The dump is necessary not only for removing snow in winter, but also for clearing various debris. To make it, we need ordinary sheet metal, the thickness of which will be about 2 mm. Inside it you need to weld 4 ribs of the same steel, but about 4 mm thick.
They need to drill holes through which the blade with the rods will be attached. The lower part of the structure is best sheathed with sheet metal to prevent the blade from burrowing into the ground.
The best homemade hardware
Homemade products with an engine from a walk-behind tractor (read the harrow for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands) are also of some interest. Among them, the most interesting is the manufacture of a snowmobile. As a running gear, you can use a transport belt on which you need to attach snow hooks.
In addition, the options for making other different types of equipment from a walk-behind tractor are interesting:
- All-terrain vehicles. By the type of construction, they resemble minitractors, but they have wheels of a higher diameter. This is necessary so that the unit can pass through the most and difficult terrain.
- Minitractor. We have already considered this design, which includes an additional part of the frame for the second pair of wheels, as well as steering wheels and a driver’s seat.
How to make a four-wheel walk-behind tractor
To make a full-fledged 4-wheel walk-behind tractor, we need a fairly powerful basic unit (Bison, Neva, etc.). In this case, we will consider an alteration from the Neva walk-behind tractor, because it is quite common in our country.
For greater convenience, you can purchase a ready-made conversion kit, which costs about 30 thousand rubles.
Let’s conditionally divide the assembly process into several stages:
- First of all, we need to take care of making the frame. We are talking about an additional support type structure, under which the second pair of wheels will be located. To make the frame, we need pieces of pipe and metal corners.
- There are no special requirements for the parameters of the pipe, but it must be borne in mind that the load on these elements will be sufficient.
- The elements of the pipe must be cut with a grinder, and then fastened together with bolts. For better structural stability, a transverse steel beam can be welded.
- You also need to weld a device for attaching attachments and trailed equipment to the frame. Can be mounted both in front and behind the unit.
- To mount the front pair of wheels, we need a metal pipe, the diameter of which must match the width of the front axle. Wheel hubs must be attached to the pipe.
- In the center, you need to drill a through-type hole through which we attach the structure to the front frame. Next, a gearbox and steering rods are installed. Then we install the steering wheel.
- You can use old ones from Soviet cars as wheels.
- We install the existing engine on the front of the structure. This is done so that the walk-behind tractor is more stable on the surface, because attached or trailed equipment will be located behind it.
By the way, additional equipment for the walk-behind tractor will be connected to the walk-behind tractor using a towbar (for a trailer to a walk-behind tractor) and a special bracket (for attachments).
Such homemade products for a walk-behind tractor with their own hands are quite reliable and practical in operation, because the whole structure turns out to be more monolithic, representing a full-fledged device with a seat and steering wheel. In terms of their functionality, they are even comparable to mini tractors, which are much more expensive.
Consider additionally homemade products for the Neva walk-behind tractor with our own hands, since it is so popular. In particular, several options for additional equipment can be made:
- Blade for walk-behind tractor.
- Disc-type hiller, etc.
The chassis includes not only the wheelbase itself, but also the frame structure, to which these wheels are attached, and where the main working units of the walk-behind tractor are located.
In more modern models of the walk-behind tractor, a change in the distance between a pair of wheels is provided, which allows you to adjust the size of the track of the walk-behind tractor.
Today, there are two types of wheels. pneumatic and metal with grousers.
About the device of the walk-behind tractor
Next, you will find out which walk-behind tractor is better to choose. To make it clearer what is the principle of home-made production of a walk-behind tractor and its additional components, you need to consider in detail the device of the walk-behind tractor as a means of small mechanization. So, this unit includes several main working units:
- The main driving force, i.e. engine.
- Basic controls.
DIY tools for a walk-behind tractor
I would like to start the analysis of homemade products with the direct manufacture of motoblocks with their own hands. Here it is not a question that we will make the unit from scratch, because it is technically impossible for home conditions.
The main working units will be taken from other equipment, we just have to prepare a certain base on which it was possible to successfully connect all the organs of the walk-behind tractor.
I would like to tell you about diesel motoblocks on 4 wheels, homemade products of which will be discussed later. In essence, these units are similar in appearance and in their technical data to full-fledged mini tractors.
To help farmers, companies produce a variety of special equipment to facilitate the work and maintenance of the farm. Here is everything about the device and characteristics of the Piggy grain crusher.
Millions of people in our land are engaged in gardening and farming. Garden cultivators. save your time, health and strength.
Those who have their own household should find out what the milking process is like with a milking machine. Click on the link to get acquainted with the milking machine AID 2.
The only difference is that the motoblocks do not have a differential lock, but otherwise they are very similar. both the presence of the driver’s seat, and the steering, and the presence of two pairs of wheels.
It is clear that the alteration will be based on the addition of several additional units to the existing walk-behind tractor. an additional frame to the second pair of wheels, the installation of a steering wheel and a seat, under which the speed control should be located, etc.
