Changing the oil in the gearbox
Any gear oil is used to lubricate the gearbox, for example, TAD-17, TAP-15V or with other markings in accordance with GOST 23652-79. Before filling it, check for the presence of old fluid. If necessary, it must be changed, having previously checked the volume of the tank. Checking in such models of a walk-behind tractor as Neva is carried out as follows:
- The equipment is placed on a horizontal surface so that there is access to the gearbox, and it itself is in an inclined position (it will be more convenient to pour the product).
- Insert a probe into the hole on the gearbox (it can be a metal rod 65-70 cm long, bent into an arc) and measure the level of the substance with it.
If the dipstick immersed in the gearbox is 30 cm in the liquid, then there is no need to fill it additionally. If the results are different, the lubricant should be added to the gearbox to the correct level. At least 2 liters of lubricant will need to be poured into a completely dry gearbox.
What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor
As a rule, in the instructions for motor vehicles, the manufacturer indicates which brand of engine oil and in what volume it is better to use. If there are no such recommendations, the agent is chosen according to the following characteristics:
The SAE parameter indicates the viscosity grade of the substance and consists of an alphanumeric abbreviation, where the letter “W” indicates the possibility of use at low temperatures. The number in front of it indicates the viscosity at negative values of the thermometer, and the numbers after the “dash”. at positive values. These indicators characterize how easy the liquid will be pumped through the system, and how quickly it will reach the surfaces of rubbing parts, preventing them from dry friction.
The API parameter divides the lubricant into categories C and S in terms of performance. Category C includes products intended for four-stroke diesel engines, which are air-cooled, and category S for gasoline engines. Therefore, when choosing a fluid, you should definitely pay attention to this marking, since for a diesel and carburetor engine it has a different composition.
The ACEA parameter classifies the oil in terms of HT (viscosity at elevated temperatures) / HS (shear rate), which indicates how energy-efficient the lubricant is. The higher this value, the better it protects engine components from wear. It is recommended to pour a substance with a high mPas index into a tractor, mini-tractor, as well as heavy Neva walk-behind tractors designed for heavy loads.
Below are the types of machine lubrication, which, according to their characteristics, are the most optimal for a cultivator or walk-behind tractor. Of course, they can be used, if there are no special recommendations from the equipment manufacturer, and in accordance with the S and C markings. So, these are oils:
- 5w30, 5w40. all-season, which can be poured into motor vehicles at an ambient temperature of at least 25 ° C;
- 10w30, 10w40. with anti-corrosion properties;
- 15w40, 20w40. designed for filling into the engine at a temperature of 45 ° C and above;
- 0w30, 0w40. created for winter use;
- MIL-L. designed for military vehicles and can be used on motoblocks with diesel (code 2104) and carburetor (code 46152) type engines.
Double-labeled grease (SG / CD, SF / CC) can be poured into any motors: it is universal and equally suitable for both a diesel engine and gasoline-powered engines (like, for example, a Texas cultivator). Among the variety of lubricating products, the most popular is the product produced under the brands Mobil, Castrol, ZIC, Shell Helix. To improve the action and improve the quality, additives are added to it. Oil Additiv, BIZOL, Cera Tec and others. They can be used at ambient temperatures from 25 ° C to 25 ° C.
Choosing the best oil for a walk-behind tractor and learning to change it correctly: in a gearbox, in an engine
During the operation of the walk-behind tractor, the engine is exposed to a heavy load and engine oil is used to protect it from premature wear. The tool is different in chemical composition and properties, therefore it is used according to the classification.
How to change the oil
In order for motor vehicles to function smoothly and serve for a long time, it is necessary to periodically change the lubricant in the gearbox and engine. The first time this is done after running in, and then after every 50-100 hours of operation of motor vehicles (with intense loads, it will be necessary to “fill in” even more often), unless otherwise indicated by the manufacturer.
Changing the engine oil
The procedure for replacing the lubricating fluid in the motor is as follows:
- Motorcycle engine is started and warmed up.
- a single-axle tractor is installed on an elevated horizontal surface.
- Open the drain hole of the tank to drain the contents into a separate container, and then close tightly.
