Working with a trimmer is quite simple. simpler than with an ordinary scythe-Lithuanian. But everywhere there is a specificity, therefore, before mastering a new technique, you should do what many leave for later. carefully read the instructions. This is already enough to roughly understand how to use the trimmer, refuel it, figure out how to charge its battery or connect it to the mains.
Getting started with safety
Of the protective devices, glasses and gloves recommended by the instructions do not interfere, but the most important is the protection of the legs. A cutting tool, especially when mowed with a gas trimmer with metal knives, rotating at high speeds, picks up debris, pebbles and scraps of vegetation that fly apart at such a speed that they can cause injury to humans. Therefore, it is advisable to work in trousers and closed shoes or boots.
What will happen if you don’t protect your legs?
As for ear protection, a tangible need for this arises only for the “loudest” benzotrimmer. based on a two-stroke engine. They are usually equipped with special headphones with a headband necessary to reduce sound pressure on the eardrum.
Preparing the trimmer for work
Preparation of the trimmer for work begins with a check of the condition of all parts and assembly according to the instructions. At the same time, you need to make sure that there is lubricant in the gearbox, and that there is enough oil in the crankcase of the four-stroke gasoline trimmer. The fuel, depending on the type of engine, two- or four-stroke, is a mixture of gasoline with special oil in a ratio of 40-50: 1 or, accordingly, pure gasoline. After the fuel tank is full, it remains only to open the faucet and you can try to start the trimmer, not forgetting that before mowing it is necessary that it runs at idle for 2-3 minutes.
With an electric cordless tool, everything is simple. after checking for grease, just insert a charged battery into the appropriate socket so that it is ready for use. If the tool is powered by the mains, then an extension cord will be required to the intended place for cutting. The wire must be placed outside the range of the possible action of the trimmer knives.
The site should be maximally free of foreign objects: glass, stones, wire, snags, etc. The presence of people closer than 15 meters is also undesirable. Depending on the capabilities of the particular trimmer and the intended work, you need to choose the appropriate cutting nozzle. You can use a mowing head with fishing line for grass, metal knives for weeds or harvesting hay, or a saw for shrubs. Mowing should be planned in such a way as to advance, moving away from buildings and people.
How to mow with a trimmer
The trimmer should “lie” well in the hand. Many people prefer a rather light tool that can be used “on weight”. Otherwise, it should be well balanced, on a convenient belt or knapsack suspension, since it is impossible to mow correctly with a trimmer without this. A tool with a bicycle handle is very convenient, when mowing it is easy to hold the mowing head at about a constant height, and the tip of the cutting tool at the right distance from the ground. In order for the fishing line to last longer, it is undesirable to bring it close to fences, borders, brickwork and other hard objects. In addition, do not touch the ground head unnecessarily.
How to choose a trimmer for a summer residence? Which is better: gasoline or electric? Find out here.
General principles of grass trimmer
As a rule, the cutting tool rotates counterclockwise, so you can work with a trimmer in the same way as an oblique casting, doing 1-2 strokes from right to left with a gradual advance of 15-30 cm. Then the mowed grass remains on the treated surface on the left. Since the line cuts best with the tip, the sweep speed and grapple are selected empirically. With quick wiring, the cut occurs along the entire length of the cutting tool, in which case the motor is overloaded too much, and the grass is often wound around the head.
If the site is large and even, and the grass is quite soft, it is more convenient to mow along imaginary squares, mentally breaking the entire area into them. After preliminary mowing the grass around the perimeter of the first, continue to work along the tapering square spiral clockwise until the site is completely mowed. Then proceed to the next square. With this method, mowed grass always remains on the treated surface on the left side. In order to mow vegetation at the very root, it is necessary to keep the cutting plane at an angle of 30 °, with the tip of the fishing line almost touching the ground.
Of course, it is better to mow even lawns with a lawnmower-cart, which allows you to make a more even cut and collects the mowed grass in a special grass catcher. This lawn mower is described in this article.
In this case, it is more convenient to mow in both directions. The first pass is from left to right, cutting the tops of the grass, and then, lowering the tool to the desired level, the lower part is cut off by reverse movement. Mowed grass also remains on the treated surface on the left side. If the thickets of weeds are too high, then in order to reduce the likelihood of winding grass on the drum, you have to mow several times from top to bottom, but this is fraught with increased consumption of fishing line.
The slope is also treated according to the principle of “mowed grass to the left”, choosing the direction so that its top is on the right. When they reach the end of the site, they return to the starting point, rise higher by the width of the swing and mow the next strip.
