze and many other cars.
On each model, he showed himself exclusively from the best side. In fact, the incredible reliability of the power plant is very simple to explain. Chrysler engineers managed to significantly reduce damaging vibrations during engine operation.
In view of this, the wear of the main engine parts has naturally decreased.
The video provides an alternative opinion regarding attractive power plants for the GAZelle and other commercial vehicles operated in Russia:
The Japanese SUV Mitsubishi Pajero Sport Generation 2 is an interesting option when choosing a car on the used market. All pluses.
Postscript fuck android, tired of writing ‘!
The main complaints of Mitsubishi Pajero owners from 2006-2011 release
- Motorists note that imperfect sound insulation is annoying. The rattling of doors and panels, the engine noise is heard in the cabin. The sore is most noticeable at 40 km per hour. Glasses are too thin for winter. Advice. when buying, immediately take up additional Shumka.
- The driver and passenger seats are a bit cramped. although it all depends on the size.
- Front door armrest too small.
- Sometimes diesel detonation is noted for 2000. Perhaps it is better to opt for gasoline.
- Unpleasant, cheap sound when closing the front doors. can be corrected with a second seal.
- There is no steering wheel adjustment for reach.
- Marking a rigid suspension with a minus or plus depends on preference. But the car is stable on the track and when driving in the mountains will not rock anyone. If a faint knock is heard from the front. most likely, replacement of the stabilizer bushings is required. It is inexpensive, but enough for about 40 km. Sour bolts can sometimes cause expensive repairs. Therefore, it is necessary to occasionally unscrew and lubricate them.
- The official Pajero 4 is pricey, but you can stay on the Arab.
- There is often a complaint about a “jamb” with foglights. They sweat and fail very quickly.
- For total comfort, there is not enough memory for installing the seat and mirrors.
- If the doors are closed, you won’t fit into the door s.
- Many complaints about climate control.
- On some cars, the hand brake pads strum.
- In particularly cold winters, when it is freezing. 30, there may be problems with the plant.
- The Pajero 4 is a bit dull. Of course, it is not intended for racing, but with sharp acceleration (during overtaking), it will deliver an unpleasant couple of seconds.
- The fuel tank starts to rot rather quickly. Dirt accumulates between the guard and the tank, speeding up the process.
Knowing the sore spots of the 4th generation Mitsubishi Pajero, you can prevent serious problems. In addition, it does not mean at all that such breakdowns will affect your SUV. As they say, knowledgeable means armed. Pajero is not even new. pretty unpretentious and reliable car! The disadvantages of Pajero Sport have already been described.
Dear car owners, we ask you to leave your comments and opinions on this SUV below.
Which engine is better for Mitsubishi Pajero?
Behind the scenes
” transport, good and different!”. this is how you can title the presentation of the updated Pajero. In the morning, all the journalists were put on a typical American school bus and taken to the suburbs. Poor children who are driven on such machines with the most severe rear suspension! Later, in small groups, we were transported to the Sychevsky quarry on four-seater Robinson helicopters. (One of these, it seems, fell at a recent air show in Voronezh.) And only then did the hands feel the long-awaited coolness of the car steering wheel.
Clear! DIESEL or PETROL ?! Tried to. Mitsubishi Pajero SPORT 2018
Let ROSES and GRAMS decide they really are better! Which Mitsubishi Pajero Sport to choose? subscribe to.