- Pour a new agent through the filler hole, controlling its level with a dipstick.
- Wipe the drain and fill holes with a dry cloth, carefully removing the remaining lubricant.
Engine oil is not cheap, but you should not save on it, as well as on fuel. Only original and high quality grease needs to be poured, since the performance of the walk-behind tractor, as well as the durability of its mechanisms, will depend on it. Only a high-quality product and with correctly selected parameters will be able to provide the most useful effect and ensure minimal wear of the internal engine parts. The instruction is suitable for such motoblocks as S htenli (Shtenli), Patriot, Tarpan, Kaskad, Khoper, Agat, Oka, Luch, MTZ.
What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor
In the maintenance of agricultural tools, it is important to choose the right accompanying and consumables. Particularly acute, in this sense, is the question: what kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor. The performance of the equipment, its service life and a number of other factors that relate to a particular brand of walk-behind tractor depend on this choice. Some manufacturers clearly indicate in the technical documentation that comes with the device, the recommended brand and type of oil. However, such information is not always saved, and as a result, the user of the equipment is forced to follow the basic recommendations, ignoring the warnings of the manufacturer.
What oil is better for pouring into the engine of the walk-behind tractor
There is a lot of controversy about which oil should be poured into the engine of a home walk-behind tractor. Those who consider their point of view to be correct, others refute it, but only one thing can resolve these disputes. the instructions for the device, created by the manufacturer of the equipment. Each of the manufacturers in it indicates the exact amount of oil to be poured, how this amount is measured, and even the type of oil that is used.
What all their points of view agree on is that the oil should be designed specifically for the engine. There are two types of oils. oils for two-stroke engines and oils for four-stroke engines. Both of these options are used for walk-behind tractors, depending on which engine is installed in the model. Mostly walk-behind tractors have 4-stroke engines, but in order to determine the type of engine, it is worth looking at its factory marking.
Both types of oils are divided into 2 types according to their composition. This criterion allows you to distinguish between semi-synthetic and synthetic oils, or, as they are also called, mineral oils. It is believed that synthetic oils are more versatile and can be used constantly, but this is not the case.
The use of oils is divided according to the seasonality of the use of the walk-behind tractor. So, some models can be operated in the winter season, and due to the thickening of natural components that are sensitive to temperature drop, semi-synthetic oils cannot be used like mineral oils in winter. But the same oils are successfully used in the summer and reliably protect equipment.
Thus, oil is used not only as a lubricating agent for engine components, but also as a medium that effectively retains soot generated during fuel combustion and metal fractions that appear during parts abrasion. This is why most oils have a thick, viscous texture.
What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor Neva
A feature of Neva walk-behind tractors is a wide variety of modifications of the model range due to the use of various engines, respectively, from different manufacturers. Therefore, before choosing an oil for a walk-behind tractor, it is worthwhile to once again revise the instructions for the engine and check which oil is recommended by its manufacturer. Read about the features of motoblock models and technical characteristics in the relevant articles. single-axle tractor Neva MB-2S-7.0, Neva MB-23S-9.0 Pro, as well as technical characteristics and device of motor-cultivators. Neva MK-100, Neva MK-200.
What oil is better to fill in a single-axle diesel tractor
In addition to the fact that oils are divided into synthetic and mineral oils, they are also divided according to the types of fuel that the engine burns. According to the API standard, three types of oils are distinguished. for gasoline engines, for diesel engines, and also universal, which are suitable for devices of both categories. The first category includes oils with two-letter markings. In this case, the first letter on the left must be S, the second can be any of the list (A, B, C, F, G, H, J). If the oil is intended for diesel engines, then the first letter on it will be different, namely C.
Universal oils suitable for all types of engines are usually marked with a double marking, in which 2 types of devices are indicated at once through the sign /. For example, it can be SF / CC, or SG / CD.
As for a more detailed decoding of markings, it is worth noting that the quality of all oils is determined precisely by the second symbol in the marking. The closer it is to the beginning of the Latin alphabet, the worse the quality of the oil. Thus, diesel oil with the CC marking is slightly worse in performance than the engine oil with the CD marking.
