Which Hammer Drill To Choose For Home

How to choose a hammer drill for home How to choose a hammer drill for home

How to choose a hammer drill for home

Hammer drill. A device equipped with a percussion mechanism. It is designed for drilling holes in hard materials such as concrete, brick wall, metal.

There are several main characteristics of this device.

  • Impact energy (J). This characteristic determines the diameter of the holes that the tool can drill. For household needs, it is better to take a device with parameters up to 2 J.
  • Spindle speed (revolutions / minute). On average, this figure is 500. 1500, but sometimes 4000. 5000 rpm.
  • Impact frequency or number of piston strokes per minute. The drilling speed depends on this characteristic.

The weight of the tool directly depends on its power. According to this indicator, performers are divided into:

  • Lungs. Up to 3 kg, power up to 800 W, impact energy up to 3 J;
  • Average. Up to 5 kg, power up to 1000 W, impact energy 3. 10 J;
  • Heavy. than 5 kg, power more than 1000 W, impact energy from 10.30 J.

For a home, a light model would be a good choice of a hammer drill, since its characteristics are sufficient for domestic needs. Such a tool will be optimal in terms of price, weight and dimensions. If you have more complex work ahead, you can choose the average weight of the device.

Review of hammer drills for home. What to look for

The key difference between household and industrial tools is the uptime. The home punch needs a break due to the lack of overheating protection. 20 minutes of work should be followed by 20 minutes of rest. This does not mean that a household tool has a simple structure. Which hammer drill is chosen for homework? This is a tool that has lightness, compactness, versatility, affordability, design reliability and electronic filling.

Generally, home rotary hammers have a horizontal motor and SDS Plus chuck. This design provides compactness and ease of use.

Depending on the number of modes, the devices are divided into:

  • Single-mode, which can only drill;
  • Drilling with and without impact is available to dual-mode devices. Make holes in brick and concrete walls up to 1 cm thick;
  • Three-mode. The most demanded. In addition to the previous ones, the chiseling function is available to them. Such a device can be chased and dismantled, but only in small volumes.

The BOSCH brand is represented by 9 items of tools. A good choice for home use. Perforators with power from 650.800 W and weighing up to 3 kg. Perforators from the German manufacturer are equipped with a safety clutch, rotation and impact blockers, a rotary brush holder, a hinged cable mount, soft pads for handles, and a convenient chuck. They are compact, lightweight, reliable and powerful.

ESCO company provides warranty and post-warranty service in its service centers in Kiev, Odessa and Dnipro.

What is the difference between a drill and a hammer drill and vice versa

The hammer drill is characterized by a longitudinal axial movement of the working part, similar to an impact drill. Therefore, hammer drills are confused with a heavy drill. In words, there is practically no difference, however, the hammer drill functions on the basis of pneumatics, and any impact (heavy) drill works thanks to mechanics.

Hence the difference in surface speed. Pneumatic drilling of holes in concrete, brick and stone walls reduces physical stress on the user. For any hammer drill, similar work is associated with great fatigue, and the hammer drilling mode wears out the internal components of the drill very quickly.

We come to the conclusion that the hammer drill should be larger and more massive than a drill with an impact function.

Punch device and characteristics

All punchers are divided into three types in terms of functionality:

  1. Single-mode. Impact drilling function only. Most often, such perforators are not used in everyday life, but are used as professional additional equipment for narrow purposes.
  2. Dual mode. Hammer drilling plus classic drilling or chiseling only.
  3. Three-mode. The tool is equipped with all the functions specified in paragraphs 1 and 2.
which hammer drill to choose for home

The choice of a hammer drill is based primarily on the characteristics of power and impact force. The higher these indicators, the better the hammer to be fitted.

Types of working chuck for rock drill:

  • Usual;
  • Quick-clamping.

Which drill chuck to choose? For household or household chores, the keyless quick-release model is best suited. Changing the nozzle in this version is convenient, easy and quick.