A standard internal combustion engine is used as the main driving force in the design of walk-behind tractors. Depending on the type and brand of the walk-behind tractor, for example, Cayman Vario, Patriot Ural, Texas, Foreman, Crossser, Viking, Forza, the engine used may be different:
- Gasoline 4-stroke engine. This engine is used for units belonging to the light and middle class of devices.
- Diesel 4-stroke engine. Motors of this kind are used on heavy and powerful walk-behind tractors designed to work on the most difficult surface areas.
For a walk-behind tractor, accessories: a creeper, a mulcher and a counterweight with your own hands, wheels for a cultivator. dimensions and drawings
If earlier it was necessary to harrow and plow almost by hand, using a minimum number of auxiliary tools, now it could be done using special equipment. In this case, we are talking about walk-behind tractors. units that are full-fledged assistants in a garden and a vegetable garden. However, the cost of all these equipment is quite high, taking into account the cost of the walk-behind tractor itself, so many craftsmen have adapted to make new homemade products of this or that technical means.
It is not surprising that the growth of such interest in this technique was associated with the use of various additional equipment of the trailed and mounted type (KUHN), which significantly expand the functionality of the walk-behind tractor.
The reasons for the strong burying of the cutters
In photo 10, you can see that the walk-behind tractor has stopped moving forward, the cutters have gone deep into the soil layer. In simple terms. the walk-behind tractor is buried in the ground! Why might this be happening? Below are the main reasons why the walk-behind tractor is buried, as well as ways to eliminate them.
The soil on the site is highly moistened and clogs the knives, you must wait until the earth dries up.
The coulter is very deep in the soil, it is necessary to adjust the coulter.
Insufficient number of revolutions, it is necessary to set the gas regulator to the maximum value and check the speed mode (select an overdrive of the walk-behind tractor).
The soil on the site is highly compacted, so it is necessary to cultivate the site in two times:
- Primary tillage at the minimum depth of the coulter.
- Final tillage is carried out when the coulter is buried to the required depth.
Incorrectly installed cutters of the walk-behind tractor, check the correct installation of the cutters.
These are the most common reasons that the milling cutters of the walk-behind tractor go deep into the ground and the walk-behind tractor stands in place.
Cultivation of the soil with a walk-behind tractor
Cultivation is the cultivation of a land plot using a dump-free method. If, during plowing of a plot with a walk-behind tractor, the land is turned over in layers, then in the case of cultivation, only its loosening occurs to a certain depth, thereby the fertile soil layer remains in place, which ensures a rich harvest from the land plot.
Preservation of the formed fertile layer is one of the main advantages of tillage with milling cutters, but there is also one drawback. If the processing of the land plot in preparation for the winter period is carried out with cutters, and not with a plow, then in the spring, after the snow melts, the land will be compacted again, and you will have to re-start the walk-behind tractor and cultivate your land plot.
Cultivation with a walk-behind tractor after the winter period is a difficult process, especially if the site was not plowed beforehand. The earth is compacted, and the load on the walk-behind tractor increases several times.
It is worth noting the fact that during cultivation the cutters can have different depths, so the quality of soil cultivation may be unsatisfactory. To achieve the maximum effect from the cultivation of a land plot, the following method of soil cultivation is used. If, after the winter period, first plow the area to a depth of at least 10 cm, thereby loosening the upper compacted layer of soil, then it is possible to achieve the most positive result from subsequent cultivation with the deepening of the cutters by 15-25 cm.
Let’s move on to a step-by-step study of the question of how to use a walk-behind tractor to carry out work on the cultivation of your land plot.
Preparing the walk-behind tractor for the cultivation of the site
Step one. Installation of cutters
To cultivate the soil on the walk-behind tractor, instead of the transport wheels, it is necessary to install a set of cutters on the left and right sides, as shown in photo 2 (the cutters are installed on the right side). One set of cutters includes eight knives. This number and arrangement of knives on the axis gives the most effective result of soil cultivation.
Please note that when installing the knives, the cutting part should be directed forward, in the direction of the walk-behind tractor. Please note that the working part of the knife should not be sharp, since in this case the walk-behind tractor will not move forward, but will constantly burrow into the ground, since the cutters will not loosen the ground, ensuring engagement with the soil, but simply cut it.
In photo 4, it is shown how an earring is installed on the walk-behind tractor, to which the opener is attached.
Photo 5 shows the opener. What is it and what is it for? The opener is a bar with vertically positioned holes, with which we can adjust the depth of the milling cutters of the walk-behind tractor during the cultivation of the land.
Place the opener in the shackle and fasten it with a bushing and cotter pins into the second hole (counting from the bottom of the opener). When installing the opener in this way, the depth of the milling cutters of the walk-behind tractor into the soil will be about 20 cm.This depth is quite enough for high-quality soil cultivation for the subsequent planting of cultivated plants on the land plot.
