Seat for a power tiller with his own hands
The processing of agricultural land involves quite labor-intensive work. Owners of private farms and vegetable gardens usually use manual labor or means of small-scale mechanization to make the process faster and easier.
Such a technical device as a single-axle tractor allows you to greatly simplify any agricultural work, which distinguishes it from other devices.
it is possible to use the single-axle tractor separately and attach a wide range of additional equipment to it.
Such devices as a mower, a harrow and a cultivator can significantly increase the potential range of works that a single-axle tractor can cope with.
In addition, it is possible to use a single-axle tractor as a means of transportation, if a special adapter is provided for it. Such a device allows you to sit quite comfortably on the seat, which it is equipped with, and then perform exactly the same work, but with a fair share of comfort.
In particular, it is possible to buy an adapter to the Neva power tiller with steering control in specialized stores, or to make it by your own hands. Fortunately, there are enough drawings on the Internet, which greatly simplifies the assembly process.
Attachments for power tillers with your own hands
The single-axle tractor is indispensable in today’s farming. Equipped with a variety of attachments, this machine can do literally everything, from ploughing potatoes to shoveling snow or cutting firewood. At the same time, motor blocks can be called universal with a great stretch: as a rule, the list of equipment, connected even to the most expensive models, is limited to 2-3 types of attachments. However, you do not have to be satisfied only with what the manufacturer offers. After all, almost any of the motor-block units that may be required for home or gardening, you can make your own.
Homemade attachments for power tillers
What to do if you already have a single axle tractor, and it is not possible to install factory-assembled attachments on it?? There is only one way out. to independently design the necessary functional unit, not relying on ingenuity of the manufacturer and the generosity of market players.
The list of attachments for power tillers is quite diverse. It includes:
- potato diggers, planters and potato planters; ;
- flat tines;
- seeders; sweeping brushes and snow blowers;
- water pumps;
- spraying pumps, etc.д.
Obviously, such a rich arsenal of attachments does not fit into any single set. We can only imagine how much it will cost in addition to the motor block to buy all the necessary equipment for the economy. Do not forget that in the market a truly universal engine blocks can be counted on the fingers. That is, equipment that is suitable for any particular model can seldom be connected to another. Fortunately, manufacturers still provide the possibility to modify produced power tillers, mainly due to additional attachments. These include:
- additional half-axles (hubs);
- weights (weights);
- transport carts and trailers;
- coulters (thrust arms);
- couplings, etc.
Any of these units can be made by yourself or taken from other models and adapted to your. But first of all you have to be sure that they are compatible. Engine power, dimensions and weight, method of connection, working loads, etc.д and you need to consider all this at the design stage, otherwise you risk wasting your energy and money.
Making a homemade trailer adapter
The adapter allows you to turn a single-axle tractor into a mini-tractor and maximize the automation of gardening work.
Its design includes:
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- metal frame;
- cross bar;
- wheel stanchions, axle and wheels;
- operator’s seat;
- dolly or trailer.
A simple frame for the adapter is made from round or rectangular metal pipe 1.5-1.7 m long. At one end, a drawbar (hitch) is welded to it. the element by which the structure will be attached to the towbar of the power tiller, and at the other end. a transverse bar, the width of which is chosen according to the width of the wheelbase of the latter. Wheel and drawbar stiffeners are welded to the boom to provide rigidity and cushioning when moving around the site. And the wheels can be taken from an ordinary garden cart or a car trailer.
As a rule, the connection between the adapter of the power tiller and the attachment is made by means of a single coupling. And the control of the functional units is made by a lever with 2 or 3 knobs, by switching them you can adjust the position of the attached implement. You can also use an additional lever to control the applied force. Finally, in the center of the cross bar you need to weld a metal “leg” on which you will place the operator’s seat.
The longer the drawbar adapter, the more powerful the single-axle tractor must be. The engine power of the latter also affects the choice of wheels, as well as the cross-section of the tube from which the frame will be made.
Disc coulter for tillers
The most convenient variant in operation is the disc coulter. It requires minimum physical effort, and with the reduction in speed the power increases, which has a positive impact on efficiency. Besides, the disk design of the hoe is characterized by its versatility. with such a tool you can perform agricultural work immediately after planting crops, as well as in the period of their intensive growth.
