If you have a 1.5-2 kW electric motor, a gearbox, then you can easily make a cultivator with your own hands in just a day or two. As seen in this simple helper
DIY motor cultivator: where to start and how to make
The main parts of a homemade cultivator are a gearbox and an engine. First of all, we make the frame of the future cultivator, drill holes for installing the main units, and make handles for controlling the unit from two curved pipes with a diameter of 32 mm. Between the homemade handles, it is necessary to put another pipe, which will be like a spacer for us, increasing the strength of the structure. We will subsequently install a trigger button to one of the handles.
For the manufacture of the shaft, I used unnecessary scrap, welded an asterisk to it from the camshaft of a VAZ engine, and scalded the chain and both sprockets with metal, making a cover.
I connected a three-phase motor according to the standard "triangle" scheme, place the capacitor starter button on the handle to make it more convenient.
DIY cultivator: a selection
For a complete picture of what awaits you after you decide to make a motor-cultivator with your own hands, you can look at the selection with a home-made unit.
Suppose you have a land plot. You want to cultivate it with a cultivator that you don’t have. Otherwise, you just wouldn’t have come here. You probably want to make such a unit yourself for some reason you know, whether it’s a lack of money for a factory motor-cultivator, or just an interest in making such a machine yourself. In this case, you are lucky, if you have an electric motor for 1.5-2 kW, a gearbox, then you can easily make a cultivator with your own hands in just a day or two.
Additional tips and tricks
During any work in the workshop, it is necessary comply with all safety measures. First of all, it is necessary to protect the eyes, especially when working with welding, regardless of its type.
In arc welding, not only the intensity of light resulting from the burning of the arc is dangerous, but also the dross that occurs at the site of a frozen weld. over, it can break off spontaneously, during the cooling of the metal, flying out to a great height.
It is also a bad idea to knock down a hot viburnum with a hammer in the direction "towards you", because it can get not only in the eyes, but also on open skin and behind the collar, in the hair. Therefore, they must be closed first.
When working with gas welding, heating the metal for processing or cutting with it is necessary use gloves and face shields – work is carried out at high temperatures. Also, remember that oxygen creates an explosive mixture when it comes into contact with oil – no spark is needed to detonate this mixture.
DIY cultivator: how to make a manual ripper and make a flat cutter and a ripper – tips and instructions
Cultivation is loosening the soil, which has already been processed earlier, with cutting of weeds and other plants harmful to the crop.
Cultivation helps to improve the water and air regimes of the soil, thereby increasing its fertility and the possibility of planting complex and demanding plants, such as sunflowers, on it.
Weeding between rows is a very important process in gardening. It helps to loosen the soil, remove weeds and allows beneficial plants to develop a good root system.
And in order to constantly monitor the cleanliness of the vegetable garden and the good condition of the soil, you need a manual cultivator for giving for weeding with your own hands.
The best choice, in terms of inventory model, is perfect manual cultivator hedgehog It is very simple to make it with your own hands, and the benefits will be no less than from a tiller.
But, before using it, you should remember that this is a device to which you need to make efforts in order for it to work properly.
Also, when making such an inventory, it is necessary to take into account that, due to its small size, large stresses will arise in some parts – they should be strengthened before these parts break.
The main risk point is the connection between the shank holder and the rest of the structure.
In order to make the main working part of the product, you will need a steel, non-rusty pipe of small diameter, about 22 centimeters long, a steel rod, about the same diameter as the hole in the pipe, and a slightly longer length – 23-24 centimeters, as well as sturdy steel pins or fittings.
On the pipe strictly perpendicular pins are welded on several pieces around the circumference, in rows with a distance of several centimeters. Just do not make them too long, if you did not grind them to a conical shape – then it will be more difficult to work with such a product.
Next, you need to make a bracket from a metal strip in such a way that it has a bend margin. Holes are made at its edges, and a fastener under the handle is welded to the end, on the other side. Next, you just need to insert the axle, with a hedgehog on it, into the holes and fix it with welding or cotter pins.
The product is now ready for use. If necessary, you can add another bracket to it, facing downward, thus adding soil loosening to the weeding.
Today, agriculture is difficult to imagine without special mechanized agricultural technology. Not so long ago, farmers plowed the soil by hand, but technical progress does not stand still and its development has made it possible to significantly simplify life and preserve the health of summer residents. A huge number of mechanical devices have appeared that can significantly facilitate the implementation of work on processing and cultivating the soil. Electric tiller occupies a special place among such equipment. It is a versatile mechanical unit for plowing medium-sized soil.
Varieties of cultivators
All produced electric tillers are divided into three types:
Light cultivators are designed for cultivating loose soil in flower beds or greenhouses. Their weight is limited to 15 kg, so even women can cope with such electric dealers, because they are easy to operate and maneuverable. However, these cultivators give out a relatively small width and working depth, have little functionality and low productivity.
Medium power electric machines have a weight of 15 to 35 kg and are able to calmly process areas up to 30 hectares.
The most popular, powerful and, at the same time, expensive are heavy electric tillers, designed for plots of 30-50 acres. Their weight can reach 60 kg, which means that only strong and healthy men can cope with such cultivators. Such units are equipped with various attachments and are able to cultivate almost any land.
Best Electric Tiller Models
The best electric tillers and electric cultivators, according to users, have a power of at least 1500 watts. The list below will help you evaluate their merits and make a choice in favor of a particular electric model when buying.
- Daewoo DAT 2500E is a multifunctional electric tiller equipped with a powerful 2.5 kW engine with efficient cooling. The width of the cultivated strip of soil is 55 cm, the depth of cultivation is 28 cm.