How To Pick The Right Size Motor For Homemade / DIY Projects: A Beginners Guide #085
Weaknesses and main disadvantages of the Mitsubishi Pajero 4
Every car enthusiast understands that Pajero is a car for men. Its frame, integrated into the body, however, the center differential lock and the downshift, clearly insist on the above. Nevertheless, for daily use in the city and long trips, it is quite comfortable. Those wishing to purchase this handsome man. of course, they will think about the cost of operating the vehicle and the intricacies of maintenance. By purchasing a car in good condition and taking proper care of it, you will be able to drive for a long time, without any problems.
|Body type||station wagon|
|Number of doors / seats||5/5|
|Front / rear track, mm||1570/1570|
|Curb weight, kg||2315|
|Full weight, kg||2910|
|Trunk volume, l|
|Number and arrangement of cylinders||4, in a row|
|Number of valves||16|
|Working volume, cm³||3200|
|Max. power, hp / rpm||200/3800|
|Max. torque, Nm / rpm||441/2000|
|Drive unit||plug-in full|
|Front suspension||independent, spring, double wishbone|
|Rear suspension||independent, spring, multi-link|
|Front brakes||disc ventilated|
|Rear brakes||ventilated disc|
|Ground clearance, mm||225|
|Maximum speed, km / h||185|
|Acceleration time from 0 to 100 km / h, s||11.1|
|Fuel consumption, l / 100 km|
|– urban cycle||11.4|
|– extra-urban cycle||8.0|
|– mixed cycle||9.3|
|Fuel tank capacity, l||88|
We clarify how long we still need to drive Mitsubishi Pajero IV
Since 2006, over 27.5 thousand Mitsubishi Pajero IV SUVs have been purchased in Russia. In the first half of the year, our hero was only slightly overtaken by the newcomer Toyota Highlander (5566 units against 5455).
Pajero again? It has been studied up and down. But in the Sychevsky sand pit, another update is waiting for us. Well, it would have been serious, but no: it was limited to light retouching. The front bumper was replaced, slots in the false radiator grille were added, wheels of a new design were installed, and the illumination of the dials on the dashboard turned white. Even if you don’t need a microscope to notice all this, how long will it go on like this? Will we see a completely new car? And when?
The Japanese have everything according to plan. This machine should last nine years on the assembly line, that is, until 2014. It was the same with the models of the first generations. And then the journalists can grumble as much as they like, but customers, apparently, are happy with Pajero in its current form. Last year, a customer survey was conducted in Russia: what, they say, should be improved in the car? The overwhelming majority of respondents said that they were satisfied with everything. The most important thing has already been done: after the return of the three-liter V6 petrol engine in the fall of 2010, sales have grown exponentially. If in the first six months 1287 cars were sold, then for the same period already 5455. An increase of 324% and the fourth place in the segment!
The ground clearance of diesel versions is 10 mm less, but 225 mm is also quite a decent clearance. The angle of entry is 41 °, exit is 29 °, ramps are 26 °.
Okay, we’re happy for old Pajero and his satisfied customers. And what should we write about? In response, a loud tractor rumble is heard from under the hood. about a diesel engine. The five-door Pajero with the “four” 3.2 modernized in 2009 has not been in our hands yet. We are familiar with the “six” 3.8 and with the joker in the form of an archaic V6 3.0 engine running on gasoline Now let’s ride on heavy fuel.
Finishing materials have not changed. they are already solid. Appliances from blue turned white. We also note that in all trim levels, except for the basic one, the multimedia center is equipped with a Rear-view camera with a picture display on the interior mirror, which are equipped with cars in the middle Instyle version. The image quality is poor, but the situation aft is clearly visible.
Off-road, the turbodiesel is good. Torque of 441 Nm, available since 2000, is transmitted through the ingenious Super Select AWD III transmission, which allows you to work wonders. You should have seen how easily Pajero rips open sand slides, on which a terrifying track has already been rolled! And a slightly smeared response to the fuel supply here is in the very suit. you can move moderately smoothly, carefully dosing the traction and not being afraid to bury yourself. In general, on most obstacles in the career, you can get by with the 4H mode, when the thrust, divided along the axes in the ratio, is controlled by the viscous coupling and the electronic system. There is no need to resort to a rigid differential lock or to include a downshift. over, lock the rear axle differential. If only for fun.