The design of the disc coulter includes:
The tappers are designed to adjust the angle of the discs. The latter determines the depth of the latter, as well as the force required to do the job. To make things easier for the operator, the weeder is equipped with plain bearings, which make it reliable and easy to use.
How to make a track on a single axle tractor with your own hands
If you want, you can independently modify your single-axle tractor, turning it into a tracked all-terrain vehicle or snowmobile. The main rule. you should take into account for what works are intended caterpillars to choose the right material, because they should not only be strong, but also extremely light.
Having available materials, properly calculating the length of the caterpillar, you can make it yourself with the help of unpretentious improvised means.
First of all, you need to equip your single-axle tractor with an extra pair of wheels. On each side pair a caterpillar tape will be put on.
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The length of each of the two tracks will be equal to the length of the circumference of one wheel and the distance between the axes of each pair of wheels, multiplied by two.
The material for self-made can serve:
So, let’s look at a few options for making your own track, depending on the material used.
From conveyor belt
This method is the easiest, because it does not require many special tools and auxiliary materials.
- Choosing a tape for the track, give preference to a strip with a thickness of at least 7 mm. because it has a sufficiently heavy load. A sleeve-roller chain will provide the coupling to the moving parts.
- To make the belt strong and increase its service life, it is recommended to stitch it around the edges with a fishing line with frequent stitches with a spacing of about 10 mm.
- It is also necessary to stitch the band at the ends to connect it into a ring of desired diameter, or use hinges resembling a piano canopy for greater reliability.
- Make sure that the extra wheel set you install on the frame of the power tiller is the same diameter as the main wheels on the power tiller.
From the tire
It’s easy enough to make a strong and durable track for your power tiller from a tire. The process of making from a car tire will not take too much time, because it does not need to be sewn and build up the grousers. the tire itself is a closed structure with a tread for traction.
The manufacturing process is divided into several stages:
- Using a very sharp knife soaked in soapy water to increase the cutting ability of the rubber, cut out a belt for the track of the required width.
- Cut the sides of the tire with an electric jigsaw with a fine-toothed saw.
- The rigid parts on the inside of the tire are also cut out with a knife or jigsaw.
But here, too, there are a few things to pay attention to:
- The tread pattern should be well defined, because its grooves are a kind of grousers, which increase the traction of the moving machine with the surface.
- The length of this track is limited by the diameter of the tire, so before you attach an extra pair of wheels, you should take this into account.
From belts and chains
In order to make a tracked all-terrain vehicle out of a motorblock, you can use ordinary belts with a wedge-shaped profile. Connection of the belts to each other is carried out by the primers attached to them on rivets or screws. That’s how we get the belt track.
To make a caterpillar out of chains (chain tracks), you need to take two pieces of the same chain of the right length.
- The end links of both segments are unfastened in order to connect them into two closed rings.
- The open links are re-clamped and then welded together for extra strength.
- Lengths are cut from steel of the right thickness, which will serve as a running track.
- Bolt the tracks to both ends of the links of the two closed chains to form a single axle tractor track in relief.
How to choose the right low-pressure rubber on a single axle tractor
Experienced machine owners give their advice and recommendations.
Choosing tires for a power tiller, it is necessary to necessarily and strictly
- Study the characteristics of the device, make measurements, so that the chosen tire fits fully. The right tire will be the key to the perfect performance of your motoblock;
- Decide on the type of work that will be performed on the technique, based on this already make a choice of wheels, and, accordingly, rubber for them;
- Determine the type of soil, and use this as a basis for choosing the type of tread. In some cases, tires from “Zhiguli” or “Oka” cars can be suitable. For softer, tougher soils, a tire with a better tread and a higher cross-country ability is the right choice, e.g. German 140 80 15 tires for motorcycles.
It is recommended first of all to pay attention to the following parameters when choosing tires for a single-axle tractor:
size, t. е. is the number that comes after the name of the wheel. The size of rubber is usually denoted in inches. For example, tire 6.00-12 where 6.00 is the width of the tire’s diagonal and 12 is its planting diameter;
Tires for a single–axle tractor for 12
- purpose. a number of rods are for power tillers only, a number for transport only, but also for other purposes. This should be taken into account when choosing rubber, coordinating with the purpose of the cultivator;
- Quality or conformity to standards, quality of materials. It is recommended to buy tires from well-known manufacturers that are guaranteed to be durable, sturdy and resistant to environmental conditions.