To change the tillage depth, the coulter can be attached to the shackle as follows:
- To increase the depth of tillage, the opener is lowered down and fastened to the shackle through the upper holes.
- To reduce the depth of tillage, lift the opener up and attach it to the shackle through the holes below.
The cutters and opener are installed and the walk-behind tractor is ready for work. To determine the quality of the adjustment of the depth of the cutters, it is necessary to carry out a control run of the walk-behind tractor over the land plot and make sure that the walk-behind tractor works without load during cultivation and the tillage depth meets our requirements.
Cultivation of the site using a walk-behind tractor
To obtain a high quality of soil cultivation with milling cutters, it is necessary to select the correct speed mode. Usually, there are two gears for moving the walk-behind tractor forward:
- Low is the first gear.
- High is the second gear.
Unlike plowing, when cultivating the soil, the walk-behind tractor must work at an increased speed, therefore, in this case, it is necessary to select an overdrive to increase the rotational speed of the cutters.
The choice of an increased gear reduces the load on the engine of the walk-behind tractor, and with an increase in the rotational speed of the cutters, the quality of soil loosening significantly increases.
After passing the first strip, we check the depth of soil cultivation. If the depth is satisfactory, then you can continue to cultivate the land. The passage of the second strip must be done so that the cutters follow the line left by the opener, since an untreated section of soil remains between the cutters of the walk-behind tractor.
When carrying out work on the cultivation of the garden, you do not need to press the steering wheel down, you should not push the walk-behind tractor forward. all this can lead to the walk-behind tractor starting to dig into the ground.
Comments: 6 on “Cultivation of the soil with a walk-behind tractor”
Rather, what attachments to loosen
Tell me what attachments you used. Otherwise, you need to process a large area of certified chernozem.
The depth of cultivation by the “Champion” is 10-12 cm with the opener fully lowered. clearly insufficient for planting potatoes! Therefore, the cultivator “Champion” is not suitable for these purposes. I bought it. I just threw my money away
And how to plant potatoes at such a depth of cultivation, and how to deal with weeds, if not pull them out. Please share your experience.
Primary loosening and sowing of lawn grass. For these purposes, plowing is needed. Plowing is cheaper than covering hectares of fields with plastic.
I want to ask a question: why is soil cultivation carried out??
I am one of the supporters of natural organic farming, I have completely abandoned digging and plowing the soil, which ruin fertility and kill soil inhabitants. Even classical collective farm-industrial agriculture recognizes this fact and recommends crop rotation and “steam” for the soil.
For several centuries of plowing, the black earth layer, which fed many states, was destroyed. Plowing virgin lands led to their erosion and loss of yield.
It is profitable for the state to produce tractors and motoblocks in large quantities, and to compensate for the quality of the crop with fertilizers and cheap labor. But is it necessary for a simple summer resident?
I do not copy collective farm methods, I cultivate the soil for 4 years once a year to a depth of no more than 5 cm (the height of a matchbox). I use a flat cutter and a motor cultivator. After collecting vegetables, I plant siderates on the same day. I process them on the day of planting potatoes, I mulch the soil. I don’t pull out weeds, I don’t pour water over the plot. I harvest potatoes from 4 acres, which is enough for 2 families (6 people) until the next harvest. The taste of such potatoes was appreciated by all the neighbors.
To preserve potatoes (another article), I recommend washing it immediately in water to remove traces of soil and immediately drying it in one layer in the sun, and closing it by the end of the day. Seed material should be greened for the accumulation of solanine, which will help the potatoes to be better stored and at the same time ensure better germination and shoots.
Homemade products for a walk-behind tractor
The question of where to start designing attachments for walk-behind tractors is quite reasonable. The fact is that almost all motoblocks are equipped with trailers of a factory sample, designed for the use of standard types of equipment. It is necessary to clarify that it is the standard equipment that does not meet the needs of buyers. the trailed systems turn out to be too delicate and fragile when used in harsh operating conditions.
For domestic motoblocks, trailers are mainly made of steel by a welded method, but for mass Chinese production, it is mainly cast iron, or an alloy of metals. It is clear that for one body plow, even the most powerful cast iron adapter will not withstand.
Because the first thing that needs to be created is a do-it-yourself plow trailed to a walk-behind tractor. Here, it is better to take the standard scheme as the basis for the design. the adapter is a hinge with the ability to fix the plow in different positions, which is especially convenient for plowing small areas when a plow is used with both left and right blade.
The adapter itself is recommended to be made with the possibility of fixing not only in the vertical, but also in the horizontal planes using lanyards and bolted connections.
This option will help to use it for plowing, and for hilling, and for installing a seat adapter for a mower or a rake for turning hay in hayfields.
DIY milling cutter for walk-behind tractor
Attachments for a walk-behind tractor in the form of a ground cutter can be used mainly for light and medium-sized units. For heavy models with a separate power take-off and torque transmission to trailed units for a walk-behind tractor, milling cutters with a chain drive will be optimal.