Trees and bushes
In the area where there are many similar obstacles, the trimmer is simply irreplaceable, since mowing the grass with an ordinary scythe is not enough scope, and the lawn mower is too large. The fishing line is best for this. Before you begin to process the site, you need to cut each tree or bush from all sides. In order not to damage them, you need to hold the trimmer with a protective cover almost close to them, slightly tilting the head to the ground and going around from left to right.
It is convenient to trim the flower beds, lawns and paths along the edges with a trimmer with a lower engine, since its cutting plane can be set vertically. For an even greater effect on the cutting line, it is useful to dig a groove of about 4×4 cm. Then the line will cut the grass below ground level without touching its surface. The result is a very clean, flawless vertical haircut.
If there is a need to trim with a trimmer in any weather, then it should definitely be gasoline, since it tolerates wet weather well. Although, according to the instructions, work in the rain or on wet grass by some manufacturers of such gasoline equipment is also prohibited. When choosing a trimmer, it is also worth paying attention to.
The electric motor is the most vulnerable place for moisture in battery trimmers. Accordingly, if it is located on top, then there is less chance of moisture getting there from the grass, but in rainy weather they can’t work either.
Video: How to Charge a Court into a Trimmer
Typically, water gets from wet grass to the extension cords, where an electric arc can occur that could ignite the insulating plastic or cause a short circuit. Such a defect is “fixed” by buying a new extension cord or replacing the plug, but moisture entering the engine or control circuit leads to irreversible damage to the trimmer. In addition, working with such an instrument in the rain is simply dangerous, since there is a high probability of electric shock.
Storage and care of the trimmer
Special care is required petrol trimmers. In addition to cleaning and lubricating cutting and rubbing surfaces from plant sap and dirt, you must also take care of the engine. The air filter is most likely to clog him. The frequency of cleaning is approximately 10 hours. Besides, engine cooling radiator fins are sometimes dirty, why it quickly overheats, and this can lead to its jamming. How to clean the radiator and air filter is described in the instructions for a particular gas trimmer.
Before leaving the trimmer for long-term storage at the end of the season, all fuel should be drained from it., then start the engine and wait for it to stop. This ensures a complete lack of fuel in the tank and carburetor. After the motor cools down, you need to unscrew the candle, pour 30-40 ml of two-stroke oil into the cylinder, slowly crank the crankshaft with the starter cable so that it spreads over all the cavities inside the engine, then tighten the candle. After this, you need to disassemble the rod, if it is disassembled, cover with a preservative lubricant all metal parts that may rust and then store the trimmer in a place protected from moisture.
After finishing work at electric trimmers it is necessary to wipe and curl the wires and extension cords, and for batteries, put the battery on charge, since it is not recommended to keep the trimmer even for a very short time with a discharged battery. this leads to a quick failure. Thereafter the head should be removed, since the protective cover and the inside of the drum itself will have to be cleaned. If this is not done, the grass juice may dry on them and cause the bobbin with the mechanism that fixes the fishing line to stop functioning normally the next time it starts.
Preparing electric trimmers for long-term storage is much easier. The main thing is to protect them from moisture from getting inside the control circuit and the engine, as well as from rust on unprotected metal elements using preservative grease. Be sure to charge the battery before storage, then your spring trimmer will be as good as new.
When choosing equipment for a summer cottage, it’s not always worth chasing powerful and dimensional devices. The power of the tool is, undoubtedly, an important parameter, but it certainly pulls the increased weight of the device, its large size, as well as the high price and increased fuel costs. But that’s not the point.
If you have a small garden in which fruit trees are densely planted or a small lawn with flower beds and shrubs, then cleaning it from weeds and mowing grass neatly is clearly an impossible task for any lawn mower. In such cases, even a hand tool. an ordinary scythe and that will not help: you just can not swing it, bumping into tree trunks.
The ideal solution in this case is a good and inexpensive electric trimmer. It is so light, convenient and easy to operate that it always becomes a favorite among women and older people. A lightweight, quietly buzzing electric motor, a handle with convenient handles and a nylon fishing line tucked into the spool are the main components of the electric trimmer.
Electric trimmer efficiency
The electric braid, which works from a household electrical network, is relevant on a plot of four to six hundred square meters, planted with trees, flowers, shrubs. It is convenient for her to gently mow the grass near the house or along the curb, mow the tracks, and an environmentally friendly motor that does not produce exhaust, gas and burning will make it possible to even remove weeds in any indoor environment. greenhouse or greenhouse.
