Gypsum tile is a material that is common and in demand in our time. It is widely used for repairs. But what are the features of gypsum tile and how to lay it with your own hands?
You can use gypsum tiles to decorate rooms where normal humidity prevails. This material absorbs moisture very quickly, so it is not suitable for decorating a kitchen or bathroom.
Wallpaper made of stone is a great opportunity to focus on certain areas of the room. Typically, gypsum material is produced just in the form of a brick or wild stone. You can choose the option that suits your wishes and needs.
Use of gypsum tiles is appropriate in the following cases:
- the material is suitable for small rooms, because it is very thin, so the valuable area will not be reduced;
- it is the best option for creating a background that will emphasize the beauty of the fireplace, picture, furniture or TV;
- it is a suitable option for cladding the entire surface of the walls.
Thanks to the design in the form of imitation of wild or torn stone, the interior becomes more dynamic and presentable.
Such material looks unsurpassed if:
- the faced wall represents an independent detail of the general decor of the room;
- it is necessary to decorate the spacious square rectangular shape.
Be sure to take into account the moment that concerns the choice of shade of the material. Light gypsum tiles can visually increase the space. Dark material is appropriate only if you have a spacious room. The highlight will be a contrasting combination of different colors, because such decisions radically transform the interior for the better.
Pros and cons
This material has both advantages and weaknesses.
It’s worth starting with the advantages of gypsum tile:
- light weight of the material makes it possible to clad not too thick partitions and walls;
- gypsum tile is suitable for finishing almost any surface;
- It is very easy to process the material in different ways;
- gypsum tile withstands both too low and too high temperatures;
- the material contains no components that could harm human health;
- the cost of gypsum is very affordable;
- you can create similar material even with your own hands.
Thanks to these strengths, the tiles are used for repairs in different rooms.
However, it has certain disadvantages, which are also worth mentioning:
- work with the material carefully because it is too fragile;
- gypsum tile is afraid of exposure to high levels of humidity;
- the material is not suitable for repair work outside the room.
The disadvantages of this material did not affect its prevalence and popularity. People are increasingly choosing in his favor, because with it you can quickly and efficiently carry out repair and construction work.
Video: How to Cut Brick Gypsum Tiles
How to make a tile with your own hands?
If you decide to create a stone with your own hands, it is worth choosing the right matrix. There are forms of polyurethane and silicone. Silicone molds are considered more affordable, while the latter are a more versatile option.
A mold for making tiles can be done with your own hands. You can cope with such work in 24 hours. The basis will be a sample of stone, since the matrix must absolutely exactly fit its dimensions.
When the form is ready, it is poured with liquid polyurethane with a special hardener. Before pouring the mixture, clean the mold. It is better to lubricate it in advance with agents that contain fat so that the solutions do not stick to its surface.
The next step is to fill the solution.
To create the optimal composition, mix the following ingredients:
- one part slaked lime;
- six parts of gypsum;
- water (1: 0.7);
- add color if necessary.
The components must be mixed very quickly, since the gypsum instantly sets. Pour the liquid mass into the prepared mold and use a spatula to level its surface. The solution should be consumed immediately, as it is suitable for single use.
Dry gypsum tiles also need to be correct. Before pouring, it is worth exposing the forms on a flat surface. Then they are left for about 20 minutes to set the mixture. However, to completely dry the stone, do not touch it for 24 hours.
It is possible to avoid the appearance of defects on the tile if it is completely leveled. Thus, all air bubbles exit the solution structure. When the tile dries, it must be removed from the mold and additionally dried. But be extremely careful, as this fragile material is very easy to damage.
Thanks to such simple tips, you can create a tile with your own hands without spending money on its purchase. Cope with the work is not as difficult as it may seem. The main thing is to strictly follow these recommendations in order to get the highest quality material.
What to fix?
In order to attach this material to a selected surface, glue is suitable.
In the process, it is worth following simple and useful tips:
- tile can only be glued on flat and dry surfaces that are pre-treated with soil;
- the back side of gypsum plaster is also subject to priming;
- it is necessary to wait until the base and tile have dried completely;
- it is necessary to cut decorative material with a hacksaw, adhering to an angle of 45 degrees. This is a fragile tile, which must be handled with extreme care;
- gluing gypsum tiles is necessary with the help of solutions, the consistency of which is not too liquid;
- it is necessary to lay the material starting from the upper corner, gradually moving down;
- make sure that glue does not get on the front surface of the material;
- laying under the brick is performed with a slight offset.
If you follow these simple tips, you can quickly and efficiently complete all the work.
It is possible to lay gypsum plaster on different bases. We will examine in more detail the features of each option.
If we are talking about such a surface, it is necessary to prepare it in advance for further work. Those elements that are weakly held are removed from the masonry. It is also necessary to get rid of excessive amounts of solution. It is necessary to wash and dry the surface, as well as treat it with an antiseptic and fixing agent.
Plaster tiles can be attached to such a surface using:
- a special adhesive composition on a polymer gypsum base is a tool that will allow you to reliably fix the material on the surface without plaster. But it’s worth adding a little 10% PVA to the glue so that the properties of water absorption become better;
- adhesive mastic. a solution that is very difficult to apply with a thin layer;
- cement mortar. they are very easy to prepare, and they dry out long enough.