The simplest cutters for loosening the soil can be four segment reciprocating cutters. Structurally, such a cutter is a pipe on which saber cutters are rigidly planted. For medium and light units, the axle shafts for the walk-behind tractor are made collapsible. In this way, the width and speed of soil cultivation can be adjusted. If two segments are installed on each side of the gearbox, then the processing speed is significantly higher. True, the width in this case will be small. For axle shafts of two or even four elements, the working width can be increased up to 1.5 meters.
Do-it-yourself attachments for a walk-behind tractor are made from a profile pipe. The profile is easier to install on the wheel reducer. And it is much easier and easier to articulate them when building up.
It is enough just to insert them into each other and secure with pins. Do-it-yourself half-axles for a walk-behind tractor are made from a square or hexagonal pipe with thick walls. For 1 set of cutters you will need:
- pipes for the semi-axle body with a wall thickness of 2.5-3 mm and a length of 50-80 cm;
- for connecting pipe segments of a smaller diameter 50-60 cm long;
- 8 saber elements for the working body;
- clamps on the axle shafts. 4 pieces;
The cutters themselves are recommended to be made from steel strip with a thickness of 5 mm or more. The best solution for making cutters is to use forged metal. In this case, the strength is higher and there is no need to sharpen the tool frequently. It is recommended to use, when developing the shape of a cutter for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands, the drawings of the most successful models. a saber, curved or cutter with a triangular pointed element.
Tillage tools. a plow and a plow for a walk-behind tractor
Before you make a hitch on a walk-behind tractor for tillage, you should decide what is more important and prioritize in terms of the technique of processing the site. For large areas used for planting potatoes, root crops, grain crops, the best option would be a do-it-yourself plow for a walk-behind tractor. To make it simpler and easier. But for beds for vegetable crops, for processing strips between the rows of a garden or final processing for planting, it is better to make a cutter. This will greatly facilitate further work.
With the ready hitch on the walk-behind tractor, the most difficult thing in the manufacture of a plow is its shape. The body has a shape that is difficult to form and therefore it is better to make a plow from several components. Do-it-yourself opener for a walk-behind tractor is best made of steel. The large force that this element will experience should not lead to its deformation. over, it is the opener that is responsible for the plow lowering depth.
The plow share must be of the hardest metal possible. This is the part of the plow that cuts into the ground and cuts through its seam. The strength and power of this element will allow you to work with a plow both in the conditions of arable land, and to do preliminary processing of virgin lands. Despite the complexity of the blade design, it is quite simple to make it. For a curved blade, it is better to take a ready-made round or oval blank. Make a dump from it according to the drawing. Craftsmen for this usually use large pipes from 350 mm in diameter or gas cylinders. The moldboard is almost perfectly shaped.
One of the questions of how to make a plow for a walk-behind tractor will be the manufacture of a field board. a stabilizing element for a plow that sets the direction of its movement when working on arable land.
A do-it-yourself plow for a walk-behind tractor, just like a plow, is assembled from several elements. True, to use the plow in soil cultivation, it is better to provide a dump from the reinforcement, so that during the cultivation the soil looses as much as possible when the seam turns. In the design of the plow, it is better to provide not a frontal dump, but a double-sided dump with reinforcing rods.
Universal trailer for walk-behind tractor
The presence of a trailer provides mobility, because it is one thing to drive a walk-behind tractor with already installed units, another when a plow, cutter or potato planter is simply loaded onto a trailer and transported by the walk-behind tractor.
It is necessary to calculate the parameters of trailed equipment for a walk-behind tractor based on its power, the principle here is simple. 1 liter. from. means the ability to transport 100 kg of payload on a trolley. The simplest and most reliable scheme is a single-axle trailer with a central axle load. And although the carrying capacity of such a trailer is small, only up to 500 kg, this is quite enough to install a seat on the trailer and operate the walk-behind tractor while sitting on the trailer.
The most difficult thing here is to select the necessary components. It is easiest to use ready-made parts. For example, a do-it-yourself hub for a walk-behind tractor is made from an automobile, for passenger cars. This allows the use of standard vehicle wheels and tires for the equipment of the unit. On the other hand, the hub from the VAZ classics is perfect for making other useful homemade products. lugs, winches, wheel weights.
For the trailer, a rectangular pipe structure is mainly used, but both a channel and an I-beam can be used as a frame base. It is better to provide for the sides for the trailer removable. It is preferable to immediately provide for the possibility of installing several types of boards on the platform:
- wooden or metal for the transportation of bulk cargo;
- lightweight, mesh for harvesting green mass for animals;
- folding, with the possibility of increasing the usable area for hay transportation.
But in order to move comfortably on the roads, it is worth making wings for the walk-behind tractor. If possible, immediately install mud flaps on them. After all, not all roads have asphalt and hard surface.
A walk-behind tractor with a trailer can not be called a vehicle according to the law, today it is impossible, but this does not mean that the trailer should not be equipped with light signaling means.
