Clamp for metal. all types of milling mills for milling machine
When performing milling on the machine, a cutting toothed tool is used. a mill. A wide range of works carried out on milling machines is explained by the versatility of the equipment and the diverse of the tool in design, size and method of its feed.
Frases for metal
The peculiarity of whole mills in their excellent balancing, they are used to perform tasks of increased accuracy. Most of the whole parts used in the manufacture of complex profiles are treated with milling. The work takes place on the milling cutters located in the plane of rotation. Processing steel blanks is carried out by composite cutters.
Cutting cutters for metal are used to process the steel of medium hardness and cast iron. They are installed on universal and equipped CNC milling machines.
Cutters meet the requirements of GOST, but in some cases they can be ordered according to the individual drawing for the required tasks. Its diameter varies from 50 to 315 mm with a disk thickness from 1 to 6 mm.
A cutting tool made of fast.cutting steel can be used when pulling out grooves on parts made of steel of different brands.
Carular sales cutters are used to carry out work on hardened steel. removal of the lines from whole cast preparations, for processing seams on the component details of welding of welding.
The names of the cutter correspond to the shape of the working head. All types of working heads are also divided along the corner of the bevel of the cutting surface. They can replace a grinding disk and shank in the work. The carbide plates have increased efficiency in work, and their service life is much higher than the fast.speed.
On horizontal milling equipment, cylindrical incisors with straight and screw teeth are used. Accordingly, the same species will have the carbular plates of the cutting edge. Direct cutters are used in the processing of narrow surfaces. The screw.toothed ones have a smooth move, which gives more accurate processing parameters.
If it is necessary to process the part with the angle of inclination of the tool creating maximum pressure on the axis, so as not to damage the part, double milling cutters with counter.directed teeth are used.
This allows you to evenly distribute the load on the axis. In the process of cutting a double cutter, the cutting edge of one element is blocked by the edge of the oncoming.
Thanks to this, there is no hint on the finished detail that it was processed not entirely, but a compound tool.
The end ones are used to process the part, which must be given a complex relief with bulges, smooth transitions from one element to another and concave surface lines. End milling mills with cylindrical and conical tailings are produced.
The end cutter is used to form deep grooves, ledges and contour recesses on the case of parts. The main cutting of this group of tools are the edges of the teeth located on the cylinder. Auxiliary end in this type of work are protecting the bottom of the groove. The choice of the diameter of the cutter is selected 1/10 mm less from the required groove width.
A cutting tool for milling machines on manual and semi-automatic control mode equipped with a CNC system and milling and corporal equipment is used.
The conical shank gives a greater stiffness of fastening in the spindle.
The creation of a complex object of the object is due to this in compliance with the error of the machines laid in the design, on which this cutting tool is used.
Outwardly, the end drill is resembled. But only a small part of the end mills has a cutting element of the lower head. The main processing edges are located on the faces of the tool spirally twisted around the axis.
- processing of the end or lateral outer plane;
- creation of a figure contour of the part from a rectangular or flat workpiece;
- melting to the required size of the holes created by another metal tool.
The corner is necessary to create an angular groove and the edge of an inclined and bended plane. On 1-ugly cutters, cutting plates are located vertically along the conical body and on its end. 2-uglys are distinguished by the location of 2 cutting edges on interacting adjacent buildings. Most often, these cutters are used in the production of milling tools.
Small corner belongs to the end group, it is equipped with a shank. The thickness of its cut is uneven. the minimum value of the rotation axis, the maximum in the diameter of the created circle, in the cutting top of the tooth.
The changes in the cutting angle are reflected in the uneven heating of the tool, which quickly disables it. Sleeping the teeth through one slightly reduce heating. To extend the service life, it is advisable to twist the top of the teeth.
Unlike the end, the detachment is used in processing only in a straight line. Disk cut mills are used to separate the performed part from the general piece of material.
If necessary, disk cutting can be used to cut grooves and grooves, they can also be made by a through income on a milling universal machine or equipped CNC.