The trimmer cable limits the grass mowing radius, but can be increased with a standard extension cord. If this length is not enough for you, or the power supply parameters do not contribute to the normal operation of the electric motor, then you can purchase a kind of electric tool. a cordless trimmer. It works autonomously, the built-in battery lasts for half an hour or an hour of intensive work. enough to mow the trees in the garden. The motor at the trimmer can be placed at the top of the tool or at the bottom. Upper-motor trimmers work well on bumpy and uneven terrain. They are also well balanced and can work with tall and wet grass. a short circuit will not occur. The convenience of working with it is also enhanced by a single-arm loop, which is hung on the shoulder. The lower motor trimmer can only be used for wet grass and for flat areas. Often, lower motor trimmers operate on a battery.
How to use a trimmer
The household trimmer is the easiest to use and at the same time very effective tool. It seems that there is nowhere easier. to plug the instrument into a power outlet and work. But still there are some nuances that you need to know in order for the trimmer to work long and productively.
1. Site preparation. It is necessary to carefully examine the mowing area and remove all foreign objects. stones, glass, wire, etc. Suddenly flying out from under the fishing line during operation, such an object can cause injury.
2. Installation of a cutting system. There are low-power trimmers that can only work with fishing line, mowing soft and juicy grass. they do not need to install a cutting system. But some models of trimmers, in which the motor has 1 kW and more power, can work with a knife. If there are hard weeds or even small bushes on the plot, you need to unscrew the nut of the working mount and install a cutting knife. Then tighten the nut firmly with a wrench.
3. Before starting work. It is very important to wear safety glasses when working with the trimmer, because even if you cleaned the area from debris, plant stalks and grass can fly into your eyes. The same stems, grass and branches can hurt your hands, so it is advisable to wear gloves. We simply plug the electric trimmer into the network, but the battery trimmer needs to be charged for several hours before work. Then, if there is a shoulder mount, hang it on the shoulder, knapsack. on both shoulders. We conveniently grab the trimmer by the handles: the D-shaped handle needs to be tightly wrapped around the palm of your hand, and the garden trimmer with the bicycle handle (U-shaped) should be held firmly with both hands. The trimmer must be held above the grass so that the spool with fishing line or knife is parallel to the ground. Turn on the start.
4. How to mow. The rotation of the cutting mechanism occurs counterclockwise. Thus, in order for the cut grass to fall on the already mowed area, easily, with simple movements, we carry out the trimmer in front of us, from right to left. To remove the rest of the grass, you should make a movement to another side. from left to right. If the area is even and large, break it into imaginary squares and mow, moving along the outside of such a square. If the site is on a slope, then you need to start mowing from the bottom of the lawn, passing across the site. in one side. Having reached the edge, you need to go back and mow in the same direction, in parallel. If there are a lot of trees on the site, mow only with fishing line, otherwise you can cut the tree trunk with a knife. In such a garden, it is best to mow around the perimeter, bypassing the tree in a circle.
5. Shutdown. Turn off the engine and remove the shoulder straps. this is not a complete shutdown. It is necessary to carefully clean the spool and knife from the remnants of grass. Then fold the trimmer if it is telescopic or collapsible and hide it until the next mowing.
The fishing line also has its secrets.
The fishing line is wound around the spool inside the reel, and its tips are exposed. When mowing, the spool rotates, and the line, with this rotation, cuts off the grass. To release the tips you need to lightly tap the coil on the ground (semi-automatic system), there are automatic reels in which the fishing line is released by itself. When working with fishing line there are also several rules:
In order not to damage the fishing line and reel. Try not to touch the reel and fishing line of various solid materials. paths, borders, fences. From this fishing line is prematurely shortened, the coil may be damaged or even jam the engine. The spool with fishing line should also not touch the ground.
Mowing with tips is more efficient. If you mow the entire length of the fishing line, you can overload the engine. In addition, this reduces the efficiency of mowing. The tool must be held so that it mows only the ends of the fishing line. To do this, tilt it forward. towards mowing.
Tall grass requires several mowing. If the grass is above 20 centimeters, then one mowing will not do here. Need to mow two to three times, from top to bottom. This is done so that the grass does not wrap around the reel. Wound grass is a guaranteed overheating of the engine. If the grass is still wound, you need to stop the tool and clean it.
The fishing line ran away and hid in a reel. This option when working happens if you did not release the line from the reel on time. After all, the line when mowing is erased and shortened. If you do not have time to release it, then stop the engine, turn off the tool from the network, and then disassemble the spool and pass the ends of the fishing line into the desired holes.
What does the consumption of fishing line depend on? It must be remembered that the line wears out faster if the grass is tough. Therefore, you need to release it more often when mowing weeds and dry hard grass. Around the foundation of the house, near the wall and the curb, the consumption of fishing line will also be greater than directly on the lawn or near trees. It is worth considering: if you work carefully and accurately, the consumption of trimmer line will be optimal and economical.