Cultivating the land during the cultivation of a personal plot always requires certain physical effort and time. Therefore, some landowners eventually acquire tillers, greatly facilitating this work. Their diversity is widely represented on the market today, but if you wish, you can do it yourself, significantly saving money at the same time, and collecting equipment for specific operating conditions. Many craftsmen prefer to assemble a tiller with their own hands.
ICE based technology
Homemade products with installed internal combustion engines have more power and functionality compared to electric counterparts. This allows you to significantly expand the scope of their use. Attachments in the form of a plow, plane cutter, cultivator, rake, easily mounted on the frame bracket. Also, the unit can be easily transformed into an ice rink or a home mini-tractor.
Asking the question "how to make a homemade tiller", first of all you need to understand his device. To assemble a do-it-yourself motor-cultivator with your own hands, you need, first of all, an engine, transmission and a reduction gear.
For assembly work, you will need a standard set of tools: a set of wrenches, a drill, an angle grinder, a welding machine, and when assembling more complex and lifting machines, also turning and milling of some nodes.
Perhaps the most optimal option in the manufacture of a home-made motor-cultivator is to use a chainsaw engine to create it. The advantages here are the performance and power of the unit, low fuel consumption, low weight and compactness. And with the components during its assembly there will be no special difficulties. Everything you need can be found at the car market or flea markets.
The general scheme of the tiller:
- the tiller frame is made in the form of a rhombus from a metal corner with a size of 3200x3200x3200 mm;
- the engine is mounted on the crossbars from above, the gas tank, as a rule, is mounted a little lower;
- the intermediate shaft bearings are attached to the front struts;
- bearings of a running shaft are established on longitudinal edges
With this arrangement, the center of gravity of the unit has a rear location (above the support wheel), therefore, for its displacement, you can install an additional weighting in front.
Video: How to Make a Skating Rink On a Cultivator
To adjust the speed, a native gearbox is used, motorcycle sprockets (main and intermediate) are also used, the number of teeth of which is selected taking into account the required power output. The working tools of the unit are made in the form of wheels with knives and can perform the function of a trimmer, milling cutter or motor chopper.
As an alternative, you can use the engine from the brushcutter, which is similar in its characteristics to the drive of a chainsaw.
Often, old motor vehicles can rust in garages and barns for years, but they can easily find a second life. Motorcycle engines are great for creating a do-it-yourself do-it-yourself motor-cultivator, but two-stroke engines from older models, as well as from scooters, are most often used. But recently, motors from scooters or mopeds have also begun to be actively used, giving alterations a second life to broken equipment.
Transmission can be of several types:
- toothed. the most common and easily mounted;
- combined (gear-worm gear);
- chain-belt, gear;
- hydraulic gearbox. gaining popularity, but the most expensive compared to the mechanical type of transmission.
Everyone chooses which system to use, depending on the details available and the functionality of the equipment to be laid. But from practice it can be noted that homemade trimmers in their characteristics can compete with factory models.
A frame of the required size is welded from the corner, to which an engine with a fuel supply system and a gas tank is attached. The transmission of torque from the reduction gear to the wheels is via a chain. In this case, you can use the bridge from the donor motor technology mounted on the wheel axle. All controls are transferred to the steering wheel of the unit.
When designing heavier equipment, a standard ZID-5 engine or its other modifications, which were previously widely used on various units, are used. In conjunction with it, a gearbox from Zaporozhets and a lightweight drive axle are installed.
When processing small plots of land electric cultivator can be a good help. The most popular is the industrial model "Mole". As a rule, an electric cultivator has less power, and its use is limited by the power cord. But still this technique is very popular among summer residents. At the same time, many craftsmen prefer to make homemade electric cultivators with their own hands.
Principle of operation
The power unit of the electric cultivator is an electric motor that transmits torque to a wheel-type mill or other element of land processing through a gearbox. The controls for the equipment are located on the steering wheel. Most often, unicycle electric cultivators
The necessary depth of loosening of the soil is achieved by pressing the handlebars and adjusting the height of the coulter. As a rule, it is about 25 centimeters, which is enough for cultivating the soil.
The second life of the grinder
As the basis for a home-made electric cultivator, you can use any electric motor designed for 220 V, but most often craftsmen use a power unit and a reducer from an electric grinder.
The only thing to do is knock down the working nozzle and install the shaft in its place (most often they take bored scrap for these purposes). Grouser wheels with knives are attached to the shaft, which easily break and loosen the ground.
But other types of electrical engineering can also be used as power blocks, so if you want to experiment with the assembly of your own electric cultivator, drawings of such equipment can be easily found on the Internet.