Disk ones are created to carry out cast iron processing and medium steel steel.
Forsic Nosadny mills
In accordance with GOST cutters, end nozzles are made two types. with a small and large tooth. Diameter 40-50 mm involves fastening it on a longitudinal veneer. Tools 63-100 mm in diameter are attached to the end ven. End nozzle can be right.winging and left.handed.
If necessary, large.toothed cutters may have an uneven distribution around the circumference of the cutting elements.
In the manufacture, the choice of the direction of teeth responsible for the side, which will be cut, is selected in accordance with the production necessity, a feature in the processing of a particular type of details and a constructive feature of milling machines.
Cutting plates with mechanical fastening can be used in round and five.sided end cuts. Small.tooth are equipped with inserting knives with tips from carbide plates.
Thin-applied end for processing flat blanks on vertically milling machines.
Only the tops of the teeth, the end cutting of the edges perform auxiliary work, the main cutting function falls on the side elements.
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For processing parts with curved complex contours, shaped disk mills are used. They are used for a narrow circle of work and can be:
- semicircular convex;
- semicircular concave;
- Their peculiarity is that the cutting teeth are not located around the circumference, but only on its separate part.
- Mountable mill
- With a large scatter of external diameters, the size of the internal landing hole remains unchanged. D = 22 mm.
A group of shade is divided into 2 types. with tilted and sharp teeth. Both types are used to process parts with a disproportionate ratio of length to width.
The difference in processing lies in the fact that the taped zero external angle and the positive rear. It is more convenient for sharpening, does not require additional devices, but you can’t call it processing with a finish. The most pure accurate processing is given by an acute.toothed tool.
But to maintain it in proper working condition for sharpening, a copyright will be required.
It has its own area of application and assembly style tool. Some of its cutting edges with a simple form make up a complex curve. A similar design of the milling cutter is used to process the railway wheel pair, as well as other complex monolithic shapes of metal. In the grooves of the case, 2 adjacent rails with attached carbide plates are attached.
Shlitzer or worm is used to cut teeth into a shaft or gear gear or a slotted joint on a side profile. Swling mills are a whole group of tools with a different location of the teeth along the circle of the disk or only on the cylindrical surface. They differ in the method of attaching cutting elements.
Why are cutting mills for metal intended
Frases are a cutting part, which is used paired with a power tool. As an electric tool, a milling mill is used. Another name for the milling plants. bores and balls. The main purpose of the nozzles under consideration is to, in the process of mechanical exposure, get the details of the necessary sizes and forms.
The milling cutter is a nozzle consisting of two main parts. a shank and a working area. The shank is needed to attach the nozzle to the milling machine, and the working part is included in direct contact with the workpiece processed. The working area is equipped with sharp teeth, through which a layer of metal is removed from the processed workpiece.
The shape of the working part affects the result, so manufacturers produce mills for metal metal. The types of nozzles are classified by appearance and purpose. They are used in the following areas:
- Automotive industry and engineering. serve for the manufacture of different holes, grooves and other recesses in the constituent details and mechanisms of future cars
- Production of various equipment and tools
- Energy and construction
- Court production
- Railway transport
In the farm, the cutters for metal are extremely rare, but if necessary, they can always apply a ball for a drill.
You can not only get different types of holes and excavations in the workpieces, but also clean the welding joints, increase the edges, smooth the edges, clean the surfaces in hard.to.reach places. Such nozzles are especially popular not only in industry, but also among masters involved in the manufacture of various metal structures.
It is interesting! Cutters are not intended for use with drifts and screwdrivers, but many are actively used for other purposes. The main disadvantage of using the milling cutter is that the tool electric motor experiences strong lateral loads, and at the same time quickly fails. You can use nozzles with a cylindrical type of shank on a drill.