Automotive wheels on a single axle tractor: mounting tips
For most farmers, a single-axle tractor is an indispensable piece of equipment on the farm. Its versatility allows to simplify many works on the plots of land. However, modern models are equipped with wheels that are not highly reliable and good running performance. Many of them are not able to work properly even one season. The side tires break under constant strain, and in wet weather the machine gets stuck in the mud.
And yet there is a way out. Standard discs on the device can be quite easily replaced by ordinary car discs. Everyone can do it, if you take into account some nuances and follow the recommendations below.
Before you start building a trailer, you should think carefully about what it will be used for. This is what determines the size of the device. At the same time, the parameters of the trailer must coincide with a particular motor-block, so that they can be conveniently used together. The following types of trailers are distinguished according to the power of power of power tillers:
Moto-blocks with power up to 5 hp. с. They go well with single axle trailers. The body of such devices has a maximum size of 1 by 1.15 meters and is considered lightweight. Medium trailers are suitable for power tillers with power from 5 to 10 hp. с. The dimensions of these devices can be 1 by 1.5 meters or 1.1 by 1.4 meters. They are designed for transporting loads of 300 to 500 kg.
For cultivators with a capacity of 10 l. с. it is best to use a body with two axles. Its dimensions will be about 1.2 by 2 meters. In such a trailer you can transport loads up to 1 ton. These are the ones that are considered heavy.
When you know the dimensions of the trailer, you should make drawings or sketches of the device. It is optimal if the construction is depicted from different angles. And it is also important to put marks with dimensions on the sketches and carefully show all the existing assemblies.
A simple trailer consists of the following basic components:
The driver, which consists of several parts;
The structure of the driver includes such parts as the body for the node responsible for turning, drawbar made of pipe, footrest frame, stop made of pipe, ribs for stiffness, overlapping parts in the form of strips. Parts are connected, usually with a welding machine. the load is greatest on the place where the drawbar joints with the steering unit. It is it that must be well strengthened with the use of reinforcing ribs.
The frame is most often made of steel, or, more precisely, rods (pipes) with a diameter of at least 3 cm. Connections on the frame are made using welding, beams, spars, supports at the corners, the body of the longitudinal joint. Each frame should include a number of features due to the terrain where it will be used: for example, potholes, hillocks, and more.
The body can be made of either metal or wood. It can be solid or made of rods.
When assembling it, it is worth considering for what purposes you need the trailer and what kind of cargo it will most often carry.
In order to make a wheel axle you need to use a steel rod. Its diameter should be about 3 cm and its length about 1.07 m. These parameters are the best and do not allow the wheels to protrude beyond the body of the trailer. As for the wheels, they are suitable for almost any vehicle. The main thing is that they fit to the construction in size.
When preparing it is necessary to take into account that the scheme includes a number of subtleties. It is important to have not only the main but also auxiliary units. It is also important to choose in advance the method by which the nodes will be fastened.
It is also necessary to take into account that some connections must be special, because they are responsible for turning. It is equally important to consider whether the trailer will be equipped with parking supports and a tipper for quick unloading.
Making tracks for a power tiller
Various materials can be used to make homemade tracks for a single-axle tractor. But, given the low engine power and the resulting lower life span, it should be noted right away that the track should not be heavy. That is why it is not worth adapting a honestly stolen track from a kolkhoz bulldozer to a single axle tractor. it will simply kill the small mechanical heart of the power tiller. It is better to use for this purpose automobile tires, for example, an off-road rubber. an aggressive pattern of its tread will provide reliable traction with unstable surfaces. mud, snow, forest flooring, etc.д. Driving on asphalt will quickly “eat away” the tread, but it’s not for asphalt that a single-axle crawler tractor is built.
So, we determined that the homemade tracks on a single axle tractor with optimal characteristics will be obtained from the avtorezina. But how to connect the caterpillar to the engine of the power harvester? There are different ways to go here. The easiest way, probably, is to take the wheels that are suitable for your power tiller and make them out of the off-road tires a kind of “coat”. It must be detachable, so you can use both just a single-axle tractor and its off-road version. But it will not be quite a caterpillar drive. For the tracks you need to make a system so that on each side of the crawler was at least two rollers. In this case, self-made caterpillar will have a large area of contact with the ground, which will provide a high cross-country capability.