What kind of oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor
Despite the fact that the gearbox, like the engine, is actively working, they require completely different types of oils for lubrication. It is not engine oil that is poured into the gearbox, but gear oil, which ensures excellent lubrication of the moving parts. The amount of oil to be poured is also determined by the manufacturer, but not the engine, but the device as a whole, in this case it is a uniaxial tractor.
What kind of oil to fill in a single-axle Subaru tractor
One of the most popular models of Subaru engines installed in walk-behind tractors is the Robin Subaru model. This engine is quite sensitive to the quality of the oil used, so the manufacturer recommends # 20, # 30, and 10W-30 SAE oil for it. Recommended oil grade is SE or higher. In this case, the quality of the oil should be no worse than SG. Therefore, once again, asking the question: what kind of oil to fill in a single-axle Subaru tractor, ideally, you should give preference to oil marked SJ or SH if it is not available.
What kind of oil to fill in a single axle tractor? Criterias of choice
Over time, every person who uses a walk-behind tractor is interested in the question of which oil to pour into a uniaxial tractor, as well as how to do it. It is worth paying special attention to this issue, since the service life of the walk-behind tractor depends on the correct choice.
Features of tools for the reducer
The oil in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor should be changed regularly. Why do this? After a while, the additives begin to lose their characteristics. In order for them to serve for a long time, they must be protected with oil. If you do not replace it, this will lead to foaming of the product, and the gearbox begins to jam. But there are vehicles in which it is not necessary to replace this fluid.
To replace it, use transmission types of products.
What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor?
First you need to read the instructions for the used device model. It is here that it is indicated which oil to fill in a single-axle tractor and in what quantity. These rules should be strictly adhered to. First of all, you should find out which single-axle tractor is better. If you choose a machine that runs on diesel fuel, then you need to use diesel oil accordingly. In addition, they pay attention to the season, as there is a summer and winter remedy.
It happens that a person buys a single-axle gasoline tractor without instructions.
Changing the engine oil
It so happens that a person has purchased a single-axle tractor without oil. In such a case, it is necessary to fill in new clean agent before using the unit. At the same time, attention is paid to the viscosity. It must correspond to a certain indicator. For these purposes, brands such as SAE and API are suitable, the features and characteristics of which were presented above. But you should still look at the instructions. It is in it that a certain type of oil is indicated, which is most suitable for this type of engine.
Replacing it in the engine occurs after three hours of continuous operation of the walk-behind tractor. But it should be borne in mind that different manufacturers of this fuel indicate their specific time. After the first replacement, the procedure takes place according to the instructions, that is, every 25 hours.
- open the lid of the container where the oil is located;
- we unscrew the cover of the drain tank;
- the oil that remains in the engine is drained into a special container (the procedure takes about 15 minutes);
- close the cover of the drain tank;
- we fill the gearbox with new oil to the required level;
- close the hole with a plug through which clean fuel was poured.
There is nothing complicated in this process. It can be done by following certain instructions.
Changing the oil in the walk-behind tractor
As a rule, the filling of funds is carried out after 100 hours of its operation. But it so happens that this procedure must be carried out every 50 hours. To make a replacement, you need:
- unscrew the plug from the drain tank;
- pour the oil into a special dish (this operation takes about 15 minutes);
- we twist the plug from the drain tank;
- we fill the gearbox with new oil to the required level;
- close the hole with a plug through which clean fuel was poured.
How to choose?
During operation, the motor of the walk-behind tractor is constantly exposed to serious stress.
There are a large number of technical indicators of oils. What kind of oil to fill in a single axle tractor? When choosing, you should pay attention to viscosity and quality. These two indicators are key. First of all, they choose which uniaxial tractor is better to use for this type of tool, as well as climatic conditions. The answers to these questions can be found on the labeling of the motor fluid.
Characteristics of types of products
- SAE. Its main indicator is its resistance to various temperature changes. It is used not only for the summer, but also for the winter period. How to determine? First of all, you need to look at the number in front of the letter W. The lower its value, the more it is adapted to cold temperatures. The smallest value is 0W. If there is no such letter, then the oil is intended for the summer season. The higher the value, the better its quality.