What are the nozzles from and what are the types of milling
All types of cutters have cutting edges through which metal is processed. The teeth are in contact with the metal, cutting off the layers of different thicknesses. To achieve this effect, it is important to make nozzles from high.strength materials. For the manufacture of milling plants, such types of materials are used:
For processing high.strength materials, milling cutters are used with diamond spraying. The use of quality materials affects the cost of equipment, so good mills will never cost cheaply. Low.quality nozzles are made of cheap alloys, which eventually reflects on the service life of the equipment. That is why, before buying metal cutters, you need to pay attention to the manufacturer, as well as the presence of a quality certificate confirming the authenticity of the product.
By design, the nozzles in question are classified into three main types:
- Welded. the connection of the working part (incisor) and the shank is achieved by means of a welding seam
- Solid. made by casting the finished product
- Prefabricated. they are also called collapsible. Their main advantage is that when dulling the teeth of the cutting part, it can be replaced
Welded and whole mills for metal are made of different materials. a shank of one material, and the working part of another more durable. The national teams are also made of different materials, and their main difference from welded and whole is that the working part can be replaced as worn out. The combination of prefabricated mills with the tail part is carried out in different ways, from which the corresponding connectors are used. bolts, wedges or screws.
It is interesting! Collected metal cutters are more expensive than whole and welded. The cheapest are welded bores, since their main drawback is that they have a weak place. welding compound. Welded balls are a great option for home use.
Types by the number of visits
Depending on the number of visits, cutters are divided into several varieties:
It is important to pay attention to this parameter during the choice and purchase of products, since it is one of the decisive.
Classification according to the method of deleting chips
Depending on the method of removal of the chips, two types of mills are distinguished: upper and lower.
The upper type of collapse removal is characteristic of the terminal type milling. In this case, these working elements are curled. In the process of rotation, cutters cut the working edge from the bottom up, respectively, and the chips go upward upwards. The negative characteristics of this type of device include the fact that the user has to regularly remove the chips, since it accumulates on the surface of the part and interferes with the review.
- The lower type of milling is also called compression. This is due to the fact that the detail has the reverse type of curling. Accordingly, during the production process, the working edge cuts the material from top to bottom, pressing the workpiece of the base. The chips from the cutting zone are directed down. The positive characteristics of this type of element include the fact that the chips are removed immediately under the detail and does not fall into the immediate cutting zone. In addition, the outgoing material is quite easy to remove, putting the workplace in order.
How to choose?
The choice of metal cutters can cause difficulties in an inexperienced user. Therefore, professionals advise focusing on the diameter of the product, its cutting teeth and their location, a shank that helps to place a drill in a drill cartridge and securely fix it.
The material of manufacture and the quality of sharpening also plays an important role. If the operation of the electric drill is supposed, we must not forget that it is intended for manual use, so the drills used in special machines are not suitable for.
If a prefabricated type tool is required, it is necessary to check how well the cutting element is fixed. The ration of the product is most often used, in this case, the plates are reliably adversely adhere to the surface, otherwise they will simply fly out in the process of work.
Sharpening quality is also a fundamental factor. Not only performance is directly connected with it, but also how well the work will be done. Manufacturers often try to develop a unique sharpening technology, but experts say that standard schemes are the most preferable.
Manufacturing material also affects various indicators. This is the life of the instrument, and the quality of work, and their performance. If we are talking about one.time work, the requirements are not so high here. In this case, the use of an integral element for which the steel of one brand was used is optimal.
In a situation where the tool is planned to be used quite often, it is better to make a choice in favor of a more expensive, which has teeth made of carbide plates.
Some users are trying to save. To do this, they make a drill-fraise on their own using improvised means. However, it must be borne in mind that such a tool is suitable exclusively for elementary tasks. There is no need to count on a particularly high.quality result in this case.
What to look for
Before choosing a suitable mill for metal, you need to pay attention to such nuances:
- Manufacturer. It is advisable to buy mills of famous brands that have already managed to prove themselves well in the market. The use of such an approach to determining the necessary tool makes it possible to avoid problems associated with the premature completion of the operational period of sharpening.