The axle of the power tiller will be used for fixing the rollers, the drive wheels are placed on it, and a homemade system for fixing the dependent wheels. The optimal solution would be to connect the wheels with each other, and then you do not have to change the design of your power tiller. to weld on additional mounts for the wheels, which would be in the way, for example, when digging. A removable design allows you to quickly and easily turn a single-axle tractor into a passable platform.
As for the technical requirements, it is necessary that the single-axle tractor is equipped with an axle locking system. This system is one of the elements of the gearbox and allows the crawler to make a “Tank-style” U-turn. in one place, when one track moves forward and the other at the same time moves backward. Otherwise it would be inconvenient to use a single axle tractor. And it goes without saying that you need to soberly assess the potential and life of the engine, so it can safely work with the assembled system. By the way, if the engine power is sufficient, and there is some positive experience with the technique, you can develop a chain drive transmission system to the second wheel. in this case, a single-axle tractor will be four-wheel drive, which will markedly increase its off-road characteristics.
Making tracks for a power tiller
In order to make homemade caterpillars for a single axle tractor, you can use different materials. But, given the small power of the engine and the resulting shorter life, it should be noted at once that the track should not be heavy. Therefore it is not worth adapting to a single-axle tractor honestly stolen track from the collective farm bulldozer. it will just kill a small mechanical heart motoblock. It is better to use automotive tires for this purpose, for example, off-road tires. its aggressive tread pattern will provide reliable traction with unstable surfaces. mud, snow, forest flooring, etc.д. Driving on asphalt will quickly “eat” the tread, but it is not for asphalt that a single-axle caterpillar tractor is going to.
So, we determined that homemade tracks on a single-axle tractor with optimal characteristics will be obtained from autorubber. But how to connect the caterpillars to the engine of the power tiller? Here you can go a variety of ways. Probably the easiest way is to take the wheels that fit your power tiller and make them out of off-road tires a kind of “coat”. It should be detachable, so you can use both just a single-axle tractor and its off-road version. But it will not be quite a caterpillar drive. For the tracks, you have to make a system so that there are at least two rollers on each side of the crawler. In this case, the homemade track will have a large area of contact with the ground, which will provide a high cross-country capability.
To attach the rollers, the axle of the motoblock will be used, the drive wheels will be placed on it, and a homemade system for attaching the dependent wheels. The optimal solution would be to connect the wheels with each other, in this case you do not have to change the design of the power tiller. to weld additional mounts for the wheels, which would be in the way, for example, when digging the ground. Detachable design allows you to quickly and easily turn a single-axle tractor into a passable platform.
For the technical requirements it is necessary that the single axle tractor is equipped with an axle locking system. This system is one of the elements of the gearbox and will allow the crawler to make a “Tank-style” U-turn. in one place, when one track moves forward and the other at the same time moves backward. Otherwise, the use of a power tiller will be inconvenient. And it goes without saying that it is necessary to estimate the potential and service life of the engine, so it can safely operate with the assembled system. By the way, if the engine power is sufficient, and there is some positive experience with the technique, you can develop a chain drive transmission system to the second wheel. in this case, a single-axle tractor will be all-wheel drive, which will markedly increase its off-road characteristics.
Creating a mechanism for locking the wheels
To make a brake system adapter you will need to buy a ready-made mechanism. The order of installation of its elements is as follows:
- Dismantle the locking assembly rod and extend the threads on its surface using a special die;
- Make a strong steel stop;
- Drill holes of 3 and 10mm in the body of the rod;
- Install and fix a strong return spring.
After installing the locking mechanism, mount the axle and wheels on the adapter. You can get them from old motor vehicles, like mopeds, motorcycles, or garden carts. If the axle you are using is too long, shorten it with an electric hacksaw. details about making an adapter for a single-axle tractor will tell you about the video.
Assemble and firmly fasten all the elements of the adapter, you can test it in action. If you act strictly according to the instructions, then you will not have any problems with the design.
If desired, you can equip a single-axle tractor with an adapter with a mounted rake, bulldozer blade or a roomy dump body. Thanks to the adapter the operation of all these designs will become much more convenient and productive.
All listed recommendations are suitable for making adapters that can be used with Neva, Salyut, Agro and MTZ power tillers. The towbars on the units of these brands practically do not differ from each other by design, so the principle of connecting the coupling adapter and towbar of each of the power tillers will be almost the same.