Be sure to install at least 4 reflective elements on the trailer. 2 red at the rear and 2 white at the front. This will help the driver to identify the vehicle in the dark.
Homemade attachments for walk-behind tractors
This approach to the formation of a fleet of agricultural machinery makes it possible to take into account all possible features of both the site and the owner himself in the process of designing and assembling inventory.
The equipment under development for the unit is conventionally divided into equipment:
- universal purpose;
- highly specialized focus;
- auxiliary equipment and devices to simplify the control of the walk-behind tractor.
The universal means include, first of all, adapters and various kinds of trailers, which make the walk-behind tractor a universal transport platform both for transporting goods and as a convenient vehicle. Some models of motoblocks are capable of speeds up to 25 km per hour. Although the comfort of a mini tractor is still far from here, you no longer have to walk.
Highly specialized types of equipment are most often designed to perform only 1 or a maximum of 2 operations. However, these are the most popular tools from the point of view of consumer qualities for high-quality soil cultivation, performing operations for the care of crops, harvesting forage, and even used in construction. In part, it should be noted that among special-purpose homemade products, relatively simple types of tools prevail. plows, cutters, hillers. This is something that can be done from scrap materials and using the simplest power tool. But more complex elements are made using units from other equipment.
And, of course, what makes it easier to control. a counterweight for a walk-behind tractor, wheel weights and anti-slip chains, all this allows you to work with the unit all year round.
Disc cultivator for walk-behind tractor
One of the most popular types of attachments for a walk-behind tractor during the period of caring for plants in the summer is a cultivator. You can make a do-it-yourself polisher for a walk-behind tractor:
- following the example of a classic cultivator in the form of a trailed ripper;
- in the form of disc hillers used for processing root crops.
The processing technology provides for the passage of the walk-behind tractor between two rows of crops or when using a multi-body cultivator of three or even four rows.
Ripper hiller can have several types of tools installed in one body:
- two double-moldboard plow-flat cutters;
- 2 disc harrows for the formation of ridges;
- two discs for plant protection.
Do-it-yourself plant protection discs for a walk-behind tractor are usually made of sheet steel. Depending on the purpose of the device to which they will be applied, their diameter is calculated. For cutters, usually the diameter is less than the cutters by 5-7 cm, and for a cultivator, they should be 30-35 cm in diameter. It is just that during milling, the plant area usually has a small height. But cultivation is carried out when the plants reach significant growth, and their breakdown at this stage can result in the death of the vegetable crop.
Medium-sized discs can be universal, with a diameter of 20-25 cm.At the same time, it is necessary to provide for a universal type of attachment to each type of attachment.
Attachments for walk-behind tractors. improvement and modernization of the main working bodies
Preparing the walk-behind tractor. 3 tips on how to prepare a walk-behind tractor for cultivation
Preparing the walk-behind tractor. 3 tips on how to prepare a walk-behind tractor for cultivation
In this article you can find answers to the most popular questions about how to properly cultivate a land plot using a walk-behind tractor, and also learn about the basic rules for preparing a walk-behind tractor.
and more modern summer residents and owners of private houses decide to purchase a walk-behind tractor. And this is not surprising, because this equipment is capable of performing almost all agricultural and technical work, without taking a lot of time and physical strength of its owner.
Soil cultivation is one of the most important and frequently performed land cultivation technologies. This type of work is a non-moldboard processing of the soil, which does not destroy the humus layer too much.
It is important that cultivation is carried out correctly and without significant errors. Otherwise, the processing of the land will be of poor quality, and the gearbox and engine of your walk-behind tractor may succumb to a very serious overload. In addition, operators who improperly cultivate the soil experience physical fatigue and inconvenience. Correct preparation of the walk-behind tractor is the key to successful and effective work.
First of all, you need to pay attention to several key points when preparing a walk-behind tractor:
In addition, we will talk about the correct movement of the walk-behind tractor when performing this type of work.
Preparation and installation of cutters.
The complete set of cutters for a walk-behind tractor is as follows: 16, 24 or 32 cutting inserts. Which kit to choose depends entirely on the type of soil on the site, as well as on the area of the cultivated area. If you have to cultivate a small area, it is not recommended to use more than 16 cutting inserts for this. A set is considered optimal, in which there are 8 plates on one side and 8 plates on the other side. If you decide to use sets of 24 or 32 plates for small areas, this will significantly increase the load on the engine of the walk-behind tractor, and, as a result, will greatly tire the operator.
The stage of preparation of cutters consists in the correct assembly of sets of cutting inserts. You must be completely sure that their cutting ends are in the same direction.
Under no circumstances should the cutting parts of the cutter be sharpened. If you sharpen them, the roots of the weeds will not rise to the surface of the cultivated soil. The root system will simply be cut off with a pointed cutter and will remain in the ground. After some time, the weeds will grow again in the same place, and cultivation will be completely meaningless.
It is worth saying that sharpened cutters significantly increase the load on the engine of the walk-behind tractor.