According to the passport, the Pajero IV with a turbodiesel consumes no more than 9.3 km of fuel in the combined cycle. At the end of our test drive, the onboard computer showed 13.6 liters. But most of the time we spent on the sandy range, and the highway section at a speed of about 110 was not enough to significantly compensate for the losses. By the way, the “four” is relatively quiet and transmits a minimum of vibrations to the controls.
Unfortunately, a hundred-kilometer stretch of regional highways does not abound with such vivid emotions. Despite the improved injection system and a new turbocharger with variable geometry of the working end, it feels like the diesel is already old. It provides good dynamics only up to 100. As if he had not been warned that he would have to drag 2315 kg. The damping of the gas pedal is no longer a topic. The car only responds adequately to a balanced ride. To wake up the five-speed “automatic”, you need to push the accelerator for more than half a stroke.
Worst of all, when there is a “washboard” under the wheels, the shaking in the cabin is furious. It’s good that the suspension is quiet. Only periodic “sighs” of damping elements are heard.
The SUV stands firmly on an arc and walks in a straight line, like on rails. But the steering wheel is light and uninformative. You drive along a winding road, figuratively speaking, blindfolded. But you can succumb to Pajero’s hypnosis and let him isolate you from the hustle and bustle of management. The chairs are comfortable, there is a sea of space around, plus decent soundproofing. It is not clear only why it is so tough? With such rolls and noticeable buildup, it should be soft. However, the chassis ignores only very small flaws of the road workers, and medium and large defects in the canvas are cast to passengers with dense boxing punches and shaking.
Excellent visibility and elasticity of the volumetric diesel “four” help in city traffic. The brakes are not bad: deceleration is easy to control thanks to the minimum pedal free travel. But one feels that the mechanisms are working at the limit of their capabilities. a heavy machine.
After all, the asphalt for the owner of Mitsubishi Pajero is just a part of the route, which must be safely overcome on the road to freedom. But off-road, by the way, the situation with comfort is similar. do not expect tenderness. Male car. Pajero is one of the few SUVs of our time that is able to show a person the beauty of nature untouched by civilization. Ironically, for this you have to endure the slightly uncivilized nature of the “Japanese”. But the do not wake up the notorious toad: from 1,449,000 to 2,069,000 rubles. it’s a little over a nearly five-meter car with a solid self and sturdy construction. Which again explains the high loyalty
The fifth cylinder in P5, as well as the fourth in P4, the sixth in P6, the third and sixth in V6, is subject to greater wear due to the structural distance from the pump, i.e. because of the worst cooling compared to the rest. The outer cylinders in almost any engine experience high thermal loads and may have worse performance.
When choosing a car, in addition to the brand and model, we look at the engine. its volume, fuel, design and location. Some are quite satisfied with the inline “four”, others need only a six-cylinder engine, and the third only need a boxer engine. Which motor is better: in-line, V-shaped or boxer? Let’s try to figure it out.
Advantages and disadvantages of diesel engines
Diesels are engines in which the ignition of a mixture of fuel and air occurs from an increase in its temperature during compression. Compared to gasoline engines, these engines have better efficiency (by 15-20%) due to a larger (two or more times) compression ratio, which improves the combustion of the fuel-air mixture. The advantage of diesel engines is the absence of a throttle valve, which creates resistance to air movement at the intake and increases fuel consumption. Diesel engines develop maximum torque at a lower crankshaft speed (in common use. traction at the bottom).
Diesel engines of outdated designs had a number of disadvantages compared to gasoline engines:
– greater mass and cost with the same power due to the high compression ratio (1.5-2 times more), which increased the pressure in the cylinders and the load on the parts, which forced the manufacture of more durable engine elements, increasing their dimensions and weight;
– more noisy due to the peculiarities of the fuel combustion process in the cylinders;
– lower maximum crankshaft revolutions due to the higher mass of parts, which caused large inertial loads. For the same reason, diesel engines, as a rule, are less responsive. they gain momentum more slowly.