- On the principle of action of the mechanism. The milling cutter should be selected under the milling mill with the adoption of its quality and variety.
- The device of internal fastening. Together with the quality of the cutting element itself, you need to take into account the possible correspondence of the cutter and the hand.hand machine, and the veneer that can most qualitatively ensure the good contact of the base of the rotating cartridge with the installed tool.
- The quality of the work performed largely depends on the size of the cutting cutter, the speed and ease of interaction with the blanks. Therefore, it is advisable to choose cutters, which are a normal optimal of the above parameters.
Selection of metal cutters also requires additional verification. One of the important criteria for determining the quality of the tool is its sharpening. The cutting part will work better if it is quite acute.
The cost of the master’s time will be largely reduced when carrying out milling work. The material from which the cutting edge is created also requires special attention during the choice of the milling.
In the manufacture, the temperature of the potion is of great importance. The strength of well.hardened milling mills causes absolutely no doubt. When processing metal blanks, it is best to use specially manufactured mills of carbide materials. Such tools, one might say, are the only ones suitable for processing stainless steel, cast iron, as well as titanium.
You can look at how to prepare the perfect milling cutter at
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Sample of grooves and quarters
To choose a groove for the plate of the blanks or its edge (end), you can use parallel emphasis, as when inserting door locks. But you can make a special device that facilitates the process, if you need to select grooves in a large number of identical wood parts. What does the groove device look like, shown in the following figure.
This device is set up simply:
- The unit is installed on the site of the device;
- The whole structure is superimposed on the workpiece;
- Using parallel guides, the straight groove cutter is centered on the markup;
- After setting up the depth of equipment immersion (usually several passes are required), the grooves are manufactured.
To choose a quarter in a wooden workpiece, use a groove cutter with a bearing.
As a guide for equipment, the edge (end) of the workpiece serves. The instrument is clamped in the unit tsang, after which the height of the immersion is set and the quarter is selected in the usual way.
The choice of a quarter is not the only function of this equipment. With its help, you can select a groove along the edge of the workpiece and make a downted board. The depth of the groove is regulated by the change of stubborn bearings of various diameters.
For the manufacture of a dodgy board in large volumes, you need to fasten the milling cutter to the table.
Connection spike and swallow tail
There are many complex devices to create a spike-paz connection. But if the production of wood products is not put on the stream, then the connection of the spike-paz using a hand cutter can be made in a simple way.
- The part on which the spike will be cut out should already have a final size. When marking, add the length of the spike to the length of the part. For example, for the legs of tables and chairs there will be enough spike length 30-40 mm, and for doors-55-70 mm. Using the square, make markings on the edge of the workpiece.
- Take a hacksaw for metal and make small cuts (these will be the spike shoulders).
- Prepare the cutter of the “barrel” and fix it in the tsang of the apparatus. With its help, a spike compound will be created.
- Fasten the workpiece on the workbench, and perpendicular to secure the second part of the same thickness (will be the role of the support for the sole of the milling machine).
- Further, it is necessary to set the size of the cutter relative to the site of the unit. If the spike is located exactly in the center of the workpiece, then the departure of the tool should be such that after turning the part and the second passage you get the thickness of the spike corresponding to the width of the groove. The width of the groove, in turn, depends on the diameter of the groove cutter. This size should begin the calculation of the entire connection.
- After you have decided on the depth of immersion of the tool and put up the limiter, you can start sample the spike. Turn on the unit and begin to mill the workpiece, but in stages, deepening each time into the material by 3 mm.
- When the required depth is achieved, stop the device and turn the workpiece over.
- Continue the sample of the spike described above. As a result, you will get a rectangular spike. But, since the groove will have rounding from the cutter along the edges, then on the slap it will be necessary to cut off the corners. You can do this with a knife or on a sharpener.