Also, the sharpening of cutters has a negative effect on the specified working depth of the area. If you sharpen the cutters, the walk-behind tractor will burrow into the soil from time to time when moving forward. This is due to the fact that the sharpened cutters do not grab the ground, but cut. This leads to the fact that they begin to deeply burrow into the ground to a depth of more than 30 centimeters.
So, you have finished assembling the set of cutters. Now you can proceed to the next stage of preparing the walk-behind tractor. installing cutters on it. You must carefully ensure that the direction of the cutting part of the plates is located in the direction of the forward movement of the walk-behind tractor. It is very important not to confuse the left-hand and right-hand cutters and put them in place.
Coulter depth adjustment.
The coulter is a mechanism for adjusting the depth of soil cultivation. It has several through holes that are placed at different heights in relation to each other. When installing the opener in the holder, you need to fix it through this or that hole using a cotter pin.
The choice of the hole depends on the required tillage depth. If you want to set the minimum depth, you must place the coulter on the holder through the bottom hole. Through holes, which are located slightly higher, are intended for deeper cultivation of the land.
What other factors should you pay attention to for correct and high-quality placement of the opener? If on your plot of land there is a rather heavy type of soil or shortly before cultivation you applied organic fertilizers, then you do not need to bury the opener too much into the soil. In such cases, it is highly recommended to insert the opener through the first hole to not cut too deeply. If you install it through the second and above the second hole, then when cultivating the soil, the cutters will be buried in it (the same negative effect will occur as when sharpening the cutters).
Setting the speed mode.
The optimal speed mode is the key to high-quality and correct cultivation of the land. That is why the correct setting of the walking speed of the walk-behind tractor is such an important factor in adjusting the walk-behind tractor. Based on practical experience, many owners of walk-behind tractors recommend opting for second gear. This will help you to increase the number of revolutions of the shaft on which you have installed the cutter kits. As a result, you can enjoy easy, fast and high-quality loosening of the soil and a uniform depth of cultivation of the cultivated area.
Preparing a walk-behind tractor for cultivation is a simple process. You should remember the basic rules:
1.Do not sharpen cutters
2.Adjust the coulter correctly
3.Set the optimal speed mode (most likely the second)
In this case, your walk-behind tractor will be light and maneuverable, and you will not get tired of work.
Homemade potato planter for walk-behind tractor
Homemade potato planter made from improvised tools and garage trash with your own hands. You can assemble a potato planter to your walk-behind tractor if you have the necessary spare parts in an extremely short time.In this case, a home-made potato planter was assembled in order to save the family budget, because factory counterparts cost as much as half of a walk-behind tractor). which is not always affordable for a villager, but it is quite possible to design and assemble with your own hands if your hands grow from the right place.
The principle of operation of a home-made potato planter is quite simple, the mechanism for feeding potato tubers usually consists of a motorcycle chain with scoops installed on it at a given interval, they capture the tuber and fall into the socket.
The mechanism is set in motion from the wheel of the potato planter on the axis of which a driving sprocket is fixed, and at the top in front of the bell the driven.
The bunker is used to load potato tubers, you can make it from old sheet metal (this is for those guys who can work with a tin) or a tank from a Soviet washing machine.
You can aggregate a homemade potato planter with both a walk-behind tractor and a mini tractor.
And so, let’s take a closer look at the presented unit.
Mounting Tracks to walk-behind tractor
Before planting the tubers with a homemade potato planter, it is required to cultivate the soil so that it becomes soft and loose and thus things go much faster.
The potatoes are loaded into the hopper and, when moving forward, the chain with buckets feeds the tubers into the bell, and then, under their own weight, they fall into the groove made by the opener of the potato planter and fill up with earth, creating a drag.
In the photo below, the guy shows us the work and feeding the tuber into the socket. Homemade openers fill the potatoes with earth. Drive wheels from an old walk-behind tractor are used, you can also make them metal from rims. The coulter is made of a cultivator tine and has a decent margin of safety. Having in your arsenal a homemade potato planter for a walk-behind tractor or a mini-tractor, you will greatly facilitate the hard work when planting, and you can also increase the area and reduce the time of this event.
Do-it-yourself garlic planter for a walk-behind tractor
In order to make a garlic planter for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands, you will need:
- wooden boards (metal tools add extra weight to the unit, making the work of the walk-behind tractor heavier);
- brush wheel (driven by a chain drive);
- a shaft with a chain attached to the front wheels of the cultivator;
- metal layer.
It is necessary to build a box from the boards, which will later be a bunker. A wheel with seeds is installed behind the box. It can be adjusted to fit the seeding size.
A metal plate is attached to the bottom frame of the garlic planter, which plows the ground under the rows. The plate digs trenches for planting garlic. This type of planter can be considered universal.
A seeder for garlic for a walk-behind tractor of a home-made version is quickly and easily assembled. But for the accuracy of the assembly, you need to use drawings and diagrams. They indicate the exact dimensions and diameters of the unit, and this will increase the accuracy of seeding.