- API. This value characterizes the operating conditions. There are two types of them: diesel and gasoline. The alphabetic values indicate the quality of the oil, as well as where it is necessary to fill it: into a single-axle gasoline or diesel tractor. Also, its appearance depends on the number of measures. That is, the number 2 is an engine with two strokes, etc. Some brands can be used for both two strokes and four, which are called combined. Another indicator is the literal value of EU, which stands for energy conservation. The economy of the oil is indicated by Roman numerals, and the higher they are, the better it is.
- ASEA. Indicates the original quality of the material. The oil can be used not only by cars, but also by trucks running on diesel fuel. It is usually followed by a number. If its value is high, then the vehicle can work in difficult conditions.
- CCMC. This indicator is rarely used. He indicated for which types of cars the oil is suitable.
- MIL-L. This indicator is used in military terminology and is divided into two parts. Code 2104. indicates that the single-axle tractor is diesel, and 46152 is gasoline.
- GOST 17479.1-85. This is the last characteristic that indicates the viscosity of the oil. It is followed by various letters and numbers indicating the type of fuel. If they are absent, then the grease is universal.
What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor
In order for a single-axle tractor to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Butter. it is a key factor in keeping the engine running. What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor we will try to figure out on this page of the site.
The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the recommendation of the engine manufacturer for the walk-behind tractor. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for walk-behind tractors and cite excerpts from the instructions.
The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. the operating category and the viscosity class.
OIL GRADE CLASSIFICATION API classification by performance category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here
OIL VISCOSITY CLASSIFICATION SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here
Winter. with the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W
Summer. no letter designation. Oils meeting these categories are high viscosity and are used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
All-season. at the moment, the most widespread are universal oils, which are used both in winter and summer.
Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40
Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter and in summer. oil with a higher value (more viscous).
The multi-grade oil is highly stable under seasonal and temperature changes. For example, an SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.
9 Best Diesel Engine Oils 2018
Engine oil for motoblocks recommended by manufacturers.
|Motoblock engine make||Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||SAE 10W-30. in temperate climates||SAE 5W-30. in cold regions||Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher (SG, SH or SJ recommended)|
|Honda (Honda)||SAE 10W-30 is recommended for use at all temperatures. If you wish to use seasonal oil, select the appropriate viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area.||SG, SF.|
|Lifan (Lifan)||SAE-30||SAE-10W-30. all-season|
|Briggs Stratton (brigs)||Briggs Stratton recommends the use of synthetic oil when operating in temperatures below 0 ° C. If you do not have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs Stratton 10W-30 non-synthetic oil, part number 998208 Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 certification mark, API and API service symbol labeled “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be apply at any temperature. Change synthetic oil as usual. Air cooled engines heat up faster than car engines. Using non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often.||SF, SG, SH, SJ or above|
|DM-1-01 (JSC Kaluga Engine)||М63 / 12Г1 or М53 / 10Г1 GOST 10541-78, oil corresponding to API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30|
|DM-1K Instruction from OJSC “Red October”||M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85 M63 / 12G1 or M53 / 10G1 GOST 10541-78,|
|Cascade MB-6||Motor oil M-5z / 10G1, M-6z / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)|
Engines of these brands are installed on almost all currently produced walk-behind tractors such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.
Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore, the result of operation in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too much oil can lead to serious problems including engine seizure.
Manufacturers recommend not to use oil with additives for 2-stroke engines, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces engine life.
Use only SE, SF, SG engine oils in general gasoline engines.
Categories of motor oils for gasoline engines
|SA||For low stress applications where no additives are required|
|SB||For use in the medium range of mechanical stresses. It is characterized by low oxidation, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.|
|SC||For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967. and not equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.|
|SD||For use in gasoline engines manufactured between 1968-1971 equipped with a PCV system. Compared to SC category, better reduces deposit formation over a wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.|
|SE||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972. Compared to SD category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SF||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared to SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SG||It appeared in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and is distinguished by additional quality improvements.|
|SH||Highest category of motor oils introduced since 1992.|
Diesel engine oil categories
|CA||For low to medium mechanical stress applications in engines running on low sulfur diesel fuel. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.|
|CB||For low to medium stress applications in engines fueled by high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category, it additionally reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CC||For use in medium to high mechanical stress conditions in non-supercharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. And at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CD||For use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
We give information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of Patriot (Patriot) walk-behind tractors and cultivators
Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)
Special high-quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling, installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, walk-behind tractors, mini tractors and other equipment.
Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before it is changed.
The special formula ensures the stability of the oil film.
1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;
Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;
The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;
WE RECOMMEND TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL AFTER THE FIRST 5 HOURS OF OPERATION. CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL ONCE A SEASON OR AFTER 25 OR 50 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE OPERATING CONDITIONS OF THE MOTOR BLOCK.
|Expert 4-stroke semi-synthetic oil is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines. The use of the latest additive packages allows to reliably protect the engine under extreme operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.||4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines. The use of the latest additive packages ensures reliable engine protection under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.||Supreme 4-stroke mineral oil. Special high quality performance motor oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling. The increased additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.|
The frequency of changing the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor
|Briggs Stratton (brigs)||First 5 hours. Change oil. Every 8 hours or daily. Check oil level. Every 50 hours or every season. Change oil.|
|Honda (Honda) Lifan (Lifan)||Checking the oil level. with every use. Change of oil. the first month or after 20 hours of work, thereafter. every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||Checking the level and adding engine oil. each time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark). Engine oil change: First change after 20 hours of operation; later. every 100 hours of operation|
1913 Type E 30-60 Rumely Oil Pull Tractor. Classic Tractor Fever
A few more recommendations from manufacturers regarding the use of oil in engines of walk-behind tractors and cultivators:
- check the oil level by placing the engine on a horizontal surface, wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
- when changing the oil, drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
- do not use additives and additives in the oil
- dispose of used oil in a way that does not harm the environment, do not dump it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.
Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from the owner’s manual for a Honda engine:
Motor oils for motoblocks of popular brands
These or those engine oils can be suitable for lubricating engines of various motoblocks. Let’s take a look at which lubricants meet the guidelines of the most popular agricultural engine engine manufacturers.
Replacing engine oil in a walk-behind tractor
The process of changing the oil in the walk-behind tractor is quite simple and takes a little time. For this work, you need to prepare in advance a container for draining the used lubricating fluid with a wide neck and a set of keys of the required size.
The entire replacement process consists of the following work:
- The engine must idle for 4-5 minutes for the oil to warm up and drain quickly;
- The single-axle tractor tilts gently and the drain hole is opened with a key of a certain size;
- The used oil completely flows out of the hole into a previously prepared container;
- The drain hole is closed;
- The filler hole opens;
- New oil is carefully poured into the filler hole;
- Filler hole closes securely.
After replacement, you need to check its level with a dipstick. The volume of the drained old and the filled new one must be the same. It is very important to replace and replace the spark plugs at the same time.
When buying a new walk-behind tractor, the kit must contain accompanying documents, in which there are special sections with recommendations for proper care and operation. The names of oils ideally suited to the unit are also indicated there.
First of all, you should understand the basic functions of oil fluids. Liquids do the following:
- system cooling;
- getting the smearing effect;
- cleaning the inside of the engine;
During the operation of the walk-behind tractor in an air-cooled engine, the oil liquid begins to burn, respectively, the burnt particles remain on the cylinder. That is why the formation of a smoky exhaust occurs. In addition, resinous deposits are the strongest contaminant for the rest of the walk-behind tractor, due to which the lubrication of parts becomes more difficult.
It is preferable to fill in oil for a walk-behind tractor together with antioxidant fluids, which are a cleaning agent for the inside of the unit.
For the correct choice of oil fluid, it should be remembered that each individual composition is intended for a specific season and climatic temperature.
In simple terms, you cannot use summer oil at temperatures below 5 degrees. this can lead to engine start failure.
- The summer type of oily liquid is used exclusively during the warm season. Has a high level of viscosity. No letter designation.