How the groove is chosen, it was discussed in detail above. If you need to make a spike-puzzle along the entire length or width of the workpiece, then it is not necessary to round the angles of the spike.
To make a spike connection of a swallow tail, use a special device.
On the milling cutter, the “Lastochkin” tail cutter is installed, as well as a copy.headed sleeve with sides for better positioning in the slotting slots.
After clamping the template and the workpiece, milling is carried out according to general rules.
The groove connection is also used in the manufacture of the lining. Only to make a lining, you must have a set of 2 mills. One mill selects a groove on the edge of the part, and the other makes a spike.
To make a phylenka, the edge of which is a spike, and cut the groove in the facade frame, also use a set of milling.
Choosing milling for metal processing
For milling of planes, end and cylindrical mills are usually used. The diameter of the end cutter is selected depending on the width of the milling. When processing the metal with end cutters, the choice should be made in favor of an asymmetric cutting scheme.
The milling of the planes is made in the following sequence:
- Under the rotating cutter, the workpiece is brought to a small touch with the processed surface;
- The table is diverted and turned off the rotation of the spindle of the machine;
- set the required depth of cutting;
- include spindle rotation;
- the table with the workpiece is moved manually until touching the milling cutter.
When choosing a cylindrical cutter, its length should be 10 15 mm larger than a given processing width, and its diameter is selected depending on the depth of cutting and milling width. When performing black metal milling, the accuracy of the achieved sizes usually corresponds to the 11th and 12th qualities, during finishing processing-8th and 9th. In rare cases-for example, when there is a thin milling of metal to order, you can get dimensions with the 6th and 7th qualities of accuracy. The processed surface may have a roughness parameter that will fluctuate from RZ 80 μm to RA 0.63 μm.
When using milling cutters with inserting knives, which have black and finishing incisors fixed in the housings, you can get the roughness parameter RZ 5 2.5 μm. Gleeding incisors in this case are set below the black ones by the size of the distance, equal depth of the final processing of the metal. Can be installed in the milling cutter of both the final cutter and several.
End cutters are used in milling vertical and small horizontal planes (ledges). They can also be used to process grooves and grooves of various shapes. In end milling cutting blades are located on the end and on a cylindrical forming tool. The use of milling sets when milling planes makes it possible to increase the performance of the process. This set is a group of mills that are installed and fixed on one mandrel.
Turning metal is performed using special machines and tools.
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Processing is carried out on milling machines, which are designed to milling the surfaces of the covers, levers, strips, brackets and simple configuration buildings; various contours of complex configuration (such as templates, fists, etc.P.); surfaces of corps parts. The technological characteristics of the milling plants of the milling group are determined by the layout, design, class of accuracy of the machine and the technical features of the CNC system.
CNC metal milling is highly performance and makes it possible to obtain the surface of the correct geometric shape as a result of processing. Cutters that are equipped with modern cutting materials (mineral cooramics, synthetic superhand) allow you to process materials hardened to high hardness. In this case, milling can replace grinding.
Milling machines are divided into two main types: general.purpose machines and specialized. The first type includes machines such as console, naiven, longitudinal-milling and continuous milling machines (drum or carousel). The second type of machine tools includes dentisting, copy-milling, thread-cutting, stilers, dumping-milling, and others are included. Sarmarm of machines can differ in the size of the workpiece or the area of the working surface of the table.
Metal processing with milling outside production premises (in the garage, at the cottage, etc.P.) can be performed with a special tool. manual milling. It is a small manual portable electrical device. Metal milling with manual milling cancer can be used in the processing of long sheets and pipes with a diameter of 180 mm. For example, you can process the end surfaces or finish the edges for welding.
DIY milling milling cutter: how to make a home.made hand mill
Real masterful people constantly lack tools. Specialists of the road and are not always needed on the farm. Is it possible to adapt existing units to create fundamentally new? One such example will be considered. We will make another useful device. with our own hands from a long time and successfully working corner grinding, without violating its functionality.