Modern diesel engines are practically not inferior in design and characteristics to gasoline engines.
In fact, the life of a diesel engine is no less than that of a gasoline engine. A less severe thermal regime gives a diesel engine a significant advantage in terms of durability, and a lower operating speed range reduces wear in rubbing parts. Diesel is less critical to fuel composition than a gasoline engine. But you need to fill it in in accordance with the season. The requirements for the operation of a diesel engine are no more difficult than for a gasoline engine. to fill in high-quality oil and fuel, as well as to service it on time.
Most of the failures of diesel engines are associated not with their design features, but with non-observance of the simplest operating rules. It is recommended to change the oil after 7,500 km, regardless of the frequency indicated in the instructions. The timing belt and injection pump must be changed at least after 60 thousand km. It is also necessary to closely monitor the fuel system, for example, periodically drain the sludge from the fuel filter by unscrewing the drain nut. It is recommended to flush the fuel tank twice a year: in spring and autumn. When operating a diesel car, it is important to remember that its engine does not like high revs. Long journeys at maximum speed are another way to bring a major overhaul closer.
Advantages and disadvantages of boxer engines
The boxer engine has a low height, low center of gravity, ideal primary balancing, since the movement of one part is compensated by the movement of the opposite one. However, boxers are structurally quite complex, take up a lot of space in width, and repairing such a motor is an expensive operation.
Which engine is better?
MYTH: “Five-cylinder motors are unreliable due to a weak 5th cylinder
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- Recent Entries
What is the best engine size? What does the engine size affect??
Novice car enthusiasts are often interested. what does the engine size affect, and which engine size is better? First of all, if we consider the technical part, then its power and torque depend on the volume of the motor. Therefore, if you need to get more engine power, then the volume is increased. In addition, the larger the engine displacement, the greater the fuel consumption. Which engine is better, gasoline or diesel read here. Motors with a volume of up to 8 liters are sometimes installed on cars.
What is the best engine size
Engine displacement is measured in liters or cubic centimeters. Let’s take a closer look at what the volume of a car’s engine affects when operating it in normal everyday conditions. City cars usually have a small engine volume, usually 1.2. 1.6 liters, since for them the highest priority is not power, but fuel consumption.
What does the engine size affect?
There is also a large number of cars with an engine capacity of 0.8. 1.0 liters. An example is a popular car in the CIS countries. Daewoo Matiz (Daewoo Matiz). Such a car belongs to class A (subcompact). These cars have low power and are suitable for driving mainly in the city. If you turn on the air conditioner on such cars, which takes 10-20% of the engine power, then such an engine will significantly lose its acceleration dynamics. Then, for normal acceleration, such an engine has to spin up to 4000. 5000 rpm, and this is fraught with increased fuel consumption and engine wear. But even at such speeds, fuel consumption will be less than that of engines with a volume of 1.4. 1.6 liters.
I want to note that the fuel consumption on the highway at an average speed of 80. 90 km / h, both for a car with a small volume and for a car with a large volume, will be the same. Even in some cases, for a car with a volume of 0.8. 1.0, the flow rate may be higher.
What does the engine size affect?
Table Saw Motor Test
The average fuel consumption in the combined cycle (highway. city), for engines with a volume of 0.8. 1.0 liter, is, according to the manufacturer’s data, an average of 5.6 liters per 100 km of driving. With a volume of 126.96.36.199, the average consumption is 6. 7 liters. Volume 3. 5 liters 12. 18 liters. These are approximate figures for new and modern motors.
An alternative solution between high power and low fuel consumption is a turbocharged or mechanically supercharged engine. With their help, you can significantly increase the engine power, on average by 30-50%, and at the same time, the fuel consumption does not increase significantly. For example, the average power of a naturally aspirated (conventional) 1.4-liter engine is 75. 100 horsepower, and if turbocharged is installed on it, its power rises to 150.170 hp. from.