- Winter oils are used during cold weather. They have a low level of viscosity. The letter designation is W, which means “winter” in translation from English. This variety includes oils with the SAE index 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W.
- A variety of multigrade oils is more popular in the modern world. Their versatility allows you to fill the engine with fluid at any time of the year. It is these lubricants that have a special index in the general classification: 5W-30, 10W-40.
In addition to seasonality, oils are divided according to their composition. They are:
In addition, all oils differ in the performance requirements of 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines.
In walk-behind tractors, a 4-stroke air-cooled system is usually used, respectively, and the oil must be 4-stroke. During the winter season, the most preferred option is a transmission engine oil, for example, 0W40.
The price of the issue, of course, is high, but the reaction of the unit lies in its long service life.
Changing the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor. in detail for beginners and not only
Before proceeding directly to changing the engine oil, you should study the instructions of the walk-behind tractor manufacturer on the frequency of replacing the lubricant. In the event that there are no operating instructions, then the composition is replaced according to the method common among farmers.
For the first time, it is imperative to change the engine oil for the walk-behind tractor immediately after the complete running-in of the new unit. The running-in itself should be carried out exclusively at idle speed of the engine, after making sure that there is a sufficient amount of lubricant in its crankcase.
After the first hour of operation, the first oil change should be carried out. The second replacement should be carried out no later than after 6 hours of using the walk-behind tractor. In the future, it will be necessary to change the used engine oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor approximately every 40 hours of unit operation.
After preserving the walk-behind tractor for the winter period, you also need to change the engine oil. It does not matter how long the agricultural machine was used. at the first signs of darkening, an increase in viscosity and a strong burning smell, the engine lubricant must be replaced.
To quickly change the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor, you need to adhere to the following sequence:
- First of all, the motor of the walk-behind tractor should be warmed up. this will increase the fluidity of the oil;
- After that, the uniaxial tractor must be installed strictly in a horizontal position;
- Next, you need to unscrew the drain plug located at the bottom of the crankcase of the walk-behind tractor, and then drain all the lubricant in it;
- Then you need to screw the drain cap back on, and pour new engine oil through the upper hole in the crankcase;
- At the end, you will need to screw the filler cap.
After changing the engine oil, return the single-axle tractor to its normal position and continue its operation.
Why Automotive Engine Oil Is Not Suitable?
First of all, you need to follow the instruction manual for the walk-behind tractor and only on the basis of this document choose the required brand and type of lubricant. In this article we will consider all the most important issues of replacing the lubricating fluid in the main units of motoblocks.
Many owners of walk-behind tractors are wondering whether it is possible to use automotive engine oil to lubricate the main units of the unit. Experienced mechanics responsibly declare that even if there is a sufficient amount of automobile, it is not recommended to use it for filling into a uniaxial tractor.
The thing is that the engine of the car and the walk-behind tractor have a different lubrication scheme and a rather different temperature regime of operation.
In addition, the engines of the walk-behind tractor and the car will differ from each other:
- Specific design
- The degree of forcing
- Certain material
Can motor oil be poured into a uniaxial tractor?
Ignorance of the answer to this question often causes breakdown of practically new agricultural machines. The answer to it is quite simple. in no case should you use car oil to lubricate the engine of the walk-behind tractor.
The thing is that the produced lubricant for the walk-behind tractor engine and the agent for the car motor are different in their composition liquids. Each of them has its own temperature regimes, as well as the principles of the lubrication itself. In motoblock engines, engine oil is distributed by splashing, therefore, for such engines, it is necessary to use lubricants, which contain special additives. Otherwise, the engine of the walk-behind tractor will fail quickly enough.
Is it possible to fill car engine oil into a uniaxial tractor?
Timely oil change in the construction of the walk-behind tractor is a very responsible and important job. Indeed, without this, it is impossible to ensure high-quality and long-term operation of the main units and systems of the walk-behind tractor. The answer to the question. is it possible to fill a single-axle tractor with motor oil and which one to choose?
The service life of the aforementioned unit largely depends on the quality of the engine oil poured into a uniaxial tractor. It should be remembered that a timely and correct engine oil change is much cheaper than buying and installing new engine parts that have failed due to improper care.