Production does not require something special. We will prepare for work the necessary materials and tools:
- A small corner grinder with a circle of 125 mm;
- A tuning span of 180 mm 20-25 cm long, or a sheet of iron 5 mm thick;
- Cutting disk;
- Cleaning disk;
- Cord-maker on an angular grinder with a metal pile;
- Round crown with a diameter of 40 mm for drilling holes;
- Emulsion cooler;
- 10 cm of a square pipe 2525 mm and 50cm profile 2020 mm;
- 2 elongated nuts and 2 conventional with a diameter of 8 mm, 2 bolts 840 mm;
- A piece of sheet gland with a thickness of 1-1.5 mm;
- A cartridge for a drill 1.5-13 mm with a threaded connection;
- Tap M14;
- Clamping bolts with lambs 820 mm. 2 pcs., 2 nuts for 8 mm.
- Drill at 8 and 10 mm;
- 2 bolts 810 mm.
How to make a milling mill
For the manufacture of a portable milling machine for wood and faner, you need not so many spare parts and tools. We take the basis for your favorite corner grinder, collect for it the mount with the sole. On this mount, it moves vertically up and down, adjusting the depth of the equipment immersion.
Making Machine for cutting steel
Make a sole
We make a sole for a home.made hand cutter from a sheet of iron about 5 mm thick to ensure the rigidity of the structure.
Good metal goes to manufacture a beam of an I.beam, so you can cut them out the central part. Having cut off a piece of about 1225 cm in size, thoroughly grind it with a cord-base, holding it in a vice.
For a pre.made pattern, mark the plate with chalk to obtain a symmetrical pattern.
Clutching a vice, we aim and carefully cut out the metal with a cutting disk without going beyond the marked contours of the figure. The disk is useful to bring the markup. it easily copes with 5 mm metal. As a result. a neatly cut part. She will be a reliable basis of our apparatus.
Make a mount for a corner grinder
Using the crown, it is necessary to drill a hole with a diameter of 4 cm in the remaining part of the metal plate. This is done by a pedorator in drilling mode.
The metal is quite thick, therefore, so as not to “plant” the crown, periodically pour the coolant-lubricating-coolering liquid. This is simply an emulsion of water and oil. We press the part with a clamp. We carry out the work on a wooden substrate.
A minute of drilling and in the hands a thick puck with wide fields, and in the product. a flat hole.
Another pattern with a complex pattern. This is the basis for fastening the angular grinder to our foundation. Cut off all unnecessary and it turns out a bizarre part. After processing as an abrasive, she takes finished features. We adjust the hole for the protruding fixed part of the angular grinder motor-reducer. Now this is the basis of fastening. We finalize the spare part by cutting the protruding unnecessary ledges.
Next, we begin the manufacture of brackets for the vertical movement of the tool. To do this, pre.prepared parts of square pipes are useful. Large will move at least. Tubes 2020, in turn, will become guides.
Cut 2 thin tubes 2020 mm on the cutting machine, 25-30 cm long, so that the cartridge with a long cutter and a sufficient distance to adjust the height of the tool climb.
As a slide, there will be a pair of pipe segments 2525 mm 3-5 cm long. On one side, a hole with a diameter of 10 mm should be drilled on one side and weld the nut by 8 mm.
Now, when twisting the bolt, the salad will become rigidly into a bell-bar with a guide pipe.
We collect the main parts of the structure on the tacks:
Gently scald the guide brackets, attaching tightly to the sole of the unit. The main thing here is not to overheat the thin metal of the tube, otherwise it will lead it, and the salaes will not move freely along the guides.
Now we reliably weld the clamp the angular grinder to two pipe segments serving for vertical movement. But this clamp will fully work fully only after the manufacture of the latch. We make it in the following way:
- We cut out in the middle with the formation of 5 mm of the interval;
- On the one hand, we weld an elongated nut on the one hand, on the other, the usual. The thin nut is pre.drilled with a large drill for the free stroke of the bolt, holding the structure in a vice. Now the twisted bolt will reliably fix the corner grinder for the protruding part of the gearbox in an upright position. We have a tool to move the tool.