Step-by-step instructions for creating a garlic planter for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands are presented in the video. For many years, seeders for walk-behind tractors have occupied an honorable place among agricultural equipment. With their help, row planting of garlic, wheat, corn, rye, lentils and other crops is carried out.
It is advisable to use a manual seeder in medium to small areas. For a vast land plot, it is advisable to use a self-made seeder for a walk-behind tractor. Any of these devices optimizes the sowing process, and improves the uniformity of seedlings.
Depending on the plants that are planted, there are several groups of seeders:
- Combined. Have special devices for applying fertilizers to the soil.
- Universal. For planting various crops.
- Special. Sowing certain plants.
Having studied the algorithm of actions according to the presented drawings, you can make sure that it will not be difficult to make a seeder yourself. The use of this agricultural device will save the strength of the gardener, increase labor productivity and improve the quality of sowing.
Seeder for walk-behind tractor with own hands
Making a universal seeder for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands does not take much time. This structure consists of several main parts:
- a pair of wheels;
- sowing roller;
- two bearings;
- seed box;
- handles with bracket;
- pairs of brackets for fixing the opener.
The seed box is made of planks (up to 15 mm). The structure is closed with steel overhead bottoms. Longitudinal and transverse walls are fastened with self-tapping screws, steel corners and spikes. At the bottom of the walls, 15 mm thick wood strips are attached.
Semicircular cutouts are made in the linings and on the walls. They are designed to fit the seeding roller. Mounting brackets are pre-mounted on them.
In the inclined bottoms, rubber plates are fixed for dropping seeds from the cells.
The diameter of the wheels of the universal seeder for the walk-behind tractor is 200 mm. The size of the hubs is 60 mm, holes are provided in them equal to the diameter of the roller.
To create the opener, 1.5 mm steel is used. It is fixed to the brackets.
The planting depth of the seeds is adjusted by re-securing the opener in the holes on the bracket.
Another bracket is fixed to the back of the seed box. It provides a connection of a homemade design with a walk-behind tractor. For a better understanding of the algorithm for making a seeder with your own hands, see the drawing.
How seeders work
The chain transmission system is aggregated with the rear wheels of the equipment. The seed hopper holds the crop volume over several rows or beds. Some models have a separate container for each row. Often the seeds are mixed with some kind of filler or fertilizer.
The vegetable seeders are equipped with special brushes that loosen the seeds. There is a disc at the exit from the container, which opens the hole for the exit of the culture.
The designs, as a rule, are suitable for almost any cultivator, for example, the Neva, Oka, etc. walk-behind tractor.
Seeders for a walk-behind tractor are quite convenient in the sense that the speed of planting a crop can be adjusted in advance. This is a big plus for planters for motor cultivators and other units. Another plus is that this tool can be installed on any type of walk-behind tractor.
For planters, there is a classification of sowing methods:
- dotted (exact);
For different types of seeds, different models are used: vegetable, grain, universal. But for some cultures, there is still an exception. These are the seeds of sunflower, corn and beans. Most often they use a bunker system, but sometimes they resort to vacuum ones, which are used as mini-pneumatic planters.
Vacuum seeder. it is pneumatic, precision seeder, dotted. The vacuum seeder for the walk-behind tractor is SVTV 4-8. Its purpose is to sow vegetables and grains. Initially, the design is designed for 4 rows, but it can be converted into an eight-row one without drastically changing the unit.
Pneumatic seeders are used to work with weighted walk-behind tractors. The set includes 4 removable drums that can sow 2 rows each. You can plant both small grains and large ones, for example, corn. Sowing depth. up to 10 cm, row width. up to 70 cm.
Using the BCS Walk Behind Tractor to Establish Garden Beds in a field of Quackgrass
A homemade garlic planter for a walk-behind tractor is used for planting bulbous species (garlic, tulip, onion). Farmers also use this seeder for vegetables. CTB is an excellent garlic planter. SV-6, SVTV 4-8. these models are vacuum. There is a special garlic planter specifically for garlic. The design includes small spoons that pick up the onion and guide it directly into the furrow, which is prepared in advance.
But on some models there are no plates with which the wheels burrow into the soil and compact it. However, this attribute can be made by hand.
Seeders for a walk-behind tractor: how to make a planter with your own hands
Many farmers ask how to make a seeder for a walk-behind tractor. In modern agriculture, motor-cultivators are increasingly used, which are supplied with various devices and designs. These tools include grain seeders for a walk-behind tractor.
The seeder for a walk-behind tractor is designed for even distribution of cultivated seeds in the ground. The type and type of structures resemble those of a tractor, only several times less.
Seeder for the CM-6 walk-behind tractor
This seeder is used for row planting of small grains and vegetables. Number of planter rows. 6. CM-6 can also plant corn. The seeder for the CM-6 walk-behind tractor plants crops quite accurately. Achieve maximum accuracy from this tool by using double regulation.