Rock drill classification by weight:

  1. Lungs. Up to 4 kilograms. Power is no more than 700 watts. Only available with SDS-plus chuck for 26 mm drill bits.
  2. Average. 4 to 8 kilograms. Power from 700 to 1500 watts. Depending on the equipment, both SDS-plus and SDS-max are equipped.
  3. Heavy. than 8 kilograms. Power is over 1500 watts. Equipped only with SDS-max chuck for diameter up to 60 mm.
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How to choose a hammer drill for personal use?

Choosing the right drilling tool means making home repairs easier for a long time. How can you successfully choose a puncher in order not to overpay for the brand and get high-quality equipment?

Several decades ago, only powerful electric drills equipped with drills for metal and concrete were used in everyday life. A truly branded, specialized tool was sold only abroad; it was impossible to just go to a construction supermarket and choose a suitable device.

Impact drill or hammer drill: what to choose

Much more often, in carrying out construction work, preference is given to a perforator rather than a drill. Why is this happening? After all, the drill has great power and at the same time its weight is several times less. In addition, drill consumables are much cheaper and can be purchased without any problems on the Internet or on the radio market. Then why is it better to choose a hammer drill for the home, rather than a drill?

Note that the drill allows drilling without hammering. However, a blow in a drill is also possible, but this function is auxiliary. At the same time, before choosing a hammer drill for the job, you must understand that its main function is hammer drilling. In a drill, the percussion mechanism is presented in the form of a conventional "ratchet", but in a device with more power, everything is not so simple. After all, the device has both electro-pneumatic and electromechanical principle of impact. In this case, the second option bypasses the drill significantly.

However, don’t underestimate the power of the drill. It is important to understand that this power tool is suited for slightly different uses. If you do not know how to choose a drill with a hammer drill for your home and what to look for when buying, it is worth considering the main advantages of these construction tools.

Which hammer drill to choose for home

The hammer drill is a very popular power tool in our time, which is used to punch holes in hard metals using a percussion tool. The principle of operation of this device is quite simple: the structure of the processed material is destroyed due to the rotational action of the tool. If you need to purchase this tool, then you probably wondered how to choose a hammer drill? Or maybe it’s better to get a drill? Let’s consider everything in order.

What are the punches

In the modern repair and construction market there are many options for electrical devices for construction purposes from different manufacturing companies. How Do I Pick a Good Rotary Hammer? This question is most likely fundamental to you. First, you need to decide on the type of device, because all devices are of two types:

  • Professional;
  • Domestic.

You should not immediately make a choice in favor of the household option if you decide to purchase a hammer drill for your home. Which unit to choose is not an easy question, because it is worth considering all the subtleties of the purchase.

So, both models are different from each other, since they have different degrees of stress. At the same time, both the household and the professional model have many functions. It is worth mentioning here that construction and home repairmen essentially perform the same function, so there is no need to purchase a more expensive model to improve the quality of repairs.

We advise you to evaluate the advantages of household power tools, since you can choose a hammer drill for household work based on its power, ease of use and the number of the most necessary functions for repair. This will be quite enough for high-quality repairs in the house.

What to look for when choosing a device

There are many aspects to consider before choosing a hammer drill for your home. Feedback from friends and acquaintances in this case is not always appropriate, since there may be completely different aspects in your construction work. The hammer drill must be judged solely on its quality characteristics, as well as suitability for use at home.

So, before buying a device, you should pay attention to indicators such as:

  • Power. In modern models of such power tools, it ranges from 450 to 2000 watts. Before choosing the right hammer drill for your home, evaluate the degree of upcoming construction work and, if you decide that the best device for you is a household type, then feel free to purchase a model with a power of 900 W;
  • Device type. Models are horizontal and vertical. In the first case, the electric motor is located parallel to the impact axis, in the second, perpendicular. Horizontal models are more suitable for domestic use, since they are somewhat narrower and longer than vertical ones;
  • Impact strength. This indicator determines the interaction of the device with the working surface. Simply put, the speed of use and its effectiveness depend on it. Here it is worth paying attention to the power, since this indicator will help you to choose the right puncher. For home use, the model with an impact force of up to 4.5 J is optimal;
  • Number of modes. In modern models, there are such modes of operation as drilling, hammer drilling and hammering. The three-mode option is the most optimal for both domestic and professional use;
  • Cartridge type. On modern models, the most common cartridges are SDS and SDS max. For domestic use, the SDS version with 15 mm drills is most suitable;
  • Model weight. The time of work with the tool depends on this indicator. The optimal variant of the model for home use weighs from 2.6 to 3.3 kg.
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When purchasing additional important accessories for the model, pay attention to such a detail as a drill. How to choose a drill for a rock drill in such a way that it is most effective? First, determine the option of the diameter and length of the part you need (they are individual for each device). The shape of the cutting surface is another important feature. The best borax for use are those models that keep evenly in the channel and do not jump to the side.

The best hammer drill models

Those users who have experience in the construction industry are sure to have favorites among modern manufacturers. We tried to single out two main brands that are distinguished by high quality production and are in great demand in the construction market in our country, these are Bosch and Hitachi. Which is better to choose: Bosch or Hitachi? Which hammer drill is the most suitable for home use? In order to answer this question, it is worth considering the functionality of each model.

So what makes Bosch special:

  • The motor power is 780 W, and the impact force is 2.8 J. This is quite enough for interaction with solid materials. Therefore, if you do not know which perforator to choose for concrete, you can safely purchase this model;
  • There are special pads on the handle of the model, which allow you to reduce the force of impact during use and make your work more comfortable;
  • The speed of revolutions reaches 3000 per minute;

The model can be used to create holes for the socket and to prepare any kind of mortar.

Now let’s look at the advantages of Hitachi:

  • The power of the power tool is 1200 W;
  • The frequency of revolutions per minute can be from 120 to 250, depending on the type of construction process;
  • For the convenience and safety of the user, the device has a special safety clutch and aluminum protection of the gearbox, which will remove heat;
  • The maximum diameter of holes that the tool can make is from 45 to 125 mm.

Compare all of the above characteristics before choosing a hammer drill. For concrete as well as interactions with hard metals, both are excellent options.

What are the punches

In the modern repair and construction market there are many options for electrical devices for construction purposes from different manufacturing companies. How Do I Pick a Good Rotary Hammer? This question is most likely fundamental to you. First, you need to decide on the type of device, because all devices are of two types:

  • Professional;
  • Domestic.

You should not immediately make a choice in favor of the household option if you decide to purchase a hammer drill for your home. Which unit to choose is not an easy question, because it is worth considering all the subtleties of the purchase.

So, both models are different from each other, since they have different degrees of stress. At the same time, both the household and the professional model have many functions. It is worth mentioning here that construction and home repairmen essentially perform the same function, so there is no need to purchase a more expensive model to improve the quality of repairs.

We advise you to evaluate the advantages of household power tools, since you can choose a hammer drill for household work based on its power, ease of use and the number of the most necessary functions for repair. This will be quite enough for high-quality repairs in the house.

How to find the right tool for your home

In order to decide which perforator to buy, you need to know its main properties:

  1. Power. The hammer drill is of two types, depending on this indicator: household (up to 900 W) and professional (from 900 W). If you want to make repairs professionally, then it is better to choose a hammer drill with a power of 1.5 thousand watts or more. And if you limit yourself to periodic work, for example, you make 1-2 holes per year, then a 550-600 W perforator will do. It is this characteristic that can most of all say about the limits of the capabilities of this device.
  2. A type. The engine in the inner part can be placed in different ways, and, accordingly, there are two main types of horizontal or vertical rock drills. In the horizontal, the electric motor is located parallel to the impact axis, and in the vertical at right angles. Therefore, in the latter version, the hammer drill is similar to the English letter L. The horizontal version is more convenient to use for a house in narrow openings, since it itself is more elongated. Almost all professional tools are vertical, since this type has a motor cooling mechanism and a higher power.
  3. Impact strength. This characteristic shows how much energy is spent on the interaction of the surface and the tool. Therefore, the efficiency and speed of work depends on it. The force is calculated in joules and is directly proportional to the power. For example, a Bosch PBH 3000-2 FRE rotary hammer with a power of 750 W has an impact force of 2.8 J. It is necessary to take into account what hole diameter you are interested in. The higher the force, the larger the hole is in diameter. For the home, you can choose a device whose impact force will be in the range of 2.6-4.5 J.
  4. The number of modes. The element is also capable of performing the following functions:
  • Drilling. The operation of the tool in this particular mode is practically no different from the operation of an electric drill, that is, these functions are identical for both tools. Using this indicator, it is easy to make holes in soft materials, for example, in wood;
  • Hammer drilling. This mode allows you to make circular and linear movements of the drill. This is how the tool most often works. It makes holes in hard surfaces. A logical question arises: what is the use of a hammer drill when a conventional hammer drill works in the same mode? The answer is simple: the impact type is only suitable for soft surfaces;
  • Hit. This mode is characterized by the absence of rotational movements, which allows the hammer to be used as a jackhammer. Therefore, when you purchase a tool, pay attention to the number of functions and choose the option that includes the modes you need. But it would be better for the home to choose a multifunctional tool.
  1. Chuck type. The chuck is used as a basis for fastening the working attachment (drills, crowns, drill). Today there are two main types of chuck SDS and SDS max. They differ from each other in that they are installed on different types of hammer drills for household and professional. The first option is used with drills up to 15 mm in diameter, and the second from 26 mm.
  2. Rotation and impact speed. This property indicates the number of rotational and translational movements per unit of time. Typically the rotation speed ranges from 230 to 2300 rpm. It should be borne in mind that a household tool (1.5 thousand 2 thousand rpm) has a high rotation speed, and a professional one (230-450 rpm). The impact speed is 2150 5800 bpm. For the home, you can choose a hammer drill with a rotation speed of 1 thousand 1.5 thousand rpm. And the frequency of blows 4 thousand 4.5 thousand beats / min.
  3. Weight. The mass of any tools that a builder works with play no less important role than other characteristics, since this significantly affects the work with him. And the hammer drill is no exception. Its weight can be from 2.2 to 12 kg. This is directly related to properties such as cardinality. An instrument weighing no more than 3 kg is considered light, an average of 3-5 kg, and a heavy one over 5 kg. For the home, you can choose an option with a mass of 2.6-3.3 kg.
Read more:  How To Drill A Hole In Concrete With A Hammer Drill

After we have considered the main characteristics of the instrument, it is time to move on to additional ones, since they play an important role.

Which rotary hammer is better for home

If a person decides to make repairs in his apartment or house, and he needed a puncher for this, he most often uses some kind of forum or studies well-known manufacturers. But before you figure out which device is better to choose for your home, you need to decide what this tool is.

The functions of the hammer drill are to drill holes in the walls using an impact mechanism. It consists of the following elements:

  • Electrical engine;
  • Transmission gearbox;
  • Impact mechanism;
  • Cartridge (functional attachments are held on it).

All these components are located in the inner case. There is also a socket for a nozzle.

Additional functions

There are such minor properties as:

  • Speed switch regulator. Thanks to this function, you can switch the hammer drill at different speeds depending on the work being done, and, which is very important, this can be done without stopping work;
  • Reverse. Thanks to this, it is just right to pull out the drill with ease, since the reverse allows you to perform movements in the opposite direction;
  • Smooth descent. It helps prevent sudden jerking when turning the instrument on and off;
  • Anti-vibration system. Allows you to prevent the negative impact of vibration on a person;
  • Stop switch. Due to this property, a person may not constantly keep his finger on the switch, which makes the work process easier.

So, before choosing a tool for your home, find out for yourself what it is for and how you will use it, which characteristics need to be highlighted and which ones should be relegated to the background.