The next procedure is the preparation of the mounting ears under the holes of the gearbox body. Made of thin metal 1-1.5 mm.
The elongated oval is drawn by the marker, on the one hand the hole under the bolt is drilled. Details are bent diagonally in a vice with careful tapping of a hammer.
The lower part of the ear is welded to the manufactured structure of the latch, the upper one is screwed to the gearbox body.
The main part of the entire milling device is ready. It remains to attach the cartridge, assemble and configure the product.
The cartridge is taken by the most common. The diameter of the closed drill or cutter depends on the power of the angular grinder engine and tasks set. Suitable with a shutter of a clamp 1.5-13 mm. The only nuance is the threaded planting of the cartridge.
Most likely, neither the diameter of the hole, nor the step of the thread will coincide with that on the corner grinder. We select the M14 tap. Immediately wind up a clamping washer and convinced of the absence of a backlash. the step matches.
Cut the thread and wind up the cartridge on the corner grinding spindle. As a result. a finished product for mounting a cutter.
Collect the product
Stain and dry all the details of the assembly. We collect ready.made spare parts for an angular grinder, firmly clamping the gearbox in mounting:
- We put on the fastener on the head of the gearbox, firmly twist. We combine additionally with bolts with fastening for stiffness.
- Insert the cutter into the cartridge, firmly fix it.
- Set the base and put on the resulting tool with sleds.
- Adjust the height of the tool with bolt of the salary.
Stages of the technological process
But still in most cases, milling involves the use of mechanical devices. First of all, the blanks are neatly brought to the working area. The milling mill at this moment should already rotate. After leaving the table, the spindle is turned off and again turned on only after setting the desired depth of the cut. The next step is the table eyeliner with the product mounted on it to the docking with the milling cutter.
It was possible to characterize even the foundations for beginners in full, only in general the textbook could. However, some tips may be given here. Cylindrical cutters are suitable only for those that are 10-15 mm longer than the processed product. The section of the tool is selected in accordance with the thickness and width of the cut.
End mills should be used in cases where it is required to reduce the noise level.
Mills, including milling workers, must comply with safety requirements. Yes, at home you can not keep magazines, but all the more important self.discipline. At the workplace, it must be clean.
Ideally, there are only:
Before starting work, you should check if the machine is working. It is launched in idle, gradually raising the moment. 2-3 minutes of the run are enough to check, and when stopping, they look at how reliable the brakes are.
The workpiece and equipment must be attached very stable. The workpieces of the workpiece should be as close as possible to the processed surface, since the load is the largest there. Violation of this rule threatens either with a shift and corruption of the workpiece, or even the injury of the operators themselves.
Individual protective equipment should certainly be used. This is primarily about protective glasses, but overalls are also absolutely necessary. You must always monitor the density of the fit of the cuffs to the wrists. The sequence of executable work on technology must be observed strictly. You can change the cutting equipment and the processed part only when the machine is turned off.
The eyeliner to the cutter should be smooth (in order to avoid a blow). The milling mode should be selected taking into account the necessary pace of rotation of the spindle and the depth of the cut. Soft aluminum is usually treated at a speed of 1,500 turns per minute. When manipulating with solid instrumental steel, the pace is reduced to 600 revolutions.
The dimensions of the cutting part are selected in accordance with the processed area. The most effective help will provide special literature here.
The technical condition of the machine must be controlled constantly. When the work is over, all the main parts should be cleaned. Flowing garbage and waste is unacceptable. it is necessarily sweeping with brushes and brushes. The oil spots are removed with a cloth impregnated with kerosene. Working with cutters with a diameter of more than 10 mm is most convenient with the help of a revolving stop. When working, especially with a parallel emphasis, the milling cutter inevitably pulls to the side, and you will just have to take into account this circumstance.