You can change the number of seeds when sowing, the depth and width of the sowing. For a better harvest, it is advised to combine planting with sowing cereals, bran, and other small seeds. Corn seeder CM-6 is suitable for the Neva walk-behind tractor, which is the most common cultivator.
A homemade seeding planter is connected to a walk-behind tractor with a machine in several ways:
- Using the AM-2 adapter, the machine can handle up to 10 hectares.
- With the help of one motor-cultivator, it is capable of sowing more than 10 acres.
- By hand pull. But such a unit can sow only 5 acres.
Above, the mechanisms for planting garlic are disassembled: the principle of operation, how to assemble it with your own hands. But there is no detailed description of a planter for a walk-behind tractor of such a crop as corn. Seeders are an add-on tool for attachments. That is, it will be enough to add a grain metering hopper to the main hitch, and the seeder is ready for the walk-behind tractor.
You can use a potato planter as the main hitch. Its principle is based on an exact fit in several rows, it remains only to add a hopper with rotating discs that open a hole for grain.
Do-it-yourself planter for a walk-behind tractor is not particularly difficult to assemble. You just need to be smart and open the drawings, choosing the necessary dimensions for the equipment.
Dear summer residents, and which home-made design of a seeder for a walk-behind tractor seems to you the most convenient?
How to install correctly?
First you need to put on the earring. It will already be necessary to attach the working part to it. Attach it using cotter pins and bushings. Important: the fasteners should be inserted into the second hole from the bottom. This allows you to adjust the depth of the cutters in the optimal way for full-fledged soil cultivation.
It so happens that the standard deepening (by 20 cm) is not enough. To set the opener for a deeper approach, it is lowered and attached to the shackle through the upper holes. Conversely, if only the topmost layer of soil is required to be processed, it is attached through the lower hole before using the tool. Experts recommend that you initially arrange a test run of the walk-behind tractor. Only he will show if everything is done correctly.
Openers for a walk-behind tractor: what is it and how to install it correctly?
- Buy or do it yourself?
- Features of the
- Design features of the Class coulters
- How to install correctly?
- Details and nuances
The expansion of the capabilities of motoblocks is of concern to all their owners. This task is successfully solved by means of auxiliary equipment. But each type of such equipment must be selected and installed as carefully as possible.
Features of the
The opener for a walk-behind tractor is a device that allows you to implement a precision farming system. Important: we are talking about self-made tools, and not about standardized work items. According to experts, it is the opener among other parts of the seeder:
It is needed in order to maintain a consistently specified depth of seed penetration into the soil horizon. The field contour is copied independently with the coulters. With proper use of the coulters, it is possible to:
reduce energy consumption in the technological process (thereby dispensing with a smaller class walk-behind tractor);
reduce the total fuel consumption;
to raise the overall productivity of work by 50-200%;
increase the yield by at least 20%.
Buy or do it yourself?
Many farmers prefer to make their own openers with their own hands. This technique is not popular because of its cheapness. On the contrary, a handicraft element is ultimately more expensive. But the fact is that it ideally meets the needs of a particular farm. If there are no special requirements, standard serial products can also be used.
Design features of the Class coulters
Experts most often recommend for do-it-yourself installation of Class individual coulters. Their characteristics are fully consistent with those described above. A consistent seed placement depth is achieved by a special arrangement of levers and support wheels. Since the hinges in the most loaded area are supported by springs, it is possible to adjust the pressure on the coulter surface. A well thought-out safety spring eliminates damage to the main parts of the opener, even when hitting various kinds of obstacles.
Details and nuances
It is important to understand that the opener installed on walk-behind tractors and motor-cultivators is not capable of performing the same work as similar devices on “large” tractors. It makes no sense to expect from them:
There are only two available functions: adjusting the depth and rate of cultivation, and an additional anchor point for storage. That is why various names for this part may occur:
plowing depth regulator;
spur (in the lines of a number of European companies).
The coulters installed on individual models of walk-behind tractors (cultivators) can have only 2 adjustment positions. There are even those in which the deepening of the sharp end is not regulated. An example is the proprietary Caiman Eco Max 50S C2 coulter. But it is possible to change the speed of movement of the cultivator by manipulating the handles. For your information: on powerful cultivators and walk-behind tractors, the opener must move freely to the right and left.
The correct organization of work when using the opener is as follows:
waiting until the ground around the cutters is loosened;
repetition in the next section.
When it is planned to plow virgin lands, usually the burrs are made relatively small in order to evaluate the result. Only after processing the trial portion of the plot can one say whether the depth needs to be changed or not. If the motor starts to accelerate when the working depth is reduced, the opener has to be buried a little more. On motoblocks of the “Neva” type, the regulator is set to begin with in the middle position. Then, focusing on the density of the earth and the ease of overcoming it, they carry out the final adjustment.
About what openers for a walk-behind tractor are and how to install them correctly, see the video below.